List of urban areas by population

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This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population as of 2013/2014. The figures here have been taken from Demographia's "World Urban Areas" study.[1]

Definitions and issues[edit]

For more details on definitions, see World's largest cities.

Demographia defines an urban area (urbanized area agglomeration or urban centre) as a continuously built up land mass of urban development that is within a labor market (i.e. metropolitan area or metropolitan region), without regard for administrative boundaries (i.e. municipality, city or commune). Except in Australia, the authorities use a minimum urban density definition of 400 persons per square kilometer (or the nearly identical 1,000 per square mile in the United States). Demographia uses maps, satellite photographs to estimate continuous urbanization. Demographia also uses small area population data, where available, to match population estimates to urbanized land area. National census authority data are presented in Australia, Canada, France, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. Census of India urban agglomerations are not used in some cases because the geographical size of constituent units (municipalities) often includes large rural (non-urban) areas.

Sources for population estimates and land area definitions are coded by letter in the Table below, respectively.

A: National census authority data agglomeration data (land area or population).
B: Demographia land area estimate based upon map or satellite photograph analysis.
C: Demographia population estimate from lower order jurisdictions, including reduction for rural areas.
D: Population estimate based upon the United Nations agglomeration estimate.
E: Demographia population estimate from national census authority data.
F: Other Demographia population estimate, such as from unofficial local reports.
L: Demographia population estimate from local authority data.
N: Combined urban area using national census authority data.
W: Population estimate based upon the World Bank Urban Area 2015 estimate.

The most reliable population estimates are A and N. Population estimates C are generally reliable. Population estimates D are less reliable, because it is sometimes difficult to determine whether the data is based upon metropolitan area, urban area populations or some other definition. Population estimates E are also less reliable, for generally these estimates are derived by subtracting estimated population for the rural parts of metropolitan areas based upon estimated urban versus rural population differentials. Population estimates coded F and L are the least reliable (e.g. Pyongyang in Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and Tunis in Tunisia).[citation needed]

The projected year (2013) population estimate is further calculated from the base year population estimate using population growth rate based upon the United Nations population growth rate with some exceptions.

The estimates are quite different from the list of World's largest urban agglomerations produced by the United Nations that reports inconsistently on urban geographic, despite its reference to agglomerations. This is evident, for example, in Manila, Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Seoul and Moscow, where the UN data are for political jurisdictions, rather than urban areas. In other cases, the UN data is for metropolitan area, which are larger than urban areas (such as in Brazil). Finally, the United Nations data is incomplete, excluding some significant urban areas (such as EssenDüsseldorf in Germany).

Urban areas are confined to a single metropolitan area or labor market area. In some cases, urban areas have virtually grown together (e.g. Taiheiyō Belt in Japan, the Pearl River Delta in the People's Republic of China and the Northeast megalopolis in the United States), yet are still considered separate urban areas.[citation needed]

Urban areas are confined to a single nation, unless there is freedom of movement (including labor) between the adjacent nations. Currently, this condition is met only between some continental nations of the European Union and Switzerland (e.g. LilleKortrijk in both France and Belgium, AachenVaals in both Germany and Netherlands, SaarbrückenForbach in both Germany and France, GenevaAnnemasse in both Switzerland and France, and BaselLörrachSaint-Louis in Switzerland, Germany and France). Thus, Detroit–Windsor in both the United States and Canada, and San Diego–Tijuana in both the United States and Mexico are not treated as single urban areas. Moreover, ShenzhenHong Kong is treated as separate urban areas, principally because labor movement between the two is limited, with the former within China and the latter a special administrative region of China.[citation needed]

According to the report, there are 875 identified urban areas in the world with 500,000 or more population as of 2013. Demographia released along with the report a disclaimer, that this list of data is compiled on best available information, that of the vary nature of which is changing rapidly and quality is improving as it becomes available, yet still remains highly variable between nations, hefty revisions are not unforeseen for the future. Appropriate caution is therefore advised.

224 Urban Areas with population of over two million.

Urban areas (population over 1,000,000)[edit]

