List of town tramway systems in Italy

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This is a list of town tramway systems in Italy by region. It includes all tram systems in Italy, past and present; cities with currently operating systems, and those systems themselves, are indicated in bold and blue background colored rows. The use of the diamond (♦) symbol indicates where there were (or are) two or more independent tram systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area. Those tram systems that operated on other than standard gauge track (where known) are indicated in the 'Notes' column.

History of the openings of Italian tramways[edit]

Perugia Parma Mestre Udine Bergamo, Palermo Verona Padua Brescia Leghorn, Milan Ancona, Florence Bologna Genoa Rome Trieste Naples Turin

Abruzzo[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  L'Aquila Electric  ?  ?  
  Chieti Electric 1905 1944 Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)
  Pescara Electric 1934 1960 Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)
  Sulmona Electric 1908 1944 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Apulia (Puglia)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bari Electric 1909 1948 or 1952 (?) Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Taranto Electric 1922 1950 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Calabria[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Catanzaro Electric 1910 1954  
  Reggio di Calabria Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1918 1928 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Campania[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Naples Naples (Napoli) Horse 1875  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
Electric 1899   Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
  Salerno Electric 1922 1937  

Emilia-Romagna[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bologna Horse  ?  ?  
Steam 1880  ?  
Electric 1903 1963 Reintroduction planned.
  Ferrara Electric 1910 1939 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Forlì Steam  ?  ?  
  Modena Horse  ?  ? Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electric 1912 1950  
  Parma Electric 1910 1954  
  Piacenza Electric 1910 1955  
  Reggio nell'Emilia Electric(?)     Note for Reggio nell'Emilia: Peschkes (Part Two, 1987, page 96) states that the existence of this tramway is confirmed only by a single source.
  Rimini Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1921 1938  

Friuli-Venezia Giulia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Gorizia Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1909 1935 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Trams in Trieste Trieste Horse 1876 1914 Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
Electric 1900 1970 Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
Trieste–Opicina tramway TriesteOpicina Electric 1902   Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Udine Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1908 1952 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Lazio[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Fiuggi Electric 1917 1962  
  Frosinone Electric 1917 1937  
Trams in Rome Rome (Roma) Horse 1877 1905  
Steam Rome-Tivoli suburban line 1879 1931  
Steam(?) 1890 1890  
Electric 1895   Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
STEFER ♦ Suburban tramway Electric 1903 1980 Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)

Liguria[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Genoa (Genova) Horse 1878  ?  
Steam  ?  ?  
Electric 1893 1966 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Metro line opened 13 June 1990 uses former tramway tunnel.
  Imperia Electric 1926 1947 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Sanremo Electric 1913 1948  
  Savona Electric 1912 1948 [1] Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Sestri Levante Horse  ?  ?  
  La Spezia Electric 1902 1953  
  Ventimiglia Electric 1901 1936  

Lombardy (Lombardia)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bergamo Horse 1875  ?  
Steam 1884 1931  
Electric 1898 1958 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Bergamo–Albino light rail Electric 25 Apr 2009[2] &nbsp' Light rail
  Brescia Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1904 1952  
  Certosa di Pavia Horse  ?  ?  
  Como Electric 1899
1906
1899
1952
Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Cremona Electric 1916 1940  
  Lecco Electric 1927 1953  
  Mantua (Mantova) Electric 1914 1932  
Trams in Milan Milan (Milano) Horse 1881 1898  
Electric 1893   Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
  Pavia Electric 1913 1954  
  Varese Electric 1895 1953  
  Viggiù Electric 1912 1951  

Marche (Marches)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Ancona Horse 1881 1909
Electric 1909 1949  
  Offida Electric 1926 1952  
  Pesaro Electric(?)     Note for Pesaro: Peschkes (Part Two, 1987, page 96) states that the existence of this tramway is confirmed only by a single map.

