List of urban areas by population

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This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population as of 2013/2014. The figures here have been taken from a US consultancy firm's website, Demographia.[1]

Definitions and issues[edit]

For more details on definitions, see World's largest cities.

Demographia defines an urban area (urbanized area agglomeration or urban centre) as a continuously built up land mass of urban development that is within a labor market (i.e. metropolitan area or metropolitan region), without regard for administrative boundaries (i.e. municipality, city or commune). Except in Australia, the authorities use a minimum urban density definition of 400 persons per square kilometer (or the nearly identical 1,000 per square mile in the United States). Demographia uses maps, satellite photographs to estimate continuous urbanization. Demographia also uses small area population data, where available, to match population estimates to urbanized land area. National census authority data are presented in Australia, Canada, France, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. Census of India urban agglomerations are not used in some cases because the geographical size of constituent units (municipalities) often includes large rural (non-urban) areas.

Sources for population estimates and land area definitions are coded by letter in the Table below, respectively.

A: National census authority data agglomeration data (land area or population).
B: Demographia land area estimate based upon map or satellite photograph analysis.
C: Demographia population estimate from lower order jurisdictions, including reduction for rural areas.
D: Population estimate based upon the United Nations agglomeration estimate.
E: Demographia population estimate from national census authority data.
F: Other Demographia population estimate, such as from unofficial local reports.
L: Demographia population estimate from local authority data.
N: Combined urban area using national census authority data.

The most reliable population estimates are A and N. Population estimates C are generally reliable. Population estimates D are less reliable, because it is sometimes difficult to determine whether the data is based upon metropolitan area, urban area populations or some other definition. Population estimates E are also less reliable, for generally these estimates are derived by subtracting estimated population for the rural parts of metropolitan areas based upon estimated urban versus rural population differentials. Population estimates coded F and L are the least reliable (e.g. Pyongyang in Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and Tunis in Tunisia).[citation needed]

The projected year (2013) population estimate is further calculated from the base year population estimate using population growth rate based upon the United Nations population growth rate with some exceptions.

The estimates are quite different from the list of World's largest urban agglomerations produced by the United Nations that reports inconsistently on urban geographic, despite its reference to agglomerations. This is evident, for example, in Manila, Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Seoul and Moscow, where the UN data are for political jurisdictions, rather than urban areas. In other cases, the UN data is for metropolitan area, which are larger than urban areas (such as in Brazil). Finally, the United Nations data is incomplete, excluding some significant urban areas (such as EssenDüsseldorf in Germany).

Urban areas are confined to a single metropolitan area or labor market area. In some cases, urban areas have virtually grown together (e.g. Taiheiyō Belt in Japan, the Pearl River Delta in the People's Republic of China and the Northeast megalopolis in the United States), yet are still considered separate urban areas.[citation needed]

Urban areas are confined to a single nation, unless there is freedom of movement (including labor) between the adjacent nations. Currently, this condition is met only between some continental nations of the European Union and Switzerland (e.g. LilleKortrijk in both France and Belgium, AachenVaals in both Germany and Netherlands, SaarbrückenForbach in both Germany and France, GenevaAnnemasse in both Switzerland and France, and BaselLörrachSaint-Louis in Switzerland, Germany and France). Thus, Detroit–Windsor in both the United States and Canada, and San Diego–Tijuana in both the United States and Mexico are not treated as single urban areas. Moreover, ShenzhenHong Kong is treated as separate urban areas, principally because labor movement between the two is limited, with the former within China and the latter a special administrative region of China.[citation needed]

According to the report, there are 875 identified urban areas in the world with 500,000 or more population as of 2013. Demographia released along with the report a disclaimer, that this list of data is compiled on best available information, that of the vary nature of which is changing rapidly and quality is improving as it becomes available, yet still remains highly variable between nations, hefty revisions are not unforeseen for the future. Appropriate caution is therefore advised.

224 Urban Areas with population of over two million.

Urban areas (population over 1,000,000)[edit]

