List of tombs and mausoleums

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See also Category:Memorials, cenotaph, monument, catacombs, cemetery, pyramid, list of Cemeteries, list of mausoleums, list of Memorials, list of pyramid mausoleums in North America.

This is a list of tombs and mausoleums that are either notable in themselves, or contain the remains of a notable person/people. Tombs are organized by the person buried in them, sorted according to origin of the person.

Major figures in African history[edit]

Egyptian figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Khufu Fourth dynasty pharaoh, reigned 2589–2566 BCE Great Pyramid in Giza, the only surviving wonder of the world Great Pyramid
Tutankhamun Eighteenth dynasty "boy king" of Egypt, reigned 1334–1325 BCE Valley of the Kings; tomb famously excavated by Howard Carter KV62

Major figures in Asian history[edit]

Chinese figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Qin Shi Huang Qin Dynasty emperor from 221–210 BCE Xi'an, Shaanxi, China Terracotta Army
Cao Cao Eastern Han Dynasty warlord and politician, lived 155–220 CE Xigaoxue Village, Anfeng Township, Anyang County, Anyang, Henan, China Cao Cao Mausoleum
Emperor Taizong of Tang Tang Dynasty emperor from 626–649 Mount Jiuzong, Shaanxi, China Zhao Mausoleum
Emperor Gaozong of Tang; Empress Wu Zetian; 17 others Tang Dynasty emperor from 649–683; Chinese sovereign ruler from 690–705 Mount Liang, Qian County, Shaanxi, China Qianling Mausoleum
Yongle Emperor and 12 succeeding emperors Ming Dynasty emperors from 1402–1644 13 km due north of Beijing, China Ming Dynasty Tombs
Sun Yat-sen Chinese revolutionary, founder of the Kuomintang, and 1st President of the Republic of China At the foot of the second peak of the Purple Mountain, Nanjing, China Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
Mao Zedong Communist leader of China from 1943–1976 Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China Mausoleum of Mao Zedong

Indian figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Emperor Shah Jahan and Arjumand Banu Begum (Mumtaz Mahal) Wife of Mughal Emperor Shahbuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan Agra, India Taj Mahal
Nasiruddin Humayun 2nd Mughal Emperor, ruled in India from 1530–1540 and 1555–1556 Delhi, India Humayun's Tomb

Japanese figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Nintoku 16th emperor of Japan Sakai, Osaka, Japan (the biggest tomb in the world) Nintoku Mausoleum

Korean figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Complex of Goguryeo Tombs, Anak Tomb No.3
Mausoleum of Dangun
Dae Hungmu and 11 other family members Royalty of the Balhae Kingdom Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin, China Ancient Tombs at Longtou Mountain, Mausoleum of Princess Zhenxiao

Mongolian figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Genghis Khan Mongol military leader and founder of the Mongol Empire Beside a river near Kandehuo Enclosure, Xinjie Town, Inner Mongolia, China; Khan's body is not there (it has never been found) Mausoleum of Genghis Khan
Damdin Sükhbaatar Revolutionary hero and founder of the modern Mongolian state Sükhbaatar Square, Ulan Bator, Mongolia (removed in 2005, body cremated) Sükhbaatar's mausoleum
Wang Zhaojun Wife of a Xiongnu Chanyu (ruler) Beside a river in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China Zhaojun Tomb

Pakistani figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Founder of Pakistan Karachi, Pakistan Mausoleum of Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Muhammad Iqbal Poet,Lawyer,Politician Badshahi Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan Tomb of Muhammad Iqbal
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Sikh ruler Lahore, Pakistan Samadhi of Ranjit Singh
Baba Shah Jamal Sufi saint Lahore, Pakistan Tomb of Shah Jamal

Other[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
(Timur) conqueror of much of western and central Asia, founder of the Timurid Empire and Timurid dynasty Samarkand Gur-e Amir
Sayyed Bahram Mausoleum

Major figures in European history[edit]

Albanian figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Enver Hoxha First Secretary-General of the Party of Labour and premier of the Socialist People's Republic of Albania Tirana, Albania Enver Hoxha Mausoleum
King Zog President, and later King, of interwar Albania Tirana, Albania Mausoleum of the Albanian Royal Family

British figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill Prime Minister of the United Kingdom St Martin's Church, Bladon, near Woodstock, Oxfordshire none
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert Longest reigning Queen of England and her husband Frogmore Mausoleum, on the private grounds of the Home Park, Windsor Castle, Berkshire Frogmore

Bulgarian figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak Near Kazanlak, Bulgaria

French figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Napoleon Bonaparte and family members Corsican soldier and French emperor Massive multi-layered sarcophagus under the dome of Les Invalides, Paris, France Les Invalides
Marie Curie and Pierre Curie French–Polish couple who discovered X-rays; Marie won the Nobel Prize twice The Panthéon in Paris, France Panthéon, Paris
Alexandre Dumas, père Author The Panthéon in Paris, France Panthéon, Paris
Ferdinand Foch Marshal of France during World War I Les Invalides, Paris, France Les Invalides
Victor Hugo Author The Panthéon in Paris, France Panthéon, Paris
Joseph Louis Lagrange Italian–French mathematician and astronomer The Panthéon in Paris, France Panthéon, Paris
Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle French Army captain and author of Le Marseillaise, the national anthem Les Invalides, Paris, France Les Invalides
Gaspard Monge French mathematician and inventor of descriptive geometry Le Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris, France (since moved to the Panthéon) Gaspard Monge's mausoleum
Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne Viscount of Turenne and Marshal of France under Louis XIV; one of France's greatest military leaders Les Invalides, Paris, France Les Invalides
Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban (Vauban) Military architect for Louis XIV Les Invalides, Paris, France Les Invalides
Francois-Marie Arouet (Voltaire) French philosopher of The Enlightenment The Panthéon in Paris, France Panthéon, Paris

Italian figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Caesar Augustus and other emperors of his family First Roman emperor 27 BC – 14 AD Campus Martius (now the Piazza Augusto Imperatore) in Rome, Italy (ashes now scattered) Mausoleum of Augustus
Gaius Julius Caesar Roman general and dictator assassinated 44 BC Forum Romanum in Rome, Italy Roman Forum
Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus (Galerius) Roman Emperor from 305–311 AD Thessaloniki, Greece Arch and Tomb of Galerius
Hadrian and family members Roman emperor from 117–138 AD Rome, Italy (now the Castel Sant'Angelo; ashes now scattered) Castel Sant'Angelo
Theodoric the Great 5th–6th century Ostrogothic king, ruler of Italy, and regent of the Visigoths Just outside Ravenna, Italy Mausoleum of Theodoric

Russian figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Russian communist revolutionary and 1st Premier of the Soviet Union Red Square, Moscow, Russia Lenin's Mausoleum
Josef Vissarionovich Stalin Soviet dictator from 1920s–1953 Formerly in Lenin's Mausoleum; reburied outside the Kremlin, Moscow, Russia Kremlin Wall Necropolis

Major figures in Middle-Eastern history[edit]

