List of track gauges

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Track gauges
By transport mode
Tram · Rapid transit
Miniature · Scale model
By size (list)
Graphic list of track gauges

Minimum
  Fifteen inch 381 mm (15 in)

Narrow
  Two foot and
600 mm
597 mm
600 mm
603 mm
610 mm
(1 ft 11 12 in)
(1 ft 11 58 in)
(1 ft 11 34 in)
(2 ft)
  750 mm,
Bosnian,
Two foot six inch,
800 mm
750 mm
760 mm
762 mm
800 mm
(2 ft 5 12 in)
(2 ft 5 1516 in)
(2 ft 6 in)
(2 ft 7 12 in)
  Swedish three foot,
900 mm,
Three foot
891 mm
900 mm
914 mm
(2 ft11 332 in)
(2 ft 11 716)
(3 ft)
  Metre 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Three foot six inch,
Cape, CAP, Kyōki
1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  Four foot six inch 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)

  Standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

Broad
  Russian,
Five foot
1,520 mm
1,524 mm
(4 ft 11 2732 in)
(5 ft)
  Irish 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
  Iberian 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)
  Indian 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
  Brunel 2,140 mm (7 ft 14 in)
Change of gauge
Break-of-gauge · Dual gauge ·
Conversion (list· Bogie exchange · Variable gauge
By location
North America · South America · Europe
World map, rail gauge by region

This list presents an overview of railway track gauges by size. A gauge is measured between the inner faces of the rails.

Track gauges by size[edit]

Minimum and ridable miniature railways[edit]

For ridable miniature railways and minimum gauge railways, the gauges are overlapping. There are also some extreme narrow gauge railways listed. See: Distinction between a ridable miniature railway and a minimum gauge railway for clarification.

Model railway gauges are covered in rail transport modelling scales.

Gauge Country Notes
Metric Imperial
 
89 mm 3 12 in See 3 12 in (89 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
121 mm 4 34 in See 4 34 in (121 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
127 mm 5 in See 5 in (127 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
184 mm 7 14 in See 7 14 (184 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
190.5 mm 7 12 in See 7 12 in (190.5 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
210 mm 8 14 in See 8 14 in (210 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
229 mm 9 in See 9 in (229 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
England Railway built by minimum gauge pioneer Sir Arthur Heywood, later abandoned in favor of 15 in (381 mm) gauge.
240 mm 9 716 in See 9 716 in (240 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
241 mm 9 12 in See 9 12 in (241 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
260 mm 10 14 in See 10 12 in (260 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
267 mm 10 12 in England Beale Park miniature railway
305 mm 12 in See 12 in (305 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
311 mm 12 14 in United Kingdom Fairbourne Railway
340 mm 13 38 in Netherlands Ridable miniature railway in DierenPark Amersfoort[1]
350 mm 13 2532 in Netherlands Collection Decauville Spoorweg Museum[2]
356 mm 14 in United States See 14 in (419 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways, Chicago Tunnel Company (during construction process)
381 mm 15 in See 15 in gauge railways
400 mm 15 34 in France Agricultural field railways (Decauville portable track)
406 mm 16 in United States See 16 in (406 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
419 mm 16 12 in Canada See 16 12 in (419 mm) gauge ridable miniature railway
England Berkhamsted Gasworks Railway[3]
432 mm 17 in England Long Rake Spar mine, underground mine railway[4]
450 mm 17 2332 in Czech Republic Industrial railways[5]
England Littlethorpe Potteries, hand-worked line connecting clay pits to pottery[6]
457 mm 18 in United Kingdom Crewe Works Railway, Royal Arsenal Railway, Sand Hutton Light Railway, Steeple Grange Light Railway
United States Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad
470 mm 18 12 in United States Travel Town Museum miniature railway
483 mm 19 in United Kingdom Great Laxey Mine Railway, Isle of Man
United States Swanton Pacific Railroad
495 mm 19 12 in England Ayle Colliery mine railway, Athole G. Allen Ltd. Closehouse Barytes Mine railway[4]

Narrow gauge[edit]

Main article: Narrow gauge railway

Railways with a track gauge between 500 mm (19 34 in) and 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge.

