List of threatened species of the Philippines

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This is a list of threatened plant and animal species in the Philippines as classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). It includes Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN), Critically Endangered (CR), and recently Extinct (EX) species. It excludes Near Threatened (NT), Data Deficient (DD), and prehistoric species.[1]

Animals[edit]

The following is a list of animal species classified as threatened:[1][2]

Vulnerable[edit]

Philippine eagle-owl (Bubo philippensis)
Green humphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum)
A baby Philippine flying lemur with mother (Cynocephalus volans)
Philippine flat-headed frog (Barbourula busuangensis)
Binturong (Arctictis binturong)
Philippine hawk-eagle (Nisaetus philippensis)
Whale shark (Rhincodon typus)
Philippine deer (Rusa marianna)
Scientific name Common name(s) Local name(s) Distribution Order
Acanthastrea spp. Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Acerodon leucotis Palawan flying fox Endemic to Palawan and neighboring islands Chiroptera
Acrocephalus sorghophilus Streaked reed-warbler Native to China, Taiwan, and the Philippines Passeriformes
Acropora spp. Table corals Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Actenoides hombroni Blue-capped kingfisher Endemic to Mindanao Coraciiformes
Aetomylaeus nichofii Banded eagle ray Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Myliobatiformes
Aioliops brachypterus Endemic to Miniloc Island and El Nido Island Perciformes
Alcedo argentata Silvery kingfisher Kasay-kasay Endemic to Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Dinagat, Siargao, Mindanao and Basilan Coraciiformes
Alionycteris paucidentata Mindanao pygmy fruit bat Endemic to the Philippines Chiroptera
Alveopora spp. Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Anacropora spp. Briar corals Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Ansonia mcgregori Endemic to Mindanao Anura
Ansonia muelleri Endemic to Mindanao and Dinagat Island Anura
Anthracoceros marchei Palawan hornbill Endemic to the Palawan archipelago Coraciiformes
Anas luzonica Philippine duck Endemic to the Philippines Anseriformes
Anonymomys mindorensis Mindoro climbing rat Endemic to the Philippines Rodentia
Aonyx cinerea Asian small-clawed otter Found in Palawan in the Philippines. Native to South Asia and Southeast Asia Carnivora
Apomys gracilirostris Large Mindoro forest mouse Endemic to Mindoro Rodentia
Apomys sacobianus Long-nosed Luzon forest mouse Endemic to the Philippines Rodentia
Archboldomys luzonensis Mt. Isarog shrew-mouse Endemic to Mt. Isarog, Camarines Sur Rodentia
Arctictis binturong Binturong Binturong Found in Palawan in the Philippines. Native to South Asia and Southeast Asia Carnivora
Argiolestes realensis Endemic to Quezon Province on Luzon Odonata
Astreopora spp. Star corals Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Atherinomorus lineatus Lined silverside Native to Indonesia and the Philippines Atheriniformes
Atrophaneura atropos Endemic to the Philippines Lepidoptera
Atrophaneura schadenbergi Endemic to the Philippines Lepidoptera
Australogyra zelli Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Barabattoia laddi Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Barbourula busuangensis Philippine flat-headed frog Endemic to Busuanga, Culion, and Palawan Anura
Bolbometopon muricatum Humphead parrotfish Native to the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean Perciformes
Boroda expatria Endemic to Lake Manguao, Palawan Perciformes
Bubo philippensis Philippine eagle-owl Kuwago, Bukao, Búho Filipino Endemic to the Philippines Strigiformes
Bullimus gamay Camiguin forest rat Endemic to Camiguin Rodentia
Carcharhinus longimanus Oceanic whitetip shark Global Lamniformes
Carcharodon carcharias Great white shark Global Lamniformes
Catalaphyllia jardinei Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Caulastrea curvata Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Caulastrea echinulata Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Centrophorus squamosus Deepwater spiny dogfish Old World Squaliformes
Ceyx melanurus Philippine dwarf kingfisher Endemic to the eastern Philippines Coraciiformes
Chloropsis flavipennis Philippine leafbird Endemic to Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao. Presumed extinct on Cebu Passeriformes
Coeliccia exoleta Endemic to Mindanao and Camiguin Odonata
Coracina mindanensis Black-bibbed cicadabird Endemic to the Philippines Passeriformes
Coracina ostenta White-winged cuckooshrike Endemic to Panay, Guimaras, and Negros Island Passeriformes
Cromileptes altivelis Pantherfish, humpback grouper Lapu-lapu, Tabadlo, Salingukod, Labungan, Señorita, Baraka Native to South Asia, Southeast Asia, East Asia, and Oceania Perciformes
Crunomys melanius Mindanao shrew rat Endemic to Camiguin, Leyte, and Mindanao Rodentia
