List of vehicle speed records

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a list of speed records for various categories of vehicles. In any category, as with many world records, there may be some dispute over the criteria for a record-setting event, the authority of the organization certifying the record, the identity of the record holder, and the actual speed achieved.

Land vehicles[edit]

ThrustSSC, which has held the land speed record since 15 October 1997
Main article: Land speed record
Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Mach number Vehicle Operator Date Certifying entity References
Land speed record 70031228000000000001,228 (763) 1.002 ThrustSSC Andy Green 15 Oct 1997 FIA [1]
Wheel-driven 7002775106000000000775.106 (481.629) 0.632 Vesco Turbinator Don Vesco 18 Oct 2001 FIA [2]
Motorcycle 7002605697000000000605.697 (376.363) 0.494 Top Oil Ack Attack Rocky Robinson 25 Sep 2010 FIM [3]
On ice 7002331610000000000331.61 (206.05) 0.27 Audi RS6 Janne Laitinen 6 Mar 2011 FIA [citation needed]
Diesel-powered 7002563995000000000563.995 (350.450) 0.46 JCB DieselMax Andy Green 23 Aug 2006 FIA [2]
Electric-powered 7002495140000000000495.140 (307.666) 0.404 Buckeye Bullet 2.5 Roger Schroer 24 Aug 2010 FIA [2]
Steam-powered 7002225060000000000225.06 (139.85) 0.18 Inspiration Charles Burnett III 25 Aug 2009 [4]
Wind-powered 7002203090000000000203.09 (126.19) 0.17 Ecotricity Greenbird Richard Jenkins 26 Mar 2009 NALSA [5][6]
Human-powered 7002133780000000000133.78 (83.13) 0.109 VeloX3 Sebastian Bowier 14 Sep 2013 IHPVA [7]
Solar-powered 700188800000000000088.8 (55.2) 0.07 Sunswift IV Barton Mawer 7 Jan 2011 Guinness World Records [8]
Tracked vehicle 700182230000000000082.23 (51.10) FV101 Scorpion tank 26 Mar 2002 Guinness World Records [9]
Lunar rover 700117000000000000017.0 (10.6) Apollo 17 Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV-003) Eugene Cernan 1972 NASA [10]

Rail vehicles[edit]

Lt. Col. John P. Stapp rides the rocket sled at Edwards Air Force Base
Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Vehicle Operator Date Certifying entity References
Manned (rocket sled) 70031017000000000001,017 (632) Sonic Wind No. 1 John Stapp 10 Dec 1954 [citation needed]
Maglev train 7002581000000000000581 (361) MLX01 2 Dec 2003 [citation needed]
Wheeled train 7002574800000000000574.8 (357.2) TGV POS 3 Apr 2007 [citation needed]
Steam train 7002202600000000000202.6 (125.9) LNER Class A4 4468 Mallard 3 July 1938 [11]

Aircraft[edit]

North American X-15, the fastest manned rocket-powered aircraft
Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Mach number Vehicle Pilot Date Certifying entity References
Unmanned aerial vehicle 700421245000000000021,245 (13,201) ~20 HTV-2 (unmanned) 22 April 2010 (unofficial) [12]
Manned rocket-powered aircraft 70037258000000000007,258 (4,510) 5.925 North American X-15 William J. Knight 3 Oct 1967 [13]
Manned air-breathing craft 70033530000000000003,530 (2,190) 2.88 Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird Eldon W. Joersz 28 Jul 1976 FAI [14]
Propeller-driven aircraft 7002870000000000000870 (540) 0.71 Tupolev Tu-114 Ivan Soukhomline 1960 FAI [15][16]
Piston-engined propeller-driven aircraft 7002850100000000000850.1 (528.2) 0.694 Grumman F8F Bearcat
Rare Bear
Lyle Shelton 21 Aug 1989 NAA [17]
Electric aircraft 7002250000000000000250 (160) 0.20 Alpi Pioneer 300 SkySpark Robin Shrestha 12 June 2009 [18][19]
Helicopter1 7002401000000000000401.0 (249.2) 0.327 Westland Lynx 800 G-LYNX John Egginton 11 Aug 1986 FAI [20]
Glider (sailplane) 7002306800000000000306.8 (190.6) 0.250 Schempp-Hirth Nimbus-4DM Klaus Ohlmann and Matias Garcia Mazzaro 22 Dec 2006 FAI [21]
Human-powered aircraft 700144320000000000044.32 (27.54) 0.036 Musculair 2 Holger Rochelt 2 Oct 1985 FAI [22]

Notes[edit]

1.^ Unofficial helicopter speed records by the Sikorsky X2 (460 km/h on 15 September 2010) and the Eurocopter X3 (472 km/h on 7 June 2013) would surpass this record if accepted.