Rank City Country Population Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Sources of
Pop. / Area
1 TokyoYokohama (Keihin)[2]  Japan 37,239,000 8,547 4,400 D / B
2 Jakarta (Jabodetabek)[3]  Indonesia 26,746,000 2,784 9,600 C / B
3 SeoulIncheon (Sudogwon)[4]  South Korea 22,868,000 2,163 10,600 C / B
4 Delhi[5]  India 22,826,000 1,943 11,800 A / B
5 Shanghai[6]  China 21,766,000 3,497 6,200 C / B
6 Manila (Metro Manila)[7]  Philippines 21,241,000 1,437 14,800 C / B
7 Karachi[8]  Pakistan 20,877,000 803 26,000 C / B
8 New York City[9]  United States 20,673,000 11,642 1,800 N / N
9 São Paulo[10]  Brazil 20,568,000 3,173 6,500 C / B
10 Mexico City (Valley of Mexico)[11]  Mexico 20,032,000 2,046 9,800 C / B
11 Beijing[12]  China 18,241,000 3,497 5,200 C / B
12 GuangzhouFoshan (Guangfo)[13]  China 17,681,000 3,173 5,600 C / B
13 Mumbai [14]  India 17,307,000 546 31,700 A / B
14 OsakaKobeKyoto (Keihanshin)[15]  Japan 17,175,000 3,212 5,300 C / B
15 Moscow[16]  Russia 15,788,000 4,403 3,600 C / B
16 Greater Cairo  Egypt 15,071,000 1,658 9,100 E / B
17 Los Angeles[17]  United States 15,067,000 6,299 2,400 N / N
18 Kolkata  India 14,630,000 1,204 12,100 A / B
19 Bangkok  Thailand 14,544,000 2,331 6,200 C / B
20 Dhaka[18]  Bangladesh 14,399,000 324 44,500 C / B
21 Buenos Aires[19]  Argentina 13,776,000 2,642 5,200 D / B
22 Tehran[20]  Iran 13,309,000 1,360 9,800 E / B
23 Istanbul  Turkey 12,919,000 1,347 9,600 A / B
24 Shenzhen[13]  China 12,506,000 1,748 7,200 C / B
25 Lagos[21]  Nigeria 12,090,000 907 13,300 D / B
26 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 11,616,000 2,020 5,700 C / B
27 Paris (Île-de-France)  France 10,869,000 2,845 3,800 A / A
28 Nagoya (Chūkyō)[22]  Japan 10,183,000 3,820 2,700 C / B
29 London[23]  United Kingdom 9,576,000 1,623 5,900 A / A
30 Lima  Peru 9,400,000 648 14,500 C / B
31 Kinshasa[24]  Democratic Republic of the Congo 9,387,000 583 16,100 D / B
32 Tianjin[25]  China 9,277,000 1,684 5,500 C / B
33 Chennai  India 9,182,000 842 10,900 A / B
34 Chicago[26]  United States 9,104,000 6,856 1,300 N / N
35 Bengaluru  India 9,044,000 738 12,300 A / B
36 Bogotá  Colombia 9,009,000 414 21,700 D / B
37 Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)  Vietnam 8,764,000 1,269 6,900 C / B
38 Dongguan[13]  China 8,591,000 1,554 5,500 C / B
39 Chengdu  China 8,386,000 971 8,600 C / B
40 Taipei[27]  Taiwan 8,357,000 1,140 7,300 C / B
41 Hyderabad  India 8,206,000 881 9,300 A / B
42 Lahore  Pakistan 7,994,000 583 13,700 D / B
43 JohannesburgEast Rand[28]  South Africa 7,426,000 2,694 2,800 D / B
44 Wuhan  China 7,411,000 1,088 6,800 C / B
45 EssenDüsseldorf (Ruhr Area)[29]  Germany 7,312,000 2,642 2,800 C / B
46 Hong Kong[13]  Hong Kong 7,162,000 275 26,100 E / B
47 Ahmedabad  India 6,732,000 298 22,600 A / B
48 Chongqing[30]  China 6,632,000 881 7,500 E / B
49 Kuala Lumpur (Klang Valley)[31]  Malaysia 6,608,000 1,943 3,400 C / B
50 Hangzhou[6]  China 6,559,000 1,127 5,800 C / B
51 Baghdad  Iraq 6,366,000 596 10,700 D / B
52 Toronto[32]  Canada 6,184,000 2,287 2,700 N / N
53 Madrid  Spain 6,183,000 1,321 4,700 C / B
54 Santiago[33]  Chile 6,171,000 984 6,300 C / B
55 DallasFort Worth[34]  United States 6,022,000 5,175 1,200 N / N
56 San FranciscoSan Jose[35]  United States 6,020,000 2,797 2,200 N / N
57 Quanzhou[36]  China 5,913,000 1,399 4,200 C / B
58 Miami[37]  United States 5,504,000 3,209 1,800 A / A
59 Nanjing[6]  China 5,770,000 1,140 5,100 E / B
60 Shenyang[38]  China 5,631,000 881 6,400 C / B
61 Belo Horizonte  Brazil 5,582,000 1,088 5,100 D / B
62 Philadelphia[9]  United States 5,508,000 5,131 1,100 A / A
63 Houston[39]  United States 5,485,000 4,644 1,200 N / N
64 Luanda  Angola 5,425,000 767 7,100 D / B
65 Xi'an[40]  China 5,332,000 803 6,600 C / B
66 Singapore[41]  Singapore 5,287,000 518 10,200 A / B
67 Pune  India 5,265,000 376 14,000 A / B
68 Milan[42]  Italy 5,248,000 1,891 2,800 C / B
69 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 5,133,000 1,502 3,400 E / B
70 Khartoum  Sudan 4,919,000 932 5,300 D / B
71 Saint Petersburg[43]  Russia 4,899,000 1,191 4,100 D / B
72 Washington, D.C.[44]  United States 4,825,000 3,424 1,400 A / A
73 Surat  India 4,791,000 161 29,800 A / B
74 Bandung  Indonesia 4,764,000 427 11,100 C / B
75 Atlanta[45]  United States 4,707,000 6,851 700 A / A
76 Surabaya  Indonesia 4,703,000 673 7,000 C / B
77 Barcelona  Spain 4,656,000 1,075 4,300 C / B
78 Yangon (Rangoon)  Burma 4,620,000 350 13,200 D / B
79 Alexandria  Egypt 4,603,000 293 15,700 E / B
79 Abidjan  Ivory Coast 4,603,000 324 14,200 D / B
81 Guadalajara  Mexico 4,567,000 699 6,500 D / B
82 Harbin[46]  China 4,543,000 518 8,800 C / B
83 Boston[47]  United States 4,514,000 5,325 800 N / N
84 Nairobi  Kenya 4,457,000 557 8,000 C / B
85 Qingdao  China 4,444,000 1,153 3,900 C / B
86 Suzhou[6]  China 4,402,000 907 4,900 C / B
87 Ankara  Turkey 4,221,000 583 7,200 D / B
88 Monterrey  Mexico 4,220,000 894 4,700 D / B
89 Zhengzhou  China 4,184,000 648 5,600 C / B
90 Salvador[48]  Brazil 4,075,000 389 10,500 D / B
91 Phoenix[49]  United States 4,044,000 3,276 1,200 N / N
92 Porto Alegre  Brazil 4,002,000 777 5,200 D / B
93 Sydney[50]  Australia 3,956,000 2,037 1,900 A / A
93 Berlin  Germany 3,956,000 1,347 2,900 C / B
95 Accra  Ghana 3,933,000 945 4,200 C / B
96 Kuwait City  Kuwait 3,851,000 712 5,400 D / B
97 Rome[51]  Italy 3,798,000 1,114 3,400 C / B
98 Recife  Brazil 3,793,000 414 9,200 D / B
98 Dalian  China 3,793,000 777 4,900 C / B
100 Melbourne[52]  Australia 3,761,000 2,543 1,500 A / A
101 Detroit[53]  United States 3,734,000 3,463 1,100 A / A
102 Medellín  Colombia 3,732,000 189 19,700 E / B
103 Naples  Italy 3,726,000 1,023 3,600 C / B
104 Dar es Salaam  Tanzania 3,723,000 570 6,500 C / B
105 Fortaleza  Brazil 3,636,000 725 5,000 D / B
105 Kano  Nigeria 3,636,000 251 14,500 D / B
