List of wars before 1000

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Before 3,100 B.C.[edit]

Cemetery 117

3,100 B.C. — 1,000 B.C.[edit]

Ancient Near East conflicts[edit]

Ancient Asia conflicts[edit]

Ancient Europe conflicts[edit]

999 B.C. — 1 B.C.[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious parties (if applicable) Defeated parties (if applicable)
740 B.C. 720 B.C. First Messenian War Sparta Messenia
722 B.C. 481 B.C. Wars of the Chinese Spring and Autumn Period Han
Wei
Zhao
Qin
Chu
Qi
Yan
Those were the remaining major states
Smaller states
(consumed by other states)
710 B.C. 650 B.C. Lelantine War Eretria and allies Chalcis and allies
701 B.C. 701 B.C. Sennacherib's campaign
685 B.C. 668 B.C. Second Messenian War Sparta
Corinth
Lepreo
Cretan mercenaries
Messenia
Arcadia
Sicyon
Elis
Argos
499 B.C. 448 B.C. Persian Wars Greek city states:

Cyprus
Delian League
Other pro-Greek Forces

Achaemenid Empire of Persia
Other pro-Persian Forces
499 B.C. 494 B.C. Ionian Revolt
Part of the Persian Wars
Persia Ionia
Aeolis
Doris
Caria
Athens
Eretria
Cyprus
492 B.C. 490 B.C. First Persian invasion of Greece
Part of the Persian Wars
Persia Ionia
Aeolis
Doris
Caria
Athens
Eretria
Cyprus
480 B.C. 479 B.C. Second Persian invasion of Greece
Part of the Persian Wars
Greek city states led by Athens and Sparta Persian Empire
487 B.C. 448 B.C. Greek counterattack
Part of the Persian Wars
480 B.C. 307 B.C. Sicilian Wars
or Greek Punic Wars
480 B.C. 480 B.C. First Sicilian campaign (Battle of Himera)
Part of the Sicilian Wars
Syracuse
Agrigentum
Carthage
410 B.C. 340 B.C. Second Sicilian campaign
Part of the Sicilian Wars
315 B.C. 307 B.C. Third Sicilian campaign
Part of the Sicilian Wars
475 B.C. 221 B.C. Wars of Warring States period in China
460 B.C. 445 B.C. First Peloponnesian War
440 B.C. 440 B.C. Samian War Athens Samos
431 B.C. 404 B.C. Peloponnesian War Peloponnesian League Delian League
410 B.C. 340 B.C. Second Sicilian War
399 B.C. 394 B.C. Battle at Thermopoli Persian Empire Greek city states
395 B.C. 387 B.C. Corinthian War
390 B.C. (traditional)
387 B.C. (probable)
390 B.C. (traditional)
387 B.C. (probable)
Battle of the Allia Gauls Roman Republic
379 B.C. 373 B.C. Boeotian War Thebes Sparta
372 B.C. 362 B.C. Revolt of the Satraps Achaemenid Empire Rebel satrapies
358 B.C. 336 B.C. Wars of the Rise of Macedon
357 B.C. 355 B.C. Social War Chios
Rhodes
Kos
Byzantion
Second Athenian Empire
356 B.C. 346 B.C. Third Sacred War Amphictyonic League Phocis
Pherae
Athens
Sparta
343 B.C. 290 B.C. Samnite Wars Roman Republic Samnium
343 B.C. 341 B.C. First Samnite War
Part of the Samnite Wars
327 B.C. 304 B.C. Second Samnite War
Part of the Samnite Wars
298 B.C. 290 B.C. Third Samnite War
Part of the Samnite Wars
334 B.C. 323 B.C. Wars of Alexander the Great Macedon Persian Empire
Pauravas
Greek city states
Illyria
Thrace
Getae
Sogdiana
323 B.C. 322 B.C. Lamian War Macedon Athens
Aetolian League
Achaean League
Arcadians
Corinth
323 B.C. 280 B.C. Wars of the Diadochi
311 B.C. 309 B.C. Babylonian War Seleucid Empire Antigonid dynasty
305 B.C. 303 B.C. Seleucid-Mauryan War Maurya Empire Seleucid Empire
281 B.C. 279 B.C. Gallic invasion of the Balkans Aetolian League
Illyrians
Macedon
Thracians
Paeonians
Gauls
