List of urban tram networks in Germany

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This is a list of town tramway systems in Germany by Land. It includes all tram systems, past and present.

Baden-Württemberg[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Baden-Baden 1000 electric 24 Jan 1910 28 Feb 1951  
  Esslingen 1000 electric 24 May 1912 07 July 1944  
  ♦ Esslingen - Nellingen - Denkendorf 1000 electric 19 Dec 1926 28 Feb 1978  
VAG Freiburg Freiburg im Breisgau 1000 electric 14 Oct 1901    
  Heidelberg 1000 Horse 13 May 1885 07 Oct 1902  
1000 Electric 17 Mar 1903   see also Mannheim.
  ♦ Heidelberg - Schwetzingen      
  ♦ Schwetzingen - Ketsch 1000 Electric 12 Dec 1910 31 Mar 1938.  
  Walldorf (in Baden) 1000 Horse 22 Feb 1902 21 Feb 1907  
1000 electric 22 Feb 1907 01 Aug 1954 Separate undertaking to 3 September 1945.
  Wiesloch 1000 Horse 01 Sep 1886 04 July 1901  
  ♦ Heidelberg - Wiesloch electric 24 July 1901 16 June 1973  
  Heilbronn (am Neckar) 1435 electric 29 May 1897 01 April 1955
  Heilbronn (am Neckar) 1435 electric 2001 segment workes as part of Karlsruhe regional system.
  Karlsruhe Horse 21 Jan 1877 19 Mar 1900  
Steam 16 July 1881 19 Mar 1900  
Accumulator (storage battery) 10 Feb 1900 1903  
electric 10 Feb 1900    
Albtalbahn   Steam 01 Dec 1897 1911  
electric 01 Dec 1898    
  ♦ Karlsruhe - Ettlingen   01 Dec 1897    
  ♦ Ettlingen - Bad Herrenalb   2 July 1898   Opened in stages, completed 02 July 1898.
  ♦ Branch Busenbach - Ittersbach   10 April 1899    
  Lörrach electric 16 Novr 1919 31 Aug 1967 Worked by tramcars hired from Basel Switzerland, tramway undertaking . Operation suspended 1 September 1939 – 11 May 1947 because of closure of border.
  Mannheim Horse 02 June 1878 22 May 1902  
Steam 06 May 1884 23 Mar 1914  
1000 electric 10 Dec 1900   Operated jointly with Ludwigshafen system (q.v.). See also Heidelberg.
OEG Mannheim - Heidelberg Steam 12 Dec 1887 31 Aug 1956  
1000 electric 10 Dec 1900    
OEG Mannheim - Heidelberg       Opened 1892. Electrified 1928–1929.
OEG Mannheim - Weinheim       Opened 1887. Electrified 1915.
OEG Heidelberg - Weinheim 1000       Opened 1890. Electrified 1949–1956.
  Müllheim 1000 Steam 15 Feb 1896 1913  
1000 Electric 07 April 1914 22 May 1955  
  ♦ Müllheim - Badenweiler     22 May 1955  
  Pforzheim 1000 electric 0 Dec 1911 10 Oct 1964  
  Ravensburg - Weingarten - Baienfurt 1000 Steam 06 Jan 1888 12 Sep 1911  
1000 Electric 01 Sep 1910 01 July 1959  
  Reutlingen 1000 Steam 01 Nov 1899 24 July 1912  
1000 electric 24 July 1912 19 Oct 1974  
  Stuttgart 1435 Horse 28 July 1868 28 Nov 1896  
1000 electric 26 Sep 1895   First tunnel segment opened 1966
1435 electric 28 Sep 1985  
  Bad Cannstatt electric 20 July 1899   Separate undertaking to 01 January 1919.
  Feuerbach electric 30 Dec 1926   Separate undertaking to 01 January 1934.
  Rack tramway Steam 23 Aug 1884 1907  
electric 01 May 1904    
  Ulm (an der Donau) 1000 electric 15 May 1897    

