List of town tramway systems in France

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This is a list of town tramway systems in France by région. It includes all tram systems, past and present.

Alsace[edit]

Strasbourg
Mulhouse
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Colmar   Electric 16 March 1902 31 January 1960  
Mulhouse*   Steam 1 October 1892 1894  
Electric 1894 2 May 1956  
Tramway de Mulhouse Electric 13 May 2006    
Ribeauvillé   Horse  ?  ?  
Steam  ? 1937  
Strasbourg*   Horse 22 July 1878 1899  
Steam 1883 12 August 1926  
Electric May 1895 30 April 1960 [1]
Tramways in Strasbourg Electric 25 November 1994   [1]
Turckheim   Electric 3 June 1899 1 April 1937  

Aquitaine[edit]

Bordeaux
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Arcachon   Electric 6 August 1911 1930  
Bayonne-Anglet-Biarritz B.A.B Steam 2 June 1877 23 April 1922  
Electric 11 July 1922 31 December 1952  
B.L.B Steam 18 October 1888 31 January 1914  
Electric 1 February 1914 1 October 1948  
V.F.D.M Electric 3 December 1917 31 January 1939  
Bordeaux*   Horse 4 May 1880 1901  
Electric 17 February 1900 8 December 1958  
Tramway de Bordeaux Electric 23 December 2003    
Hendaye   Horse 1906 1907  
Electric 15 August 1908 1 January 1937  
Pau   Electric 8 September 1900 1929  

Auvergne[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Clermont-Ferrand Clermont-Ferrand Tramway Electric 7 January 1890 17 March 1956  
La Bourboule   Electric 1904 1914  
Le Puy-en-Velay   Electric 12 November 1896 4 August 1914  
Vichy   Compressed air 15 december1895 31 March 1927  

Basse-Normandie[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Avranches   Electric April 1907 2 August 1914  
Caen Compagnie des tramways électriques de Caen Electric 21 December 1901 1937  
Cherbourg   Steam 22 May 1897 2 August 1914  
Electric 1910 1944  
Deauville   Horse October 1876 ca 1905  

Bourgogne[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Dijon*   Electric 1 January 1895 1 December 1961  
Dijon Tramway Electric 2012[2][3]  

Bretagne[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Brest   Electric 1898 1945  
Brest Tramway Electric 23 June 2012   [4]
Lorient   Electric 1901 1944  
Saint-Malo   Electric 1927 1948  

Centre[edit]

Orléans
Tours
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Blois   Electric 1910 1934  
Bourges   Electric 1898 1949  
Orléans*   Horse 6 May 1877  ? [5]
Electric 28 June 1899 31 March 1938 [5]
Tramway d'Orléans Electric 20 November 2000   [6]
Tours   Electric 1900 1949  
Tramway de Tours Electric 31 août 2013    

Champagne-Ardenne[edit]

Reims
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Châlons-en-Champagne   Electric 1897 1938  
Charleville-Mézières   Electric 1900 1914  
Reims* C.T.R. Horse 19 June 1881 April 1901 [7]
Electric 1st June 1900 15 October 1939
Tramway de Reims Electric 16 April 2011    
Sedan   Electric 1899 1914  
Troyes   Electric 1899 1950  

Corse (Corsica)[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Ajaccio   Horse  ?  ?  

Franche-Comté[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Beaucourt   Electric 1904 1935  
Belfort   Electric 29 May 1898 1952  
Besançon   Electric 21 March 1897 24 December 1952  

Haute-Normandie[edit]

Rouen
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Elbeuf   Electric 1898 1926  
Le Havre* Tramway du Havre Electric 1894 1951  
Electric 12 December 2012
Le Tréport   Electric 1902 1935  
Rouen* Compagnie des Tramways de Rouen Horse 29 December 1877 1896  
Electric 1896 28 February 1953 [8]
Tramway de Rouen Electric 17 December 1994   [9]

Île-de-France[edit]

Paris:Line T3
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Fontainebleau Tramway de Fontainebleau Electric 29 September 1896 31 December 1953  
Melun   Electric 1901 1914  
Paris* Tramways in Paris Horse 1855  ?  
Electric 1895 14 August 1938 [10]
Electric 6 July 1992   [10]
Versailles Tramway de Versailles Horse 11 November 1876 1896  
Electric 1896 3 March 1957  

Languedoc-Roussillon[edit]

Montpellier
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Aigues-Vives   Steam  ?  ?  
Montpellier*   Electric 1 January 1898 31 January 1949  
Tramway de Montpellier Electric 1 July 2000    
Nîmes   Horse 1880 1900  
Electric 1899 1950  
Perpignan   Electric September 1900 October 1955  
Sète   Electric 1901 1935  

Limousin[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Limoges   Electric 6 June 1897 2 March 1951  

Lorraine[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Épinal   Electric 1906 1914  
Forbach   Electric 1912 1950  
Hagondange - Maizières-lès-Metz   Electric 1913 1964  
Longwy   Electric 1902 1935  
Metz   Electric 1902 1948  
Nancy   Horse 12 August 1874 c. 1903  
Electric 1898 2 December 1958 [11]
Novéant-sur-Moselle   Electric 1911 1933  
Saint-Avold   Electric 1910 1940  
Thionville   Electric 9 May 1912 22 September 1952  

