List of urban tram networks in Germany

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This is a list of town tramway systems in Germany by Land. It includes all tram systems, past and present.

Baden-Württemberg[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Baden-Baden Electric 24 January 1910 28 February 1951  
  Esslingen Electric 24 May 1912 7 July 1944  
  ♦ Esslingen - Nellingen - Denkendorf Electric 19 December 1926 28 February 1978  
VAG Freiburg Freiburg im Breisgau Electric 14 October 1901    
  Heidelberg Horse 13 May 1885 7 October 1902  
Electric 17 March 1903   see also Mannheim.
  ♦ Heidelberg - Schwetzingen     4 January 1974  
  ♦ Schwetzingen - Ketsch Electric 12 December 1910 31 March 1938.  
  Walldorf (in Baden) Horse 22 February 1902 21 February 1907  
Electric 22 February 1907 1 August 1954 Separate undertaking to 3 September 1945.
  Wiesloch Horse 1 September 1886 4 July 1901  
  ♦ Heidelberg - Wiesloch Electric 24 July 1901 16 June 1973  
  Heilbronn (am Neckar) Electric 29 May 1897

21 July 2001

1 April 1955

-

New segment opened 2001 worked as part of Karlsruhe regional system.
  Karlsruhe Horse 21 January 1877 19 March 1900  
Steam 16 July 1881 19 March 1900  
Accumulator (storage battery) 10 February 1900 1903  
Electric 10 February 1900    
Albtalbahn   Steam 1 December 1897 1911  
Electric 1 December 1898    
  ♦ Karlsruhe - Ettlingen   1 December 1897    
  ♦ Ettlingen - Bad Herrenalb   2 July 1898   Opened in stages, completed 2 July 1898.
  ♦ Branch Busenbach - Ittersbach   10 April 1899    
  Lörrach Electric 16 November 1919 31 August 1967 Worked by tramcars hired from Basel Switzerland, tramway undertaking . Operation suspended 1 September 1939 – 11 May 1947 because of closure of border.
  Mannheim Horse 2 June 1878 22 May 1902  
Steam 6 May 1884 23 March 1914  
Electric 10 December 1900   Operated jointly with Ludwigshafen system (q.v.). See also Heidelberg.
OEG Mannheim - Heidelberg Steam 12 December 1887 31 August 1956  
Electric 10 December 1900    
OEG Mannheim - Heidelberg       Opened 1892. Electrified 1928–1929.
OEG Mannheim - Weinheim       Opened 1887. Electrified 1915.
OEG Heidelberg - Weinheim       Opened 1890. Electrified 1949–1956.
  Müllheim Steam 15 February 1896 1913  
Electric 7 April 1914 22 May 1955  
  ♦ Müllheim - Badenweiler     22 May 1955  
  Pforzheim Electric 1 December 1911 10 October 1964  
  Ravensburg - Weingarten - Baienfurt Steam 6 January 1888 12 September 1911  
Electric 1 September 1910 1 July 1959  
  Reutlingen Steam 1 November 1899 24 July 1912  
Electric 24 July 1912 19 October 1974  
  Stuttgart Horse 28 July 1868 28 November 1896  
Electric 26 September 1895   First tunnel segment opened 1966. First standard-gauge Stadtbahn line opened 28 September 1985.
  Bad Cannstatt Electric 20 July 1899   Separate undertaking to 1 January 1919.
  Feuerbach Electric 30 December 1926   Separate undertaking to 1 January 1934.
  Rack tramway Steam 23 August 1884 1907  
Electric 1 May 1904    
  Ulm (an der Donau) Electric 15 May 1897    

