List of veterinary drugs
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Acepromazine – Neuroleptic drug related to chlorpromazine used as a sedative and antiemetic.
- Alprazolam – (trade name Xanax); used to treat anxiety
- Amantadine – as an analgesic for chronic pain ( this drug is not used in the veterinary field)
- Amitraz – Antiparasitic used to control ticks, mites, lice and other animal pests. Cannot be used on horses.
- Amitriptyline – Tricyclic antidepressant used to treat separation anxiety, excessive grooming and spraying in dogs and cats.
- Amlodipine – Calcium channel blocker used to decrease blood pressure
- Amoxicillin – Antibiotic indicated for susceptible gram positive and gram negative infections. Ineffective against species that produce beta-lactamase.
- Apomorphine – Opioid emetic (used to induce vomiting)
- Artificial tears – lubricant eye drops used to treat keratoconjunctivitis sicca
- Atenolol – to treat arrythmias, hypertension, and other cardiovascular disorders
- Atipamezole – alpha2-adrenergic antagonist used to reverse the sedative and analgesic effects of dexmedetomidine and medetomidine in dogs.
- Benazepril – ACE-inhibitor used in heart failure, hypertension, chronic renal failure and protein-losing nephropathy.
- Boldenone – anabolic steroid for treatment of horses.
- Buprenorphine – narcotic for pain relief in cats after surgery
- Butorphanol – mu agonist/kappa antagonist, used as a cough suppressant and for a muscle relaxation effect in horses
- Carprofen – COX-2 selective NSAID used to relieve pain and inflammation in dogs. Annedotal reports of severe GI effects in cats.
- Cefovecin – Cephalosporin-class antibiotic used to treat skin infections in dogs and cats.
- Cefpodoxime –
- Cephalexin – Antibiotic, particularly useful for susceptible Staphylococcus infections.
- Chloramphenicol – Particularly Useful for Anaerobic Bacterial Infections, both Gram (+) and (-). Crosses blood brain barrier, useful in treatment of meningitis
- Cimetidine – H2 antagonist used to reduce GI acid production aids in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers as well as esophageal reflux. Newer agents may be more appropriate as they have a longer duration of action and fewer drug interactions (i.e. ranididine, famotidine, omeprazole). It is starting to be recommended for treatment of Melanoma in horses
- Clamoxyquine – Antiparasitic to treat salmonids for infection with the myxozoan parasite, Myxobolus cerebralis.
- Clavaseptin oral crushed and mixed with food or a treat for pet mink or ferret in case of abcess after wound or cyst is punctured and drained. Suitable for long term treatment 4 to 6 months.
- Clavulanic acid – Adjunct to penicillin-derived antibiotics used to overcome resistance in bacteria that secrete beta-lactamase.
- Clenbuterol – A decongestant and bronchodilator used for the treatment of recurrent airway obstruction in horses
- Clindamycin Hydrochloride – Antibiotic with particular use in dental infections. Effective against most aerobic gram positive cocci (not Strep faecalis), Corynebacterium diptheriae, Nocardia asteroides, Erysepelothrix, Toxoplasma, and Mycoplama. Anaerobic bacteria susceptible: Clostridium perfringins, C. Tetani, Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Actinomyces.
- Clomipramine Hydrochloride – Primarily in dogs: Obsessive-compulsive disorders, dominance aggression and anxiety., may be useful in spraying cats
- Cyproheptadine primarily used as an appetite stimulant in cats and dogs.
- Deracoxib – Post operative pain management and osteoarthritis. --- Interest in use as adjunctive treatment to transitional cell carcinoma
- Dexamethasone – Antiinflammatory, Diagnostic tool for Cushings (Low and high Dose Dex. Suppression test)
- Diazepam – Benzodiazepine used to treat status epilepticus, also used as a preanesthetic and a sedative.
