List of turnpikes in Connecticut

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For the turnpike built in the 20th century, see Connecticut Turnpike.

This is a list of turnpikes built and operated by private companies or non-profit turnpike trusts in the U.S. state of Connecticut, mainly in the 19th century. While most of the roads are still maintained as free public roads, some have been abandoned.

List[edit]

Name Chartered Routing Approximate modern designation Notes
Mohegan Road May 1792 New London - Uncasville - Norwich Route 32 First toll road in New England and second in the country (the first was the road over Snicker's Gap, Virginia, chartered in 1785)
Greenwich Road October 1792 Boston Post Road in Greenwich U.S. Route 1 Became part of the Connecticut Turnpike in 1806
New London and Windham County Turnpike May 1795 Norwich - Jewett City - Plainfield - Oneco - Rhode Island (Providence and Norwich Turnpike) Route 12, Route 14A
Oxford Turnpike May 1795 Southbury - Oxford - Seymour[1] Route 67
Hartford, New London, Windham and Tolland County Turnpike October 1795 Manchester - Bolton - Andover - Columbia - Lebanon - Yantic Route 85, Bolton Center Road, U.S. Route 6, Route 87
Norwalk and Danbury Turnpike October 1795 Wilton - Georgetown - Bethel U.S. Route 7 - Route 107, Umpawaug Road,[2] Route 53
Fairfield, Weston and Reading Turnpike May 1797 Bethel - Redding Ridge - Easton[3][4] Sunset Hill Road, Route 58
Straits Turnpike October 1797 New Haven - Naugatuck - Watertown - Litchfield Route 69, Litchfield Turnpike, Route 63
New Milford and Litchfield Turnpike October 1797 New Milford - New Preston - Bantam U.S. Route 202
Boston Turnpike October 1797 East Hartford - Manchester - Mansfield - Ashford - Pomfret - Thompson - Massachusetts (Ninth Massachusetts Turnpike) U.S. Route 44, Route 244, Freedley Road, West Thompson Road, Route 193, East Thompson Road
Talcott Mountain Turnpike May 1798 Hartford - Avon - Canton - New Hartford U.S. Route 44
Ousatonic Turnpike May 1798 New Milford - Lakeside - Derby Much of the road has been destroyed by the Shepaug Dam and Stevenson Dam; the rest is Grove Street, River Road, and Route 34 Portion north of the Stevenson Dam operated as the River Turnpike between 1834 and 1841
Derby Turnpike May 1798 New Haven - Derby Route 34 Last turnpike in Connecticut (stopped collecting tolls in 1895)
Greenwoods Turnpike October 1798 New Hartford - Winsted - Norfolk - Massachusetts (Twelfth Massachusetts Turnpike) U.S. Route 44, Old Turnpike Road
Hartford and New Haven Turnpike October 1798 New Haven - Meriden - Berlin - Hartford Hartford Turnpike, Route 150, U.S. Route 5, Maple Avenue
Litchfield and Harwinton Turnpike October 1798 Litchfield - Harwinton - Burlington Route 118, Route 4
Windham Turnpike May 1799 North Coventry - Coventry - Willimantic - Windham - Scotland - Canterbury - Plainfield Route 31, Route 32, Plains Road, Route 14, Route 14A
Canaan and Litchfield Turnpike May 1799 Litchfield - Goshen - Canaan Route 63, U.S. Route 7
Farmington River Turnpike May 1800 New Hartford - Riverton - Massachusetts (Tenth Massachusetts Turnpike) Route 181, East River Road, Hogback Road, and a road buried by Colebrook River Lake
