List of titles and honours of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

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Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born 10 June 1921), has received numerous titles, decorations, and honorary appointments, both during and before his time as consort to Queen Elizabeth II. Each is listed below. Where two dates are shown, the first indicates the date of receiving the title or award (the title as Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark being given as from his birth) and the second indicates the date of its loss, renunciation or when its use was discontinued.

Royal and noble titles and styles[edit]

  • 10 June 1921 – 28 February 1947: His Royal Highness Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark
  • 28 February 1947 – 19 November 1947: Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten
  • 19 November 1947 – 20 November 1947: His Royal Highness Sir Philip Mountbatten[1]
  • 20 November 1947 – 22 February 1957: His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh[1]
  • 22 February 1957 – present: His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh[2]

The Prince's style and title in full: His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth, Baron Greenwich, Royal Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Extra Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, Grand Master and First and Principal Knight Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, Member of the Order of Merit, Companion of the Order of Australia, Additional Member of the Order of New Zealand, Extra Companion of the Queen's Service Order, Royal Chief of the Order of Logohu, Extraordinary Companion of the Order of Canada, Extraordinary Commander of the Order of Military Merit,[3] Canadian Forces Decoration, Lord of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Privy Councillor of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty, Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom.[citation needed]

Debate on Philip's titles[edit]

On the popular, but erroneous, assumption that if Philip had the style of His Royal Highness he was automatically a British prince, media reports after his marriage to Princess Elizabeth referred to a Prince Philip, with or without reference to his ducal title. This may have been influenced by the fact that he had actually been a Prince of Greece and Denmark by birth, the use of which titles he had renounced by that time. Although the princely title was omitted in the British Regency Act 1953, and in Letters Patent of November 1953 appointing Counsellors of State, it had been included in Letters Patent of 22 October 1948 conferring princely rank on children from Philip's marriage to Elizabeth. King George VI, however, appeared to have been clear and intentional in having withheld the title of prince from his future son-in-law.[N 1]

On 3 February 1953, Member of Parliament John Diefenbaker expressed to the Canadian House of Commons his desire to see Philip bear a title that alluded to the Queen's pan-national position and put forward the suggestion of Prince of the Commonwealth.[5] In May of the following year, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Winston Churchill received a written suggestion from the Queen that her husband be granted the title that Diefenbaker had mentioned, or some other suitable augmentation of his style. Churchill preferred the title Prince Consort, but the Foreign Secretary, Sir Anthony Eden, expressed a preference for Prince of the Realm. While the Commonwealth prime ministers were assembled in London, Churchill was requested by the Queen to informally solicit their opinions on the matter of the Queen's husband's title. Canadian Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent was the only one to express "misgivings," while Philip insisted to the Queen that he objected to any enhancement of his title. The Queen thereafter contacted Churchill and told him to drop the matter.[4] In 1955, the South African prime minister JG Strijdom belatedly made it known that the South African Cabinet objected to the title Prince of the Commonwealth. When told, the Queen continued to express the wish that her husband's position be raised, but rejected the British Cabinet's recommendations of Prince Consort or Prince Royal. The British Cabinet then suggested simply His Royal Highness the Prince, but the Queen was advised that if she still preferred Prince of the Commonwealth, her personal secretary could write directly to the Commonwealth governors-general for their response, though warning that if their consent was not unanimous the proposal could not go forward.

The matter appeared left until the publication on 8 February 1957 of an article by P. Wykeham-Bourne in the Evening Standard titled: "Well, is it correct to say Prince Philip?" A few days following, British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan reversed the advice of the Queen's previous ministers and formally recommended that the Queen reject The Prince in favour of Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Her other Realms and Territories. Later he changed this advice, although the Queen had already consented. Letters patent were issued on 22 February 1957 giving the Duke the style and titular dignity of a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (omitting the wording and Her other Realms and Territories). According to the announcement in the London Gazette, he should henceforth be known as His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh,[6] with the capitalised definite article normally restricted to the children of monarchs.[4]

There was some media speculation in early 2007 that the title of Prince Consort might be conferred to mark the royal couple's 60th wedding anniversary in November that year; however, this did not occur.

