List of twin towns and sister cities in France

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Map of metropolitan France

This is a list of places in France having standing links to local communities in other countries. In most cases, the association, especially when formalised by local government, is known as "town twinning" (though other terms, such as "partner towns" or "sister cities" are sometimes used instead), and while most of the places included are towns, the list also comprises villages, cities, districts, counties, etc. with similar links.

Sources:[1]

A[edit]

Argos, Greece
Burgess Hill, England, UK
Wendelsheim, Germany
Neubiberg, Germany
Penkridge, England, UK
Windberg, Germany
Albersweiler, Germany
Wendelsheim, Germany
Großkrotzenburg, Germany
Idar Oberstein-Kirchenbollenbach, Germany
Wachtendonk, Germany
Antequera, Spain
Corpus Christi, Texas, United States
Dinslaken, Germany
Llanelli, Wales, UK
Toledo, Spain
Tuapse, Russia
Gundremmingen, Germany
Aigle, Switzerland
Wilburgstetten, Germany
Fahrenkrug, Germany
Villeneuve, Italy
Allstedt, Germany
Schwörstadt, Germany
Kriftel, Germany
Castro-Urdiales, Spain
Menden-Lendringsen, Germany
Neresheim, Germany
Görisried, Germany
La Maddalena, Italy
Schonungen, Germany
Ceneselli, Italy
Girona, Spain
Palo Alto, California, United States

Maui, Hawaii, United States

Ringsheim, Germany
Krostitz, Germany
Białobrzegi, Poland
Menaggio, Italy
Delmenhorst, Germany
Schwerte-Ergste, Germany
Ürzig, Germany
San Daniele del Friuli, Italy
Johannesberg, Germany
Kelheim, Germany
Eckental, Germany
Mering, Germany
Faimes, Belgium
Kinheim, Germany
Kirchgellersen, Germany
Nordwalde, Germany
Worms-Heppenheim, Germany
Herrenburg-Gültstein, Germany
Bad Brückenau, Germany
Schwarme, Germany
Forbach-Bermersbach, Germany
Sexau, Germany
Weißenberg, Germany
Weinheim-Hohen, Germany
Walheim, Germany
Ansbach, Germany
Panticosa, Spain
Bobingen, Germany
Gaggenau, Germany
Schöneck, Germany
Flossburg, Germany
Boussu, Belgium
Freudenburg, Germany
Hausach, Germany
Panciu, Romania
Samone, Italy
Kecskemét, Hungary
Gomaringen, Germany
Arconciel, Switzerland
Osterwieck, Germany
Menden-Halingen, Germany
Hürth, Germany
Hettstadt, Germany
Bad König, Germany
Babenhausen, Germany
Ahaus, Germany
Oberelsbach, Germany
Wörrstadt, Germany
Miltenberg, Germany
Freising, Germany
Wadgassen, Germany
Höchenschwand, Germany
Dongo, Italy
Bromskirchen, Germany
Freihalden, Germany
Völklingen-Ludweiler, Germany
Roccastrada, Italy
Bogen, Germany
Schwarzach, Germany
Hainsfarth, Germany
Hattenheim, Germany
Bollendorf, Germany
Harsefeld, Germany
Cutigliano, Italy
Bad Waldsee, Germany
Spandau, Germany
Assweiler, Germany
Schöppenstedt, Germany
Einhausen, Germany
Hohenstein Strinz-Margaretha, Germany
Wadhurst, England, UK
Sarstedt, Germany
Sperlonga, Italy
Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne, Switzerland
Schwanfeld, Germany
Assen, Netherlands
Fossalta di Portogruaro, Italy
Memmingen, Germany
Iserlohn-Letmathe, Germany
Dison, Belgium
Gualdo Tadino, Italy
Bleckede, Germany
Taben-Rodt, Germany
Quedlinburg, Germany
Beverungen-Dalhausen, Germany
Utting, Germany
Bocholt, Germany
Hermannsburg, Germany
North Baddesley, England, UK
Schnürpflingen, Germany
Aywaille, Belgium
Hatten, Germany
Zundert, Netherlands
Heidesheim am Rhein, Germany
Roßtal, Germany
Johannesberg, Germany
Sulzfeld, Germany
Heemsen, Germany
Brugelette, Belgium
Aindling, Germany
Hohentengen, Germany
Mihai Bravu, Romania
Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Gars am Inn, Germany
Middleham, England, UK

B[edit]

