List of variations on a theme by another composer

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Many classical and later composers have written compositions in the form of variations on a theme by another composer.

This is an incomplete list of such works, sorted by the name of the original composer. The list does not include variations written on composers' own or original themes, or on folk, traditional or anonymous melodies.

Many of these works are called simply "Variations on a Theme of/by ...". Other works, which often involve substantial development or transformation of the base material, may have more fanciful titles such as Caprice, Fantasy, Paraphrase, Reminiscences, Rhapsody, etc. These other types of treatments are not listed here unless there is evidence that they include variations on a theme.

Contents

Adam de la Halle[edit]

  • Rolande Falcinelli: Variations sur un rondeau d'Adam de la Halle (from 14 Études insérées dans l'Initation à l'orgue)

Adolphe Adam[edit]

Dionisio Aguado y García[edit]

Antoine Albanèse (1729/31–1800)[edit]

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart:
    • 12 Variations in G on "La Bergère Célimène", K. 374a (violin and piano)
    • Variations in G on "Hélas, j'ai perdu mon amant" (recte "Au bord d'une fontaine"), K. 374b (violin and piano)

Charles-Valentin Alkan[edit]

  • Ronald Stevenson: Le Festin d'Alkan RSS 337 (piano; 1988–97). The third movement consists of multiple variations on themes by Alkan. The composer's note states "This work encapsulates my idea that composition, transcription and variation are all essentially the same thing".[1][2]

Alexander Alyabyev[edit]

  • Mikhail Glinka: Variations on "The Nightingale" in E minor (piano; 1833)

Louis Angely[edit]

  • Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Variations brillantes on Das Fest der Handwerken, Op. 115 (piano and orchestra; 1830)

Thomas Arne[edit]

Daniel Auber[edit]

  • Carl Czerny:
    • Brilliant variations on the Tyrolean theme from La fiancée, Op. 228 (piano 6-hands)
    • Variations brillantes sur le duo favori "Dépéchons, travaillons" ("Ohne Rast, angefasst") de l'opéra Le Maçon (piano 4-hands)
    • Grandes variations di bravura on Fra Diavolo, Op.232 (piano solo)
  • César Franck: Variations brillantes sur la ronde favorite de Gustave III (piano and orchestra; 1834/35)
  • Henri Herz:
    • Variations concertantes sur la tyrolienne favorite de La fiancée, Op. 56 (violin and piano)
    • Variations concertantes sur la barcarolle favorite de Fra Diavolo, Op. 59 (violin and piano)
    • Variations concertantes sur la marche favorite du Philtre (Der Liebestrank), Op. 70 (piano 4-hands)
    • Variations et rondo sur Le lac des fées, Op. 114
    • Fantaisie et variations brillantes sur des motifs de La sirene

Marx Augustin[edit]

  • Henri Herz: Variations sur l'air allemand "O Mein lieber Augustin" (piano 4-hands)
  • Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Variations on "O du lieber Augustin" in C major, S. 47, WoO 2 (orchestra)
  • Franz Krommer: Variations on "Oh du lieber Augustin" in D major, Op. 59, P IX:10 (flute quartet)
  • Paul Wranitzky:
    • Variations on "Oh du lieber Augustin" (xylophone, strings, trumpet and drums)
    • Variations on "Oh du lieber Augustin" (orchestra)

Johann Sebastian Bach[edit]

  • Elliot del Borgo: Chorale Paraphrase - based upon the chorale "Sleepers Awake" (concert band; 1999)
  • Edison Denisov: "Es ist genug" ("It is Enough"): Variations on the Theme of Bach's Chorale (viola and piano, 1984; viola, flute, oboe, celeste and string quintet, 1986)
  • Charlotte Hampe: Variations on a Chorale of Johann Sebastian Bach (violin and viola; 1982)[3]
  • Richard Kearns:
    • Variation on an Invention by J. S. Bach (winds; brass)
    • Variations on Fugue BVW 1080
    • Variation on a Theme by Bach ("Playing a round with Bach")
  • Giorgi Latso: Variations on a Theme of J. S. Bach
  • Franz Liszt: Variations on a Theme from Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen, S.180 (piano; 1862), based on BWV 12
  • Max Reger: Variations and Fugue on a Theme of Bach, Op. 81 (piano; 1904)
  • Marga Richter: Variations and Interludes on Themes from Monteverdi and Bach (concerto for violin, cello, piano and large orchestra; 1992)
  • Robert Simpson: Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Bach (strings; 1991)
  • Reginald Smith Brindle: Variants on Two Themes of J. S. Bach (guitar; 1970)
  • Ronald Stevenson: 18 Variations on a Bach Chorale (piano; 1946)
  • Alexander Winkler: Variations and Fugue on a Theme by J. S. Bach, in E♭ major for 2 pianos, Op. 12 (1906)

