List of lowest-income places in the United States

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Kiryas Joel, New York had the lowest per capita income of any location with over 10,000 population in the US, as of the 2000 census.

According to the United States Census Bureau the following are the places in the United States with the lowest per capita or median household income. Locations with populations from the 2010 census are ranked by median household income as surveyed between 2008 and 2012. For comparison, locations are next listed with populations per capita income from the 2000 census. The most sizable community in 2000 (with a population of 13,138) was Kiryas Joel, New York which had a per capita income of just $4,355. In terms of geographic size, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation and the adjacent Rosebud Indian Reservation (Lakota Sioux Reservations, South Dakota) have long been among the lowest income areas in the United States. Three of the lowest ten per capita income locations in the U.S. are on these two reservations, which constitute the three largest populations in the bottom ten locations.

Locations over 1,000 population (2008-12 American Community Survey)[edit]

The data below are for annual median household income, based on 2008–2012 American Community Survey data from the U.S. Census Bureau, and with populations from the 2010 U.S. Census.[1] Only places with a population over 1,000 are included, as data on locations with small populations often has a very high margin of error.

For comparison, the median household income for the United States is $53,046.[1]

Rank Place State Popul. 2008-2012 Annual
Median Household Income
White Black API Native Latino
1 Blackwater AZ 1,062 $9,491 2.3% 0.5% 0.1% 72.1% 22.1%
2 Muniz TX 1,106 $11,711 0.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 99.8%
3 Beattyville KY 1,307 $12,361 96.4% 1.0% 0.1% 0.2% 1.5%
4 University Park[Note 1] NM 4,192 $12,788 42.0% 4.0% 6.5% 4.5% 39.6%
5 Tchula MS 2,096 $12,806 1.6% 96.7% 0.2% 0.0% 1.1%
6 Jamestown TN 1,959 $13,060 95.3% 0.1% 0.0% 0.7% 2.7%
7 Yanceyville NC 2,039 $13,505 38.2% 54.0% 0.5% 0.4% 3.6%
8 Campti LA 1,056 $13,693 26.9% 69.9% 0.2% 0.4% 0.8%
9 Cullen LA 1,163 $13,711 12.7% 85.3% 0.2% 0.0% 1.1%
10 Sneedville TN 1,387 $13,719 97.1% 0.6% 0.1% 0.3% 0.3%
11 Las Palmas-Juarez TX 1,605 $13,750 4.8% 0.0% 0.2% 0.0% 95.0%
12 Melville LA 1,041 $14,328 45.0% 51.9% 0.2% 0.2% 1.8%
13 Clarks LA 1,017 $14,479 50.8% 46.2% 0.3% 0.2% 1.9%
14 Meigs GA 1,035 $14,583 28.5% 64.0% 0.0% 0.1% 6.3%
15 Ferriday LA 3,511 $14,662 15.4% 83.3% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3%