Gauge Country Notes
Metric Imperial
 
500 mm 19 34 in Austria Geriatriezentrum Am Wienerwald Feldbahn
Argentina Tren del Fin del Mundo, Ushuaia - Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego
France Several Decauville portable railways, Chemin de Fer Touristique du Tarn, Petit train d'Artouste
508 mm 20 in United Kingdom Great Woburn Railway
United States Confusion Hill
520 mm 20 1532 in Germany Several railways. Origine: from 1' 8" preußische Zoll = 523,2 mm.[7]
533 mm 21 in England Pleasure Beach Express
550 mm 21 2132 in Germany Mine railways in Mayen
557 mm 21 1516 in Dominican Republic Transport in the Dominican Republic
560 mm 22 116 in Germany Salt mine railway in Berchtesgaden[8]
575 mm 22 58 in Germany Iron ore mine railways in Bad Ems and Ramsbeck[9]
578 mm 1 ft 10 34 in United States Lakeside Amusement Park
United Kingdom Penrhyn Quarry Railway, Wales
580 mm 22 2732 in Austria Wolfsegg Traunthaler Kohlenwerke in Ampflwang im Hausruckwald[10]
597 mm 1 ft 11 12 in See 2 ft and 600 mm gauge railways
600 mm 1 ft 11 58 in
603 mm 1 ft 11 34 in
610 mm 2 ft
620 mm 2 ft 1332 in Slovenia Cave railway in the Postojna Cave
622 mm 2 ft 12 in United Kingdom Penrhyn Quarry Railway, Wales, until 1879
630 mm 24 1316 in Germany Brickworks in Zehdenick[11]
655 mm 2 ft 1 2534 in Germany Schlebusch-Harkorter Coal Railway[12]
660 mm 2 ft 2 in Germany Industrial and mine railways in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate
Japan Yamanashi horse-drawn tramway
United Kingdom Cwt y Bugail Quarry, Wales
686 mm 2 ft 3 in See 2 ft 3 in gauge railways
693 mm 2 ft 3 932 in Sweden 28 Swedish inches.[13] Several railways.
700 mm 2 ft 3 916 in Denmark Standard gauge for sugar beet railways; none remain.
England Biwater Pipes and Castings[14]
France Chemin de fer d'Abreschviller
Indonesia Once used by 36 sugar mills in Java, only 23 still in use.
Latvia Used in some peat railways
Netherlands Used in industrial, peat, and field railways
711 mm 2 ft 3 916 in England Snailbeach District Railways
716 mm 2 ft 4 316 in Poland Dobre Aleksandrowskie – Kruszwica railway[15] (operating tourist railway)
724 mm 2 ft 4 12 in United Kingdom Guest Keen Baldwins Iron and Steel Company Ltd.: Briton Ferry Steelworks,[16] Glyn Valley Tramway, Wales
737 mm 2 ft 5 in England St. Michael's Mount Tramway[17]
740 mm 2 ft 5 18 in Luxembourg Minière et Métallurgique de Rodange mine railway[18]
750 mm 2 ft 5 12 in See 750 mm gauge railways
760 mm 2 ft 5 1516 in Origin: 12 Austrian fathom
See Bosnian gauge
762 mm 2 ft 6 in See 2 ft 6 in gauge railways
765 mm 2 ft 6 18 in DR Congo Matadi–Kinshasa Railway, converted to 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) 1925–1931.[19]
775 mm 2 ft 6 12 in England Jee's Hartshill Granite Quarry[20]
Germany Bombergbahn (de), a funicular a funicular in Bad Pyrmont
785 mm 2 ft 6 2932 in Germany Origin: 2 12 Prussian feet
Bröl Valley Railway
Poland Silesian Interurbans, Upper Silesian Narrow Gauge Railways
791 mm 2 ft 7 532 in Denmark Faxe Jernbane in southern Zealand
800 mm 2 ft 7 12 in See 800 mm gauge railways
802 mm 2 ft 7 916 in Sweden Far behind 891 mm (2 ft 11 332 in), one of the most common narrow gauges in Sweden, for example the Hällefors-Fredriksberg Railways (sv) (1874–1970) in Värmland. Never formed much of a network, none remain.
813 mm 2 ft 8 in England Rhosydd Quarry, a counterbalance weight for a 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) gauge incline; Winnal Gasworks Railway[21]
820 mm 2 ft 8 932 in Germany Prince William Railway Company, Wuppertal-Vohwinkel–Essen-Überruhr railway, converted to standard gauge.
825 mm 2 ft 8 12 in United Kingdom Brighton and Rottingdean Seashore Electric Railway (a vehicle that ran on two parallel 2 ft 8 12 in (825 mm) gauge tracks, billed as 18 ft (5.5 m) gauge), Furzebrook Railway and Volk's Electric Railway
838 mm 2 ft 9 in Japan Hankai Railway
United Kingdom Seaton Tramway, formerly Volk's Electric Railway
850 mm 2 ft 9 1532 in Italy Ponte Tresa-Luino (1924: converted to 1,100 mm (3 ft 7 516 in) gauge, 1950: closed)