Bayern (Bavaria)[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Augsburg 1435 Horse 08 May 1881 31 Aug 1898  
1435 Steam 12 September 1886 15 June 1887  
1000 electric 01 Sep 1898    
  Bamberg 1000 electric 01 Nov 1897 10 June 1922  
  Hof (an der Saale 1000 electric 05 Aug 1901 14 Nov 1922  
  Ingolstadt (an der Donau) 1435 Horse 10 Nov 1878 03 Mar 1921  
1000 (Electric)     Construction started, not completed (ca. 1914).
  Landshut (in Bayern) 1000 Horse 01 July 1902 1913  
1000 electric 15 Jan 1913 18 Mar 1945 Closed because of war damage.
Straßenbahn München
(owned by MVG)
München /Munich 1435 Horse 21 Oct 1876 01 Nov 1900  
1435 Steam 09 June 1883 15 July 1900  
Accumulator (storage battery) 01 July 1886 17 July 1895  
1435 electric 23 June 1895   See also Trams in Munich.
  Nürnberg /Nuremberg 1435 Horse 25 Aug 1881 20 July 1898  
1435 electric 07 May 1896   See also Trams in Nuremberg.
  ♦ Nürnberg - Fürth 1435 Steam 07 Dec 1835 31 Oct 1922 Bayerische Ludwigsbahn, Nürnberg - Fürth, first railway in Germany.
Electric  ? 21 June 1981 Express tramway, built on alignment of closed railway (Ludwigsbahn). Closed, together with remaining tramway lines in Fürth, because of U-Bahn (metro) construction.
  Regensburg 1000 electric 21 April 1903 01 Aug 1964  
  Schweinfurt 1000 Horse 05 May 1895 31 Jan 1921  
  Würzburg 1000 Horse 08 April 1892 04 Oct 1900  
1000 electric 18 Sep 1924 20 April 1920

-

Reopened by a new undertaking. See also Trams in Würzburg.

Berlin[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Straßenbahn Berlin
(Owned by BVG)
Berlin 1435 Horse 22 June 1865 08 Dec 1907  
1435 Steam 05 May 1886 1919  
Accumulator (storage battery) 08 Feb 1895 1902  
electric 16 May 1881    
  ♦♦ AdlershofAltglienicke electric 5 June 1909 31 Dec 1992 Separate undertaking to 16 April 1921.
  Buchholz 1435 Horse 09 July 1904 08 Dec 1907  
1435 electric 08 Dec 1907   Separate undertaking to 22 July 1907.
  Heiligensee an der Havel 1435 electric 29 May 1913 01 June 1958 Separate undertaking to 3 December 1920.
  Köpenick (Cöpenick) 1435 Horse 18 Oct 1882 11 Aug 1903  
1435 electric 11 Aug 1903   Separate undertaking to 1 October 1920.
  ♦♦ Schmöckwitz - Grünau Petrol (gasoline) 09 Mar 1912 27 July 1912 The planned overhead line was not set up due to public protests regarding a ruined view of the waterfront. Higher than expected passenger numbers caused the management to change quickly its mind and to commission AEG with the installation of the overhead line. .
electric 27 July 1912   Separate undertaking to 30 September 1924.
  Spandau 1000 Horse 05 June 1892 17 Mar 1896  
1000 electric 18 Mar 1896 27 Oct 1907 converted to 1435 mm
1435 electric 28 Okt 1907 02 Oct 1967 converted from 1000 mm
1435 electric 18 Mar 1896 02 Oct 1967 Separate undertaking by AEG to 01 August 1920.
  ♦♦ Spandau - Nonnendamm 1435 electric 30 Sep 1908 02 Oct 1967  
  ♦♦ Spandau West - Hennigsdorf 1435 Petrol (gasoline) 01 Aug 1923 11 Nov 1929  
1435 electric 11 Nov 1929 __ April 1945  
Grunewaldbahn Steglitz 1435 electric 03 Dec 1905 02 May 1963  
  ♦♦ Berlin-Lichterfelde - Steglitz - Südende station - Mariendorf line electric 16 May 1881 14 Feb 1930 Incorporated Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway opened 1881 by Siemens und Halske, world's first electric tramway.
  ♦♦ Berlin-Lichterfelde - Teltow - Stahnsdorf - Kleinmachnow (Canal lock) Steam 01 July 1888 30 Mar 1907  
electric 30 Mar 1907 02 May 1966  

Note for Berlin: Tramway divided into East Berlin and West Berlin systems from 16 January 1953. West Berlin tramway lines replaced by motorbus from 1954, final closure on 2 October 1967. (See Berlin Straßenbahn; link to English-language page.)

Brandenburg[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Brandenburg (an der Havel) 1000 Horse 01 Oct 1897 20 April 1911  
1000 electric 01 April 1911    
  Plaue (an der Havel) 1000 electric 24 Dec 1912 28 Sep 2002 Separate undertaking to 1 October 1952.
  Cottbus (Chóśebuz) 1000 electric 08 July 1903    
  Eberswalde 1435 electric 01 Sep 1910 03 Nov 1940  
  Frankfurt an der Oder 1000 electric 23 Jan 1898   see also Słubice, Poland.
  Guben 1000 electric 24 Feb 1904 08 June 1938 see also Gubin, Poland.
  Jüterbog 1000 Horse 21 Mar 1897 29 July 1928  
  Küstrin 1000 electric 16 May 1927 30 Jan 1945 see also Kostrzyn nad Odrą;, Poland.
Straßenbahn Potsdam
(Owned by ViP)
♦♦ Potsdam 1435 Horse 11 May 1880 01 Sep 1907  
1435 electric 02 Sep 1907    
  ♦♦ Schöneiche (bei Berlin) 1000 Petrol (gasoline) 28 Aug 1910 30 May 1914  
1000 electric 30 May 1914    
Strausberger Eisenbahn ♦♦ Strausberg 1435 Steam 17 Aug 1893 15 Mar 1921  
1435 electric 18 Mar 1921    
  Werder (an der Havel) 1000 Horse 27 July 1895 07 Aug 1926  
  ♦♦ Woltersdorf (bei Berlin) 1435 electric 17 May 1913    