Bayern (Bavaria)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Augsburg Horse 8 May 1881 31 August 1898  
Steam 12 September 1886 15 June 1887  
Electric 1 September 1898    
  Bamberg Electric 1 November 1897 10 June 1922  
  Hof (an der Saale) Electric 5 August 1901 14 November 1922  
  Ingolstadt (an der Donau) Horse 10 November 1878 3 March 1921  
(Electric)     Construction started, not completed (ca. 1914).
  Landshut (in Bayern) Horse 1 July 1902 1913  
Electric 15 January 1913 18 March 1945 Closed because of war damage.
Straßenbahn München
(owned by MVG)
München /Munich Horse 21 October 1876 1 November 1900  
Steam 9 June 1883 15 July 1900  
Accumulator (storage battery) 1 July 1886 17 July 1895  
Electric 23 June 1895   See also Trams in Munich.
  Nürnberg /Nuremberg Horse 25 August 1881 20 July 1898  
Electric 7 May 1896   See also Trams in Nuremberg.
  ♦ Nürnberg - Fürth Steam 7 December 1835 31 October 1922 Bayerische Ludwigsbahn, Nürnberg - Fürth, first railway in Germany.
Electric  ? 21 June 1981 Express tramway, built on alignment of closed railway (Ludwigsbahn). Closed, together with remaining tramway lines in Fürth, because of U-Bahn (metro) construction.
  Regensburg Electric 21 April 1903 1 August 1964  
  Schweinfurt Horse 5 May 1895 31 January 1921  
  Würzburg Horse 8 April 1892 4 October 1900  
Electric 30 June 1900

18 September 1924

20 April 1920

-

Reopened by a new undertaking. See also Trams in Würzburg.

Berlin and Brandenburg[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Straßenbahn Berlin
(Owned by BVG)
Berlin Horse 22 June 1865 8 December 1907  
Steam 5 May 1886 1919  
Accumulator (storage battery) 8 February 1895 1902  
Electric 16 May 1881    
  Buchholz Horse 9 July 1904 8 December 1907  
Electric 8 December 1907   Separate undertaking to 22 July 1907.
  Heiligensee an der Havel Electric 29 May 1913 1 June 1958 Separate undertaking to 3 December 1920.
  Köpenick (Cöpenick) Horse 18 October 1882 11 August 1903  
Electric 11 August 1903   Separate undertaking to 1 October 1920.
  Spandau Horse 5 June 1892 17 March 1896  
Electric 18 March 1896 2 October 1967 Separate undertaking to 1 August 1920.
  ♦♦ Spandau - Nonnendamm Electric 30 September 1908 2 October 1967  
  ♦♦ Spandau West - Hennigsdorf Petrol (gasoline) 1 August 1923 11 November 1929  
Electric 11 November 1929 April 1945  
Grunewaldbahn Steglitz Electric 3 December 1905 2 May 1963  
  Teltow       Separate undertaking to 16 April 1921.
  ♦♦ Berlin-Lichterfelde - Steglitz - Südende-Mariendorf line Electric 16 May 1881 14 February 1930 Incorporated segment of line opened 1881 by Siemens und Halske, world's first electric tramway.
  ♦♦ Berlin-Lichterfelde - Teltow - Stahnsdorf - Klein Machnow (Schleuse) Steam 1 July 1888 30 March 1907  
Electric 30 March 1907 2 May 1966  
Straßenbahn Potsdam
(Owned by ViP)
♦♦ Potsdam Horse 11 May 1880 1 September 1907  
Electric 2 September 1907    
  ♦♦ Schöneiche (bei Berlin) Petrol (gasoline) 28 August 1910 30 May 1914  
Electric 30 May 1914    
Strausberger Eisenbahn ♦♦ Strausberg Steam 17 August 1893 15 March 1921  
Electric 18 March 1921    
  ♦♦ Woltersdorf (bei Berlin) Electric 17 May 1913    
Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Brandenburg (an der Havel) Horse 1 October 1897 20 April 1911  
Electric 1 April 1911    
  Plaue (an der Havel) Electric 24 December 1912 28 September 2002 Separate undertaking to 1 October 1952.
  Cottbus (Chóśebuz) Electric 8 July 1903    
  Eberswalde Electric 1 September 1910 3 November 1940  
  Frankfurt an der Oder Electric 23 January 1898   see also Słubice, Poland.
  Guben Electric 24 February 1904 8 June 1938 see also Gubin, Poland.
  Jüterbog Horse 21 March 1897 29 July 1928  
  Küstrin Electric 16 May 1927 30 January 1945 see also Kostrzyn nad Odrą;, Poland.
  Werder (an der Havel) Horse 27 July 1895 7 August 1926  

Note for Berlin: Tramway divided into East Berlin and West Berlin systems from 16 January 1953. West Berlin tramway lines replaced by motorbus from 1954, final closure on 2 October 1967. (See Berlin Straßenbahn; link to English-language page.)