Izegem, Belgium
Ribe, Denmark
Onex, Switzerland
Settle, England, UK
East Bergholt, England, UK
Tambov, Russia
Saillon, Switzerland
Chardonne, Switzerland
Les Planchettes, Switzerland
Petersfield, England, UK
Chittlehampton, England, UK
Bayonne, New Jersey, United States
Kutaisi, Georgia
Bardney, England, UK
Martfeld, Lower Saxony, Germany
Tempe, Arizona, United States
Vétroz, Switzerland
Burgh le Marsh, England, UK
Chamblon, Switzerland
Haslemere, England, UK
Tournai, Belgium
Burley, England, UK
Szekszárd, Hungary
Trzebinia, Poland
Thuin, Belgium
Lazzate, Italy
Colney Heath, England, UK
Horncastle, England, UK
Thy-le-Château, Belgium
Hobro, Denmark
Saxon, Switzerland
Rheinbrohl, Germany
Sulejówek, Poland
Boussens, Switzerland
Haderslev, Denmark
Braine-le-Comte, Belgium
Virton, Belgium
Sway, England, UK
Ammanford, Wales, UK
Rosenheim, Germany
Jemappes, Belgium
New Alresford, England, UK
Lindos, Greece
Cumbernauld, Scotland, UK
Jugow Dolno, Poland
Reigate and Banstead, England, UK
Sawbridgeworth, England, UK
Mszczonow, Poland
Oron-la-Ville, Switzerland

C[edit]

Nikos Kazantzakis, Greece
Flobecq, Belgium
Riga in Latvia.
St Buryan, England, UK
Jaworzno, Poland
Northiam, England, UK
St Ives, England, UK
Vori, Greece
Algolsheim, France
Olne, Belgium
Le Grand-Saconnex, Switzerland
Selby, England, UK
Carrickmacross, Ireland
Staden, Belgium
Vevey, Switzerland
Eersel, Netherlands
Carrouge, Switzerland
Italy Carvico, Italy
Kłodzko, Poland
Argyroupoli, Greece
Episkopi, Greece
Wielsbeke, Belgium
New Port Richey, Florida, United States
Amstetten, Germany
Columbia, Maryland, United States
West Lancashire, England, UK
Chapel St Leonards, England, UK
Ferrières, Belgium
Letchworth, England, UK
Dniprovskyi, Ukraine
Saronno, Italy
Turin, Italy
Fislisbach, Switzerland
Boussu, Belgium
Gozée, Belgium
Welwyn, England, UK
Dukinfield, England, UK
Warmond, Netherlands
Jalapa, Nicaragua
Torviscosa, Italy
Epsom and Ewell, England, UK
Ingleton, England, UK
Branston, England, UK
Calne, England, UK
Chichester, England, UK
Cuzco, Peru
Mozhaysk, Russia
Perroy, Switzerland
Ashton-under-Lyne, England, UK
Heppenheim, Germany
Lyndhurst, England, UK
Poole, England, UK
Uffington, England, UK
Aywaille, Belgium
Dong Da, Vietnam
Downham Market, England, UK
Scunthorpe, England, UK
Ashburton, England, UK
Étalle, Belgium
Sudbury, England, UK
Ferrières, Belgium
Southwark, England, UK
Beaverton, Oregon, United States
Cheonan, South Korea
Trossingen, Germany
Vouvry, Switzerland
Assens, Switzerland
Cottens, Switzerland
Comines-Warneton, Belgium
Rhodes, Greece
Trysull & Seisdon, England, UK
Quaregnon, Belgium
Ross-on-Wye, England, UK
Chimay, Belgium
Alford, England, UK
New Milton & District, England, UK
Llandrindod Wells, Wales, UK
Estaimpuis, Belgium
Ware, England, UK
Harpenden, England, UK
Framlingham, England, UK
Fleurus, Belgium
Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, United States
Jodoigne, Belgium
Leighton-Linslade, England, UK
Port Laoise, Ireland
Enfield, England, UK
Radymno Podkarpackie, Poland
Meinhard Frieda, Germany
Pampilhosa da Serra, Portugal
Barlinek, Poland
Winslow, England, UK
Alveston, England, UK
Landelies, Belgium
Ilkley, England, UK
Pallini, Greece
Falkirk, Scotland, UK
Belœil, Belgium
Braishfield, England, UK
Saga, Japan
Anthisnes, Belgium

D[edit]

