List of town tramway systems in Oceania

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This is a list of cities and towns in Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere in Oceania that have, or once had, town tramway (urban tramway, or streetcar) systems as part of their public transport system. Other geographic regions:

Australia (by state)[edit]

Main article: Trams in Australia

New South Wales[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Broken Hill Steam 15 February 1902 31 December 1926  
  Maitland Steam 8 February 1909 31 December 1926 [1].
  Newcastle Steam 19 July 1887 2 November 1930  
Electric 15 December 1923 10 June 1950 [2], [3].
  Sydney Horse 23 December 1861 31 December 1866 Also 16 – 29 September (?) 1879, May (?) - 30 June 1894.
Steam 30 September 1879 1910  
Cable 1894 14 January 1905  
Electric 9 November 1890

8 December 1899

20 April 1892

25 February 1961

see Trams in Sydney, [4].
Inner West Light Rail Light Rail 1 September 1997 - Trial service opened 11 August 1997. See Light rail in Sydney.
  Arncliffe - Bexley Steam 13 October 1909 31 December 1926  
  Ashfield - Burwood - Concord Steam 1891 1912  
  Campbelltown - Camden Steam 10 March 1882 June 1901 Replaced by railway stock (railway passenger service withdrawn 31 December 1963).
  Enfield Steam 23 September 1891 1912  
Electric 4 February 1912 21 August 1948  
  Kogarah - Sans Souci Steam 10 September 1887 4 July 1937 Electrification started, not completed. Replaced by trolleybuses.
  Manly Steam 14 February 1903 1911  
Electric 1 May 1911 12 October 1939  
  North Sydney Cable 22 May 1886 10 February 1900  
Electric 19 September 1893 28 June 1958 Extended over new Sydney Harbour Bridge to underground terminal at Wynyard station, Sydney, 20 March 1932.
  Parramatta - Castle Hill Steam 18 August 1902 31 December 1926  
  ♦♦ Parramatta (Wharf) Steam 1 October 1883 31 March 1943 Last steam tramway in Sydney area.
  Rockdale - Brighton-le-Sands Steam 9 November 1885 1900  
Electric 27 July 1900 3 September 1949  
  Sutherland - Cronulla Steam 12 June 1911 3 August 1931  
  Yass Steam 1 April 1891 1907 Rebuilt as a railway and operated with railway stock (railway passenger service withdrawn 17 May 1958).

Queensland[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Brisbane Horse 10 August 1885 1897 see Trams in Brisbane.
Electric 1897 13 April 1969 [5], reintroduction planned.
  Rockhampton Steam 16 June 1909 24 June 1939 [6] (photograph).

South Australia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Adelaide Horse 10 July 1878 25 June 1914  
Electric 9 March 1909 - see Trams in Adelaide, [7].
  Port Adelaide Steam 1879 1882  
Horse 1882 2 April 1917  
Electric 3 April 1917 27 July 1935  
  Glenelg Horse  ? 1914  
  ♦♦ Adelaide - Glenelg Steam 4 August 1873 1929  
Electric 14 December 1929 22 November 1958 see Glenelg Tram.
  Victor Harbor Horse 1894 1956 see Victor Harbor Horse Drawn Tram.

Tasmania[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Hobart Electric 21 September 1893 21 October 1960 [8].
  Launceston Electric 4 August 1911 13 December 1952  

Victoria[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Ballarat Horse December 1887 1905  
Electric 1905 19 September 1971 [9], heritage tram opened in 1974.
  Bendigo Accumulator (storage battery) 14 June 1890 23 September 1890  
Steam 1 February 1892 June 1902  
Electric 15 April 1903 16 April 1972 Part of system reopened as heritage tramway, 9 December 1972 [10].
  Geelong Electric 10 March 1912 23 March 1956 [11].
  Melbourne Horse 20 December 1884 November 1923  
Cable 11 November 1885 26 October 1940  
Electric 11 October 1906 Ranked as world's largest operating tram system (by system length); see Trams in Melbourne
  Box Hill - Doncaster Electric 14 October 1889 6 January 1896  
  St. Kilda - Brighton Beach (Victorian Railways) Electric 7 May 1906 28 February 1959  
  Sandringham - Black Rock (Victorian Railways) Electric 10 March 1919 5 November 1956  
  Footscray Electric 6 September 1921 10 March 1962 Connection with Melbourne tramway system opened 2 May 1954, service by Melbourne system continues.

Western Australia[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Kalgoorlie Electric 10 May 1902 10 March 1952 [12].
  Leonora Steam 1901 1908  
Electric November 1908 25 June 1914 Fleet: one car.
Petrol (gasoline) 1915 1921 Fleet: one car [13], [14].
  Perth Electric 28 September 1899 19 July 1958 [15], heritage tram opened in 1980.
see Trams in Perth, Western Australia.
Fremantle Municipal Tramways Fremantle Electric 30 October 1905 8 November 1952 [16].
see Trams in Fremantle, Western Australia.

Fiji[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Levuka Horse 1884  ? see Rail transport in Fiji
  Suva Horse 1880s  ? see Rail transport in Fiji

New Zealand[edit]

North Island[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Auckland Horse 11 August 1884 1903  
Electric 24 November 1902 29 December 1956  
  Devonport (North Shore) Horse September 1886 1888  
  Takapuna Steam 22 December 1910 26 April 1927  
  Gisborne Accumulator (storage battery) 13 April 1913 8 July 1929  
  Napier Electric 8 September 1913 3 February 1931 Closed because of earthquake damage (see 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake).
  New Plymouth Electric 10 March 1916 23 July 1954 [17].
  Thames Steam 2 December 1871 November 1874  
  Wanganui Electric 11 December 1908 24 September 1950  
  Wellington Steam August 1878 1882  
Horse August 1878 1904  
Electric 30 June 1904 2 May 1964 see Wellington tramway system, [18]).

South Island[edit]

Name of system Location Traction
type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Christchurch Steam March 1880 by 1914  
Horse 1882 by 1914  
Electric 6 June 1905

4 February 1995

11 September 1954 see Christchurch tramway system, 1995 Heritage tramway [19].
  Dunedin Steam July 1879 1884  
Horse July 1879 1905  
Cable 24 February 1881 2 March 1957 see Dunedin cable tramway system.
Electric 24 December 1903 29 March 1956 [20].
  Maori Hill Horse 1882 1900  
Electric 23 October 1900 1 July 1936 First electric tramway in New Zealand.[citation needed]
  Invercargill Horse 3 December 1881 15 March 1908  
Electric 26 March 1912 10 September 1952 World's southernmost electric town tramway.[citation needed]
  Nelson Horse 7 May 1862 1901  

United States (by state )[edit]

Hawaii[edit]

See List of town tramway systems in the United States (Hawaii section)

References[edit]

See also[edit]