At the marriage of Philip's youngest son, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, in 1999, it was announced that Edward would be created Duke of Edinburgh when the current creation of that dukedom merges into the Crown.[7][8] However, the enactment of this stated intention would ultimately depend upon the assent of the reigning monarch at that time.

Naval ranks[edit]

Commonwealth of Nations honours[edit]

Commonwealth realms[edit]

Appointments
Country Date Appointment Post-nominal letters
 England 19 November 1947 – Royal Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter[W 1] KG[9]
United Kingdom British Empire and Commonwealth 10 June 1948 – 6 February 1952 Personal Aide-de-Camp to His Majesty The King[W 2] AdC(P)
 United Kingdom 4 November 1951 – Lord of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council PC
 Scotland 21 April 1952 – Extra Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle[W 3] KT
 United Kingdom 22 May 1953 – Grand Master and First and Principal Knight Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire[W 4] GBE
 Canada 14 October 1957 – Privy Councillor of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada PC
Commonwealth realms 10 June 1968 Member of the Order of Merit[W 5] OM
 New Zealand 15 November 1981 Extra Companion of the Queen's Service Order[W 6] QSO
 Australia 13 June 1988 – Companion of the Order of Australia[W 7] (Military Division) AC
 Papua New Guinea 2005 – Royal Chief of the Order of Logohu GCL[10]
 New Zealand 4 June 2012 Additional Member of the Order of New Zealand ONZ[11][12]
 Canada 26 April 2013 Extraordinary Companion of the Order of Canada CC[3][13]
 Canada 26 April 2013 Extraordinary Commander of the Order of Military Merit CMM[3][13]
Decorations and medals
Country Date Decoration Post-nominal letters
British Empire and Commonwealth 1937 King George VI Coronation Medal[W 8]
 United Kingdom 1945 1939–1945 Star[W 8]
 United Kingdom 1945 Atlantic Star[W 8]
 United Kingdom 1945 Africa Star[W 8]
 United Kingdom 1945 Burma Star, with Pacific clasp[W 8]
 United Kingdom 1945 Italy Star[W 8]
 United Kingdom 2013 Arctic Star Crossed the Arctic Circle Aboard HMS Whelp in 1944
 United Kingdom 1945 1939-45 War Medal, with Mentioned in Despatches oak leaf[W 8]
Commonwealth 2 June 1953 Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal[W 8]
Commonwealth realms 1977 Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal[W 8]
 Canada 1954[14] Canadian Forces Decoration, with Four Bars[W 8] CD[15][16]
 New Zealand 1990 New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal[W 8]
Commonwealth realms 2002 Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal[W 8]
 Saskatchewan 2005 Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan
Commonwealth realms 2007 Royal Victorian Chain[W 9]
Commonwealth realms 2012 Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal[W 8] (both the British and Canadian versions)

Other Commonwealth countries[edit]

Appointments
Country Date Appointment Post-nominal letters
 Zanzibar 1963 – Member First Class of the Order of the Brilliant Star
 Maldives 13 March 1972 – Member of the Most Distinguished Order of Izzuddin NIIV
 Singapore 1972 – Honorary Member of the Darjah Utama Temasek DUT(1)
 Brunei 1972 – Member First Class of the Esteemed Royal Family Order DK
Decorations
Country Date Decoration Post-nominal letters
 Brunei 1992 Sultan of Brunei Silver Jubilee Medal
 Malta 1992 Malta George Cross Fiftieth Anniversary Medal[W 8]

Foreign honours[edit]