Ligny, Belgium
Chorleywood, England, UK
Lexington, Kentucky, United States
Llanidloes, Wales, UK
Nieder-Eschbach, Germany
Wirksworth, England, UK
Klichkovtsy, Ukraine
Dinant, Belgium
Boghis, Ukraine
Shepshed, England, UK
Mielec, Poland
Bourne, England, UK
Bad Wiessee, Germany, 1963
Troungoumbé, Mali, 1988
Lac-Megantic, Quebec, Canada, 1989
Great Dunmow, United Kingdom, 1991
Hove, England, UK
Bautzen, Germany
Tokarnia, Poland
Vucherens, Switzerland
Sint-Truiden, Belgium
Untereisesheim, Germany

E[edit]

Matlock, England, UK
Enghien, Belgium
Saranac Lake, New York, United States
Zonnebeke, Belgium
Peacehaven, England, UK
Welkenraedt, Belgium
Bude, England, UK
Ligerz, Switzerland
Oupeye, Belgium
Folkestone, England, UK.[11]
Vonitsa, Greece
Trim, Ireland
Hertford, England, UK
Bexley, England, UK
Bassenge, Belgium

F[edit]

Horn, Switzerland
Cressier, Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Louth, England, UK
Ludlow, England, UK
Barton-upon-Humber, England, UK
Wem, England, UK
Tongrinne, Belgium
Brenna, Poland
Ripon, England, UK
Naurod, Germany
Borehamwood, England, UK
Wiesloch, Germany
Brovary, Ukraine
Guastalla, Italy
Belém, Brazil
Serres, Greece
Potters Bar, England, UK
Fredericksburg, Virginia, United States
Bassum, Germany
Spilsby, England, UK
Acquaviva, San Marino
Corminboeuf, Switzerland

G[edit]

Spa, Belgium
Kalyvia, Greece
Castle Donington, England, UK
Hondo, Texas, United States
Wincanton, England, UK
Le Locle, Switzerland
Broughton Astley, England, UK
Baschurch, England, UK
Anderlues, Belgium
Gimel, Switzerland
Novopolotsk, Belarus
Hayling Island, England, UK
Rush, Ireland
Dorking, England, UK
Limbourg, Belgium
Cherry Willingham, England, UK
Hornsea, England, UK
Suwałki, Poland
Sivry-Rance, Belgium
Feock, England, UK
Elk Warmimalopolskiensko, Poland
Pangbourne, England, UK
Goldap Warminsko, Poland

I[edit]

Niederwerrn, Germany
Köln-Lövenich, Germany
Gemünden, Germany
Ingersheim, Germany
Gochsheim, Germany
Weilerbach, Germany
Gunzenhausen, Germany
Pazzallo, Switzerland
Uelzen, Germany
Neumarkt, Germany
Radolfzell, Germany
Newick, England, UK
Laudenbach, Germany

J[edit]

Dalkeith, Scotland, UK
Eddelak, Germany
Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Buckingham, England, UK
Bothwell, Scotland, UK
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Tsagkarada, Greece
Tetford, England, UK
East Hoathly with Halland, England, UK

K[edit]

Cill Na Martra, Ireland
Hirschau, Germany
Bosselshausen Kirrweiler, Germany
Nohra, Germany
Kapsweyer, Germany

L[edit]

Kedichem, Netherlands
Linden Beers, Netherlands
Écaussinnes, Belgium
Southborough, England, UK
Oreye, Belgium
The Lizard, England, UK
Bideford, England, UK
Manage, Belgium
Great Cornard, England, UK
Viveiro, Spain
Alnwick, England, UK
Fiki, Greece
Beaconsfield, England, UK
Wadebridge, England, UK
Winchester, England, UK
Boston, England, UK
Rumia, Poland
Quiberon, France
Estaimpuis, Belgium
Węgorzewo, Poland
Kahamba, DR Congo
As Pontes de García Rodríguez, Spain
Chastre, Belgium
Lefkada, Greece
La Brévine, Switzerland
Lopik, Netherlands
Jarocin, Poland
Wendover, England, UK
Hungerford, England, UK
Sonning, England, UK
Fontaine-l'Évêque, Belgium
Taunton, England, UK
South Molton, England, UK
Haringey, England, UK
Burwell, England, UK
Iria, Greece
Vedrin, Belgium
Büdingen, Germany
Leuze-en-Hainaut, Belgium
Royston, England, UK
Radlet, England, UK
Villeret, Switzerland
Mildenhall, England, UK
Genazzano, Italy
Mex, Switzerland
Mtskheta, Georgia
Lefkara, Cyprus
Lincent, Belgium
Wallingford, England, UK
Buntingford, England, UK