Watercraft[edit]

Main article: Water speed record
A model of the Spirit of Australia, which set the water speed record in 1978
Category Speed
[knots (km/h; mph)]
Vehicle Operator Date Certifying entity References
Water speed record 7002275980000000000275.98 (511.11; 317.59) Spirit of Australia Ken Warby 8 Oct 1978 [citation needed]
Propeller-driven water speed record 7002229920000000000229.92 (425.81; 264.59) Problem Child Dale Ishimaru 21 Apr 2006 [23]
Wind-powered watercraft 700165450000000000065.45 (121.21; 75.32) Vestas Sailrocket Paul Larsen 24 Nov 2012 WSSRC [24]
Human-powered watercraft 700118500000000000018.5 (34.3; 21.3) Decavitator Mark Drela 27 Oct 1991 [citation needed]
Human-powered submarine 70008035000000000008.035 (14.881; 9.247) Omer 5 École de technologie supérieure 28 Jun 2007 [citation needed]
Ground effect vehicle (GEV)[25] 7002350000000000000350 (650; 400) Soviet KM ekranoplan
Caspian Sea Monster
Soviet Air Forces ca. 1966–1980 [26]
Underwater speed record There is no official speed record for underwater craft, due to the secretive nature of military vessels. In 1968, a Russian November class submarine reportedly tracked an American carrier group traveling at 31 knots (57 km/h or 36 mph). Unmanned torpedo speed claims range from 70 to 200 knots (80 mph to 230 mph).[citation needed] [27]

Spacecraft[edit]

Apollo 10 command module Charlie Brown, the fastest manned vehicle relative to the Earth

In order to make speed comparisons between spacecraft, a frame of reference must be specified; typically, this will be the Earth or the Sun.

Speed records relative to the Earth[edit]

Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Vehicle Crew Date Certifying entity References
Manned spacecraft 700439896000000000039,896 (24,790) Apollo 10 Thomas Stafford,
John W. Young,
and Eugene Cernan
26 May 1969 NASA [citation needed]
Earth-reentering spacecraft 700446440000000000046,440 (28,860) Stardust probe (unmanned) 15 Jan 2006 NASA [citation needed]
Earth-escaping spacecraft 700458536000000000058,536 (36,373) New Horizons probe (unmanned) 19 Jan 2006 NASA [citation needed]

Speed records relative to the Sun[edit]

Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Vehicle Crew Date Certifying entity References
Speed relative to the sun 7005252792000000000252,792 (157,078) Helios 2 probe (unmanned) 17 Apr 1976 NASA [28]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "FIA Records List Cat. C" (PDF). Federation Internationale de L'automobile. Retrieved 1997-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b c "FIA Records List Cat. A" (PDF). Federation Internationale de L'automobile. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  3. ^ New FIM World Record - Bonneville Raceway, Utah (USA), FIM 2010
  4. ^ name="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8209288.stm
  5. ^ "Official measurement report for 2009 North American Land Sailing Association record". 
  6. ^ http://www.nalsa.org/
  7. ^ "Overview of IHPVA speed records". 
  8. ^ Solar-powered car smashes speed record, Retrieved 10 January 2011
  9. ^ http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/records-1/fastest-tank/
  10. ^ http://www.hq.nasa.gov%2Falsj%2Fa17%2FA17_LunarRover2.pdf&ei=CkclUOOvDovo8QSEkICwDw&usg=AFQjCNGod_0E7mDKoiV5th8Q7nP3xdwnGA&sig2=WMVMf6O_YvD4tvdNZk7eVA
  11. ^ Celebrating Britain's Steam Record
  12. ^ http://www.lockheedmartin.co.uk/us/products/falcon-htv-2.html
  13. ^ American X-Vehicles: An Inventory X-1 to X-50, SP-2000-4531 - June 2003; NASA online PDF Monograph p.23
  14. ^ http://www.thisdayinaviation.com/tag/fai-world-record-for-altitude-in-horizontal-flight/
  15. ^ Tu_114 data from Aerospaceweb Access date: 26 May 2008
  16. ^ "FAI official database" Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. Retrieved: 10 January 2012
  17. ^ National Aeronautic Association Certificate of Record - Crew Access date: 5 March 2010
  18. ^ http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/ItalianElectricAirplaneReaches155mph_200577-1.html
  19. ^ http://www.skyspark.eu/web/eng/index.php
  20. ^ FAI web-site - Accessed 27 Jan 2011
  21. ^ FAI web-site - Accessed 25 Jan 2011
  22. ^ FAI web-site - Accessed 3 Jun 2014
  23. ^ [1][dead link]
  24. ^ WSSR Newsletter No 219. Vestas Sailrocket 2 Outright Sailing Speed Record 04/12/12
  25. ^ A ground effect vehicle (a.k.a. "Wing-In-Ground effect vehicle") is classified as a maritime ship by the International Maritime Organization: Sub-Committee on Ship Design and Equipment (DE) (November 2001). "Wing-in-Ground (WIG) craft". International Maritime Organization. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  26. ^ National Research Council; Reducing the Logistics Burden for the Army After Next Committee to Perform a Technology Assessment Focused on Logistics Support Requirements for Future Army Combat Systems; Page 68 (1999)

    "This large aircraft has flown at 650 km/h (350 knots) ..."

  27. ^ Tyler, Patrick (1986). Running Critical. New York: Harper&Row. pp. 23–26, 34–46. 
  28. ^ Aerospaceweb.org - Accessed 22 Feb 2012