List of town tramway systems in Russia

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Tram system in Kazan.

This is a list of town tramway systems in Russia by federal district. It includes all tram systems, past and present. Cities with currently operating systems are indicated in bold. The use of the diamond (♦) symbol indicates where there were (or are) two or more independent tram systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area. Those tram systems that operated on other than standard gauge track (where known) are indicated in the 'Notes' column.

Central Federal District[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Ivanovo (Иваново) Electric 8 Nov 1934 1 Jun 2008 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Kolomna (Коломна) Electric 5 Nov 1948   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Kursk (Курск) Electric 30 Apr 1898   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended April 1918 – October 1924 and November 1941 – September 1943 because of war.
  Lipetsk (Липецк) Electric 11 Dec 1947   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Trams in Moscow Moscow
(Moskva / Москва)
Horse 22 Jun 1872 1912  
Steam 29 Jul 1886 1922  
Electric 6 Apr 1899   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Novogireevo (Новогиреево) Horse 1907(?)  ? Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Noginsk (Ногинск) Electric 2 Mar 1924 10 Aug 2012 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1992 – 1994 and 1 April 2011 – 1 June 2012. Fully single track.
  Orel (Oryol / Орёл) Electric 15 Nov 1898   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended May 1919 – May 1922 and October 1941 – October 1943 because of war.
  Rostov Velikiy
(Ростов Великий)
Horse 1902(?) 1921 Standard gauge
  Ryazan (Рязань) Electric 2 Jan 1963 15 Apr 2010 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Smolensk (Смоленск) Electric 20 Oct 1901   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended August 1919 – May 1922 and 15 July 1941 – 6 November 1947 because of war.
  Stary Oskol
(Старый Оскол)
Electric 4 Jan 1981   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Express tramway.
  Tula (Тула) Horse 15 Nov 1888 1919  
Electric 7 Nov 1927   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Tver (Тверь) Electric 28 Aug 1901   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Voronezh (Воронеж) Horse 23 Aug 1891 1919(?)  
Electric 16 May 1926 15 Apr 2009 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Yaroslavl (Ярославль) Electric 29 Dec 1900   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)

Far Eastern Federal District[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Aniva (Анива) Horse  ?  ?  
  Khabarovsk (Хабаровск) Electric 11 Nov 1956   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Khavomai (Хавомай) Horse  ?  ?  
  Komsomolsk-na-Amure (Комсомольск-на-Амуре) Electric 6 Nov 1957   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Vladivostok (Владивосток) Electric 22 Oct 1912   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)[1]

Siberian Federal District[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Barnaul (Барнаул) Electric 7 Nov 1948   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Express tramway opened 26 September 1985.
  Biysk (Бийск) Electric 13 Jun 1960   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Irkutsk (Иркутск) Electric 3 Aug 1947   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Angarsk (Ангарск) Electric 26 Nov 1953   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Usolye Sibirskoye
(Усолье-Сибирское)
Electric 26 Feb 1967   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Kemerovo (Кемерово) Electric 11 May 1940   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Cheryomushki (Черёмушки)
(Sayano–Shushenskaya Dam)
Electric Feb 1991   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Connects railway station with hydropower dam and generating station.
  Krasnoyarsk (Красноярск) Electric 1 May 1958   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Achinsk (Ачинск) Electric 15 Apr 1967   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Novokuznetsk (Новокузнецк) Electric 30 Nov 1933   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line on the right bank of the river Tom (Томь) opened 30 November 1969.
  Osinniki (Осинники) Electric 1 Nov 1960   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line in southern extremity, extending from Kaltan (Калтан) railway station, 1957 - 1963 (?).
  Prokopyevsk (Прокопьевск) Electric 12 May 1936   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line in eastern extremity opened 5 November 1956, connected with main Prokopyevsk system 1964.
  Novosibirsk (Новосибирск) Electric 26 Nov 1934   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected lines on the left bank of the river Ob (Обь) opened 4 May 1941. Tramway service across river Ob, 1955 - 1992.
  Omsk (Омск) Electric 8 Nov 1936   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Tomsk (Томск) Electric 25 Apr 1949   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Ulan-Ude (Улан-Удэ) Electric 16 Dec 1958   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Ust-Ilimsk
(Усть-Илимск)
Electric 15 Sep 1988   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Express tramway.