Béla Bartók[edit]

  • Reena Esmail: Il giuoco del "giuoco delle coppie": Variations on a Theme of Béla Bartók (piano; 2004)
  • Ivo Petrić: Variations on a Theme of Bartók (viola and piano; 1954)

Antoine-Laurent Baudron[edit]

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: 12 Variations in E-flat major on the Romance "Je suis Lindor" from Le barbier de Seville, K. 354 (piano)

Arnold Bax[edit]

  • Ronald Stevenson: Fugue, Variations and Epilogue on a Theme of Bax (piano; 1982–83; 2003)

Ludwig van Beethoven[edit]

  • Edwin Carr: 6 Variations on a Theme by Beethoven (piano; 1992)
  • Carl Czerny: Variations on the Beloved "Sehnsucht Waltz" by Beethoven
  • Stephen Heller:
    • 33 Variations on a Theme of Beethoven, Op. 130
    • 21 Variations on a Theme of Beethoven, Op. 133
  • Ilja Hurník: Variations on a Theme of Beethoven (viola and piano; 1998)
  • Friedrich Kuhlau:
    • 9 Variations on "Heart, My Heart, What Is Giving?" (Op. 75/2), Op. 72a (piano 4-hands; 1826)
    • Variations on "The Quails Beating" (WoO 129), Op. 75 (piano 4-hands; 1826)
    • Variations on "The Luck of Life" (Op. 88), Op. 76 (piano 4-hands; 1826)
    • Variations on "Longing" (Op. 83/2), Op. 77 (piano 4-hands; 1826)
  • Max Reger: Variations and Fugue on a theme of Beethoven (orchestra or for two pianos)
  • Rudolf, Archduke of Austria: Forty Variations on a Theme by Beethoven (piano, on "O Hoffnung", WoO 200)
  • Camille Saint-Saëns: Variations on a Theme of Beethoven, Op. 35 (2 pianos; 1874; on the Trio from movement III, Menuetto, of Piano Sonata No. 18, Op. 31/3)
  • Franz Schmidt: Concertante Variations on a Theme of Beethoven (piano left hand and orchestra; 1923)
  • Robert Schumann:
    • Studies in the Form of Free Variations on a Theme by Beethoven, WoO. 31 (piano)
    • Variations on a Theme by Beethoven (unpub.)
  • Peter Sculthorpe:
    • Beethoven Variations (versions for didgeridoo and orchestra; orchestra with optional didgeridoo; 2003)
  • Robert Simpson: Variations and Finale on a Theme by Beethoven (piano; 1990)
  • Rafał Stradomski: Beethoven Variations (piano; 2008)

Jack Behrens[edit]

  • Godfrey Ridout: Ontario Variations: 4 Variations on a Theme by Jack Behrens (piano; 1979)

Vincenzo Bellini[edit]

Alban Berg[edit]

  • T. J. Anderson: Variations on a Theme by Alban Berg (viola and piano; 1977)
  • Ross Lee Finney: Variations on a Theme by Alban Berg (piano; 1977, on the opening theme of the Violin Concerto)

Luciano Berio[edit]

  • Carlos Stella: Pastiches, Parodies and Variations on two themes by Stravinsky and Berio (piccolo clarinet, trombone, xylorimba and vibraphone)

Hector Berlioz[edit]

  • Walter Braunfels: Phantastiche Erscheinungen eines Themas von Hector Berlioz ( Fantastic Appearances of a Theme by Berlioz), Op. 25, for symphony orchestra (1914–1917; the theme is the "Song of the Flea" from La damnation de Faust)
  • Roland Stevenson: Variations vocalises sur deux thèmes de Les Troyens (mezzo-soprano and orchestra; 1969)
  • John Scott Whiteley: Variations on a Theme of Berlioz, Op. 1 (organ; 1973/84)

Leonard Bernstein[edit]

  • John Williams: “For New York" (Variations on theme by Leonard Bernstein) (1988)

Henri Montan Berton[edit]

Francesco Bianchi[edit]

Sir Henry Bishop[edit]

Georges Bizet[edit]

François-Adrien Boieldieu and Sophie Gail[edit]

  • Henri Herz: Variations brillantes sur l'air favori "Ma Fanchette est charmante" (from Angéla, ou L'atelier de Jean Cousin), Op. 10