Bremen[edit]

Location Name of System Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (from)
(year-month-day)
Date (to)
(year-month-day)
Notes
Bremen Trams in Bremen 1435 Horse 1875-June-04 1911-Oct-31  
1435 electric 1890-June-22    
Bremerhaven Trams in Bremerhaven 1435 Horse 1881-June-26 1908-Aug-28  
1435 Accumulator (storage battery) 1898-Aug-21 1908-July-31  
1435 electric 1908-June-04 1982-July-30  

Hamburg[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Hamburg 1435 Horse 16 Aug 1866 18 Dec 1922  
1435 Steam 13 May 1878 22 June 1897  
1435 electric 05 Mar 1894 01 Oct 1978  
  Harburg 1435 electric 30 Sep 1899 24 Sep 1975  
  Alt-Rahlstedt - Volksdorf 1435 electric 30 Oct 1906 15 April 1923 Town tramway service on local railway (kleinbahn).
  Altona - Blankenese 1435 electric 26 Aug 1899 09 Nov 1921  

Hessen[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bad Homburg (vor der Höhe) 1435 electric 26 July 1899 31 July 1935 Served by line of Frankfurt am Main system to 1971 (this line was upgraded to the Frankfurt U-Bahn line that serves Bad Homburg).
  Darmstadt 1000 Horse 25 Aug 1886 31 Mar 1922  
1000 electric 24 Nov 1897    
  Eltville - Schlangenbad 1000 Steam 20 June 1895 17 Mar 1933  
  Frankfurt am Main 1435 Horse 19 May 1872 17 June 1904  
1435 Steam 01 Sep 1888 13 July 1929  
1435 Accumulator (storage battery) 01 Jan 1897 09 Sep 1900  
1435 electric 18 Feb 1884   (see: Trams in Frankfurt am Main)
  Offenbach am Main Horse 10 April 1884 28 Oct 1906  
electric 27 Oct 1906 03 Nov 1963. Worked by Frankfurt tramway system, 31 March 1907 – 3 November 1963. Offenbach am Main served by line of Frankfurt am Main tramway system to 1 June 1996.
  Gießen 1435 electric 20 Nov 1909 31 Mar 1953  
  Hanau 1435 electric 15 June 1908 18 Mar 1945 Closed because of war damage.
  Kassel 1435 Steam 09 July 1877 10 May 1899  
1435 Horse 27 April 1884 28 Feb 1899  
1435 electric 14 Dec 1898    
  Kassel - Wolfsanger Horse 24 Sep 1897 20 Oct 1911  
1435 electric 20 Oct 1911    
Herkulesbahn ♦ Kassel - Palmenbad, Brasselsberg, Herkules, Hohes Gras 1000 electric 27 April 1903 12 April 1966  
  Marburg (an der Lahn) 1000 Horse 01 Oct 1903 10 Oct 1911  
1000 electric 28 Nov 1911 17 May 1951  
  Wiesbaden Horse 16 Aug 1875 14 Aug 1900  
1000 Steam 18 May 1889 27 Aug 1900  
1000 electric 16 May 1896 30 April 1955 See also Mainz (Rheinland-Pfalz).

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Rostock Rostock 1435 electric 16 Oct 1888
Trams in Schwerin Schwerin 1435 electric 01 Dec 1908
  Stralsund 1000 electric 25 Mar 1900 07 April 1966  
  Warnemünde 1000 electric 01 July 1910 30 April 1945 Closed because of war damage.

Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony)[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bad Pyrmont 1000 Horse 01 June 1879 12 Mar 1925  
  Bückeburg - Bad Eilsen 1435 electric 1918 21 May 1966  
  Braunschweig 1100 Horse 11 Oct 1879 24 Sep 1904  
1100 electric 28 Oct 1897  
  Celle 1100 electric 01 Nov 1907 02 June 1956  
  Cuxhaven 1435 Petrol-electric (Benzolelektrisch) 06 July 1914 02 Aug 1914  
  Emden 1000 electric 23 Feb 1902 30 April 1953  
  Göttingen (electric)     Construction started, not completed (1914)
  Hannover 1435 Horse 16 Sep 1872 1897  
1435 Accumulator (storage battery) 10 Sep 1895 20 Nov 1903  
1435 electric 19 May 1893    
  ♦ Hannover - Hildesheim 1435 electric 22 Mar 1899 16 Aug 1959  
  Hildesheim 1435 electric 7 August 1905 22 March 1945 Closed because of war damage.
  Osnabrück 1000 electric 31 Jan 1906 29 May 1960  
  Wilhelmshaven 1435 electric 17 Mar 1913 30 Mar 1945 Closed because of war damage.

Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia)[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Aachen 1435 Horse 26 Dec 1880 10 Sep 1897  
1000 Caustic soda (Natronsmotor) June 1884 Mar 1885  
1000 electric 15 July 1895 29 Sep 1974  
  Eschweiler electric 1897 06 Oct 1969  
  Stolberg Electric 1898 08 Jan 1967  
  Bad Salzuflen 1000 Horse 01 July 1909 1924  
  ♦ Bad Salzuflen - Schötmar Horse 15 June 1912 1915  
  Bielefeld 1000 electric 20 Dec 1900    
  Düren Steam 01 April 1893 1913  
electric 20 Nov0 1913 30 June 1965  
Dürener Kreisbahn ♦ Düren - Nörvenich - Besenich electric 06 Oct 1908 30 April 1963 Nörvenich - Besenich closed 31 January 1960. Düren - Nörvenich closed 30 April 1963.
  Gummersbach 1435 electric 01 Oct 1915 04 Oct 1953  
  Herford 1000 Steam 10 Aug 1900 10 May 1932  
1000 electric 26 June 1930 22 April 1966  
  Kleve 1435 Electric 01 Oct 1911 31 Mar 1962  
  Minden (in Westfalen) 1000 Steam 07 Sep 1893 07 Dec 1920  
1000 electric 09 Dec 1920 29 Dec 1959  
  Münster (in Westfalen) 1000 electric 14 July 1901 25 Nov 1954  
  Paderborn 1000 electric 11 Nov 1900 27 Sep 1963  
  Detmold 1000 electric 01 Mar 1900 15 Aug 1954 Separate undertaking to 1920.
  Plettenberg 1000 Steam 25 May 1896 01 Jan 1959  
  Rees - Empel 1000 Steam 05 Sep 1897 1914  
1435 electric 28 Feb 1915 30 April 1966  
  Wesel - Rees - Emmerich (am Rhein) 1435 electric 25 May 1914 30 April 1966  
  Siegen 1435 electric 14 Nov 1904 31 Aug 1958  
  ♦ Siegen - Kreuztal electric 14 Nov 1904 29 May 1952  

Rhein-Ruhr[edit]

Ruhrgebiet (Ruhr Area) towns in geographic order, west to east:

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Moers 1000 electric 01 Oct 1908 25 Sep 1954  
  Homberg 1000 electric 01 April 1909 25 Sep 1954 Separate undertaking to 1 January 1925.
Homberg lines extended to: ♦♦ Ruhrort   1913 March 1945  
Homberg also served by: ♦♦ Düsseldorf (Rheinbahn) system   1911 20 Oct 1958  
  ♦♦ Krefeld system   1918 02 Nov 1962  
           
  ♦ Moers - Kamp - Rheinberg 1435 electric 12 Feb 1915 11 Oct 1952  
           
  Duisburg 1435 Horse 24 Dec 1881 31 July 1898  
1435 Steam 22 July 1882 25 Dec 1897  
1435 electric 03 Aug 1897   First Stadtbahn tunnel segment opened 11 July 1992.
Duisburg lines extend to: Ruhrort   24 Dec 1881    
  Hamborn 1435   24 Feb 1898    
  Dinslaken   01 May 1900    
  Mülheim an der Ruhr   1912    
           
  Oberhausen (im Rheinland) electric 04 April 1897
01 June 1996
13 Oct 1968
present
-

Connects with Mülheim an der Ruhr system.

Oberhausen lines connected with: ♦ Essen system       Now closed.
  ♦ Mülheim an der Ruhr system       Closed, now reopened.
  ♦ Recklinghausen system       Now closed.
  ♦ Duisburg system       No track connection at Duisburg-Holten because of gauge difference. Now closed.
Oberhausen also served by: ♦ Mülheim an der Ruhr system     04 April 1971  
           
  Mülheim an der Ruhr electric 08 July 1897   First Stadtbahn tunnel opened 03 November 1979 (served by Essen system). First tunnel segment for Mülheim system opened 27 April 1985
  Mülheim an der Ruhr 1435 electric 27 April 1985   Stadtbahn tunnel segment
Mülheim an der Ruhr lines connect with: ♦ Essen system        
  ♦ Oberhausen system        
           
  Essen electric 23 Aug 1893   First tunnel segment opened 05 October 1967. First Stadtbahn tunnel segment opened 29 May 1977.
Essen lines connect with: ♦ Mülheim an der Ruhr system        
  ♦ Bochum - Gelsenkirchen system        
  ♦ Recklinghausen system       Now closed.
           