Orders

Country Date Appointment Post-nominal letters
 Greece 1941 – Collar of the Royal Family Order of Saints George and Constantine with swords KSGC
 Greece 1947 – Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Redeemer GCR
 Denmark 16 November 1947 – Knight of the Order of the Elephant RE
 Greece 1950 – 1975[N 2] Knight Grand Cross with Swords of the Royal Order of George I GCGI
 Greece 1950 – Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Phoenix GCP
 Monaco 1951 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Charles
 Norway 1952 – Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav
 Panama 29 November 1953 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Manuel Amador Guerrero
 Sweden 1954 – Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim RSerafO
 Ethiopia 1954 – Knight Grand Cross with Chain of the Order of the Queen of Sheba
 Portugal 1955 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword GCTS
 Iraq 1956 – Member First Class of the Order of King Faisal I
 France 9 April 1957 – Knight Grand Cross of the National Order of the Legion of Honour
 Italy 1958 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic
 Netherlands 26 March 1958 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
 Germany 1958 – Member First Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
   Nepal 1960 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Ojaswi Rajanya
 Finland 1961 – Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose SVR SR
 Tunisia 1961 – Grand Cordon of the Order of Independence
 Liberia 23 November 1961 – Knight Grand Band of the Order of the Star of Africa
 Colombia 1962 – Knight Grand Cross Extraordinary of the Order of Boyaca
 Ecuador 1962 – Knight Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit
 Peru 1962 – Knight Grand Cross in Brilliants of the Order of the Sun
 Bolivia 1962 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Condor of the Andes
 Chile 1962 – Collar of the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit
 Brazil 1962 – Knight Grand Cross of the National Order of the Southern Cross
 Paraguay 1962 – Knight Grand Cross Extraordinary of the National Order of Merit
 Argentina 1962 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin
 Belgium 1963 – Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold
 Iceland 1963 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon
 Mexico 1964 – Collar of the Order of the Aztec Eagle
 Jordan 1966 – Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance
 United States 1968 – Grand Commander of the Order of Maritime Merit of the San Francisco Port Authority
 Afghanistan 1971 – Member First Class of the Order of the Supreme Sun
 Japan 1971 – Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum
 Luxembourg 1972 – Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau
 Yugoslavia 19 October 1972 – 1992 Yugoslav Great Star of the Order of the Yugoslav Star
 Palestine 1972 – Star of Palestine [17]
 Zaire 1973 – Grand Cordon of the National Order of the Leopard
 Portugal 31 May 1973 – Grand Collar of the Order of the Infante Dom Henrique GCIH
 Netherlands 1979 – Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the Golden Ark
 Oman 27 February 1979 – Member First Class of the Military Order of Oman
 Qatar 22 February 1979 – Collar of the Order of Independence
 Portugal 14 August 1979 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Aviz GCA
 Morocco 29 October 1980 – Member Special Class of the Order of Muhammad
 Spain 19 October 1986 – Knight Grand Cross of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Carlos III
 Poland 1991 – Grand Cordon of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
 Portugal 27 April 1993 – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Christ (Portugal) GCC
 United Arab Emirates 2010 – Order of the Federation[18]
 Saudi Arabia 2010 ? – Member of the Distinguished First Class of the King Abdul Aziz Order of Merit[19]
Decorations
Country Date Decoration Post-nominal letters
 Greece 1945 Greek War Cross[W 8]
 France 1945 Croix de Guerre with Palm[W 8]
 Sudan 1964 Decoration of the Republic, First Class
 Austria 1966 Decoration for Service to the Republic of Austria, Grand Star
 Iran 14 October 1971 Commemorative Medal of the 2500th Anniversary of the founding of the Persian Empire[20][21]

Wear of orders, decorations and medals[edit]

Awards worn regularly by Prince Philip are noted in the above tables and are worn in accordance with customary British conventions applicable to the occasion, the location and to the form of dress worn. Awards not specifically noted are worn by Prince Philip on appropriate occasions relating to the country that made the award, again in accordance with UK conventions. The current ribbons worn by Prince Philip are as follows:[W 10]

Order of Merit (Commonwealth realms) ribbon.png Order of the British Empire (Military).jpg Order of Australia (Military) ribbon.png Order of New Zealand ribbon.png

Order of Canada (CC) ribbon bar.png Order of Military Merit (Canada) ribbon (CMM).jpg QueenServiceRibbon.png 1939-45 Star.png

