List of video game consoles

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This is a list of home video game consoles in chronological order. This list includes the very first video game consoles ever created, such as first generation Pong consoles, from the first ever cartridge console Odyssey, ranging from the major video game companies such as Atari, Nintendo, Sega, Sony, Microsoft to secondary market consoles. The list is divided into eras which are named based on the dominant console type of the era, though not all consoles of those eras are of the same type. Some eras are referred to based on how many bits a major console could process. The 128-bit era (sixth generation) was the final era in which this practice was widespread.[citation needed]

This list does not include handheld game consoles, which are usually of lower computational power than home consoles due to their smaller size. Consoles have been redesigned from time to time to improve their market appeal. Redesigned models are not listed on their own. This list does not include clones, consoles that are designed by pirates for the black market.

First generation (1972–1980)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
Magnavox Odyssey 1972 Magnavox Console
Ping-o-Tronic 1974[1] Zanussi Dedicated
Telstar 1976 Coleco Dedicated
Sear Tele-Games 1976 Atari Dedicated
Video Pinball 1978 Atari Dedicated
Stunt Cycle 1977 Atari Dedicated
APF TV Fun 1976 APF Dedicated
Sportsman T101 1976 Unisonic Dedicated
Tournament 100 1976 Unisonic Dedicated
Tournament 102 1976 Unisonic Dedicated
Tournament 150 1976 Unisonic Dedicated
Tournament 200 1976 Unisonic Dedicated
Tournament 1000 1977 Unisonic Dedicated
Tournament 2000 1977 Unisonic Dedicated
Tournament 2501 1977 Unisonic Dedicated
Olympian 2600 1978 Unisonic Dedicated
Philips Odyssey 1976 Philips Console
Radio Shack TV Scoreboard 1976 Radio Shack Dedicated
Colorsport VIII 1978 Granada Dedicated
Binatone TV Master Mk IV 1977[2] Binatone Dedicated
Color TV Game 6 (Japan only) 1977 Nintendo Dedicated
Color TV Game 15 (Japan only) 1978 Nintendo Dedicated
Color TV Racing 112 (Japan only) 1978 Nintendo Dedicated
Color TV Game Block Breaker (Japan only) 1979 Nintendo Dedicated
Computer TV Game (Japan only) 1980 Nintendo Dedicated
Wonder Wizard 1976 GHP Dedicated
BSS 01 (GDR only) 1980 VEB Kombinat Mikroelektronik Erfurt Dedicated
  • Consoles of the early 1970s, such as Pong and Magnavox Odyssey were often inaccurately called "analog" but were actually discrete logic circuits.[3]

Second generation (1976–1983)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
Fairchild Channel F / Video Entertainment System (VES) 1976 Fairchild Console
Fairchild Channel F System II 1979 Fairchild Console
APF-MP1000 1978 APF console
RCA Studio II 1977 RCA Console
Atari 2600 / Atari Video Computer System (VCS) / Sears Video Arcade 1977 Atari Inc. Console
Atari 2600 Jr. 1986 Atari Inc. Console
Atari 2800 / Sears Video Arcade II (Japan Only) 1983 Atari, Inc Console
Coleco Gemini (Atari 2600 hardware clone) 1982 Coleco Console
Bally Astrocade 1977 Midway Console
VC 4000 1978 Interton Console
Magnavox Odyssey² 1978 Magnavox / Philips Console
APF Imagination Machine 1979 APF Console
Intellivision 1980 Mattel Console
PlayCable 1981 Mattel Adapter of Intellivision
Bandai Super Vision 8000 1979 Bandai Console
Intellivision II 1983 Mattel Console
VTech CreatiVision 1981 VTech Console
Epoch Cassette Vision 1981 Epoch Console
Super Cassette Vision 1984 Epoch Console
Arcadia 2001 (Leisure Vision in Canada) 1982 Emerson Radio Console
Atari 5200 (US Only) 1982 Atari Inc. Console
Atari 5100/Atari 5200 Jr. 1982 (Atari 5200) Atari Inc. Console (prototype)
ColecoVision 1982 Coleco Console
Entex Adventure Vision 1982 Entex Console
Vectrex 1982 Smith Engineering Console