107 Fuzhou  China 3,625,000 440 8,200 E / B
108 Cape Town  South Africa 3,560,000 816 4,400 D / B
109 Taiyuan[54]  China 3,526,000 466 7,600 C / B
110 Hefei  China 3,523,000 596 5,900 C / B
111 Athens  Greece 3,510,000 583 6,000 C / B
112 Jinan  China 3,479,000 725 4,800 C / B
113 Kabul  Afghanistan 3,476,000 259 13,400 D / B
114 Durban (eThekwini)  South Africa 3,457,000 1,036 3,300 D / B
115 Montreal[55]  Canada 3,450,000 1,546 2,200 A / A
116 Wuxi[6]  China 3,445,000 673 5,100 C / B
117 Tel Aviv  Israel 3,421,000 479 7,100 D / B
118 Kunming  China 3,413,000 596 5,700 C / B
118 Jeddah  Saudi Arabia 3,413,000 842 4,100 E / B
120 Xiamen[56]  China 3,388,000 583 5,800 C / B
121 Busan[57]  South Korea 3,384,000 259 13,100 E / B
122 Dubai[58]  United Arab Emirates 3,319,000 1,230 2,700 C / B
123 Ningbo[6]  China 3,312,000 738 4,500 C / B
124 Caracas  Venezuela 3,279,000 272 12,100 D / B
125 Dakar  Senegal 3,270,000 194 16,800 D / B
126 Aleppo  Syria 3,264,000 259 12,600 D / B
127 Curitiba  Brazil 3,233,000 842 3,800 D / B
128 Changsha  China 3,228,000 466 6,900 C / B
129 Addis Ababa  Ethiopia 3,226,000 389 8,300 C / B
130 Changchun  China 3,212,000 531 6,000 C / B
131 Jaipur  India 3,208,000 168 19,100 A / B
132 Faisalabad  Pakistan 3,197,000 181 17,600 D / B
133 Ibadan  Nigeria 3,180,000 389 8,200 D / B
133 Seattle[59]  United States 3,180,000 2,616 1,200 A / A
135 RawalpindiIslamabad  Pakistan 3,135,000 427 7,300 C / B
136 Casablanca  Morocco 3,120,000 220 14,200 D / B
137 Mashhad  Iran 3,097,000 298 10,400 E / B
138 Chittagong  Bangladesh 3,073,000 111 27,600 C / B
139 San Diego[60]  United States 3,065,000 1,896 1,600 A / A
140 Pyongyang  North Korea 3,048,000 176 17,300 F / B
141 Shijiazhuang  China 3,044,000 518 5,900 C / B
141 Kanpur  India 3,044,000 192 15,900 A / B
143 Kumasi  Ghana 3,031,000 337 9,000 C / B
144 Lucknow  India 3,026,000 238 12,700 A / B
145 Algiers  Algeria 2,994,000 453 6,600 D / B
146 Taichung  Taiwan 2,973,000 492 6,000 E / B
147 Changzhou[13]  China 2,971,000 829 3,600 C / B
148 İzmir  Turkey 2,946,000 272 10,800 D / B
149 Ürümqi  China 2,939,000 376 7,800 X / B
150 Hyderabad  Pakistan 2,850,000 73 39,300 C / B
151 Wenzhou[61]  China 2,817,000 259 10,900 C / B
152 Kiev  Ukraine 2,816,000 544 5,200 D / B
153 Kaohsiung  Taiwan 2,796,000 363 7,700 E / B
154 Kalyan[14]  India 2,763,000 93 29,600 C / B
155 Guiyang  China 2,749,000 298 9,200 C / B
156 Damascus  Syria 2,749,000 181 15,200 D / B
157 MinneapolisSaint Paul[62]  United States 2,731,000 2,647 1,000 A / A
158 Lisbon  Portugal 2,697,000 958 2,800 D / B
159 Maputo[63]  Mozambique 2,691,000 414 6,500 E / B
160 Sapporo  Japan 2,654,000 622 4,300 D / B
161 Amman[64]  Jordan 2,630,000 344 7,600 E / B
162 Douala  Cameroon 2,612,000 205 12,800 D / B
163 Sana'a  Yemen 2,608,000 179 14,600 D / B
164 Nagpur  India 2,605,000 220 11,800 A / B
165 Pretoria (Tshwane)[28]  South Africa 2,602,000 1,230 2,100 C / B
166 Yaoundé  Cameroon 2,587,000 231 11,200 D / B
167 Fukuoka[65]  Japan 2,556,000 531 4,800 C / B
168 Campinas  Brazil 2,541,000 932 2,700 C / B
169 Hanoi  Vietnam 2,533,000 285 8,900 C / B
170 TampaSt. Petersburg[66]  United States 2,516,000 2,479 1,000 A / A
171 Lanzhou  China 2,514,000 220 11,400 C / B
172 KatowiceGliwiceTychy (Silesian Metropolis)  Poland 2,507,000 725 3,500 C / B
173 Denver[67]  United States 2,505,000 1,730 1,400 A / A
174 Cali  Colombia 2,486,000 155 16,000 D / B
175 Nanchang  China 2,469,000 544 4,500 C / B
176 Cebu City (Metro Cebu)  Philippines 2,463,000 207 11,900 C / B
177 Tunis  Tunisia 2,456,000 363 6,800 F / B
178 Daegu  South Korea 2,400,000 246 9,800 E / B
179 Brasília[68]  Brazil 2,394,000 673 3,600 E / B
180 Guayaquil  Ecuador 2,379,000 220 10,800 D / B
181 Puebla  Mexico 2,374,000 622 3,800 D / B
182 Shantou[69]  China 2,364,000 363 6,500 C / B
183 Abuja  Nigeria 2,360,000 225 10,500 D / B
184 Maracaibo  Venezuela 2,343,000 155 15,100 D / B
185 Port-au-Prince  Haiti 2,332,000 171 13,600 D / B
186 Tashkent  Uzbekistan 2,316,000 531 4,400 D / B
187 ZhangjiagangJiangyin[13]  China 2,306,000 492 4,700 C / B
188 Frankfurt  Germany 2,303,000 673 3,400 C / B
189 Isfahan  Iran 2,299,000 350 6,600 E / B
190 Birmingham[70]  United Kingdom 2,297,000 600 3,800 A / A
191 Nanning  China 2,277,000 306 7,500 E / B
192 Zhongshan[13]  China 2,275,000 648 3,500 C / B
193 Indore[71]  India 2,264,000 130 17,500 A / B
194 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic 2,257,000 246 9,200 D / B
195 Baltimore[44]  United States 2,251,000 1,857 1,200 A / A
196 Medan  Indonesia 2,250,000 246 9,100 D / B
197 Coimbatore  India 2,246,000 171 13,100 A / B
197 Manchester[72]  United Kingdom 2,246,000 558 4,000 A / A
199 Kochi (Cochin)  India 2,211,000 220 10,000 A / B
200 Asunción  Paraguay 2,203,000 557 4,000 D / B
201 ChaoyangChaonan[69]  China 2,200,000 272 8,100 C / B
202 Ouagadougou  Burkina Faso 2,193,000 350 6,300 D / B
203 Bamako  Mali 2,193,000 311 7,100 D / B
204 Panama City  Panama 2,182,000 168 13,000 D / B
205 Colombo  Sri Lanka 2,177,000 223 9,800 E / B
206 Vancouver[73]  Canada 2,166,000 1,150 1,900 A / A
207 San Juan  Puerto Rico 2,163,000 2,246 1,000 A / A
208 St. Louis[74]  United States 2,157,000 2,393 900 A / A
209 Patna  India 2,139,000 127 16,900 A / B
210 Goiânia  Brazil 2,131,000 673 3,200 D / B
211 Linyi  China 2,123,000 596 3,600 C / B
212 Kozhikode (Calicut)  India 2,120,000 119 17,800 A / B
213 RotterdamThe Hague[75]  Netherlands 2,119,000 842 2,500 C / B
214 Belém  Brazil 2,116,000 259 8,200 D / B
215 Baku[76]  Azerbaijan 2,112,000 298 7,100 D / B
215 Havana  Cuba 2,112,000 285 7,400 D / B
217 Shaoxing[13]  China 2,094,000 461 4,500 E / B
218 Antananarivo  Madagascar 2,075,000 220 9,400 C / B
219 CologneBonn[29]  Germany 2,069,000 932 2,200 C / B
220 Baotou  China 2,065,000 376 5,500 C / B