Johannes Brahms[edit]

Frank Bridge[edit]

Benjamin Britten[edit]

  • Gary Kulesha: Variations on a Theme by Benjamin Britten (2003)

Friedrich Burgmüller[edit]

  • Henri Herz: Variations caractéristiques sur un thème arabe ("Pas de l'abeille", de La péri), Op. 137

William Byrd[edit]

  • Sérgio Azevedo: The Leaves Be Greene: Simple Variations on a Ground of William Byrd (viola and strings; 2000)

Antonio de Cabezón[edit]

  • Manuel Ponce: Variations on a Theme of Cabezón (guitar; 1948)

André Campra[edit]

Luigi Carlini[edit]

  • Mikhail Glinka: Variations on Two Themes from the ballet Chao-Kang in D major (piano; 1831)

Thomas of Celano (disputed author of the words)[edit]

Luigi Cherubini[edit]

Frédéric Chopin[edit]

Muzio Clementi[edit]

  • Boris Blacher: Variations on a Theme of Muzio Clementi (piano and orchestra; 1961)

Henri Cliquet-Pleyel[edit]

Arcangelo Corelli[edit]

Louis Couperin[edit]

Nicolas Dalayrac[edit]

Franz Danzi[edit]

  • Louis Spohr: Fantasy and Variations on a Theme by Danzi, Op. 81 (clarinet and string orchestra; c. 1811)[8]

Claude Debussy[edit]

Edison Denisov[edit]

  • Yuri Kasparov: Beyond the Time: Variations on a Theme of Denisov (14 performers; 1998)

Nicolas Dezède[edit]

Anton Diabelli[edit]

Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf[edit]

  • Ludwig van Beethoven: 13 Variations on the aria "Es war einmal ein alter Mann" from Das rote Käppchen, WoO 66 (piano)
  • Anton Reicha: Variations on a Theme of Dittersdorf (cello and orchestra)

Gaetano Donizetti[edit]

The Doors[edit]

John Dowland[edit]

Ernst Christoph Dressler[edit]

Guillaume Dufay[edit]

  • Arnold Cooke: Variations on a Theme of Dufay (orchestra; 1969)

Jean-Pierre Duport[edit]

Antonín Dvořák[edit]

  • Oskar Nedbal: Variations on a Theme by Antonín Dvořák, Op. 1 (piano)

Werner Egk[edit]

  • Jan Koetsier: Introduction and Variations on a Theme from Die Zaubergeige, Op. 82, No. 3 (viola and piano; 1978)

Johann Christian Fischer[edit]

Stephen Foster[edit]

King Frederick II "The Great" of Prussia[edit]

Girolamo Frescobaldi[edit]

  • Karl Höller: Symphonic Variations (or Symphonic Fantasy) on a Theme of Girolamo Frescobaldi, Op. 20 (1935, rev. 1956, 1965)
  • Theophil Laitenberger: Variations on a Theme after Frescobaldi (viola and piano or organ; 1978)
  • Ennio Morricone: Variations on a Theme by Frescobaldi (piano; 1955)

Baron von Fricken[edit]

Sophie Gail[edit]

Count Wenzel Robert von Gallenberg (1783–1839)[edit]

  • Carl Czerny: Introduction et variations faciles sur un walse de Mr. le Comte de Gallenberg, Op. 87 (piano 4-hands; 1825)
  • Louise Farrenc: Grand variations on a Theme by Count Gallenberg, Op. 25 (piano and orchestra)

Noel Gay[edit]

George Gershwin[edit]

Reinhold Glière[edit]

Mikhail Glinka[edit]

Christoph Willibald Gluck[edit]

Sir Eugene Goossens[edit]

Louis Moreau Gottschalk[edit]

  • John Diercks: Variations on a Theme of Gottschalk (tuba and piano)

Christian Ernst Graf[edit]

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: 8 Variations in G major on the Dutch song "Laat ons Juichen, Batavieren!", K. 24 (piano)

Alexander Gretchaninov[edit]

  • Alan Theisen: Variations on a Theme of Gretchaninov (2001; rev. 2005)
  • Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji: Variazioni sopra il Credo in qualsiasi modo del Gretchaninoff (the second movement of Sorabji's Opusculum clavisymphonicum vel claviorchestrale)

André Grétry[edit]

Edvard Grieg[edit]