Third generation (1983–1993)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
RDI Halcyon 1985 RDI Video Systems console
PV-1000 1983 Casio console
Commodore 64 Games System 1990 Commodore console
Amstrad GX4000 1990 Amstrad console
Atari 7800 1984 Atari Corporation console
Atari XEGS 1987 Atari Corporation console
Sega SG-1000 (Various Models) 1983 Sega console
Sega Master System (Various Models) 1985 Sega, Tec Toy console
Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / Famicom (Various Models) 1983 Nintendo console
C1 NES TV / Sharp Nintendo Television 1983 Nintendo / Sharp console
NES-101 / AV Famicom 1993 Nintendo console
Family Computer Disk System (Japan only) 1986 Nintendo console add-on
Zemmix 1985 Daewoo Electronics console
Action Max 1987 Worlds of Wonder console

Fourth generation (1987–1995)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
Sega CD / Mega CD (Various Models) 1992 (N. America) Sega Console add-on
Sega 32X 1994 Sega Console add-on
Sega Genesis / Mega Drive (Various Models) 1988 Sega Console
Sega Pico 1994 Sega / Majesco console
PC Engine / TurboGrafx-16 (Various Models) 1987 NEC Console
PC Engine2 / SuperGrafx 1989 NEC Console
Konix Multisystem Unreleased Konix Console
Neo-Geo 1990 SNK Console / Arcade
Neo-Geo CD 1994 SNK Console
Neo-Geo CDZ 1994 SNK Console
Commodore CDTV 1991 Commodore Console / Personal computer
Memorex VIS 1992 Memorex Console
Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) / Super Famicom (Various Models) 1990 Nintendo Console
SF-1 SNES TV (Japan Only) 1990 Nintendo / Sharp Console
SNES 2 / Super Famicom Jr. 1997 Nintendo Console
SNES-CD Cancelled Nintendo Console
Satellaview (Japan Only) 1993 Nintendo Console add-on
CD-i 1991 Philips Console / Media player
TurboDuo / PC Engine Duo 1991 NEC Console
Super A'Can 1995 Funtech Console

Fifth generation (1993–1999)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
Pioneer LaserActive 1993 Pioneer Corporation console
FM Towns Marty 1993 Fujitsu console
Apple Bandai Pippin 1995 Bandai/Apple Inc. console
PC-FX 1994 NEC console
Atari Panther cancelled Atari Corporation console
Atari Jaguar 1993 Atari Corporation console
Atari Jaguar CD 1995 Atari Corporation console add-on
PlayStation 1994 Sony console
Net Yaroze 1997 Sony console development kit
Sega Saturn 1994 Sega console
3DO Interactive Multiplayer 1993 Panasonic / Sanyo / GoldStar console
Amiga CD32 1993 Commodore console
Casio Loopy 1995 Casio console
Playdia 1994 Bandai console
Nintendo 64 1996 Nintendo console
Nintendo 64DD 1999 Nintendo console add-on
Sega Neptune Cancelled Sega console

Sixth generation (1999–2004)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type Units sold
ApeXtreme Cancelled Apex Digital Console
Atari Flashback 2004 Atari Dedicated
Atari Flashback 2 2005 Atari Inc. Dedicated 860 thousand[4]
Atari Jaguar II Cancelled Atari Corporation Console
Dreamcast 1999 Sega Console
L600 Cancelled Indrema Console
MoMA Eve Cancelled Via Console
GameCube 2001 Nintendo Console
Game Boy Player 2003 Nintendo Console add-on
Nuon 2000 VM Labs Console
iQue Player 2003 Nintendo Console
Panasonic M2 Cancelled Panasonic Console
Panasonic Q/Q Game Boy Player 2001 Nintendo / Panasonic Console
PlayStation 2 2000 Sony Console
PSX 2003 Sony Console
XaviX Port 2004 SSD Company Console
Xbox 2001 Microsoft Console
Leapster TV 2005 LeapFrog Console
V.Smile 2005 VTech Console
GoGo TV Video Vision 2005 Manley / Toy Quest Console
Buzztime Home Trivia System 2005 NTN Buzztime / Cadaco Console