221 Tangshan[25]  China 2,059,000 277 7,400 E / B
222 Beirut  Lebanon 2,035,000 673 3,000 D / B
223 Kitakyūshū[65]  Japan 2,005,000 492 4,100 C / B
224 Port Harcourt[20]  Nigeria 2,002,000 158 12,700 C / B
225 Hohhot  China 1,988,000 401 5,000 C / B
226 Bhopal  India 1,967,000 148 13,300 A / B
227 Las Vegas  United States 1,955,000 1,080 1,800 A / A
228 Brussels  Belgium 1,944,000 751 2,600 C / B
229 Barranquilla  Colombia 1,941,000 142 13,600 D / B
230 Bucharest  Romania 1,931,000 285 6,800 D / B
230 Orlando  United States 1,931,000 1,958 1,000 N / N
232 Manaus  Brazil 1,923,000 298 6,500 D / B
232 Portland  United States 1,923,000 1,357 1,400 A / A
234 Brisbane  Australia 1,912,000 1,972 1,000 A / A
235 Vadodara  India 1,897,000 137 13,800 A / B
236 Valencia  Venezuela 1,896,000 218 8,700 D / B
237 Rabat  Morocco 1,881,000 142 13,200 D / B
238 Multan  Pakistan 1,871,000 142 13,100 D / B
239 Lomé  Togo 1,862,000 207 9,000 F / B
240 Gujranwala  Pakistan 1,861,000 148 12,600 D / B
241 Minsk  Belarus 1,860,000 324 5,700 D / B
241 San Antonio  United States 1,860,000 1,546 1,200 A / A
243 Huai'an  China 1,856,000 148 12,600 E / B
244 Thrissur  India 1,854,000 363 5,100 A / B
245 Lusaka  Zambia 1,849,000 179 10,300 D / B
246 Semarang  Indonesia 1,846,000 259 7,100 D / B
247 Conakry  Guinea 1,838,000 161 11,400 D / B
248 Tijuana  Mexico 1,827,000 466 3,900 D / B
249 Agra  India 1,824,000 130 14,100 A / B
250 Kampala  Uganda 1,820,000 492 3,700 D / B
251 Visakhapatnam  India 1,806,000 181 10,000 A / B
252 Hamburg  Germany 1,796,000 712 2,500 C / B
253 Sacramento  United States 1,776,000 1,220 1,500 A / A
254 La Paz  Bolivia 1,770,000 155 11,400 D / B
255 Cleveland  United States 1,765,000 1,999 900 A / A
256 Thiruvananthapuram  India 1,762,000 142 12,400 A / B
257 Luoyang  China 1,761,000 220 8,000 E / B
258 Santa Cruz de la Sierra  Bolivia 1,749,000 220 7,900 D / B
259 Toluca  Mexico 1,747,000 220 7,900 D / B
260 Pittsburgh  United States 1,734,000 2,344 700 A / A
261 Vienna  Austria 1,732,000 453 3,800 E / B
262 Bursa  Turkey 1,729,000 127 13,600 D / B
263 Handan  China 1,728,000 168 10,300 E / B
264 Budapest  Hungary 1,726,000 894 1,900 D / B
265 Santos  Brazil 1,716,000 207 8,300 D / B
266 Warsaw  Poland 1,715,000 544 3,200 D / B
267 Shiraz  Iran 1,702,000 246 6,900 E / B
268 Malappuram  India 1,698,000 324 5,200 A / B
269 Lubumbashi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,696,000 155 10,900 D / B
270 Yinchuan  China 1,694,000 158 10,700 E / B
271 Phnom Penh  Cambodia 1,693,000 166 10,200 D / B
272 Brazzaville  Republic of the Congo 1,685,000 181 9,300 D / B
272 Ludhiana  India 1,685,000 168 10,000 A / B
274 Quito  Ecuador 1,684,000 479 3,500 D / B
275 Vitória  Brazil 1,666,000 363 4,600 D / B
276 León  Mexico 1,665,000 158 10,500 D / B
277 Montevideo  Uruguay 1,661,000 259 6,400 D / B
278 Perth  Australia 1,657,000 1,566 1,100 A / A
279 Tabriz  Iran 1,647,000 168 9,800 E / B
280 San Salvador  El Salvador 1,646,000 155 10,600 D / B
281 Kannur  India 1,643,000 91 18,100 A / B
282 Jilin  China 1,641,000 194 8,400 C / B
283 Johor Bahru  Malaysia 1,640,000 712 2,300 E / B
284 Mogadishu  Somalia 1,637,000 96 17,100 D / B
285 Nashik  India 1,635,000 111 14,700 A / B
286 Cincinnati  United States 1,625,000 2,041 800 A / A
287 Harare  Zimbabwe 1,619,000 596 2,700 E / B
288 Datong  China 1,611,000 181 8,900 E / B
289 Kaduna  Nigeria 1,610,000 153 10,500 D / B
290 Peshawar  Pakistan 1,606,000 117 13,800 D / B
291 Haikou  China 1,600,000 311 5,100 C / B
291 Makassar  Indonesia 1,600,000 179 9,000 C / B
293 Zibo  China 1,598,000 350 4,600 C / B
294 Kunshan  China 1,596,000 492 3,200 C / B
295 Yangzhou  China 1,593,000 233 6,800 C / B
296 Marseille  France 1,587,000 1,204 1,300 A / B
297 Anshan  China 1,571,000 181 8,700 C / B
298 Mosul  Iraq 1,567,000 140 11,200 D / B
298 Mecca  Saudi Arabia 1,567,000 389 4,000 E / B
300 Córdoba  Argentina 1,564,000 363 4,300 D / B
301 Valencia  Spain 1,561,000 272 5,700 C / B
301 Vijayawada  India 1,558,000 57 27,300 A / B
302 Lyon  France 1,547,000 1,178 1,300 A / A
302 Kansas City  United States 1,547,000 1,756 900 A / A
304 San José  Costa Rica 1,543,000 324 4,800 D / B
304 Leeds-Bradford  United Kingdom 1,543,000 370 4,200 A / A
306 Palembang  Indonesia 1,542,000 220 7,000 D / B
307 Indianapolis  United States 1,532,000 1,829 800 A / A
308 Madurai  India 1,525,000 75 20,300 A / B
309 Daejeon  South Korea 1,513,000 132 11,500 E / B
310 Turin  Italy 1,499,000 376 4,000 C / B
311 Varanasi  India 1,498,000 101 14,800 A / B
312 Davao City  Philippines 1,493,000 2,443 610 D / B
313 Meerut  India 1,489,000 104 14,400 A / B
314 Austin  United States 1,488,000 1,355 1,100 A / A
315 Gwangju  South Korea 1,481,000 127 11,700 E / B
316 Adana  Turkey 1,477,000 124 11,900 D / B
317 Novosibirsk  Russia 1,470,000 622 2,400 E / B
318 Virginia Beach-Norfolk  United States 1,466,000 1,334 1,100 A / A
319 Liuzhou  China 1,458,000 207 7,000 E / B
320 Rajkot  India 1,455,000 75 19,400 A / B
321 Kharkiv  Ukraine 1,449,000 466 3,100 D / B
322 Benin City  Nigeria 1,439,000 228 6,300 D / B
323 Stockholm  Sweden 1,435,000 382 3,800 A / A
324 Mbuji-Mayi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,430,000 122 11,700 D / B
325 Weifang  China 1,422,000 246 5,800 C / B
326 Almaty  Kazakhstan 1,415,000 420 3,400 E / B
327 Fushun  China 1,412,000 130 10,900 C / B
328 Columbus  United States 1,409,000 1,321 1,100 A / A
329 Porto  Portugal 1,398,000 389 3,600 C / B
330 Jamshedpur  India 1,397,000 109 12,800 A / B
331 Milwaukee  United States 1,388,000 1,414 1,000 A / A
332 Huizhou  China 1,387,000 168 8,200 E / B
333 Yantai  China 1,377,000 262 5,300 C / B
334 Ciudad Juárez  Mexico 1,369,000 324 4,200 D / B
335 Munich  Germany 1,357,000 466 2,900 C / B
336 Natal  Brazil 1,342,000 181 7,400 D / B