280 B.C. 275 B.C. Pyrrhic War Roman Republic
Carthage
Epirus
Magna Graecia
Samnium
274 B.C. 200 B.C. Syrian Wars
274 B.C. 271 B.C. First Syrian War
Part of the Syrian Wars
Ptolemaic Kingdom Seleucid Empire
260 B.C. 255 B.C. Second Syrian War
Part of the Syrian Wars
245 B.C. 241 B.C. Third Syrian War
Part of the Syrian Wars
Ptolemaic Kingdom Seleucid Empire
219 B.C. 217 B.C. Fourth Syrian War
Part of the Syrian Wars
Ptolemaic Kingdom Seleucid Empire
202 B.C. 200 B.C. Fifth Syrian War
Part of the Syrian Wars
267 B.C. 261 B.C. Chremonidean War Macedon Greek states, notably Athens and Sparta
Ptolemaic Egypt
265 B.C. 263 B.C. Kalinga War Maurya Empire Kalinga
264 B.C. 146 B.C. Punic Wars
264 B.C. 241 B.C. First Punic War
Part of the Punic Wars
Roman Republic Ancient Carthage
218 B.C. 202 B.C. Second Punic War
Part of the Punic Wars
Roman Republic Carthage
149 B.C. 146 BC
(ceremonial peace, 1985)
Third Punic War
Part of the Punic Wars
Roman Republic Carthage
238 B.C. 238 B.C. Parni conquest of Parthia Parni Parthia
circa 230 B.C. circa 220 B.C. Overthrow of Diodotus II Troops of Euthydemus I Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
230 B.C. 221 B.C. Qin's wars of unification Qin Han
Zhao
Dai
Yan
Wei
Chu
Qi
230 B.C. 230 B.C. Conquest of Han
Part of the Qin wars of unification
Qin Han
228 B.C. 228 B.C. Conquest of Zhao
Part of the Qin wars of unification
Qin Zhao
226 B.C. 226 B.C. First Conquest of Yan
Part of the Qin wars of unification
Qin Yan
225 B.C. 225 B.C. Conquest of Wei
Part of the Qin wars of unification
Qin Wei
225 B.C. 223 B.C. Conquest of Chu
Part of the Qin wars of unification
Qin Chu
222 B.C. 222 B.C. Second Conquest of Yan
Part of the Qin wars of unification
Qin Yan
222 B.C. 222 B.C. Conquest of Dai
Part of the Qin wars of unification
Qin Dai
222 B.C. 222 B.C. Conquest of Wu
Part of the Qin wars of unification
Qin Wu
221 B.C. 221 B.C. Conquest of Qi
Part of the Qin wars of unification
Qin Qi
229 B.C. 222 B.C. Cleomenean War Achaean League
Macedon
Sparta
Elis
215 B.C. 168 B.C. Macedonian Wars Roman Republic Macedonian Empire
215 B.C. 205 B.C. First Macedonian War
Part of the Macedonian Wars
Roman Republic
Aetolian League
Pergamon
Sparta
Elis
Messenia
Macedonia
Achaean League
200 B.C. 196 B.C. Second Macedonian War
Part of the Macedonian Wars
Roman Republic
Pergamon
Rhodes
Macedon
171 B.C. 168 B.C. Third Macedonian War
Part of the Macedonian Wars
Roman Republic
Pergamon
Macedon
circa 210 B.C. circa 206 B.C. Seleucid invasion of Bactria Greco-Bactrian Kingdom Seleucid Empire
208 B.C. circa 206 B.C. Siege of Bactra
Part of the Seleucid invasion of Bactria
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom Seleucid Empire
209 B.C. 88 B.C. Seleucid–Parthian wars Parthian Empire Seleucid Empire
206 B.C. 202 B.C. Chu-Han contention Han Western Chu
205 B.C. 200 B.C. Cretan War Rhodes
Pergamum
Byzantium
Cyzicus
Athens
Knossos
Macedon
Hierapytna
Olous
Aetolia
Spartan pirates
Acarnania
195 B.C. 195 B.C. Roman-Spartan War Roman Republic
Achaean League
Macedon
Pergamum
Rhodes
Sparta
191 B.C. 188 B.C. Roman-Syrian War Roman Republic
Achaean League
Macedon
Pergamum
Rhodes
Seleucid Empire
Aetolian League
Athamania
189 B.C. 189 B.C. Galatian War Roman Republic
Pergamum
Galatia
180 B.C. 175 B.C. Bactrian Expansion into India Greco-Bactrian Kingdom Sunga Empire
