List of video game consoles

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This is a list of home video game consoles in chronological order. This list includes the very first video game consoles ever created, such as first generation Pong consoles, from the first ever cartridge console Odyssey, ranging from the major video game companies such as Atari, Nintendo, Sega, Sony, Microsoft to secondary market consoles. The list is divided into eras which are named based on the dominant console type of the era, though not all consoles of those eras are of the same type. Some eras are referred to based on how many bits a major console could process. The 128-bit era (sixth generation) was the final era in which this practice was widespread.[citation needed]

This list does not include handheld game consoles, which are usually of lower computational power than home consoles due to their smaller size. Consoles have been redesigned from time to time to improve their market appeal. Redesigned models are not listed on their own. This list does not include clones, consoles that are designed by pirates for the black market.

First generation (1972–1980)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
Magnavox Odyssey August 1972 Magnavox United States Console
Ping-o-Tronic 1974[1] Zanussi Italy Dedicated
PC-50X Family 1975 General Instrument United States Console
Tele-Spiel 1975 Philips Netherlands Console
Video 2000 1975 Interton Germany Console
Telstar 1976 Coleco United States Dedicated / Console
Sear Tele-Games 1975 Atari United States Dedicated
Video Pinball 1978 Atari United States Dedicated
Stunt Cycle 1977 Atari United States Dedicated
APF TV Fun 1976 APF United States Dedicated
Sportsman T101 1976 Unisonic United States Dedicated
Tournament 100 1976 Unisonic United States Dedicated
Tournament 102 1976 Unisonic United States Dedicated
Tournament 150 1976 Unisonic United States Dedicated
Tournament 200 1976 Unisonic United States Dedicated
Tournament 1000 1977 Unisonic United States Dedicated
Tournament 2000 1977 Unisonic United States Dedicated
Tournament 2501 1977 Unisonic United States Dedicated
Olympian 2600 1978 Unisonic United States Dedicated
Philips Odyssey 1976 Philips Netherlands Console
Radio Shack TV Scoreboard 1976 Radio Shack United States Dedicated
Colorsport VIII 1978 Granada United Kingdom Dedicated
Binatone TV Master Mk IV 1977[2] Binatone United Kingdom Dedicated
Color TV Game 6 (Japan only) 1977 Nintendo Japan Dedicated
Color TV Game 15 (Japan only) 1978 Nintendo Japan Dedicated
Color TV Racing 112 (Japan only) 1978 Nintendo Japan Dedicated
Color TV Game Block Breaker (Japan only) 1979 Nintendo Japan Dedicated
Computer TV Game (Japan only) 1980 Nintendo Japan Dedicated
Wonder Wizard 1976 GHP Dedicated
BSS 01 (GDR only) 1980 VEB Kombinat Mikroelektronik Erfurt East Germany Dedicated
  • Consoles of the early 1970s, such as Pong and Magnavox Odyssey were often inaccurately called "analog" but were actually discrete logic circuits.[3]

Second generation (1976–1983)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
Fairchild Channel F / Video Entertainment System (VES) 1976 Fairchild United States Console
Fairchild Channel F System II 1979 Fairchild United States Console
APF-MP1000 1978 APF United States Console
RCA Studio II 1977 RCA United States Console
Atari 2600 / Atari Video Computer System (VCS) / Sears Video Arcade 1977 Atari Inc. United States Console
Atari 2800 / Sears Video Arcade II (Japan Only) 1983 Atari, Inc United States Console
Coleco Gemini (Atari 2600 hardware clone) 1982 Coleco United States Console
Bally Astrocade 1977 Midway United States Console
VC 4000 1978 Interton Germany Console
Magnavox Odyssey² 1978 Magnavox / Philips Netherlands Console
APF Imagination Machine 1979 APF United States Console
Intellivision 1980 Mattel United States Console
PlayCable 1981 Mattel United States Adapter of Intellivision
Bandai Super Vision 8000 1979 Bandai Japan Console
Intellivision II 1983 Mattel United States Console
VTech CreatiVision 1981 VTech China Console
Epoch Cassette Vision 1981 Epoch Japan Console
Arcadia 2001 (Leisure Vision in Canada) 1982 Emerson Radio United States Console
Atari 5200 (US Only) 1982 Atari Inc. United States Console
Atari 5100/Atari 5200 Jr. 1982 (Atari 5200) Atari Inc. United States Console (prototype)
ColecoVision 1982 Coleco United States Console
Entex Adventure Vision 1982 Entex United States Console
Vectrex 1982 Smith Engineering United States Console
Compact Vision TV-Boy 1983 Gakken Japan Console
My Vision 1983 Nichibutsu Japan Console
Pyuuta Jr. 1983 Matsushita Japan Console

