List of urban agglomerations by population (United Nations)

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For a list of the most populous cities within administrative limits, see List of cities proper by population and World's largest municipalities by population. For a list of urban areas, see List of urban areas by population. See also historical urban community sizes for historical data.

This is a list of the 100 largest urban agglomerations in the world according to the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report (2011 revision).[1] The term “urban agglomeration” refers to the population contained within the contours of a contiguous territory inhabited at urban density levels without regard to administrative boundaries or commuter flows. It usually incorporates the population in a city or town plus that in the suburban areas lying outside of but being adjacent to the city boundaries. Whenever possible, data classified according to the concept of urban agglomeration are used. However, some countries do not produce data according to the concept of urban agglomeration but use instead metropolitan area or city proper. Figures in the tables below are estimates for mid-2010. The basis of the data is not consistent, so the list cannot be relied upon as hard fact. It should be seen as simply one response to the question "what are the world's largest cities?".

100 largest agglomerations in the world[edit]

Rank City Population Country Statistical concept[2] Area (km²)[3] Ref
1 Tokyo 36,933,000  Japan Metropolitan area[4] 13,500
2 Delhi NCR 21,935,000  India Urban agglomeration[5] 3,578
3 Mexico City 20,142,000  Mexico Metropolitan area (zona metropolitana) 7,815
4 New York–Newark 20,104,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 8,683 [7]
5 São Paulo 19,649,000  Brazil Metropolitan area (região metropolitana) 8,050
6 Shanghai 19,554,000  China Urban agglomeration[8] 3,920
7 Mumbai 19,422,000  India Urban agglomeration 1,097 [9]
8 Dhaka 15,391,000  Bangladesh Metropolitan area (megacity) 1,600
9 Beijing 15,000,000  China Urban agglomeration[8][10] 7,860
10 Kolkata 14,283,000  India Urban agglomeration 1,026 [11]
11 Karachi 13,500,000  Pakistan Urban agglomeration 3,530
12 Buenos Aires 13,370,000  Argentina Urban agglomeration[12] 4,758
13 Los Angeles 13,223,000  United States Metropolitan area[6] 4,320 [7]
14 Rio de Janeiro 11,867,000  Brazil Metropolitan area (região metropolitana) 5,000
15 Metro Manila 11,654,000  Philippines Urban agglomeration[13] 640
16 Moscow 11,472,000  Russia City Proper[14] 1,080
17 Osaka–Kobe 11,430,000  Japan Urban agglomeration[15] 1,220
18 Greater Cairo 11,431,000  Egypt Official metropolitan area[16] 6,640
19 Istanbul 10,953,000  Turkey Urban agglomeration[17] 1,830
20 Lagos 10,788,000  Nigeria Urban agglomeration[18] 640
21 Paris 10,516,000  France Urban agglomeration 2,720
22 Guangzhou 10,486,000  China Urban agglomeration[8] 7,260
23 Shenzhen 10,222,000  China Urban agglomeration[8] 1,950
24 Seoul 9,751,000  South Korea City proper (metropolitan city) 610
25 Chongqing 9,732,000  China Urban agglomeration[8][19] 7,490
26 Jakarta 9,630,000  Indonesia City proper[20] 1,360
27 Chicago 9,545,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 5,498 [7]
28 Lima 8,950,000  Peru Metropolitan area[21] 2,810
29 London 8,923,000  United Kingdom Urban agglomeration[22] 1,620
30 Wuhan 8,904,000  China Urban agglomeration[8] 8,490
31 Tianjin 8,535,000  China Urban agglomeration[8][23] 7,130
32 Chennai 8,523,000  India Urban agglomeration 1,180
33 Bogotá 8,502,000  Colombia Urban agglomeration[24] 1,980
34 Kinshasa 8,415,000  Democratic Republic of the Congo City proper 9,960
35 Bengaluru 8,275,000  India Urban agglomeration 1,276
36 Bangkok 8,213,000  Thailand Official metropolitan area 1,570
37 Hyderabad 7,578,000  India Urban agglomeration 1,860
38 Lahore 7,352,000  Pakistan Urban agglomeration 1,770