16 Morgantown KY 2,394 $14,916 89.0% 0.6% 0.3% 0.0% 9.5%
17 Unionville GA 1,845 $15,186 0.9% 95.8% 0.1% 0.3% 2.2%
18 Cibecue AZ 1,713 $15,208 0.8% 0.1% 1.7% 95.2% 1.9%
19 Lumber City GA 1,328 $15,363 47.6% 51.0% 0.0% 0.1% 1.1%
20 Munfordville KY 1,615 $15,519 84.5% 11.8% 0.6% 0.1% 1.4%
21 Columbus NM 1,664 $15,583 11.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.8% 85.9%
22 Rosedale MS 1,873 $15,789 12.7% 86.5% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2%
23 Vanceburg KY 1,518 $16,067 97.8% 0.3% 0.0% 0.4% 0.5%
24 Brooksville MS 1,223 $16,071 15.5% 82.5% 0.1% 0.1% 1.0%
25 Bishopville SC 3,471 $16,103 26.0% 70.9% 0.8% 0.3% 1.2%
26 Shelby MS 2,229 $16,322 4.7% 94.3% 0.0% 0.0% 0.8%
27 Pine Knot KY 1,621 $16,432 91.3% 4.9% 0.2% 0.7% 1.4%
28 Boone[Note 1] NC 17,122 $16,447 89.9% 3.4% 1.5% 0.2% 3.3%
29 Niland CA 1,006 $16,458 29.7% 2.8% 2.0% 1.8% 61.4%
30 Olmito TX 1,210 $16,507 3.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 95.8%
31 South Henderson NC 1,213 $16,559 30.9% 49.2% 0.3% 0.0% 18.2%
32 Roberta GA 1,007 $16,587 50.3% 43.7% 1.5% 0.0% 3.1%
33 Mosses AL 1,029 $16,713 1.5% 96.7% 0.0% 0.0% 1.8%
34 Fort Gaines GA 1,107 $16,726 24.1% 74.3% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3%
35 Banks Springs LA 1,192 $16,727 42.9% 52.8% 0.8% 0.1% 1.8%
36 Livingston AL 3,485 $16,736 34.4% 63.8% 0.3% 0.1% 0.7%
37 Pirtleville AZ 1,744 $16,914 3.6% 0.3% 0.2% 0.5% 95.3%
38 Fairfax SC 2,025 $16,976 19.1% 78.6% 0.6% 0.1% 1.5%
39 Cairo IL 2,831 $16,977 27.4% 69.6% 0.4% 0.2% 0.4%
40 Fayette MS 1,614 $17,083 1.6% 97.7% 0.0% 0.2% 0.2%
41 Century FL 1,698 $17,188 39.4% 55.8% 0.5% 0.4% 1.1%
42 Hughes AR 1,441 $17,212 23.4% 74.2% 0.6% 0.2% 1.1%
43 City View SC 1,345 $17,212 37.4% 27.6% 0.4% 0.2% 33.4%
44 Calwa CA 2,052 $17,228 4.5% 1.1% 2.2% 1.3% 90.1%
45 Roscommon MI 1,075 $17,321 95.5% 0.3% 0.8% 0.7% 0.2%
46 Harlem FL 2,658 $17,361 0.9% 95.5% 0.0% 0.2% 3.0%
47 Shaw MS 1,952 $17,391 6.4% 93.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.3%
48 Statenville GA 1,040 $17,483 53.8% 11.6% 1.0% 2.1% 29.2%
49 Luxora AR 1,178 $17,614 33.1% 60.8% 0.0% 0.5% 4.6%
50 Ola AR 1,281 $17,614 79.1% 0.5% 0.5% 0.9% 18.0%
51 Baldwin MI 1,208 $17,621 61.7% 27.9% 0.1% 0.7% 4.9%
52 Parkin AR 1,105 $17,721 27.5% 69.4% 0.0% 0.6% 1.1%
53 Carbondale[Note 1] IL 25,902 $17,743 60.1% 25.3% 5.7% 0.3% 5.4%
54 Annville KY 1,095 $17,750 97.7% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 1.6%
55 Mansfield MO 1,296 $17,750 96.9% 0.6% 0.5% 0.3% 0.9%
56 Benton Harbor MI 10,038 $17,766 6.4% 88.7% 0.1% 0.3% 2.2%
57 Cullowhee[Note 1] NC 6,228 $17,775 84.6% 7.0% 1.2% 0.7% 5.1%