Persian/Iranian figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Cyrus the Great the founder of the Persian Empire under the Achaemenid dynasty Pasargadae near the city of Shiraz, Iran Pasargadae
Darius I, Xerxes I, Artaxerxes I, Darius II and Darius III emperors of the Achaemenid dynasty Naqsh-e Rustam near the city of Shiraz, Iran Naqsh-e Rustam
Artaxerxes II and Artaxerxes III emperors of the Achaemenid dynasty Persepolis near the city of Shiraz, Iran Persepolis
Mausolus Persian satrap of Caria Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey); the origin of the word "mausoleum" – the tomb is now destroyed Mausoleum of Maussollos
Shahrbanu alleged daughter of Yazdegerd III Rey, Iran none
Abu Lolo or Piruz Nahavandi (d. 645) assassin of caliph Omar Kashan, Iran none
Yaqub Leith Saffari (840–879) ruler of the Saffarid dynasty Shahabad (ancient Gondishapur) near Dezful, Iran none
Amir Esmail Samani (d. 907) ruler of the Samanid dynasty Bukhara, Uzbekistan Samanid Mausoleum
Qabus ebn Voshmgir (d. 1012) ruler of the Ziyarid dynasty Gonbad, Iran none
Toghril Beg (990–1063) ruler of the Seljuk dynasty Rey, Iran Tughrul Tower
Malekshah (d. 1092) ruler of the Seljuk dynasty Isfahan, Iran none
Khwajeh Nezam ol-Molk (1018–1092) vizier of Malekshah Isfahan, Iran none
Shah Shoja' (d. 1384) ruler of the Mozaffarid dynasty and patron of Hafez Shiraz, Iran none
Gowharshad (d. 1457) wife of Shahrokh of the Timurid dynasty and founder of Gowharshad Mosque Herat, Afghanistan none
Nader Shah (1688–1747) Shah of Iran and the founder of the Afsharid dynasty Mashhad, Iran none
Karim Khan (1705–1779) the ruler and de facto Shah of Iran of the Zand dynasty Shiraz, Iran Pars Museum of Shiraz
Naser ed-Din Shah (1831–1896) and Sattar Khan (1868–1914) shah of Iran the Qajar dynasty that assassinated in the same shrine on May 1, 1896 and Persian freedom fighter of Constitutional Revolution Rey, Iran Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine
Reza Shah (1878–1944) Shah of Iran of the Pahlavi dynasty Rey, Iran demolished in 1979 after the Iranian Revolution Reza Shah's mausoleum
Bayazid Bastami (804–874) Persian mystic Bastam, Iran none
Sheikh Abulhassan Kharaqani (963–1033) Persian mystic Kharaqan near Bastam, Iran none
Ali Hujwiri (990–1077) Persian mystic Lahore, Pakistan Data Durbar Complex
Khwajeh Abdollah Ansari (1006–1088) Persian mystic Herat, Afghanistan Khwaja 'Abd Allah Ansari shrine
Sheikh Ahmad Jami (1048–1141) Persian mystic Torbat-e Jam, Iran none
Abdol-Qader Gilani (1077–1166) Persian mystic and founder of the Qaderi Sufi Order Baghdad, Iraq none
Qotbeddin Heydar (1137–1221) Persian mystic Torbat-e Heydarieh, Iran none
Moinoddin Chishti (1141–1230) Persian mystic and founder of Chishti Order Ajmer, India none
Sheikh Abdolsamad Esfahani (13th century) Persian mystic Natanz, Iran none
Sheikh Mohammad Bakran (d. 1303) Persian mystic near Isfahan, Iran Pir-i Bakran
Amu Abdollah (d. 1316) Persian mystic near Isfahan, Iran Manar Jonban
Sheikh Zahed Gilani (1216–1301) Persian mystic and Murshid of Sheikh Safieddin Ardabili Lahijan, Iran none
Sheikh Safieddin Ardabili (1252–1334) Persian mystic and eponym of the Safavid dynasty Ardabil, IranIsmail I the founder of the Safavid dynasty is also buried there none
Khwajeh Zeinoddin Shirazi (1302–1370) Persian mystic Khuldabad, India none
Baha ed-Din Naqshband Bukhari (1318–1389) Persian mystic and founder of Naqshbandi Order Bukhara, Uzbekistan none
Shah Nimatullah Vali (1330–1431) Persian mystic and founder of the Nematollahi Sufi Order Mahan, Iran, Iran Shah Nematollah Vali Shrine
Sibaveih (760–797) Persian linguist Shiraz, Iran none
Imam Bukhari (810–870) Persian Sunni scholar near Samarkand, Uzbekistan none
Ebn-e Babveih (d. 941) Persian Shi'ite scholar Rey, Iran Ebn-e Babveih
Rabe'eh Balkhi (10th century) Persian poetess Balkh, Afghanistan none
Ferdowsi (940–1020) Persian poet Tus, Iran none
Avicenna (980–1037) Persian philosopher and physician Hamedan, Iran none
Baba Taher (11th century) Persian mystic and poet Hamedan, Iran none
Asadi Tusi (d. 1072), Anvari (1126–1189), Homam Tabrizi (1238–1315), Khaqani (1121–1190), Qatran Tabrizi (1009–1072) and Shahriar (1906–1988) Persian poets Tabriz, Iran Maqbarat ol-Shoara
Abu Hamed Ghazali (1058–1111) Persian theologian, philosopher and mystic Tus, Iran none
Ahmad Ghazali (1061–1126) Persian writer and mystic and brother of Abu Hamed Ghazali Qazvin, Iran none
Omar Khayyám (1048–1131) Persian poet Nishapur, Iran none
Sanai Ghaznavi (1080–1131) Persian poet Ghazni, Afghanistan none
Sheikh Ruzbehan (1129–1209) Persian mystic and poet Shiraz, Iran none
Nizami (1141–1209) Persian poet Ganja, Azerbaijan Nezami Mausoleum
Attar (1145–1221) Persian mystic and poet Nishapur, Iran none
Mowlavi (Rumi) (1207–1273) and Sultan Walad (d. 1312) Persian mystics and poets Konya, Turkey Mevlana Museum
Saadi (1184–1291) Persian poet Shiraz, Iran none
Hamdollah Mostowfi (1281–1349) Persian historian and geographer Qazvin, Iran none
Khwaju Kermani (1280–1352) Persian mystic and poet Shiraz, Iran none
Hafez (1315–1390) Persian poet Shiraz, Iran Tomb of Hafez
Jami (1414–1492) Persian mystic and poet Herat, Afghanistan none
Saib Tabrizi (1601–1677) Persian poet Isfahan, Iran none
Mir Emad Qazvini (1553–1614) Persian calligrapher Isfahan, Iran none
Sheikh Bahaii (1547–1621) Persian architect and poet Mashhad, Iran none
Bidel Dehlavi (1640–1721) Persian mystic and poet Delhi, India none
Kamal ol-Molk (1847–1940) Iranian painter Nishapur, Iran none
Iraj Mirza (1874–1926), Bahar (1884–1951), Forugh Farrokhzad (1935–1967), Rahi Moayyeri (1909–1968), Darvish Khan (1872–1926), Ruhollah Khaleqi (1906–1965), Abolhasan Saba (1902–1957) and Qamar ol-Moluk Vaziri (1905–1959) Persian poets, musicians and singers Tehran, Iran Zahir-od-dowleh cemetery
Sadeq Hedayat (1903–1951) and Gholam-Hossein Saedi (1936–1985) Persian writers Paris, France Père Lachaise Cemetery
Salman the Persian Persian companion of Muhammad Salman Pak (ancient Ctesiphon), Iraq none