  • Alistair Hinton: Variations and Fugue on a theme of Grieg, Op. 16 (piano, 1970–78; on "The Death of Ase" from Peer Gynt)[9]
  • Nikolai Myaskovsky: The final movement of his String Quartet No. 3 is a set of variations on a theme of Grieg
  • Maurice Ravel: Variations on a Theme of Grieg ("The Death of Ase" from Peer Gynt; piano; 1888)

Jakob Haibel[edit]

  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Twelve variations on the "Menuet à la Vigano" from the ballet Le nozze disturbate, WoO 68 (piano)

Fromental Halévy[edit]

  • Stephen Heller: La dame de pique. Romance variée sur l'opéra de Halévy, Op. 75, No. 2

George Frideric Handel[edit]

Howard Hanson[edit]

  • Samuel Jones: A Symphonic Requiem: Variations on a Theme of Howard Hanson

Karl Amadeus Hartmann[edit]

  • John McCabe: Variations on a Theme by Karl Amadeus Hartmann (orchestra; 1964)

Joseph Haydn[edit]

  • Johannes Brahms: Variations on a Theme by Haydn, (Op. 56a, orchestra; Op. 56b, 2 pianos; 1873; also known as Variations on the St. Anthony Chorale; the theme is probably not by Haydn, but possibly by Ignaz Pleyel)
  • Carl Czerny:
  • Josef Gelinek: Andante tres favorit de Josph Haydn avec Variations faciles mis pour Le Piano Forte. Published Artaria, Vienna c. 1808.
  • Norman Dello Joio: Fantasies on a Theme by Haydn (concert band; 1963)
  • Jean Françaix: 11 variations sur un thème de Haydn (9 winds and double bass; 1982)
  • John McCabe: Haydn Variations (piano; 1983)
  • Niccolò Paganini: Maestoso sonata sentimentale (Variations on "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser") (1828)
  • Robert Simpson:
    • Variations and Finale on a Theme of Haydn (piano; 1948)
    • String Quartet No. 9 is subtitled "32 Variations and Fugue on a Theme of Haydn" (1982)
  • Josef Triebensee: Variations on a Theme by Haydn, for woodwind octet
  • Henryk Wieniawski: Variations on "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser", in L'école Moderne, Op. 10 (solo violin; 1853)

Ferdinand Hérold[edit]

Edward Burlingame Hill[edit]

  • Walter Piston: Variations on a Theme by E. B. Hill (orchestra; 1963)

Johann Adam Hiller[edit]

Friedrich Heinrich Himmel[edit]

  • Carl Czerny: Caprice and Variations on "An Alexis" by Himmel, Op. 62

Paul Hindemith[edit]

  • Sir William Walton: Variations on a Theme by Hindemith for orchestra (1962–1963)

Johann Nepomuk Hummel[edit]

  • Josef Gelinek: Variations on Hummel's Celebrated Waltz (piano, c. 1820)[13]
  • José Ignacio Quintón: Variations on a Theme of Hummel

Anselm Hüttenbrenner[edit]

  • Franz Schubert: 13 Variations in A minor on a Theme by Hüttenbrenner, D. 576 (piano)

Nicolas Isouard[edit]

Clément Janequin[edit]

  • Jehan Alain: Variations sur un thème de Clément Janequin (organ; 1937)

Joseph Joachim[edit]

  • Ernest Walker: Variations on a Theme by Joseph Joachim (violin and piano; 1918)

Zoltán Kodály[edit]

Jean-Baptiste Krumpholz[edit]

  • Carl Czerny: Variations concertantes on a Theme by Krumpholz, Op. 1 (piano and violin)

Johann Kuhnau[edit]

  • Hendrik Andriessen: Variations and Fugue on a Theme of Johann Kuhnau (string orchestra; 1935)

Josef Labor[edit]

  • Franz Schmidt: The finale of Schmidt's A major Clarinet Quintet is a set of Variations on a Theme by Labor

Orlande de Lassus[edit]

  • George Draga: Variations on a Theme of Orlando de Lasso (orchestra: 2007)
  • Bernhard Krol: Lassus Variations, Op. 33 (viola and harpsichord or piano, 1962)

Charles Levadé[edit]

  • Reynaldo Hahn: Variations sur un thème de Charles Levadé (piano 4-hands; 1892)

Franz Liszt[edit]

Arthur de Lulli[edit]

Jean-Baptiste Lully[edit]

  • Dieterich Buxtehude: Aria 'Rofilis' with 3 variations in D minor (on a Theme by Jean-Baptiste Lully), BuxWV 248

Martin Luther[edit]

Stanyslav Lyudkevych[edit]

  • Valeri Kikta: Romantic Variations on a Theme by Lyudkevich (harp; 1978)