Piedmont (Piemonte)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Alessandria Steam 1880  ?  
Electric 1913 1952  
  Biella Electric 1911 1958  
  Cuneo Electric  ?  ?  
  MonchieroDogliani Electric  ?  ?  
  Stresa Electric  ?  ?  
Trams in Turin Turin (Torino) Horse 1871 1900  
Electric 1898   Gauge: 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in)
  ♦ Torino – Rivoli Electric 1914 1955  
  ♦ Torino – Poirino Steam/Electric 1875 1949 Electrified in 1904 to Trofarello, in 1933 from Trofarello to Poirino.
  ♦ Torino – Brusasco Steam/Electric 1881 1949 Electrified in 1908 to Chivasso, in 1931 from Chivasso to Brusasco.
  ♦ Torino – Pinerolo Steam/Electric 1881 1958 Electrified in 1928 to Orbassano, in 1936 to Giaveno.
  ♦ Torino – Piobesi Steam/Electric 1882 1936 Electrified in 1928 to Stupinigi. In 1936 became the urban line number 41.
  ♦ Torino – Saluzzo Steam/Electric 1881 1950 Gauge: 1,100 mm (3 ft 7 516 in). Storage battery tram from 1930.
  ♦ Torino – Volpiano Steam 1884 1931  
  ♦ Torino – Pianezza Steam/Electric 1884 1951 Electrified in 1930. Branch line to Druento and Venaria Reale.
  ♦ Torino – Settimo Steam/Electric 1884 1954 Electrified in 1924.
  Valenza Electric 1914 1947  

Sardinia (Sardegna)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Cagliari Steam 1888  ?  
Electric 1915 1973 Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)
Cagliari light rail Electric 17 Mar 2008 [3]   Light rail Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in). New system created by equipping a section of an existing railway line of Ferrovie della Sardegna as light rail transit (adding stations, overhead lines, buying light rail cars to serve it, etc.).
Metrosassari Sassari Electric 27 Oct 2006 [4][5]   Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)

Sicily (Sicilia)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Catania Electric 1905 1951 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Trams in Messina Messina Horse  ?  ?  
Steam 1890 1920  
Electric 1910 1951 Gauge: 950 mm (3 ft 1 38 in)
Electric 3 Apr 2003    
  Palermo Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1898 1946 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
A new line will open in 2015.[citation needed]
  Trapani Electric 1919(?) 1952 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

Tuscany (Toscana)[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Carrara Electric 1915 1955  
Trams in Florence Florence (Firenze) Horse  ?  ?  
Steam 1881  ?  
Electric 1890 1958  
Electric 14 Feb 2010    
  Livorno Horse 1881 (*)  ? According to point 15 at http://www.misteromania.it/cartoline_da/livorno.html
Electric 1897 1944(?)  
  Massa Steam 1890 1932  
  Montepulciano Steam  ?  ?  
  Pisa Horse  ?  ?  
Electric 1912 1952 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Viareggio Electric 1909 1944(?)  

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Bolzano Tramway Bolzano Electric 1909 1948 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Rittnerbahn Ritten (Soprabolzano/Oberbozen) Electric 1907 *see note Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in). Note for Rittnerbahn: Bolzano to Ritten rack railway segment closed in 1966; the Ritten section continues to operate.
Lana-Meran Railway Lana Electric  ?  ?  
Meran Tramway Meran Electric 1906 1956 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Ferrovia Trento-Malè Trento Electric 1909 c.1936 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in). Rebuilt 1936 as a conventional railway – so no longer a tramway, but it continues to operate in that later form.

Umbria[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Perugia Electric 1899 1946 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Terni Electric 1901 1960  

Veneto[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Padua Padua (Padova) Electric 1907 1954 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electric 29 October 2007 Translohr.
  Venice (Venezia)       Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Lido Steam 1882  ?  
Electric 1907 1941  
  Mestre Steam 1891  ?  
Electric 1905 1933  
Electric 20 Dec 2010   Translohr.
  Verona Horse 1884  ?  
Electric 1908 1954  
  ♦ Verona – San Bonifacio Electric 1912 1961  
  CaldieroTregnago Electric 1921 1956  
  VillanovaSan Giovanni Ilarione Electric 1929 1956  
  ♦ Verona – Grezzana Electric 1922 1958  
  Vicenza Electric 1910 1951  
  Treviso Electric 1910 1938(?) Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rebagliati; Dell'Amico. Il tram a Savona 1912-1948 (in Italian). ISBN 88-8055-118-3. 
  2. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, September 2009, p. 359. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  3. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, May 2008, p. 193. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  4. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, February 2007, p. 64. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  5. ^ Notizie dal Mondo dei Tram (2006) (in Italian). Retrieved 3 October 2010.

Bibliography[edit]