337 Yekaterinburg  Russia 1,340,000 518 2,600 E / B
338 Sendai  Japan 1,334,000 324 4,100 C / B
339 Srinagar  India 1,331,000 127 10,500 A / B
340 Jabalpur  India 1,325,000 91 14,600 A / B
340 Hiroshima  Japan 1,325,000 285 4,700 C / B
342 São Luís, Maranhão  Brazil 1,323,000 427 3,100 D / B
343 Baoding  China 1,322,000 220 6,000 E / B
344 Auckland  New Zealand 1,310,000 544 2,400 E / B
344 Charlotte  United States 1,310,000 1,919 700 A / A
346 Adelaide  Australia 1,300,000 394 3,300 A / A
346 Yerevan  Armenia 1,300,000 324 4,000 F / B
346 Asansol  India 1,300,000 65 20,100 A / B
349 Rosario  Argentina 1,290,000 233 5,500 D / B
350 Zhuhai  China 1,274,000 246 5,200 E / B
350 Stuttgart  Germany 1,274,000 414 3,100 C / B
352 Allahabad  India 1,271,000 124 10,200 A / B
353 Barquisimeto  Venezuela 1,265,000 96 13,200 D / B
354 Prague  Czech Republic 1,264,000 285 4,400 D / B
355 Torreón  Mexico 1,260,000 168 7,500 D / B
356 Tainan  Taiwan 1,259,000 207 6,100 E / B
357 Yogyakarta  Indonesia 1,250,000 233 5,400 C / B
358 Dhanbad  India 1,249,000 96 13,000 A / B
359 Nizhny Novgorod  Russia 1,247,000 622 2,000 E / B
360 Xuzhou  China 1,246,000 233 5,300 E / B
361 Aurangabad  India 1,244,000 73 17,200 A / B
362 Ahvaz  Iran 1,241,000 233 5,300 E / B
363 Amritsar  India 1,239,000 98 12,600 A / B
364 Belgrade  Serbia 1,233,796 233 4,700 C / B
365 Guatemala City  Guatemala 1,228,000 298 4,100 C / B
366 Maceió  Brazil 1,225,000 104 11,800 D / B
367 Copenhagen  Denmark 1,218,000 453 2,700 A / A
368 Wuhu  China 1,217,000 161 7,600 E / B
369 Qiqihar  China 1,216,000 130 9,400 E / B
370 Gaziantep  Turkey 1,209,000 88 13,700 D / B
371 Glasgow  United Kingdom 1,203,000 368 3,300 A / A
372 Cixi City  China 1,200,000 298 4,000 C / B
373 Xining  China 1,200,000 106 11,300 E / B
374 Zhangzhou  China 1,200,000 350 3,400 E / B
375 Niamey  Niger 1,199,000 130 9,300 E / B
376 João Pessoa  Brazil 1,196,000 194 6,200 D / B
377 Anyang  China 1,195,000 181 6,600 E / B
378 Jodhpur  India 1,190,000 83 14,400 A / B
379 Providence  United States 1,187,000 1,412 800 A / A
380 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,182,000 207 5,700 D / B
381 Khulna  Bangladesh 1,179,000 70 16,900 C / B
382 Ranchi  India 1,179,000 57 20,700 A / B
383 Raipur  India 1,176,000 111 10,600 A / B
384 Huambo  Angola 1,175,000 57 20,600 D / B
385 Medina  Saudi Arabia 1,172,000 350 3,400 E / B
386 Durg-Bhilai  India 1,164,000 114 10,200 A / B
387 Samara  Russia 1,162,000 376 3,100 D / B
388 Tripoli  Libya 1,160,000 194 6,000 D / B
389 Helsinki  Finland 1,159,000 492 2,400 E / B
390 Gwalior  India 1,152,000 57 20,200 A / B
391 Putian  China 1,150,000 453 2,500 E / B
392 Penang  Malaysia 1,150,000 298 3,900 E / B
393 Omsk  Russia 1,148,000 492 2,300 E / B
394 Vasai-Virar  India 1,147,000 91 12,700 A / B
395 Querétaro  Mexico 1,144,000 150 7,600 D / B
396 Dublin  Ireland 1,143,000 453 2,500 D / B
397 Zhangjiakou  China 1,142,000 130 8,800 E / B
398 Kazan  Russia 1,141,000 492 2,300 D / B
399 Changshu  China 1,139,000 285 4,000 C / B
400 Bucaramanga  Colombia 1,134,000 60 19,000 D / B
401 Maracay  Venezuela 1,133,000 158 7,200 D / B
402 Tegucigalpa  Honduras 1,130,000 98 11,500 D / B
403 Chelyabinsk  Russia 1,130,000 583 1,900 D / B
404 Tbilisi  Georgia 1,122,000 194 5,800 D / B
405 Hanover Region  Germany 1,119,526 2,290 490 A / A
406 Calgary  Canada 1,119,000 704 1,600 A / A
407 Fes  Morocco 1,117,000 52 21,600 D / B
408 Huainan  China 1,112,000 109 10,200 E / B
409 Kollam  India 1,110,000 181 6,100 A / B
410 Mandalay  Burma 1,108,000 85 13,000 D / B
411 Kathmandu    Nepal 1,106,000 60 18,600 D / B
412 Naypyidaw  Burma 1,105,000 233 4,700 D / H
413 Jacksonville  United States 1,101,000 1,373 800 A / A
414 Seville  Spain 1,100,000 272 4,000 C / B
415 Xiangyang  China 1,100,000 135 8,200 C / B
416 Joinville  Brazil 1,092,000 150 7,300 D / B
417 Ulan Bator  Mongolia 1,091,000 233 4,700 E / B
418 Rostov-on-Don  Russia 1,089,000 414 2,600 D / B
419 Ulsan  South Korea 1,087,000 104 10,500 D / B
420 Chifeng  China 1,085,000 85 12,700 E / B
421 Jiamusi  China 1,080,000 80 13,500 E / B
422 Memphis  United States 1,079,000 1,287 800 A / A
423 Erbil  Iraq 1,078,000 75 14,400 D / B
424 Chandigarh  India 1,074,000 202 5,300 A / B
425 Haifa  Israel 1,072,000 228 4,700 D / B
426 Konya  Turkey 1,069,000 130 8,300 D / B
427 Tiruchirappalli  India 1,068,000 85 12,500 A / B
428 Salt Lake City  United States 1,068,000 720 1,500 A / A
429 Florianópolis  Brazil 1,061,000 130 8,200 D / B
430 Dongying  China 1,060,000 220 4,800 E / B
431 Mombasa  Kenya 1,055,000 85 12,300 D / B
432 Mérida  Mexico 1,055,000 207 5,100 D / B
433 Kigali  Rwanda 1,055,000 114 9,300 E / B
434 Lille  France 1,050,000 474 2,200 C / A-B
435 Amsterdam  Netherlands 1,050,000 414 2,500 C / B
436 Xinxiang  China 1,048,000 104 10,100 E / B
437 Kota  India 1,047,000 62 16,800 A / B
438 Jiaxing  China 1,044,000 259 4,000 C / B
439 Zaria  Nigeria 1,044,000 88 11,900 F / B
440 N'Djamena  Chad 1,040,000 83 12,500 D / B
441 San Luis Potosí  Mexico 1,040,000 132 7,900 D / B
442 Huaibei  China 1,036,000 91 11,400 C / B
443 Nantong  China 1,036,000 233 4,400 C / B
444 Qom  Iran 1,034,000 117 8,900 E / B
445 Mysore  India 1,033,000 91 11,400 A / B
446 Bareilly  India 1,025,000 83 12,400 A / B
447 Nuremberg  Germany 1,020,000 337 3,000 C / B
448 Ufa  Russia 1,015,000 168 6,000 E / B
449 Guwahati  India 1,014,000 70 14,500 A / B
449 Nashville  United States 1,014,000 1,458 700 A / A
451 Odessa  Ukraine 1,010,000 207 4,900 D / B
452 Cartagena  Colombia 1,001,000 83 12,100 D / B
453 Hamamatsu  Japan 1,000,000 259 3,900 C / B
453 Monrovia  Liberia 1,000,000 194 5,100 E / B
453 Port Elizabeth  South Africa 1,000,000 389 2,600 C / B
453 Changwon  South Korea 1,000,000 104 9,700 E / B
453 Dnipropetrovsk  Ukraine 1,000,000 324 3,100 D / B