Cyrus McCormick[edit]

  • Gunnar Johansen: Variations, Disguises, and Fugue, on a Merry Theme of Cyrus McCormick (orchestra; 1937; Note: McCormick was not a composer)

Sir George Macfarren[edit]

  • Dora Bright: Variations on an Original Theme of Sir G. A. Macfarren (piano duet; 1894)

Sir Alexander Mackenzie[edit]

Guillaume de Machaut[edit]

Gustav Mahler[edit]

  • Jan Klusák: Variations on a Theme of Gustav Mahler (1962)

Heinrich Marschner[edit]

  • Carl Czerny: Variations brillantes sur un thème favori de l'opéra Hans Heiling, Op. 341
  • Robert Schumann: the final section of the Symphonic Studies, Op. 13, is a variation on the Romance "Du stolzes England freue dich" (Proud England, rejoice!), from Marschner's opera Der Templer und die Jüdin; the rest of the work is a set of variations and études on a theme by Baron von Fricken, a musical amateur (piano; 1834)

Nikolai Medtner[edit]

  • Bart Berman: Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Nikolai Medtner (based on the theme in Medtner's Theme with Variations, Op. 55) (2009)

Étienne Méhul[edit]

Felix Mendelssohn[edit]

  • Franz Liszt: Grosses Konzertstück über Mendelssohns Lieder ohne Worte (Grand Concertpiece on Mendlessohn's Songs Without Words), S. 257 (2 pianos, 1834)[15]
  • Václav Trojan: Humorous Variations on the theme of the "Spring Song", Op. 62/6 (from Songs Without Words) (orchestra; 1936, revised 1971)

Giacomo Meyerbeer[edit]

Thelonious Monk[edit]

Claudio Monteverdi[edit]

  • Kit Armstrong: Variations on a Theme by Monteverdi (2007, piano)
  • Art Ensemble of Chicago: Variations sur un thème de Monteverdi (1970)
  • Marga Richter: Variations and Interludes on Themes from Monteverdi and Bach (concerto for violin, cello, piano and large orchestra; 1992)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart[edit]

Modest Mussorgsky[edit]

  • Frederick Jacobi: Variations on a Theme by Mussorgsky (cello and piano)
  • Josef Tal: Cum Mortuis In Lingua Mortua: 7 Variations on a Theme by Mussorgsky (piano; 1945)

Alonso Mudarra[edit]

  • Pedro Vilarroig: Variations on a Theme by Alonso de Mudarra (harp and string quartet)

Wenzel Müller[edit]

Neidhart von Reuental[edit]

  • Marga Richter: Variations on a Theme by Neithart von Reuenthal (piano; 1974)

Carl Nielsen[edit]

  • John Gardner: Variations on a Waltz of Carl Nielsen, Op, 13
  • Kjell Roikjer: Variations, Chorale and Fugue on a Theme by Carl Nielsen, Op.51 (4 trombones)
  • Robert Simpson: Variations on a Theme of Carl Nielsen (orchestra; 1983)
  • David Starobin: Variations on a Theme by Carl Nielsen (2010)

Jacques Offenbach[edit]

  • Hans Haug: Variations on a Theme of Jacques Offenbach (orchestra)

George Onslow[edit]

  • Louise Farrenc: Variations brillantes sur un thème du Colporteur de G. Onslow, Op. 10 (piano; ca. 1828)[4]
  • Friedrich Kuhlau:
    • 8 Variations on "For The Girls", Op. 94 (flute and piano; 1829)
    • 8 Variations on "The Book Peddler, Or The Lumberjack's Son", Op. 99 (flute and piano; 1828)

Seán Ó Riada[edit]

  • Ronald Stevenson: A Rosary of Variations on Seán Ó Riada’s Irish Folk Mass (piano; 1980)

Sergio Ortega[edit]

Johann Pachelbel[edit]

Ferdinando Paer[edit]

  • Henri Herz: Variations et finale sur un air de ballet de F. Paer, Op. 29

Niccolò Paganini[edit]

See also Variations on a Theme of Paganini (disambiguation)

Giovanni Paisiello[edit]

  • Ludwig van Beethoven:
    • 9 Variations on "Quant'e piu bello" from La molinara, WoO 69 (piano)
    • 6 Variations on "Nel cor più non mi sento" from La molinara, WoO 70 (piano)
  • Theobald Boehm: Nel cor piu, op. 4: Introduction and Variations on a Theme by Paisiello (flute and piano)
  • João Domingos Bomtempo: Introduction, 5 Variations and Fantasy on Paisiello's favorite air, Op. 6 (piano)
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: 6 Variations in F major on "Salve tu, Domine" from I filosofi immaginarii, K. 398 (piano)
  • Niccolò Paganini: Introduction, Theme and Variations from Paisiello's La bella molinara ("Nel cor più non mi sento") in G major, Op. 38