Menaggio–Porlezza railway (1939: closed)

860 mm 2 ft 9 78 in Germany Alsen´sche Portland-Cementfabrik KG in Itzehoe[22]
876 mm 2 ft 10 12 in England Biwater Pipes and Castings[23] Cattybrook Brickworks railway[3]
880 mm 2 ft 10 2134 in Germany Bayerisches Moor- und Torfmuseum,[24] Peat museum (operating)
Norway Industrial railway in Stokke
889 mm 2 ft 11 in England Miller Engineering & Construction Ltd. Sandiacre depot[25]
891 mm 2 ft 11 332 in Sweden 3 Swedish feet

See Swedish three foot gauge railways

900 mm 2 ft 11 716 in See 900 mm gauge railways
914 mm 3 ft See 3 ft gauge railways
925 mm 3 ft 1332 in Germany Trams in Chemnitz, since in 1914
943 mm 3 ft 1 18 in England Central Electricity Generating Board Fawley Tunnel[21]
946 mm 3 ft 1 14 in Austria Gletscherbahn Kaprun 2,[26] a funicular partly inside a tunnel.
950 mm 3 ft 1 38 in Italy Cagliari light rail, Circumvesuviana, Dolomites Railway, Ferrovia Circumetnea, Ferrovie della Sardegna, Metrosassari, Rome–Giardinetti railway, Rome–Fiuggi railway
Eritrea Eritrean Railway
Libya Italian Libya Railways
Somalia Mogadishu-Villabruzzi Railway
955 mm 3 ft 1 1932 in Switzerland Polybahn funicular
965 mm 3 ft 2 in England Clifton Rocks Railway
United States Birmingham Coal Company Railroad, Detroit, Bay City & Alpena Railroad and Keeling Coal Company
972 mm 3 ft 2 14 in England Betchworth Quarry Railways
985 mm 3 ft 2 2532 in Switzerland Zugerbergbahn funicular
1,000 mm 3 ft 3 38 in See metre gauge
1,009 mm 3 ft 3 2332 in Bulgaria Sofia Tramway
1,016 mm 3 ft 4 in Scotland Kilmarnock and Troon Railway
United States Coal Hill Coal Railroad, Keeling Coal Company, Pittsburgh and Castle Shannon Plane, Pittsburgh and Castle Shannon Railroad, Wildlife Express Train (located in Disney's Animal Kingdom)
1,029 mm 3 ft 4 12 in England Herne Bay Pier Railway
1,035 mm 3 ft 4 34 in England Lake Lock Rail Road
1,040 mm 3 ft 5 in Austria Festungsbahn (Salzburg)
1,050 mm 3 ft 5 1132 in Jordan Hejaz railway
Syria
Lebanon and Syria Former Beyrouth – Damascus Railway, in Lebanon mostly dismantled
Syria and
Saudi Arabia
Hejaz railway (Damascus–Medina)
1,055 mm 3 ft 5 12 in Algeria National Company for Rail Transport
1,067 mm 3 ft 6 in See 3 ft 6 in gauge railways
1,093 mm 3 ft 7 in England Middlesbrough Corporation Tramways, Middlesbrough, Stockton and Thornaby Electric Tramways Company and Swinefleet Works
Sweden Köping-Uttersberg-Riddarhyttan Railway, 1864–1968. The gauge was by mistake.
1,099 mm 3 ft 7 14 in Sweden Christinehamn - Sjöändans järnväg (sv)[27] 44 Swedish inches[13]
1,100 mm 3 ft 7 516 in Brazil The Santa Teresa Tramway in Rio de Janeiro
Germany Braunschweig tram system; tram systems in Kiel and Lübeck, closed
Italy Former SVIE (Società Varesina per Impresse Electriche) network around Varese, circa 1903–1955
1,106 mm 3 ft 7 12 in Austria From Gmunden in the Salzkammergut to Budweis, now in the Czech Republic.
1,130 mm 3 ft 8 12 in England London Pneumatic Despatch Company
1,143 mm 3 ft 9 in England Lynton and Lynmouth Cliff Railway
1,156 mm 3 ft 9 12 in United States Arcata and Mad River Railroad
1,168 mm 3 ft 10 in United States (Puerto Rico) El Conquistador Resort
1,188 mm 3 ft 10 2532 in Sweden Engelsberg-Norberg Railway
1,200 mm 3 ft 11 14 in Chaoyang Commuter Rail, Chaoyang District, Shantou, China;
Funiculars in France, Narrow gauge railways in Italy and Funiculars in Switserland
1,217 mm 3 ft 11 2932 in Sweden Four lines, all converted to standard gauge before 1900, still in use. 1217 mm is based on Swedish feet but compatible with locomotives of 1,219 mm (4 ft). See:Narrow gauge railways in Sweden
1,219 mm 4 ft United Kingdom Furzebrook Railway (c.1830–1957), Redruth and Chasewater Railway 1826–1915,
Bradford City Tramway, Keighley Tramway and a cluster in the NW of England,
Padarn Railway Wales, (1842–1961), Saundersfoot Railway Wales, 1829–1939
New Zealand Wellington tramway system: electric trams, closed 1964.
Scotland Falkirk and District Tramways (1905–1936), Glasgow Subway
United States Former tram systems in Canton, Ohio; Honolulu, Hawaii; Laredo, Texas; Pueblo, Colorado; San Antonio, Texas.
1,245 mm 4 ft 1 in England Middleton Railway, converted to standard gauge after 1881
1,270 mm 4 ft 2 in United Kingdom Surrey Iron Railway, Merthyr Tramroad, Rumney Railway
1,295 mm 4 ft 3 in United States Delaware and Hudson Canal Company Gravity Railroad, Delaware and Hudson Railway and Haytor Granite Tramway
1,300 mm 4 ft 3 316 in France Funiculars of Lyon (Lyon, France)
Austria Reisszug (Salzburg, Austria)
1,321 mm 4 ft 4 in England Mansfield and Pinxton Railway, Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company (Newport and Pontypool Railway)
1,333 mm 4 ft 4 12 in England Belvoir Castle tramway[28]
1,350 mm 4 ft 5 532 in Brazil Santos tramways (closed 1971)[29] and later Santos heritage tramways (1984–86 and 2000–present)[30]
1,372 mm 4 ft 6 in See 4 ft 6 in gauge railway
1,384 mm 4 ft 6 12 in Scotland various railways in Scotland prior to 1840
1,397 mm 4 ft 7 in United Kingdom Duffryn Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway, Wales[31]
1,416 mm 4 ft 7 34 in England Huddersfield Corporation Tramways
Scotland List of town tramway systems in Scotland
1,422 mm 4 ft 8 in United States Centreville Military Railroad; Green Mountain Cog Railway; Manassas Gap Railroad; Mount Washington Cog Railway
England prior to 1846 (proto standard gauge)
1,429 mm 4 ft 8 14 in United States Washington Metro
1,432 mm[32] 4 ft 8 38 in Hong Kong Disneyland Resort Line, Island Line (including West Island Line), Kwun Tong Line (including Kwun Tong Line Extension), Tseung Kwan O Line, Tsuen Wan Line, Tung Chung Line