Midi-Pyrénées[edit]

Toulouse
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Albi   Steam  ?  ?  
petrol (gasoline)  ?  ?  
Lourdes   Electric 1899 1930  
Rodez   Electric 1902 1920  
Toulouse   Horse 31 July 1887  ?
  Electric May 1906 7 July 1957  
Toulouse tramway Electric 11 December 2010 [12]

Nord-Pas de Calais[edit]

Lille
Valenciennes
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Armentières   Electric 1901 1914  
Boulogne-sur-Mer   Electric 1897 1951  
Calais   Electric 1906 1940  
Cambrai   Electric 1903 1914  
Cassel   Electric 1900 1938  
Douai   Electric 1898 1950  
Dunkerque   Horse 1 June 1880  ?  
Accumulator (storage battery) 1899 1903  
Electric 1903 3 November 1952  
Étaples   Electric 1900 1935  
Lille*   Horse 7 June 1874  ? [13]
Electric 1900 29 January 1966 [13]
Mongy Electric 4 December 1909   [13]
Maubeuge   Electric 16 March 1902 1951  
Roubaix   Horse 19 March 1877  ?  
Electric 1894 15 July 1956 [13]
Tourcoing   Horse 19 March 1877  ?  
Electric 1894 15 July 1956 [13]
Valenciennes*   Steam 1 January 1881 1914 [14]
Electric 1914 2 July 1966  
Tramway de Valenciennes Electric 3 July 2006   [14]

Pays de la Loire[edit]

Nantes
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Angers Electric 21 May 1896 May 1949  
Angers tramway Electric 25 June 2011 [15]
Le Mans*   Electric 1897 1947  
Le Mans tramway Electric 17 November 2007    
Les Sables d'Olonne   Electric 1898 1925  
Nantes*   Compressed air 13 February 1879 1917  
Electric 1913 25 January 1958  
Tramway de Nantes Electric 7 January 1985   [16]

Picardie[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Amiens   Electric 1899 1940  
Tergnier   Electric 1910 1939  
Saint-Quentin   Electric 6 March 1899 27 May 1956  

Poitou-Charentes[edit]

Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Angoulême   Electric 1900 1935  
Poitiers   Electric 1899 1947  

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur[edit]

Marseille
Nice
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Aubagne   Electric 2014  
Avignon   Electric 1901 1932  
Cannes   Electric 1899 1923  
La Ciotat   Electric 1935 1955  
Marseille* Tramway de Marseille Horse 21 January 1876  ?  
Steam 1892  ?  
Electric 1900    
Nice* Tramway de Nice et du Littoral Horse 27 February 1878  ?  
Electric 1900 10 January 1953  
Tramway de Nice Electric 24 November 2007    
Toulon   Horse July 1886  ?  
Electric July 1897 15 April 1954  

Rhône-Alpes[edit]

Grenoble
Lyon
Saint-Etienne
Location System Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Refs
Aix-les-Bains   Compressed air 18 April 1897 1908  
Annemasse   Steam 22 October 1883 1902  
Electric 2 January 1902 31 December 1958  
Évian-les-Bains   Electric 1898 1908  
Grenoble*   Electric 17 April 1897 31 August 1952 [17]
Tramway de Grenoble Electric 5 September 1987   [17]
Lyon*   Horse 21 June 1897  ?  
Steam 1888  ?  
Electric 26 August 1894 30 January 1956 [18]
Tramway de Lyon Electric 23 December 2000    
Moûtiers   Electric 1899 1929  
Roanne   Electric 1901 1935  
Saint-Chamond   Electric 1906 1931  
Saint-Étienne* Tramway de Saint-Étienne Steam 4 December 1881 1912 [19]
Electric 17 April 1897   [19]
Valence   Electric 1927 1950  

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hamal, p123
  2. ^ "Railway Gazette: Pioneering PPP energises Dijon tram". Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  3. ^ "Accueil :: Le Tram - Grand Dijon". Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  4. ^ "Brest tramway opens". Railway Gazette International. June 26, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Hamal, p140
  6. ^ "Urban rail news in brief - November 2008". Railway Gazette. 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  7. ^ Jaillard, Michel; Chenu, Marcel (in French), Plus d'un siècle de transports en commun à Reims, 1990
  8. ^ Hamal, p106
  9. ^ Hamal, p107
  10. ^ a b Hamal, p87
  11. ^ Hamal, p72
  12. ^ "False start for tram line T1 in Toulouse". Railway Gazette. December 16, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Hamal, p28-29
  14. ^ a b Hamal, p147
  15. ^ "Angers tram opens". Railway Gazette. June 29, 2011. 
  16. ^ Hamal, p78
  17. ^ a b Hamal, p16
  18. ^ Hamal, p44-45
  19. ^ a b Hamal, p112

References[edit]

Hamal, Thierry; Roland De Coster; Dominique Stas (1997). Flash 1997 - France (in French). Tram 2000. 

See also[edit]