Bremen[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
'Bremen Tramway Bremen Horse 4 June 1876 31 October 1911  
Electric 22 June 1890    
  Bremerhaven Horse 26 June 1881 28 August 1908  
Accumulator (storage battery) 21 August 1898 31 July 1908  
Electric 4 June 1908 30 July 1982  

Hamburg[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Hamburg Horse 16 August 1866 18 December 1922  
Steam 13 May 1878 22 June 1897  
Electric 5 March 1894 1 October 1978  
  Harburg Electric 30 September 1899 24 September 1975  
  Alt-Rahlstedt - Volksdorf Electric 30 October 1906 15 April 1923 Town tramway service on local railway (kleinbahn).
  Altona - Blankenese Electric 26 August 1899 9 November 1921  

Hessen[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bad Homburg (vor der Höhe) Electric 26 July 1899 31 July 1935 Served by line of Frankfurt am Main system to 1971 (this line was upgraded to the Frankfurt U-Bahn line that serves Bad Homburg).
  Darmstadt Horse 25 August 1886 31 March 1922  
Electric 24 November 1897    
  Eltville - Schlangenbad Steam 20 June 1895 17 March 1933  
  Frankfurt am Main Horse 19 May 1872 17 June 1904  
Steam 1 September 1888 13 July 1929  
Accumulator (storage battery) 1 January 1897 9 September 1900  
Electric 18 February 1884   (see: Trams in Frankfurt am Main)
  Offenbach am Main Horse 10 April 1884 28 October 1906  
Electric 27 October 1906 3 November 1963. Worked by Frankfurt tramway system, 31 March 1907 – 3 November 1963. Offenbach am Main served by line of Frankfurt am Main tramway system to 1 June 1996.
  Gießen Electric 20 November 1909 31 March 1953  
  Hanau Electric 15 June 1908 18 March 1945 Closed because of war damage.
  Kassel Steam 9 July 1877 10 May 1899  
Horse 27 April 1884 28 February 1899  
Electric 14 December 1898    
  Kassel - Wolfsanger Horse 24 September 1897 20 October 1911  
Electric 20 October 1911    
Herkulesbahn ♦ Kassel - Palmenbad, Brasselsberg, Herkules, Hohes Gras Electric 27 April 1903 12 April 1966  
  Marburg (an der Lahn) Horse 1 October 1903 10 October 1911  
Electric 28 November 1911 17 May 1951  
  Wiesbaden Horse 16 August 1875 14 August 1900  
Steam 18 May 1889 27 August 1900  
Electric 16 May 1896 30 April 1955 See also Mainz (Rheinland-Pfalz).

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Rostock Electric 16 October 1888 See also Trams in Rostock.
  Schwerin Electric 1 December 1908 See also Trams in Schwerin.
  Stralsund Electric 25 March 1900 7 April 1966  
  Warnemünde Electric 1 July 1910 30 April 1945 Closed because of war damage.

Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bad Pyrmont Horse 1 June 1879 12 March 1925  
  Bückeburg - Bad Eilsen Electric 1918 21 May 1966  
  Braunschweig Horse 11 October 1879 24 September 1904  
Electric 28 October 1897   1,100-mm gauge  
  Celle Electric 1 November 1907 2 June 1956  
  Cuxhaven Petrol-electric (Benzolelektrisch) 6 July 1914 2 August 1914  
  Emden Electric 23 February 1902 30 April 1953  
  Göttingen (Electric)     Construction started, not completed (ca. 1914).  
  Hannover Horse 16 September 1872 1897  
Accumulator (storage battery) 10 September 1895 20 November 1903  
Electric 19 May 1893    
  ♦ Hannover - Hildesheim Electric 22 March 1899 16 August 1959  
  Hildesheim Electric 7 August 1905 22 March 1945 Closed because of war damage.
  Osnabrück Electric 31 January 1906 29 May 1960  
  Wilhelmshaven Electric 17 March 1913 30 March 1945 Closed because of war damage.

Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Aachen Horse 26 December 1880 10 September 1897  
Caustic soda (Natronsmotor) June 1884 March 1885  
Electric 15 July 1895 29 September 1974  
  Eschweiler Electric 1897 6 October 1969  
  Stolberg Electric 1898 8 January 1967  
  Bad Salzuflen Horse 1 July 1909 1924  
  ♦ Bad Salzuflen - Schötmar Horse 15 June 1912 1915  
  Bielefeld Electric 20 December 1900    
  Düren Steam 1 April 1893 1913  
Electric 20 November 1913 30 June 1965  
Dürener Kreisbahn ♦ Düren - Nörvenich - Besenich Electric 6 October 1908 30 April 1963 Nörvenich - Besenich closed 31 January 1960. Düren - Nörvenich closed 30 April 1963.
  Gummersbach Electric 1 October 1915 4 October 1953  
  Herford Steam 10 August 1900 10 May 1932  
Electric 26 June 1930 22 April 1966  
  Kleve Electric 1 October 1911 31 March 1962  
  Minden (in Westfalen) Steam 7 September 1893 7 December 1920  
Electric 9 December 1920 29 December 1959  
  Münster (in Westfalen) Electric 14 July 1901 25 November 1954  
  Paderborn Electric 11 November 1900 27 September 1963  
  Detmold Electric 1 March 1900 15 August 1954 Separate undertaking to 1920.
  Plettenberg Steam 25 May 1896 1 January 1959  
  Rees - Empel Steam 5 September 1897 1914  
Electric 28 February 1915 30 April 1966  
  Wesel - Rees - Emmerich (am Rhein) Electric 25 May 1914 30 April 1966  
  Siegen Electric 14 November 1904 31 August 1958  
  ♦ Siegen - Kreuztal Electric 14 November 1904 29 May 1952  

Rhein-Ruhr[edit]

Ruhrgebiet (Ruhr Area) towns in geographic order, west to east:

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Moers Electric 1 October 1908 25 September 1954  
  Homberg Electric 1 April 1909 25 September 1954 Separate undertaking to 1 January 1925.
Homberg lines extended to: ♦♦ Ruhrort   1913 March 1945  
Homberg also served by: ♦♦ Düsseldorf (Rheinbahn) system   1911 20 October 1958  
  ♦♦ Krefeld system   1918 2 November 1962  
           
  ♦ Moers - Kamp - Rheinberg Electric 12 February 1915 11 October 1952  
           
  Duisburg Horse 24 December 1881 31 July 1898  
Steam 22 July 1882 25 December 1897  
Electric 3 August 1897   First Stadtbahn tunnel segment opened 11 July 1992.
Duisburg lines extend to: Ruhrort   24 December 1881    
  Hamborn   24 February 1898    
  Dinslaken   1 May 1900    
  Mülheim an der Ruhr   1912    
           
  Oberhausen (im Rheinland) Electric 4 April 1897

1 June 1996

13 October 1968

-

-

Connects with Mülheim an der Ruhr system.

Oberhausen lines connected with: ♦ Essen system       Now closed.
  ♦ Mülheim an der Ruhr system       Closed, now reopened.
  ♦ Recklinghausen system       Now closed.
  ♦ Duisburg system       No track connection at Duisburg-Holten because of gauge difference. Now closed.
Oberhausen also served by: ♦ Mülheim an der Ruhr system     4 April 1971  
           
  Mülheim an der Ruhr Electric 8 July 1897   First Stadtbahn tunnel opened 3 November 1979 (served by Essen system). First tunnel segment for Mülheim system opened 27 April 1985.
Mülheim an der Ruhr lines connect with: ♦ Essen system        
  ♦ Oberhausen system        
           
  Essen Electric 23 August 1893   First tunnel segment opened 5 October 1967. First Stadtbahn tunnel segment opened 29 May 1977.
Essen lines connect with: ♦ Mülheim an der Ruhr system        
  ♦ Bochum - Gelsenkirchen system        
  ♦ Recklinghausen system       Now closed.
           