Atlantic Star ribbon.png Africa Star.png Burma Star w clasp BAR.svg Italy Star ribbon.png

War Medal 39-45 BAR MID.png GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png ElizabethIICoronationRibbon.png Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee Medal 1977 Ribbon.gif

Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal 2002 Ribbon.gif QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon.png CD-ribbon and 4 bars.png New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal ribbon.png

Malta George Cross Fiftieth Anniversary Medal Ribbon.png National Order of the Southern Cross K R.jpg Greek War Cross 1940 3rd class ribbon.png Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with palm (France) - ribbon bar.png

Order of Merit Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
Order of Australia
(Military Division)
Order of New Zealand
Order of Canada Order of Military Merit Queen's Service Order 1939–45 Star
Atlantic Star Africa Star Burma Star
with "Pacific" clasp
Italy Star
1939-45 War Medal
with Mention in Despatches
King George VI
Coronation Medal
Queen Elizabeth II
Coronation Medal
Queen Elizabeth II
Silver Jubilee Medal
Queen Elizabeth II
Golden Jubilee Medal
Queen Elizabeth II
Diamond Jubilee Medal
Canadian Forces Decoration
with four bars
New Zealand 1990
Commemoration Medal
Malta George Cross
Fiftieth Anniversary Medal
Royal Order of the Redeemer (Greece) Greek War Cross (1940) Croix de Guerre 1939-45
with Bronze Palm

Notes on wear

  1. ^ The insignia of a Knight of the Order of the Garter are regularly worn by Prince Philip on occasions when orders and decorations are worn, other than in Scotland where he wears the insignia of a Knight of the Order of the Thistle in preference when wearing a form of dress in which full-size or miniature medals are worn with only one breast star. Not worn when ribbons alone are worn.
  2. ^ The insignia of an ADC to King George VI are worn by Prince Philip on the epaulettes when wearing UK military uniforms
  3. ^ The insignia of a Knight of the Order of the Thistle are regularly worn by Prince Philip on occasions when orders and decorations are worn, other than when wearing a form of dress in which full-size or miniature medals are worn with less than two breast stars (when he wears the insignia of the Order of the Garter in preference). In Scotland, if only one breast star is worn, he wears the insignia for the Order of the Thistle in lieu of the Order of the Garter. Not worn when ribbons alone are worn.
  4. ^ The insignia of a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire are regularly worn by Prince Philip on all occasions when orders and decorations are worn, other than when wearing a dress in which full size medals are worn with less than three breast stars.
  5. ^ The insignia of a Member of the Order of Merit are regularly worn by Prince Philip on all occasions when orders and decorations are worn.
  6. ^ The insignia of the Queen's Service Order is usually worn by Prince Philip on occasions when decorations are worn. There are some occasions when he wears other decorations but not the insignia of the QSO in the United Kingdom.
  7. ^ The insignia of a Companion of the Order of Australia are normally only worn by Prince Philip in miniature with evening dress or when ribbons are worn alone.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p These awards are those that Prince Philip regularly wears on occasions when decorations and medals are worn.
  9. ^ The Royal Victorian Chain is worn by Prince Philip on all occasions customary for it to be worn.
  10. ^ Displayed as they would be worn on a uniform shirt. Note an oakleaf is worn on the ribbon of the War Medal and a Palm leaf is worn on the ribbon of the French Croix de Guerre.

Honorary military positions[edit]

Australia Australia
Canada Canada
Prince Philip as Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Canadian Regiment, April 2013
New Zealand New Zealand
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Non-national titles and honours[edit]

Citizenship[edit]

Freedom of the City[edit]

Commonwealth realms
Foreign

Member and fellowships[edit]

Country Date Organisation Position
 United Kingdom 1951 – Royal Society Honorary Fellow (FRS)
 United Kingdom 1952 – Royal College of Physicians Honorary Fellow

(FRCP Hon.)