Turkish figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Founder and President of the Republic of Turkey Anittepe quarter of Ankara, Turkey Anitkabir

Major figures in North American history[edit]

American figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Benjamin Franklin Early American printer, inventor, and statesman Christ Church Burial Ground in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Christ Church Burial Ground
Ulysses S. Grant American Civil War general and 18th President of the United States Riverside Park in Manhattan, New York, New York Grant's Tomb
Thomas Jefferson Author of the Declaration of Independence, founder of the University of Virginia, and 3rd President of the United States Monticello, Virginia none
Kamehameha and Kalākaua dynasties Royal families of Hawaii 2261 Nuuanu Avenue in Honolulu, Hawaii Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii
Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois Lincoln's Tomb
William McKinley 25th President of the United States Canton, Ohio McKinley Memorial Mausoleum
Leland Stanford Founder of Stanford University Stanford University campus, Stanford, California Stanford Mausoleum
George Washington Revolutionary War general and 1st President of the United States Mount Vernon, Virginia none

Major religious figures[edit]

Judeo-Christian figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Mary Mother of Jesus Believed to be in the Kidron Valley at the foot of the Mount of Olives or at Ephesus. (Catholic and Orthodox traditions profess that her body was taken into Heaven.) Mary's Tomb, House of the Virgin Mary
Saint Peter Apostle, first Bishop of Rome and co-founder of the Christian church Directly below the altar of St Peter's Basilica, Vatican City Saint Peter's tomb
Saint Thomas the Apostle Apostle and later missionary to India and the first Catholicos of the East Directly below the altar of San Thome Basilica in Mylapore near Chennai, India Thomas the Apostle, St. Thomas Mount, San Thome Basilica
Saint Andrew Apostle, first Bishop of Byzantium, and patron saint of Scotland, Greece, Russia, and Romania Once in Patras, Achaea, Greece, now disputed; his body is said to be in both the cathedral of Amalfi, Campania, Italy, and in St Andrews, Scotland Saint Andrew
Saint James the Great Apostle and later missionary to Spain Believed to be beneath the altar of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain Santiago de Compostela
Saint Thaddeus one of the Twelve Apostles near Maku, Iran Saint Thaddeus Monastery
Saint Bartholomew one of the Twelve Apostles near Başkale (Albayrak)Turkey Saint Bartholomew Monastery
Saint John the Apostle Apostle and author of the Gospel of John and Revelation Disputed; may be either on the island of Patmos, Greece, or at Selçuk, a small town in the vicinity of Ephesus in what is now Turkey John the Apostle
Saint Augustine Early Christian Bishop and theologian San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro church in Pavia, Lombardy, Italy San Pietro in Ciel d'Oro
St Clare of Assisi Follower of St Francis; medieval ascetic saint and founder of the Order of Poor Ladies Santa Chiara church in Assisi, Perugia, Italy (her body is said to be uncorrupted) none
St Francis of Assisi Medieval ascetic saint; founder of the Franciscan order Basilica of San Francesco d'Assisi in Assisi, Perugia, Italy Basilica of San Francesco d'Assisi
Abel Son of Adam that was slain by his brother Cain Buried near the Zabadani Valley in Syria Nabi Habeel Mosque
Noah Biblical patriarch Nakhijevan none
Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebekah, Jacob and Leah Biblical couples Hebron, West Bank Cave of the Patriarchs
Matriarchs Zilpah, Bilhah, Jochebed, Zipporah, Elisheva and Avigail Tiberias, Israel Tomb of the Matriarchs
Reuben eldest son of Jacob Palmachim, Israel Nabi Rubin
Rachel wife of Jacob Bethlehem, West Bank Rachel's Tomb
Joseph Hebrew patriarch Nablus, West Bank Joseph's Tomb
David second king of Kingdom of Israel Jerusalem, Israel David's Tomb
Ezekiel a Prophet in Hebrew Bible Al Kifl, Iraq or Dezful, Iran Ezekiel's Tomb
Daniel a Prophet in Hebrew Bible Susa, Iran Tomb of Daniel
Ezra a Prophet in Hebrew Bible Al-Uzair near Basra, Iraq Ezra's Tomb
Habakkuk a Prophet in Hebrew Bible Tuyserkan, Iran or Hukok, Israel none
Zechariah (priest) Father of John the Baptist Buried in Aleppo, Syria Great Mosque of Aleppo
John the Baptist Prophet in Christianity and Forerunner of Christ His head is buried in Damascus, Syria Umayyad Mosque