M[edit]

Wantage, England, UK
Shifnal, England, UK
Keelby, England, UK
Corsico, Italy
Sandy, England, UK
Saint Neot, England, UK
Hillingdon, England, UK
Barrow upon Soar, England, UK
Freinsheim, Germany
Errol, Scotland, UK
Caraquet, New Brunswick, Canada
Hatfield, England, UK
Kington, England, UK
Olecko, Poland
Nafplion, Greece
Hythe and Dibden, England, UK
Devizes, England, UK
Moudon, Switzerland
Reading, England, UK
Lieshout, Netherlands
Faringdon, England, UK
Spelthorne, England, UK
Genappe, Belgium
Redruth, England, UK
Tarnowskie Góry, Poland
Llanwrtyd Wells, Wales, UK
Matosinhos, Portugal
Bexhill, England, UK
Hankensbüttel, Germany
Ciney, Belgium
Swineshead, England, UK
Forest Row, England, UK
Villanova del Battista, Italy
Tubize, Belgium
Bovey Tracey, England, UK
Welton, England, UK
Simpelveld, Netherlands
Crowborough, England, UK
Racine, Wisconsin, United States
Ayer, Switzerland
Harrison, New York, United States
Ruda Śląska, Poland
Denton, England, UK
Coevorden, Netherlands
Sprimont, Belgium
Hassocks, England, UK
Beaufort, North Carolina, United States
Cottbus, Germany
Grosseto, Italy
Slough, England, UK
Arendonk, Belgium
Baulmes, Switzerland
Momignies, Belgium
Wortegem-Petegem, Belgium
Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Rhosyr and Aberffraw, Wales, UK
Verviers, Belgium
Halle, Belgium
Willingham By Stow, England, UK
Norton, Suffolk, England, UK
Nettleham, England, UK

N[edit]

Newcastle, United Kingdom, since 1954[14]
Liège, Belgium, since 1954
Karlsruhe, Germany, since 1955[15]
Padua, Italy, since 1964
Kanazawa, Japan, since 1973
Qiryat Shemona, Israel, since 1984
Lublin, Poland, since 1988[16]
Cincinnati, United States, since 1991
La Crosse, United States
Isleham, England, UK
Whitchurch, England, UK
Montgomery, Ohio, United States
Whitchurch, England, UK
Preston, England, UK
Będzin, Poland
Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland
Crestview, Florida, United States
Maryland (state), United States
Haughley and Wetherden, England, UK
Łomianki, Poland
Szczecinek, Poland
Hexham, England, UK
Broughton, England, UK
Nyon, Switzerland

O[edit]

Pully, Switzerland
Thurmaston, England, UK
Mutterstadt, Germany
Tutbury, England, UK
Llangedwyn, Wales, UK
Kelso, Scotland, UK
Northallerton, England, UK
Washingborough, England, UK
Klin, Russia
Campi Bisenzio, Italy
Turnu Severin, Romania
Charmey, Switzerland
Târgovişte, Romania
Nürtingen, Germany
Great Ayton, England, UK

P[edit]

Steinsel, Luxembourg
Scandicci, Italy
Payerne, Switzerland
Crowland, England, UK
  • Paris (Paris has only one sister city, Rome.)
Les Bayards, Switzerland
Tarnobrzeg, Poland
Bastogne, Belgium
Boécourt, Switzerland
Quintin, France
Teignmouth, England, UK
Burgos, Spain
Galați, Romania
Beccles, England, UK
Louveigné, Belgium
Market Drayton, England, UK
Bonfol, Switzerland
Bugny, Switzerland
Lowestoft, England, UK
Bembridge, England, UK
Woking, England, UK
Launceston, England, UK
Crosshaven, Ireland
Lostwithiel, England, UK
Stithians, England, UK
Saltash, England, UK
St Germans, England, UK
Millbrook, England, UK
St Erth, England, UK
Ramilles, Belgium
Hartland, England, UK
Redruth, England, UK
Pirmasens, Germany
Keighley, England, UK
Schopfheim, Germany
Stavelot, Belgium
Veghel, Netherlands
Ringwood, England, UK
Martigny-Combe, Switzerland
Constantine, England, UK
Kalaroa, Bangladesh
Harlaxton, England, UK
Muinebeag, Ireland
Haverhill, Suffolk, England, UK
Auvelais, Belgium
Cawsand, England, UK
Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland
Eye, England, UK
Hayle, England, UK
Wewelsburg, Germany
Préverenges, Switzerland
Tilburg, Netherlands
Tonbridge, England, UK