 United Kingdom 1952 – Institution of Civil Engineers Honorary Member[25]
 Canada 1957 – Royal Society of Canada Honorary Fellow (FRSC)
 United Kingdom 1958 – Chartered Institute of Building Honorary Fellow (FCIOB)
 United Kingdom 1958 – Institution of Structural Engineers Honorary Fellow (FIStructE)[26]
 Australia 1962 – Australian Academy of Science Honorary Fellow (FAA)
 United Kingdom 1963 – Energy Institute Permanent Fellow
 Scotland 1963 – Royal Zoological Society of Scotland Honorary Fellow
 Australia 1969 – Australian Institute of Building Honorary Member
 Canada 2002 – Massey College Honorary Fellow[27]
 British Columbia n/a Vancouver Racquets Club Honorary Member
 Canada n/a Canadian Medical Association Honorary Member
 Canada n/a British Railway Modellers of North America Honorary Member
 Canada n/a College of Family Physicians Canada Honorary Member
 Canada n/a Engineering Institute of Canada Honorary Member
 Canada n/a Loyal Canadian Prince Club Honorary Member
 Canada n/a Porcupine Rod and Gun Club Honorary Life Member
 England n/a Royal College of Surgeons of England Honorary Fellow (FRCS)
 England n/a King's Lynn Rotary Club Honorary Member
 England n/a Zoological Society of London Honorary Fellow
 Ontario n/a Toronto Press Club Honorary Member
 Ontario n/a Toronto Club Honorary Life Member
 Quebec n/a Royal Montreal Curling Club Honorary Life Member
 Quebec n/a University Club of Montreal Honorary Member
 Quebec n/a Fondation de la Faune du Québec Honorary Member
 Saskatchewan n/a South Saskatchewan Wildlife Association Honorary Life Member
 Scotland n/a Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh Honorary Fellow

(FRCS(Edin))

 United Kingdom n/a Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology Honorary Fellow
 United Kingdom n/a Royal Association of British Dairy Farmers Honorary Life Member
 United Kingdom n/a Naval and Military Club London Life President

Scholastic[edit]

Chancellor, visitor, governor, and fellowships
Country Date School Position
 Scotland 1952 – 2011[28] University of Edinburgh Chancellor
 England 1953 – University College, University of Oxford Honorary Fellow
 England 1953 – Charterhouse School Royal Governor
 England 1954 – King's College London Life Governor
 Ontario 1955 – Upper Canada College Visitor
 England 1957 – 2004 University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology Visitor
 United Kingdom 1957 – English-Speaking Union President
 England 1959 – Churchill College, University of Cambridge Visitor
 England 1967 – 1990 University of Salford Chancellor
 England 1976 – 2011[29] University of Cambridge Chancellor
 England 1976 – Corpus Christi College, University of Cambridge Visitor
Degrees
Country Date School Degree
 Wales 1949 University of Wales Doctor of Laws (LLD)
 England 1951 University of London Doctor of Laws (LLD)
 England 1951 Durham University Doctor of Civil Law (DCL)
 England 1957 Reading University Doctor of Science (DSc)
 Malta 1959 University of Malta Doctor of Laws (LLD)
 India 1959 University of Delhi Doctor of Science (DSc)
 Peru 1962 University of Lima Doctor of Engineering (DEng)
 England 1964 University of Oxford Doctor of Civil Law (DCL)
 California 1966 University of California Doctor of Laws (LLD)
 England 1967 University of Salford Doctor of Science (DSc)
 England 1967 University of Southampton Doctor of Science (DSc)
 British Columbia 1969 University of Victoria Doctor of Science (DSc)
 Ontario 1983 University of Western Ontario Doctor of Laws (LLD)
 Jordan 1984 University of Jordan Doctor of Laws (LLD)

Honorific eponyms[edit]

Further information: Royal eponyms in Canada

Awards[edit]

Geographic locations[edit]

Structures[edit]

Buildings[edit]

