List of sister cities in the Philippines

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These cities in the Philippines have sister city relationships with foreign and local communities.

Provinces[edit]

Cities[edit]

A[edit]

Las Vegas, Nevada, United States United States[8][4]
Cheonan, South Korea South Korea[citation needed]

B[edit]

Andong, South Korea South Korea, since 2008[9]
Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada Canada[citation needed]
Keelung, Taiwan Taiwan[10][11]
Long Beach, California, United States United States[12][4]
Singaraja, IndonesiaIndonesia, since 2008[9]
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 2010[13][6][4]
Bacarra, Ilocos Norte, Philippines Philippines, since 2012[14]
Cusco, Peru Perú[15][16]
Dalaguete, Cebu, Philippines Philippines, since 2012[14]
Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China China[1][15][16]
Hanyū, Saitama, Japan Japan[2]
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1995[17][18][4][15]
Kislovodsk, Stavropol Krai, Russia Russia[16]
Libon, Albay, Philippines Philippines, since 2012[14]
Pudtol, Apayao, Philippines Philippines, since 2012[14]
Taebaek, South Korea South Korea[15][16]
Vallejo, California, United States United States[19][4][15]
Vaughan, Ontario, Canada Canada[15][16]
Wakkanai, Hokkaido, Japan Japan[2][15]
Guadalajara, Mexico Jalisco, Mexico[citation needed]
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil[citation needed]
Calafat, Romania Romania[citation needed]
Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada Canada[citation needed]
Sibiu, Romania Romania[citation needed]

C[edit]

Artemivsk, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine Ukraine
Taipalsaari, Finland Finland
Gwangyang, South Korea South Korea, since October 29, 2012[20][21]
Harbin, Heilongjiang, China China[1]
Norfolk, Virginia, United States United States[22][4][23]
Tainan City, Taiwan Taiwan, since September 9, 2005[24]
Geumcheon-gu, South Korea South Korea
Guri, South Korea South Korea[25]
Litoměřice, Czech Republic Czech Republic[26][27]
Walnut, California, United States United States[28][4]
Wilhelmsfeld, Baden-Württemberg, Germany[29]
San Diego, California, United States United States [4][28][30]
Tainan City, Taiwan Taiwan, since August 16, 1980[24]
Bandung, Indonesia Indonesia
Beersheba, Israel Israel
Chula Vista, California, United States United States[31][28][4]
Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1990[17][4]
Kaohsiung, Taiwan Taiwan
Ljubljana, Slovenia Slovenia
Parramatta City, New South Wales, Australia Australia
Sabrosa, Portugal Portugal[32][note 1]
Salinas, California, United States United States[4]
Seattle, Washington, United States United States[33][4]
Xiamen, China China[1]
Yeosu, South Korea South Korea[34]
Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai, Russia Russia
Vladimir-on-Klyazma, Vladimir Oblast, Russia Russia
Valparaiso, Chile Chile
Guadalajara, Mexico Mexico
Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]

D[edit]

Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan Japan[2]
Milpitas, California, United States United States[36][4]
Tangier, Morocco Morocco
Litoměřice, Czech Republic Czech Republic[26][27]
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China China[1]
Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Tacoma, Washington, United States United States[37][4]
Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai, Russia Russia
Yeongdong County, South Korea South Korea[38]

G[edit]

General Santos City

Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]

I[edit]

Dededo, Guam, United States United States[39]
Qingdao, Shandong, China China, since 2003[40]
Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Stockton, California, United States United States[41][4]
Yulin, Guangxi, China China, since 2011[42]

L[edit]

Carson, California, United States United States[43][28][4]
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1969[17][44][4]
Laibin, China China[1]
Sanya, China China[1]
Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia Russia
Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia Russia
Chōshi, Chiba, Japan Japan[2]
Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States United States[4]
Sterling Heights, Michigan, United States United States[4]
Fremont, California, United States United States[45][4]
Fushun, China China[1]

M[edit]