58 Brookdale SC 4,873 $17,839 0.7% 97.5% 0.2% 0.1% 0.7%
59 New Boston OH 2,272 $17,875 95.5% 1.1% 0.3% 0.1% 0.9%
60 Elizabethtown NC 3,583 $18,010 42.6% 50.7% 0.7% 0.4% 4.1%
61 Belhaven NC 1,688 $18,179 37.6% 55.1% 0.5% 0.5% 5.0%
62 Clay City KY 1,077 $18,205 96.6% 0.0% 0.5% 0.1% 2.0%
63 Pembroke NC 2,973 $18,220 15.8% 12.2% 0.8% 65.7% 2.2%
64 Clarksville TX 3,285 $18,232 40.2% 47.7% 0.4% 0.4% 9.6%
65 Sunflower MS 1,159 $18,299 12.0% 86.3% 0.0% 0.0% 1.6%
66 Reform AL 1,702 $18,313 50.4% 47.9% 0.0% 0.1% 0.9%
67 Waldo AR 1,372 $18,348 30.3% 67.2% 0.1% 0.1% 1.2%
68 Macon MS 2,768 $18,367 21.7% 77.0% 0.5% 0.1% 0.5%
69 Athens[Note 1] OH 23,832 $18,428 84.7% 4.3% 6.1% 0.1% 2.4%
70 Eudora AR 2,269 $18,438 9.1% 89.3% 0.0% 0.4% 1.0%
71 Medina TX 3,935 $18,446 2.0% 0.2% 0.0% 0.1% 97.7%
72 Alorton IL 2,002 $18,495 0.9% 97.5% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2%
73 Breckinridge Center KY 2,080 $18,536 50.0% 43.2% 1.3% 0.5% 4.0%
74 Goodman MS 1,386 $18,603 23.7% 74.2% 0.1% 0.1% 1.2%
75 Metcalfe MS 1,067 $18,625 3.4% 94.9% 0.1% 0.0% 1.0%
76 Lambert MS 1,638 $18,676 11.0% 88.3% 0.0% 0.1% 0.4%
77 Sebastian TX 1,917 $18,684 5.0% 0.3% 0.0% 0.1% 94.6%
78 Hayti MO 2,939 $18,712 51.9% 45.1% 0.3% 0.2% 1.0%
79 Shackelford CA 3,371 $18,764 16.3% 0.5% 1.4% 0.6% 79.6%
80 Rankin PA 2,122 $18,779 18.0% 76.8% 0.1% 0.3% 1.0%
81 Dermott AR 2,316 $18,795 20.1% 77.1% 0.7% 0.1% 1.0%
82 Celina TN 1,495 $18,830 94.5% 1.0% 0.1% 0.1% 3.1%
83 Aliceville AL 2,486 $18,847 22.6% 74.3% 0.0% 0.1% 1.2%
84 Maxton NC 2,426 $18,848 18.4% 65.0% 0.1% 13.6% 1.8%
85 Alto TX 1,225 $18,854 52.7% 24.7% 0.0% 0.0% 20.9%
86 Falfurrias TX 4,981 $18,884 7.0% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 92.0%
87 Citrus City TX 2,321 $18,925 12.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 87.3%
88 East Spencer NC 1,534 $18,942 11.3% 83.3% 0.0% 0.2% 2.4%
89 Lumberton MS 2,086 $18,950 42.1% 56.2% 0.0% 0.1% 1.5%
90 Renovo PA 1,228 $19,009 96.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 1.1%
91 Kentwood LA 2,198 $19,013 26.6% 71.7% 0.3% 0.1% 0.9%
92 Vado NM 3,194 $19,031 3.9% 0.4% 0.0% 0.2% 95.5%
93 Benton Heights MI 4,084 $19,033 27.2% 61.5% 0.1% 0.5% 8.1%
94 Wolfhurst OH 1,239 $19,067 93.9% 3.5% 0.4% 0.0% 0.2%
95 San Augustine TX 2,108 $19,067 36.4% 51.8% 0.4% 0.0% 10.5%
96 La Grulla TX 1,622 $19,094 1.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 98.1%
97 Reynolds Heights PA 2,061 $19,132 96.1% 1.2% 0.1% 0.0% 0.7%
98 Houck AZ 1,024 $19,138 1.2% 0.0% 0.1% 95.2% 2.0%
99 Biola CA 1,623 $19,167 5.5% 0.4% 19.3% 0.6% 73.7%
100 Mamou LA 3,242 $19,172 53.9% 42.8% 0.2% 0.2% 1.4%

