List of threatened fauna of Michigan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A map of the state of Michigan, with an inset showing the location of Michigan in the United States
The state of Michigan, and its location in the United States

The list of threatened fauna of Michigan includes almost 400 endangered, threatened and special concern species that are located in Michigan as a part of the fauna of the United States.[1] Endangered and threatened species in Michigan are protected through the Endangered Species Act of the State of Michigan, part of the 1994 Michigan Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act. The list was last updated in 2009 to its sixth iteration.[2] At this time, 69 new species were added, including many species of freshwater mussels and snails, and 13 species were removed.[1] The state also recognizes species of special concern, which are not protected under the Act. These species have low or declining numbers in the state or a need for additional information on their populations in Michigan. If the species' numbers decline, they are moved to threatened or endangered status and afforded protection under the Act; if they increase, they are removed from the list without further action.[2]

Threatened and endangered species can also be listed under the Federal Endangered Species Act, passed in 1973; the Act covers over 1,250 plant and animal species. Species can be on either list or both lists – representation on one does not automatically determine representation (or status) on the other.[1][3]

A large portion of the field surveys and research conducted with regards to threatened and endangered species in Michigan is undertaken by the Michigan Natural Features Inventory (MNFI) program. The MNFI program was originally developed in 1980 as part of the state natural heritage programs conceptualized by The Nature Conservancy (TNC), through which it received its first funding. The MNFI program severed relations with TNC in 2000, and became a program of the Michigan State University Extension Services.[4]

Mammals[edit]

There are twelve species of threatened mammals in Michigan. Five of these are listed as species of threatened concern, three as threatened and four as endangered. Two also have federal listed status as endangered or threatened.

Species Common name State status Federal status
Alces alces Moose Special Concern
Canis lupus Gray wolf Special Concern
Cryptotis parva Least shrew Threatened
Felis concolor Cougar Endangered
Glaucomys sabrinus Northern flying squirrel Special Concern
Lynx canadensis Lynx Endangered Threatened
Microtus ochrogaster Prairie vole Endangered
Microtus pinetorum Woodland vole Special Concern
Myotis sodalis Indiana bat Endangered Endangered
Nycticeius humeralis Evening bat Threatened
Pipistrellus subflavus Eastern pipistrelle Special Concern
Sorex fumeus Smoky shrew Threatened

Amphibians[edit]

A frog on a leaf
The Blanchard's cricket frog is threatened in Michigan.

There are five species and subspecies of threatened amphibians in Michigan. Two of these are listed as species of special concern, one as a threatened species and two as endangered. No amphibians with federally listed threatened status have populations in Michigan.

Species Common name State status
Acris crepitans blanchardi Blanchard's cricket frog Threatened
Ambystoma opacum Marbled salamander Endangered
Ambystoma texanum Smallmouth salamander Endangered
Pseudacris maculata Boreal chorus frog Special Concern
Siren intermedia nettingi Western lesser siren Special Concern

Reptiles[edit]

A black turtle with yellow spots
The spotted turtle is a threatened species in Michigan.

There are eleven species and subspecies of threatened reptiles in Michigan. Of these, six are listed as species of special concern, three as threatened and two as endangered. One species has federal listed status as threatened, while another is a candidate for federal listing.

Species Common name State status Federal status
Clemmys guttata Spotted turtle Threatened
Clemmys insculpta Wood turtle Special Concern
Clonophis kirtlandii Kirtland's snake Endangered
Cnemidophorus sexlineatus Six-lined racerunner Threatened
Emys blandingii Blanding's turtle Special Concern
Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta Copperbelly water snake Endangered Threatened
Pantherophis gloydi Eastern fox snake Threatened
Pantherophis spiloides Gray rat snake Special Concern
Regina septemvittata Queen snake Special Concern
Sistrurus catenatus catenatus Eastern massasauga Special Concern Candidate
Terrapene carolina carolina Eastern box turtle Special Concern

Birds[edit]

A long-beaked brown bird with a background of foliage
The king rail, endangered in Michigan

There are 42 threatened species and subspecies of birds in Michigan. Of these, 18 are listed as species of threatened concern, 14 as threatened and 9 as endangered. One additional species is listed as extinct in Michigan, although it previously had a population in the state. Two species have federal listed status as endangered.