Balatan, Camarines Sur, Philippines Philippines[46]
Cluj-Napoca, Romania Romania
Famy, Laguna, Philippines Philippines[46]
Infanta, Quezon, Philippines Philippines[46]
Itogon, Benguet, Philippines Philippines[46]
Los Angeles, California, United States United States, since 1992[47][48][28][4]
Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai, Russia Russia
Jung District, Daejeon, South Korea South Korea[49]
Beijing, China China, since 2005[50][1]
Dili, East Timor East Timor[51]
Guangzhou, China China[1]
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1980[17][52][4]
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, as a Friendship city since 1994[53][6][4]
Moscow, Russia Russia
Nantan, Kyoto, Japan Japan[2][54]
Sacramento, California, United States United States[55][4]
San Francisco, California, United States United States[56][4]
Taipei, Taiwan Taiwan[57][58]
Takatsuki, Osaka, Japan Japan[2]
Yokohama, Japan Japan[2][59]
Dubai, United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates[60][note 2]
Bacău, Romania Romania[61]
Longview, Washington, United States United States[4]
Zibo, Shandong, China China[1]
Brampton, Ontario, Canada Canada, as a Friendship city since 2005 [62][63]
Liuzhou, China China[1][64]
Piteşti, Romania Romania[65]
Staffanstorp, Sweden Sweden[64]
Takasaki, Gunma, Japan Japan[2][66][67][64]
Vratsa, Bulgaria Bulgaria

N[edit]

Shishi City, Fujian, China China[1]
Su-ao, Yilan, Taiwan Taiwan[citation needed]

O[edit]

Bremerton, Washington, United States United States[4]
Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States United States[68][note 3]
Jersey City, New Jersey, United States United States[4]

P[edit]

Cooma, New South Wales, Australia Australia[69]
Marugame, Kagawa, Japan Japan[2]
South San Francisco, California, United States United States[4][70]
Jecheon, South Korea South Korea
Tainan City, Taiwan Taiwan, since September 10, 1980[24]
Union City, California, United States United States[71][4]
Beihai, China China[1]
Hsinchu City, Taiwan Taiwan
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1999 as a Friendship City[72][6][4]
Wuxi, China China[1]
Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]

Q[edit]

Alicia, Isabela, Philippines Philippines[35]
Banaybanay, Davao Oriental, Philippines Philippines[35]
Chiba City, Chiba, Japan Japan[2]
Cotabato City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Davao City, Philippines Philippines[35]
General Santos City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Iloilo City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Kenosha, Wisconsin, United States United States[73][4]
La Trinidad, Benguet, Philippines Philippines[35]
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1970[74][6][4]
New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada Canada
Puerto Princesa City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Pura, Tarlac, Philippines Philippines[35]
Sadanga, Mountain Province, Philippines Philippines[35]
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States United States[75][4]
Shenyang, China China[1]
Taipei, Taiwan Taiwan[57][58]
Wao, Lanao del Sur, Philippines Philippines[35]

R[edit]

San Bernardino, California, United States United States[76][28][4]

S[edit]

Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1991 as a Friendship City[77][4]
Santa Barbara, California, United States United States[78][28][4]
San Mateo, California, United States United States[4]
Enköping, Sweden Sweden
Rustavi, Georgia (country) Georgia
Amagi, Kagoshima, Japan Japan[2]
Sterling Heights, Michigan, United States United States[4]
Plovdiv, Bulgaria Bulgaria

T[edit]

Fukuyama, Hiroshima, Japan Japan[2]
City of Manningham, Victoria, Australia Australia
Las Vegas, Nevada, United States United States[4]
Rohnert Park, California, United States United States[79][4]
Tainan City, Taiwan Taiwan, since August 16, 1980[24]
Tainan City, Taiwan Taiwan, since August 16, 1980[24]
San Antonio, Nueva Ecija
Asan, Guam Guam

U[edit]

Kauai County, Hawaii, United States United States[4]
Ordizia, Spain Spain[80]

V[edit]

Bucheon, South Korea South Korea, since June 25, 2008[81]
Agadir, Morocco Morocco
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States United States, since 2003[17][4]
Mar del Plata, Argentina Argentina

Z[edit]

Zaragoza, Spain Spain[82][83]
   [top]

Municipalities[edit]

Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1970[84][6][4]
Makati City, Philippines Philippines[46]
Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Kauai County, Hawaii, United States United States[4]
Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia Australia
Lakewood, Washington, United States United States[85][4]
Union City, California, United States United States[86]
Gonohe, Aomori, Japan Japan[2]
Mobile, Alabama, United States United States[87][4]
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 2005[88][6][4]
Juneau, Alaska, United States United States[89][4]
La Trinidad, Benguet, Philippines Philippines[90]
Makati City, Philippines Philippines[46]
Vidin, Bulgaria Bulgaria[citation needed]
Tozawa, Yamagata, Japan Japan[2]
Makati City, Philippines Philippines[46]
Makati City, Philippines Philippines[46]
Juneau, Alaska, United States United States[91]
Sakegawa, Yamagata, Japan Japan[2]
Danao, Bohol, Philippines Philippines[90]
Hitachiōta, Ibaraki, Japan Japan[2]
Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Miyako, Iwate, Japan Japan[2]
Rawson, Chubut, Argentina Argentina[citation needed]
Coro, Falcón, Venezuela Venezuela[citation needed]
Murcia, Spain Spain[citation needed]
Suisun City, California, United States United States[92][4]
San Luis Obispo, California, United States United States[4]
Palo Alto, California, United States United States[93][4]
Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1991 as a Friendship City[94]
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 2006[95][6][4]
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 1991 as a Friendship City[6][4]
Santa Clarita, California, United States United States[96][28][4]
Maui County, Hawaii, United States United States, since 2006[97][6][4]
Quezon City, Philippines Philippines[35]
   [top]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ But not according Portuguese reference
  2. ^ But not according Dubai City Guide
  3. ^ But not according Asia Matters for America