2015
Rank[1]
2014
Rank
City Country Population Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Sources of
Pop. / Area
1 1 TokyoYokohama (Keihin)[2]  Japan 37,843,000 8,547 4,400 C / B
2 2 Jakarta (Jabodetabek)[3]  Indonesia 30,539,000 3,225 9,500 C / B
3 4 Delhi[4]  India 24,998,000 2,072 12,100 A / B
4 6 Manila (Metro Manila)[5]  Philippines 24,123,000 1,580 15,300 C / B
5 7 Karachi[6]  Pakistan 23,500,000 945 23,400 C / B
6 3 SeoulIncheon (Sudogwon)[7]  South Korea 23,480,000 2,266 10,400 C / B
7 5 Shanghai[8]  China 23,416,000 3,280 6,100 L / B
8 11 Beijing[9]  China 21,009,000 3,820 5,500 L / B
9 8 New York City[10]  United States 20,630,000 11,642 1,800 N / N
10 12 GuangzhouFoshan (Guangfo)[11]  China 20,597,000 3,432 6,000 C / B
11 9 São Paulo[12]  Brazil 20,365,000 2,707 7,500 C / B
12 10 Mexico City (Valley of Mexico)[13]  Mexico 20,063,000 2,072 9,700 C / B
13 13 Mumbai [14]  India 17,712,000 546 32,400 C / B
14 14 OsakaKobeKyoto (Keihanshin)[15]  Japan 17,444,000 3,212 5,400 C / B
15 15 Lagos[16]  Nigeria 17,060,307 907 14,500 D / B
16 15 Moscow[17]  Russia 16,170,000 4,662 3,500 C / B
17 20 Dhaka[18]  Bangladesh 15,669,000 360 43,500 C / B
18 16 Greater Cairo  Egypt 15,600,000 1,761 8,900 C / B
19 17 Los Angeles[19]  United States 15,058,000 6,299 2,400 N / N
20 19 Bangkok  Thailand 14,998,000 2,590 5,800 C / B
21 18 Kolkata  India 14,667,000 1,204 12,200 A / B
22 21 Buenos Aires[20]  Argentina 14,122,000 2,681 5,300 C / B
23 22 Tehran[21]  Iran 13,532,000 1,489 9,100 C / B
24 23 Istanbul  Turkey 13,287,000 1,360 9,800 C / B
25 24 Shenzhen[11]  China 12,084,000 1,748 6,900 C / B
26 26 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 11,727,000 2,020 5,800 C / B
27 31 Kinshasa[22]  Democratic Republic of the Congo 11,587,000 583 19,900 D / B
28 32 Tianjin[23]  China 10,920,000 2,007 5,400 F / B
29 27 Paris  France 10,858,000 2,845 3,800 A / A
30 30 Lima  Peru 10,750,000 919 11,700 C / B
31 39 Chengdu  China 10,376,000 1,541 6,700 C / B
32 29 London[24]  United Kingdom 10,236,000 1,738 5,900 A / A
33 28 Nagoya (Chūkyō)[25]  Japan 10,177,000 3,885 2,600 C / B
34 42 Lahore  Pakistan 10,052,000 790 12,700 F / B
35 35 Bengaluru  India 9,807,000 1,166 8,400 A / B
36 33 Chennai  India 9,714,000 971 10,000 A / B
37 34 Chicago[26]  United States 9,156,000 6,856 1,300 N / N
38 36 Bogotá  Colombia 8,991,000 492 18,300 C / B
39 37 Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)  Vietnam 8,957,000 1,489 6,000 C / B
40 41 Hyderabad  India 8,754,000 1,230 7,100 A / B
41 38 Dongguan[11]  China 8,442,000 1,619 5,200 C / B
42 43 JohannesburgEast Rand[27]  South Africa 8,432,000 2,590 3,300 C / B
43 44 Wuhan  China 7,509,000 1,166 6,400 L / B
44 40 Taipei[28]  Taiwan 7,438,000 1,140 6,500 C / B
45 50 Hangzhou[8]  China 7,275,000 1,217 6,000 C / B
46 46 Hong Kong[11]  Hong Kong 7,246,000 275 26,400 C / B
47 48 Chongqing[29]  China 7,217,000 932 7,700 C / B
48 47 Ahmedabad  India 7,186,000 350 20,600 A / B
49 49 Kuala Lumpur (Klang Valley)[30]  Malaysia 7,088,000 1,943 3,600 C / B
50 57 Quanzhou[31]  China 6,710,000 1,529 4,400 C / B
51 45 EssenDüsseldorf (Ruhr Area)[32]  Germany 6,679,000 2,655 2,500 C / B
52 51 Baghdad  Iraq 6,625,000 673 9,800 D / B
53 52 Toronto[33]  Canada 6,456,000 2,287 2,800 N / N
54 53 Santiago[34]  Chile 6,225,000 984 6,300 C / B
55 55 DallasFort Worth[35]  United States 6,174,000 5,175 1,200 N / N
56 54 Madrid  Spain 6,171,000 1,321 4,700 C / B
57 59 Nanjing[8]  China 6,155,000 1,269 4,800 L / B
58 60 Shenyang[36]  China 6,078,000 1,010 6,000 C / B
59 65 Xi'anXianyang[37]  China 5,977,000 932 6,400 C / B
60 56 San FranciscoSan Jose[38]  United States 5,929,000 2,797 2,100 N / N
61 64 Luanda  Angola 5,899,000 894 6,600 C / B
62 85 QingdaoJimo  China 5,816,000 1,489 3,900 C / B
63 63 Houston[39]  United States 5,764,000 4,644 1,200 N / N
63 58 Miami[40]  United States 5,764,000 3,209 1,800 A / A
65 74 Bandung  Indonesia 5,695,000 466 12,200 C / B
66 69 Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 5,666,000 1,502 3,800 C / B
67 67 Pune  India 5,631,000 479 11,800 A / B
68 66 Singapore[41]  Singapore 5,624,000 518 10,900 A / B
69 62 Philadelphia[10]  United States 5,570,000 5,131 1,100 A / A
70 73 Surat  India 5,447,000 233 23,400 A / B
71 68 Milan[42]  Italy 5,257,000 1,891 2,800 C / B
72 86 Suzhou[8]  China 5,246,000 1,127 4,700 C / B
73 71 Saint Petersburg[43]  Russia 5,126,000 1,347 3,800 C / B
74 70 Khartoum  Sudan 5,125,000 932 5,500 D / B
75 75 Atlanta[44]  United States 5,015,000 6,851 700 A / A
76 89 ZhengzhouXingyang  China 4,942,000 829 6,000 C / B
77 72 Washington, D.C.[45]  United States 4,889,000 3,424 1,400 A / A
78 76 Surabaya  Indonesia 4,881,000 673 7,200 C / B
79 82 Harbin[46]  China 4,815,000 570 8,500 C / B
80 79 Abidjan  Ivory Coast 4,800,000 324 14,800 D / B
80 77 Yangon (Rangoon)  Burma 4,800,000 544 8,800 D / B
82 84 Nairobi  Kenya 4,738,000 557 8,500 C / B
83 78 Barcelona  Spain 4,693,000 1,075 4,400 C / B
84 79 Alexandria  Egypt 4,689,000 293 16,000 C / B
85 113 Kabul  Afghanistan 4,635,000 259 17,900 D / B
86 81 Guadalajara  Mexico 4,603,000 751 6,100 C / B
87 87 Ankara  Turkey 4,538,000 660 6,900 C / B
88 61 Belo Horizonte  Brazil 4,517,000 1,088 4,200 C / B
89 83 Boston[47]  United States 4,478,000 5,325 800 N / N
90 120 Xiamen[48]  China 4,420,000 583 7,600 C / B
91 96 Kuwait City  Kuwait 4,283,000 712 6,000 C / B
92 104 Dar es Salaam  Tanzania 4,219,000 570 7,400 C / B
93 91 Phoenix[49]  United States 4,194,000 3,196 1,300 N / N
94 98 Dalian  China 4,183,000 777 5,400 C / B
95 95 Accra  Ghana 4,145,000 971 4,300 C / B
96 88 Monterrey  Mexico 4,083,000 894 4,600 C / B
97 93 Berlin  Germany 4,069,000 1,347 3,000 C / B
98 93 Sydney[50]  Australia 4,036,000 2,037 2,000 A / A
99 107 Fuzhou  China 3,962,000 440 9,000 C / B
100 196 Medan  Indonesia 3,942,000 479 8,200 C / B
101 122 Dubai[51]  United Arab Emirates 3,933,000 1,347 2,900 C / B
102 100 Melbourne[52]  Australia 3,906,000 2,543 1,500 A / A
102 97 Rome[53]  Italy 3,906,000 1,114 3,500 C / B
102 121 Busan[54]  South Korea 3,906,000 401 9,700 C / B
105 108 Cape Town  South Africa 3,812,000 816 4,700 C / B
106 112 Jinan  China 3,789,000 725 5,200 C / B
107 123 Ningbo[8]  China 3,753,000 738 5,100 C / B
108 169 Hanoi  Vietnam 3,715,000 466 8,000 C / B
109 103 Naples  Italy 3,706,000 1,023 3,600 C / B
110 109 TaiyuanYuci[55]  China 3,702,000 518 7,100 C / B
111 118 Jeddah  Saudi Arabia 3,677,000 842 4,400 C / B
112 101 Detroit[56]  United States 3,672,000 3,463 1,100 A / A
113 110 Hefei  China 3,665,000 725 5,100 C / B
114 128 Changsha  China 3,657,000 622 5,900 C / B
115 118 KunmingAnning  China 3,649,000 712 5,100 C / B
116 116 Wuxi[8]  China 3,597,000 738 4,900 C / B
117 102 Medellín  Colombia 3,568,000 228 15,700 C / B