Standard gauge: 4 ft 8 12 in  /  1,435 mm[edit]

Main article: Standard gauge
Gauge Country Notes
Metric Imperial
1,435 mm 4 ft 8 12 in See Category:Standard gauge railways Standard gauge is defined both in metric and in imperial units

Broad gauge[edit]

Main article: Broad gauge
Gauge Country Notes
Metric Imperial
 
1,445 mm 4 ft 8 78 in Italy Tramway networks in Milan, Turin and Rome; Orvieto Funicular; railway network until 1930.
Spain Madrid Metro
1,448 mm 4 ft 9 in England Manchester and Leeds Railway
United States Danville, Hazleton and Wilkes-Barre Railroad
1,450 mm 4 ft 9 332 in Germany Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe AG
1,458 mm 4 ft 9 1332 in Germany Trams in Leipzig
1,473 mm 4 ft 10 in United States The Midwest, until after the Civil War (Ohio gauge)
1,492 mm 4 ft 10 34 in Canada Toronto Suburban Railway[33] from 1891 - 1917. 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) until the end at 1931
1,495 mm 4 ft 10 78 in Canada Toronto Transit Commission (TTC)[33]
1,520 mm 4 ft 11 2732 in Also named Russian gauge.
See 5 ft and 1520 mm gauge railways
1,524 mm 5 ft
1,537 mm 5 ft 12 in United Kingdom London and Blackwall Railway 1840-49, converted to standard gauge
1,575 mm 5 ft 2 in Spain Ferrocarril de Langreo
United States Columbus Ohio streetcar[34]
1,581 mm 5 ft 2 14 in United States Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA),[35] Philadelphia
1,588 mm 5 ft 2 12 in United States Pennsylvania trolley gauge[35]
1,600 mm 5 ft 3 in See Irish gauge
1,613 mm 5 ft 3 12 in United States Sacramento Valley Railroad (1852–77)
1,638 mm 5 ft 4 12 in United States Baltimore, Baltimore Streetcar System (defunct)[36] and Baltimore Streetcar Museum (operating)
1,664 mm 5 ft 5 12 in Portugal 5 Portuguese feet
Converted to 1,668 mm from 1955[37]
1,668 mm 5 ft 5 2132 in See Iberian gauge
1,672 mm 5 ft 5 1316 in
Spain 6 Castilian feet
Spanish national rail network Converted to 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in) Iberian gauge from 1955;[37] The current Barcelona metro line 1 and Cercanías Málaga.
1,676 mm 5 ft 6 in Also named Indian gauge