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Overview of China-Philippines Bilateral Relations: III. Exchanges and Cooperation in the Fields of Culture, Education, Science and the Military, etc.". Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Republic of the Philippines. 5 March 2009. Retrieved 2015-02-04. There are 24 pairs of sister-cities or sister-provinces between China and the Philippines, namely: Hangzhou and Baguio City, Guangzhou and Manila City, Shanghai and Metro Manila, Xiamen and Cebu City, Shenyang and Quezon City, Fushun and Lipa City, Hainan and Cebu Province, Sanya and Lapu-Lapu City, Shishi and Naya City, Shandong and Ilocos Norte Province, Zibo and Manduae City, Anhui and Nueva Ecija Province, Hubei and Leyte Province, Liuzhou and Muntinlupa City, Hezhou and San Fernando City, Haerbin and Cagayan de Oro City, Laibin and Laoag City, Beijing and Manila City, Jiangxi and Bohol Province, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Davao City, Lanzhou and Albay Province, Beihai and Puerto Princessa City, Fujian Province and Laguna Province, Wuxi and Puerto Princessa City. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "List of Sister City Affiliations with Japan (by country): Philippines". Singapore: Japan Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR, Singapore). 29 Feb 2012. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  3. ^ "International Sister Relationship" (official website). Hainan Government. Retrieved 2015-02-05. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk "US-Asia Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, Hawaii: East West Center. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  5. ^ "St. Petersburg to Promote Cebu as Tourism Spot". Cebu, Philippines: Sun.Star Publishing Inc. 23 October 2010. Retrieved 2015-02-04. The move is targeted to strengthen the sisterhood partnership St. Petersburg recently forged with the Province of Cebu last September 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "SISTER CITIES". Maui County Sister Cities Foundation. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  7. ^ "Zambales Province, Philippines & Maui, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  8. ^ "City of Angeles, Philippines & Las Vegas, Nevada". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  9. ^ a b Samillano (BusinessWorld), Chrysee G. (4 October 2008). "Bacolod forges ties with cities in Indonesia and South Korea". GMA News Online. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "Bacolod continues ties with Keelung, Taiwan". The News Today. 22 July 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "Bacolod, Keelung are Sister Cities". Manila Standard. 22 September 1996. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "Interactive City Directory Bacolod, Philippines". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  13. ^ "Badoc, Philippines & Maui, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  14. ^ a b c d Rillorta, Paul (29 June 2012). "Baguio Inks Ties with More Cities, Towns". Sun.Star Baguio. Archived from the original on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2015. Mayor Mauricio Domogan signed four separate resolutions previously introduced by Councilors Betty Lourdes Tabanda and Elmer Datuin, which was unanimously approved by the City Council accepting the towns of Dalaguete, Cebu; Bacarra, Ilocos Norte; Libon, Albay; Pudtol, Apayao as the new sister cities of Baguio. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Cheng, Charles (7 March 2010). "The first salvo of activities for the Year of the Golden Tiger". Baguio Midland Courier. Retrieved 15 February 2015. Aside from Hangzhou the international cities of Baguio include Cusco, Peru; Gongju, South Korea; Nanyu City, Japan; Honolulo, Hawaii; Karuizawa, Japan; Seoul, South Korea; Shepparton, Australia; Taebek City, South Korea; Tamuning Tumon Harmon, Guam; Taxco, Mexico; Vallejo, California; Vaughan, Ontario; and Wakkanai City, Japan. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "Phillipine City Considers MV Sisterhood". Mission Viewjo Dispatch. 22 April 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2015. Baguio, located on the north island of Luzon, has already collected six sister cities: Cusco, Peru; Hangzhou, China; Honolulu, U.S.; Kislovodsk, Russia; Taebek City, South Korea; Vaughan, Ontario, Canada. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "Honolulu Data: Sister Cities" (official webcite). Honolulu: City and County of Honolulu. 2013. Retrieved 2015-01-04. 
  18. ^ "Baguio, Philippines & Honolulu, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  19. ^ "Baguio, Philippines & Vallejo, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  20. ^ "Sister Cities". Gwangyang City (in Korean). Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  21. ^ "Sisterhood Pact: Gwangyang-CdeO Friendship City Agreement". Cagayan de Oro City Information Office. 30 October 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  22. ^ "Cagayan de Oro, Philippines & Norfolk, Virginia". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  23. ^ "Cagayan de Oro, Philippines". Norfolk Sister Cities. The Norfolk Sister City Association. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c d e "Introduction of Tainan’s Sister/Friend Cities". Tainan City Government (in English). 14 August 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  25. ^ "Calamba welcomes delegation from sister city in Korea". PNA and U.S. News Agency / Asian. 25 January 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  26. ^ a b "PHL eyes putting up Rizal Center in Czech Republic". GMA News Online. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2015. Many Filipinos visit Litomerice which has sister city agreements with Calamba and Dapitan in the Philippines, where Rizal used to live. 