Northwestern Federal District[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Arkhangelsk Arkhangelsk (Архангельск) Electric 26 Jun 1916 24 Jul 2004 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)(?)
Was world's northernmost electric town tramway.[citation needed]
  Cherepovets (Череповец) Electric 19 Oct 1956   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Kaliningrad (Калининград)
(was: Königsberg)
Horse 26 May 1881 1901 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electric 31 May 1895   Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Operation suspended January 1945 - 7 November 1946 because of war.
  Pskov (Псков) Horse 13 Nov 1909 1912 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)(?)
Electric 22 Jan 1912 Sep 1944 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Trams in Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg
(Sankt-Peterburg
/ Санкт-Петербург)
Horse 8 Sep 1863 Sep 1917 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)(?)
Steam 1882 1922 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)(?)
Electric 29 Sep 1907   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 8 December 1941 – 15 April 1942 because of war. Until 2002 ranked as world's largest operating town tramway (by system length).
  Steam  ?  ? Sankt-Peterburg / Санкт-Петербург - Ozerki / Озерки, Sestroretsk / Сестрорецк - Kurort / Курорт, branch to Lisi Nos (Лисий Нос).
  ♦ Popovka (Поповка) Horse  ?  ? Connected Popovka / Поповка with Zakhozhye / Захожье, branch to Peschanka / Песчанка.
  Strelna (Стрельна) Horse  ?  ?  
  Vyritsa (Вырица) Horse  ?  ?  
  Sovetsk (Советск) Electric 26 Jul 1901 Oct 1944 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Closed because of war damage.
  Staraya Russa
(Старая Русса)
Electric 6 Jul 1924 Jul 1941  
  Vyborg (Выборг) Electric 28 Sep 1912 25 Apr 1957 Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Until 1940 the city was a part of Finland. Operation suspended 23 December 1939 – 22 August 1940, August 1941 - 5 May 1943 and 25 April 1944 – 21 September 1946 because of war. See also: List of town tramway systems in Finland.

Southern Federal District[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Abinsk (Абинск) Horse 1904 1919  
  Astrakhan (Астрахань) Electric 24 Jun 1900 14 May 2007 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended April 1919 – April 1922 because of war.
  Grozny (Грозный) Electric 7 Nov 1932 Dec 1994 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Closed because of war damage. Virtually all tramway infrastructure was destroyed; no plans for reconstruction are known.
  Ilsky (Ильский) Horse 1908  ?  
  Krasnodar (Краснодар) Electric 23 Dec 1900   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  ♦ Krasnodar (Краснодар) – Pashkovskaya (Пашковская) Petrol 4 Apr 1912 1914  
Electric 14 Dec 1914   Connected to main Krasnodar system 1918.
  Krymsk (Крымск) Horse 1921 1932  
  Novocherkassk (Новочеркасск) Electric 22 January 1954   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Novorossiysk (Новороссийск) Electric 30 May 1934 26 Aug 1969 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Pyatigorsk (Пятигорск) Electric 5 May 1904   Gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Rostov-on-Don
(Ростов-на-Дону)
Horse 11 Sep 1887 Dec 1902  
Electric 2 Jan 1902   Operation suspended October 1941 – 1 June 1943 because of war.
  Nakhichevan-na-Donu
(Нахичевань-на-Дону)
Horse 21 May 1890 Dec 1902  
Electric 4 Jan 1903   Nakhichevan amalgamated with Rostov in 1928.
  Shakhty (Шахты) Electric 7 Nov 1932 7 Dec 2001 Operation suspended 1942 – April 1944 because of war.
  Taganrog (Таганрог) Electric 7 Nov 1932   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Vladikavkaz (Владикавказ) Electric 16 Aug 1904   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1920 – November 1924 because of war.
  Yeysk (Ейск) Steam 1915 1918  