Third generation (1983–1993)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
RDI Halcyon 1985 RDI Video Systems United States Console
PV-1000 1983 Casio Japan Console
Commodore 64 Games System 1990 Commodore Canada Console
Amstrad GX4000 1990 Amstrad United Kingdom Console
Atari 7800 1984 Atari Corporation United States Console
Atari XEGS 1987 Atari Corporation United States Console/Computer
Sega SG-1000 (Various Models) 1983 Sega Japan Console
Sega Master System (Various Models) 1985 Sega Japan, Tec Toy Brazil Console
Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / Famicom (Various Models) 1983 Nintendo Japan Console
C1 NES TV / Sharp Nintendo Television 1983 Nintendo Japan / Sharp Japan Console
NES-101 / AV Famicom 1993 Nintendo Japan Console
Family Computer Disk System (Japan only) 1986 Nintendo Japan Console add-on
Super Cassette Vision 1984 Epoch Japan Console
Zemmix 1985 Daewoo Electronics South Korea Console
Bridge Companion 1985 BBC / Heber United Kingdom Console
Atari 2600 Jr. 1986 Atari Inc. United States Console
VideoSmarts 1986 VTech China Console
Action Max 1987 Worlds of Wonder United States Console
Video Challenger 1987 Tomy Japan / Bandai Japan Console
Video Art 1987 LJN United States Console

Fourth generation (1987–1995)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
Sega CD / Mega CD (Various Models) 1992 (N. America) Sega Japan Console add-on
Sega 32X 1994 Sega Japan Console add-on
Sega Genesis / Mega Drive (Various Models) 1988 Sega Japan Console
Sega Pico 1994 Sega Japan/ Majesco United States Console
PC Engine / TurboGrafx-16 (Various Models) 1987 NEC Japan Console
PC Engine2 / SuperGrafx 1989 NEC Japan Console
Interactive Vision 1988 View-Master Ideal Group Inc. Console
Socrates 1988 VTech China Console
Terebikko 1988 Bandai Japan Console
Konix Multisystem Unreleased Konix United Kingdom Console
Neo-Geo 1990 SNK Japan Console / Arcade
Neo-Geo CD 1994 SNK Japan Console
Neo-Geo CDZ 1994 SNK Japan Console
Commodore CDTV 1991 Commodore Canada Console / Personal computer
Memorex VIS 1992 Memorex United States Console
Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) / Super Famicom (Various Models) 1990 Nintendo Japan Console
SF-1 SNES TV (Japan Only) 1990 Nintendo Japan/ Sharp Japan Console
SNES 2 / Super Famicom Jr. 1997 Nintendo Japan Console
SNES-CD Cancelled Nintendo Japan Console
Satellaview (Japan Only) 1993 Nintendo Japan Console add-on
CD-i 1991 Philips Netherlands Console / Media player
TurboDuo / PC Engine Duo 1991 NEC Japan Console
Super A'Can 1995 Funtech Taiwan Console

Fifth generation (1993–1999)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type
Pioneer LaserActive 1993 Pioneer Corporation Japan Console
FM Towns Marty 1993 Fujitsu Japan Console
Apple Bandai Pippin 1995 Bandai Japan/Apple Inc. United States Console
PC-FX 1994 NEC Japan Console
Atari Panther Cancelled Atari Corporation United States Console
Atari Jaguar 1993 Atari Corporation United States Console
Atari Jaguar CD 1995 Atari Corporation United States Console add-on
PlayStation 1994 Sony Japan Console
Net Yaroze 1997 Sony Japan Console development kit
Sega Saturn 1994 Sega Japan Console
3DO Interactive Multiplayer 1993 Panasonic Japan / Sanyo Japan/ GoldStar South Korea Console
Amiga CD32 1993 Commodore Canada Console
Casio Loopy 1995 Casio Japan Console
Playdia 1994 Bandai Japan Console
CPS Changer 1994 Capcom Japan Console
Nintendo 64 1996 Nintendo Japan Console
Nintendo 64DD 1999 Nintendo Japan Console add-on
Sega Neptune Cancelled Sega Japan Console

Sixth generation (1999–2007)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type Units sold
ApeXtreme Cancelled Apex Digital United States Console
Atari Flashback 2004 Atari United States Dedicated
Atari Flashback 2 2005 Atari Inc. United States Dedicated 860 thousand[4]
Atari Jaguar II Cancelled Atari Corporation United States Console
Dreamcast 1999 Sega Japan Console
L600 Cancelled Indrema Console
MoMA Eve Cancelled Via Console
GameCube 2001 Nintendo Japan Console
Game Boy Player 2003 Nintendo Japan Console add-on
Nuon 2000 VM Labs United States Console
iQue Player 2003 Nintendo Japan Console
Panasonic M2 Cancelled Panasonic Japan Console
Panasonic Q/Q Game Boy Player 2001 Nintendo Japan / Panasonic Japan Console
PlayStation 2 2000 Sony Japan Console
PSX 2003 Sony Japan Console
XaviX Port 2004 SSD Company Console
Xbox 2001 Microsoft United States Console
Leapster TV 2005 LeapFrog United States Console
V.Smile 2005 VTech China Console
GoGo TV Video Vision 2005 Manley United States/ Toy Quest Console
Buzztime Home Trivia System 2005 NTN Buzztime United States / Cadaco Console
Sega Beena 2005 Sega Japan Console