Out of these 100 places, 30 are majority white, 47 are majority Black, 4 are majority Native American, and 15 are majority Latino. Of these 100 places, 66 are in the former Confederacy (12 in Mississippi, 11 in Texas, 9 in North Carolina, 8 in Louisiana, 7 in Arkansas, 6 in Georgia, 4 each in Alabama and South Carolina, 3 in Tennessee, and 2 in Florida); additionally, there are 8 in Kentucky, 4 each in Arizona, California, and Michigan, 3 each in Illinois, New Mexico, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, and 2 in Missouri.[1]

Large cities with a high percentage of low income residents[edit]

For the survey, a large city is defined as a city with a population of 250,000 or more. Percentage of residents living below the U.S. government established poverty income level is listed, based on 2012 US Census estimates.[2]

  1. Detroit, Michigan 42.3%
  2. Cleveland, Ohio 36.1%
  3. Cincinnati, Ohio 34.1%
  4. Miami, Florida 31.7%
  5. Fresno, California 31.5%
  6. Buffalo, New York 30.9%
  7. Newark, New Jersey 30.4%
  8. Toledo, Ohio 30.1%
  9. Milwaukee, Wisconsin 29.9%
  10. St. Louis, Missouri 29.2%

All locations (2000 census)[edit]

Location, per capita income, population[edit]