Species Common name State status Federal status
Accipiter gentilis Northern goshawk Special Concern
Ammodramus henslowii Henslow's sparrow Endangered
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper sparrow Special Concern
Asio flammeus Short-eared owl Endangered
Asio otus Long-eared owl Threatened
Botaurus lentiginosus American bittern Special Concern
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered hawk Threatened
Charadrius melodus Piping plover Endangered Endangered and Critical Habitat[note 1]
Chlidonias niger Black tern Special Concern
Chondestes grammacus Lark sparrow Extinct
Circus cyaneus Northern harrier Special Concern
Cistothorus palustris Marsh wren Special Concern
Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow rail Threatened
Cygnus buccinator Trumpeter swan Threatened
Falcipennis canadensis Spruce grouse Special Concern
Falco columbarius Merlin Threatened
Falco peregrinus Peregrine falcon Endangered
Gallinula chloropus Common moorhen Threatened
Gavia immer Common loon Threatened
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald eagle Special Concern
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian tern Threatened
Ixobrychus exilis Least bittern Threatened
Lanius ludovicianus migrans Migrant loggerhead shrike Endangered
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned night-heron Special Concern
Pandion haliaetus Osprey Special Concern
Parkesia motacilla Louisiana waterthrush Threatened
Phalaropus tricolor Wilson's phalarope Special Concern
Picoides arcticus Black-backed woodpecker Special Concern
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary warbler Special Concern
Rallus elegans King rail Endangered
Setophaga cerulea Cerulean warbler Threatened
Setophaga citrina Hooded warbler Special Concern
Setophaga discolor Prairie warbler Endangered
Setophaga dominica Yellow-throated warbler Threatened
Setophaga kirtlandii Kirtland's warbler Endangered Endangered
Spiza americana Dickcissel Special Concern
Sterna forsteri Forster's tern Threatened
Sterna hirundo Common tern Threatened
Sturnella neglecta Western meadowlark Special Concern
Tympanuchus phasianellus Sharp-tailed grouse Special Concern
Tyto alba Barn owl Endangered
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed blackbird Special Concern

Fish[edit]

A fish swimming through clear water with a rocky bottom
The arctic grayling, a species now extinct in Michigan

There are 35 species and subspecies of threatened fish in Michigan. Of these, eight are species of special concern, nine are threatened and another nine are listed as endangered. An additional nine species that previously had populations in Michigan are now considered extinct in that state. None of the federally listed species of threatened fish have populations in Michigan.

Species Common name State status
Acipenser fulvescens Lake sturgeon Threatened
Ammocrypta pellucida Eastern sand darter Threatened
Clinostomus elongatus Redside dace Endangered
Coregonus artedi Lake herring Threatened
Coregonus hubbsi Ives lake cisco Threatened
Coregonus johannae Deepwater cisco Extinct
Coregonus kiyi Kiyi Special Concern
Coregonus nigripinnis Blackfin cisco Extinct
Coregonus reighardi Shortnose cisco Extinct
Coregonus zenithicus Shortjaw cisco Threatened
Coregonus zenithicus bartletti Siskiwit lake cisco Threatened
Cottus ricei Spoonhead sculpin Special Concern
Erimyzon oblongus Creek chubsucker Endangered
Etheostoma spectabile Orangethroat darter Special Concern
Fundulus dispar Starhead topminnow Special Concern
Hiodon tergisus Mooneye Threatened
Hybopsis amblops Bigeye chub Extinct
Lepisosteus oculatus Spotted gar Special Concern
Macrhybopsis storeriana Silver chub Special Concern
Moxostoma carinatum River redhorse Threatened
Notropis anogenus Pugnose shiner Endangered
Notropis chalybaeus Ironcolor shiner Extinct
Notropis dorsalis Bigmouth shiner Special Concern
Noturus miurus Brindled madtom Special Concern
Notropis photogenis Silver shiner Endangered
Notropis texanus Weed shiner Extinct
Noturus stigmosus Northern madtom Endangered
Opsopoeodus emiliae Pugnose minnow Endangered
Percina copelandi Channel darter Endangered
Percina shumardi River darter Endangered
Phoxinus erythrogaster Southern redbelly dace Endangered
Polyodon spathula Paddlefish Extinct
Sander canadensis Sauger Threatened
Sander vitreus glaucus Bluepike Extinct
Thymallus arcticus Arctic grayling Extinct