See 5 ft 6 in gauge railway

1,727 mm 5 ft 8 in England Babbacombe Cliff Railway and Fisherman's Walk Cliff Railway
1,750 mm[38] 5 ft 8 78 in France Ligne de Sceaux Paris to Limours via Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse, until 1891
1,800 mm 5 ft 10 78 in Germany Oberweißbacher Bergbahn (de) (funicular section only)[39][40]
1,829 mm 6 ft India In the 19th century, engineers considered this gauge but used 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm)
Russia Saint Petersburg - Tsarskoe Selo Railway, 1837–1897
United States Albany and Susquehanna Railroad, Erie Railroad until June 22, 1880
1,850 mm 6 ft 2732 in Canada Falls Incline Railway[41] in the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario[gauge?]
1,880 mm 6 ft 2 in Ireland Ulster Railway, 1839–1846, re-gauged to 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm)
Taiwan Taipei Metro medium-capacity rubber-tired trains
1,945 mm 6 ft 4 916 in Netherlands Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij, 1839–1866[36]
1,980 mm / 1,981 mm 6 ft 6 in Israel Haifa, Carmelit subway railway line - Funicular
England North Cliff Lift, Scarborough
2,000 mm 6 ft 6 34 in Scotland Cairngorm Mountain Railway - Funicular
2,134 mm 7 ft United Kingdom Original definition of Brunel's broad gauge. This rail gauge was soon changed to 7 ft 14 in (2,140 mm)[42] to ease running in curves.
2,140 mm 7 ft 14 in South Africa East London and Table Bay harbour railways
United Kingdom Brunel's Great Western Railway until converted to standard gauge by May 1892,
see Great Western Railway The "gauge war". harbour railways at the Isle of Portland and Brixham (England), Holyhead (Wales), Port Erin Breakwater Railway (Isle of Man).
Portugal (Azores) Ponta Delgada and Horta harbour (using rolling stock from Holyhead harbour)
2,286 mm 7 ft 6 in England St Nicholas Cliff Lift, Scarborough
2,440 mm 8 ft United States Johnstown Inclined Plane, Johnstown, Pennsylvania
2,743 mm 9 ft Japan Lake Biwa Canal, an inclined plane near Kyoto
United States Knoxville Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
3,000 mm 9 ft 10 18 in Germany See Breitspurbahn
3,048 mm 10 ft United States Fort Pitt Incline and Monongahela Freight Incline, both in Pittsburgh
3,327 mm 10 ft 11 in United Kingdom Dalzell Iron and Steel Works, Motherwell, Lanarkshire.[43][gauge?]
5,500 mm 18 ft United Kingdom Magnus Volk's Brighton and Rottingdean Seashore Electric Railway[44]
8,200 mm 26 ft 10 2732 in Austria Lärchwandschrägaufzug (de)[45]
9,000 mm 29 ft 6 516 in Russia The electric "ship elevator" at the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric dam[46][gauge?]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nieuw ballastbed voor spoorlijn Dierenpark Amersfoort
  2. ^ Algemene Informatie Materieel van het Decauville Spoorweg Museum
  3. ^ a b Nicholson, Peter (1975). Industrial Narrow Gauge Railways in Britain. Bradford, Barton. ISBN 0-85153-236-5. 
  4. ^ a b Industrial Locomotives 1979: including preserved and minor railway locomotives. Industrial Railway Society. 1979. ISBN 0-901096-38-5. 
  5. ^ Track gauge by size From Czech wiki
  6. ^ "Littlethorpe Potteries website article on pot making". 
  7. ^ DGEG Spurweiten 500 bis 599 mm