Seventh generation (2005-2012)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type Units sold
Phantom Cancelled Phantom United States Console
Atari Flashback 3 2011 AtGames United States Dedicated
Atari Flashback 4 2012 AtGames United States Dedicated
Game Wave 2005 ZAPiT Canada Console 70 thousand(as of 2008)[5]
Xbox 360 2005 Microsoft United States Console 83.7 million(as of March 31, 2014)[6][7][8][9]
HyperScan 2006 Mattel United States Console
ION 2006 Playskool United States / Hasbro United States Console
Wii 2006 Nintendo Japan Console 101.06 million(as of March 31, 2014)[10]
PlayStation 3 2006 Sony Japan Console 80 million[11]
I Can Play Piano 2006 Fisher-Price United States Console
V.Flash 2006 VTech China Console
V.Smile V-Motion 2008 VTech China Console
V.Smile Baby 2009 VTech China Console
Vmigo TV Docking System 2006 Jakks Pacific United States Console
Clickstart My First Computer 2007 LeapFrog United States Console
I Can Play Guitar 2007 Fisher-Price United States Console
EVO Smart Console 2008 Envizions Console Low hundreds[12]
Retro Duo 2008 Retrobit Clone console
Sega Firecore 2009 AtGames United States Clone console
Zeebo 2009 Zeebo Inc. United States Console
Zippity 2009 LeapFrog United States Console
Sega Zone 2010 Atgames United States / Sega Japan Clone console
OnLive 2010 OnLive United States Microconsole
Eedoo CT510 2012 Lenovo China / Eedoo China Console
Co-Star 2012 VIZIO United States Microconsole

Eighth generation (2012–present)[edit]

Name Release date Manufacturer Type Units Sold
Wii U 2012 Nintendo Japan Console 6.68 million (as of June 30, 2014)
Ouya 2013 Ouya Inc. (formerly Boxer8) Microconsole
Pandora TV Box 2013 N/A Microconsole
G-cluster 2013 G-cluster Global Finland / Broadmedia Microconsole
GameStick 2013 PlayJam United Kingdom Microconsole
MOJO Q3 2013 Mad Catz United States Microconsole
GamePop Q4 2013 BlueStacks United States Microconsole
PlayStation 4 2013 Sony Japan Console
PlayStation Vita TV 2013 Sony Japan Microconsole
Steam Machine TBA Valve United States Console
Xbox One 2013 Microsoft United States Console
Piston 2013 Xi3 Console
flarePlay 2013 flarePlay Microconsole
Xtreamer Multi-Console 2014 Unicorn Information Systems South Korea Microconsole
FunBox 2014 ZTE China Microconsole
TE 2014 TimeTop China Microconsole
MK-300 / G10 / K3 2014 Movka Microconsole
Fire TV 2014 Amazon.com United States Microconsole
T2 2014 TCL China Microconsole
Tron 2014 Huawei China Microconsole
RetroN 5 2014 Hyperkin Clone console
Shadow Stick 3 2014 Baidu China Microconsole
LeapTV 2014 LeapFrog United States Console
OTON X 2014 EnGeniux Console
Razer Microconsole 2014 Razer United States Microconsole
Android TV 2014 Google United States Microconsole
Game Box Coming Soon ASUS Taiwan Microconsole
Z6C Coming Soon Zero Devices Microconsole

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tristan, Donovan (2010). "Hardware Glossary". Replay, The History Of Video Games. Yellow Ant. ISBN 978-0-9565072-2-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.old-computers.com/museum/computer.asp?st=3&c=1035
  3. ^ Bub, Andrew (June 7, 2005). "The Original GamerDad: Ralph Baer". http://www.gamerdad.com. Archived from the original on 2008-12-07. Retrieved February 23, 2010. 
  4. ^ Vendel, Curt. "The Escapist : Curt Vendel: The Escapist Interview". The Escapist. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "VP Final - MP4". 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  6. ^ "Earnings Release FY13 Q4". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Earnings Release FY14 Q1". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Earnings Release FY14 Q2". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Earnings Release FY14 Q3". Microsoft. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Top Selling Software Sales Units". Nintendo Co., Ltd. March 31, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "PlayStation 3 Sales Reach 80 Million Units Worldwide". Sony Computer Entertainment. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Crowdfunding and the Mysterious Oton Console". Tap-Repeatedly. Retrieved 2012-12-30.