Number of urban areas by country in 2013[edit]

Country Urban Areas
Over 500,000[1]
Urban Areas
Over 1,000,000[1]
Urban Areas
Over 2,000,000[1]
Urban Areas
Over 5,000,000[1]
World 884' 456' 222' 69
 China 174 84 46 15
 India 93 55 19 8
 United States 74 41 21 8
 Russia 39 11 2 1
 Brazil 34 21 12 3
 Mexico 27 12 4 1
 Japan 23 9 6 3
 Indonesia 22 8 4 1
 Philippines 18[77] 4[78] 2 1
 Nigeria 17 8 5 1
 Germany 15 8 4 1
 Iran 12 7 3 1
 Turkey 12 7 3 1
 South Korea 11 7 3 1
 Pakistan 11 8 5 2
 United Kingdom 10 5 3 1
 France 10 4 1 1
 Ukraine 10 4 1 0
 Colombia 9 6 3 1
 Italy 9 4 3 1
 Spain 9 4 2 1
 Argentina 9 3 1 1
 Canada 8 4 3 1
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 7 3 1 1
 Venezuela 7 5 2 0
 Morocco 7 3 1 0
 Poland 7 2 1 0
 South Africa 6 5 4 1
 Saudi Arabia 6 4 2 1
 Iraq 6 3 1 1
 Malaysia 6 3 1 1
 Australia 6 5 2 0
 Taiwan 5 4 3 1
 Bangladesh 4 3 2 1
 Egypt 4 2 2 1
 Vietnam 4 2 2 1
 Peru 4 1 1 1
 Yemen 4 1 1 0
 Kazakhstan 4 1 0 0
  Switzerland 3 0 0 0
 Chile 3 1 1 1
 Syria 3 2 2 0
 Burma 3 3 1 0
 Israel 3 2 1 0
 Ivory Coast 3 1 1 0
 Algeria 3 1 1 0
 North Korea 3 1 1 0
 Bolivia 3 2 0 0
 Belgium 3 1 0 0
 Austria 3 1 1 0
 Malawi 2 0 0 0
 Angola 2 2 1 1
 Thailand 2 1 1 1
 Cameroon 2 2 2 0
 Ghana 2 2 2 0
 Ecuador 2 2 1 0
 Kenya 2 2 1 0
 Netherlands 2 2 1 0
 Portugal 2 2 1 0
 United Arab Emirates 2 1 1 0
 Dominican Republic 2 1 1 0
 Greece 2 1 1 0
 Senegal 2 1 1 0
 Uzbekistan 2 1 1 0
 Belarus 2 1 0 0
 Republic of the Congo 2 1 0 0
 Libya 2 1 0 0
 Sweden 2 1 0 0
 Zimbabwe 2 1 0 0
 Albania 1 0 0 0
 Benin 1 0 0 0
 Bahrain 1 0 0 0
 Central African Republic 1 0 0 0
 Djibouti 1 0 0 0
 Eritrea 1 0 0 0
 Gabon 1 0 0 0
 Gambia 1 0 0 0
 Croatia 1 0 0 0
 Jamaica 1 0 0 0
 Kyrgyzstan 1 0 0 0
 Laos 1 0 0 0
 Lithuania 1 0 0 0
 Latvia 1 0 0 0
 Moldova 1 0 0 0
 Macedonia 1 0 0 0
 Mauritania 1 0 0 0
 Nicaragua 1 0 0 0
 Norway 1 0 0 0
 Oman 1 0 0 0
 Qatar 1 0 0 0
 Sierra Leone 1 0 0 0
 Tajikistan 1 0 0 0
 Turkmenistan 1 0 0 0
 Trinidad and Tobago 1 0 0 0
 Singapore 1 1 1 1
 Afghanistan 1 1 1 0
 Azerbaijan 1 1 1 0
 Burkina Faso 1 1 1 0
 Cuba 1 1 1 0
 Ethiopia 1 1 1 0
 Haiti 1 1 1 0
 Jordan 1 1 1 0
 Kuwait 1 1 1 0
 Lebanon 1 1 1 0
 Sri Lanka 1 1 1 0
 Madagascar 1 1 1 0
 Mali 1 1 1 0
 Mozambique 1 1 1 0
 Sudan 1 1 1 0
 Tunisia 1 1 1 0
 Tanzania 1 1 1 0
 Armenia 1 1 0 0
 Bulgaria 1 1 0 0
 Costa Rica 1 1 0 0
 Czech Republic 1 1 0 0
 Denmark 1 1 0 0
 Finland 1 1 0 0
 Georgia 1 1 0 0
 Guinea 1 1 0 0
 Guatemala 1 1 0 0
 Honduras 1 1 0 0
 Hungary 1 1 0 0
 Ireland 1 1 0 0
 Cambodia 1 1 0 0
 Liberia 1 1 0 0
 Mongolia 1 1 0 0
 Niger 1 1 0 0
   Nepal 1 1 0 0
 New Zealand 1 1 0 0
 Romania 1 1 0 0
 Rwanda 1 1 0 0
 El Salvador 1 1 0 0
 Somalia 1 1 0 0
 Serbia 1 1 0 0
 Chad 1 1 0 0
 Togo 1 1 0 0
 Uganda 1 1 0 0
 Uruguay 1 1 0 0
 Zambia 1 1 0 0