Cynocephalus volans Philippine flying lemur Kagwang Endemic to Bohol, Samar, Leyte, Mindanao, and neighboring islands Dermoptera
Cyphastrea agassizi Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western and central Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Cyphastrea ocellina Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western and central Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Dasia griffini Griffin's keel-scaled tree skink Endemic to Palawan and Mindoro Squamata
Dendrocopos ramsayi Sulu woodpecker Endemic to the Sulu Archipelago Piciformes
Dicaeum haematostictum Visayan flowerpecker Endemic to Western Visayas Passeriformes
Dicaeum retrocinctum Scarlet-collared flowerpecker Endemic to Mindoro Passeriformes
Draco mindanensis Mindanao flying dragon Tabili Endemic to Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao and Samar. Squamata
Drepanosticta centrosaurus Endemic to Surigao del Sur and Davao Oriental Odonata
Dryocalamus philippinus Endemic to the Philippines Squamata
Dryophiops philippina Endemic to the Philippines Squamata
Ducula carola Spotted imperial pigeon Endemic to the Philippines Columbiformes
Ducula pickeringii Grey imperial-pigeon Endemic to Palawan, Mindanao and the Sulu archipelago Columbiformes
Dugong dugon Dugong Baboy-dagat, Duyon, Dugong[3] Tropical waters of the Indian and Western Pacific Ocean Sirenia
Echinophyllia costata Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Echinopora ashmorensis Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Ecsenius kurti Endemic to the northern Sulu Sea Perciformes
Egretta eulophotes Chinese egret Native to Southeast Asia and East Asia Ciconiiformes
Emberiza sulphurata Yellow bunting Native to China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, wintering in the Philippines Passeriformes
Epinephelus bruneus Kelp grouper Lapu-lapu Native to China, Vietnam, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines Perciformes
Epinephelus lanceolatus Brindled grouper Lapu-lapu, Bantol, Kugtung, Pugapo Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western and central Pacific Ocean Perciformes
Erythrura viridifacies Green-faced parrotfinch Endemic to Luzon, Panay, and Negros Island Passeriformes
Euphyllia spp. Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Eurylaimus samarensis Visayan broadbill Endemic to Eastern Visayas Passeriformes
Eurylaimus steerii Mindanao broadbill Endemic to Mindanao, Dinagat, Siargao and Basilan Passeriformes
Favites spinosa Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Ficedula basilanica Little slaty flycatcher Endemic to Samar, Leyte, Dinagat, Mindanao and Basilan Passeriformes
Ficedula platenae Palawan flycatcher Endemic to Palawan Passeriformes
Fungia spp. Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Galaxea spp. Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Gallicolumba platenae Mindoro bleeding-heart Kulo-kulo Endemic to Mindoro Columbiformes
Gallirallus calayanensis Calayan rail Piding Endemic to Calayan Island Gruiformes
Gekko ernstkelleri Endemic to Panay Squamata
Gekko gigante Gigante narrow-disked gecko Endemic to the Gigante Islands Squamata
Glaucostegus granulatus Sharpnose Guitarfish Native to South Asia and Southeast Asia Rajiformes
Goniastrea spp. Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Goniopora spp. Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Graphium idaeoides Endemic to the Philippines Lepidoptera
Graphium megaera Endemic to the Philippines Lepidoptera
Grus antigone Sarus crane Extinct in the Philippines. Native to South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Northern Australia Gruiformes
Gynacantha constricta Endemic to Laguna, Luzon Odonata
Haeromys pusillus Lesser Ranee mouse Possibly extinct in the Philippines. Native to Indonesia and Malaysia Rodentia
Halomitra clavator Native to Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, Solomon Islands, and the Philippines Scleractinia
Heliofungia actiniformis Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Heliopora coerulea Blue coral Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Hemigaleus microstoma Sickle fin weasel shark Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Carcharhiniformes
Hemipristis elongata Snaggletooth shark Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Carcharhiniformes
Hippocampus barbouri Barbour's seahorse Native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines Syngnathiformes
Hippocampus comes Tiger tail seahorse Native to Southeast Asia Syngnathiformes
Hippocampus kuda Common seahorse Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Syngnathiformes
Hippocampus spinosissimus Hedgehog seahorse Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Syngnathiformes
Hippocampus trimaculatus Three-spot seahorse Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Syngnathiformes
Hydrophis semperi Lake Taal snake Endemic to Lake Taal Squamata