Insects[edit]

Butterflies and moths[edit]

An orange, black and white butterfly on grass
The regal fritillary is endangered in Michigan.

There are 53 species and subspecies of threatened butterflies and moths in Michigan. Of these, 40 are listed as species of special concern, 8 as threatened and 5 as endangered. Two species are also listed as federally endangered, while another is a candidate for federal listing.

Species Common name State status Federal status
Acronicta falcula Corylus dagger moth Special Concern
Atrytonopsis hianna Dusted skipper Special Concern
Basilodes pepita Gold moth Special Concern
Battus philenor Pipevine swallowtail Special Concern
Boloria freija Freija fritillary Special Concern
Boloria frigga Frigga fritillary Special Concern
Brachionycha borealis Boreal brachionyncha Special Concern
Calephelis mutica Swamp metalmark Special Concern
Catocala amestris Three-staff underwing Endangered
Catocala dulciola Quiet underwing Special Concern
Catocala illecta Magdalen underwing Special Concern
Catocala robinsoni Robinson's underwing Special Concern
Chlosyne gorgone carlota Gorgone checkerspot Special Concern
Eacles imperialis pini Pine imperial moth Special Concern
Erebia discoidalis Red-disked alpine Special Concern
Erora laeta Early hairstreak Special Concern
Erynnis baptisiae Wild indigo duskywing Special Concern
Erynnis persius persius Persius duskywing Threatened
Euchloe ausonides Large marble Special Concern
Euphyes dukesi Dukes' skipper Threatened
Euxoa aurulenta Dune cutworm Special Concern
Fixsenia favonius ontario Northern hairstreak Special Concern
Hemileuca maia Barrens buckmoth Special Concern
Hesperia ottoe Ottoe skipper Threatened
Heterocampa subrotata Small heterocampa Special Concern
Heteropacha rileyana Riley's lappet moth Special Concern
Incisalia henrici Henry's elfin Threatened
Incisalia irus Frosted elfin Threatened
Lycaeides idas nabokovi Northern blue Threatened
Lycaeides melissa samuelis Karner blue Threatened Endangered
Merolonche dolli Doll's merolonche Special Concern
Meropleon ambifusca Newman's brocade Special Concern
Neonympha mitchellii mitchellii Mitchell's satyr Endangered Endangered
Oarisma poweshiek Poweshiek skipperling Threatened Candidate
Oeneis macounii Macoun's arctic Special Concern
Oncocnemis piffardi Three-striped oncocnemis Special Concern
Pachypolia atricornis Three-horned moth Special Concern
Papaipema aweme Aweme borer Special Concern
Papaipema beeriana Blazing star borer Special Concern
Papaipema cerina Golden borer Special Concern
Papaipema maritima Maritime sunflower borer Special Concern
Papaipema sciata Culvers root borer Special Concern
Papaipema silphii Silphium borer moth Threatened
Papaipema speciosissima Regal fern borer Special Concern
Phyciodes batesii Tawny crescent Special Concern
Polygonia gracilis Hoary comma Special Concern
Proserpinus flavofasciata Yellow-banded day-sphinx Special Concern
Pygarctia spraguei Sprague's pygarctia Special Concern
Pyrgus wyandot Grizzled skipper Special Concern
Schinia indiana Phlox moth Endangered
Schinia lucens Leadplant flower moth Endangered
Spartiniphaga inops Spartina moth Special Concern
Speyeria idalia Regal fritillary Endangered

Beetles[edit]

An orange and black beetle pinned to a board
The American burying beetle, extinct in Michigan and listed as endangered in the United States

There are six species of threatened beetles in Michigan. Of these, three are species of special concern, one is threatened and one is endangered. One additional species is extinct in Michigan, although it previously had a viable population in the state. Two species of beetles with populations in Michigan are listed as federally endangered.