Remnants of the Maurya Empire
170 B.C. 170 B.C. Usurpation of Eucratides Troops of Eucratides I Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
circa 167 B.C. circa 167 B.C. Parthian invasion into Bactria Parthian Empire
Loyalists to the Euthydemid dynasty
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
167 B.C. 160 B.C. Maccabean Revolt Judea Seleucid Empire
162 B.C. circa 70 B.C. Nomadic invasions into Bactria Yuezhi
Scythians, mainly the Saka
Wusun
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
138 B.C. 111 B.C. Han campaigns against Minyue
Part of the Han wars against the Baiyue
Han Dynasty Minyue
135 B.C. 71 B.C. Roman Servile Wars Roman Republic Revolting slaves
135 B.C. 132 B.C. First Servile War
Part of the Roman Servile Wars
Roman Republic Slaves of Sicily
111 B.C. 111 B.C. Han–Nanyue War
Part of the Han wars against the Baiyue
Han Dynasty Nanyue
109 B.C. 109 B.C. Han campaigns against Dian
Part of the Han wars against the Baiyue
Han Dynasty Dian Kingdom
104 B.C. 100 B.C. Second Servile War
Part of the Roman Servile Wars
Roman Republic Slaves of Sicily
73 B.C. 71 B.C. Third Servile War
or Spartacist Rebellion
Part of the Roman Servile Wars
Roman Republic Army of escaped slaves under Spartacus
133 B.C. 89 B.C. Han–Xiongnu War Han empire Xiongnu
122 B.C. 105 B.C. Jugurthine War Roman Republic Numidia
113 B.C. 101 B.C. Cimbrian War Roman Republic Cimbri, Teutons
109 B.C. 108 B.C. Gojoseon-Han War Han Dynasty Gojoseon
91 B.C. 88 B.C. Social War Roman Republic Cities of Italy under Marsi and Samnium
88 B.C. 87 B.C. Sulla's first civil war
89 B.C. 63 B.C. Mithridatic Wars Roman Republic Kingdom of Pontus
89 B.C. 85 B.C. First Mithridatic War
Part of the Mithridatic Wars
Roman Republic
Kingdom of Bithynia
Kingdom of Pontus
Greek rebels
83 B.C. 82 B.C. Second Mithridatic War
Part of the Mithridatic Wars
Roman Republic Kingdom of Pontus
74 B.C. 63 B.C. Third Mithridatic War
Part of the Mithridatic Wars
Roman Republic
Bithynia
Kingdom of Pontus
Kingdom of Armenia
65 B.C. 65 B.C. Pompey's Georgian campaign Roman Republic Iberian Kingdom
82 B.C. 81 B.C. Sulla's second civil war Optimates Populares
58 B.C. 50 B.C. Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars Roman Republic Gallic tribes
Belgic tribes
British tribes
Aquitanian tribes
Germanic tribes
Iberian tribes
55 B.C. 54 B.C. Julius Caesar's Roman invasion of Britain Roman Republic
Trinovantes
Britons
53 B.C. 51 B.C. Parthian War
of Marcus Licinius Crassus
Parthian Empire Roman Republic
49 B.C. 45 B.C. Caesar's Civil War Julius Caesar and supporters
Populares
Roman Senate
Optimates
44 B.C. 30 B.C. Roman civil wars
44 B.C. 44 B.C. Post-Caesarian civil war
Part of the Roman civil wars
44 B.C. 42 B.C. Liberators' civil war
Part of the Roman civil wars
Second Triumvirate Liberatores
44 B.C. 36 B.C. Sicilian revolt
Part of the Roman civil wars
Roman Republic Sextus Pompeius and his troops
41 B.C. 40 B.C. Fulvia's civil war
Part of the Roman civil wars
Roman Republic Forces of Fulvia and Lucius Antonius
32 B.C. 30 B.C. Final War of the Roman Republic
Part of the Roman civil wars
Roman Republic (supporters of Octavian) Ptolemaic Egypt and the supporters of Mark Antony
40 B.C. 33 B.C. Antony's Parthian War
34 B.C. 22 B.C. Chinese War