  Bochum - Gelsenkirchen Electric 23 November 1894   First tunnel segment (Bochum) opened 26 May 1979. First Stadtbahn tunnel segment (Bochum - Herne) opened 2 September 1989. First tunnel segment (Gelsenkirchen) opened 1 September 1984.
Bochum - Gelsenkirchen lines extend to: Herne   23 November 1894    
  Wanne-Eickel   20 October 1896    
  Gelsenkirchen   3 November 1895    
  Buer   24 June 1901    
  Horst   24 June 1901 18 October 1955 Now closed.
  Hattingen   1 October 1902    
  Witten   21 December 1900    
  Castrop-Rauxel   20 December 1909 8 May 1967  
           
  Hattingen Electric 12 March 1914 30 June 1969 Operation suspended 24 October 1923 – 31 May 1924 because of Occupation of the Ruhr. Separate undertaking to 1 October 1932.
           
  Herne Electric 20 December 1906 30 September 1959 Lines extended to Castrop-Rauxel, 15 July 1910 – 1 January 1952.
           
  Castrop-Rauxel        
Served by: Bochum - Gelsenkirchen system   1909 8 May 1967  
  Herne system   15 July 1910 30 September 1959  
  Dortmund system   1 November 1910 1 July 1962  
           
  Dortmund Horse 1 June 1881 1897  
Steam February 1892 1896  
Electric 1 March 1894   First tunnel segment opened 1983.
Dortmund lines extended to: Recklinghausen (Henrichenburg)   1 November 1910 1 July 1958 Now closed.
  Castrop-Rauxel   1 November 1910 1 July 1962 Now closed.
  Unna   1906 31 March 1965 Now closed.
           
  Unna - Kamen - Werne Electric 1 August 1909 15 December 1950 See also Dortmund.
  Hamm (im Westfalen) Electric 20 October 1898 2 April 1961  
Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Vestische Straßenbahn Recklinghausen Electric 26 February 1898 30 December 1982 Connected with Essen and Bochum - Gelsenkirchen systems.
  Lines extended to:        
  Herten in Westfalen   10 May 1901 30 May 1981  
  Wanne-Eickel   10 May 1901 15 November 1975  
  Buer   1907 1 October 1980  
  Gladbeck   1909 31 October 1978  
  Horst   1909 31 October 1978  
  Bottrop   1910 27 November 1976  

Bezirksregierung Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf Region) and Bezirksregierung Arnsberg (Arnsberg Region) towns not tabulated above, in geographic order, west to east:

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Mönchengladbach Horse 10 August 1881 14 February 1900  
Electric 15 February 1900 15 March 1969 Lines extended to Rheydt (10 August 1881 – 5 October 1968). Connected with Krefeld system.
  Rheydt Horse 10 August 1881 14 February 1900  
Electric 15 February 1900 31 January 1959  
           
  Krefeld Steam 3 May 1883 18 September 1901  
Horse 11 May 1883 6 April 1901  
Electric 30 October 1901    
Krefeld lines extended to: Mönchengladbach (Neuwerk   1910 8 March 1954 Now closed.
  Moers   1918 2 November 1962 Now closed.
           
Rheinbahn Düsseldorf Horse 6 February 1876 21 June 1900  
Steam 5 August 1901 30 April 1902  
Electric 27 January 1896   Lines extend to Neuss (27 December 1901 – ). First tunnel segment opened 4 October 1981. See also Rheinbahn; link to English-language page.
  Düsseldorf - Duisburg Electric 31 October 1899   New alignment opened 1 May 1926.
  ♦ Düsseldorf - Moers Electric 1911 20 October 1958  
  Düsseldorf - Krefeld Electric 15 December 1898    
  Mettmann Electric 19 July 1909 17 May 1952  
  ♦ Düsseldorf (Benrath) - Solingen (Ohligs) Electric 1899 15 April 1962  
  ♦ Düsseldorf (Benrath) - Wuppertal (Vohwinkel) Steam 1899 1900  
Electric 1900 7 May 1961  
  Neuss Electric 24 December 1910 7 August 1971 Served by Düsseldorf system (21 December 1901 – ).  
           
