List of town tramway systems in the Netherlands

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This is a list of town tramway systems in the Netherlands by province. It includes all tram systems, past and present.

Gelderland[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
ATM (1897–1917)
GTA (1919–1922)
Apeldoorn Horse 12 August 1897 11 November 1917 Apeldoornsche Tramweg-Maatschappij
Petrol (gasoline) 5 June 1919 8 October 1922 Gemeentetram Apeldoorn
ATM (1880–1911)
GETA (1911–1944)
Arnhem Horse 3 May 1880 12 June 1912 Arnhemsche Tramweg-Maatschappij
Electric 21 May 1911 17 September 1944 Gemeente Electrische Tram Arnhem
Because of WWII (operation Market-Garden) closed – replaced by trolleybus. Heritage tramway opened in the Netherlands Open Air Museum, 1996.
HSM (1883–1910)
GT (1915–1922)
Groenlo Steam 29 May 1883 31 December 1910 Hollandshe IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij
Petrol (gasoline) 6 August 1915 Oct 1922 Groenlosche Tram
Horse 1917 1919 Temporary use of horses because of lack of petrol
NTM (1889–1912)
M&W (1912–1921)
GTN (1911–1955)
Nijmegen Horse 1889 1911 Nijmeegsche Tramweg-Maatschappij
Steam 30 June 1889 31 December 1921 Stoomtram Maas en Waal
Electric 4 June 1911 20 November 1955 Gemeentetram Nijmegen
Replaced by trolleybus
GTZ Zaltbommel Horse 14 March 1910 31 August 1923 Gemeentetram Zaltbommel
ZTM Zutphen Horse 16 May 1889 29 January 1904 Zutphensche Tramweg-Maatschappij

Groningen[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
TGP (1880–1906)
GPE (1896–1929)
GTG (1906–1949)
Groningen Horse 13 July 1880 27 April 1910 Tramways de Groningen et de la Province
Petrol (gasoline) 27 June 1921 30 June 1929 Tramweg-Maatschappij Groningen - Paterswolde - Eelde
Electric 1 March 1910 12 December 1949 Gemeente Tram Groningen
Reintroduction planned as part of the Kolibri-plan to improve public transport in region and city.

Limburg[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
LTM Heerlen Steam  ?  ? Limburgsche Tramweg-Mij
Electric 1923 14 May 1950  
LTM ♦ Heerlen - Hoensbroek Steam  ? 1923  
Electric 1923  ?  
LTM ♦ Hoensbroek - Sittard Electric 1923  ?  
LTM ♦♦ branch to Brunssum Electric 24 March 1924  ?  
LTM ♦ Heerlen - Kerkrade Holz (German frontier) Electric 18 August 1926  ?  
LTM ♦ branch Valkenhuizen - Locht (German frontier) Electric 15 May 1928  ?  
MT Maastricht Gas 22 April 1896 15 October 1902 Maastrichtsche Tram
Horse 7 June 1903 14 August 1914 Closed for WWI (military barricade of the bridge across the Maas)
  Venlo - Steyl Horse  ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)  ?  ?  
GTV Venray Horse 15 June 1909 30 June 1926 Gemeentetram Venray

North Brabant[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
GTM (1884–1919)
BM (1901–1919)
GTB (1920–1925)
Breda Horse 25 March 1884 30 September 1925 Ginnekensche Tramweg-Maatschappij
Tramweg-Maatschappij Breda - Mastbosch
Gemeentetram Breda
'sBH 's-Hertogenbosch Horse 24 November 1881 8 October 1918 Stoomtramweg-Maatschappij 's-Bosch - Helmond

North Holland[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
AT (1895–1923)
AST (1923–1929)
Alkmaar Horse Jan 1895 10 July 1923 Alkmaarsche Tramvereeniging
Petrol (gasoline) 15 July 1923 22 June 1929 Alkmaarsche Stadstram
GVBA Amsterdam Horse 3 June 1875 7 August 1916 Amsterdamse Omnibus Maatschappij
Electric 14 August 1900   Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf
NZH ♦ Amsterdam - Edam - Volendam Steam 13 December 1888  ? N-Z Hollandsche stoomTramweg-Mij: Blauwe Tram
Electric  ? 30 September 1956 Edam - Volendam from: 1 December 1932.
NZH ♦♦ branch to Purmerend Steam 22 June 1894  ?  
Electric  ? 14 May 1949  
NZH ♦ Amsterdam - Haarlem - Zandvoort Electric 3 July 1899 31 August 1957 The first Electric overhead tramway in the Netherlands.
LBB Bergen Horse 4 August 1907 24 June 1909 Lorriedienst Bergen aan Zee - Bergen Binnen
HSM (1882–1892)
EPU (1892–1924)
Beverwijk - Wijk aan Zee Steam 25 May 1882 30 April 1892 Until 1 May 1898 Summer only
Horse 1 May 1892 7 June 1924 Buffet-Maatschappij "E Pluribus Unum"
D&B Castricum Horse 30 January 1914 1920 Provinciaal Ziekenhuis "Duin en Bosch"
Electric 1920 Jun 1938 Hospital line nl:Provinciaal ziekenhuis (Noord-Holland)
HH Den Helder Steam 7 July 1896 19 August 1917 Tram Helder - Huisduinen
Summer only, no service in 1908/9
  Haarlem Horse 28 May 1878 1911  
Electric 1911 31 October 1948  
GTM Hilversum Horse 15 May 1887 30 September 1923 's-Gravelandse Tramweg-Maatschappij
ETMZ (1882)
TMZ (1884–1889)
EPU (1894–1907)
Zandvoort Electric 9 June 1882 30 September 1882 This line was owned by Siemens & Halske and technical equal to the Gross-Lichterfelde Tramway
Horse 4 July 1884
10 June 1894
22 September 1889
31 August 1907
(Electrische) Tramweg-Maatschappij Zandvoort