Species Common name State status Federal status
Brychius hungerfordi Hungerford's crawling water beetle Endangered Endangered
Dryobius sexnotatus Six-banded longhorn beetle Threatened
Liodessus cantralli Cantrall's bog beetle Special Concern
Lordithon niger Black lordithon rove beetle Special Concern
Nicrophorus americanus American burying beetle Extinct Endangered
Stenelmis douglasensis Douglas Stenelmis riffle beetle Special Concern

Cicadas and hoppers[edit]

There are seven species of threatened cicadas and hoppers with populations in Michigan. Of these, five are listed as species of special concern and two as threatened species. There are no federally listed species with populations in Michigan.

Species Common name State status
Dorydiella kansana Leafhopper Special Concern
Flexamia delongi Leafhopper Special Concern
Flexamia huroni Huron river leafhopper Threatened
Flexamia reflexus Leafhopper Special Concern
Lepyronia angulifera Angular spittlebug Special Concern
Lepyronia gibbosa Great plains spittlebug Threatened
Prosapia ignipectus Red-legged spittlebug Special Concern

Damselflies and dragonflies[edit]

A dragonfly sitting on a human's finger
The Hine's emerald dragonfly, listed as endangered in both Michigan and the United States

There are 15 species of threatened damselflies and dragonflies in Michigan. Of these, twelve are listed as species of special concern, two as threatened and one as endangered. The state-listed endangered species is also listed as federally endangered.

Species Common name State status Federal status
Cordulegaster erronea Tiger spiketail Special Concern
Gomphus lineatifrons Splendid clubtail Special Concern
Gomphus quadricolor Rapids clubtail Special Concern
Hetaerina titia Smokey rubyspot Special Concern
Ophiogomphus anomalus Extra-striped snaketail Special Concern
Ophiogomphus howei Pygmy snaketail Threatened
Somatochlora hineana Hine's emerald Endangered Endangered
Somatochlora incurvata Incurvate emerald Special Concern
Stylurus amnicola Riverine snaketail Special Concern
Stylurus laurae Laura's snaketail Special Concern
Stylurus notatus Elusive snaketail Special Concern
Stylurus plagiatus Russet-tipped clubtail Special Concern
Tachopteryx thoreyi Grey petaltail Threatened
Williamsonia fletcheri Ebony boghaunter Special Concern
Williamsonia lintneri Ringed boghaunter Special Concern

Grasshoppers and crickets[edit]

There are 14 species of threatened grasshoppers and crickets in Michigan. Thirteen of these are listed as species of special concern, while the remaining species is listed as threatened. There are no federally listed species with populations in Michigan.

Species Common name State status
Appalachia arcana Secretive locust Special Concern
Atlanticus davisi Davis's shield-bearer Special Concern
Melanoplus flavidus Blue-legged locust Special Concern
Neoconocephalus lyristes Bog conehead Special Concern
Neoconocephalus retusus Conehead grasshopper Special Concern
Oecanthus laricis Tamarack tree cricket Special Concern
Oecanthus pini Pinetree cricket Special Concern
Orchelimum concinnum Red-faced meadow katydid Special Concern
Orchelimum delicatum Delicate meadow katydid Special Concern
Orphulella pelidna Green desert grasshopper Special Concern
Paroxya hoosieri Hoosier locust Special Concern
Psinidia fenestralis Atlantic-coast locust Special Concern
Scudderia fasciata Pine katydid Special Concern
Trimerotropis huroniana Lake Huron locust Threatened

Bees[edit]

There are two species of threatened bees in Michigan, both of which are members of the genus Bombus and are listed as species of special concern. There are no federally listed bee species with populations in Michigan.