118 132 Faisalabad  Pakistan 3,560,000 181 19,600 D / B
118 126 Aleppo  Syria 3,560,000 259 13,700 D / B
120 105 Kano  Nigeria 3,550,000 251 14,100 D / B
121 115 Montreal[57]  Canada 3,536,000 1,546 2,300 A / A
122 125 Dakar  Senegal 3,520,000 194 18,100 D / B
123 111 Athens  Greece 3,484,000 583 6,000 C / B
124 147 Changzhou[11]  China 3,425,000 829 4,100 C / B
125 114 Durban (eThekwini)  South Africa 3,421,000 1,062 3,200 C / B
126 92 Porto Alegre  Brazil 3,413,000 803 4,300 C / B
127 131 Jaipur  India 3,409,000 414 8,200 A / B
128 105 Fortaleza  Brazil 3,401,000 518 6,600 C / B
129 129 Addis Ababa  Ethiopia 3,376,000 440 7,700 C / B
130 130 Changchun  China 3,368,000 531 6,300 C / B
131 141 Shijiazhuang  China 3,367,000 518 6,500 C / B
132 98 Recife  Brazil 3,347,000 414 8,100 C / B
133 137 Mashhad  Iran 3,294,000 298 11,100 C / B
134 133 Seattle[58]  United States 3,218,000 2,616 1,200 A / A
135 136 Casablanca  Morocco 3,211,000 272 11,800 C / B
136 90 Salvador[59]  Brazil 3,190,000 350 9,100 C / B
137 149 Ürümqi  China 3,184,000 492 6,500 C / B
137 144 Lucknow  India 3,184,000 324 9,800 A / B
139 138 Chittagong  Bangladesh 3,176,000 111 28,500 C / B
140 151 Wenzhou[60]  China 3,169,000 324 9,800 C / B
141 133 Ibadan  Nigeria 3,160,000 466 6,800 D / B
142 148 İzmir  Turkey 3,112,000 298 10,400 C / B
143 127 Curitiba  Brazil 3,102,000 842 3,700 C / B
144 139 San Diego[61]  United States 3,086,000 1,896 1,600 A / A
145 166 Yaoundé  Cameroon 3,060,000 231 13,300 D / B
146 187 ZhangjiagangJiangyinJingjiang[11]  China 3,056,000 673 4,500 C / B
147 141 Kanpur  India 3,037,000 207 14,700 A / B
148 192 Zhongshan[11]  China 3,031,000 686 4,400 C / B
149 163 Sana'a  Yemen 2,980,000 223 13,400 D / B
150 117 Tel Aviv  Israel 2,979,000 479 6,200 C / B
151 155 Guiyang  China 2,955,000 324 9,100 C / B
152 162 Douala  Cameroon 2,940,000 205 14,400 D / B
153 146 Taichung  Taiwan 2,935,000 492 6,000 C / B
154 165 Pretoria (Tshwane)[27]  South Africa 2,927,000 1,230 2,400 C / B
155 194 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic 2,925,000 298 9,800 D / B
156 150 Hyderabad  Pakistan 2,920,000 73 40,300 C / B
157 124 Caracas  Venezuela 2,861,000 295 9,700 C / B
158 140 Pyongyang  North Korea 2,850,000 176 16,200 D / B
159 154 Kalyan[14]  India 2,841,000 93 30,500 C / B
160 200 Asunción  Paraguay 2,827,000 648 4,400 C / B
161 157 MinneapolisSaint Paul[62]  United States 2,771,000 2,647 1,000 A / A
162 171 Lanzhou  China 2,703,000 259 10,400 C / B
163 202 Ouagadougou  Burkina Faso 2,700,000 466 5,800 D / B
163 180 Guayaquil  Ecuador 2,700,000 220 12,300 D / B
165 164 Nagpur  India 2,668,000 246 10,800 A / B
166 158 Lisbon  Portugal 2,666,000 958 2,800 C / B
167 215 Baku[63]  Azerbaijan 2,661,000 1,101 2,400 C / B
168 213 RotterdamThe Hague[64]  Netherlands 2,660,000 984 2,700 C / B
169 168 Campinas  Brazil 2,645,000 932 2,800 C / B
170 197 Manchester[65]  United Kingdom 2,639,000 630 4,200 A / A
171 175 Nanchang  China 2,637,000 544 4,800 C / B
172 170 TampaSt. Petersburg[66]  United States 2,621,000 2,479 1,100 A / A
173 159 Maputo[67]  Mozambique 2,615,000 414 6,300 C / B
174 153 Kaohsiung  Taiwan 2,599,000 363 7,200 C / B
175 145 Algiers  Algeria 2,590,000 453 5,700 D / B
175 191 Nanning  China 2,590,000 306 8,500 C / B
177 160 Sapporo  Japan 2,570,000 622 4,100 D / B
178 156 Damascus  Syria 2,560,000 181 14,100 D / B
179 173 Denver[68]  United States 2,559,000 1,730 1,500 A / A
180 179 Brasília[69]  Brazil 2,536,000 673 3,800 C / B
181 176 Cebu City (Metro Cebu)  Philippines 2,535,000 207 12,200 C / B
182 167 Fukuoka[70]  Japan 2,525,000 531 4,800 C / B
183 190 Birmingham[71]  United Kingdom 2,512,000 599 4,200 A / A
184 135 RawalpindiIslamabad  Pakistan 2,510,000 427 5,900 D / B
185 143 Kumasi  Ghana 2,500,000 337 7,400 C / B
185 203 Bamako  Mali 2,500,000 311 8,000 D / B
187 197 Coimbatore  India 2,481,000 285 8,700 A / B
188 161 Amman[72]  Jordan 2,468,000 344 7,200 C / B
189 211 Linyi  China 2,465,000 907 2,700 C / B
190 185 Port-au-Prince  Haiti 2,332,000 171 14,300 D / B
190 183 Abuja  Nigeria 2,440,000 225 10,800 D / B
192 182 Shantou[73]  China 2,419,000 363 6,700 C / B
193 193 Indore[74]  India 2,405,000 272 8,800 A / B
194 218 Antananarivo  Madagascar 2,398,000 220 10,900 C / B
195 212 Kozhikode (Calicut)  India 2,394,000 119 20,100 A / B
196 189 Isfahan  Iran 2,392,000 350 6,800 C / B
197 201 ChaoyangChaonan[73]  China 2,391,000 272 8,800 C / B
198 178 Daegu  South Korea 2,382,000 246 9,700 C / B
199 221 Tangshan[23]  China 2,378,000 277 8,600 C / B
200 199 Kochi (Cochin)  India 2,374,000 440 5,400 A / B
201 174 Cali  Colombia 2,357,000 189 12,500 C / B
202 217 Shaoxing[11]  China 2,350,000 479 4,900 C / B
203 224 Port Harcourt[21]  Nigeria 2,340,000 158 14,800 D / B
204 206 Vancouver[75]  Canada 2,313,000 2,878 5,249 A / A
205 243 Huai'an  China 2,282,000 148 15,500 C / B
206 195 Baltimore[45]  United States 2,263,000 1,857 1,200 A / A
207 186 Tashkent  Uzbekistan 2,250,000 531 4,200 D / B
208 152 Kiev  Ukraine 2,241,000 544 4,100 D / B
209 244 Thrissur  India 2,236,000 363 6,200 A / B
210 225 Hohhot  China 2,219,000 401 5,500 C / B
211 287 Harare  Zimbabwe 2,203,000 829 2,700 C / B
212 209 Patna  India 2,200,000 142 15,400 A / B
212 222 Beirut  Lebanon 2,200,000 673 3,300 D / B
214 227 Las Vegas  United States 2,191,000 1,080 2,000 A / A
215 172 KatowiceGliwiceTychy (Silesian Metropolis)  Poland 2,190,000 673 3,300 C / B
215 245 Lusaka  Zambia 2,190,000 179 12,300 D / B
217 208 St. Louis[76]  United States 2,186,000 2,393 900 A / A
218 205 Colombo  Sri Lanka 2,180,000 223 9,800 C / B
219 220 Baotou  China 2,159,000 376 5,700 C / B
220 207 San Juan  Puerto Rico 2,139,000 2,246 1,000 A / A
221 215 Havana  Cuba 2,130,000 285 7,500 D / B
222 240 Gujranwala  Pakistan 2,120,000 148 14,400 D / B
222 284 Mogadishu  Somalia 2,120,000 91 23,400 D / B
224 210 Goiânia  Brazil 2,117,000 699 3,000 C / B
225 258 Santa Cruz de la Sierra  Bolivia 2,110,000 596 3,500 C / B
226 268 Malappuram  India 2,108,000 324 6,500 A / B
227 219 CologneBonn[32]  Germany 2,104,000 932 2,300 C / B
228 228 Brussels  Belgium 2,089,000 803 2,600 C / B
229 181 Puebla  Mexico 2,088,000 440 4,700 C / B
230 252 Hamburg  Germany 2,087,000 777 2,700 C / B
231 226 Bhopal  India 2,075,000 181 11,400 A / B
232 281 Kannur  India 2,047,000 91 22,600 A / B
233 230 Orlando  United States 2,040,000 1,958 1,000 N / N
234 184 Maracaibo  Venezuela 2,037,000 407 5,000 C / B
235 263 Handan  China 2,000,000 168 11,900 C / B
235 269 Lubumbashi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,000,000 155 12,900 D / B
235 324 Mbuji-Mayi  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,000,000 122 16,400 D / B
238 234 Brisbane  Australia 1,999,000 1,972 1,000 A / A