1 A.D. — 999 A.D.[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
43 A.D. 96 A.D. Roman conquest of Britain
circa 58 A.D. circa 58 A.D. Hermunduri-Chatti War Hermunduri Chatti
58 A.D. 63 A.D. Roman–Parthian War of 58–63
60 A.D. 61 A.D. Boudica's Uprising
66 A.D. 73 A.D. First Jewish–Roman War Roman Empire Judean rebels: Sadducees and Volunteers from Adiabene
69 A.D. 69 A.D. Year of the Four Emperors
101 A.D. 102 A.D. First Dacian War
105 A.D. 106 A.D. Second Dacian War Roman Empire Dacian Kingdom
115 A.D. 117 A.D. Kitos War Roman Empire Jews of Cyprus, Cyrenaica, Aegipta, Mesopotamia and Iudaea
132 A.D. 136 A.D. Bar Kokhba revolt Roman Empire Jews of Iudaea under Simon Bar Kokhba
161 A.D. 166 A.D. Roman–Parthian War of 161–166
166 A.D. 180 A.D. Marcomannic Wars Roman Empire Marcomanni
Quadi
Iazyges
184 A.D. 205 A.D. Yellow Turban Rebellion Han Dynasty Yellow Turban rebels
190 A.D. 191 A.D. Campaign against Dong Zhuo
194 A.D. 199 A.D. Sun Ce's conquests in Jiangdong Sun Ce Shanyue
Various warlords
216 A.D. 216 A.D. Parthian war of Caracalla
225 A.D. 225 A.D. Zhuge Liang's Southern Campaign Shu Han Shu rebels
Nanman
228 A.D. 234 A.D. Zhuge Liang's Northern Expeditions
247 A.D. 262 A.D. Jiang Wei's Northern Expeditions
263 A.D. 263 A.D. Conquest of Shu by Wei Cao Wei Shu Han
279 A.D. 280 A.D. Conquest of Wu by Jin Jin Dynasty Eastern Wu
291 A.D. 306 A.D. War of the Eight Princes
376 A.D. 382 A.D. Gothic War (376–382) Byzantine Empire Ostrogoths Franks
395 A.D. 410 A.D. Conquests of Alaric I
395 A.D. 397 A.D. Visigothic Invasion of Greece
Part of the Conquests of Alaric I
circa 398 A.D. circa 398 A.D. Stilicho's Pictish War Western Roman Empire Picts
Saxons
Scots
circa 401 A.D. circa 403 A.D. Visigothic First Invasion of Italy
Part of the Conquests of Alaric I
Western Roman Empire Visigoths
408 A.D. 410 A.D. Visigothic Second Invasion of Italy
Part of the Conquests of Alaric I
Visigoths Western Roman Empire
410 A.D. 410 A.D. Sack of Rome (410)
Part of the Conquests of Alaric I
Visigoths Western Roman Empire
421 A.D. 422 A.D. Roman–Sasanian War (421–422)
455 A.D. 455 A.D. Sack of Rome (455) Vandals Western Roman Empire
502 A.D. 506 A.D. Anastasian War
507 A.D. 507 A.D. Battle of Vouillé Franks
Taifals
Visigoths
526 A.D. 532 A.D. Iberian War
527 A.D. 527 A.D. Iwai Rebellion
circa 531 A.D. circa 531 A.D. Battle of Unstrut Franks Kingdom of Thuringia
533 A.D. 534 A.D. Vandalic War Byzantine Empire Vandalic Kingdom
534 A.D. 537 A.D. Wars against the Moors
535 A.D. 554 A.D. Gothic War (535–554)
537 A.D. 572 A.D. First Tikal-Calakmul War Calakmul Tikal
541 A.D. 562 A.D. Lazic War
572 A.D. 591 A.D. Byzantine–Sasanian War of 572–591 Byzantine Empire
Ghassanids
Armenians
Sassanid Persian Empire
Lakhmids
Armenians
588 A.D. 588 A.D. First Perso-Turkic War Sassanid Persians Hephthalite principalities
Western Turkic Khaganate
598 A.D. 614 A.D. Goguryeo–Sui Wars Goguryeo Sui Dynasty
600 A.D. 793 A.D. Frisian–Frankish wars Frankish Empire Frisian Kingdom
602 A.D. 628 A.D. Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628
613 A.D. 628 A.D. Transition from Sui to Tang
619 A.D. 619 A.D. Second Perso-Turkic War
622 A.D. 630 A.D. MuslimQuraysh War Muslims Quraysh tribe
627 A.D. 629 A.D. Third Perso-Turkic War