39 Tehran 7,243,000  Iran City proper 660
40 Dongguan 7,160,000  China City proper[8] 2,460
41 Hong Kong 7,053,000  Hong Kong Urban agglomeration[25] 1,100
42 Madrid 6,405,000  Spain Metropolitan area 1,700
43 Chengdu 6,397,000  China Urban agglomeration[8][26] 2,130
44 Ahmedabad 6,210,000  India Urban agglomeration 1,300
45 Foshan 6,208,000  China Urban agglomeration[8][27]
46 Ho Chi Minh City 6,189,000  Vietnam Urban agglomeration 2,090
47 Miami 5,971,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 2,891 [7]
48 Santiago 5,959,000  Chile Urban agglomeration[28] 2,350
49 Baghdad 5,891,000  Iraq Metropolitan area 730
50 Philadelphia 5,841,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 4,661 [7]
51 Nanjing 5,665,000  China Urban agglomeration[8][29] 6,600
52 Harbin 5,496,000  China Urban agglomeration[8][30] 4,280
53 Barcelona 5,488,000  Spain Metropolitan area 3,240
54 Toronto 5,485,000  Canada Metropolitan area[31] 5,888
55 Shenyang 5,469,000  China Urban agglomeration[8] 3,460
56 Belo Horizonte 5,407,000  Brazil Metropolitan area (região metropolitana) 9,190
57 Riyadh 5,227,000  Saudi Arabia City proper 1,550
58 Hangzhou 5,189,000  China Urban agglomeration[8][32]
59 Dallas–Fort Worth 5,143,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 3,644 [7]
60 Singapore 5,086,000  Singapore Urban agglomeration 690
61 Chittagong 5,069,000  Bangladesh Statistical metropolitan area 990
62 Pune 4,951,000  India Urban agglomeration 700
63 Atlanta 4,875,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 5,083 [7]
64 Xi'an 4,846,000  China Urban agglomeration[8][33] 3,550
65 Saint Petersburg 4,842,000  Russia City proper[14] 1,150
66 Luanda 4,790,000  Angola Urban agglomeration
67 Houston 4,785,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 3,355 [7]
68 Boston 4,772,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 4,497 [7]
69 Washington, D.C. 4,634,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 2,996 [7]
70 Khartoum 4,516,000  Sudan Urban agglomeration 580
71 Sydney 4,479,000  Australia Urban agglomeration 12,140
72 Guadalajara 4,442,000  Mexico Metropolitan area (zona metropolitana) 2,730
73 Surat 4,438,000  India Urban agglomeration 326
74 Alexandria 4,400,000  Egypt City proper 2,970
75 Detroit 4,364,000  United States Urban agglomeration [6] 3,267 [7]
76 Yangon 4,356,000  Burma City proper 350
77 Abidjan 4,151,000  Ivory Coast Urban agglomeration 550
78 Monterrey 4,100,000  Mexico Metropolitan area (zona metropolitana) 4,010
79 Ankara 4,074,000  Turkey Urban agglomeration[34] 2,500
80 Shantou 4,062,000  China Urban agglomeration[8]
81 Salvador 3,947,000  Brazil Metropolitan area (região metropolitana) 2,340
82 Melbourne 3,896,000  Australia Urban agglomeration 7,690
83 Porto Alegre 3,892,000  Brazil Metropolitan area (região metropolitana) 9,890
84 Phoenix–Mesa 3,830,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6] 2,069 [7]
85 Montreal 3,808,000  Canada Metropolitan area[31] 4,050
86 Zhengzhou 3,796,000  China Urban agglomeration[8]
87 Johannesburg 3,763,000  South Africa Official metropolitan area 1,640
88 Brasília 3,701,000  Brazil Metropolitan area (região metropolitana)[35] 14,400
89 Recife 3,684,000  Brazil Metropolitan area (região metropolitana) 2,770
90 San Francisco–Oakland 3,681,000  United States Urban agglomeration[6][36] 1,364 [7]
91 Qingdao 3,680,000  China Urban agglomeration[8]
92 Changchun 3,598,000  China Urban agglomeration[8]
93 Medellín 3,595,000  Colombia Metropolitan area[37] 1,150
94 Jinan 3,581,000  China Urban agglomeration[8]
95 Fortaleza 3,520,000  Brazil Metropolitan area (região metropolitana) 4,950
96 Cape Town 3,492,000  South Africa Urban agglomeration 690
97 Jiddah 3,452,000  Saudi Arabia City proper 1,550
98 Berlin 3,450,000  Germany City proper 890
99 Dar es Salaam 3,415,000  Tanzania City proper
100 Busan 3,398,000  South Korea City proper (metropolitan city) 760

