List of universities in Scotland
The first university in Scotland was St John's College, St Andrews, founded in 1418. St Salvator's College was added to St. Andrews in 1450. The other great bishoprics followed, with the University of Glasgow being founded in 1451 and King's College, Aberdeen in 1495. St Leonard's College was founded in Aberdeen in 1511 and St John's College was re-founded in 1538 as St Mary's College, St Andrews. Public lectures that were established in Edinburgh in the 1540s would eventually become the University of Edinburgh in 1582. In 1641, the two colleges at Aberdeen were united by decree of Charles I (r. 1625-49), to form the "King Charles University of Aberdeen". They were demerged after the Restoration in 1661. In 1747 St Leonard's College in St Andrews was merged into St Salvator's College to form the United College of St Salvator and St Leonard. A new college of St Andrews was opened in Dundee in 1883. The two colleges at Aberdeen were considered too small to be viable and they were restructured as the University of Aberdeen in 1860. Marischal College was rebuilt in the Gothic style from 1900. The University of Edinburgh was taken out of the care of the city and established on a similar basis to the other ancient universities.
After the Robbins Report of 1963 there was a rapid expansion in higher education in Scotland. By the end of the decade the number of Scottish Universities had doubled. New universities included the University of Dundee, Strathclyde, Heriot-Watt, Stirling. From the 1970s the government preferred to expand higher education in the non-university sector and by the late 1980s roughly half of students in higher education were in colleges. In 1992, the distinction between universities and colleges was removed. This created new universities at Abertay, Glasgow Caledonian, Napier, Paisley and Robert Gordon. in 2001 the University of the Highlands and Islands was created by a federation of 13 colleges and research institutions in the Highlands and Islands and gained full university status in 2011.
|University||Image||Location||Year of foundation||Year of royal charter||Motto||Notes|
|University of St Andrews||St Andrews, Fife||1410||1413 ||ΑΙΕΝ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΥΕΙΝ
Ever to be the best
|University status conferred on 28 August 1413 by a papal bull of Pope Benedict XIII |
|University of Glasgow||Glasgow||1451||1451 ||Via, Veritas, Vita
The way, the truth, and the life
|University status conferred on 7 January 1451 by a papal bull of Pope Nicholas V |
|University of Aberdeen||Aberdeen||1495||1860||Initium sapientiae timor domini
The beginning of wisdom is the fear of the Lord
|University of Edinburgh||Edinburgh||1582||1583||Established as the "Tounis College" in 1583, after James VI of Scotland granted the Edinburgh Town Council a royal charter to establish a college on April 14, 1582.|
|University of Strathclyde||Glasgow||1796||1964||The Place of Useful Learning||Granted University Status by Royal Charter in 1964, although the precursor Anderson Institute can be traced back to 1796 and the name Anderson's University was used between 1828 and 1887.|
|Heriot-Watt University||Edinburgh||1821||1966||First established 1821 as the School of Arts of Edinburgh|
|University of Dundee||Dundee||1881||1967||Magnificat Anima Mea Dominum
My soul glorifies the Lord
|First established 1881 as a college of the University of St Andrews, known first as University College, then Queen's College, until establishment as an independent university in 1967|
|University of Stirling||Stirling||1967||1967||Innovation and Excellence||Planned as part of the Robbins Report of 1963, and constructed at a greenfield site on the estate of Airthrey Castle.|
|Edinburgh Napier University||Edinburgh||1964||1992||Nisi Sapientia Frustra
Without knowledge all is in vain
|First established 1964 as Napier Technical College|
|The Robert Gordon University||Aberdeen||1750||1992||Omni Nunc Arte Magistra
Now by all your mastered arts
|First established 1750 as Robert Gordon's Hospital|
|Glasgow Caledonian University||Glasgow||1875||1993||For the Common Weal
For the common good
|The University traces its origin to The Queen's College, Glasgow (founded 1875) and the Glasgow Polytechnic (founded 1971)|
|University of Abertay Dundee||Dundee||1888||1994||First established in 1888 as Dundee College of Technology|
|Queen Margaret University||Musselburgh, East Lothian||1875||2007||First established 1875 as The Edinburgh School of Cookery and Domestic Economy|
|University of the West of Scotland||Paisley, Hamilton, Dumfries and Ayr||1836||2007||Success Takes Know How: Together We've Got It||First established 1836 as a School of Arts, then in 1992 as the University of Paisley, and re-formed in 2007 following a merger with Bell College.|
|University of the Highlands and Islands||Highlands,
and Northern Isles
|2001||2011||A federation of colleges, planned from 1992 onwards and first established in 2001 as the UHI Millennium Institute and awarded full university status in February 2011. The central administration and largest college is in Inverness.|
- Universities Scotland
- Education in Scotland
- Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland
- List of further education colleges in Scotland
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- "The Mediaeval University". University of St Andrews. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
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- O. Checkland and S. G. Checkland, Industry and Ethos: Scotland, 1832–1914 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1989), ISBN 0748601023, pp. 147-50.
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- R. Shaw, "Institutional and curricular structures in the universities of Scotland" in T. G. K. Bryce and W. M. Humes, eds, Scottish Education: Post-Devolution (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2nd edn., 2003), ISBN 0-7486-1625-X, pp. 664-5.
- "History". University of Glasgow. Retrieved 2010-04-29.
- "On This Day: 7th of January". The University of Glasgow Story. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 2010-04-29.
- MacGregor, Geddes (1990). Scotland: An Intimate Portrait. Mariner Books. ISBN 0395562368.
- "History". University of Strathclyde. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "History of UHI". University of the Highlands and Islands. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- "Introducing the University of the Highlands and Islands". University of the Highlands and Islands. Retrieved 2011-01-04.