List of tram and light rail transit systems

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The following is a list of cities that have current tram/streetcar, heritage tram/heritage streetcar, or light rail systems as part of their regular public transit systems.[1] In other words, this list only includes systems which operate year-round and provide actual transit service, not ones that are primarily tourist services, are seasonal-only, or are excursion-type tram operations.

Only currently operational LRT systems are included in this listing – LRT systems that have "suspended operation" or are presently under construction are excluded.

Legend[edit]

Location
Primary city served by the tram/streetcar or light rail system.
Country
Country (i.e. independent nation or sovereign state) in which the tram/streetcar or light rail system is located.
Relevant Wikipedia article
The corresponding general article on the topic, such as "Trams in [city]", or the most common English name of the system for systems with articles titled by name rather than by topic description.
Year opened
The year the system opened for passenger service. For older systems, this may refer to horsecar service for those systems continuously in operation since their horsecar era.
Stations
The number of stations in the network, as quoted by the system's operator.
System length
The system length of a tram/streetcar or light rail network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers (or miles). Each section of track is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.
Type
Defines whether the system in question is a tram/streetcar system or a light rail transit system (or, in a few cases, whether the system is a heritage streetcar system).

Africa[edit]

Location Country Relevant Wikipedia article Year opened Type
Algiers[note 1]  Algeria Algiers tramway[2] 2011[2] Tram
Constantine  Algeria Constantine tramway 2013[citation needed] Tram
Oran  Algeria Oran tramway 2013[3] Tram
Cairo[note 1]  Egypt Trams in Greater Cairo 1896[citation needed] Tram
Alexandria  Egypt Trams in Alexandria 1863[citation needed] Tram
Rabat  Morocco Rabat-Salé tramway[4] 2011[4] Tram
Casablanca  Morocco Casablanca tramway 2012[citation needed] Tram
Tunis  Tunisia Métro léger de Tunis 1985[citation needed] Light rail

See also[edit]

Asia[edit]

Note: All systems in Russia, including those in Asia, are listed together, for convenience, in the Europe section of this article.

Location Country Relevant Wikipedia article Year opened Type
Changchun  China Changchun Tram[5] 1941 Tram
Changchun  China Changchun Light Rail Transit[5] 2002[5] Light rail
Dalian[note 1]  China Trams in Dalian[6] 1909 Tram
Hong Kong[note 1]  China Hong Kong Tramways[7] 1904[7] Tram
Hong Kong[note 1]  China MTR Light Rail[8] 1988[8] Light rail
Shanghai[note 1]  China Zhangjiang Tram[note 2] 2010 Translohr
Tianjin[note 1]  China TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram[9][note 3] 2007 Translohr
Kolkata[note 1]  India Kolkata tram 1900[10] Tram
Mashad  Iran Mashhad Light Rail[11] 2011 Light rail
Jerusalem  Israel Jerusalem Light Rail[12] 2011[13] Light rail
Fukui  Japan Fukui Railway[14] 1945 Interurban streetcar
Hakodate  Japan Hakodate City Transportation Bureau[15] 1913 Tram
Hiroshima  Japan Hiroshima Electric Railway[16] 1912[17] Tram
Kagoshima  Japan Kagoshima City Transportation Bureau 1912 Tram
Kamakura, Fujisawa  Japan Enoshima Electric Railway 1900 Light rail
Kitakyūshū  Japan Chikuhō Electric Railroad 1956 Light rail
Kōchi  Japan Tosa Electric Railway 1904 Tram
Kumamoto  Japan Kumamoto City Transportation Bureau 1924 Tram
Kyoto[note 1]  Japan Keifuku Electric Railroad 1910 Light rail
Matsuyama  Japan Iyo Railway 1911 Tram
Nagasaki  Japan Nagasaki Electric Tramway 1915 Tram
Okayama  Japan Okayama Electric Tramway 1912 Tram
Osaka,[note 1] Sakai  Japan Hankai Electric Tramway 1910 Light rail
Ōtsu, Sakai  Japan Keishin Line, Keihan Ishiyama Sakamoto Line operated by Keihan Electric Railway 1912 Interurban streetcar
Sapporo[note 1]  Japan Sapporo Streetcar 1918 Tram
Takaoka, Imizu  Japan Man'yōsen Corporation 1948 Tram
Tokyo[note 1]  Japan Toden Arakawa Line 1913 Tram
Tokyo[note 1]  Japan Tōkyū Setagaya Line 1925 Light rail
Toyama  Japan Toyama Light Rail[18] 2006 Light rail
Toyama  Japan Toyama tram lines 1913 Tram
Toyohashi  Japan Toyohashi tramway 1925 Tram
Almaty[note 1]  Kazakhstan Trams in Almaty[note 4][19][20] 1937 Tram
Oskemen  Kazakhstan Trams in Oskemen[21] 1959 Tram
Pavlodar  Kazakhstan Public transportation in Pavlodar[22] 1965 Tram
Temirtau  Kazakhstan Trams in Temirtau[23] 1959 Tram
Chongjin  North Korea Chongjin trams 1999 Tram
Pyongyang[note 1]  North Korea Pyongyang Tram 1991 Tram
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Ampang Line (Yellow line),
Kelana Jaya Line (Pink line)[24][note 5]
1996,
1998
Light metro/Rapid transit
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia KLIA Ekspres/KLIA Transit[24] 2002[note 6] Light rail
Manila  Philippines Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1[note 7] 1984 Light rail
Manila  Philippines Manila Metro Rail Transit System Line 3[note 7] 1999 Light rail
Antalya  Turkey Rail in Antalya: Antalya trams[25] 1999 Tram
Antalya  Turkey Rail in Antalya: Antalya Light Rail[25] 2009 Light rail
Bursa[note 1]  Turkey Trams in Bursa 2011[26] Heritage tram
Eskişehir  Turkey EsTram 2004 Tram
Gaziantep  Turkey Trams in Gaziantep 2010 Tram
Istanbul[note 1]  Turkey Istanbul LRT[note 8] 1989/2007 Light metro
Istanbul[note 1]  Turkey Istanbul modern tramways[note 9] 1992 Tram
Istanbul[note 1]  Turkey Istanbul nostalgic tramways[note 10] 1990/2003 Heritage tram
Kayseri  Turkey Kayseray[27] 2009 Light rail
Konya  Turkey Trams in Konya 1991 Tram
Samsun  Turkey Transport in Samsun 2010[28] Light rail
Tashkent[note 1]  Uzbekistan Trams in Tashkent[29] 1901 Tram

Europe[edit]

Note: All systems in Turkey, including those in Europe, are listed together, for convenience, in the Asia section of this article.