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations): 9th Annual Edition, May 2014
  2. ^ Includes large areas of Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba and Saitama prefectures and small areas of Gunma, Tochigi and Ibaraki prefectures. Excludes urban areas of Utsunomiya (500,000; 119 km2) and Mito (500,000; 246 km2).
  3. ^ Various international sources limit their population estimates to DKI Jakarta itself (the national capital district). However, the urbanization of Jakarta extends into the regencies of Tangerang, Bekasi, Bogor and Karawang and the separate cities of Bekasi, Depok and Bogor. Excludes urban areas of Karawang (650,000; 207 km2) and Serang (525,000; 65 km2).
  4. ^ Includes satellite cities in Gyeonggi Province such as Suwon, Goyang, Seongnam, Bucheon and Ansan which are treated as separate urban agglomerations by the United Nations. Excludes urban area of Cheonan (500,000; 57 km2) in Chungcheongnam-do.
  5. ^ Includes Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Noida, Gurgaon and Bahadurgarh. Excludes uran area of Meerut (1,489,000; 104 km2).
  6. ^ a b c d e f Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Ningbo, Changzhou, Shaoxing, and urban area of Zhangjiaggang-Jiangyin within the prefecture-level cities of Suzhou and Wuxi are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Yangtze River Delta economic zone. Huai'an (1,856,000; 148 km2), Xuzhou (1,246,000; 233 km2), Nantong (1,036,000; 233 km2), Lianyungang (985,000; 155 km2), Zhenjiang (983,000; 168 km2), Yancheng (797,000; 207 km2), Huzhou (690,000; 111 km2), Taizhou (in Jiangsu Province; 300,000; 117 km2) and Suqian (220,000; 36 km2), as well as urban areas of Yangzhou (1,593,000; 233 km2) and Gaoyou (180,000; 39 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Yangzhou, urban areas of Kunshan (1,596,000; 492 km2), Changshu (1,139,000; 285 km2) and Taicang (523,000; 117 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Suzhou, urban areas of Cixi (1,200,000; 298 km2) and Yuyao (650,000; 122 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Ningbo, urban areas of Jiaxing (1,044,000; 259 km2) and Tongxiang (510,000; 52 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jiaxing, urban areas of Wenling (510,000; 52 km2), Jiaojiang (375,000; 41 km2) and Huangyan (200,000; 34 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Taizhou (in Zhejiang Province), urban areas of Zhuji (500,000; 117 km2) and Shangyu (400,000; 158 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Shaoxing, urban areas of Yiwu-Dongyang (925,000; 233 km2), Jinhua (520,000; 186 km2), Yongkang (500,000; 223 km2), Dongyang (260,000; 104 km2) and Lanxi (220,000; 34 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jinhua, and urban area of Fuyang (450,000; 49 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Hangzhou are also excluded.
  7. ^ The population is higher than other agglomeration estimates (such as the United Nations), tend to be limited to Metro Manila, which is a province level jurisdiction. The continuous urbanization of Manila extends outward into Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Batangas provinces. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  8. ^ The population is lower than other estimates (such as the United Nations), which include metropolitan area population not within the continuously developed urban area.
  9. ^ a b Demographia defines urban area of New York as a combination of New York–Newark, BridgeportStamford, New Haven, Trenton, Danbury and Twin Rivers urbanized areas. New York and Philadelphia (same with Philadelphia urbanized area) are treated as separate urban areas. Urban areas of Hartford (925,000; 1,336 km2), AllentownBethlehem (665,000; 896 km2), Springfield (621,000; 904 km2), Harrisburg (446,000; 673 km2), Poughkeepsie (427,000; 847 km2), Lancaster (405,000; 642 km2), Reading (284,000; 269 km2), Atlantic City (250,000; 324 km2), York (235,000; 342 km2), NorwichNew London (209,000; 394 km2), Waterbury (195,000; 233 km2) and Pottstown (108,000; 205 km2) are also excluded.
  10. ^ Includes Francisco Morato. Excludes urban area of Santos (1,716,000; 207 km2).
  11. ^ Excludes urban areas of Toluca (1,747,000; 220 km2) and Cuernavaca (675,000; 171 km2).
  12. ^ Excludes urban areas of Baoding (1,283,000; 220 km2), Zhangjiakou (1,322,000; 220 km2) and Chengde (108,000; 23 km2).
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Hong Kong in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Shenzhen are treated as separate urban areas because of the lack of freedom of labor movement without trade, immigration or customs barriers. Guangzhou–Foshan, Shenzhen, Dongguan and Zhongshan are also treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Pearl River Delta economic zone. While Guangzhou and Foshan are combined into a single urban area because they have become more economically integrated than the other urban areas, other areas in the Pearl River Delta economic region remain classified as separate urban areas. Thus, urban areas of Huizhou (1,387,000; 168 km2), Zhuhai (1,274,000; 246 km2) and Zhaoqing (500,000; 65 km2) as well as urban areas of Jiangmen (920,000; 259 km2) and Taishan (204,000; 44 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen, urban area of Lishui (300,000; 44 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Foshan and urban are of Macau (560,000; 21 km2) in the Macau Special Administrative Region are excluded. Urban area of Guangzhou–Foshan includes Shunde within the prefecture-level city of Foshan, which has been excluded in the 2011 edition. Urban area of Shenzhen includes Huiyang within the prefecture-level city of Huizhou, which has been excluded in the 2010 edition. Urban area of Huizhou includes only Huicheng District. The Demographia estimate for Dongguan is lower than last year, because local estimates previously used were higher than reported in the 2010 census.
  14. ^ a b Mumbai and Kalyan are treated as separate urban areas, although the census of India classifies Kalyan within the Mumbai agglomeration. Kalyan is excluded by Demographia because of the lack of continuous urbanization with Mumbai. Urban area of Mumbai includes Panvel and Navi Mumbai, but excludes urban area of VasaiVirar (1,147,000; 91 km2) and Bhiwandi (737,000; 52 km2), which have been included in the 2011 edition. A large part of the municipality of Mumbai is rural, composed of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park and thus not included in the urban area.
  15. ^ Includes Nara and Himeji. United Nations estimates separate Osaka–Kobe and Kyoto and exclude both Nara and Himeji. Excludes urban area of Ōtsu (775,000; 303 km2) and Wakayama (430,000; 91 km2).
  16. ^ The population estimate is suspect, due to the lack of readily available data for local areas outside the city jurisdiction (Moscow Oblast). Demographia is indebted to Richard Forstall, who has provided local authority area population data for portions of Moscow Oblast within the Moscow urban areas. Other estimates (such as the United Nations estimate) include only the municipality of Moscow, which includes only part of the urban footprint. Includes ElektrostalNoginsk within Moscow Oblast, which has been excluded in the 2011 edition.
  17. ^ Combination of Los Angeles–Long BeachSanta Ana, RiversideSan Bernardino and Mission Viejo urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of TemeculaMurrieta (472,000; 420 km2), IndioPalm Springs (370,000; 373 km2), Oxnard (369,000; 218 km2), LancasterPalmdale (358,000; 300 km2), VictorvilleHesperiaApple Valley (350,000; 433 km2), Santa Clarita (272,000; 199 km2), Thousand Oaks (216,000; 223 km2), Santa Barbara (196,000; 145 km2), Hemet (163,000; 127 km2) and Simi Valley (126,000; 80 km2).
  18. ^ Includes urban area of Narayanganj which has been excluded in the 2011 edition.
  19. ^ Excludes urban area of La Plata (675,000; 228 km2) which has been included in the 2007 edition.
  20. ^ a b Includes Eslamshahr and Karaj which has been excluded in the 2012 edition.
  21. ^ Higher population estimates are indicated by some source. The Demographia population estimate is determined from accumulating smaller area population data from the 2006 census. Excludes urban area of Ikorodu (525,000; 130 km2) within Lagos State.
  22. ^ Includes Toyohashi.
  23. ^ Greater London urban area. Excludes urban areas of Reading (318,000; 84 km2), Southend-on-Sea (295,000; 72 km2), Aldershot (252,000; 79 km2), Luton (258,000; 51 km2), Medway (244,000; 52 km2), Crawley (181,000; 58 km2), Slough (164,000; 34 km2), Basildon (145,000; 37 km2), High Wycombe (133,000; 39 km2), Chelmsford (112,000; 26 km2) and Maidstone (108,000; 25 km2).
  24. ^ Excludes urban area of Brazzaville (1,685,000; 181 km2) in the Republic of the Congo.