239 177 Tunis  Tunisia 1,990,000 363 5,500 D / B
240 291 Haikou  China 1,981,000 311 6,400 C / B
240 335 Munich  Germany 1,981,000 466 4,200 C / B
242 223 Kitakyūshū[70]  Japan 1,980,000 492 4,000 C / B
243 214 Belém  Brazil 1,979,000 259 7,600 C / B
244 232 Portland  United States 1,976,000 1,357 1,500 A / A
244 241 San Antonio  United States 1,976,000 1,546 1,300 A / A
246 248 Tijuana  Mexico 1,968,000 466 4,200 D / B
247 235 Vadodara  India 1,963,000 137 14,300 A / B
248 239 Lomé  Togo 1,941,000 207 9,400 F / B
249 257 Luoyang  China 1,939,000 220 8,800 C / B
250 249 Agra  India 1,938,000 130 15,000 A / B
251 247 Conakry  Guinea 1,930,000 161 12,000 D / B
251 250 Kampala  Uganda 1,930,000 492 3,900 D / B
253 256 Thiruvananthapuram  India 1,921,000 142 13,500 A / B
254 188 Frankfurt  Germany 1,915,000 648 3,000 C / B
255 241 Minsk  Belarus 1,910,000 324 5,900 D / B
255 251 Visakhapatnam  India 1,910,000 181 10,500 A / B
257 254 La Paz  Bolivia 1,907,000 272 7,000 C / B
258 238 Multan  Pakistan 1,900,000 207 9,200 D / B
259 232 Manaus  Brazil 1,893,000 324 5,800 C / B
259 304 Sargodha  Pakistan 1,893,000 488 3,900 A / A
261 253 Sacramento  United States 1,885,000 1,220 1,500 A / A
262 259 Toluca  Mexico 1,878,000 272 6,900 D / B
263 267 Shiraz  Iran 1,873,000 246 7,600 C / B
264 230 Bucharest  Romania 1,860,000 285 6,500 D / B
265 272 Brazzaville  Republic of the Congo 1,850,000 181 10,200 D / B
266 237 Rabat  Morocco 1,845,000 184 10,000 C / B
267 262 Bursa  Turkey 1,839,000 207 8,900 C / B
268 356 Yogyakarta  Indonesia 1,831,000 233 7,900 C / B
269 316 Adana  Turkey 1,830,000 161 11,400 D / B
270 294 Kunshan  China 1,815,000 557 3,300 C / B
271 255 Cleveland  United States 1,783,000 1,999 900 A / A
272 261 Vienna  Austria 1,763,000 453 3,900 C / B
272 332 Huizhou  China 1,763,000 207 8,500 C / B
274 278 Perth  Australia 1,751,000 1,566 1,100 A / A
275 285 Nashik  India 1,749,000 111 15,700 A / B
276 229 Barranquilla  Colombia 1,748,000 179 9,800 C / B
277 290 Peshawar  Pakistan 1,730,000 117 14,800 D / B
277 260 Pittsburgh  United States 1,730,000 2,344 700 A / A
279 271 Phnom Penh  Cambodia 1,729,000 220 7,900 D / B
280 274 Quito  Ecuador 1,720,000 479 3,600 D / B
280 266 Warsaw  Poland 1,720,000 544 3,200 D / B
282 301 Vijayawada  India 1,715,000 57 30,100 A / B
283 272 Ludhiana  India 1,714,000 168 10,200 A / B
284 264 Budapest  Hungary 1,710,000 894 1,900 D / B
285 288 Datong  China 1,709,000 181 9,400 C / B
286 - YiwuDongyang  China 1,704,000 233 7,300 C / B
287 277 Montevideo  Uruguay 1,700,000 259 6,600 D / B
288 279 Tabriz  Iran 1,693,000 168 10,100 C / B
289 283 Johor Bahru  Malaysia 1,688,000 712 2,400 C / B
290 286 Cincinnati  United States 1,682,000 2,041 800 A / A
291 298 Mosul  Iraq 1,675,000 140 12,000 D / B
292 265 Santos  Brazil 1,653,000 298 5,500 C / B
293 298 Mecca  Saudi Arabia 1,647,000 389 4,200 C / B
294 293 Zibo  China 1,646,000 350 4,700 C / B
295 - Homs  Syria 1,640,000 83 19,800 D / B
296 282 Jilin  China 1,633,000 194 8,400 C / B
297 246 Semarang  Indonesia 1,630,000 272 6,000 D / B
297 312 Davao City  Philippines 1,630,000 130 12,600 D / B
299 432 Amsterdam  Netherlands 1,624,000 505 3,200 C / B
300 307 Indianapolis  United States 1,617,000 1,829 900 A / A
301 314 Austin  United States 1,616,000 1,355 1,200 A / A
302 270 Yinchuan  China 1,614,000 342 4,700 C / B
303 315 Gwangju  South Korea 1,601,000 127 12,600 D / B
304 325 Weifang  China 1,595,000 246 6,500 C / B
305 302 Kansas City  United States 1,593,000 1,756 900 A / A
306 300 Córdoba  Argentina 1,585,000 363 4,400 C / B
306 - Taizhou (Zhejiang)  China 1,585,000 233 6,800 C / B
308 302 Lyon  France 1,583,000 1,178 1,300 C / B
309 308 Madurai  India 1,582,000 75 21,100 A / B
310 - General Santos  Philippines 1,579,000 75 21,000 C / B
311 319 Liuzhou  China 1,574,000 207 7,600 C / B
312 320 Rajkot  India 1,568,000 75 20,900 A / B
313 - Doha  Qatar 1,564,000 583 2,700 C / B
313 309 Daejeon  South Korea 1,564,000 132 11,800 C / B
315 295 Yangzhou  China 1,561,000 233 6,700 C / B
315 - Valencia  Spain 1,561,000 272 5,700 C / B
317 349 ZhuhaiMacau  China 1,547,000 272 5,700 C / B
318 313 Meerut  India 1,541,000 104 14,900 A / B
319 311 Varanasi  India 1,536,000 101 15,200 A / B
320 344 Charlotte  United States 1,535,000 1,919 800 A / A
321 310 Turin  Italy 1,521,000 376 4,100 C / B
322 333 Yantai  China 1,520,000 262 5,800 C / B
323 297 AnshanLiaoyang  China 1,516,000 363 4,200 C / B
324 326 Almaty  Kazakhstan 1,500,000 420 3,600 D / B
325 204 Panama City  Panama 1,498,000 220 6,800 C / B
326 370 Cixi  China 1,490,000 414 3,600 C / B
326 322 Benin City  Nigeria 1,490,000 228 6,500 D / B
328 317 Novosibirsk  Russia 1,486,000 622 2,400 C / B
329 291 Makassar  Indonesia 1,484,000 179 8,300 C / B
329 323 Stockholm  Sweden 1,484,000 382 3,900 A / A
331 328 Columbus  United States 1,481,000 1,321 1,100 A / A
332 236 Valencia  Venezuela 1,477,000 363 4,100 C / B
333 329 Porto  Portugal 1,474,000 777 1,900 C / B
334 276 León  Mexico 1,469,000 233 6,300 C / B
335 389 Putian  China 1,468,000 453 3,200 C / B
336 318 Virginia Beach-Norfolk  United States 1,463,000 1,334 1,100 A / A
337 366 Wuhu  China 1,456,000 161 9,100 C / B
338 330 Jamshedpur  India 1,443,000 109 13,300 A / B
339 321 Kharkiv  Ukraine 1,440,000 466 3,100 D / B
340 306 Palembang  Indonesia 1,434,000 220 6,500 C / B
341 370 Zhangzhou  China 1,410,000 350 4,000 C / B
342 339 Srinagar  India 1,409,000 127 11,100 A / B
343 331 Milwaukee  United States 1,408,000 1,414 1,000 A / A
344 375 Anyang  China 1,401,000 181 7,700 C / B
345 - Jiangmen  China 1,399,000 350 4,000 C / B
346 296 Marseille  France 1,397,000 453 3,100 C / B
347 368 Gaziantep  Turkey 1,394,000 114 12,200 C / B
348 334 Ciudad Juárez  Mexico 1,391,000 324 4,300 D / B
349 349 Stuttgart  Germany 1,379,000 479 2,900 C / B
350 340 Hiroshima  Japan 1,377,000 285 4,800 C / B
351 337 Yekaterinburg  Russia 1,361,000 518 2,600 C / B
352 344 Auckland  New Zealand 1,356,000 544 2,500 C / B
353 407 Kollam  India 1,351,000 181 7,500 A / B
354 370 Xining  China 1,345,000 189 7,100 C / B
355 397 Changshu  China 1,344,000 321 4,200 C / B
356 - Manama  Bahrain 1,340,000 389 3,400 C / B
357 340 Jabalpur  India 1,339,000 91 14,800 A / B
358 348 Rosario  Argentina 1,338,000 233 5,700 C / B
359 389 Penang  Malaysia 1,336,000 298 4,500 C / B
360 381 Raipur  India 1,329,000 111 11,900 A / B
361 354 Torreón  Mexico 1,327,000 168 7,900 D / B
362 327 Fushun  China 1,324,000 130 10,200 C / B
362 360 Aurangabad  India 1,324,000 73 18,300 A / B
364 - Surakarta  Indonesia 1,318,000 207 6,400 C / B
365 346 Asansol  India 1,315,000 65 20,300 A / B
365 361 Ahvaz  Iran 1,315,000 233 5,600 C / B
367 353 Prague  Czech Republic 1,310,000 285 4,600 D / B