Location Country Relevant Wikipedia article Year opened Stations System length Type
Gmunden  Austria Gmunden Tramway 1894 11 2.3 km (1.4 mi) Tram/Hertiage tramway
Graz  Austria Trams in Graz 1878 165 59.8 km (37.2 mi)[30] Tram
Innsbruck  Austria Transport in Innsbruck 1891 40 19.5 km (12.1 mi) Tram
Linz  Austria Transport in Linz, Linz–Pöstlingberg 1880 59 26.8 km (16.7 mi) Tram, "Mountain tramway"
Vienna[note 1]  Austria Trams in Vienna 1897 1031 172.1 km (106.9 mi)[31] Tram
Mazyr  Belarus Trams in Mazyr 1988 19.6 km (12.2 mi) Tram
Minsk[note 1]  Belarus Local transport in Minsk 1892 62.8 km (39.0 mi) Tram
Navapolatsk  Belarus Navapolatsk tram 1974 11 km (6.8 mi) Tram
Vitebsk  Belarus Trams in Vitebsk 1898 115 75 km (47 mi) Tram
Antwerp  Belgium Trams in Antwerp 1873 110.1 km (68.4 mi) Tram
Belgian coast  Belgium Belgian Coast Tram 1885 67 68 km (42 mi) Interurban tramway
Brussels[note 1]  Belgium Trams in Brussels,
Brussels heritage trams
1869[32] 291 138.9 km (86.3 mi)[33] Tram,
Heritage tram
Charleroi  Belgium Charleroi Pre-metro 1976 30 21 km (13 mi) Premetro
Ghent  Belgium Ghent Tram 1874 streetcar-like surface stops 30 km (19 mi) Tram
Sarajevo  Bosnia-Herzegovina Sarajevo tram system 1884[34] 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[34] Tram
Sofia[note 1]  Bulgaria Sofia tram system 1901[35] 165 154 km (96 mi)[35] Tram
Brno  Czech Republic Trams in Brno 1869[36] 70 km (43 mi)[37] Tram
Liberec  Czech Republic Liberec tram system
/Trams in Liberec (cs)
1897 21.5 km (13.4 mi) Tram
MostLitvínov  Czech Republic Trams in Most and Litvínov (cs) 1901 Tram
Olomouc  Czech Republic Trams in Olomouc (cs) 1899 32 13.6 km (8.5 mi) Tram
Ostrava  Czech Republic Public Transport in Ostrava
/Trams in Ostrava (cs)
1894[38] 100[39] 65.7 km (40.8 mi)[39] Tram
Plzeň  Czech Republic Transport in Plzeň
/Trams in Plzeň (cs)
1899 20.4 km (12.7 mi) Tram
Prague[note 1]  Czech Republic Trams in Prague 1891[40] 142.4 km (88.5 mi)[41] Tram
Osijek  Croatia Osijek tram system 1926 40 12 km (7.5 mi) Tram
Zagreb  Croatia Zagreb tram system 1910[42] 256[43] 116.3 km (72.3 mi)[43] Tram
Tallinn  Estonia Tallinn trams[44] 1888[44] 39 km (24 mi) Tram
Helsinki[note 1]  Finland Helsinki tram 1891[45] 266[46] 96 km (60 mi)[47] Tram
Angers  France Angers tramway 2011 25 12.3 km (7.6 mi) Tram
Bordeaux  France Bordeaux tramway 2003 90[48] 43.9 km (27.3 mi)[48] Tram
Brest  France Brest Tramway 2012 28 14.3 km (8.9 mi) Tram
Caen  France Caen Tram[note 11] 2002 34 15.7 km (9.8 mi) TVR
Clermont-Ferrand  France Clermont-Ferrand Tramway (fr) 2006 31 14.2 km (8.8 mi) Translohr
Dijon  France Dijon Tramway 2012 35 19 km (12 mi) Tram
Grenoble  France Grenoble tramway 1987 63 29.6 km (18.4 mi) Tram
Le Havre  France Tramway du Havre 2012 23 13 km (8.1 mi) Tram
Le Mans  France Le Mans tramway 2007 29 15.4 km (9.6 mi) Tram
Lille[note 1]
(to Roubaix and Tourcoing)
 France Lille tramway 1909 36 Tram
Lyon[note 1]  France Lyon tramway 2001[49] 80[49] 53.3 km (33.1 mi)[49] Tram
Lyon[note 1]  France Rhônexpress (airport commuter) 2010 4[50] 22 km (14 mi)[50] Tram/Interurban
Marseille[note 1]  France Marseille tramway 2007[51] 28[51] 11.5 km (7.1 mi)[51] Tram
Montpellier  France Montpellier tramway 2000 84[52] 56 km (35 mi)[52] Tram
Mulhouse  France Mulhouse tramway 2006 29 16.2 km (10.1 mi) Tram
Nancy  France Nancy Guided Light Transit[note 11] 2000 28 11.1 km (6.9 mi) TVR
Nantes  France Nantes Tramway 1985 82 42 km (26 mi)[53] Tram
Nice  France Nice tramway 2007 21 8.7 km (5.4 mi) Tram
Orléans  France Orléans tramway 2000 49 29.3 km (18.2 mi) Tram
Paris[note 1]  France Tramways in Île-de-France 1992[54] 120[54][55][56] 71 km (44 mi)[54][55][56] Tram, Translohr, Tram-train
Reims  France Reims tramway 2011 23 11.2 km (7.0 mi) Tram
Rouen  France Tramway de Rouen 1994 31 15.1 km (9.4 mi) Tram
Saint-Etienne  France Saint-Étienne tramway 1881 38 11.7 km (7.3 mi) Tram
Strasbourg  France Strasbourg tramway 1994 67[57] 55.5 km (34.5 mi)[58] Tram
Toulouse[note 1]  France Toulouse tramway 2010[59] 18[59] 11 km (6.8 mi)[59] Tram
Valenciennes  France Valenciennes tramway 2006 28 18.3 km (11.4 mi) Tram
Bad Schandau  Germany Kirnitzschtal Tramway 1898 13 7.9 km (4.9 mi) Straßenbahn
Berlin[note 1]  Germany Berlin tram 1865[60] almost 800[60] 190 km (120 mi)[31][60] Straßenbahn
Bielefeld  Germany Bielefeld Stadtbahn 1991[61] 62[61] 36.9 km (22.9 mi)[61] Stadtbahn
Bochum, Herne[note 12]  Germany Bochum Stadtbahn (BOGESTRA) 1989 21 Stadtbahn
Bochum, Herne[note 13]  Germany Bochum Straßenbahn (BOGESTRA) 1894 208 Straßenbahn
Bonn  Germany Bonn Stadtbahn and Straßenbahn 1891, 1975[note 14] 81[62] 125.4 km (77.9 mi)[62][note 14] Stadtbahn and Straßenbahn
Braunschweig  Germany Braunschweiger Verkehrs-AG 1879 83 39.5 km (24.5 mi) Straßenbahn
Bremen  Germany Bremer Straßenbahn 1876[63] 114.6 km (71.2 mi)[64] Straßenbahn
Cologne/Bonn  Germany Cologne Stadtbahn 1968 222 194.4 km (120.8 mi)[65] Stadtbahn
Darmstadt  Germany Trams in Darmstadt 1886 76 42 km (26 mi)[66] Straßenbahn
Dortmund[note 12]  Germany Dortmund Stadtbahn 1984 125 75.0 km (46.6 mi)[67] Stadtbahn