629 A.D. 630 A.D. Emperor Taizong's campaign against Eastern Tujue Tang Dynasty
630 A.D. 630 A.D. Battle of Hunayn Muslims
Quraysh tribe
Hawazin
Thaqif
632 A.D. 633 A.D. Ridda wars
633 A.D. 644 A.D. Muslim conquest of Persia
Part of the Muslim conquests
Rashidun Caliphate Sassanid Empire
Arab Christians
634 A.D. 1180 A.D. Byzantine–Arab Wars
Part of the Muslim conquests
634 A.D. 638 A.D. Muslim conquest of the Levant
Part of the Byzantine–Arab Wars
Rashidun Caliphate Byzantine Empire
Ghassanids
637 A.D. 709 A.D. Muslim conquest of the Maghreb
Part of the Byzantine–Arab Wars
Rashidun Caliphate
Umayyad Caliphate
Byzantine Empire
Berbers
634 A.D. 635 A.D. Emperor Taizong's campaign against Tuyuhun
638 A.D. 638 A.D. Emperor Taizong's campaign against Tufan
639 A.D. 642 A.D. Muslim conquest of Egypt Rashidun Caliphate Byzantine Empire
640 A.D. 657 A.D. Tang campaigns against the Western Turks Tang Dynasty Western Turkic Khaganate
640 A.D. 648 A.D. Emperor Taizong's campaign against Xiyu states
Part of the Tang wars against the Western Turks
Tang Dynasty States of the Western Regions
640 A.D. 640 A.D. Tang campaign against Karakhoja
Part of the Tang wars against the Western Turks
Tang Dynasty Gaochang
644 A.D. 648 A.D. Tang campaigns against Karasahr
Part of the Tang wars against the Western Turks
Tang Dynasty Karasahr
644 A.D. 668 A.D. Goguryeo–Tang War Tang Dynasty
Silla
Goguryeo
Baekje
Mohe
648 A.D. 648 A.D. Tang campaign against Kucha
Part of the Tang wars against the Western Turks
Tang Dynasty Kucha
645 A.D. 646 A.D. Emperor Taizong's campaign against Xueyantuo
650 A.D. 695 A.D. Second Tikal-Calakmul War Tikal Calakmul
650 A.D. 758 A.D. Khazar–Arab Wars
656 A.D. 661 A.D. First Fitna Aisha's forces
Muawiya's forces
Kharijites
Rashidun Caliphate
657 A.D. 657 A.D. Conquest of the Western Turks
Part of the Tang wars against the Western Turks
Tang Dynasty Western Turkic Khaganate
670 A.D. 676 A.D. Silla–Tang Wars
672 A.D. 672 A.D. Jinshin War
680 A.D. 1355 A.D. Byzantine–Bulgarian Wars
680 A.D. 692 A.D. Second Fitna Umayyad Caliphate Zubayrids
Alids
711 A.D. 718 A.D. Umayyad conquest of Hispania
715 A.D. 718 A.D. Frankish Civil War
717 A.D. 718 A.D. Siege of Constantinople (717–18)
Part of the Byzantine–Arab Wars
Byzantine Empire
Bulgar Khanate
Umayyad Caliphate
720 A.D. 744 A.D. Third Tikal-Calakmul War Tikal Calakmul
732 A.D. 732 A.D. Battle of Tours Merovingian Franks Umayyad Caliphate
735 A.D. 737 A.D. Marwan ibn Muhammad's invasion of Georgia
746 A.D. 750 A.D. Abbasid Revolution Abbasid Caliphate Umayyad Caliphate
751 A.D. 751 A.D. Battle of Talas Abbasid Caliphate Tang Dynasty
Karluk mercenaries
755 A.D. 763 A.D. An Lushan Rebellion Tang Empire Yan
772 A.D. 804 A.D. Saxon Wars Frankish Empire Saxons
839 A.D. 1330 A.D. Bulgarian-Serbian Wars Serbian Kingdoms First Bulgarian Empire
854 A.D. 1000 A.D. Croatian–Bulgarian Wars
894 A.D. 1003 A.D. Bulgarian–Hungarian Wars
869 A.D. 883 A.D. Zanj Rebellion
955 A.D. 955 A.D. Battle of Lechfeld Kingdom of Germany
Bohemia
Magyars
941 A.D. 941 A.D. Rus'–Byzantine War (941) Byzantine Empire Kievan Rus'
977 A.D. 978 A.D. War of the Three Henries (977–978)
993 A.D. 993 A.D. First conflict in the Goryeo–Khitan War
999 A.D. 999 A.D. Battle of Svolder Denmark
Sweden
Jarls of Lade
Norway