  1. Allen, South Dakota $1,539, (420)
  2. Cuevitas, Texas $1,703, (37)
  3. Brundage, Texas $2,371, (31)
  4. Wounded Knee, South Dakota $2,403, (328) [3]
  5. Tobin, California $2,584, (11)
  6. Los Angeles Subdivision, Texas $2,701, (86)
  7. Tagg Flats, Oklahoma $2,774, (11)
  8. Elmo, Montana $2,778, (143)
  9. McNary, Arizona $2,917, (349)
  10. Parmelee, South Dakota $2,946, (650)
  11. East Dunseith, North Dakota $3,026, (219)
  12. Boys Town, Nebraska $3,048, (818)
  13. Green Grass, South Dakota $3,135, (58)
  14. Belden, California $3,141, (26)
  15. South Alamo, Texas $3,162, (3,101)
  16. Muniz, Texas $3,230, (1,106)
  17. Lago, Texas $3,346, (246)
  18. Lukachukai, Arizona $3,380, (1,565)
  19. Nageezi, New Mexico $3,502, (296)
  20. Redford, Texas $3,577, (132)
  21. Indian Hills, Texas $3,583 (2,036)
  22. El Cenizo, Texas $3,610 (3,545)
  23. Little Eagle, South Dakota $3,632 (370)
  24. Del Mar Heights, Texas $3,665 (259)
  25. Aleneva, Alaska $3,707 (68)
  26. Calio, North Dakota $3,711 (24)
  27. Alto Bonito, Texas $3,717 (569)
  28. Stidham, Oklahoma $3,764 (23)
  29. Steamboat, Arizona $3,767 (233)
  30. Oglala, South Dakota $3,824 (1,229)
  31. Las Lomas, Texas $3,877 (2,684)
  32. Whiterocks, Utah $3,920 (341)
  33. Winslow West, Arizona – $3,951 (131)
  34. Ponemah, Minnesota $4,000 (874)
  35. Bullhead, South Dakota $4,029 (308)
  36. Fort Thompson, South Dakota $4,030 (1,375)
  37. Alamo, New Mexico $4,039 (1,183)
  38. Spring Creek, South Dakota $4,045 (136)
  39. Cameron Park, Texas $4,103 (5,961)
  40. Antelope, South Dakota $4,105 (867)
  41. University Park, New Mexico $4,152 (2,732)
  42. Hartwell, Missouri $4,216 (16)
  43. Mila Doce, Texas $4,221 (4,907)
  44. La Rosita, Texas $4,228 (1,729)
  45. Sheep Springs, New Mexico $4,260 (237)
  46. San Carlos, Texas $4,296 (2,650)
  47. Pope-Vannoy Landing, Alaska $4,325 (8)
  48. Kiryas Joel, New York $4,355 (13,138)
  49. Porcupine, South Dakota $4,429 (407)
  50. Manderson-White Horse Creek, South Dakota $4,440 (626)
  51. Memphis, Alabama $4,444 (33)
  52. Santa Cruz, Texas $4,493 (630)
  53. Sawmill, Arizona $4,495 (612)
  54. La Puerta, Texas $4,507 (1,636)
  55. Butterfield, Texas $4,526 (61)
  56. Navajo, New Mexico $4,551 (2,097)
  57. North Escobares, Texas $4,562 (1,692)
  58. Rio Bravo, Texas $4,566 (5,553)
  59. Wanblee, South Dakota $4,584 (641)
  60. Ranchette Estates, Texas $4,605 (133)
  61. San Carlos, Arizona $4,615 (3,716)
  62. Natural Bridge, Alabama $4,619 (28)
  63. Dixville, New Hampshire $4,667 (75)
  64. Round Rock, Arizona $4,688 (144)
  65. Aurora Center, South Dakota $4,700 (7)
  66. Oljato-Monument Valley, Arizona $4,702 (155)
  67. East Fork, Arizona $4,772 (880)
  68. Hildale, Utah $4,782 (1,895)
  69. Progreso, Texas $4,789 (4,851)
  70. Muddy, Montana $4,837 (627)
  71. Bixby, Texas $4,852 (356)
  72. Scissors, Texas $4,914 (2,805)
  73. Heidelberg, Texas $4,922 (1,586)
  74. Doffing, Texas $4,923 (4,256)
  75. Shell Valley, North Dakota $4,948 (395)
  76. Tradewinds, Texas $4,962 (163)
  77. Las Palmas-Juarez, Texas $4,973 (1,666)
  78. East Orosi, California $4,984 (426)
  79. Belle Glade Camp, Florida $4,995 (1,141)
  80. Storla, South Dakota $5,014 (15)
  81. Milltown, South Dakota $5,031 (8)
  82. Nazlini, Arizona $5,036 (397)
  83. French Camp, Mississippi $5,047 (393)
  84. Pinesdale, Montana $5,051 (742)
  85. Roma Creek, Texas $5,062 (610)
  86. Salineno, Texas $5,115 (304)
  87. Sullivan City, Texas $5,131 (3,998)
  88. Lindsay, Reeves County, Texas $5,142 (394)
  89. Kaser, New York $5,147 (3,316)
  90. Fort Totten, North Dakota $5,165 (952)
  91. Olmito, Texas $5,170 (1,198)
  92. La Homa, Texas $5,180 (10,433)
  93. Midway North, Texas $5,202 (3,946)
  94. Houck, Arizona $5,219 (1,087)
  95. Spring Garden-Terra Verde, Texas $5,223 (693)
  96. Howe Township, Forest County, Pennsylvania $5,223 (417)
  97. New Square, New York $5,237 (4,624)
  98. Lopezville, Texas $5,254 (4,476)
  99. Colorado City, Arizona $5,293 (3,334)
  100. Wheelwright, Kentucky $5,367 (1,034)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Several places in the 2010 list of places over 1,000 people have low median incomes because they are college towns, and a majority of the place's population is made up of college or university students: University Park, New Mexico, home to New Mexico State University; Boone, North Carolina, home to Appalachian State University; Carbondale, Illinois, home to Southern Illinois University; Cullowhee, North Carolina, home to Western Carolina University; and Athens, Ohio, home to Ohio University.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "US Census". Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.governing.com/blogs/view/gov-poverty-rates-remain-stubbornly-high-big-cities.html
  3. ^ "US Census". Retrieved 20 November 2012.