Dresden  Germany Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe Tramways 1872[68] 154[69] 132.7 km (82.5 mi)[69] Straßenbahn
Duisburg[note 13]  Germany Public transport in Duisburg 1881 76 43.7 km (27.2 mi) Straßenbahn
Düsseldorf[note 12]  Germany Düsseldorf Stadtbahn 1988 99[70] 68.5 km (42.6 mi)[70] Stadtbahn
Düsseldorf[note 13]  Germany Trams in Düsseldorf 1876 178[70] 78.0 km (48.5 mi)[70] Straßenbahn
Erfurt  Germany Transport in Erfurt 1997[71] Stadtbahn
Essen[note 12]  Germany Public Transport in Essen
(incl. Essen Stadtbahn)
1977[72] 19.6 km (12.2 mi)[72] Stadtbahn
Essen[note 13]  Germany Public Transport in Essen
(incl. Essen Straßenbahn)
1893[72] 52.4 km (32.6 mi)[72] Straßenbahn
Frankfurt am Main[note 1]  Germany Trams in Frankfurt am Main 1872[73] 136[74] 67.3 km (41.8 mi)[74] Straßenbahn
Frankfurt (Oder)  Germany Trams in Frankfurt (Oder) 1898 73 19.5 km (12.1 mi) Straßenbahn
Freiburg im Breisgau  Germany Freiburger Verkehrs AG 1901 64 28 km (17 mi) Straßenbahn
Gotha  Germany Trams in Gotha 1894 30 25 km (16 mi) Straßenbahn
Halle  Germany Trams in Halle (Saale) 1882[75] 87.6 km (54.4 mi)[76] Straßenbahn
Hanover  Germany Hanover Stadtbahn 1975[77] 196[77] 121 km (75 mi)[77] Stadtbahn
Jena  Germany Trams in Jena 1901 48 23.7 km (14.7 mi) Straßenbahn
Karlsruhe (& Baden-Baden, Heilbronn, Pforzheim)  Germany Karlsruhe Stadtbahn
(see also: Karlsruhe model)
1992[78] 188[79] 262.4 km (163.0 mi)[79] Stadtbahn
Karlsruhe  Germany Verkehrsbetriebe Karlsruhe Tramways 1877 76 km (47 mi) Straßenbahn
Kassel  Germany Trams in Kassel 1877 127 53 km (33 mi) Straßenbahn
Kassel  Germany Transport in Kassel (RegioTram)[80] 2007 184 km (114 mi)[80] Stadtbahn
Krefeld[note 13]  Germany Transport in Krefeld 1883 Straßenbahn
Leipzig  Germany Trams in Leipzig 1872 510 148.3 km (92.1 mi) Straßenbahn
Mainz  Germany Trams in Mainz 1883 42 42 km (26 mi) Straßenbahn
Mannheim/Ludwigshafen  Germany Public transport in Mannheim 1878 61 km (38 mi) Straßenbahn
Mülheim/Oberhausen[note 13]  Germany Transport in Oberhausen 1897 32 km (20 mi) Straßenbahn
Munich[note 1]  Germany Munich tramway 1876[81] 165[81] 79 km (49 mi)[81] Straßenbahn
Nuremberg[note 1]  Germany Trams in Nuremberg 1881[82] 74[83] 33 km (21 mi)[83] Straßenbahn
Plauen  Germany Trams in Plauen 1894 40 30.1 km (18.7 mi) Straßenbahn
Potsdam  Germany Potsdam Tramway 1880 127 28.9 km (18.0 mi) Straßenbahn
Rostock  Germany Trams in Rostock 1881 64 35.6 km (22.1 mi) Straßenbahn
Saarbrücken  Germany Saarbahn 1997[84] 34[85] 33.6 km (20.9 mi)[84] Stadtbahn
Schwerin  Germany Trams in Schwerin 1908 37 21 km (13 mi) Straßenbahn
Strausberg  Germany Strausberg Railway 1893 10 6.2 km (3.9 mi) Straßenbahn
Stuttgart  Germany Stuttgart Stadtbahn 1985[86] 200[87] 128 km (80 mi)[87] Stadtbahn
Ulm  Germany Trams in Ulm 1897 23 10.2 km (6.3 mi) Straßenbahn
Würzburg  Germany Trams in Würzburg 1892 46 19.7 km (12.2 mi) Straßenbahn
Zwickau  Germany Trams in Zwickau 1894 40 18.5 km (11.5 mi) Straßenbahn
Athens[note 1]  Greece Athens tram 2004[88] 48[88] 27 km (17 mi)[89] Tram
Budapest[note 1]  Hungary Trams in Budapest 1866[90] 627[91] 156.9 km (97.5 mi)[91] Tram
Debrecen  Hungary DKV 1911 13 4.4 km (2.7 mi) Tram
Miskolc  Hungary Trams in Miskolc 1897 22 11.5 km (7.1 mi) Tram
Szeged  Hungary SzKT 1908 49 16.5 km (10.3 mi) Tram
Dublin  Ireland Luas 2004 54 38.2 km (23.7 mi) Tram/Light rail
Isle of Man  Isle of Man Manx Electric Railway 1893 12 27.4 km (17.0 mi) Tram/Heritage tram
Bergamo  Italy Bergamo–Albino light rail 2009 16 12.5 km (7.8 mi) Light rail
Cagliari  Italy Cagliari light rail 2008 9 6.3 km (3.9 mi) Light rail
Florence  Italy Trams in Florence 2010 14 7.6 km (4.7 mi) Tram
Messina  Italy Trams in Messina 2003 18 7.7 km (4.8 mi) Tram
Mestre  Italy Trams in Mestre 2010 18 6.3 km (3.9 mi) Translohr
Milan[note 1]  Italy Trams in Milan 1881 115 km (71 mi) Tram
Naples[note 1]  Italy Trams in Naples 1875 11.8 km (7.3 mi) Tram
Padua  Italy Trams in Padua 2007 25 10.4 km (6.5 mi) Translohr
Rome[note 1]  Italy Trams in Rome 1877 192 39 km (24 mi) Tram
Sassari  Italy Trams in Sassari 2006 8 4.3 km (2.7 mi) Tram
SoprabolzanoCollalbo
in Ritten
 Italy Ferrovia del Renon/Rittnerbahn 1907 5 6.6 km (4.1 mi) Light rail
/Rural tramway
Turin[note 1]  Italy Trams in Turin 1871 58 km (36 mi) Tram
Trieste  Italy Trieste–Opicina tramway 1902 13 5.2 km (3.2 mi) Tram/Funicular Hybrid
Daugavpils  Latvia Daugavpils Tramway 1946 42 25 km (16 mi) Tram
Liepaja  Latvia Liepājas tramvajs 1899 14 6.9 km (4.3 mi) Tram
Riga  Latvia Trams in Riga[92]
/Rīgas Satiksme (lv)
1901[92] 227 182 km (113 mi) Tram
Amsterdam[note 1]  Netherlands Amsterdam Metro: Amstelveen Line (Line 51) (LRT) 1990 29 19.5 km (12.1 mi) Light rail
Amsterdam[note 1]  Netherlands Trams in Amsterdam 1900 80.5 km (50.0 mi)[93] Tram
Rotterdam[note 1]  Netherlands Trams in Rotterdam 1905 75 km (47 mi) Tram
The Hague  Netherlands Trams in The Hague 1890 105 km (65 mi) Tram
Utrecht  Netherlands Utrecht sneltram 1983 25 10.5 km (6.5 mi) Tram
Bergen  Norway Bergen Light Rail 2010 20 13.4 km (8.3 mi) Light rail
Oslo[note 1]  Norway Oslo Tramway 1875 99 131.4 km (81.6 mi) Tram