Hydrosaurus pustulatus Crested lizard Soa-soa Endemic to the northern and central Philippines Squamata
Hylarana igorota Endemic to Cordillera Central, Luzon Anura
Hylarana tipanan Endemic to the Sierra Madres of Luzon Anura
Hypothymis coelestis Celestial blue monarch Endemic to the Philippines Passeriformes
Hystrix pumila Philippine porcupine Endemic to Palawan Rodentia
Idea electra Electra's tree-nymph Endemic to the Philippines Lepidoptera
Isopora spp. Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Isurus oxyrinchus Shortfin Mako Global Lamniformes
Kaloula kalingensis Kalinga narrowmouth toad Endemic to northern Luzon, Polillo, and Palaui Anura
Kaloula rigida Luzon narrowmouth toad Endemic to northern Luzon Anura
Lepidochelys olivacea Olive ridley Global Testudines
Leptastrea aequalis Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Leptoria irregularis Native to the Indian Ocean and the western and central Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Leptoseris spp. Native to the Indian Ocean and the western and central Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Limnonectes acanthi Endemic to Balabac, Busuanga, Culion and Palawan Anura
Limnonectes diuatus Endemic to the Diuata Mountains and Mount Kitanglad in Mindanao Anura
Limnonectes parvus Endemic to Mindanao Anura
Limnonectes visayanus Endemic to Masbate, Cebu, Negros Island, Guimaras, Panay and Siquijor Anura
Lobophyllia spp. Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Mainitia mainitensis Endemic to Lake Mainit, Mindanao Decapoda
Megaerops wetmorei White-collared fruit bat Native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines Chiroptera
Megaptera novaeangliae Humpback whale Balyena Global, stable presence in northern Luzon[4] Cetacea
Megophrys stejnegeri Mindanao horned frog Endemic to Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Samar, and Mindanao Anura
Millepora foveolata Native to the western Pacific Ocean Milleporina
Mimizuku gurneyi Giant scops-owl, lesser eagle-owl Kuwago, Búho De Mindanao Endemic to Samar, Dinagat, Siargao and Mindanao Strigiformes
Montastrea spp. Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Montipora spp. Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Moseleya latistellata Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Muscicapa randi Ashy-breasted flycatcher Endemic to Luzon, Negros Island Passeriformes
Mycedium steeni Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Mydaus marchei Palawan stink badger Endemic to Palawan and Busuanga Carnivora
Nebrius ferrugineus Tawny nurse shark Native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Orectolobiformes
Nemenzophyllia turbida Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Nemipterus virgatus Golden Threadfin Bream Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Perciformes
Nisaetus philippensis Philippine hawk-eagle Aguila-azor Filipina Endemic to Luzon Falconiformes
Otopteropus cartilagonodus Luzon fruit bat Endemic to the Philippines Chiroptera
Phapitreron brunneiceps Mindanao brown dove Endemic to Mindanao and Basilan Columbiformes
Physeter macrocephalus Sperm whale Global Cetacea
Pteropus pumilus Little golden-mantled flying fox Endemic to Visayas, Western Mindanao, and some islands in Indonesia Chiroptera
Pteropus speciosus Philippine gray flying fox Endemic to a few islands in Mindanao and Borneo Chiroptera
Ptilinopus marchei Flame-breasted fruit dove Endemic to Luzon Columbiformes
Rattus mindorensis Mindoro black rat Endemic to the Philippines Rodentia
Rattus tawitawiensis Tawi-tawi forest rat Endemic to the Philippines Rodentia
Rhincodon typus Whale shark Butanding, Balilan, Taluki, Tawiki Tropical waters worldwide; Donsol, Pasacao and Batangas in the Philippines Orectolobiformes
Rhinolophus subrufus Small rufous horseshoe bat Endemic to the Philippines Chiroptera
Rhynchomys isarogensis Isarog shrew rat Endemic to Mt. Isarog, Camarines Sur Rodentia
Rusa marianna Philippine deer Usa Native and threatened in the Philippines. Introduced and common in Guam Artiodactyla
Squalus montalbani Philippine spurdog Philippines, Indonesia, and tropical Australia Squaliformes
Sundasciurus rabori Palawan montane squirrel Endemic to the Philippines Rodentia
Sundasciurus samarensis Samar squirrel Endemic to the Philippines Rodentia
Sus ahoenobarbus Palawan bearded pig Endemic to Balabac, Palawan and the Calamian Islands Artiodactyla
Sus philippensis Philippine warty pig Endemic to Luzon and neighboring islands Artiodactyla
Tarsomys echinatus Spiny long-footed rat Endemic to the Philippines Rodentia
Tupaia palawanensis Palawan treeshrew Endemic to the Philippines Scandentia
Tryphomys adustus Luzon short-nosed rat Endemic to the Philippines Rodentia
Turnix worcesteri Worcester's buttonquail Pugo Endemic to Luzon Charadriiformes
Urogale everetti Mindanao treeshrew Endemic to Mindanao and adjacent small islands Scandentia
Varanus olivaceus Gray's monitor Butaan Endemic to eastern Luzon Catanduanes Polillo and adjacent islands Squamata