368 359 Xuzhou  China 1,301,000 233 5,600 C / B
369 343 Baoding  China 1,297,000 220 5,900 C / B
370 351 Allahabad  India 1,294,000 124 10,400 A / B
371 363 Guatemala City  Guatemala 1,289,000 298 4,300 C / B
372 338 Sendai  Japan 1,277,000 324 3,900 C / B
373 346 Yerevan  Armenia 1,274,000 324 3,900 F / B
374 376 Jodhpur  India 1,266,000 83 15,300 A / B
375 362 Amritsar  India 1,264,000 98 12,800 A / B
376 382 Huambo  Angola 1,260,000 130 9,700 D / B
376 438 N'Djamena  Chad 1,260,000 166 7,600 D / B
378 357 Dhanbad  India 1,258,000 96 13,100 A / B
379 - Wenling  China 1,250,000 117 10,700 C / B
380 393 Querétaro  Mexico 1,249,000 150 8,300 C / B
381 365 Copenhagen  Denmark 1,248,000 453 2,800 A / A
382 379 Ranchi  India 1,246,000 57 21,900 A / B
383 367 Qiqihar  China 1,241,000 130 9,600 C / B
384 - Cochabamba  Bolivia 1,238,000 254 4,900 C / B
385 415 Ulan Bator  Mongolia 1,237,000 233 5,300 C / B
386 384 Durg-Bhilai  India 1,235,000 114 10,800 A / B
387 383 Medina  Saudi Arabia 1,233,000 350 3,500 C / B
388 418 Chifeng  China 1,230,000 85 14,400 E / B
388 - Hama  Syria 1,230,000 52 23,700 D / B
390 369 Glasgow  United Kingdom 1,220,000 368 3,300 D / A
391 355 Tainan  Taiwan 1,216,000 207 5,900 C / B
392 451 Port Elizabeth  South Africa 1,212,000 389 3,100 C / B
393 - Weihai  China 1,208,000 109 11,100 C / B
393 387 Helsinki  Finland 1,208,000 641 1,900 A / A
393 388 Gwalior  India 1,208,000 57 21,200 A / B
396 428 Dongying  China 1,206,000 220 5,500 C / B
397 358 Nizhny Novgorod  Russia 1,201,000 622 1,900 C / B
397 377 Providence  United States 1,201,000 1,412 900 A / A
399 378 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,195,000 207 5,800 D / B
400 405 Fes  Morocco 1,193,000 83 14,400 C / B
401 436 Jiaxing  China 1,192,000 181 6,600 C / B
402 424 Konya  Turkey 1,190,000 130 9,200 D / B
403 404 Calgary  Canada 1,189,000 704 1,700 A / A
404 451 Hamamatsu  Japan 1,187,000 259 4,600 C / B
405 440 Nantong  China 1,184,000 264 4,500 C / B
406 413 Xiangyang  China 1,183,000 135 8,800 C / B
407 409 Kathmandu    Nepal 1,180,000 60 19,600 D / B
407 411 Belgrade  Serbia 1,180,000 233 5,100 D / B
409 392 Vasai-Virar  India 1,179,000 91 13,000 A / B
410 - Tiruppur  India 1,177,000 104 11,400 A / B
411 - Denpasar  Indonesia 1,175,000 179 6,600 C / B
412 - Marrakesh  Morocco 1,173,000 80 14,600 C / B
413 275 Vitória  Brazil 1,172,000 337 3,500 C / B
414 342 São Luís  Brazil 1,171,000 427 2,700 C / B
415 304 San José  Costa Rica 1,170,000 337 3,500 D / B
416 385 Samara  Russia 1,162,000 376 3,100 D / B
417 394 Dublin  Ireland 1,160,000 453 2,600 D / B
417 408 Mandalay  Burma 1,160,000 85 13,600 D / B
417 396 Kazan  Russia 1,160,000 492 2,400 D / B
420 395 Zhangjiakou  China 1,156,000 130 8,900 C / B
421 391 Omsk  Russia 1,154,000 492 2,300 C / B
421 411 Jacksonville  United States 1,154,000 1,373 800 A / A
423 - Kananga  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,150,000 54 21,100 D / B
423 421 Erbil  Iraq 1,150,000 75 15,300 D / B
423 400 Chelyabinsk  Russia 1,150,000 583 2,000 D / B
426 - Cirebon  Indonesia 1,143,000 106 10,800 C / B
427 406 Huainan  China 1,142,000 109 10,500 C / B
427 - Batam  Indonesia 1,142,000 207 5,500 C / B
429 403 Adelaide  Australia 1,140,000 852 1,300 A / A
430 435 Kota  India 1,138,000 62 18,300 A / B
431 438 San Luis Potosí  Mexico 1,137,000 132 8,600 D / B
432 399 Maracay  Venezuela 1,135,000 220 5,200 C / B
433 - Rui'an  China 1,134,000 132 8,600 C / B
434 - Lianyungang  China 1,128,000 155 7,300 C / B
435 402 Tbilisi  Georgia 1,125,000 194 5,800 D / B
436 422 Chandigarh  India 1,124,000 259 4,300 A / B
437 429 Kigali  Rwanda 1,121,000 114 9,800 C / B
438 400 Tegucigalpa  Honduras 1,120,000 98 11,400 D / B
439 440 Huaibei  China 1,116,000 91 12,300 C / B
439 429 Mombasa  Kenya 1,116,000 85 13,100 D / B
441 - Malang  Indonesia 1,114,000 246 4,500 D / B
442 429 Mérida  Mexico 1,111,000 207 5,400 D / B
443 386 Tripoli  Libya 1,110,000 194 5,700 D / B
444 - Seville  Spain 1,107,000 272 4,100 C / B
445 420 Memphis  United States 1,102,000 1,287 900 A / A
446 - Tengzhou  China 1,101,000 114 9,700 C / B
446 442 Qom  Iran 1,101,000 117 9,400 C / B
449 280 San Salvador  El Salvador 1,100,000 155 7,100 D / B
449 - Pekanbaru  Indonesia 1,100,000 67 16,300 D / B
449 451 Monrovia  Liberia 1,100,000 194 5,700 D / B
449 - Onitsha  Nigeria 1,100,000 148 7,500 D / B
449 - Quetta  Pakistan 1,100,000 124 8,800 D / B
454 444 Bareilly  India 1,094,000 83 13,200 A / B
455 423 Bahawalpur  Pakistan 1,090,000 228 4,800 D / B
455 373 Niamey  Niger 1,090,000 130 8,400 C / B
455 416 Rostov-on-Don  Russia 1,090,000 414 2,600 D / B
458 419 Jiamusi  China 1,089,000 80 13,600 C / B
459 - Raleigh  United States 1,085,000 1,342 800 A / A
459 425 Salt Lake City  United States 1,089,000 720 1,500 A / A
461 447 Nashville  United States 1,081,000 1,458 700 A / A
462 443 Mysore  India 1,078,000 91 11,900 A / B
463 434 Sialkot  Pakistan 1,074,000 104 10,400 C / B
464 - Antalya  Turkey 1,070,000 181 5,900 D / B
465 336 Natal  Brazil 1,064,000 246 4,300 C / B
466 374 João Pessoa  Brazil 1,052,000 194 5,400 C / B
466 - Fuzhou (Jiangxi)  China 1,052,000 67 15,600 C / B
468 - Puning  China 1,043,000 179 5,800 C / B
469 - Zhanjiang  China 1,042,000 83 12,600 C / B
470 - Qinhuangdao  China 1,041,000 155 6,700 C / B
470 - Zhucheng  China 1,041,000 145 7,200 C / B
472 - Edmonton  Canada 1,040,000 855 1,200 A / A
473 - Yichang  China 1,039,000 65 16,000 C / B
473 447 Guwahati  India 1,039,000 70 14,900 A / B
475 410 Naypyidaw  Burma 1,030,000 233 4,400 D / H
476 398 Bucaramanga  Colombia 1,029,000 60 17,300 C / B
477 436 Zaria  Nigeria 1,025,000 88 11,600 F / B
477 - Louisville  United States 1,025,000 1,235 800 A / A
479 446 Ufa  Russia 1,024,000 168 6,100 C / B
480 - Huzhou  China 1,021,000 111 9,200 C / B
481 - Aligarh  India 1,020,000 41 24,600 A / B
481 - Aguascalientes  Mexico 1,020,000 106 9,600 D / B
481 289 Kaduna  Nigeria 1,020,000 153 6,700 D / B
484 - Dammam  Saudi Arabia 1,019,000 971 1,000 C / B
485 432 Lille  France 1,018,000 280 3,600 C / B
485 - Mexicali  Mexico 1,018,000 202 5,000 D / B
485 - Richmond  United States 1,018,000 1,274 800 A / A
488 449 Odessa  Ukraine 1,010,000 207 4,900 D / B
489 - Antwerp  Belgium 1,008,000 635 1,600 C / B
490 - Xiangtan  China 1,007,000 130 7,800 C / B
490 - Zhuzhou  China 1,007,000 155 6,500 C / B
490 - Naha  Japan 1,007,000 285 3,500 C / B
493 - Moradabad  India 1,004,000 52 19,400 A / B
494 379 Khulna  Bangladesh 1,000,000 70 14,300 C / B
494 - Kisangani  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,000,000 57 17,600 D / B
494 - Basra  Iraq 1,000,000 158 6,300 D / B
494 - Sulaymaniyah  Iraq 1,000,000 62 16,100 D / B
494 - Freetown  Sierra Leone 1,000,000 91 11,000 D / B