Trondheim  Norway Trondheim Tramway 1901 21 8.8 km (5.5 mi) Tram
Bydgoszcz  Poland Tramways in Bydgoszcz 1888 61 29.1 km (18.1 mi) Tram
Częstochowa  Poland Tramways in Częstochowa 1959 32 14.7 km (9.1 mi) Tram
Elbląg  Poland Tramways in Elbląg 1895 35 15 km (9.3 mi) Tram
Gdańsk  Poland Tramways in Gdańsk 1873 211 52.2 km (32.4 mi) Tram
Gorzów Wielkopolski  Poland Tramways in Gorzów Wielkopolski 1899 28 25 km (16 mi) Tram
Grudziądz  Poland Tramways in Grudziądz 1896 20 9 km (5.6 mi) Tram
Katowice (Upper Silesia)  Poland Silesian Interurbans 1898 323 171 km (106 mi) Tram
Kraków  Poland Trams in Kraków 1903 358 85 km (53 mi) Tram
Kraków  Poland Kraków Fast Tram
(Krakowski Szybki Tramwaj)
2008 14 km (8.7 mi) Tram
Łódź  Poland Tramways in Łódź 1898 230 141 km (88 mi) Tram
Poznań  Poland Poznań Fast Tram
(Poznański Szybki Tramwaj)
1997 6 6.1 km (3.8 mi) Light rail/Tram
Poznań  Poland Tramways in Poznań 1898 65.6 km (40.8 mi) Tram
Szczecin  Poland Tramways in Szczecin 1879 95 60 km (37 mi) Tram
Toruń  Poland Tramways in Toruń 1891 44 22 km (14 mi) Tram
Tricity, Poland  Poland Szybka Kolej Miejska 2001 51 160 km (99 mi) Light rail
Warsaw[note 1]  Poland Warsaw Tramway 1908 124 km (77 mi)[94] Tram
Warsaw[note 1]  Poland Warszawska Kolej Dojazdowa 1927 28 33 km (21 mi) Light rail
Wrocław  Poland Tramways in Wrocław 1877 382 84 km (52 mi) Tram
Almada-Seixal  Portugal Metro Transportes do Sul 2007 19 13.5 km (8.4 mi) Light rail
Lisbon[note 1]  Portugal Trams in Lisbon 1901 84 48 km (30 mi) Tram
Oeiras  Portugal Oeiras Mini-Metro 2004 1.2 km (0.75 mi) People mover
Porto  Portugal Porto Metro 2002 81 70 km (43 mi) Light rail
Porto  Portugal Trams in Porto 1895 14 km (8.7 mi) Heritage streetcar
Sintra  Portugal Trams in Sintra[95] 1904 8 12.7 km (7.9 mi) Heritage streetcar
Arad  Romania Transport in Arad (de/ro) 1946 64 48 km (30 mi) Tram
Botoșani  Romania Trams in Botoșani 1991 15 8 km (5.0 mi) Tram
Brăila  Romania Transport in Brăila 1900 36 22.7 km (14.1 mi) Tram
Bucharest[note 1]  Romania Bucharest Light rail (Metrou Uşor) (RATB[96]) 2002 Light rail
Bucharest[note 1]  Romania Trams in Bucharest (RATB[96]) 1871[96] 785 143 km (89 mi) Tram
Cluj-Napoca  Romania Trams in Cluj 1987 19 13 km (8.1 mi) Tram
Craiova  Romania Craiova trams 1984 19 16.7 km (10.4 mi) Tram
Galați  Romania Public transport in Galați 1900 37 20.4 km (12.7 mi) Tram
Iași  Romania Public transport in Iași (RATP Iași) 1900 56 76 km (47 mi) Tram
Oradea  Romania Oradea trams (OTP) 1906 37 37.1 km (23.1 mi) Tram
Ploiești  Romania Transportation in Ploiești 1987 25 10.3 km (6.4 mi) Tram
Timișoara  Romania Transport in Timișoara 1869[97] 85 37.5 km (23.3 mi) Tram
Achinsk  Russia Transportation in Achinsk 1967 Tram
Angarsk  Russia Transportation in Angarsk 1953 Tram
Barnaul  Russia Transportation in Barnaul 1948 Tram
Biysk  Russia Trams in Biysk 1960 Tram
Chelyabinsk  Russia Transportation in Chelyabinsk 1932 Tram
Cherepovets  Russia Trams in Cherepovets 1956 Tram
Dzerzhinsk  Russia Trams in Dzerzhinsk 1933 Tram
Irkutsk  Russia Transportation in Irkutsk 1947 Tram
Izhevsk  Russia Izhevsk tramway 1935 Tram
Kaliningrad  Russia Transportation in Kaliningrad 1881 Tram
Kazan[note 1]  Russia Public transit in Kazan 1899 Tram
Kemerovo  Russia Trams in Kemerovo 1940 Tram
Khabarovsk  Russia Trams in Khabarovsk 1956 Tram
Kolomna  Russia Public transportation in Kolomna 1948 Tram
Komsomolsk-on-Amur  Russia Trams in Komsomolsk-on-Amur 1957 Tram
Krasnoarmeysk  Russia Trams in Krasnoarmeysk 1958 Tram
Krasnodar  Russia Transportation in Krasnodar 1900 Tram
Krasnoturinsk  Russia Trams in Krasnoturinsk 1954 Tram
Krasnoyarsk  Russia Trams in Krasnoyarsk 1958 Tram
Kursk  Russia Transportation in Kursk 1898 Tram
Lipetsk  Russia Transport in Lipetsk 1947 Tram
Magnitogorsk  Russia Transportation in Magnitogorsk 1935 Tram
Moscow[note 1]  Russia Trams in Moscow 1872 181 km (112 mi)[31] Tram
Naberezhnye Chelny  Russia Public transport in
Naberezhnye Chelny
1973 Tram
Nizhnekamsk  Russia Trams in Nizhnekamsk 1967 Tram
Nizhny Tagil  Russia Trams in Nizhny Tagil 1937 Tram
Nizhny Novgorod[note 1]  Russia Public transportation in
Nizhny Novgorod
1896 Tram
Novocherkassk  Russia Trams in Novocherkassk 1954 Tram
Novokuznetsk  Russia Transportation in Novokuznetsk 1933 Tram
Novosibirsk[note 1]  Russia Trams in Novosibirsk 1934 Tram
Novotroitsk  Russia Novotroitsk culture 1956 Tram
Omsk  Russia Transportation in Omsk 1936 Tram
Orsk  Russia Trams in Orsk 1948 Tram
Osinniki  Russia Trams in Osinniki 1969 Tram
Perm  Russia Transportation in Perm 1929 Tram
Prokopyevsk  Russia Trams in Prokopyevsk 1936 Tram
Pyatigorsk  Russia Trams in Pyatigorsk 1904 Tram
Rostov-on-Don  Russia Public transport in
Rostov-on-Don
1902 Tram
St. Petersburg[note 1]  Russia Tramways in Saint Petersburg 1902 240 km (150 mi)[31] Tram
Salavat  Russia Trams in Salavat 1957 Tram
Samara[note 1]  Russia Transportation in Samara 1915 Tram
Saratov  Russia Trams in Saratov 1908 Tram
Smolensk  Russia Transportation in Smolensk 1901 Tram
Stary Oskol  Russia Trams in Stary Oskol 1981 Tram
Taganrog  Russia Trams in Taganrog 1932 Tram