Highways, roads, and bridges[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Home Office, Whitehall. S.W.1. 28 February 1955. "My dear George {Coldstream, Clerk of the Crown in Chancery}, We were speaking the other day about the designation of the Duke of Edinburgh. In 1948 the General Register Office consulted us about the way in which the birth of Prince Charles was to be registered. They sent over a suggested entry, in column 4 of which (name and surname of father) they had inserted: 'His Royal Highness Prince Philip'. I consulted {Sir Alan} Lascelles {principal private secretary to the King} on this and he laid my letter before The King, together with the draft entry, I have in my possession the entry, as amended by The King in his own hand. The King amended column 4, name and surname of father, to read: 'His Royal Highness Philip, Duke of Edinburgh'. Austin Strutt {assistant under-secretary of State}"[4]
  2. ^ Abolished after the abolition of the Greek monarchy in 1974.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 38128. p. 5495. 21 November 1947. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 41009. p. 1209. 22 February 1957. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "Governor General Presents Canadian Honours to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh". Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Velde, François. "Title of Prince: HRH Philip Duke of Edinburgh". Royal styles and titles: Files from the UK National Archives. Retrieved 5 September 2006. 
  5. ^ Bousfield, Arthur; Toffoli, Gary (2002). Fifty Years the Queen. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 12. ISBN 1-55002-360-8. 
  6. ^ "The Royal Family > Members of the Royal Family > HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh > Honours". Buckingham Palace. Retrieved 18 October 2008. 
  7. ^ "The Earl of Wessex at 40". Royal Insight Magazine (London: Buckingham Palace) (March 2004). March 2004. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  8. ^ "The Royal Family > Members of the Royal Family > TRH The Earl and Countess of Wessex > Background". Buckingham Palace. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  9. ^ "St George's Chapel > History > Orders of Chivalry". St George's Chapel. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  10. ^ "PM PRESENTS SOVEREIGN'S BADGE TO THE QUEEN" (Press release). Office of the Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. Archived from the original on 18 August 2006. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  11. ^ The Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours 2012 (29 June 2012) 74 New Zealand Gazette 2091.
  12. ^ "The Queen’s Birthday and Diamond Jubilee List Honours 2012". Honours Lists (Honours Unit). Department of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2012. 
  13. ^ a b "Vol. 147, no. 27 - Government House". Canada Gazette (Department of Internal Affairs). 6 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  14. ^ Christopher McCreery. "The Canadian Forces' Decoration". Directorate of Honours and Recognition, National Defence Headquarters (Canada). Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Mailbox". Royal Insight Magazine (London: Buckingham Palace) (July 2005). July 2005. Retrieved 7 November 2008. 
  16. ^ http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhr-ddhr/pub/cfd-dfc-eng.asp#for
  17. ^ "Maldives president awarded highest honour of Palestine". Haveeru Online. 5 June 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  18. ^ Johnson, Alice (26 November 2010). "Khalifa, Queen Elizabeth II exchange orders". gulfnews.com. 
  19. ^ State visit of Saudi Arabia in U.K., 2010, Photo
  20. ^ Badraie
  21. ^ Badraie
  22. ^ a b c The London Gazette: no. 40137. p. 1959. 2 April 1954. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Heald, Tim (1991). The Duke: A Portrait of Prince Philip. London: Hodder and Stoughton. pp. 264–267. ISBN 0-340-54607-7. 
  24. ^ a b c Office of the Prime Minister of Canada (10 June 2011). "PM announces the appointment of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh to the highest ranks of the Canadian Armed Forces". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 10 June 2011. 
  25. ^ Watson, Garth (1988). The Civils. Thomas Telford. pp. p85. ISBN 0-7277-0392-7. 
  26. ^ Thomas, Rob. "History of the Institution of Structural Engineers". Institution of Structural Engineers. Retrieved 3 September 2010. 
  27. ^ "Queen meets soldiers, Duke plays Cupid". CTV News. 10 October 2002. Retrieved 28 October 2008. 
  28. ^ University of Edinburgh. "News and Events". Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  29. ^ "University of Cambridge > University Offices > Chancellorship of the University". University of Cambridge. 19 July 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

  • Heraldica archive of correspondence regarding the Duke of Edinburgh's title