Endangered[edit]

Philippine spotted deer (Rusa alfredi)
Green turtle (Chelonia mydas)
A male and female tarictic hornbill (Penelopides panini)
Blue-winged racquet-tail (Prioniturus verticalis)
Palawan horned frog (Megophrys ligayae)
Scientific name Common name(s) Local name(s) Distribution Order
Acerodon jubatus Giant golden-crowned flying fox, golden-capped fruit bat Endemic to the Philippines Chiroptera
Alveopora excelsa Net Coral Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Alveopora minuta Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Anacropora spinosa Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Balaenoptera borealis Sei whale Global Cetacea
Balaenoptera musculus Blue whale Balyena Global Cetacea
Balaenoptera physalus Fin whale Global Cetacea
Batomys russatus Russet batomys, Dinagat hairy-tailed rat Endemic to Dinagat Island Rodentia
Brachymeles makusog Loam swimming skink Endemic to Catanduanes Island and some parts of Bicol Region Squamata
Brachymeles vermis Limbless worm skink Endemic to Sulu Archipelago Squamata
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Global Testudines
Cerberus microlepis Dog-faced water snake Endemic to Lake Buhi and Lake Manapao of the Bicol Peninsula Squamata
Cheilinus undulatus Humphead wrasse Mameng Native to the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean Perciformes
Chelonia mydas Green turtle Pawikan Global Testudines
Copsychus cebuensis Black shama Endemic to Cebu Passeriformes
Crateromys heaneyi Panay cloudrunner, Panay Crateromys Endemic to Panay Rodentia
Crocidura mindorus Mindoro shrew Endemic to Mindoro Soricomorpha
Crocidura negrina Negros shrew Endemic to Negros Island Soricomorpha
Dasycrotapha speciosa Flame-templed babbler Endemic to Panay and Negros Island Passeriformes
Desmalopex leucopterus White-winged flying fox Endemic to the Philippines Chiroptera
Drepanosticta ceratophora Endemic to Palawan and Balabac Odonata
Ducula mindorensis Mindoro imperial pigeon, Mindoro zone-tailed pigeon Endemic to Mindoro Columbiformes
Gorsachius goisagi Japanese night-heron Native to Japan, China, Taiwan, and the Philippines Pelecaniformes
Graphium sandawanum Apo swallowtail Endemic to the Philippines Lepidoptera
Hemicordulia apoensis Endemic to Mount Apo, Mindanao Odonata
Hemitriakis leucoperiptera Whitefin topeshark Endemic to the Philippines Carcharhiniformes
Heosemys spinosa Sunburst turtle, spiny terrapin, spiny turtle, Native to Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore and the Philippines Testudines
Hologerrhum dermali Endemic to Panay Squamata
Hydnophora bonsai Spine coral Native to Japan, Taiwan, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines Scleractinia
Hyelaphus calamianensis Calamian deer, Calamian hog deer, Endemic to the Calamian Group of Islands of Palawan Artiodactyla
Hylarana mangyanum Endemic to Mindoro and Sibay Anura
Ixos siquijorensis Streak-breasted bulbul Endemic to the Philippines Passeriformes
Kaloula kokacii Catanduanes Narrow-mouthed frog Taplang bukid Endemic to Catanduanes Island and some parts of Bicol region Anura
Lithophyllon ranjithi Native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines Scleractinia
Lobophyllia serratus Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Luperosaurus joloensis Jolo flapped-legged gecko Endemic to Mindanao and Jolo Squamata
Luperosaurus macgregori McGregor's flapped-legged gecko Endemic to the Babuyan Islands Squamata
Megophrys ligayae Palawan horned frog Endemic to the Balabac and Palawan Anura
Montipora setosa Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Neostethus thessa Priapium fish Endemic to Lake Mainit, Mindanao Atheriniformes
Nyctimene rabori Philippine tube-nosed fruit bat Endemic to the Visayas Chiroptera