  Bochum - Gelsenkirchen 1000 electric 23 Nov 1894   First tunnel segment (Bochum) opened 26 May 1979. First Stadtbahn tunnel segment (Bochum - Herne) opened 02 September 1989. First tunnel segment (Gelsenkirchen) opened 01 September 1984.
Bochum - Gelsenkirchen lines extend to: Herne   23 Nov 1894    
  Wanne-Eickel   20 Oct 1896    
  Gelsenkirchen   03 Nov 1895    
  Buer   24 June 1901    
  Horst   24 June 1901 18 Oct 1955 Now closed.
  Hattingen   01 Oct 1902    
  Witten   21 Dec 1900    
  Castrop-Rauxel   20 Dec 1909 08 May 1967  
           
  Hattingen electric 12 Mar 1914 30 June 1969 Operation suspended 24 October 1923 – 31 May 1924 because of Occupation of the Ruhr. Separate undertaking to 01 October 1932.
           
  Herne electric 20 Dec 1906 30 Sep 1959 Lines extended to Castrop-Rauxel, 15 July 1910 – 1 January 1952.
           
  Castrop-Rauxel        
Served by: Bochum - Gelsenkirchen system   1909 08 May 1967  
  Herne system   15 July 1910 30 Sep 1959  
  Dortmund system   01 Nov 1910 01 July 1962  
           
  Dortmund 1435 Horse 01 June 1881 1897  
1435 Steam February 1892 1896  
1435 electric 01 Mar 1894   First tunnel segment opened 1983.
Dortmund lines extended to: Recklinghausen (Henrichenburg)   01 Nov 1910 01 July 1958 Now closed.
  Castrop-Rauxel   01 Nov 1910 01 July 1962 Now closed.
  Unna   1906 31 Mar 1965 Now closed.
           
  Unna - Kamen - Werne 1435 electric 01 Aug 1909 15 Dec 1950 See also Dortmund.
  Hamm (im Westfalen) 1000 electric 20 Oct 1898 02 April 1961  
Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Vestische Straßenbahn Recklinghausen electric 26 Feb 1898 30 Dec 1982 Connected with Essen and Bochum - Gelsenkirchen systems.
  Lines extended to:        
  Herten in Westfalen   10 May 1901 30 May 1981  
  Wanne-Eickel   10 May 1901 15 Nov 1975  
  Buer   1907 01 Oct 1980  
  Gladbeck   1909 31 Oct 1978  
  Horst   1909 31 Oct 1978  
  Bottrop   1910 27 Nov 1976  

Bezirksregierung Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf Region) and Bezirksregierung Arnsberg (Arnsberg Region) towns not tabulated above, in geographic order, west to east:

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Mönchengladbach 1000 Horse 10 Aug 1881 14 Feb 1900  
1000 electric 15 Feb 1900 15 Mar 1969 Lines extended to Rheydt (10 August 1881 – 05 October 1968). Connected with Krefeld system.
  Rheydt 1000 Horse 10 Aug 1881 14 Feb 1900  
1000 electric 15 Feb 1900 31 Jan 1959  
           
  Krefeld 1000 Steam 03 May 1883 18 Sep 1901  
1000 Horse 11 May 1883 06 April 1901  
electric 30 Oct 1901    
Krefeld lines extended to: Mönchengladbach (Neuwerk   1910 08 Mar 1954 Now closed.
  Moers   1918 02 Nov 1962 Now closed.
           
Rheinbahn Düsseldorf 1435 Horse 06 Feb 1876 21 June 1900  
1435 Steam 05 Aug 1901 30 April 1902  
1435 electric 27 Jan 1896   Lines extend to Neuss (27 December 1901 – ). First tunnel segment opened 04 October 1981. See also Rheinbahn; link to English-language page.
  Düsseldorf - Duisburg 1435 electric 31 Oct 1899   New alignment opened 01 May 1926.
  ♦ Düsseldorf - Moers electric 1911 20 Oct 1958  
  Düsseldorf - Krefeld electric 15 Dec 1898    
  Mettmann electric 19 July 1909 17 May 1952  
  ♦ Düsseldorf (Benrath) - Solingen (Ohligs) electric 1899 15 April 1962  
  ♦ Düsseldorf (Benrath) - Wuppertal (Vohwinkel) Steam 1899 1900  
electric 1900 07 May 1961  
  Neuss 1435 electric 24 Dec 1910 07 Aug 1971 Served by Düsseldorf system (21 December 1901 – )
           
  Solingen 1000 electric 01 July 1897 15 Nov 1959  
Solingen lines extended to: Wuppertal (Vohwinkel)   1899 01 Oct 1958 Now closed.
  Solingen (Ohligs)   19 Nov 1898 01 Aug 1953 Now closed.
  Burg am der Wupper   1908 12 Oct 1959 Now closed.
           