Urals Federal District[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Chelyabinsk (Челябинск) Electric 9 Jan 1932   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Kopeysk (Копейск) Electric 5 Nov 1949 Feb 1976
  Chelyabinsk (Челябинск) – Kopeysk (Копейск) Electric 1961 Feb 1976  
  Irbit (Ирбит) Horse 1926 1933  
  Kamensk-Uralsky
(Каменск-Уральский)
(Electric) - - Construction started 1949, not completed.
  Krasnoturinsk (Краснотурьинск) Electric 15 Jan 1954   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Fully single track.
  Magnitogorsk (Магнитогорск) Electric 18 Jan 1935   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Nizhni Tagil
(Нижний Тагил)
Electric 28 Feb 1937   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Orsk (Орск) Electric 5 Dec 1948   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line in eastern extremity opened 12 December 1985. Orsk lies on both banks of the river Ural (Урал), the traditional boundary between Europe and Asia.
  Ust-Katav (Усть-Катав) Electric 1973 1997 Operation on the test track of Ust-Katav carriage works
Trams in Volchansk Volchansk (Волчанск) Electric 31 Dec 1951   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Fully single track. Tramway serves a city of just about 10,000 people.
  Karpinsk (Карпинск) Electric 26 Jun 1946 1 Nov 1994 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Volchansk (Волчанск) – Karpinsk (Карпинск) Electric Jun 1953 22 Apr 1965  
  Yekaterinburg (Екатеринбург) Electric 7 Nov 1929   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Zlatoust (Златоуст) Electric 25 Dec 1934   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)

Volga Federal District[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Trams in Izhevsk Izhevsk (Ижевск) Electric 18 Nov 1935   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Kazan (Казань) Horse 15 Oct 1875 1900 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)(?)
Electric 2 Dec 1899   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Kirov, Kirov Oblast (Киров) (Electric) - - Construction started 1943, not completed.
  Naberezhnye Chelny (Набережные Челны) Electric 8 Oct 1973   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Nizhnekamsk (Нижнекамск) Electric 15 Feb 1967   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Nizhny Novgorod (Нижний Новгород) Horse 1908 1918 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)(?)
Electric 20 May 1896   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1 May 1919 – 2 August 1923 because of war.
  Dzerzhinsk (Дзержинск) Electric 7 Nov 1933   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Bor (Бор) Horse  ?  ?  
  Novotroitsk (Новотроицк) Electric 5 Nov 1956   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
See also: Orsk (above).
  Penza (Пенза) Diesel 1935 1938  
  Perm (Пермь) Electric 7 Nov 1929   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line to southwest (Osentsy / Oсенцы) opened 25 October 1957. Connected with main Perm system December 1958.
  Salavat (Салават) Electric 29 Jul 1957   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Samara (Самара) Horse 22 Jul 1895 1917 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Electric 25 Feb 1915   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1 March 1919 – 20 July 1920 because of war.
  Saratov (Саратов) Horse 13 May 1887 1909 Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Electric 22 Oct 1908   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Express tramway opened 1974.
  Ufa (Уфа) Electric 1 Feb 1937   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  ♦ Chernikovsk (Черниковск) Electric 16 Aug 1956   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Chernikovsk amalgamated with Ufa in 1956, tramway lines connected in 1958.
  Ulyanovsk (Ульяновск) Electric 5 Jan 1954   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
  Volgograd (Волгоград) Electric 22 Apr 1913   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Operation suspended 1920 – 1922 and 23 August 1942 – 26 December 1943 because of war. Express tramway, initial surface segment opened 1 May 1972. Underground segment opened 5 November 1984.
  Krasnoarmeysk (Красноармейск) Electric 6 Nov 1958   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Unconnected line in southern Volgograd.
  Volzhsky (Волжский) Electric 30 Dec 1963   Gauge: 1,524 mm (5 ft)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]