  27. ^ a b "Czech ambassador to visit Dumaguete, Dapitan". GMA News Online. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2015. Ludva vigorously promotes cultural and historical activities between the sister cities of Litomerice in the Czech Republic where Blumentritt grew up and where Rizal frequented, and Calamba in Laguna where Rizal was born. Litomerice and Calamba signed a sister city agreement in 1974. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h "Socal Sister Cities Directory". Southern California Sister Cities Directory. SoCal Chapter Inc. Retrieved 2015-02-05. 
  29. ^ "Rizal honored in Calamba-German sister city pact". Philippine Embassy Webmaster. Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany). 15 October 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  30. ^ "Cavite City, Philippines & San Diego, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  31. ^ "Cebu City, Philippines & Chula Vista, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  32. ^ "Cebu, Portugal Municipality Formalize Sister-city Deal". Manila Bulletin (Manila, Philippines). 30 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-05. 
  33. ^ "Cebu City, Philippines & Seattle, Washington". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  34. ^ "Sister Cities Engaging in International Exchange". Yeosu City. Retrieved 2015-02-05. 
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Roxas City: Quezon City's New Sister City". The Local Government of Quezon City. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  36. ^ "Dagupan City, Philippines & City of Milpitas, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  37. ^ "Davao, Philippines & Tacoma, Washington". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  38. ^ Partlow, Judy Flores (26 October 2014). "Sister-cities Dumaguete and Yeongdong-gun of South Korea bolster trade ties". The Philippine Star (The Freeman). Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  39. ^ "10/05/2012: Iloilo Mayors Sign Sister-city Agreements With Guam Villages". Philippine Consulate General in Agana, Guam. 2012. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  40. ^ "Sister Cities". China.org.cn. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  41. ^ "Iloilo, Philippines & Stockton, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  42. ^ Pendon, Lydia C. (26 October 2011). "Iloilo inks sisterhood pact with Yulin, China". Iloilo, Philippines: Sun.Star Publishing Inc. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  43. ^ publisher=Sister Cities International "La Carlota, Philippines & Carson, California". Washington, DC. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  44. ^ "Laoag, Philippines & Honolulu, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  45. ^ "Lipa City, Philippines & Fremont, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h "Makati celebrates 342nd foundation day with sister LGUs". Bayanihan.org (Philippine News Agency (PNA)). 25 May 2012. Retrieved 2015-02-04 – via The Balita Organization. 
  47. ^ "Makati, Philippines & Los Angeles, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  48. ^ "Makati, Philippines". Sister Cities of Los Angeles. City of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2015-02-05. 
  49. ^ "Overseas Sister Cities". Daejeon Jung-gu District. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  50. ^ "Beijing's Sister Cities". eBeijing, the Official Website of the Beijing Government. Bejing International. Retrieved 2015-02-05. 
  51. ^ "Sisterhood Agreement With Democratic Republic Of Timor Leste". City of Manila's official website. 
  52. ^ "Manila, Philippines & Honolulu, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  53. ^ "Manila, Philippines & Maui, Hawaii". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  54. ^ "Sister cities, towns and villages of Kyoto Prefecture". Kyoto Prefecture Website. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  55. ^ "Manila, Philippines & Sacramento, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  56. ^ "Manila, Philippines & San Francisco, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  57. ^ a b "Taipei City Council". International Sister Cities. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  58. ^ a b "City Diplomacy: Taipei's Sister Cities". Secretariat, Taipei City Government. 4 February 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  59. ^ "50th Anniversaries". City of Yokohama. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  60. ^ "About:Mandaluyong City". Araphil Apartments & Tours. Retrieved 5 February 2015. Mandaluyong City has definitely grown to a city of a once quiet municipality of traditional pre war era of houses to a mighty economy of businesses and shopping place. It also became the sister city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. 