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina[edit]

  • George Draga: Variations on a Theme of Palestrina (orchestra; 2007)
  • Richard Kearns:
    • Mirate Variations
    • Donna Gentil Variations (Por y Para Palestrina)

Bernardo Pasquini[edit]

Giuseppe Persiani[edit]

  • Carl Czerny: Fantasy and Variations on Inês de Castro, Op. 377

Astor Piazzolla[edit]

  • Leo Brouwer: Variations on a Piazzolla Tango (guitar)
  • Carlos Stella: Hockney's Choclo: 10 variations, imitations and paraphrases on Piazzolla's arrangement of the tango 'El choclo' after a picture by David Hockney (accordion, piano, violin, electric guitar and bass)

Ildebrando Pizzetti[edit]

  • Ronald Stevenson:
    • Variations on a Theme of Pizzetti (piano; 1955)
    • Variations on a Theme of Pizzetti (unaccompanied violin; 1961)
    • (The above 2 works are based on the same Pizzetti theme, but are otherwise unrelated)

Ignaz Pleyel[edit]

  • Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Variations on a Rondo of Pleyel, Op. 3/1
  • Franz Krommer: Trio in F: Variations on a Theme by Pleyel (two oboes and English horn; often known as “Ben 338”)

Manuel Ponce[edit]

  • Carlos Posada: Variations on Manuel Ponce’s "Estrellita" (violin and viola; pub. 1995)

John Powell[edit]

Henry Purcell[edit]

Sergei Rachmaninoff[edit]

Jean-Philippe Rameau[edit]

Carl Reinecke[edit]

  • Reynaldo Hahn: Variations puériles sur une mélodie de Reinecke (piano 4-hands; 1905)

Django Reinhardt[edit]

  • Leo Brouwer: Variations on a Theme of Django Reinhardt (guitar; 1984)

Vincenzo Righini[edit]

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov[edit]

  • Jehan Alain:
    • Variations sur un thème donné de Rimsky-Korsakov (4 voices)
    • Variations sur un chant donné de Rimsky-Korsakov (organ)
    • Variations sur un thème donné de Rimsky-Korsakov (string quartet)
  • Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji: "Il gallo d'oro" da Rimsky-Korsakov: variazioni frivole con una fuga anarchica, eretica e perversa (variations and fugue on a theme from Le Coq d'Or)[21]

Pierre Rode[edit]

  • Carl Czerny: La Ricordanza: Variazioni sopra un tema di Rode, Op. 33 (piano)

Gioachino Rossini[edit]

  • Frédéric Chopin
    • (attributed) Variations on "Non più mesta" from La Cenerentola, B. 9, KK. Anh. Ia/5, A 1/5 (flute and piano)
  • Napoléon Coste
    • Introduction et variations sur un motif de Rossini (guitar)
  • Carl Czerny:
    • Introduction et Variations sur la marche favorite della Donna del Lago, Op. 20
    • Brilliant Variations on the favorite Tyrolienne in Guillaume Tell, Op. 220 (piano)
    • Fantasie and Variations brillantes on the March from Moises, Op. 504
  • Louise Farrenc: Variations brillantes sur un thème de La Cenerentola, Op. 5 (piano)
  • Josef Gelinek: Variations pour le Forte-Piano sur la Cavatine "Di tanti palpiti" de l' Opera Tancredi. (piano). Published by Schotts, Mainz, c. 1817.
  • Henri Herz:
    • Variations brillantes sur la cavatine favorite de Donna del Lago, Op. 17
    • Variations brillantes sur la marche favorite de Moïse, Op. 42 (violin and piano)
    • Grandes variations sur le "Choeur des Grecs" du Siège de Corinthe, Op. 36
    • Grandes variations sur une marche favorite de Guillaume Tell, Op. 50 (piano 4-hands)
    • Variations de concert sur une marche favorite de Guillaume Tell, Op. 57 (piano and orchestra)
    • Variations on "Non più mesta" from La Cenerentola, Op. 60
    • Variations on the March from Otello, Op. 67
    • Variations brillantes and Finale à la hongroise from Matilde di Shabran, Op. 77
  • Friedrich Kalkbrenner
  • Friedrich Kuhlau:
    • 4 Variations on "Give Calm, O Heaven" from Otello, Op. 58 (1823: piano 4-hands)
    • Variations on William Tell, Op. 116 (piano; 1831)
  • Franz Liszt:
    • 7 Variations brillantes sur un thème de G. Rossini, S.149 (piano; 1824?)
  • Bohuslav Martinů: Variations on a Theme of Rossini, H. 290 (cello and piano)
  • Niccolò Paganini:
    • Introduction and Variations on a Theme from Cenerentola ("Non più mesta")
    • Introduction and Variations on a Theme from Moses ("Dal tuo stellato soglio")
    • Introduction and Variations on a Theme from Tancredi ("Di tanti palpiti")