- Dichlorophene – fungicide, germicide, and antimicrobial agent used for the removal of parasites such as ascarids, hookworms, and tapeworms from cats and dogs
- Diphenhydramine – Histamine blocker (trade name Benadryl)
- Doxycycline –
- Enalapril – ACE-inhibitor used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure
- Enrofloxacin – Broad spectrum antibiotic (gram positive and gram negatives) -- not recommended for streptococci, or anaerobic bacteria
- Equine chorionic gonadotropin – gonadotropic hormone used to induce ovulation in livestock prior to artificial insemination
- Fenbendazole –
- Flunixin meglumine – trade name Banamine; NSAID used as an analgesic and antipyretic in horses.
- Furosemide – diuretic used to prevent exercise induced pulmonary hemorrhage in horses
- Isoxsuprine – vasodilator used for laminitis and navicular disease in horses
- Ivermectin – a broad-spectrum antiparasitic used in horses and dogs
- Ketamine – dissociative anesthetic and tranquilizer in cats, dogs, horses, and other animals
- Ketoprofen – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
- Marbofloxacin – antibiotic
- Maropitant – Antiemetic
- Medetomidine – surgical anesthetic and analgesic
- Meloxicam – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
- Methimazole –
- Metoclopramide Hydrochloride – Potent antiemetic, secondarily as a prokinetic.
- Metronidazole – Highly effective against anaerobic bacteria. Has good activity against protozoa, but Fenbendazole may be a better choice. (more effective, less side effects)
- Milbemycin oxime – a broad spectrum antiparasitic used as an anthelmintic, insecticide and miticide
- Mirtazapine – antiemetic and appetite stimulant in cats and dogs
- Morphine – Pure mu agonist/opioid analgesic used as a premedication
- Moxifloxacin – Antibiotic used for the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis, acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, community acquired pneumonia, complicated and uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections, and complicated intra-abdominal infections
- Neomycin –
- Nitarsone – feed additive used in poultry to increase weight gain, improve feed efficiency, and prevent blackhead disease
- Nitenpyram – insecticide
- Nitroscanate – Anthelmintic used to treat Toxocara canis, Toxascaris leonina, Ancylostoma caninum, Uncinaria stenocephalia, Taenia, and Dipylidium caninum (roundworms, hookworms and tapeworms).
- Nystatin – Antifungal
- Ofloxacin – fluoroquinolone antibiotic
- Omeprazole – for the treatment and prevention of gastric ulcers in horses
- Oxibendazole – anthelmintic
- Oxymorphone –
- Pentobarbital – Humane euthanasia of animals not to be used for food
- Phenobarbital – Antiseizure medication
- Phenylbutazone – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
- Pimobendan – used to manage heart failure in dogs
- Pirlimycin – antimicrobial
- Ponazuril – anticoccidial
- Praziquantel – Treatment of Dipylidium caninum, Taenia pisiformis, Echinococcus granulosis
- Prednisolone –
- Prednisone – Steroid
- Propofol – short acting intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia
- Pyrantel Pamoate – Effective against ascarids, hookworms and stomach worms.
- Robenacoxib – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
- Roxarsone – arsenical used as a coccidiostat and for increased weight gain
- Selamectin – antiparasitic treating fleas, roundworms, ear mites, heartworm, and hookworms. Available only as Revolution (not in generic form)
- Sentinel Flavor Tabs – antiparasitic
- Silver Sulfadiazine –
- Soloxine –
- Streptomycin – active against gram negative bacteria.Used in large animals like horse, cattle and sheep.
- Sucralfate – NSAID associated ulcers - coats existing ulcers, but probably not useful in prevention.
- Sulfasalazine –
- Synulox – antibiotic
- Telazol – intravenous drug used to induce anesthesia; combination of tiletamine and zolazepam
- Theophylline – Brochospasm and cardiogenic edema
- Thiostrepton –
- Thiabendazole –
- Tramadol –
- Triamcinolone acetonide –
- Trimethoprim - used widely for bacterial infections, is in the family of sulfa drugs
- Trilostane – Canine Cushing's
- Tylosin – antibiotic
- Xylaxine – Alpha-2 agonist