Tomsk  Russia Public transportation in Tomsk 1949 Tram
Tula  Russia Transportation in Tula 1927 Tram
Tver  Russia Transportation in Tver 1901 Tram
Ufa  Russia Transportation in Ufa 1937 Tram
Ulan-Ude  Russia Transportation in Ulan-Ude 1958 Tram
Ulyanovsk  Russia Transportation in Ulyanovsk 1954 Tram
Usolye-Sibirskoye  Russia Economy and infrastructure in
Usolye-Sibirskoye
1967 Tram
Ust-Ilimsk  Russia Economy and infrastructure in
Ust-Ilimsk
1988 Tram
Vladikavkaz  Russia Transportation in Vladikavkaz 1904 Tram
Vladivostok  Russia Urban transportation in Vladivostok 1912 Tram
Volchansk  Russia Volchansk tram system[note 15] 1951 Tram
Volgograd  Russia Volgograd Metrotram 1984 Premetro
Volgograd  Russia Transportation in Volgograd 1913 Tram
Volzhsky  Russia Trams in Volzhsky 1963 Tram
Yaroslavl  Russia Public transportation in Yaroslavl 1900 Tram
Yekaterinburg[note 1]  Russia Transportation in Yekaterinburg 1929 Tram
Zlatoust  Russia Trams in Zlatoust 1934 Tram
Belgrade  Serbia Belgrade tram system 1892 127.3 km (79.1 mi) Tram
Bratislava  Slovakia Public transport in Bratislava 1895 152 39.6 km (24.6 mi) Tram
Košice  Slovakia Public transport in Košice 1914 Tram
Poprad-Štrbské pleso and Starý Smokovec-Tatranská Lomnica  Slovakia Tatra Electric Railway 1911 22 35 km (22 mi) Light rail(?)
Trenčianske Teplice  Slovakia Trenčianske Teplice Electric Railway 1909 5.9 km (3.7 mi) Heritage railway
Alicante  Spain Alicante Tram 1999 59 141.2 km (87.7 mi) Tram/Light metro
Barcelona[note 1]  Spain Trams in Barcelona 1872 61 30.4 km (18.9 mi) Tram and heritage tramway
Bilbao / Vitoria-Gasteiz[note 1]  Spain Euskotren Tranbia 1998 30 12 km (7.5 mi) Tram
Madrid[note 1]  Spain Metro Ligero 2007 36 27.8 km (17.3 mi) Light rail
Murcia  Spain Transportation in Murcia 2011 28 18 km (11 mi) Tram
Parla  Spain Parla Tram 2007 15 8.3 km (5.2 mi) Tram
Santa Cruz de Tenerife  Spain Tenerife Tram 2007 27 15.1 km (9.4 mi) Tram
Seville[note 1]  Spain MetroCentro tramway 2007 5 2.2 km (1.4 mi) Tram
Sóller, Mallorca  Spain Tranvía de Sóller 1913 2 4.9 km (3.0 mi) Heritage tramway
Valencia  Spain Metrovalencia 1988 169 134 km (83 mi) Premetro
Zaragoza  Spain Zaragoza tram 2011 11 12.8 km (8.0 mi) Tram
Gothenburg  Sweden Gothenburg tram 1879 131 161 km (100 mi) Tram
Norrköping  Sweden Trams in Norrköping 1904 47 21.0 km (13.0 mi) Tram
Stockholm[note 1]  Sweden Trams in Stockholm 1901 59,[note 16] 10[note 17] 39.5 km (24.5 mi)[note 18] Tram and heritage tramway
Basel   Switzerland[note 19] Trams in Basel 1895 >100 74 km (46 mi) Tram
Bern   Switzerland Trams in Bern 1890 71 33.4 km (20.8 mi) Tram
Geneva   Switzerland Trams in Geneva 1862 76 36 km (22 mi) Tram
Lausanne   Switzerland Lausanne Metro[note 20] 1991 15[note 20] 8 km (5.0 mi)[note 20] Light rail
Zürich   Switzerland Trams in Zürich 1882 70 km (43 mi)[98] Tram
Istanbul  Turkey — See Asian section, above.
Avdiivka  Ukraine Avdiyivka tram 1965 12 km (7.5 mi) Tram
Dniprodzerzhynsk  Ukraine Dniprodzerzhynsk tram 1935 39.5 km (24.5 mi) Tram
Dnipropetrovsk[note 1]  Ukraine Transportation in Dnipropetrovsk 1897 87.8 km (54.6 mi) Tram
Donetsk  Ukraine Transport in Donetsk 1928 65.7 km (40.8 mi) Tram
Druzhkivka  Ukraine Druzhkivka tram 1945 9.8 km (6.1 mi) Tram
Horlivka  Ukraine Horlivka tram 1933 28.4 km (17.6 mi) Tram
Kharkiv[note 1]  Ukraine Kharkiv tram 1906 Tram
Kiev[note 1]  Ukraine Trams in Kiev 1892 141.1 km (87.7 mi) Tram
Kiev[note 1]  Ukraine Kiev Light Rail 1978 19 21 km (13 mi) Light rail, Premetro
Konotop  Ukraine Transport in Konotop 1949 13.9 km (8.6 mi) Tram
Kostiantynivka  Ukraine Kostiantynivka tram 1931 25.4 km (15.8 mi) Tram
Kramatorsk  Ukraine Kramatorsk tram 1937 17.4 km (10.8 mi) Tram
Kryvyi Rih  Ukraine Kryvyi Rih Metrotram 1986 11 17.7 km (11.0 mi) Premetro
Luhansk  Ukraine Luhansk tram 1934 Tram
Lviv  Ukraine Trams in Lviv 1908 Tram
Mariupol  Ukraine Transportation in Mariupol 1933 Tram
Mykolaiv  Ukraine Mykolaiv tram 1922 Tram
Odessa  Ukraine Odessa Tram 1910 Tram
Vinnytsia  Ukraine Vinnytsia Tramway 1913 Tram
Yevpatoria  Ukraine Yevpatoria tram 1914 Tram
Yenakiieve  Ukraine Yenakiieve tram 1932 Tram
Zaporizhia  Ukraine Transportation in Zaporizhia 1932 Tram
Zhytomyr  Ukraine Transport in Zhytomyr 1899 Tram
Birmingham  United Kingdom Midland Metro 1999 23 20.2 km (12.6 mi) Tram/Light rail
Blackpool  United Kingdom Blackpool tramway 1885 29 17.7 km (11.0 mi) Tram/Heritage tram
Llandudno  United Kingdom Great Orme Tramway 1902–1903 3 1.46 km (0.91 mi) Tram/Funicular
London[note 1]  United Kingdom Tramlink 2000 39 28 km (17 mi) Tram/Light rail
London[note 1]  United Kingdom Docklands Light Railway (DLR) 1987 45 34 km (21 mi) Light metro
Greater Manchester  United Kingdom Metrolink 1992 76 76.8 km (47.7 mi) Tram/Light rail[99]
Newcastle upon Tyne[note 1]  United Kingdom Tyne and Wear Metro 1980 60 77.7 km (48.3 mi) Light rail/Light metro/Premetro
Nottingham  United Kingdom Nottingham Express Transit 2004 23 14 km (8.7 mi) Tram/Light rail
Southport  United Kingdom Southport Pier Tramway 2005 2 1.1 km (0.68 mi) Tram
Sheffield  United Kingdom Sheffield Supertram 1994 48 29 km (18 mi) Tram/Light rail