Jean-Jacques Rousseau[edit]

Camille Saint-Saëns[edit]

  • Géza Frid: Variations on "The Elephant" from The Carnival of the Animals (scordatura double bass and string orchestra, 1977)
  • Philip Sparke:
    • Symphonic Metamorphosis on themes from Saint-Saëns' 3rd Symphony (concert band; 2007)
    • Saint-Saëns Variations - A Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes from the 'Organ' Symphony (brass band; 2009)

Antonio Salieri[edit]

Giovanni Battista Sammartini[edit]

Gaspar Sanz[edit]

Giuseppe Sarti[edit]

Erik Satie[edit]

  • Israel Sharon: Variations on a Theme by Satie (piano and chamber orchestra)

Benedikt Schack[edit]

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: 8 Variations in F major on the song "Ein Weib ist das herrlichste Ding" from the Singspiel Der dumme Gartner, K 613 (piano)

Arnold Schoenberg[edit]

  • Giles Brindley: Variations on a Theme by Schoenberg
  • David Lewin: Classical Variations on a Theme by Schönberg, for cello and piano
  • Luigi Nono: Variazioni canoniche sur la serie de l'opus 41 de Schönberg for orchestra (1950)
  • Viktor Ullmann: Variationen und Doppelfuge über ein Klavierstück von Arnold Schönberg (op. 19/4), op. 3a (versions for piano; Geneva version with 5 variations 1929, Prague version with 9 variations 1933–34); as Variationen, Phantasie und Doppelfuge über ein kleines Klavierstück von A. Schönberg, op. 3b (orchestra, 1933); op. 3c (version for string quartet, 1939)

Franz Schubert[edit]

William Schuman[edit]

  • Robert Starer: The Fringes of a Ball: Waltz Variations on a Theme by William Schuman (2 pianos)

Clara Schumann (née Wieck)[edit]

Robert Schumann[edit]

  • Johannes Brahms:
    • Variations on a Theme by Robert Schumann in F-sharp minor, Op. 9 (piano solo; 1854)
    • Variations on a Theme by Robert Schumann, Op. 23 (1861; piano four-hands)
  • Vincenzo di Donato: Variations on a Theme of Robert Schumann (viola or cello and piano; 1921)
  • Stephen Heller: Variations on a Theme of Schumann, Op. 142
  • Robert E. Jager: Variations on a Theme by Robert Schumann (wind ensemble; 1968)
  • Maurice Ravel: Variations on a Theme of Schumann (piano; 1888; the theme was the Choral "Freu dich, o meine Seele" from Album for the Young, Op. 68)
  • Clara Schumann: Variations on a Theme of Robert Schumann, Op. 20 (1854)

Alexander Scriabin[edit]

Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji[edit]

  • Mervyn Vicars: Introduction, Variations and Fugue on a Theme of Sorabji for Pianoforte and Orchestra (1973; unpublished)[24]

Beatrice Sosnik[edit]

  • Irma Urteaga: Variations on a Theme of Beatrice Sosnik (1997)

Louis Spohr[edit]

Daniel Steibelt[edit]

  • Charles-Valentin Alkan: Variations on a Theme from Steibelt's "Orage" Concerto, Op. 1 (Note: This is the Piano Concerto No. 3 in E, subtitled "L'orage")

Johann Strauss II[edit]

Igor Stravinsky[edit]

  • Carlos Stella: Pastiches, Parodies and Variations on two themes by Stravinsky and Berio (piccolo clarinet, trombone, xylorimba and vibraphone)

Franz Xaver Süssmayr[edit]

Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck[edit]

  • John Bull: Variations on a Theme by Sweelinck
  • Karl Höller: Sweelinck Variations ("Mein junges Lebe hat ein End"), Op. 56 (1950/51)

Thomas Tallis[edit]

Francisco Tárrega[edit]

Giuseppe Tartini[edit]