Species Common name State status
Bombus affinis Rusty-patched bumble bee Special Concern
Bombus terricola Yellow banded bumble bee Special Concern

Caddisflies[edit]

There is one species of threatened caddisfly in Michigan, which is listed as a species of special concern and is not found on the federal listing of endangered species.

Species Common name State status
Limnephilus pallens No common name Special Concern

Dobsonflies and fishflies[edit]

There is one species of threatened dobsonfly in Michigan and no species of threatened fishflies. The single threatened member of this group is listed as a species of special concern, and is not found on the federal listing.

Species Common name State status
Neohermes concolor No common name Special Concern

Mayflies[edit]

There are three species of threatened mayflies with populations in Michigan, all of which are listed as species of special concern. None are found on the federal listing.

Species Common name State status
Anthopotamus verticis Walker's tusked sprawler Special Concern
Epeorus suffusus No common name Special Concern
Habrophlebiodes americana No common name Special Concern

Freshwater mussels[edit]

A brown striped mussel shell surrounded by rocks
The deertoe mussel is a species of special concern in Michigan.

There are 28 species and subspecies of threatened freshwater mussels in Michigan. Of these, 9 are species of special concern, 6 are listed as threatened and 13 are endangered. Six are also federally listed as endangered.

Species Common name State status Federal status
Alasmidonta marginata Elktoe Special Concern
Alasmidonta viridis Slippershell mussel Threatened
Cyclonaias tuberculata Purple wartyback Threatened
Epioblasma obliquata perobliqua White catspaw Endangered Endangered
Epioblasma torulosa rangiana Northern riffleshell Endangered Endangered
Epioblasma triquetra Snuffbox Endangered Endangered
Lampsilis fasciola Wavy-rayed lampmussel Threatened
Leptodea leptodon Scaleshell Special Concern Endangered
Ligumia nasuta Eastern pondmussel Endangered
Ligumia recta Black sandshell Endangered
Obliquaria reflexa Threehorn wartyback Endangered
Obovaria olivaria Hickorynut Endangered
Obovaria subrotunda Round hickorynut Endangered
Pleurobema clava Clubshell Endangered Endangered
Pleurobema sintoxia Round pigtoe Special Concern
Potamilus ohiensis Pink papershell Threatened
Ptychobranchus fasciolaris Kidney shell Special Concern
Pyganodon lacustris Lake floater Special Concern
Pyganodon subgibbosa Round lake floater Threatened
Simpsonaias ambigua Salamander mussel Endangered
Toxolasma lividus Purple lilliput Endangered
Toxolasma parvus lilliput Endangered
Truncilla donaciformis Fawnsfoot Threatened
Truncilla truncata Deertoe Special Concern
Utterbackia imbecillis Paper pondshell Special Concern
Venustaconcha ellipsiformis Ellipse Special Concern
Villosa fabalis Rayed bean Endangered Endangered
Villosa iris Rainbow Special Concern

Land and freshwater snails[edit]

A snail shell against a black background
The shell of a crested vertigo, a species of special concern in Michigan

There are 61 species and subspecies of threatened land and freshwater snails in Michigan. Of these, 38 are species of special concern, 10 are listed as threatened and 13 are listed as endangered. No federally listed species of snails have populations in Michigan.