See also[edit]

North America[edit]

The following systems provide regular transit service daily and year-round in North America. The bottom of the table lists those specific systems or lines using vintage or faux-vintage streetcars. For other heritage streetcar lines, ones with more limited service, see Streetcars in North America.

Location Country Relevant Wikipedia article Year opened Stations System length Type
Calgary  Canada C-Train[100] 1981[100] 44[100] 56 km (35 mi)[100] Light rail
Edmonton  Canada Edmonton Light Rail Transit[101] 1978[101] 15[101] 21 km (13 mi)[101] Light rail
Ottawa  Canada O-Train[102] 2001[103] 5[102] 8 km (5.0 mi)[102] Light rail
Toronto[note 1]  Canada Toronto streetcar system[104] 1861[105] 708 streetcar surface stops[104] 82 km (51 mi)[105] Streetcar/Tram
Guadalajara  Mexico Guadalajara light rail system[106] 1989[106] 29[107] 24.0 km (14.9 mi)[106] Light rail
Mexico City[note 1]  Mexico Xochimilco Light Rail[108] 1986 18[108] 12.8 km (8.0 mi) Light rail
Monterrey  Mexico Monterrey Metro (Metrorrey)[109] 1991[109] 31[110] 32 km (20 mi)[111] Light rail
Baltimore[note 1]  United States Baltimore Light Rail[112] 1992 33[112] 53.1 km (33.0 mi)[112] Light rail
Boston  United States MBTA Green Line[113][114][note 21] 1897[115] 66[113] 36.4 km (22.6 mi)[113] Light rail
Ashmont–Mattapan High Speed Line[113][114] 1929 8[113] 4.2 km (2.6 mi)[113] Heritage streetcar
Buffalo, New York  United States Buffalo Metro Rail 1985 14[116] 10.3 km (6.4 mi) Light rail
Camden, New Jersey
/Trenton, New Jersey
 United States River LINE (NJ Transit)[117][118] 2004 20[118] 45.6 km (28.3 mi)[117] Tram-train
Charlotte, North Carolina  United States Lynx Rapid Transit Services[119] 2007[120] 15[119] 15.45 km (9.60 mi)[119] Light rail
Cleveland  United States Blue and Green Lines[121][note 22] 1913[122] 34[121] 24.6 km (15.3 mi)[121] Light rail
Dallas  United States Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART)[123] 1996[124] 61[123] 137 km (85 mi)[123] Light rail
McKinney Avenue Transit Authority 1989 12 6.8 km (4.2 mi) Heritage streetcar
Denver  United States RTD Light Rail[125] 1994[126] 46[125] 76 km (47 mi)[125] Light rail
Houston  United States METRORail[127] 2004[128] 24[129] 20.6 km (12.8 mi)[127] Light rail
Hudson County, New Jersey  United States Hudson–Bergen Light Rail
(NJ Transit)[117][130]
2000 24[130] 29.4 km (18.3 mi)[117] Light rail
Kenosha, Wisconsin  United States Kenosha Streetcar service[131] 2000[131] streetcar-like surface stops 3.2 km (2.0 mi)[131] Heritage streetcar
Little Rock, Arkansas  United States River Rail Streetcar[132] 2004[132] 15[133] 5.5 km (3.4 mi)[132] Heritage streetcar
Los Angeles  United States Metro Rail[134][note 23] 1990[134] 65[134][note 23] 113.1 km (70.3 mi)[134]
[note 23]
Light rail
Waterfront Red Car Line[135]
in San Pedro district, Port of LA
2003[135] 4[135] 2.4 km (1.5 mi)[135] Heritage streetcar
Memphis, Tennessee  United States Memphis Area Transit Authority Trolley[136] 1993[137] 25[138] 10.1 km (6.3 mi) Heritage streetcar
Minneapolis  United States METRO: Blue Line (formerly: Hiawatha Line)[139] 2004[139] 19[139] 19.8 km (12.3 mi)[139] Light rail
Morgantown, West Virginia  United States Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit[140] 1975 5[141] 14.0 km (8.7 mi) People mover
New Orleans  United States New Orleans Streetcars[142][143] 1835 streetcar-like surface stops 35.9 km (22.3 mi)[142][143] Heritage streetcar
Newark, New Jersey  United States Newark Light Rail (NJ Transit)[117][144] 1935 17[144] 11.2 km (7.0 mi)[117] Light rail, Premetro
Norfolk, Virginia  United States The Tide[145] 2011[146] 11[145] 11.9 km (7.4 mi)[145] Light rail
Oceanside, California  United States SPRINTER[147] 2008[147] 15[147] 35 km (22 mi)[147] Light rail
Philadelphia[note 1]  United States SEPTA Routes 101 and 102[148][149][150] 1858/1906[151] 52[150] 19.2 km (11.9 mi)[149][150] Light rail
SEPTA Subway–Surface Trolley Lines[148][149][150] 1906[151] 16[150] 31.9 km (19.8 mi)[149][150] Streetcar/tram
SEPTA Route 15 (Girard Avenue Trolley)[148][149][150] 2005 61 13.5 km (8.4 mi)[149][150] Heritage streetcar
Phoenix, Arizona  United States Valley Metro Light Rail[152] 2008[152] 28[152] 32 km (20 mi)[152] Light rail
Pittsburgh  United States Pittsburgh Light Rail[153] 1859/1984[151] 53[153] 42.2 km (26.2 mi)[153] Light Rail/Rapid transit hybrid
Portland, Oregon  United States MAX Light Rail[154] 1986[154] 87[155] 83.7 km (52.0 mi)[154] Light rail
Portland Streetcar[156] 2001[156] streetcar-like surface stops 11.6 km (7.2 mi) Streetcar/tram
Sacramento  United States Sacramento Regional Transit District Light Rail[157] 1987[157] 50[157] 62.1 km (38.6 mi)[157] Light rail
St. Louis, Missouri  United States St. Louis MetroLink[158] 1993[159] 37[158] 74.0 km (46.0 mi)[158] Light rail
Salt Lake City  United States TRAX[160] 1999 50[160] 72.1 km (44.8 mi)[161] Light rail
S Line[162] 2013[162] 7[160] 3.2 km (2.0 mi)[162] Streetcar/tram
San Diego  United States San Diego Trolley[163] 1981[163] 53[163] 86.1 km (53.5 mi)[163] Light rail
San Diego Trolley's Silver Line[164][165] 2011[165] 9[165] 4.3 km (2.7 mi)[166] Heritage streetcar
San Francisco[note 24]  United States Muni Metro[167] 1980[167] 120[167][note 25] 57.5 km (35.7 mi)[167] Light rail, Premetro, Streetcar hybrid
San Francisco
cable car system
[168][169]
1878[168] streetcar-like surface stops 8.3 km (5.2 mi) Cable car
F Market & Wharves line[169][170] 1995[170][171] 32[169] 10 km (6.2 mi)[169] Heritage streetcar
San Jose, California  United States VTA Light Rail[172][173] 1987[172] 62[172] 67.9 km (42.2 mi)[172] Light rail
Seattle  United States Sound Transit Central Link[174] 2009 13[174] 25.1 km (15.6 mi)[174] Light rail
Seattle Streetcar:
South Lake Union (SLU) Line[175]
2007[176] streetcar-like surface stops 2.1 km (1.3 mi)[175] Streetcar/tram
Tacoma, Washington  United States Sound Transit Tacoma Link[174] 2003 6[174] 2.6 km (1.6 mi)[174] Light rail
Tampa, Florida  United States TECO Line Streetcar System[177] 2002 11[178] 4.35 km (2.70 mi)[177] Heritage streetcar