Oligodon meyerinkii Sulu short-headed snake Endemic to the Sulu Archipelago Squamata
Opisthotropis alcalai Gary's mountain keelback Endemic to the Mount Malindang, Zamboanga del Norte Squamata
Ospatulus palaemophagus Sulu short-headed snake Endemic to Lake Lanao Squamata
Papilio chikae Luzon peacock swallowtail) Endemic to the Philippines Lepidoptera
Parantica milagros Milagros' tiger Endemic to the Philippines Lepidoptera
Parantica schoenigi Father Schoenig's chocolate Endemic to the Philippines Lepidoptera
Pectinia maxima Pectinia coral Native to Northern Australia and Southeast Asia Scleractinia
Pelochelys cantorii Frog-faced softshell turtle, Cantor's giant softshell Native to South Asia and Southeast Asia Testudines
Pelophryne albotaeniata Palawan toadlet Endemic to Palawan Anura
Penelopides mindorensis Mindoro hornbill Talusi tirik, Tirik Endemic to Mindoro Coraciiformes
Penelopides panini Visayan hornbill, tarictic hornbill, Ticao tarictic hornbill Tariktik, Talusi, Taosi Less than 1800 individuals remain. Endemic to Visayas. Subspecies on Ticao likely extinct. Coraciiformes
Phapitreron cinereiceps Tawitawi brown dove Endemic to the Sulu Archipelago Columbiformes
Philautus schmackeri Mindoro tree frog Endemic to Mindoro Anura
Philautus surrufus Endemic to Mindanao Anura
Platymantis cagayanensis Endemic to Luzon and Palaui Island Anura
Platymantis hazelae Hazel's forest frog Endemic to Masbate and Negros Island Anura
Platymantis lawtoni Endemic to Romblon, Tablas Island, and the Sibuyan Islands Anura
Platymantis levigatus Endemic to Romblon, Tablas Island, and the Sibuyan Islands Anura
Platymantis negrosensis Negros forest frog Endemic to Panay and Negros Island Anura
Platymantis panayensis Panay forest frog Endemic to Panay Anura
Platymantis polillensis Polilo forest frog Endemic to Polillo Island and the Aurora Province Anura
Platymantis spelaeus Endemic to limestone caves in Negros Island Anura
Platymantis subterrestris Mount Data forest frog Endemic to the central Luzon highlands Anura
Platymantis taylori Endemic to the Sierra Madres of Luzon Anura
Podogymnura aureospinula Dinagat moonrat, Dinagat gymnure Endemic to the Dinagat Islands Erinaceomorpha
Porites eridani Stony coral Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Porites ornata Stony coral Native to the eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean Scleractinia
Pseudorabdion montanum Mountain burrowing snake Endemic to Negros Island Squamata
Prioniturus verticalis Blue-winged racquet-tail Endemic to the Sulu Archipelago Psittaciformes
Ramphotyphlops suluensis Endemic to the Sulu Archipelago Squamata
Rhinocypha hageni Endemic to Jolo Island Odonata
Rhinomyias albigularis White-throated jungle-flycatcher Endemic to western Visayas Passeriformes
Risiocnemis antoniae Endemic to Mindanao Odonata
Rusa alfredi Philippine spotted deer, Visayan spotted deer Endemic to Panay and Negros Island, though formerly found throughout Visayas Artiodactyla
Sphenomorphus biparietalis Sulu Sphenomorphus Endemic to the Sulu Archipelago Squamata
Sphyrna lewini Scalloped Hammerhead Global Carcharhiniformes
Sphyrna mokarran Great hammerhead shark Global Carcharhiniformes
Stachyris nigrorum Negros striped-babbler, Negros tree-babbler Endemic to Negros Island Passeriformes
Sulcosticta striata Endemic to Luzon Odonata
Sundathelphusa sottoae Endemic to Bohol Decapoda
Sus oliveri Oliver's warty pig Endemic to Mindoro Artiodactyla
Tragulus nigricans Philippine mouse-deer, Balabac mouse deer Pilandok Endemic to Balabac and nearby islands in southwest Palawan Artiodactyla
Tringa guttifer Spotted greenshank, Nordmann's greenshank Native to Asia Charadriiformes
Varanus mabitang Panay monitor lizard Mabitang Endemic to Panay Squamata