Overijssel[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
GOSM Deventer Horse 14 February 1887 30 April 1894 Geldersch-Overijsselsche Stoomtram-Maatschappij
TET Enschede Electric 5 July 1908 28 February 1933 Twentsche Electrische Tramweg-Maatschappij
ZTM Zwolle Horse 17 July 1885 7 August 1919 Zwolsche Tramweg-Maatschappij

South Holland[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
TD (1879–1891)
RTM (1891–1919)
Dordrecht Horse 23 November 1879 15 March 1919  
LTM (Leidsche Tramway-Maatschappij 1879-1882)

TTC (1882–1886)
RTM (1886–1909)
NZH (1909–1960)

Leiden Horse 22 November 1879 1911  
Electric 1 September 1911 7 October 1960 Reintroduction planned see also → RijnGouweLijn
NZH ♦ Leiden - Haarlem Steam 16 May 1881  ?  
Electric  ? 2 January 1949 N-Z Holland Tram = " Blue Tram "
NZH ♦ Leiden - Noordwijk aan Zee Steam traction 21 June 1885 7 October 1960  
NZH ♦ Leiden - Katwijk aan Zee Steam 4 June 1881 7 October 1960  
GTO Oudewater Horse 7 August 1906  ?  
Petrol (gasoline) 1924 March 1931 In 1970 Oudewater went from Zuid-Holland (South Holland) to Utrecht
RTM (1886-1968)
RETM (1904–1927)
RET (since 1927)
Rotterdam Horse 1 June 1879 18 May 1925  
Steam 9 April 1881 16 December 1924  
Petrol (gasoline) 19 May 1924 25 October 1968  
Electric 18 September 1905   see also: → RandstadRail.
STM (Schiedamse Tramweg Maatschappij) Schiedam Horse 19 September 1902 Jan 1918  
HTM The Hague = ♦ Den Haag - Scheveningen Horse 25 June 1864 1907  
Steam 1 July 1879 1924  
Accumulator with Lead-acid battery 2 August 1890 1904 One of the first electric vehicles in the world
Electric 6 August 1904   First segment "Semimetro": RandstadRail opened in 2006
 
HTM Den Haag - Delft Horse 24 June 1866 1887  
Steam 1887 1924  
Electric 1924   branch to Voorburg, opened 1934.
NZH ♦ Den Haag - Voorburg - Leiden Steam 1881 1924  
Electric 25 January 1924 9 November 1961 Blue Tram (Blauwe Tram)
HTM ♦ Den Haag - Wassenaar - Leiden Electric 3 June 1923 9 November 1961 Yellow Tram (Gele Tram)

Utrecht[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
ATM Amersfoort Horse 1 August 1901 13 January 1917 Amersfoortsche Tramweg-Maatschappij
SP (1895–1918)
GTS (1918–1923)
Soest - Baarn Horse 1 June 1895 30 September 1922 Soester Paardentramweg
Petrol (gasoline) 1 October 1922 18 May 1924 Gemeente-Trambedrijf Soest
UTM Utrecht Horse 3 July 1889 14 September 1907 Utrechtsche-Tram-Maatschappij
GTU Utrecht Electric 20 June 1906 15 January 1939 Gemeentetram Utrecht
NBM ♦ Utrecht - De Bilt - Zeist Horse 29 April 1879 1909 ? Initial segment opened 1879 did not extend to Zeist.
Electric 1909 2 May 1949 Nederlandsche Buurtspoorweg-Maatschappij (NBM)
NBM Amersfoort - Zeist - Driebergen - Rhenen - Arnhem Horse 1882  ? Zeist - Driebergen.
Steam 1883 1931 (Zeist -) Driebergen - Doorn - Amerongen. Extended Elst - Rhenen - Wageningen - Oosterbeek - Arnhem in 1884 - 1887. Zeist - Huis ter Heide - Amersfoort opened 1910. Branch, Doorn - Wijk bij Duurstede, opened 1885, closed 1931, not electrified.
Petrol (gasoline) 1910 1931 (?)  
Electric 1911 2 May 1949 Zeist – Driebergen electrified 1911. Rhenen - Arnhem electrified 1922. Remainder of Amersfoort - Zeist - Rhenen - Arnhem electrified 1924. Rhenen - Arnhem closed 1937. Remainder closed 1949, last segment in operation was Amersfoort - Zeist - Doorn.
  Utrecht – NieuwegeinIJsselstein Electric 17 December 1983   Connexxion
  UtrechtVreeswijk Steam 1882  ?  
Horse 1893 1929  
Petrol (gasoline) 1923 1929  

Zeeland[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Vlissingen - Middelburg Steam 1885 1910  
Electric 1910 1944  

References[edit]

See also[edit]