List of truck types

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For meanings of the word truck see also: Truck (disambiguation).

This list is intended to classify trucks and to provide links to articles on the various types. The three main classifications for road truck by weight are light trucks, medium trucks, and heavy trucks. Above this there are specialised very heavy trucks and transporters such as heavy haulers for moving oversized loads, and off-road heavy trucks used in and mining which are too large for highway use without escorts and special permits.

In the UK, trucks (lorries) are defined by the driving licence required. Heavy Goods Vehicles is a term normally applied to vehicles greater than 7½ tonnes. Drivers who passed their car test before 1997 can drive vehicles up to 7½ tonnes (8¼ tonnes combined with trailer), whereas car drivers who passed their test on or after 1 January 1997 are limited by EU Directive 91/439/EEC to "Category B" vehicles (having a Maximum Authorised Mass of 3½ tonnes).

Small trucks[edit]

Light trucks[edit]

A military light truck, originally used for troop transport, and now for safari trips

Medium trucks[edit]

An Ford Econoline 350 box truck in Harrisonburg, Virginia.
1934 Dodge Brothers 2-ton stake truck red.

Some of the truck types listed under heavy trucks may also come in medium sizes. In North America, a medium-duty truck is larger than a heavy-duty pickup truck or full-size van.

The following are not types of trucks but types of use of the trucks listed above:

Heavy trucks[edit]

Scammell ballast tractor at the Torbay Steam Fair in August 2007. Note the front drawbar connection coupling for pushing heavy loads.

Except for semi-trailer trucks and, generally, mobile cranes, the following types may also come in medium sizes.

Very heavy trucks and transporters[edit]

Transportation of a large transformer by road to an electricity substation in Germany.

Vehicles in this category are too large for highway use without escorts and special permits.

See also[edit]