Seventh generation (2005-2011)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type Units sold
Phantom Cancelled Phantom Console
Atari Flashback 3 2011 AtGames Dedicated
Atari Flashback 4 2012 AtGames Dedicated
Game Wave 2005 ZAPiT Console 70 thousand(as of 2008)[5]
Xbox 360 2005 Microsoft Console 83.7 million(as of March 31, 2014)[6][7][8][9]
HyperScan 2006 Mattel Console
ION 2006 Playskool / Hasbro Console
Wii 2006 Nintendo Console 101.06 million(as of March 31, 2014)[10]
PlayStation 3 2006 Sony Console 80 million[11]
I Can Play Piano 2006 Fisher-Price Console
V.Flash 2006 VTech Console
V.Smile V-Motion 2008 VTech Console
V.Smile Baby 2009 VTech Console
Vmigo TV Docking System 2006 Jakks Pacific Console
Clickstart My First Computer 2007 LeapFrog Console
I Can Play Guitar 2007 Fisher-Price Console
EVO Smart Console 2008 Envizions Console Low hundreds[12]
Retro Duo 2008 Retrobit Clone console
Sega Firecore 2009 AtGames Clone console
Zeebo 2009 Zeebo Inc. Console
Zippity 2009 LeapFrog Console
Sega Zone 2010 Atgames / Sega Clone console
OnLive 2010 OnLive Microconsole
Eedoo CT510 2012 Lenovo / Eedoo Console
Co-Star 2012 VIZIO Microconsole

Eighth generation (2012–present)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
Wii U 2012 Nintendo Console
Ouya 2013 Ouya Inc. (formerly Boxer8) Microconsole
GameStick 2013 PlayJam Microconsole
MOJO Q3 2013 Mad Catz Microconsole
Nexus Orbit Coming Soon Google Microconsole
GamePop Q4 2013 BlueStacks Microconsole
PlayStation 4 2013 Sony Console
PlayStation Vita TV 2013 Sony Microconsole
Steam Machine 2014 Valve Console
Xbox One 2013 Microsoft Console
Piston 2013 Xi3 Console
flarePlay 2013 flarePlay Microconsole
Tron 2014 Huawei Microconsole
RetroN 5 2014 Hyperkin Clone console
FunBox 2014 ZTE Microconsole
Xtreamer Multi-Console 2014 Xtreamer Microconsole
Fire TV 2014 Amazon.com Microconsole
T2 2014 TCL Microconsole
MK-300 2014 Movka Microconsole
OTON X 2014 EnGeniux Console
Razer Microconsole 2014 Razer Microconsole
Android TV 2014 Google Microconsole
Game Box Coming Soon ASUS Microconsole
Z6C Coming Soon Zero Devices Microconsole

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tristan, Donovan (2010). "Hardware Glossary". Replay, The History Of Video Games. Yellow Ant. ISBN 978-0-9565072-2-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.old-computers.com/museum/computer.asp?st=3&c=1035
  3. ^ Bub, Andrew (June 7, 2005). "The Original GamerDad: Ralph Baer". http://www.gamerdad.com. Archived from the original on 2008-12-07. Retrieved February 23, 2010. 
  4. ^ Vendel, Curt. "The Escapist : Curt Vendel: The Escapist Interview". The Escapist. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "VP Final - MP4". 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  6. ^ "Earnings Release FY13 Q4". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Earnings Release FY14 Q1". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Earnings Release FY14 Q2". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Earnings Release FY14 Q3". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Top Selling Software Sales Units". Nintendo Co., Ltd. March 31, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "PlayStation 3 Sales Reach 80 Million Units Worldwide". Sony Computer Entertainment. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Crowdfunding and the Mysterious Oton Console". Tap-Repeatedly. Retrieved 2012-12-30.