  Remscheid 1000 electric 09 July 1893 10 April 1969  
Remscheid lines extended to: Burg am der Wupper   12 July 1900 31 July 1960 Now closed.
  Wuppertal (Cronenfeld)   1901 30 April 1965 Worked jointly with Wuppertal system, now closed.
           
  Wuppertal Horse 10 April 1874 05 Feb 1896  
Steam 28 May 1891 03 April 1903  
electric 16 April 1894 30 May 1987 Towns of Barmen, Eberfeld and several neighboring towns were amalgamated at 1929 as Wuppertal.
Barmer Bergbahn ♦ Rack tramway (zahnradbahn), Barmen - Toelleturm 1000 electric 16 April 1894 04 July 1959  
Wuppertal lines extended to: Velbert - Essen (Werden)   15 Mar 1899 01 Feb 1952 Now closed.
  Essen (Steele)   24 Nov 1907 16 April 1954 Now closed.
  Sprockhövel - Hattingen   1907 30 Nov 1953 Now closed.
  Schwelm - Milspe   07 Aug 1896 03 May 1969 Schwelm - Milpse segment, 18 January 1907 – 28 September 1964. Now closed.
  Remscheid   15 Aug 1901 16 June 1954 Now closed.
  Solingen   04 Aug 1914 03 May 1969 Now closed.
  Wülfrath   19 July 1909 01 June 1952 Now closed.
  Mettmann   19 July 1909 17 May 1952 Now closed.
           
  Ennepetal (in Westfalen) electric 24 Feb 1907 31 Mar 1956  
Ennepetal lines extended: Gevelsberg - Milspe - Voerde   24 Feb 1907 31 Mar 1956 Now closed.
  Gevelsberg - Haßlinghausen   19 May 1909 31 Mar 1956 Now closed.
           
  Hagen 1000 Horse 13 Nov 1884 01 July 1898  
1000 Accumulator (storage battery) 07 Jan 1895 20 Dec 1902  
1000 electric 18 Nov 1896 29 May 1976  
Hagen lines extended to: Gevelsberg   12 April 1900 26 July 1953 Now closed.
  Hagen (Hohenlimburg)   08 May 1900 15 Sep 1968 Now closed.
  Eckesey Horse 07 July 1895 189_  
Accumulator (storage battery) 01 July 1898 20 Oct 1900  
electric 21 Oct 1900 26 May 1974  
  Hagen (Haspe) - Voerde - Breckerfeld Steam 1 May 1903 1927 (?) Opened in stages to 1906. Passenger service withdrawn 1921. restored 1926.
electric 09 Dec 1927 02 Nov 1963 Separate undertaking to 1926.
  Iserlohn electric 04 Mar 1901 31 Dec 1959  

Note for Rheydt: Amalgamated with Mönchengladbach from 29 July 1929 to 31 July 1933, and again from 1 January 1975.

Note for Mettmann: Line extended Düsseldorf (Auf der Hardt) - Mettmann (closed 9 December 1936) - Wülfrath (closed 14 May 1938) - Tönisheide (closed 14 May 1938), and Mettmann - Wieden (closed 17 May 1952). Separate undertaking to 1 April 1937.

Note for Wuppertal: Town tramway system ranked as fifth-largest in Germany, with peak system length of 175 km (109 mi, ca. 1948).

Bezirksregierung Köln (Cologne Region) towns in geographic order, north to south:

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Opladen - Lützenkirchen 1435 electric 09 April 1914 11 July 1955  
  Köln - Opladen - Solingen (Ohligs) / Solingen (Höhscheid) electric 22 July 1911 10 July 1955  
  Köln 1435 Horse 28 April 1877 22 May 1907  
Steam 13 Nov 1893 1914  
1435 electric 15 Oct 1901   First tunnel segment opened 1968.
  Wahn 1435 electric 06 May 1917 01 Oct 1961  
  Zündorf - Troisdorf - Siegburg electric 19 Mar 1914 31 Aug 1965 Opened in stages, completed 01 October 1921. Closed in stages from 14 October 1963.
Rheinuferbahn Köln - Wesseling - Bonn electric Sep 1905    
Vorgebirgsbahn Köln - Brühl - Bonn electric 1 August 1897   Opened in stages, (Köln - Brühl) completed 20 January 1898.
  Bonn 1435 Horse 19 April 1891 24 Sep 1909  
1000 Steam 22 May 1892 12 Oct 1911  
1435 electric 21 May 1902   First tunnel segment opened 22 March 1975.
  Bonn - Bad Godesberg 1000 Steam 22 May 1892 1911  
1435 electric 27 Mar 1911   Tunnel segment in Bad Godesberg opened September 1994
  ♦ Bad Godesberg - Mehlem electric 03 Oct 1911 23 Dec 1976  
  Bonn - Siegburg electric 21 Sep 1911    
  Bonn - Königswinter - Bad Honnef electric 18 Mar 1913   Königswinter - Bad Honnef segment opened 27 September 1925.

Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate)[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bad Kreuznach 1000 electric 11 Sept 1906 05 Jan 1953  
  Bingen am Rhein 1435 electric 25 Feb 1906 20 Oct 1955  
  Idar-Oberstein 1000 electric 01 Oct 1900 29 July 1956  
  Kaiserslautern 1325 electric 18 Dec 1916 01 July 1935  
  Koblenz 1000 Horse 28 May 1887 01 Oct 1899  
1000 electric 17 Jan 1899 19 July 1967  
  Ludwigshafen am Rhein 1435 Horse 02 June 1878 23 May 1902  
1000 electric 30 May 1902   Operated jointly with Mannheim (Baden-Württemberg) system (q.v.).
Rhein-Haardtbahn Ludwigshafen - Bad Dürkheim 1000 electric 04 Sep 1913   Trains operate over town tramway systems in Ludwigshafen and Mannheim (Baden-Württemberg) to serve business centers and main railway stations.
  Mainz 1000 Horse 27 Sep 1883 01 Oct 1904  
1000 Steam 12 Aug 1891 08 June 1923  
1000 electric 15 July 1904   Article: Trams in Mainz
See also Wiesbaden (Hesse).
  Neuwied 1000 electric 29 July 1901 31 Oct 1950  
  Pirmasens 1000 electric 08 June 1905 03 July 1943  
  Trier 1435 Horse 27 July 1890[1] 15 July 1905  
1435 Electric 13 Oct 1905[1] 14 Sep 1951[1]  
  Worms (am Rhein) 1000 electric 22 Dec 1906 29 Jan 1956  

Saarland[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Neunkirchen (im Saarland) 1435 electric 13 Sep 1907 10 June 1978  
  Saarbrücken 1000 Steam 04 Nov 1890 26 Sep 1899  
1000 electric 08 Feb 1899 22 May 1965
1435 electric 24 Oct 1997 - International line to Sarreguemines in France.
  Rastpfuhl - Heusweiler electric 27 Jan 1907 1948 Separate undertaking to 1 July 1937.
  Saarlouis 1435 electric 20 May 1913 28 Feb 1961  
  ♦ Saarlouis - Dillingen (an der Saar) 1435     31 May 1957  
  Völklingen (an der Saar) 1000 electric 03 Sep 1909 18 April 1959  

Sachsen (Saxony)[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Kirnitzschtalbahn Bad Schandau 1000 electric 28 May 1898   Operation suspended from 21 July 1969 following an accident. Operation restored from 24 July 1972.
  Chemnitz 914 Horse 22 April 1880 05 Feb 1894  
925 electric 19 Dec 1893 06 Nov 1988
1435 electric 08 May 1960  
  ♦ Chemnitz - Altchemnitz - Stollberg 1435 electric 15 Dece 2002   Operates over DB railway line (Würschnitztalbahn) between Altchemnitz and Stollberg,
Döbelner Straßenbahn Döbeln 1000 Horse 10 July 1892   Closed 20 December 1926; reopened 09 June 2007
Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe  Dresden Horse 26 Sep 1872 25 Aug 1900  
1450 Gas 28 July 1894 31 Dece 1895  
1450 electric 06 July 1893   1,450-mm gauge  
  Dresden - Bühlau electric 22 Aug 1899   Separate undertaking to 1926.
  Dresden-Cotta - Cossebaude electric 27 Sep 1906 02 Dec 1990 Separate undertaking to 1926.
Lößnitzbahn Dresden-Mickten - Zitzschewig 1000 electric 21 Aug 1899   First electric narrow-gauge railway in Saxony, later regauged. Separate undertaking to 1926. Initial segment, Mickten - Weißes Roß. Weißes Roß - Radebeul - Coswig reopened in stages September 1929 – May 1930. Coswig - Weinböhla reopened 14 November 1931.
Lockwitztalbahn Dresden-Niedersedlitz - Kreischa 1000 electric 03 Mar 1906 18 Oct 1977  
  Freiberg in Sachsen 1000 electric 11 Aug 1902 31 Dec 1919  
  Görlitz 1435 Horse 25 May 1882 30 Nov 1897  
1000 electric 01 Dec 1897   See also Zgorzelec, Poland.
  Hohenstein-Ernstthal - Oelsnitz (Erzgebirge) 1000 electric 15 Feb 1913 26 Mar 1960  
  Klingenthal (Sachsen) 1000 electric 27 May 1917 04 April 1964  
  Leipzig 1458 Horse 18 May 1872 16 April 1897  
1458 electric 17 April 1896   See Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe, Leipzig Tramway Network History.
  Meißen 1000 electric 13 Dec 1899 01 Mar 1936  
  Plauen (im Vogtland) 1000 electric 17 Nov 1894    
  Zittau 1450 Accumulator (storage battery) 29 June 22 Sep 1902  
1000 electric 14 Dec 1904 19 Nov 1919  
  Zwickau 1000 electric 06 May 1894    

Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt)[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bernburg 1000 electric 1 April 1897 19 April 1921  
  Dessau Gas 15 Nov 1894 24 Mar 1901  
1435 electric 26 Mar 1901    
  Groß Rosenburg Horse 03 Oct 1884 01 Oct 1922  
  Halberstadt 1000 Horse 28 June 1887 30 April 1903  
1000 electric 02 May 1903    
  Halle an der Saale 1000 Horse 15 Oct 1882 14 May 1899  
1000 electric 24 April 1891    
  ♦ 'Halle - Merseburg 1000 electric 15 Mar 1902   Separate undertaking to 01 May 1951.
  Magdeburg 1435 Horse 16 Oct 1877 19 Dec 1899  
1435 Steam 14 July 1886 21 Mar 1900  
1435 electric 18 July 1899    
  Mansfeld - Eisleben 1000 electric 10 April 1900 02 Dec 1922  
  Naumburg (an der Saale) 1000 electric 18 June 1892   Operation suspended 19 August 1991 because of poor track condition. Reopening in 2007.
  Schönebeck - Salzelmen 1000 Horse 22 June 1886 15 Feb 1917  
  Staßfurt 1000 electric 10 April 1900 31 Dec 1957  
  Stendal 1000 Horse 03 June 1892 14 Oct 1926  
  Lutherstadt Wittenberg 1000 Horse 26 July 1888 1921  
  Zerbst 1000 Horse 02 Nov 1891 01 Aug 1928  

Schleswig-Holstein[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Wittdün - Norddorf (Amrum island, North Frisian Islands) 900 Steam 1893 01 Nov 1939  
900 electric 10 July 1909 __ Aug 1910 Use of electric traction ended because generating station was destroyed by fire. Overhead contact system removed 1920. Operation suspended 17 October 1918 – 1920.
  Flensburg Horse 08 May 1881 30 Dec 1906  
1000 Electric 06 July 1907 02 June 1973  
  Kiel 1100 Horse 09 July 1881 11 April 1896  
1100 electric 12 May 1896 04 May 1985  
  Lübeck 1100 Horse 01 May 1881 19 June 1894  
1100 electric 12 May 1894 15 November 1959  
  Schleswig 1435 Horse 1 July 1890 31 Dec 1909  
1435 electric 01 Jan 1910 26 Aug 1936  

Light railway (kleinbahn) operating under tramway (straßenbahn) concession (from 1952–1953):

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Sylt (Sylter Inselbahn) 1000        
♦ Nordbahn Westerland - List 1000   08 July 1888 29 Dec 1970  
♦ Südbahn Westerland - Hörnum 1000   01 July 1901 30 May 1970  

Thüringen (Thuringia)[edit]

Name of System Location Gauge
(mm)
Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Altenburg 1000 electric 18 April 1895 30 April 1920  
  Eisenach 1000 electric 03 Aug 1897 31 Dec 1975  
  Erfurt 1000 Horse 13 May 1883 20 Aug 1894  
1000 electric 01 June 1894    
  Gera 1000 electric 22 Febr 1892    
  Gotha 1000 electric 03 May 1894    
Thüringerwaldbahn Gotha - Waltershausen 1000 electric 17 July 1929    
  Jena 1000 electric 06 April 1901    
  Mühlhausen 1000 electric 21 Dec 1898 27 June 1969  
  Nordhausen 1000 electric 25 Aug 1900    
  Weimar 1000 electric 04 June 1899 30 June 1937  

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Zenz, Emil (1980). 75 Jahre Städtische Verkehrsbetriebe, 1905–1980 [75 Years of City Transit Service]. Stadtwerke Trier. pp. 20, 96–98. 

See also[edit]