  61. ^ Lao, Garry B. (31 January 2009). "Mandaue Forges ties with Romanian City". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  62. ^ "Municipal Cooperation, 1967-present" (PDF). Brampton, Canada: Economic Development Office, Brampton City. April 2014. Retrieved 2015-02-15. 
  63. ^ "City of Brampton Extends Campaign to Support Red Cross Relief Efforts in Philippines". The Asian Connections Newspaper. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2015. The City of Brampton has partnered with the Canadian Red Cross to assist in providing relief and aid to victims of Typhoon Haiyan in response to an outpouring of interest and concern, as well as the relationship with its Sister City, Marikina. 
  64. ^ a b c "Muntinlupa City: History". VisitMyPhilippines. Department of Tourism. Retrieved 5 February 2015. March 1, 1994 During the Bunye Administration, Muntinlupa signed a sisterhood pact with Gunma, Japan. The covenant called the "Muntinlupa-Gunma Sisterhood Pact" that will establish bilateral relations between the two municipalities. October 17, 2000 Another milestone in international relations has been achieved with another sister-city agreement with Staffanstorp, Sweden. September 27, 2004 Liuzhou, the "Dragon City of China", becomes the third sister city of Muntinlupa. 
  65. ^ Villanueva, Rhodina (30 December 2006). "Muntinlupa, Romanian City Forge Anti-drug Ties". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 5 February 2015. The Muntilupa-Pitesti accord is incorporated in their sister-city pact, which entails active partnership in public administration, urban planning, environmental issues and sustainable development. 
  66. ^ "Sister Cities: Takasaki, Japan". Municipality of the City of Pilsen. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  67. ^ "Sister City Relationships". Takasaki International Relations Society. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  68. ^ publisher=Sister Cities International "Olongapo, Philippines & Virginia Beach, Virginia". Washington, DC. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  69. ^ "Geographical Location". City of Pagadian. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  70. ^ "Pasig City, Philippines & South San Francisco, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  71. ^ "Pasay City, Philippines & Union City, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  72. ^ "Puerto Princesa, Philippines & Maui, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  73. ^ "Quezon City, Phillipines & Kenosha, Wisconsin". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  74. ^ "Quezon City, Phillipines & Maui, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  75. ^ "Quezon City, Phillipines & Salt Lake City, Utah". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  76. ^ "Roxas, Philippines & San Bernardino, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  77. ^ "San Juan, Philippines & Maui, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  78. ^ "San Juan, Philippines & Santa Barbara, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  79. ^ "Tagaytay, Philippines & Rohnert Park, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  80. ^ "Urdaneta, Spain’s Ordizia Forge Sisterhood Pact". Sunday Punch (Dagupan City, Philippines). 15 December 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  81. ^ "International & Domestic Exchange: Overseas Sister Cities and Friendship Cities Status". Fantasia Bucheon. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  82. ^ "Zaragoza Internacional: Hermanamientos con Zaragoza" (official website) (in Spanish). Zaragoza, Spain: Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza. Retrieved 2015-01-04. 
  83. ^ Covarrubias, Sheila (2012-11-23). "Celso Cites Benefits of Sisterhood Pact". Daily Zamboanga Times. Retrieved 2015-02-05. 
  84. ^ "Bacarra City, Philippines & Maui, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  85. ^ "Bauang La Union, Phillipines & Lakewood, Washington". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  86. ^ "Baybay, Philippines & Union City, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  87. ^ "Bolinao, Philippines & Mobile, Alabama". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  88. ^ "Cabugao, Philippines & Maui, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  89. ^ "Camiling, Philippines". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  90. ^ a b Catajan, Maria Elena (28 October 2013). "La Trinidad helps sister city Danao, Bohol". Baguio, Philippines: Sun.Star Publishing Inc. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  91. ^ "Kalibo, Aklan, Philippines & Juneau, Alaska". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  92. ^ "Naguilian, Philippines & Suisun City, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  93. ^ "Palo, Philippines & Palo Alto, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  94. ^ "SISTER CITIES". Maui County Sister Cities Foundation. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  95. ^ "San Nicholas, Philippines & Maui, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  96. ^ "Sariaya, Philippines & Santa Clarita, California". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  97. ^ "Sarrat, Philippines & Maui, Hawaii". Washington, DC: Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2015-02-04.