See also[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Location Country Relevant Wikipedia article Year opened Stations System length Type
Adelaide  Australia Glenelg Tram 1873[179] 28[180] 15 km (9.3 mi) Tram
Bendigo  Australia Trams in Bendigo 1972 Tram
Melbourne  Australia Trams in Melbourne 1884[181] 1763[182] 250 km (160 mi)[182] Tram
Sydney  Australia Light rail in Sydney 1997[183] 14[183] 7.2 km (4.5 mi)[183] Tram
Auckland  New Zealand Auckland Dockline Tram 2011 Tram
Christchurch  New Zealand Christchurch tramway system 1995 7[184] 2.5 km (1.6 mi) Heritage tramway

South America[edit]

Location Country Relevant Wikipedia article Year opened Type
Buenos Aires[note 1]  Argentina PreMetro (Line E2)[185] 1987[185][186] Light rail
Mendoza  Argentina Metrotranvía Mendoza 2012[187] Light rail
Crato/Juazeiro do Norte  Brazil Cariri MetroTram 2009 Light rail
Rio de Janeiro[note 1]  Brazil Santa Teresa Tram 1877 Heritage streetcar
Santos  Brazil Santos Heritage Tram 2000[188] Heritage streetcar
Carabobo  Venezuela Valencia Metro 2006 Light rail

See also[edit]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Maps of tram and light rail transit systems
Light rail transit systems in Japan 
Light rail transit systems in the Czech Republic 
Light Rail Transit systems in the contiguous United States, as of 2009 
Light rail transit systems in France (September 2012) 
Light rail transit systems in Germany (Dec. 2006) 
Light rail transit systems in Southeast Europe 
Light rail transit systems in Italy (July 2006) 
Light rail transit systems in Spain and Portugal (July 2007) 
Example 1

