List of universities in Finland
Institutions of higher education are designated universities by Finnish legislation, most importantly, the University Act (Yliopistolaki/Universitetslag, 558/2009). According to the decree on the System of the degrees of higher education (Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem, 464/1998), only these universities have the right to confer the degrees in the categories alempi korkeakoulututkinto/lägre högskoleexamen (Bachelor's degree) and ylempi korkeakoulututkinto/högre högskoleexamen (Master's degree) and doctoral degrees.
In addition to the universities, Finland has another, separate system of tertiary education, the ammattikorkeakoulu/yrkeshögskola, which is variously translated as polytechnic or as a University of Applied Sciences. These institutions are listed in the article List of polytechnics in Finland. The polytechnics have the right to confer degrees in categories ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/yrkeshögskoleexamen and ylempi ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/högre yrkeshögskoleexamen. In international usage, these degrees are classified as Bachelor's and Master's degrees.
The Finnish universities are (sorted by the year of establishment):
- University of Helsinki (1640/1827)
- Åbo Akademi University in Turku (1918)
- University of Turku (1920)
- University of Tampere (1925)
- University of Jyväskylä (1866, promoted to university status in 1934)
- University of Oulu (1958)
- University of Vaasa (1968)
- University of Lapland in Rovaniemi (1979)
- Aalto University (1849/2010)
- University of Eastern Finland in Joensuu and Kuopio (2010)
In Finland, there are also some institutions of higher education that have full university status, but which specialise in certain academic fields:
- University of the Arts Helsinki
- Hanken School of Economics in Helsinki and Vaasa, Swedish-language School of Economics with campuses in Helsinki and Vaasa
- Lappeenranta University of Technology
- Tampere University of Technology
Unlike the other schools in this list, the National Defence University is not considered a university by Finnish law, although it has the authority to award bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees and to pursue free research, and its rector is a member of the Council of Finnish University rectors. The practical effect of this distinction is minor, and most notable in the administrative organisation of the university, which is military instead of civilian.
- University Admissions Finland
- List of polytechnics in Finland
- List of colleges and universities
- List of colleges and universities by country
- Yliopistolaki/Universitetslag (558/2009). 1 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (Finnish) (Swedish)
- http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/alkup/1998/19980464 Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem (464/1998) as changed with decree 426/2005] 1.1 §, section 1 and 8 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (Finnish) (Swedish)
- http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/alkup/1998/19980464 Asetus korkeakoulututkintojen järjestelmästä/Förordning om högskolornas examenssystem (464/1998) as changed with decree 426/2005] 1.1 §, section 3 and 10 §. Retrieved 10-3-2007. (Finnish) (Swedish)
- Finnish Council of University Rectors. Member Universities. Retrieved 10-3-2007.