Critically Endangered[edit]

Rufous-headed hornbill (Aceros waldeni)
Red-vented cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia)
Philippine crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis)
Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)
Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi)
Philippine forest turtle (Siebenrockiella leytensis)
Scientific name Common name(s) Local name(s) Distribution
Aceros waldeni Rufous-headed hornbill, Visayan wrinkled hornbill, Walden's hornbill, writhed-billed hornbill Kalaw Endemic to Panay, small concentrations on the southwestern end of the province of Zamboanga del Norte in Mindanao, may already be extinct on Negros, extinct on Guimaras
Anoxypristis cuspidata Knifetooth sawfish, narrow sawfish, pointed sawfish Native to the western Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean
Brachymeles cebuensis Cebu small worm skink Endemic to Cebu
Bubalus mindorensis Tamaraw, Mindoro dwarf buffalo, Tamarou Tamaraw 263 individuals in 2008. Being captive bred. Endemic to Mindoro
Cacatua haematuropygia Red-vented cockatoo, Philippine cockatoo Katala, Kalangay Around 180 individuals left in the wild in Palawan. Being captive bred. Formerly widespread in the Philippines
Centropus steerii Black-hooded coucal Endemic to Mindoro
Cephalakompsus pachycheilus Possibly extinct. Endemic to Lake Lanao
Crateromys australis Dinagat bushy-tailed cloud rat, Dinagat Crateromys Endemic to the Dinagat Islands, populations might also exist in Siargao and Bucas Grande
Crateromys paulus Ilin Island cloudrunner No sightings since 1953. Possibly extinct. Endemic to Ilin Island.
Crocodylus mindorensis Philippine crocodile, Mindoro crocodile, Philippine freshwater crocodile Less than 100 adults believed to survive in 1992. Endemic to the Philippines
Dobsonia chapmani Philippine bare-backed fruit bat, Philippine naked-backed fruit bat Rediscovered in 2000 after presumed extinct in the 1970s. Survives in very small numbers in Cebu and Negros Island
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill sea turtle Pawikan Global
Gallicolumba keayi Negros bleeding-heart Endemic to Panay and Negros Island
Gallicolumba luzonica Luzon bleeding heart Kalapating gubat,punalada,kalapating dugong puso Luzon Island,Polillo Island
Gallicolumba luzonica rubiventris Catanduanes bleeding heart Agbaan Catanduanes Island, Possibly extinct
Gallicolumba menagei Sulu bleeding-heart Sighting reports in 1995. Endemic to the Sulu Archipelago
Gallicolumba platenae Mindoro bleeding-heart Kulo-kulo Largest remaining population in Mount Siburan, Mindoro
Hampala lopezi Endemic to the Philippines
Helicostyla smargadina Endemic to the Philippines
Lycodon chrysoprateros Ross' wolf snake Endemic to Dalupiri Island, Cagayan Province. Possible specimens collected from Calayan and Camiguin Norte
Mandibularca resinus Bagangan Bagangan Endemic to Lake Lanao
Orcaella brevirostris Irrawaddy dolphin Native to Southeast Asia and Northern Australia
Oriolus isabellae Isabela oriole, Isabella oriole Estimated at less than 250 individuals remaining. Endemic to Luzon
Ospatulus truncatus Bitungu Bitungu Endemic to Lake Lanao
Pandaka pygmaea Dwarf pygmy goby Bia, Tabios Possibly extinct in the Philippines after land reclamation projects of the Malabon River habitat. Populations reported in Indonesia and Singapore
Parantica davidi David's tiger Endemic to the Philippines
Phloeomys cumingi Southern Luzon giant tailed cloud rat Endemic to Catanduanes Island and Southern Luzon
Pithecophaga jefferyi Philippine eagle Haribon 180 to 500 birds are believed to survive. Currently being captive bred. Endemic to the Philippines
Platymantis insulatus Endemic to the South Gigante Island, Iloilo Province
Pristis microdon Largetooth sawfish, freshwater sawfish, Leichhardt's sawfish, smalltooth sawfish Endemic to the western Pacific and the Indian Ocean
Protosticta plicata Endemic to Kawasan Falls in Cebu
Ptilinopus arcanus Negros fruit dove No sightings since 1953. Possibly extinct. Endemic to Negros Island
Puntius amarus Pait Pait Endemic to Lake Lanao
Puntius baoulan Baolan Baolan Endemic to Lake Lanao
Puntius clemensi Bagangan Bagangan Endemic to Lake Lanao
Puntius disa Disa Disa Endemic to Lake Lanao
Puntius flavifuscus Katapa-tapa Katapa-tapa Endemic to Lake Lanao
Puntius herrei Endemic to Lake Lanao
Puntius katalo Katolo Katolo Endemic to Lake Lanao
Puntius lanaoensis Kandar Kandar Endemic to Lake Lanao
Puntius manalak Manalak Manalak Endemic to Lake Lanao
Puntius tras Tras Tras Endemic to Lake Lanao
Risiocnemis seidenschwarzi Palata Palata Endemic to Cebu
Siebenrockiella leytensis Philippine forest turtle, Philippine pond turtle, Palawan turtle, Leyte pond turtle Recently rediscovered. Endemic to Palawan
Spratellicypris palata Palata Palata Endemic to Lake Lanao
Sus cebifrons Visayan warty pig One subspecies believed to be extinct. Surviving subspecies endemic to Panay and Negros Island. Being captive bred in the Netherlands and California

Extinct[edit]