Number of urban areas by country in 2015[edit]

Country Urban Areas
Over 500,000[1]
Urban Areas
Over 1,000,000[1]
Urban Areas
Over 2,000,000[1]
Urban Areas
Over 5,000,000[1]
World 1,009 498 237 75
 China 174 101 49 17
 India 93 57 23 9
 United States 74 44 22 9
 Russia 39 11 2 1
 Brazil 34 18 11 2
 Mexico 27 14 4 1
 Japan 23 10 5 3
 Indonesia 22 14 4 2
 Philippines 18 4 2 1
 Nigeria 17 9 5 1
 Germany 15 7 4 1
 Turkey 13 8 5 2
 Iran 12 7 3 1
 Pakistan 11 9 6 2
 South Korea 11 5 3 1
 United Kingdom 10 5 3 1
 France 10 4 1 1
 Ukraine 10 4 1 0
 Colombia 9 6 3 1
 Italy 9 4 3 1
 Spain 9 4 2 1
 Argentina 9 3 1 1
 Canada 8 5 3 1
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 7 5 3 1
 Venezuela 7 4 2 0
 Morocco 7 4 1 0
 Poland 7 2 1 0
 South Africa 6 5 4 1
 Saudi Arabia 6 5 2 1
 Australia 6 5 2 0
 Iraq 6 5 1 1
 Malaysia 6 3 1 1
 Taiwan 5 4 3 1
 Syria 4 4 2 0
 Bangladesh 4 3 2 1
 Egypt 4 2 2 1
 Vietnam 4 2 2 1
 Peru 4 2 0 1
 Yemen 4 1 1 0
 Kazakhstan 4 1 0 0
 Bolivia 3 3 1 0
 Burma 3 3 1 0
 Belgium 3 2 1 0
 Israel 3 2 1 0
 Ecuador 3 2 1 0
 Chile 3 1 1 1
 Ivory Coast 3 1 1 0
 Algeria 3 1 1 0
 North Korea 3 1 1 0
 Austria 3 1 0 0
  Switzerland 3 0 0 0
 Cameroon 2 2 2 0
 Ghana 2 2 2 0
 Angola 2 2 1 1
 Kenya 2 2 1 0
 Netherlands 2 2 1 0
 Portugal 2 2 1 0
 Thailand 2 1 1 1
 United Arab Emirates 2 1 1 0
 Dominican Republic 2 1 1 0
 Greece 2 1 1 0
 Senegal 2 1 1 0
 Uzbekistan 2 1 1 0
 Belarus 2 1 0 0
 Republic of the Congo 2 1 0 0
 Libya 2 1 0 0
 Sweden 2 1 0 0
 Zimbabwe 2 1 1 0
 Malawi 2 0 0 0
 Sudan 1 1 1 1
 Singapore 1 1 1 1
 Afghanistan 1 1 1 0
 Azerbaijan 1 1 1 0
 Burkina Faso 1 1 1 0
 Cuba 1 1 1 0
 Ethiopia 1 1 1 0
 Haiti 1 1 1 0
 Jordan 1 1 1 0
 Kuwait 1 1 1 0
 Lebanon 1 1 1 0
 Sri Lanka 1 1 1 0
 Madagascar 1 1 1 0
 Mali 1 1 1 0
 Mozambique 1 1 1 0
 Somalia 1 1 1 0
 Tanzania 1 1 1 0
 Zambia 1 1 1 0
 Armenia 1 1 0 0
 Bulgaria 1 1 0 0
 Costa Rica 1 1 0 0
 Czech Republic 1 1 0 0
 Denmark 1 1 0 0
 Finland 1 1 0 0
 Georgia 1 1 0 0
 Guinea 1 1 0 0
 Guatemala 1 1 0 0
 Honduras 1 1 0 0
 Hungary 1 1 0 0
 Ireland 1 1 0 0
 Cambodia 1 1 0 0
 Liberia 1 1 0 0
 Mongolia 1 1 0 0
 Niger 1 1 0 0
   Nepal 1 1 0 0
 New Zealand 1 1 0 0
 Romania 1 1 0 0
 Rwanda 1 1 0 0
 El Salvador 1 1 0 0
 Serbia 1 1 0 0
 Chad 1 1 0 0
 Togo 1 1 0 0
 Tunisia 1 1 0 0
 Uganda 1 1 0 0
 Uruguay 1 1 0 0
 Albania 1 0 0 0
 Benin 1 0 0 0
 Bahrain 1 1 0 0
 Central African Republic 1 0 0 0
 Djibouti 1 0 0 0
 Eritrea 1 0 0 0
 Gabon 1 0 0 0
 Gambia 1 0 0 0
 Croatia 1 0 0 0
 Jamaica 1 0 0 0
 Kyrgyzstan 1 0 0 0
 Laos 1 0 0 0
 Lithuania 1 0 0 0
 Latvia 1 0 0 0
 Moldova 1 0 0 0
 Macedonia 1 0 0 0
 Mauritania 1 0 0 0
 Nicaragua 1 0 0 0
 Norway 1 0 0 0
 Oman 1 0 0 0
 Qatar 1 1 0 0
 Sierra Leone 1 0 0 0
 Tajikistan 1 0 0 0
 Turkmenistan 1 0 0 0
 Trinidad and Tobago 1 0 0 0