  25. ^ a b Tianjin and Tangshan are treated as separate urban areas. Urban areas of Cangzhou (500,000; 130 km2) and Langfang (465,000; 130 km2) as well as urban area of Qian'an (400,000; 168 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Tangshan are also excluded. The population of the urban area of Tianjin is lower than other estimates (such as the United Nations), which include metropolitan area population not within the continuously developed urban area. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of sub-municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  26. ^ Combination of Chicago, Kenosha and Round Lake BeachMcHenryGrayslake urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of Milwaukee (1,388,000; 1,414 km2), Rockford (301,000; 396 km2), South Bend (278,000; 417 km2), Elkhart (144,000; 238 km2) and Racine (134,000; 127 km).
  27. ^ The population is higher than other estimates (such as the United Nations), which do not include all population within the continuously developed urban area (especially in New Taipei City). Includes Taoyuan and Jhongli (Chungli) which have been excluded in the 2010 edition. Excludes urban area of Hsinchu (650,000; 117 km2).
  28. ^ a b Johannesburg–East Rand and Pretoria are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Vaal Triangle. Urban area of Vereeninging (Emfuleni) (650,000; 337 km2) is also excluded.
  29. ^ a b Essen–Düsseldorf and Cologne–Bonn are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area. Excludes urban area of AachenVaals (585,000; 401 km2) in both Germany and the Netherlands.
  30. ^ Excludes urban area of Wanzhou (Wanxian) (500,000; 41 km2) within the municipality of Chongqing. The direct-controlled municipality of Chongqing, which is sometimes translated as the direct-controlled city of Chongqing, has the largest population of any organism called a city in the stretches far beyond any reasonable definition of a metropolitan area.
  31. ^ The population is higher than other agglomeration estimates (such as the United Nations), which does not include all of the continuously developed urban area in the state of Selangor. Continuous urbanization extends well beyond the municipality of Kuala Lumpur, for example to Port Klang and the area represents a single labor market (metropolitan area). The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration). Excludes urban area of Seremban (500,000; 155 km2).
  32. ^ Combination of population centres of Toronto, Hamilton and Oshawa. Excludes urban areas of Kitchener (445,000; 313 km2), London (366,000; 223 km2), St. Catharines (309,000; 378 km2), Barrie (167,000; 171 km2) and Guelph (122,000; 78 km2) which constitute the Golden Horseshoe metropolitan region in Canada as well as urban areas of Buffalo (919,000; 984 km2) and Rochester (723,000; 839 km2) in the United States.
  33. ^ Excludes urban area of ValparaísoViña del Mar (875,000; 161 km2).
  34. ^ Combination of Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, DentonLewisville and McKinney urbanized areas.
  35. ^ Combination of San Francisco–Oakland, San Jose, Concord, Vallejo and Livermore urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of Santa Rosa (308,000; 254 km2), Antioch (278,000; 210 km2), Salinas (185,000; 127 km2), Santa Cruz (164,000; 150 km2), Fairfield (134,000; 101 km2) and SeasideMontereyMarina (114,000; 101 km2).
  36. ^ Includes Shishi and Jinjiang within the prefecture-level city of Quanzhou.
  37. ^ Miami urbanized area. Includes former urban areas of Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach, which were combinde by the US Census Bureau into Miami in 2000.
  38. ^ Excludes urban areas of Fushun (1,412,000; 130 km2) and Tieling (325,000; 65 km2).
  39. ^ Combination of Houston and Conroe urbanized areas. Excludes urban area of Texas City (106,000; 197 km2).
  40. ^ Includes Xianyang which has been excluded in the 2010 edition.
  41. ^ Excludes urban area of Johor Bahru (1,640,000; 712 km2) in Malaysia and urban area of Batam (900,000; 218 km2) in Indonesia.
  42. ^ The population is higher than other agglomeration estimates (such as the United Nations), which does not include all of the continuously developed urban area, which stretches into Como, Lecco and Varese provinces. Excludes Bergamo which has been included in the 2007 edition (4,950,000; 3,043 km2 in total).
  43. ^ Include communities under the authority of the Town Council.
  44. ^ a b The US Census Bureau combines Washington and Baltimore into a single metropolitan area (consolidated area) but Demographia considers the two (same with Washington, DC and Baltimore urbanized areas) as separate urban areas. Urban areas of AberdeenHavre de Grace (214,000; 339 km2), Hagerstown (183,000; 344 km2), Frederick (142,000; 189 km2), Fredericksburg (141,000; 202 km2) and Waldorf (110,000; 176 km2) are also excluded.
  45. ^ Atlanta urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of Gainesville (131,000; 326 km2) and Athens (129,000; 254 km2).
  46. ^ Excludes urban areas of Acheng (300,000; 39 km2) and Shangzhi (250,000; 18 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Harbin.
  47. ^ Combination of Boston and Nashua urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of Providence (1,187,000; 1,412 km2), Worcester (489,000; 787 km2), Barnstable (247,000; 717 km2), Manchester (159,000; 223 km2), New Bedford (149,000; 142 km2) and LeominsterFitchburg (117,000; 168 km2).
  48. ^ Excludes urban area of Feira de Santana (525,000; 78 km2).
  49. ^ Combination of Phoenix–Mesa, Avondale and Sierra Vista urbanized area.
  50. ^ Excludes urban areas of Newcastle (308,000; 292 km2), Central Coast (298,000; 401 km2) and Wollongong (246,000; 219 km2).
  51. ^ Excludes the State of the Vatican City.
  52. ^ Excludes urban area of Geelong (144,000; 115 km2).
  53. ^ Detroit urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of Toledo (508,000; 622 km2), Flint (355,000; 611 km2), Ann Arbor (308,000; 414 km2) and South Lyon (120,000; 267 km2) in the United States as well as urban area of Windsor (276,000; 176 km2) in Canada .
  54. ^ Includes Yuci District in Jinzhong which has been excluded in the 2012 edition.
  55. ^ Population centre of Montréal.
  56. ^ Excludes urban area of Zhangzhou (1,200,000; 350 km2).
  57. ^ Excludes urban areas of Ulsan (1,087,000; 104 km2) and Changwon (1,000,000; 104 km2).
  58. ^ Includes Sharjah.
  59. ^ Seattle urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of Bremerton (199,000; 352 km2), Olympia (180,000; 275 km2) and Marysville (145,000; 212 km2).
  60. ^ San Diego urbanized area. Excludes urban area of Tijuana (1,827,000; 466 km2) in Mexico.
  61. ^ Excludes urban areas of Ruian (965,000; 132 km2) and Cangnan (700,000; 65 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Wenzhou.
  62. ^ Minneapolis–St. Paul urbanized area.
  63. ^ Includes Matola.
  64. ^ Includes Az-Zarqa.
  65. ^ a b Fukuoka and Kitakyūshū are treated as separate urban areas. Some sources combine Fukuoka with Kitakyūshū (such as the United Nations), which is not a part of the continuous urbanization of Fukuoka. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  66. ^ Tampa–St. Petersburg urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of SarasotaBradenton (654,000; 847 km2), Lakeland (269,000; 378 km2), Winter Haven (201,000; 347 km2) and Spring Hill (149,000; 251 km2).
  67. ^ Denver–Aurora urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of Fort Collins (268,000; 285 km2), Greeley (121,000; 106 km2) and Boulder (116,000; 83 km2).
  68. ^ Excludes urban area of LuziâniaGama (525,000; 259 km2).
  69. ^ a b Shantou and Chaoyang–Chaonan within the prefecture-level city of Shantou are treated as separate urban areas. Likewise, urban area of Chaozhou (350,000; 85 km2) as well as urban areas of Puning (910,000; 179 km2) and Jieyang (660,000; 194 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jieyang are excluded.
  70. ^ West Midlands urban area. Excludes urban area of Coventry (359,000; 81f km2)
  71. ^ Excludes urban area of Ujjain (500,000; 41 km2).
  72. ^ Greater Manchester urban area. Excludes urban areas of Liverpool (864,000; 200 km2), Birkenhead (325,000; 88 km2), Preston (313,000; 82 km2), Blackpool (239,000; 61 km2), Wigan (175,000; 44 km2), Warrington (165,000; 45 km2), Burnley (149,000; 36 km2), Blackburn (147,000; 36 km2) and Accrington/Rossendale (125,000; 30 km2).
  73. ^ Population centre of Vancouver. Excludes urban area of Abbotsford (150,000; 158 km2).
  74. ^ St. Louis urbanized area.
  75. ^ Excludes urban areas of Amsterdam (1,050,000; 414 km2), Haarlem (450,000; 142 km2) and Utrecht (400,000; 109 km2) which constitute the Randstad metropolitan region.
  76. ^ Excludes urban area of Sumqayit (275,000; 91 km2).
  77. ^ http://web0.psa.gov.ph/content/2010-census-population-and-housing-reveals-philippine-population-9234-million
  78. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippines

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