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx This city also has a metro/rapid transit system, in addition to its light rail/tram system - see the List of metro systems.
  2. ^ See Trams in Shanghai for former Shanghai tram network.
  3. ^ See Trams in Tianjin for former Tianjin tram network.
  4. ^ Eight of Almaty's ten tram lines were closed, upon completion of the Almaty Metro. As of today, only two of the tram lines remain.
  5. ^ Kuala Lumpur's two light rail lines are also considered to be "rapid transit".
  6. ^ Opening date for both lines.
  7. ^ a b Manila's two light rail lines are also considered to be "rapid transit".
  8. ^ The Istanbul LRT is a light metro system consisting of two lines: the 19.6 km M1 line (opened in 1989), and the 15.3 km T4 line (opened in 2007). The system spans a total length of 32 km (20 miles), with 10.4 km (6 mi) of it underground.
  9. ^ The Istanbul modern tram can only be found on the European side of Istanbul.
  10. ^ The Nostalgic tram of Istanbul consists of two completely separate heritage tram systems, one on the European side (opened in 1990), the other on the Asian side (opened in 2003).
  11. ^ a b This is a "rubber-tyred tramway" system featuring a single guide rail. The Caen system is proposed to be replaced with light rail by 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d This system is one of the components of the larger Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn network, which was organized in 1996 and is operated by Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr. The Rhine-Ruhr Stadbahn is composed of linked-together individual Stadtbahn rail systems in the following cities: Bochum-Herne, Dortmund, Düsseldorf (and Duisburg, Krefeld), and Essen (and Gelsenkirchen and Mülheim an der Ruhr).
  13. ^ a b c d e f This system is part of the larger Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (VRR) transport network which was founded in 1980, and feeds into the Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn system. The VRR transport network is composed of transit systems in the following cities: Bochum, Castrop-Rauxel, Dortmund, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Hattingen, Herne, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Oberhausen, Wattenscheid, and Witten. Recklinghausen was in the system, but left it in 1982.
  14. ^ a b Bonn's urban rail system is made up of two components: a six line, 95.8 km (59.5 mi) Stadtbahn network inaugurated from an upgraded Straßenbahn system in 1975, and a legacy Straßenbahn network of three lines and 29.5 km (18.3 mi) of route which can be dated back to 1891.
  15. ^ Purportedly the smallest town (pop. approx. 10,000) in the world with its own stand-alone tram system.
  16. ^ Stations for the tram line(s) only.
  17. ^ Stations for the heritage tramway line(s) only.
  18. ^ Total length for both tram and heritage tramway portions combined.
  19. ^ Parts of Basel's tram network lie within France or Germany.
  20. ^ a b c The Lausanne Metro has two lines. Line 1 is light rail; line 2 is a rapid transit/metro system. Statistics shown are for line 1 only.
  21. ^ While the MBTA Green Line is light rail, the MBTA Blue, Orange, and Red lines of the system are rapid transit/subways.
  22. ^ While the Blue and Green Lines are light rail, Cleveland's other transit line, the Red Line, is rapid transit.
  23. ^ a b c For light-rail portion (Blue, Expo, Gold and Green lines) of L.A. Metro only. The Red and Purple lines of L.A. Metro are rapid transit/subway systems and are not included here.
  24. ^ The San Francisco Bay Area is also served by the rapid transit BART system.
  25. ^ Muni Metro: 33 stations (9 underground; 24 surface), with an additional 87 streetcar-like surface stops.

References[edit]

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  3. ^ "Oran tramway opens for business, with more Algerian LRT to come" (June 2013). Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, p. 212. LRTA Publishing (UK).
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  8. ^ a b "MTR - Getting Around - Light Rail & Bus Services". MTR. 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  9. ^ "Why TEDA-Location and Transportation (See Introduction to the Light Rail section)". 
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  12. ^ "Citypass - Jerusalem Light Rail". Citypass. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
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  15. ^ "Hakodate city tram". Retrieved 2009-08-01. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Hiroshima HIRODEN streetcars". Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  17. ^ Brown, Colin (2007). "Tramway Opening and Closure Dates". Bullet-In Issue 61, p.25
  18. ^ "Toyama Light Rail Streetcar". Light Rail Now!. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  19. ^ "Information about transport infrastructure of Almaty (mentions tram)". 
  20. ^ "Subways and Trams in Kazakhstan: Almaty's Metro (mentions tram)". [better source needed]
  21. ^ "About the City (mentions tram)". 
  22. ^ http://www.subways.net/kazakstan/pavlodar.htm[better source needed]
  23. ^ http://www.subways.net/kazakstan/temirtau.htm[better source needed]
  24. ^ a b http://www.myrapid.com.my/[bare URL]
  25. ^ a b "The Antalya Tramway". www.subways.net. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  26. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, September 2011, p. 368. LRTA Publishing.
  27. ^ "Ana Sayfa" (in Turkish). Kayseri Ulaşim A.ş. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  28. ^ "Samsun tramways". www.subways.net. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  29. ^ "Tashkent Subway". 
  30. ^ "Dienstleister für Generationen - Geschäftsbericht der Holding Graz 2012" [Supplier for Generations - Business Report of Holding Graz 2012] (pdf). holding-graz.at (via: http://www.holding-graz.at/holding-graz/unternehmen/geschaeftsbericht.html) (in German). Holding Graz. August 2013. p. 47. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 
  31. ^ a b c d "Wien hat das fünftgrößte Straßenbahnnetz der Welt" [Vienna has the fifth largest tramway network in the world]. Wiener Linien website. Wiener Linien. 2011. Retrieved 2013-08-31.  (German)
  32. ^ "STIB - La STIB de 1890 à 1953" [STIB - STIB from 1869 to 1953] (in French). STIB. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  33. ^ "Activity Report 2011 - Figures & statistics '11" (pdf). STIB/MIVB. p. 08. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  34. ^ a b "JKP Gras". JKP GRAS. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  35. ^ a b "Urban transport - History of Sofia Trams". Sofia Urban Mobility Center. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-10. 
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  37. ^ "Figures and Data". Dopravní podnik města Brna, A.S. (DPMB). Retrieved 2013-09-22. 
  38. ^ "History of public transport in Ostrava". Dopravní Podnik Ostrava (DPO). Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  39. ^ a b "DATA-ČÍSLA 2013" [DATA-NUMBERS 2013] (pdf) (in Czech). Dopravní Podnik Ostrava (DPO). January 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-06. 
  40. ^ "History - Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy". Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  41. ^ "Company Profile - Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy". Dopravní podnik hlavnívo města Prahy. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  42. ^ "Tram in Zagreb". Zagrebački električni tramvaj. 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  43. ^ a b "Tram service". Zagrebački električni tramvaj. 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  44. ^ a b "ajalugu - Est - Koonid - Ajalugu - Tramm" (in Estonian). Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  45. ^ "Helsinki City Transport - About HKL - History - History of tram transport". Helsinki City Transport. December 30, 2009. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  46. ^ "Helsinki City Transport - HKL Tram - Stops". Helsinki City Transport. January 8, 2010. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  47. ^ "Helsinki City Transport - HKL Tram - Track". Helsinki City Transport. May 24, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
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External links[edit]