  • Yuri Kasparov: Devil's Trills: Variations on a Theme of Tartini (16 performers; 1990)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky[edit]

Georg Philipp Telemann[edit]

  • Max Reger: Variations and Fugue on a theme of Telemann (piano)
  • Rafał Stradomski: Telemann Variations (harpsichord or piano or harp; 1995)

Giuseppe Verdi[edit]

  • Hans von Bülow: Arabesques en forme de variations sur un thème favori de l'opéra Rigoletto, Op. 2 (c. 1855)
  • Adolfo Fumagalli:
    • Quatres airs de ballet variés from Verdi's opera Jérusalem, Op. 23 (piano)
      • No. 1 Pas de quatre
      • No. 2 Pas de deux
      • No. 3 Pas seul
      • No. 4 Pas d'ensemble
    • Introduction et grande adagio variées sur la terzette "Qual volutta trascorrere" (from I Lombardi alla prima crociata), Op. 75
    • Introduction et adagio varié on the romanza "Sempre all'alba ed alla sera" from Giovanna d'Arco, Op. 89 (piano)
    • Melodia variata on La traviata (on the aria of Germont's father, "Di Provenza il mar"), Op. 98 (1854)
  • Jim Hiscott: Variations on a Theme of Giuseppe Verdi (1983, rev 1985)
  • Stanislaus Verroust: Fantaisie et Variations sur Il corsaro, Op.54 (oboe and piano)

Georg Joseph 'Abbé' Vogler[edit]

  • Carl Maria von Weber:
    • 8 Variations on a Theme from Castor and Pollux, Op. 5, J. 40 (piano; 1804)
    • 6 Variations in C on a Theme from Samori, Op. 6, J. 43 (piano; 1804)

Richard Wagner[edit]

Count Ferdinand von Waldstein[edit]

Sir William Walton[edit]

  • Robert Saxton: Sonata on a Theme of Sir William Walton (solo cello; 1999)

Carl Maria von Weber[edit]

  • Carl Czerny:
    • Einleitung: Variations and Rondo on Hunting Chorus from Euryanthe, Op. 60 (piano and orchestra, 1824)
  • Henri Herz:
    • Variations brillantes sur la dernière valse de C. M. Weber, Op. 51
    • Grandes variations sur le Choeur des Chasseurs d'Euriante, Op. 62
  • Paul Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber (orchestra; 1943). The third movement, Andantino, is a set of variations; the other movements are cast in symphonic forms.
  • Friedrich Kuhlau:
    • 10 Variations on a folk song from Der Freischütz, Op. 48 (piano; 1822)
    • Variations on 6 Themes from Der Freischütz, Op. 49 (piano; 1822)
    • Variations on 3 Themes from Euryanthe, Op. 62 (piano: 1824)
    • 6 Variations on Euryanthe, Op. 63 (flute and piano: 1824)
  • Felix Mendelssohn and Ignaz Moscheles: Fantasy and Variations on the "Gypsy March" from La Preziosa (two pianos and orchestra; 1833; Moscheles later made an arrangement for two pianos alone, an arrangement that Mendelssohn barely recognised. Despite this, the work was often attributed to Mendelssohn alone.)
  • Robert Schumann: Variation zum Preziosamarsch (piano; unpub.)
  • Sigismond Thalberg:
    • Fantaisie et variations sur des différens motifs de l'opéra Euryanthe de C. M. v. Weber, Op. 1

Joseph Weigl[edit]

  • Josef Gelinek: Variations sur Pria ch'io l'impegno (from L'amor marinaro) (keyboard, 1798).[26]
  • Ignaz Moscheles: Air favori de Weigl: "Wer hörte wohl jemals mich klagen" (from Die Schweizer Familie), 12 Variations, Op. 5 (piano)[27]
  • Niccolò Paganini: Sonata con variazioni on a Theme from Joseph Weigl

Peter Winter[edit]

  • Ludwig van Beethoven: 7 Variations on "Kind, willst du ruhig schlafen" from Das unterbrochene Opferfest, WoO 75 (piano)

Hugo Wolf[edit]

  • Michael Hersch: Variations on a Theme of Hugo Wolf (chamber orchestra or full orchestra; 2004)

Paul Wranitzky[edit]

  • Ludwig van Beethoven: 12 Variations on the "Russian Dance" from the ballet Das Waldmädchen, WoO 71 (piano)

Frank Zappa[edit]

  • Lukáš Hurník: Variations on Frank Zappa's Theme (two saxophones and orchestra)

References[edit]