Q[edit]

Doische, Belgium
Morlanwelz, Belgium
Limerick, Ireland
Boncourt, Switzerland

R[edit]

Barnet, England, UK
Ramillies, Belgium
Cerfontaine, Belgium
Andover, England, UK
Bodmin, England, UK
Gruyères, Switzerland
Aspen, Colorado, United States
Engis, Belgium
Rietberg, Germany
Natitingou, Benin
Elland, England, UK
Shoreham-by-Sea, UK
Woodhall Spa, England, UK
Uman, Ukraine
Todmorden, England, UK
La Sagne, Switzerland
Wincanton, England, UK
Kirkop, Malta
Truskavets, Ukraine
Michelmersh and Timsbury, England, UK

S[edit]

Sliema, Malta
Bückeburg, Germany
Winterton, England, UK
Carnforth, England, UK
Mex, Switzerland
Villiers, Switzerland
Wieliczka, Poland
Emsworth, England, UK
Pijnacker, Netherlands
Fayetteville, North Carolina, United States
Cookham, England, UK
Bishop's Waltham, England, UK
Ayent, Switzerland
Aberystwyth, Wales, UK
Agia Paraskevi, Greece
Koltsovo, Russia
Tadcaster, England, UK
Rotherfield, England, UK
Stilton, England, UK
Hermance, Switzerland
Meisterschwanden, Switzerland
Morphou, Cyprus
Kievski, Russia
Krnov, Czech Republic
ArbreProfondeville, Belgium
Nova Kakhovka, Ukraine
Echichens, Switzerland
Klein Rönnau, Germany
Bransgore, England, UK
Little Aston, England, UK
Stanford in the Vale, England, UK
Winchester, Massachusetts USA
Temara,Morocco
Ayr Scotland, UK
Aschaffenburg, Germany
Konstancin, Poland
Zierikzee, Netherlands
Botley, England, UK
Val-d'Illiez, Switzerland
Nivelles, Belgium
Sembrancher, Switzerland
Manage, Belgium
Waltham Forest, England, UK
Bishop's Castle, England, UK
Cheyres, Switzerland
Hurstpierpoint, England, UK
Philippburg, Germany
La Louvière, Belgium
Merzig, Germany
Žamberk, Czech Republic
Sunderland, England, UK
Saint-Oyens, Switzerland
Steisslingen, Germany
Nandrin, Belgium
Clavier, Belgium
Cieszyn, Poland
Hebden Bridge, England, UK
Rotherham, England, UK
Kalives, Greece
Ahrensbök, Germany
Saint-Séverin-en-Condroz, Belgium
Calstock, England, UK
Inverness, Scotland, UK
Colden Common, England, UK
Camborne, England, UK
Lichfield, England, UK
Bellport, New York, United States
Sainte-Ode, Belgium
Sturminster Marshall, England, UK
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, United States
Harrold and Carlton, England, UK
Grosseto, Italy
Antikyra, Greece
Brunehaut, Belgium
Huntingdon, England, UK
Crisnée, Belgium
Netanya, Israel
Holton-le-Clay, England, UK
Kallithea, Greece
Modave, Belgium
Bosau, Germany
Philippeville, Belgium
Broughton, England, UK
Paliseul, Belgium
La Roche-en-Ardenne, Belgium
Caistor, England, UK
Crickhowell, Wales, UK
Leamington Spa, England, UK
Scopwick and Kirkby Green, England, UK
Zabrze, Poland
Sevastopol, Ukraine
Bertogne, Belgium
Orlando, Florida, United States
Grenchen, Switzerland
Sion, Switzerland
Ciney, Belgium
Marchin, Belgium
Chester, England, UK
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cetara, Italy
El Jadida, Morocco
Hartlepool, United Kingdom
Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Beauraing, Belgium
Wolfenbuttel, Germany
Berdiansk, Ukraine
Somerton, England, UK
Bad Berka, Germany
Stavelot, Belgium
Kandern, Germany
Odiham, England, UK
Metzerlen-Mariastein, Switzerland
Saint-Hubert, Belgium
Cricklade, England, UK
Surrey Heath, England, UK
Wipperfürth, Germany