  Solingen Electric 1 July 1897 15 November 1959  
Solingen lines extended to: Wuppertal (Vohwinkel)   1899 1 October 1958 Now closed.
  Solingen (Ohligs)   19 November 1898 1 August 1953 Now closed.
  Burg am der Wupper   1908 12 October 1959 Now closed.
           
  Remscheid Electric 9 July 1893 10 April 1969  
Remscheid lines extended to: Burg am der Wupper   12 July 1900 31 July 1960 Now closed.
  Wuppertal (Cronenfeld)   1901 30 April 1965 Worked jointly with Wuppertal system, now closed.
           
  Wuppertal Horse 10 April 1874 5 February 1896  
Steam 28 May 1891 3 April 1903  
Electric 16 April 1894 30 May 1987 Towns of Barmen, Eberfeld and several neighboring towns were amalgamated at 1929 as Wuppertal.
Barmer Bergbahn ♦ Rack tramway (zahnradbahn), Barmen - Toelleturm Electric 16 April 1894 4 July 1959  
Wuppertal lines extended to: Velbert - Essen (Werden)   15 March 1899 1 February 1952 Now closed.
  Essen (Steele)   24 November 1907 16 April 1954 Now closed.
  Sprockhövel - Hattingen   1907 30 November 1953 Now closed.
  Schwelm - Milspe   7 August 1896 3 May 1969 Schwelm - Milpse segment, 18 January 1907 – 28 September 1964. Now closed.
  Remscheid   15 August 1901 16 June 1954 Now closed.
  Solingen   4 August 1914 3 May 1969 Now closed.
  Wülfrath   19 July 1909 1 June 1952 Now closed.
  Mettmann   19 July 1909 17 May 1952 Now closed.
           
  Ennepetal (in Westfalen) Electric 24 February 1907 31 March 1956  
Ennepetal lines extended: Gevelsberg - Milspe - Voerde   24 February 1907 31 March 1956 Now closed.
  Gevelsberg - Haßlinghausen   19 May 1909 31 March 1956 Now closed.
           
  Hagen Horse 13 November 1884 1 July 1898  
Accumulator (storage battery) 7 January 1895 20 December 1902  
Electric 18 November 1896 29 May 1976  
Hagen lines extended to: Gevelsberg   12 April 1900 26 July 1953 Now closed.
  Hagen (Hohenlimburg)   8 May 1900 15 September 1968 Now closed.
  Eckesey Horse 7 July 1895 189_  
Accumulator (storage battery) 1 July 1898 20 October 1900  
Electric 21 October 1900 26 May 1974  
  Hagen (Haspe) - Voerde - Breckerfeld Steam 1 May 1903 1927 (?) Opened in stages to 1906. Passenger service withdrawn 1921. restored 1926.
Electric 9 December 1927 2 November 1963 Separate undertaking to 1926.
  Iserlohn Electric 4 March 1901 31 December 1959  

Note for Rheydt: Amalgamated with Mönchengladbach from 29 July 1929 to 31 July 1933, and again from 1 January 1975.

Note for Mettmann: Line extended Düsseldorf (Auf der Hardt) - Mettmann (closed 9 December 1936) - Wülfrath (closed 14 May 1938) - Tönisheide (closed 14 May 1938), and Mettmann - Wieden (closed 17 May 1952). Separate undertaking to 1 April 1937.

Note for Wuppertal: Town tramway system ranked as fifth-largest in Germany, with peak system length of 175 km (109 mi, ca. 1948).

Bezirksregierung Köln (Cologne Region) towns in geographic order, north to south:

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Opladen - Lützenkirchen Electric 9 April 1914 11 July 1955  
  Köln - Opladen - Solingen (Ohligs) / Solingen (Höhscheid) Electric 22 July 1911 10 July 1955  
  Köln Horse 28 April 1877 22 May 1907  
Steam 13 November 1893 1914  
Electric 15 October 1901   First tunnel segment opened 1968.
  Wahn Electric 6 May 1917 1 October 1961  
  Zündorf - Troisdorf - Siegburg Electric 19 March 1914 31 August 1965 Opened in stages, completed 1 October 1921. Closed in stages from 14 October 1963.
Rheinuferbahn Köln - Wesseling - Bonn Electric September 1905    
Vorgebirgsbahn Köln - Brühl - Bonn Electric 1 August 1897   Opened in stages, (Köln - Brühl) completed 20 January 1898.
  Bonn Horse 19 April 1891 24 September 1909  
Steam 22 May 1892 12 October 1911  
Electric 21 May 1902   First tunnel segment opened 22 March 1975.
  Bonn - Bad Godesberg Steam 22 May 1892 1911  
Electric 27 March 1911   Tunnel segment in Bad Godesberg opened September 1994.  
  ♦ Bad Godesberg - Mehlem Electric 3 October 1911 23 December 1976  
  Bonn - Siegburg Electric 21 September 1911    
  Bonn - Königswinter - Bad Honnef Electric 18 March 1913   Königswinter - Bad Honnef segment opened 27 September 1925.

Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bad Kreuznach Electric 11 September 1906 5 January 1953  
  Bingen am Rhein Electric 25 February 1906 20 October 1955  
  Idar-Oberstein Electric 1 October 1900 29 July 1956  
  Kaiserslautern Electric 18 December 1916 1 July 1935  
  Koblenz Horse 28 May 1887 1 October 1899  
Electric 17 January 1899 19 July 1967  
  Ludwigshafen am Rhein Horse 2 June 1878 23 May 1902  
Electric 30 May 1902   Operated jointly with Mannheim (Baden-Württemberg) system (q.v.).
Rhein-Haardtbahn Ludwigshafen - Bad Dürkheim Electric 4 September 1913   Trains operate over town tramway systems in Ludwigshafen and Mannheim (Baden-Württemberg) to serve business centers and main railway stations.
  Mainz Horse 27 September 1883 1 October 1904  
Steam 12 August 1891 8 June 1923  
Electric 15 July 1904   Article: Trams in Mainz
See also Wiesbaden (Hesse).
  Neuwied Electric 29 July 1901 31 October 1950  
  Pirmasens Electric 8 June 1905 3 July 1943  
  Trier Horse 27 July 1890[1] 15 July 1905  
Electric 13 October 1905[1] 14 September 1951[1]  
  Worms (am Rhein) Electric 22 December 1906 29 January 1956  

Saarland[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Neunkirchen (im Saarland) Electric 13 September 1907 10 June 1978  
  Saarbrücken Steam 4 November 1890 26 September 1899  
Electric 8 February 1899 22 May 1965
Electric 24 October 1997 - International line to Sarreguemines in France.
  Rastpfuhl - Heusweiler Electric 27 January 1907 1948 Separate undertaking to 1 July 1937.
  Saarlouis Electric 20 May 1913 28 February 1961  
  ♦ Saarlouis - Dillingen (an der Saar)     31 May 1957  
  Völklingen (an der Saar) Electric 3 September 1909 18 April 1959  

Sachsen (Saxony)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Kirnitzschtalbahn Bad Schandau Electric 28 May 1898   Operation suspended from 21 July 1969 following an accident. Operation restored from 24 July 1972.
  Chemnitz Horse 22 April 1880 5 February 1894  
Electric 19 December 1893   First standard-gauge line opened 8 May 1960. Last 925-mm gauge line closed 6 November 1988.
  ♦ Chemnitz - Altchemnitz - Stollberg Electric 15 December 2002   Operates over DB railway line (Würschnitztalbahn) between Altchemnitz and Stollberg,
Döbelner Straßenbahn Döbeln Horse 10 July 1892   Closed 20 December 1926; reopened 9 June 2007
Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe  Dresden Horse 26 September 1872 25 August 1900  
Gas 28 July 1894 31 December 1895  
Electric 6 July 1893   1,450-mm gauge  
  Dresden - Bühlau Electric 22 August 1899   Separate undertaking to 1926.
  Dresden-Cotta - Cossebaude Electric 27 September 1906 2 December 1990 Separate undertaking to 1926.
Lößnitzbahn Dresden-Mickten - Zitzschewig Electric 21 August 1899   First electric narrow-gauge railway in Saxony, later regauged. Separate undertaking to 1926. Initial segment, Mickten - Weißes Roß. Weißes Roß - Radebeul - Coswig reopened in stages September 1929 – May 1930. Coswig - Weinböhla reopened 14 November 1931.
Lockwitztalbahn Dresden-Niedersedlitz - Kreischa Electric 3 March 1906 18 October 1977  
  Freiberg in Sachsen Electric 11 August 1902 31 December 1919  
  Görlitz Horse 25 May 1882 30 November 1897  
Electric 1 December 1897   See also Zgorzelec, Poland.
  Hohenstein-Ernstthal - Oelsnitz (Erzgebirge) Electric 15 February 1913 26 March 1960  
  Klingenthal (Sachsen) Electric 27 May 1917 4 April 1964  
  Leipzig Horse 18 May 1872 16 April 1897  
Electric 17 April 1896   See Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe, Leipzig Tramway Network History.
  Meißen Electric 13 December 1899 1 March 1936  
  Plauen (im Vogtland) Electric 17 November 1894    
  Zittau Accumulator (storage battery) 29 June 22 September 1902  
Electric 14 December 1904 19 November 1919  
  Zwickau Electric 6 May 1894    

Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bernburg Electric 1 April 1897 19 April 1921  
  Dessau Gas 15 November 1894 24 March 1901  
Electric 26 March 1901    
  Groß Rosenburg Horse 3 October 1884 1 October 1922  
  Halberstadt Horse 28 June 1887 30 April 1903  
Electric 2 May 1903    
  Halle an der Saale Horse 15 October 1882 14 May 1899  
Electric 24 April 1891    
  ♦ 'Halle - Merseburg Electric 15 March 1902   Separate undertaking to 1 May 1951.
  Magdeburg Horse 16 October 1877 19 December 1899  
Steam 14 July 1886 21 March 1900  
Electric 18 July 1899    
  Mansfeld - Eisleben Electric 10 April 1900 2 December 1922  
  Naumburg (an der Saale) Electric 18 June 1892   Operation suspended 19 August 1991 because of poor track condition. Reopening in 2007.
  Schönebeck - Salzelmen Horse 22 June 1886 15 February 1917  
  Staßfurt Electric 10 April 1900 31 December 1957  
  Stendal Horse 3 June 1892 14 October 1926  
  Lutherstadt Wittenberg Horse 26 July 1888 1921  
  Zerbst Horse 2 November 1891 1 August 1928  

Schleswig-Holstein[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Wittdün - Norddorf (Amrum island, North Frisian Islands) Steam 1893 1 November 1939  
Electric 10 July 1909 August 1910 Use of electric traction ended because generating station was destroyed by fire. Overhead contact system removed 1920. Operation suspended 17 October 1918 – 1920.
  Flensburg Horse 8 May 1881 30 December 1906  
Electric 6 July 1907 2 June 1973  
  Kiel Horse 9 July 1881 11 April 1896  
Electric 12 May 1896 4 May 1985  
  Lübeck Horse 1 May 1881 19 June 1894  
Electric 12 May 1894 15 November 1959  
  Schleswig Horse 1 July 1890 31 December 1909  
Electric 1 January 1910 26 August 1936  

Light railway (kleinbahn) operating under tramway (straßenbahn) concession (from 1952–1953):

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Sylt (Sylter Inselbahn)        
♦ Nordbahn Westerland - List   8 July 1888 29 December 1970  
♦ Südbahn Westerland - Hörnum   1 July 1901 30 May 1970  

Thüringen (Thuringia)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Altenburg Electric 18 April 1895 30 April 1920  
  Eisenach Electric 3 August 1897 31 December 1975  
  Erfurt Horse 13 May 1883 20 August 1894  
Electric 1 June 1894    
  Gera Electric 22 February 1892    
  Gotha Electric 3 May 1894    
Thüringerwaldbahn Gotha - Waltershausen Electric 17 July 1929    
  Jena Electric 6 April 1901    
  Mühlhausen Electric 21 December 1898 27 June 1969  
  Nordhausen Electric 25 August 1900    
  Weimar Electric 4 June 1899 30 June 1937  

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Zenz, Emil (1980). 75 Jahre Städtische Verkehrsbetriebe, 1905–1980 [75 Years of City Transit Service]. Stadtwerke Trier. pp. 20, 96–98. 

See also[edit]