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Demographia (January 2015). Demographia World Urban Areas (PDF) (11th ed.). Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  2. ^ Includes large areas of Tokyo, Kanagawa, Chiba and Saitama prefectures and small areas of Gunma, Tochigi and Ibaraki prefectures. Excludes urban areas of Utsunomiya (500,000; 119 km2) and Mito (500,000; 246 km2).
  3. ^ Various international sources limit their population estimates to DKI Jakarta itself (the national capital district). However, the urbanization of Jakarta extends into the regencies of Tangerang, Bekasi, Bogor and Karawang and the separate cities of Bekasi, Depok and Bogor. Excludes urban areas of Karawang (650,000; 207 km2) and Serang (525,000; 65 km2).
  4. ^ Includes Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Noida, Gurgaon and Bahadurgarh. Excludes uran area of Meerut (1,489,000; 104 km2).
  5. ^ The population is higher than other agglomeration estimates (such as the United Nations), tend to be limited to Metro Manila, which is a province level jurisdiction. The continuous urbanization of Manila extends outward into Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Batangas provinces. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  6. ^ "Population explosion: Put an embargo on industrialisation in Karachi". http://tribune.com.pk. 6 October 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Includes satellite cities in Gyeonggi Province such as Suwon, Goyang, Seongnam, Bucheon and Ansan which are treated as separate urban agglomerations by the United Nations. Excludes urban area of Cheonan (500,000; 57 km2) in Chungcheongnam-do.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Ningbo, Changzhou, Shaoxing, and urban area of Zhangjiaggang-Jiangyin within the prefecture-level cities of Suzhou and Wuxi are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Yangtze River Delta economic zone. Huai'an (1,856,000; 148 km2), Xuzhou (1,246,000; 233 km2), Nantong (1,036,000; 233 km2), Lianyungang (985,000; 155 km2), Zhenjiang (983,000; 168 km2), Yancheng (797,000; 207 km2), Huzhou (690,000; 111 km2), Taizhou (in Jiangsu Province; 300,000; 117 km2) and Suqian (220,000; 36 km2), as well as urban areas of Yangzhou (1,593,000; 233 km2) and Gaoyou (180,000; 39 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Yangzhou, urban areas of Kunshan (1,596,000; 492 km2), Changshu (1,139,000; 285 km2) and Taicang (523,000; 117 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Suzhou, urban areas of Cixi (1,200,000; 298 km2) and Yuyao (650,000; 122 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Ningbo, urban areas of Jiaxing (1,044,000; 259 km2) and Tongxiang (510,000; 52 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jiaxing, urban areas of Wenling (510,000; 52 km2), Jiaojiang (375,000; 41 km2) and Huangyan (200,000; 34 km2) within the prefectrure-level city of Taizhou (in Zhejiang Province), urban areas of Zhuji (500,000; 117 km2) and Shangyu (400,000; 158 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Shaoxing, urban areas of Yiwu-Dongyang (925,000; 233 km2), Jinhua (520,000; 186 km2), Yongkang (500,000; 223 km2), Dongyang (260,000; 104 km2) and Lanxi (220,000; 34 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jinhua, and urban area of Fuyang (450,000; 49 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Hangzhou are also excluded.
  9. ^ Excludes urban areas of Baoding (1,283,000; 220 km2), Zhangjiakou (1,322,000; 220 km2) and Chengde (108,000; 23 km2).
  10. ^ a b Demographia defines urban area of New York as a combination of New York–Newark, BridgeportStamford, New Haven, Trenton, Danbury and Twin Rivers urbanized areas. New York and Philadelphia (same with Philadelphia urbanized area) are treated as separate urban areas. Urban areas of Hartford (925,000; 1,336 km2), AllentownBethlehem (665,000; 896 km2), Springfield (621,000; 904 km2), Harrisburg (446,000; 673 km2), Poughkeepsie (427,000; 847 km2), Lancaster (405,000; 642 km2), Reading (284,000; 269 km2), Atlantic City (250,000; 324 km2), York (235,000; 342 km2), NorwichNew London (209,000; 394 km2), Waterbury (195,000; 233 km2) and Pottstown (108,000; 205 km2) are also excluded.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Hong Kong in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Shenzhen are treated as separate urban areas because of the lack of freedom of labor movement without trade, immigration or customs barriers. Guangzhou–Foshan, Shenzhen, Dongguan and Zhongshan are also treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Pearl River Delta economic zone. While Guangzhou and Foshan are combined into a single urban area because they have become more economically integrated than the other urban areas, other areas in the Pearl River Delta economic region remain classified as separate urban areas. Thus, urban areas of Huizhou (1,387,000; 168 km2), Zhuhai (1,274,000; 246 km2) and Zhaoqing (500,000; 65 km2) as well as urban areas of Jiangmen (920,000; 259 km2) and Taishan (204,000; 44 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen, urban area of Lishui (300,000; 44 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Foshan and urban are of Macau (560,000; 21 km2) in the Macau Special Administrative Region are excluded. Urban area of Guangzhou–Foshan includes Shunde within the prefecture-level city of Foshan, which has been excluded in the 2011 edition. Urban area of Shenzhen includes Huiyang within the prefecture-level city of Huizhou, which has been excluded in the 2010 edition. Urban area of Huizhou includes only Huicheng District. The Demographia estimate for Dongguan is lower than last year, because local estimates previously used were higher than reported in the 2010 census.
  12. ^ Includes Francisco Morato. Excludes urban area of Santos (1,716,000; 207 km2).
  13. ^ Excludes urban areas of Toluca (1,747,000; 220 km2) and Cuernavaca (675,000; 171 km2).
  14. ^ a b Mumbai and Kalyan are treated as separate urban areas, although the census of India classifies Kalyan within the Mumbai agglomeration. Kalyan is excluded by Demographia because of the lack of continuous urbanization with Mumbai. Urban area of Mumbai includes Panvel and Navi Mumbai, but excludes urban area of VasaiVirar (1,147,000; 91 km2) and Bhiwandi (737,000; 52 km2), which have been included in the 2011 edition. A large part of the municipality of Mumbai is rural, composed of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park and thus not included in the urban area.
  15. ^ Includes Nara and Himeji. United Nations estimates separate Osaka–Kobe and Kyoto and exclude both Nara and Himeji. Excludes urban area of Ōtsu (775,000; 303 km2) and Wakayama (430,000; 91 km2).
  16. ^ "Local Government Lagos – Population (2006)". Lagos Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  17. ^ The population estimate is suspect, due to the lack of readily available data for local areas outside the city jurisdiction (Moscow Oblast). Demographia is indebted to Richard Forstall, who has provided local authority area population data for portions of Moscow Oblast within the Moscow urban areas. Other estimates (such as the United Nations estimate) include only the municipality of Moscow, which includes only part of the urban footprint. Includes ElektrostalNoginsk within Moscow Oblast, which has been excluded in the 2011 edition.
  18. ^ Includes urban area of Narayanganj which has been excluded in the 2011 edition.
  19. ^ Combination of Los Angeles–Long BeachSanta Ana, RiversideSan Bernardino and Mission Viejo urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of TemeculaMurrieta (472,000; 420 km2), IndioPalm Springs (370,000; 373 km2), Oxnard (369,000; 218 km2), LancasterPalmdale (358,000; 300 km2), VictorvilleHesperiaApple Valley (350,000; 433 km2), Santa Clarita (272,000; 199 km2), Thousand Oaks (216,000; 223 km2), Santa Barbara (196,000; 145 km2), Hemet (163,000; 127 km2) and Simi Valley (126,000; 80 km2).
  20. ^ Excludes urban area of La Plata (675,000; 228 km2) which has been included in the 2007 edition.
  21. ^ a b Includes Eslamshahr and Karaj which has been excluded in the 2012 edition.
  22. ^ Excludes urban area of Brazzaville (1,685,000; 181 km2) in the Republic of the Congo.
  23. ^ a b Tianjin and Tangshan are treated as separate urban areas. Urban areas of Cangzhou (500,000; 130 km2) and Langfang (465,000; 130 km2) as well as urban area of Qian'an (400,000; 168 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Tangshan are also excluded. The population of the urban area of Tianjin is lower than other estimates (such as the United Nations), which include metropolitan area population not within the continuously developed urban area. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of sub-municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  24. ^ Greater London urban area. Excludes urban areas of Reading (318,000; 84 km2), Southend-on-Sea (295,000; 72 km2), Aldershot (252,000; 79 km2), Luton (258,000; 51 km2), Medway (244,000; 52 km2), Crawley (181,000; 58 km2), Slough (164,000; 34 km2), Basildon (145,000; 37 km2), High Wycombe (133,000; 39 km2), Chelmsford (112,000; 26 km2) and Maidstone (108,000; 25 km2).