T[edit]

Stockbridge, United Kingdom
Trikala, Greece
Porrentruy, Switzerland
Bussy-Chardonney, Switzerland
Theux, Belgium
Bodegraven, Netherlands
Binghamton, New York, United States
Long Wittenham, England, UK
Bridgnorth, England, UK
Mons, Belgium
Eberbach, Germany
Port-Gentil, Gabon
Seaton, England, UK
Sandown, England, UK
Portaria, Greece
Dunston, England, UK
Mondoñedo, Spain
Perbais, Belgium
Silly, Belgium
Barnstaple, England, UK
Allington and Sedgebrook, England, UK
Bastogne, Belgium

U[edit]

none

V[edit]

Ouffet, Belgium
Montesegale, Italy
Morcote, Switzerland
Martigny, Switzerland
Lierneux, Belgium
Clanfield, England, UK
Novocherkassk, Russia
Hamois, Belgium
Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary
Wimborne Minster, England, UK
Makrinitsa, Greece
Comberton, England, UK
Court-Saint-Étienne, Belgium
Orsha, Belarus
Herceg Novi, Montenegro
Angles, Spain
Stamford, England, UK
Jodino, Belarus
La Vergne, Tennessee, United States
Great Shelford, England, UK
Stowmarket, England, UK
Yarm, England, UK
Palézieux, Switzerland
Fontanetto Po, Italy
Morges, Switzerland
Berloz, Belgium
Avry, Switzerland
Worcester, England, UK
Veyras, Switzerland
Mikołajki, Poland
Stapleford, England, UK
Dunaújváros, Hungary
Droylsden, England, UK
Gytheio, Greece
Eastleigh, England, UK
Bishop's Stortford, England, UK
Chanxhe, Belgium
Burnley, England, UK
Hamois, Belgium
Braives, Belgium
Kirriemuir, Scotland, UK
Ludford, England, UK
Boudry, Switzerland

W[edit]

Sulecin Lubuskie, Poland
Beyne-Heusay, Belgium
Siemianowice, Poland
Tarnowskie Góry, Poland
De Pinte, Belgium
Möhnesee, Germany
Ahnatal, Germany
Tangermünde, Germany
Heidenrod, Germany
Burstadt, Germany
Ensdorf, Germany
Landscheid-Niederkail, Germany
Beverungen-Wehrden, Germany
Illingen, Germany
Grävenwiesbach, Germany

X[edit]

Lauf, Germany

Y[edit]

Mendig, Germany
Fassberg, Germany
Wackersberg, Germany
Ebersberg, Germany
Ivenack, Germany

Z[edit]

none

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "France Magazine – Twin Towns". www.francemag.com. Retrieved 6 November 2009. 
  2. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Jumelages et Relations Internationales - Avignon". Avignon.fr (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Atlas français de la coopération décentralisée et des autres actions extérieures". Ministère des affaires étrangères (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-13. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ "Opole Official Website – Twin Towns". Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Poland.svg (in English and Polish) 2007–2009 Urząd Miasta Opola. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  8. ^ "Official portal of City of Skopje – Skopje Sister Cities". City of Skopje. 2006–2009. Retrieved 14 July 2009. 
  9. ^ Friendly relationship at Official website of Volgograd
  10. ^ "Vennskapsbyer". www.visitvolgograd.info. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  11. ^ Folkestone Signs Twinning Charter with Etaples, Folkestone Town Council, retrieved 2012-08-24 
  12. ^ "Douzelage.org: Home". www.douzelage.org. Retrieved 21 October 2009. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Douzelage.org: Member Towns". www.douzelage.org. Retrieved 21 October 2009. 
  14. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 Jul 2013. Retrieved 20 Jul 2013. 
  15. ^ "Städte­partnerschaften" (in German). Stadt Karlsruhe. 16 Dec 2010. Archived from the original on 24 Jul 2010. Retrieved 5 Jan 2011. 
  16. ^ "Miasta Partnerskie Lublina" [Lublin – Partnership Cities]. Urząd Miasta Lublin [City of Lublin] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 16 Jan 2013. Retrieved 7 Aug 2013. 
  17. ^ "Brno – Partnerská města" (in Czech). © 2006–2009 City of Brno. Retrieved 17 July 2009. 
  18. ^ "Poznań official website – Twin Towns". Flag of Poland.svg (in Polish) © 1998–2008 Urząd Miasta Poznania. Retrieved 29 November 2008.