Windham and Mansfield Turnpike May 1800 Yantic - Franklin - Windham - Mansfield - Storrs - Stafford - Massachusetts (Petersham and Monson Turnpike) Route 32, Manning Bridge Road, Jerusalem Road, Route 203, Tuckie Road, Route 195, Route 320, Lohse Road, Stafford Street, Goodell Road, Old Monson Road, Route 32 Part of the road operated by the Stafford Pool Turnpike, later the Stafford Mineral Spring Turnpike, after 1813
Cheshire Turnpike May 1800 New Haven - Whitneyville - Hamden - Cheshire - Southington - Plainville Whitney Avenue, Route 10
Granby Turnpike October 1800 Massachusetts - Granby - Tariffville - Hartford Route 189
Hartford and New London Turnpike October 1800 East Hartford - Glastonbury - Marlborough - Colchester - Salem - New London Route 2, Route 85
Farmington and Bristol Turnpike May 1801 Burlington - Farmington - West Hartford - Hartford George Washington Turnpike, Red Oak Hill Road, Route 10, Route 4, Farmington Avenue
Danbury and Ridgefield Turnpike May 1801 Danbury - Ridgefield U.S. Route 7, Route 35
Torrington Turnpike May 1801 Litchfield - Torrington - Canton - West Simsbury U.S. Route 202, Town Bridge Road, Simonds Avenue, Lawton Road, West Mountain Road[citation needed]
Norwich and Woodstock Turnpike May 1801 Norwich - Canterbury - Brooklyn - Pomfret - Woodstock - Fabyan - Massachusetts; South Woodstock - North Woodstock - Massachusetts Canterbury Turnpike, Paper Mill Road, Kinsman Hill Road, Route 169, Roseland Park Road, Paine District Road, Fabyan Road; Route 169
Salisbury and Canaan Turnpike October 1801 Huntsville - Falls Village - Lakeville - New York (Ulster and Delaware Turnpike) Route 126, Falls Mountain Road, Farnum Road, U.S. Route 44
Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike October 1801 Bridgeport - Trumbull - Botsford - Newtown - Brookfield Route 111, Route 25, Currituck Road, Route 25
Waterbury River Turnpike October 1801 Naugatuck - Waterbury - Thomaston - Torrington - Winchester - Colebrook - Massachusetts (Fifteenth Massachusetts Turnpike) Route 8, Newfield Road, Waterbury Turnpike, Millbrook Road, Route 183
Hartford and Tolland Turnpike October 1801 East Hartford - Vernon - Tolland Tolland Turnpike, Route 30, Route 74
Pomfret and Killingly Turnpike May 1802 Pomfret - Putnam - Rhode Island (West Glocester Turnpike) U.S. Route 44, Mantup Road, Hurry Hill Road, Chase Road (portions across the Quinebaug River and east of Putnam Heights no longer exist)
Hebron and Middle Haddam Turnpike May 1802 Hebron - Marlborough - East Hampton - Middle Haddam Route 66
Middlesex Turnpike May 1802 Rocky Hill - Cromwell - Middletown - Higganum - Haddam - Deep River - Old Saybrook Route 99, Route 9, Route 154
New Preston Turnpike May 1802 New Preston - South Kent - New York New Preston Hill Road, Cherniske Road, Barker Road, Meetinghouse Road, Camp Flats Road, Bulls Bridge Road
New Haven and Milford Turnpike May 1802 New Haven - Milford U.S. Route 1
Rimmon Falls Turnpike May 1803 Seymour - New Haven Route 313, Route 243
Goshen and Sharon Turnpike May 1803 Torrington - Goshen - West Cornwall - Sharon - New York (Dutchess Turnpike) Route 4, Route 128, Cornwall Road, Fairchild Road, Route 343
Stafford Pool Turnpike
(Stafford Mineral Spring Turnpike after 1814)
October 1803 Tolland - Stafford Springs - Staffordville - Massachusetts (Worcester and Stafford Turnpike) Old Stafford Road, Route 190, Stafford Street, New City Road Operated part of the Windham and Mansfield Turnpike after 1813
Washington Turnpike October 1803 Woodbury - Washington - New Preston Route 47, Baldwin Hill Road