Scientific name Common name(s) Local name(s) Distribution Order
Acerodon lucifer Panay giant fruit bat Declared extinct in 1996. Formerly endemic to Panay Chiroptera

Plants[edit]

The following is a list of plant species classified as threatened:[1][5]

Vulnerable[edit]

Scientific name Common name(s) Local name(s) Distribution
Aerides leeanum Endemic to Luzon and Samar
Agathis philippinensis Almaciga, Dayungon Almaciga, Dayungon Endemic to the Philippines, Sulawesi and Halmahera
Aglaia aherniana Endemic to the Philippines
Aglaia angustifolia Native to the Philippines, Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, and Malaysia
Aglaia costata Endemic to the Philippines
Aglaia cumingiana Native to the Philippines and northern Borneo
Aglaia pyriformis Endemic to Luzon
Aglaia smithii Endemic to Indonesia and the Philippines
Alangium longiflorum Endemic to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Areca parens Takobtob Endemic to the Philippines
Adenanthera intermedia Endemic to the Philippines
Antidesma obliquinervium Endemic to Palawan
Antidesma subolivaceum Endemic to Palawan
Aphanamixis cumingiana Endemic to the Philippines
Aporusa elliptifolia Endemic to Palawan
Aquilaria cumingiana Endemic to East Kalimantan, the Moluccas and the Philippines
Aquilaria malaccensis Agarwood, Aloewood, Eaglewood, Lign-aloes Native to South Asia and Southeast Asia
Ardisia squamulosa Endemic to the Philippines
Areca ipot Ipot palm Endemic to southern Luzon
Areca whitfardii Endemic to Luzon and Mindoro
Arthrophyllum pulgarense Endemic to Palawan
Artocarpus blancoi Endemic to the Philippines
Artocarpus rubrovenus Endemic to the Philippines
Artocarpus treculianus Endemic to the Philippines
Avicennia rumphiana Native to Southeast Asia
Mangifera altissima Pahutan/Paho mango Native to Southeast Asia

Endangered[edit]

Scientific name Common name(s) Local name(s) Distribution
Aerides lawrenciae Endemic to Mindanao and Leyte
Amesiella philippensis Endemic to Luzon and Mindoro
Anisoptera costata Native to Southeast Asia
Camptostemon philippinense Native to Indonesia and the Philippines
Cryptocarya palawanensis Endemic to Palawan
Cycas riuminiana Chamberlain's cycad, Arayat Pitogo Pitogo Endemic to Luzon
Diospyros philippinensis Native to the Philippines, possibly present in Borneo
Dipterocarpus alatus Native to Southeast Asia
Drepanolejeunea bakeri Endemic to Luzon
Gloeocarpus patentivalvis Endemic to Luzon, Mindanao, Samar, and Leyte
Guioa acuminata Endemic to Luzon and Polilo
Guioa discolor Malaalahan Endemic to Luzon and Samar
Guioa myriadenia Endemic to Luzon
Guioa truncata Endemic to Mindanao
Horsfieldia obscurineria Endemic to Luzon
Kibatalia puberula Endemic to Samar
Kibatalia stenopetala Endemic to Luzon and Mindanao
Mangifera monandra Endemic to Luzon, Samar, Leyte, Ticae and Quimaras.
Merrilliobryum fabronioides Endemic to Luzon
Nepenthes bellii Endemic to Dinagat and Mindanao
Nepenthes truncata Endemic to Dinagat, Leyte, and Mindanao
Paphiopedilum ciliolare Endemic to Luzon, Mindanao, Camiguin, and Dinagat Island
Phalaenopsis lindenii Endemic to Luzon
Podocarpus costalis Endemic to the Philippines and Taiwan
Prunus pulgarensis Endemic to Palawan and Luzon
Prunus rubiginosa Endemic to the Luzon, Mindoro, Sibuyan and Mindanao
Schefflera agamae Endemic to the Palawan
Schefflera albido-bracteata Endemic to Mindanao
Schefflera curranii Endemic to the Palawan
Schefflera palawanensis Endemic to the Palawan
Shorea ovata Dark red meranti Native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Vanda javierae Endemic to Calayan Island and Cagayan Province
Vanda scandens Endemic to Mindanao and Palawan
Vatica mangachapoi Native to Southeast Asia
Vatica maritima Native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines

Critically Endangered[edit]