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Urbanization Prospects, 2011 revision (online data)
  2. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects: The 2009 Revision Population Database". United Nations. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  3. ^ The area figures are taken from individual national censuses according to the criteria and statistical concepts noted in the World Urbanization Prospects.
  4. ^ As defined by the Statistics Bureau of Japan; refers to Kanto major metropolitan area (M.M.A.)
  5. ^ Based on a definition of urban agglomeration that is not restricted to state boundaries
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Data refer to the urbanized area (UA), that is, contiguous territory that meets minimum population density requirements.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m U.S. Census Bureau, Alphabetically sorted corrected National list of Urbanized Areas Accessed on 2008-07-03.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t The population of the city is composed of population in all City Districts meeting the criteria such as “contiguous built-up area,” being the location of the local government, being a Street or Having a Resident Committee.
  9. ^ The Greater Mumbai urban agglomeration is defined by the municipal corporations of Greater Mumbai, Kalyan-Dombivali, Navi Mumbai, Thane and Ulhasnagar, plus the municipal councils of Ambarnath, Badlapur and Mira-Bhayandar. Not to be confused with the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, which includes some additional urban and rural units.
  10. ^ Data include urban population in Daxing, Pinggu, and Huairou Districts.
  11. ^ Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal; Kolkata District Accessed on 2008-07-03.
  12. ^ Data for Buenos Aires refer to Gran Buenos Aires
  13. ^ Data refers to Metro Manila
  14. ^ a b The data include communities under the authority of the Town Council.
  15. ^ The Statistics Bureau of Japan has provided the list of cities, towns and villages included in the urban agglomerations associated with the city of Osaka-Kobe for each census year from 1960 to 1990. The agglomeration of Osaka consisted of the densely inhabited districts of Osaka, 35 cities surrounding Osaka, Kobe and six cities surrounding Kobe.
  16. ^ Consists of the Governorate of Al-Qahirah (Cairo) and the cities of Al-Jizah (Giza), Helwan, Qalyub, Shubra al-Khaymah(Shubra-El-Khema) and 6th of October.
  17. ^ Istanbul includes Adalar, Avcilar, Bagicilar, Bahçelievler, Bakirkoy, Bayrampasa, Besiktas, Beykoz, Beyoglu, Eminonu, Esenler, Eyup, Fatih, Gaziosmanpasa, Gungoren, Kadikoy, Kagithane, Kartal, Kuçukçekmece, Maltepe, Pendik, Sariyer, Sisli, Tuzla, Umraniye, Uskudar and Zeytinburnu
  18. ^ Data refer to Lagos State
  19. ^ Data include urban population in Jiangjin, Hechuan, Nanchuan, and Yongchuan Districts.
  20. ^ Data refer to the functional urban area, that is, contiguous areas which are consistently urban in character as indicated by levels of population density, economic functions and facilities. Jakarta covers five municipalities (kota): Jakarta Selatan, Jakarta Timur, Jakarta Pusat, Jakarta Barat, and Jakarta Utara
  21. ^ Gran Lima includes the capitals of the departments of Lima and Callao as well as surrounding populated centres.
  22. ^ The urban agglomeration of London (also known as the Greater London Urban Area) includes 48 urban divisions.
  23. ^ Data include urban population in Baodi District
  24. ^ Refers to the nuclei of Santa Fe de Bogotá, Soacha, Chia and Funza
  25. ^ Data for Hong Kong consist of the population of Hong Kong Island, New Kowloon, the new towns in New Territories, and the marine areas.
  26. ^ Data include urban population in Xindu and Wenjiang Districts
  27. ^ Data include urban population in Nanhai, Shunde, Shanshui, and Gaoming Districts.
  28. ^ Data refer to Gran Santiago which includes the Province of Santiago plus cities within the Provinces of Puente Alto and San Bernardo.
  29. ^ Data include urban population in Jiangning and Liuhe Districts
  30. ^ Data include urban population in Hulan and Acheng Districts
  31. ^ a b Data refer to census metropolitan areas, defined as cities with a very large urbanized core, together with adjacent urban and rural areas which have a high degree of economic and social integration with that core, new numbers via 2011 Census.
  32. ^ Data include urban population in Xiaoshan and Yuhang Districts
  33. ^ Data include urban population in Chang'an District
  34. ^ Ankara includes Altindag, Cankaya, Etimesgut, Golbasi, Keçioren, Mamak, Sincan and Yenimahalle
  35. ^ Refers to the Região Integrada de Desenvolvimento do Distrito Federal e Entorno.
  36. ^ Does not include the San Jose, California urban agglomeration at the south end of San Francisco Bay, normally considered part of the San Francisco Bay Area in the United States
  37. ^ Refers to the nuclei of Medellín, Barbosa, Bello, Caldas, Copacabana, Envigado, Girardota, Itagui, La Estrella and Sabaneta

External links[edit]