Thompson Turnpike October 1803 Rhode Island (West Glocester Turnpike) - Thompson - Quinebaug - Massachusetts Elmwood Hill Road, Quaddick Road, Route 200, Buckley Hill Road, Route 131
Middle Road Turnpike October 1803 Farmington - Bristol - Terryville - Plymouth - Thomaston - Watertown - Woodbury - Southbury - Newtown - Danbury U.S. Route 6, Hamilton Avenue, Middle Road Turnpike, U.S. Route 6, Main Street South, Riverside Road, Church Hill Road, U.S. Route 6, Old Bethel Road, Walnut Hill Road, Shelter Rock Road Split into the East Middle Turnpike and West Middle Turnpike at Woodbury in 1823
Colchester and Norwich Turnpike October 1805 Colchester - Gilman - Yantic Route 2
Cornwall and Washington Turnpike October 1805 Lower City - Cornwall - Romford - Woodbury Route 43, Great Hollow Road (partly abandoned in Cornwall and partly covered by the Upper Shepaug Reservoir and Shepaug Reservoir), Valley Road, Romford Road, Nettleton Hollow Road
Connecticut Turnpike May 1806 Fairfield - Southport - Westport - Norwalk - Darien - Stamford - Greenwich - New York (Westchester Turnpike) U.S. Route 1 Included the Greenwich Road (1792)
Connecticut and Rhode Island Turnpike May 1806 Rhode Island (Rhode Island and Connecticut Turnpike) - Killingly - Abington - Ashford Route 101
Hartland Turnpike May 1806 Norfolk - Hartland - North Granby - Suffield Route 182, Old North Road, Deer Hill Road, Robertsville Road, Route 20, Walnut Hill Road (cut by the Barkhamsted Reservoir), Mountain Road, East Street, Quarry Road, Phelps Road, Route 168, Bridge Street
Warren Turnpike May 1806 Falls Village - West Cornwall - Cornwall Bridge - Warren - New Preston[citation needed] Warren Turnpike, Lime Rock Station Road, Lower River Road, abandoned road on the east side of the Housatonic River, U.S. Route 7, Route 45
New London and Lyme Turnpike May 1807 New London - Waterford - East Lyme - Old Lyme U.S. Route 1
Woodstock and Thompson Turnpike May 1808 Woodstock - Thompson Child Hill Road, Bull Hill Road, (abandoned portion), Blain Road, Route 200
Middletown and Berlin Turnpike May 1808 Middletown - Berlin - Kensington - Plainville Route 3, Route 372
Woodstock and Somers Turnpike October 1808 Woodstock - North Ashford - Orcutts - Somers Pulpit Rock Road, Route 171, Lyon Road, Reich Road, abandoned portion, Hillside Road, Route 190, Collette Road, Route 319, Route 190
Colchester and Chatham Turnpike October 1808 Colchester - Cobalt - Portland Route 16, Route 66
Columbia Turnpike October 1808 Willimantic - Columbia - Hebron Pleasant Street, Old Willimantic Road, Route 66
Tolland County Turnpike May 1809 Ellington - Tolland - Willington - West Ashford Snipsic Lake Road, Hurlbut Road, Doyle Road, Route 74
Sharon and Cornwall Turnpike May 1809 Calhoun Corners - Sharon Swifts Bridge Road, Guinea Road, Route 4, Mitcheltown Road, Route 41
Chatham and Marlborough Turnpike October 1809 Marlborough - Portland Portland Road, Old Marlborough Turnpike, Route 17A
Middletown and Meriden Turnpike October 1809 Middletown - Meriden Route 66
East Haddam and Colchester Turnpike October 1809 Colchester - East Haddam Taintor Hill Road, School Road, Clark Road, East Haddam Colchester Turnpike, Orchard Road, Route 149
Durham and East Guilford Turnpike May 1811 Durham - Madison Pisgah Road, Crooked Hill Road, Route 79
Southington and Waterbury Turnpike October 1812 Meriden - Milldale - Waterbury Main Street, Route 322, Meriden Road