Kris plant (Alocasia sanderiana) in Bukidnon
Scientific name Common name(s) Local name(s) Distribution
Alocasia atropurpurea Endemic to Luzon highlands
Alocasia sanderiana Sander's Alocasia, Kris plant Endemic to Bukidnon, Catanduanes and Misamis Occidental, Philippines. Cultivated as an ornamental.
Alocasia sinuata Endemic to Samar
Amesiella monticola Endemic to Luzon
Ascoglossum calopterum Endemic to Dinagat Island
Ceratocentron fesselii Endemic to Nueva Ecija
Cryptocarya elliptifolia Found to Lanyu Island in Taiwan, unknown status in the Philippines
Cycas curranii Curran's Pitogo Endemic to Palawan and Mindoro
Cycas wadei Wade’s Pitogo Endemic to Culion Island
Cycas zambalensis Endemic to Zambales
Dendrobium schuetzei Endemic to Northeastern Mindanao
Dipterocarpus eurynchus Native to Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Dipterocarpus gracilis Native to South Asia and Southeast Asia
Dipterocarpus grandiflorus Apitong Possibly extinct. New sightings in Catanduanes' Gigmoto Forest reserve has to be confirmed. Native to South Asia and Southeast Asia
Dipterocarpus hasseltii Native to Southeast Asia
Dipterocarpus kerrii Native to South Asia and Southeast Asia
Dipterocarpus kunstleri Native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Dipterocarpus validus Native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Gastrochilus calceolaris Endemic to Benguet
Gongrospermum philippinense Endemic to Luzon
Guioa palawanica Endemic to Palawan
Guioa parvifoliola Endemic to Ilocos Norte
Guioa reticulata Endemic to Luzon. No reported collections since the 1960s-1970s
Hopea acuminata Endemic to the Philippines
Hopea basilanica Endemic to the Philippines
Hopea brachyptera Endemic to the Mindanao
Hopea cagayanensis Endemic to northeast Luzon
Hopea malibato Dalingdingan Endemic to the Philippines
Hopea mindanensis Possibly already extinct. Endemic to the Philippines
Hopea philippinensis Endemic to the Philippines
Hopea plagata Saplungan, Yakal saplungan Native to Malaysia, and the Philippines
Hopea quisumbingiana Endemic to the Samar
Hopea samarensis Endemic to the Philippines
Kibatalia longifolia Malapasnit Endemic to Davao
Paphiopedilum adductum Endemic to the Mindanao
Paphiopedilum fowliei Endemic to the Palawan
Paphiopedilum urbanianum Endemic to the Mindoro
Parashorea malaanonan White lauan, white seraya Apnit, Bagtikan Native to Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Phalaenopsis micholitzii Endemic to Camarines Sur and Zamboanga
Podocarpus palawanensis Endemic to Pagdanan Range of Palawan
Rafflesia magnifica Endemic to Mt. Candalaga, Compostela Valley of Mindanao
Shorea almon Light red meranti, Philippine mahogany (U.S. timber trade), white lauan Almon Native to Malaysia, and the Philippines
Shorea astylosa Yakal Endemic to Catanduanes and other Philippine islands
Shorea contorta White lauan Endemic to the Philippines
Shorea falciferoides Yakal yamban Native to Indonesia and the Philippines
Shorea guiso Hasselt’s guijo, red balau Native to Southeast Asia
Shorea hopeifolia Yellow meranti Native to Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines
Shorea malibato Endemic to the Philippines
Shorea negrosensis Red lauan Endemic to the Philippines
Shorea palosapis Philippine mahogany (U.S. timber trade), white lauan Mayapis Endemic to the Philippines
Shorea polysperma Tangile Endemic to the Philippines
Shorea seminis Native to Malaysia, and the Philippines
Tectona philippinensis Philippine teak Endemic to Luzon and Iling Island
Vatica elliptica Considered to be very close to extinction. Endemic to Mt. Kaladis, Zamboanga del Sur
Vatica pachyphylla Endemic to eastern Luzon and Polillo Island

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1.
  2. ^ "Animal Info - Philippines". Animal Info - Endangered Animals. 
  3. ^ "Ocean Ambassadors - Dugong". OneOcean. 
  4. ^ Jo Marie V. Acebes (2009). "Historical whaling in the Philippines: origins of ‘indigenous subsistence whaling’, mapping whaling grounds and comparison with current known distribution: a HMAP Asia Project Paper" (PDF). Working Paper No. 161 (Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University, National Library of Australia). ISSN 1037-4612. 
  5. ^ Edwino S. Fernando, Leonardo L. Co, Daniel A. Lagunzad, William Sm. Gruèzo, Julie F. Barcelona, Domingo A. Madulid, Aida B. Lapis, Gregorio I. Texon, Antonio C. Manila, and Prescillano M. Zamora (2008). "Threatened plants of the Philippines - a preliminary assessment". Philippine Plant Conservation Committee, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Republic of the Philippines. 

External links[edit]