  8. ^ Bahn-Express - BHS-Salzbergwerk Berchtesgaden
  9. ^ Gruben- und Feldbahn des Emser Bergbaumuseums
  10. ^ Entlang der gleise - Ruhrthaler Feldbahn- und Grubenlokomotiven
  11. ^ Bahn-Express - Ziegeleipark Mildenberg
  12. ^ Hasper Kohlenbahn
  13. ^ a b Swedish Gauges
  14. ^ "List of 2 ft gauge railways worldwide". [dead link]
  15. ^ Kruszwicka Kolejka Dojazdowa - "wojenna" linia Cukrowni Kruszwica
  16. ^ "1974 Aidan Fuller Memorial Trophy Photographic Competition Entry". The Industrial Railway Record (Industrial Railway Society) 60: 49. 1975. 
  17. ^ Dart, Maurice (2005). Cornwall Narrow Gauge including the Camborne & Redruth tramway. Middleton Press. ISBN 1-904474-56-X. 
  18. ^ Mining Railways - S.A. Minière et Métallurgique de Rodange - MMR
  19. ^ Neil Robinson: World Rail Atlas and Historical Summary 7. North, East and Central Africa. 2009.
  20. ^ WarwickshireRailways.com Miscellaneous; Industrial Railways
  21. ^ a b Mitchell, Vic and Smith, Keith (2004). Hampshire Narrow Gauge including the Isle of Wight. Middleton Press. ISBN 1-904474-36-5. 
  22. ^ Die „Kreidebahn“ zwischen Itzehoe und Lägerdorf
  23. ^ ,Industrial Narrow Gauge Railways in England
  24. ^ Homepage Bayerisches Moor- und Torfmuseum
  25. ^ Bryant, R.S. (ed.) (1987). Industrial Locomotives, including preserved and minor railway locomotives. Industrial Railway Society. ISBN 0-901096-55-5. 
  26. ^ Lift world - Gletscherbahn Kaprun 2
  27. ^ Järnvägarna runt Filipstad
  28. ^ "Narrow Gauge Railway Museum article on Belvoir Castle Tramway". 
  29. ^ Morrison, Allen (1989). The Tramways of Brazil: A 130-Year Survey. New York: Bonde Press. pp. 134–138. ISBN 0-9622348-1-8. 
  30. ^ Morrison, Allen (November 1, 2010). "The Tramways of Latin America in 2010". Retrieved 2010-11-09.
  31. ^ The Archaeology of an Early Railway System: The Brecon Forest Tramroads
  32. ^ [1]
  33. ^ a b Old Time Trains
  34. ^ Campbell, Alex (2007). "Track Gauge". Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  35. ^ a b The Electric Interurban Railways in America - by George W. Hilton and John Fitzgerald Due - Page 51
  36. ^ a b "Railroad Gauge Width". Паровоз ИС. Российский железнодорожный портал. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  37. ^ a b 1955
  38. ^ "Écartement des rails". fr.wikipedia (in French). 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  39. ^ Rieger, Bernhard (2006-04-23). "Oberweißbacher Bergbahn". Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  40. ^ Lift World - Oberweißbacher Bergbahn
  41. ^ History of the Incline Railway
  42. ^ MacDermot, E.T. (1927). History of the Great Western Railway, vol. I: 1833–1863. Paddington: Great Western Railway. p. 49. In laying the rails an extra quarter of an inch was allowed on the straight, making the gauge 7 ft 14 in (2,140 mm), strictly speaking, but it was always referred to as 7 feet. 
  43. ^ Jones, Robin. Britain's Weirdest Railways. Horncastle: Morton's Media Ltd. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-906167-25-7. 
  44. ^ Volk's Brighton to Rottingdean Seashore Electric railway
  45. ^ "Lärchwandschrägaufzug" will be more modern, safer and faster
  46. ^ Boat lift Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station on the Yen

External links[edit]