Killingworth and Haddam Turnpike October 1813 Higganum - West Haddam - Killingworth - Clinton; West Haddam - Haddam Route 81; Beaver Meadow Road
Middletown, Durham and New Haven Turnpike October 1813 Middletown - Durham - Northford - New Haven Route 17
Litchfield and Cornwall Turnpike October 1814 Litchfield - Cornwall Milton Road, Seeley Road, College Street
Haddam and Durham Turnpike May 1815 Higganum - Durham Candlewood Hill Road, Higganum Road
Still River Turnpike May 1815 Torrington - Winsted - Colebrook Route 8
Chester and North Killingworth Turnpike May 1816 Chester - Killingworth Route 148
New Milford and Sherman Turnpike May 1818 New Milford - Sherman - New York Housatonic Avenue, Boardman Road, Route 37, Briggs Hill Road
Pettipauge and Guilford Turnpike October 1818 Essex - Killingworth - Guilford Main Street, Route 80, Madison Turnpike, Green Hill Road
Groton and Stonington Turnpike October 1818 Groton - Old Mystic - Rhode Island (Hopkinton and Richmond Turnpike) Route 184
Essex Turnpike May 1822 Essex - Laysville Elys Ferry Road, Town Woods Road
East Middle Turnpike May 1823 See Middle Road Turnpike (1803)
West Middle Turnpike May 1823 See Middle Road Turnpike (1803)
Salem and Hamburg Turnpike May 1824 Salem - Lyme Route 82, Darling Road, Route 156, Cove Road
Pines Bridge Turnpike May 1824 Pines Bridge - Middlebury - Woodbury Route 42, Old Litchfield Turnpike, Chestnut Tree Hill Road, Long Meadow Road, Tranquility Road, Quassapaug Road
Guilford and Durham Turnpike May 1824 Durham - Guilford Route 77
Fairhaven Turnpike May 1824 Killingworth - North Branford - Fair Haven Route 80, Quinnipiac Avenue
Providence Turnpike May 1825 Danielson - Rhode Island (Foster and Scituate Turnpike) U.S. Route 6
Sandy Brook Turnpike May 1825 North Colebrook - Riverton Sandy Brook Road, Riverton Road
Humphreysville and Salem Turnpike May 1825 Naugatuck - Beacon Falls - Seymour Route 8
Center Turnpike May 1826 Massachusetts (Central Turnpike) - Quinebaug - North Woodstock - North Ashford - Westford - Tolland Route 197, Old Turnpike Road, Centre Pike, Boston Hollow Road, Turnpike Road, Interstate 84, North River Road, Route 74
Northfield Turnpike May 1826 Redding - Weston Route 53 (partly under the Saugatuck Reservoir)
Windham and Brooklyn Turnpike May 1826 Danielson - Brooklyn - Windham U.S. Route 6, Windham Road, Brooklyn Turnpike
Monroe and Zoar Bridge Turnpike May 1826 Stevenson - Monroe - Trumbull Route 111
Norwich and Salem Turnpike May 1827 Norwich - Salem Route 82
New Milford and Roxbury Turnpike May 1827 New Milford - Roxbury Route 67, Wellers Bridge Road
Tolland and Mansfield Turnpike May 1828 Massachusetts - North Somers - Tolland - Mansfield Four Corners Route 83, Turnpike Road, Gulf Road, Burbank Road, Route 30, Peter Green Road, Route 195
Huntington Turnpike May 1828 Shelton - Huntington - Bridgeport Route 108, Huntington Turnpike
Weston Turnpike May 1828
Sugar Hollow Turnpike May 1829 Georgetown - Branchville - Danbury - Mill Plain - New York U.S. Route 7 (partly over the Danbury and Ridgefield Turnpike (1801)), Kenosia Avenue, Joes Hill Road[citation needed]
Newtown and Norwalk Turnpike May 1829 Newtown - Redding Ridge - Weston - Norwalk Route 302, Poverty Hollow Road, Hopewell Road, Newtown Turnpike, Huckleberry Road (partly blocked by the Saugatuck Reservoir), Route 53, Newtown Turnpike
Shetucket Turnpike May 1829 Norwich - Preston - Voluntown - Rhode Island (unbuilt Providence and Norwich City Turnpike) Route 165, Shetucket Turnpike