  25. ^ Includes Toyohashi.
  26. ^ Combination of Chicago, Kenosha and Round Lake BeachMcHenryGrayslake urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of Milwaukee (1,388,000; 1,414 km2), Rockford (301,000; 396 km2), South Bend (278,000; 417 km2), Elkhart (144,000; 238 km2) and Racine (134,000; 127 km).
  27. ^ a b Johannesburg–East Rand and Pretoria are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Vaal Triangle. Urban area of Vereeninging (Emfuleni) (650,000; 337 km2) is also excluded.
  28. ^ The population is higher than other estimates (such as the United Nations), which do not include all population within the continuously developed urban area (especially in New Taipei City). Includes Taoyuan and Jhongli (Chungli) which have been excluded in the 2010 edition. Excludes urban area of Hsinchu (650,000; 117 km2).
  29. ^ Excludes urban area of Wanzhou (Wanxian) (500,000; 41 km2) within the municipality of Chongqing. The direct-controlled municipality of Chongqing, which is sometimes translated as the direct-controlled city of Chongqing, has the largest population of any organism called a city in the stretches far beyond any reasonable definition of a metropolitan area.
  30. ^ The population is higher than other agglomeration estimates (such as the United Nations), which does not include all of the continuously developed urban area in the state of Selangor. Continuous urbanization extends well beyond the municipality of Kuala Lumpur, for example to Port Klang and the area represents a single labor market (metropolitan area). The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration). Excludes urban area of Seremban (500,000; 155 km2).
  31. ^ Includes Shishi and Jinjiang within the prefecture-level city of Quanzhou.
  32. ^ a b Essen–Düsseldorf and Cologne–Bonn are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area. Excludes urban area of AachenVaals (585,000; 401 km2) in both Germany and the Netherlands.
  33. ^ Combination of population centres of Toronto, Hamilton and Oshawa. Excludes urban areas of Kitchener (445,000; 313 km2), London (366,000; 223 km2), St. Catharines (309,000; 378 km2), Barrie (167,000; 171 km2) and Guelph (122,000; 78 km2) which constitute the Golden Horseshoe metropolitan region in Canada as well as urban areas of Buffalo (919,000; 984 km2) and Rochester (723,000; 839 km2) in the United States.
  34. ^ Excludes urban area of ValparaísoViña del Mar (875,000; 161 km2).
  35. ^ Combination of Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, DentonLewisville and McKinney urbanized areas.
  36. ^ Excludes urban areas of Fushun (1,412,000; 130 km2) and Tieling (325,000; 65 km2).
  37. ^ Includes Xianyang which has been excluded in the 2010 edition.
  38. ^ Combination of San Francisco–Oakland, San Jose, Concord, Vallejo and Livermore urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of Santa Rosa (308,000; 254 km2), Antioch (278,000; 210 km2), Salinas (185,000; 127 km2), Santa Cruz (164,000; 150 km2), Fairfield (134,000; 101 km2) and SeasideMontereyMarina (114,000; 101 km2).
  39. ^ Combination of Houston and Conroe urbanized areas. Excludes urban area of Texas City (106,000; 197 km2).
  40. ^ Miami urbanized area. Includes former urban areas of Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach, which were combinde by the US Census Bureau into Miami in 2000.
  41. ^ Excludes urban area of Johor Bahru (1,640,000; 712 km2) in Malaysia and urban area of Batam (900,000; 218 km2) in Indonesia.
  42. ^ The population is higher than other agglomeration estimates (such as the United Nations), which does not include all of the continuously developed urban area, which stretches into Como, Lecco and Varese provinces. Excludes Bergamo which has been included in the 2007 edition (4,950,000; 3,043 km2 in total).
  43. ^ Include communities under the authority of the Town Council.
  44. ^ Atlanta urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of Gainesville (131,000; 326 km2) and Athens (129,000; 254 km2).
  45. ^ a b The US Census Bureau combines Washington and Baltimore into a single metropolitan area (consolidated area) but Demographia considers the two (same with Washington, DC and Baltimore urbanized areas) as separate urban areas. Urban areas of AberdeenHavre de Grace (214,000; 339 km2), Hagerstown (183,000; 344 km2), Frederick (142,000; 189 km2), Fredericksburg (141,000; 202 km2) and Waldorf (110,000; 176 km2) are also excluded.
  46. ^ Excludes urban areas of Acheng (300,000; 39 km2) and Shangzhi (250,000; 18 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Harbin.
  47. ^ Combination of Boston and Nashua urbanized areas. Excludes urban areas of Providence (1,187,000; 1,412 km2), Worcester (489,000; 787 km2), Barnstable (247,000; 717 km2), Manchester (159,000; 223 km2), New Bedford (149,000; 142 km2) and LeominsterFitchburg (117,000; 168 km2).
  48. ^ Excludes urban area of Zhangzhou (1,200,000; 350 km2).
  49. ^ Combination of Phoenix–Mesa, Avondale and Sierra Vista urbanized area.
  50. ^ Excludes urban areas of Newcastle (308,000; 292 km2), Central Coast (298,000; 401 km2) and Wollongong (246,000; 219 km2).
  51. ^ Includes Sharjah.
  52. ^ Excludes urban area of Geelong (144,000; 115 km2).
  53. ^ Excludes the State of the Vatican City.
  54. ^ Excludes urban areas of Ulsan (1,087,000; 104 km2) and Changwon (1,000,000; 104 km2).
  55. ^ Includes Yuci District in Jinzhong which has been excluded in the 2012 edition.
  56. ^ Detroit urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of Toledo (508,000; 622 km2), Flint (355,000; 611 km2), Ann Arbor (308,000; 414 km2) and South Lyon (120,000; 267 km2) in the United States as well as urban area of Windsor (276,000; 176 km2) in Canada .
  57. ^ Population centre of Montréal.
  58. ^ Seattle urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of Bremerton (199,000; 352 km2), Olympia (180,000; 275 km2) and Marysville (145,000; 212 km2).
  59. ^ Excludes urban area of Feira de Santana (525,000; 78 km2).
  60. ^ Excludes urban areas of Ruian (965,000; 132 km2) and Cangnan (700,000; 65 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Wenzhou.
  61. ^ San Diego urbanized area. Excludes urban area of Tijuana (1,827,000; 466 km2) in Mexico.
  62. ^ Minneapolis–St. Paul urbanized area.
  63. ^ Excludes urban area of Sumqayit (275,000; 91 km2).
  64. ^ Excludes urban areas of Amsterdam (1,050,000; 414 km2), Haarlem (450,000; 142 km2) and Utrecht (400,000; 109 km2) which constitute the Randstad metropolitan region.
  65. ^ Greater Manchester urban area. Excludes urban areas of Liverpool (864,000; 200 km2), Birkenhead (325,000; 88 km2), Preston (313,000; 82 km2), Blackpool (239,000; 61 km2), Wigan (175,000; 44 km2), Warrington (165,000; 45 km2), Burnley (149,000; 36 km2), Blackburn (147,000; 36 km2) and Accrington/Rossendale (125,000; 30 km2).
  66. ^ Tampa–St. Petersburg urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of SarasotaBradenton (654,000; 847 km2), Lakeland (269,000; 378 km2), Winter Haven (201,000; 347 km2) and Spring Hill (149,000; 251 km2).
  67. ^ Includes Matola.
  68. ^ Denver–Aurora urbanized area. Excludes urban areas of Fort Collins (268,000; 285 km2), Greeley (121,000; 106 km2) and Boulder (116,000; 83 km2).
  69. ^ Excludes urban area of LuziâniaGama (525,000; 259 km2).
  70. ^ a b Fukuoka and Kitakyūshū are treated as separate urban areas. Some sources combine Fukuoka with Kitakyūshū (such as the United Nations), which is not a part of the continuous urbanization of Fukuoka. The Demographia population estimate is a “build-up” of municipality population within the continuously developed area (urban area or agglomeration).
  71. ^ West Midlands urban area. Excludes urban area of Coventry (359,000; 81f km2)
  72. ^ Includes Az-Zarqa.
  73. ^ a b Shantou and Chaoyang–Chaonan within the prefecture-level city of Shantou are treated as separate urban areas. Likewise, urban area of Chaozhou (350,000; 85 km2) as well as urban areas of Puning (910,000; 179 km2) and Jieyang (660,000; 194 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jieyang are excluded.
  74. ^ Excludes urban area of Ujjain (500,000; 41 km2).
  75. ^ Population centre of Vancouver. Excludes urban area of Abbotsford (150,000; 158 km2).
  76. ^ St. Louis urbanized area.

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