Species Common name State status
Acella haldemani Spindle lymnaea Special Concern
Anguispira kochi Banded globe Special Concern
Appalachina sayanus Spike-lip crater Special Concern
Birgella subglobosus Globe siltsnail Special Concern
Carychium nannodes File thorn Special Concern
Catinella exile Pleistocene catinella Threatened
Catinella gelida No common name Threatened
Catinella protracta No common name Endangered
Cincinnatia cincinnatiensis Campeloma spire snail Special Concern
Discus patulus Domed disc Special Concern
Euchemotrema hubrichti Carinate pillsnail Threatened
Euconulus alderi No common name Threatened
Fontigens nickliniana Watercress snail Special Concern
Fossaria cyclostoma Bugle fossaria Threatened
Fossaria galbana Boreal fossaria Special Concern
Gastrocopta holzingeri Lambda snaggletooth snail Endangered
Glyphyalinia solida No common name Special Concern
Guppya sterkii Sterki's granule Endangered
Hawaiia alachuana Southeastern gem Special Concern
Helicodiscus singleyanus Smooth coil Special Concern
Helisoma anceps royalense Lake Superior ramshorn Special Concern
Hendersonia occulta Cherrystone drop Threatened
Lyogyrus walkeri Canadian duskysnail Special Concern
Mesodon clausus Yellow globelet Special Concern
Mesodon elevatus Proud globe Threatened
Mesodon mitchellianus Sealed globelet Special Concern
Mesodon pennsylvanicus Proud globelet Special Concern
Mesomphix cupreus Copper button Special Concern
Oxyloma peoriense Depressed ambersnail Special Concern
Pallifera fosteri Foster mantleslug Threatened
Philomycus carolinianus Carolina Mantleslug Special Concern
Physella magnalacustris Great Lakes physa Special Concern
Physella parkeri Broadshoulder physa Threatened
Planogyra asteriscus Eastern flat-whorl Special Concern
Planorbella multivolvis Acorn ramshorn Endangered
Planorbella smithi No common name Endangered
Pomatiopsis cincinnatiensis Brown walker Special Concern
Pupilla muscorum Widespread column Special Concern
Pyrgulopsis letsoni Gravel pyrg Special Concern
Stagnicola contracta Deepwater pondsnail Endangered
Stagnicola petoskeyensis Petoskey pondsnail Endangered
Stagnicola woodruffi Coldwater pondsnail Special Concern
Striatura meridionalis Median striate Special Concern
Vallonia gracilicosta albula No common name Endangered
Vallonia parvula Trumpet vallonia Special Concern
Valvata perdepressa Purplecap valvata Special Concern
Valvata winnebagoensis Flanged valvata Special Concern
Ventridens intertextus Pyramid dome Special Concern
Ventridens suppressus Flat dome Special Concern
Vertigo bollesiana Delicate vertigo Threatened
Vertigo cristata Crested vertigo Special Concern
Vertigo elatior Tapered vertigo Special Concern
Vertigo hubrichti Hubricht's vertigo Endangered
Vertigo modesta modesta No common name Endangered
Vertigo modesta parietalis No common name Endangered
Vertigo morsei Six-whorl vertigo Endangered
Vertigo nylanderi Deep-throat vertigo Endangered
Vertigo paradoxa Mystery vertigo Special Concern
Vertigo pygmaea Crested vertigo Special Concern
Vertigo tridentata Honey vertigo Special Concern
Xolotrema denotata Velvet wedge Special Concern

Fingernail and pea clams[edit]

Four views (top, bottom, back and partially opened front) of a clam shell
The European pea clam is a species of special concern in Michigan.

There are seven threatened species of fingernail and pea clams in Michigan, all listed as species of special concern. None of the species with populations in Michigan are federally listed as threatened.

Species Common name State status
Pisidium amnicum Greater European pea clam Special Concern
Pisidium cruciatum Ornamanted pea clam Special Concern
Pisidium equilaterale Round pea clam Special Concern
Pisidium idahoense Giant northern pea clam Special Concern
Pisidium simplex No common name Special Concern
Sphaerium corneum European pea clam Special Concern
Sphaerium fabale River fingernail clam Special Concern

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Under the definition of the Endangered Species Act, a Critical Habitat is a geographic location which provides a feature, such as breeding habitat, nutritional or physiological requirements, or shelter, that is required for the survival of a threatened or endangered species.[5]

References[edit]

General

Specific

  1. ^ a b c "Frequently Asked Questions: The 2009 Revision of the State Endangered Species List". Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  2. ^ a b "Michigan's Special Animals". Michigan State University. Retrieved 2012-07-29. 
  3. ^ "Federally Endangered, Threatened, Proposed and Candidate Species in Michigan" (PDF). US Fish and Wildlife Service. February 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-29. 
  4. ^ "A Partner in Resource Protection". Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  5. ^ "Critical Habitat - What Is It?". US Fish and Wildlife Service. March 6, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-09.