Wells Hollow Turnpike May 1830 Shelton - Nichols Bridgeport Avenue, Shelton Turnpike
Branch Turnpike May 1831 Westport - Aspetuck - Easton - Upper Stepney - Bennetts Bridge Route 136, Route 59, Pepper Street, Garder Road, High Rock Road, Grays Plain Road, Bennetts Bridge Road, road flooded by the Stevenson Dam
Black Rock and Weston Turnpike May 1832 Black Rock - Easton Black Rock Turnpike, Route 58
Simpaug Turnpike May 1832 Topstone - West Redding[citation needed] Simpaug Turnpike
Monroe and Newtown Turnpike May 1833 Upper Stepney - Dodgingtown Hattertown Road
Fairfield County Turnpike May 1834 Easton - Dodgingtown - Brookfield Valley Road, Poverty Hollow Road, Flat Swamp Road, Shelly Road, Old Hawleyville Road, Stony Hill Road
Hadlyme Turnpike May 1834 Hadlyme - Salem Route 148, Route 82
Chester and North Killingworth Second Turnpike May 1834 Approach to the Hadlyme Ferry in Chester Route 148
Sherman and Redding Turnpike May 1834 Redding - Bethel - Sherman Sherman Turnpike, Route 107, Lonetown Road, Chestnut Ridge Road, Maple Avenue, Shelter Rock Road, Old Sherman Turnpike, abandoned portion, Old Turnpike Road, Candlewood Lake Road, large section under Lake Candlewood, Sawmill Road[citation needed]
River Turnpike May 1834 See Ousatonic Turnpike (1798)
Madison and North Killingworth Turnpike May 1835 Killingworth - North Madison Route 148, Abner Lane, abandoned portion
Hop River Turnpike May 1835 Bolton Notch - Andover - Willimantic U.S. Route 6, Route 66
Waterbury and Cheshire Plank Road 1852 Waterbury - Cheshire Plank Road
Saugatuck Turnpike October 1797 Unbuilt
Stratfield and Weston Turnpike October 1797 Bridgeport (Stratfield) - Easton
Greenwich and Ridgefield Turnpike May 1802 Unbuilt
Farmington and Harwinton Turnpike October 1812 Unbuilt
Dragon Turnpike October 1817 Unbuilt
Granby and Barkhamsted Turnpike May 1818 Unbuilt
Wolcott and Hampden Turnpike May 1818 Unbuilt
Pleasant Valley Turnpike May 1820 Unbuilt
New Milford and Woodbury Turnpike May 1823 Unbuilt
Woodbridge and Waterbury Turnpike May 1823 Unbuilt
Wolcottsville Turnpike May 1826 Unbuilt
Zoar Bridge Turnpike May 1826 Unbuilt
Moosup Turnpike May 1830 Unbuilt
Kent and Warren Turnpike May 1834 Unbuilt
Litchfield and Plymouth Turnpike May 1836 Unbuilt
Millington Turnpike May 1839 Unbuilt
Danbury, Redding, Weston and Westport Plank Road 1851 Unbuilt
Stamford, New Canaan and Ridgefield Plank Road 1851 Unbuilt
New Haven and Seymour Plank Road 1852 Unbuilt
Woodbury and Seymour Plank Road 1852 Unbuilt
Wallingford, North Haven and New Haven Plank Road 1853 Unbuilt
Salisbury Plank Road 1853 Unbuilt

Map[edit]

Map of 19th century toll roads in Connecticut

References[edit]

  1. ^ Note: Turnpikes of New England says that the Oxford Turnpike went via Beacon Falls. However, the 1813 map shows it running to Seymour, and an 1852 map of New Haven County by R. Whiteford places a tollgate south of the turnoff to Beacon Falls in Oxford.
  2. ^ Note: Turnpikes of New England says that the Norwalk and Danbury Turnpike went via Beacon Falls. However, the 1813 map shows it running over Umpawaug Hill, and History of Early Roadways in Georgetown by Brent Colley says that Umpawaug Road was the turnpike.
  3. ^ Daniel Cruson, Turnpikes of Easton and Redding
  4. ^ Connecticut Historical Records Survey, Inventory of the Town and City Archives of Connecticut, 1938, p. 22