Baha'i figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Bahá'u'lláh Founder of the Bahá'í Faith; considered by Baha'is to be the most recent messenger of God. Buried in the Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh outside of Akka, Israel. Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh, Bahá'u'lláh, Qiblih
The Báb Founder of Bábism, and predecessor of Bahá'u'lláh. Buried in the Shrine of the Báb on Mt. Carmel in Haifa, Israel. Báb, Shrine of the Báb
`Abdu'l-Bahá Son of Bahá'u'lláh and leader of the Bahá'í Faith Buried in a chamber within the Shrine of the Báb on Mt. Carmel in Haifa, Israel. `Abdu'l-Bahá, Shrine of the Báb, Shrine of `Abdu'l-Bahá
Shoghi Effendi Great-grandson of Bahá'u'lláh; Under the title of Guardian, he served as last singular head of the faith. Buried in New Southgate Cemetery in London, U.K. Shoghi Effendi, Directions to the burial site of the Guardian

Muslim figures[edit]

Person(s) Significance Location of Tomb Article
Muhammad Prophet of Islām Buried in Madīnah, Saudi Arabia Masjidun Nabawi
Fātimah She was the only daughter of Muhammad (as believed by Shī‘ah Muslims) (but Sunni Muslims believe that she is the youngest of 4 daughters) and the wife of ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib Either buried within the former Mausolea of Jannatul Baqī‘, or within Masjidun Nabawi in Madīnah, Saudi Arabia none
‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib Cousin of Muhammad, First Shī‘ah Imām and the only successor of Muhammad as accepted by Shī‘ah's Buried in Najaf, Iraq Imām ‘Alī Mosque
Hasan ibn ‘Alī Grandson of Muhammad, son of ‘Alī and Fātimah, and Second Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried within the former Mausolea of Jannatul Baqī‘ in Madīnah, Saudi Arabia. Jannatul Baqī‘
Husayn ibn ‘Alī Grandson of Muhammad, son of ‘Alī and Fātimah, and Third Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried in Karbalā, Iraq Imām Husayn Mosque
‘Alī Zaynul ‘Ābidīn Son of Husayn ibn ‘Alī and the Fourth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried within the former Mausolea of Jannatul Baqī‘ in Madīnah, Saudi Arabia Jannatul Baqī‘
Muhammad al-Bāqir Son of ‘Alī Zaynul ‘Ābidīn and the Fifth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried within the former Mausolea of Jannatul Baqī‘ in Madīnah, Saudi Arabia Jannatul Baqī‘
Ja‘far as-Sādiq Son of Muhammad al-Bāqir and the Sixth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried within the former Mausolea of Jannatul Baqī‘ in Madīnah, Saudi Arabia Jannatul Baqī‘
Mūsā al-Kādhim Son of Ja‘far as-Sādiq and the Seventh Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried in Kadhimayn, Iraq Al-Kadhimiya Mosque
‘Alī ar-Ridhā Son of Mūsā al-Kādhim and Eighth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried in Mashhad, Iran Imām Ridhā Mosque
Muhammad at-Taqī Son of ‘Alī ar-Ridhā and the Ninth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried in Kadhimayn, Iraq Al-Kadhimiya Mosque
‘Alī an-Naqī Son of Muhammad at-Taqī and the Tenth Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried in Sāmarrā', Iraq Al-Askari Mosque
Hasan al-‘Askarī Son of ‘Alī an-Naqī and the Eleventh Twelver Shī‘ah Imām Buried in Sāmarrā', Iraq Al-Askari Mosque

See also[edit]