List of volcanic eruptions by death toll

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Volcanic eruptions can be highly explosive, volatile, or neither. Certain volcanoes have undergone catastrophic eruptions, killing countless numbers of humans, and this list attempts to document those volcanic eruptions by death toll.

Volcanic eruptions[edit]

Deaths Volcano Location Date
Perhaps left only 5000 humans alive on earth Lake Toba (see also Toba catastrophe theory) Indonesia Between 69,000 and 77,000 years ago
Unknown precisely: 6 million,[1] including a million in Japan,[2] a similar number in France,[2] many in the rest of northern Europe and in Egypt. Killed 9,350 people in Iceland, about 25% of the island's population. Laki (Grimsvötn) Iceland 1783
Unknown. May have contributed to the fall of Minoan civilization, famine in China, and the collapse of the Xia dynasty.[citation needed] Santorini (see Minoan eruption) (aka Thera) Greece Between 1650 and 1500 BC
Unknown. No less than two million. One-third of Russia was killed; see Russian famine of 1601–1603 Huaynaputina Peru 1600
92,000 Mount Tambora (see also Year Without a Summer) Indonesia 1815
36,000 Krakatoa Indonesia 1883
33,000 Mount Pelée Martinique 1902
23,000 Nevado del Ruiz Colombia 1985
18,000 Mount Vesuvius Italy 79
15,000 Mount Unzen Japan 1792
10,000 Mount Kelut Indonesia 1586
6,000 Santa Maria Guatemala 1902
5,115 Mount Kelut Indonesia 1919
4,000 Mount Galunggung Indonesia 1822
3,500 El Chichón Mexico 1982
3,360 Mount Vesuvius Italy 1631
2,942 Mount Lamington Papua New Guinea 1951
2,000 Tseax Cone Canada 1775
1,680 Soufrière St. Vincent 1902
1,584 Mount Agung Indonesia 1963
1,369 Mount Merapi Indonesia 1930
1,335 Mount Mayon Philippines 1897
1,335 Mount Taal Philippines 1911
1,151 Mount Asama Japan 1783
1,000 Cotopaxi Ecuador 1877
700 Mount Pinatubo Philippines 1991
353[3] Mount Merapi Indonesia 2010
245 Nyiragongo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2002
192 Furnas Portugal 1630
152 Mt Ruapehu, Tangiwai New Zealand 1953
150 Mount Tarawera New Zealand 1886
150[4] Torishima Japan 1902
65 Mount Rainier United States 1894
57 Mount St. Helens United States 1980
43 Mount Unzen Japan 1991
31[5] Nabro Volcano Eritrea 2011
19 Soufrière Hills Montserrat 1997
15[6] Sinabung Indonesia 2014
9 Galeras Colombia 1993
2 Dundebus Ecuador 2014

See also[edit]

References[edit]