List of wars involving England

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This is a list of wars involving the Kingdom of England prior to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain via the Acts of Union 1707.

11th century[edit]

Beginning End Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding England) Outcome
Allies Enemies
937 1066 Viking invasions of England Denmark

Norway

Dano-Norwegian victory
1066 1088 Norman Conquest of England Flag of Wessex.svg Kingdom of England Arms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svg Duchy of Normandy Total Norman victory
1096 1099 First Crusade Holy Roman Empire

Kingdom of France
Duchy of Apulia
Byzantine Empire
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Great Seljuq Empire

Danishmends
Fatimids
Almoravids
Abbasids

Crusader victory

12th century[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding England) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1135 1154 The Anarchy Arms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svg Supporters of Stephen of Blois Royal Arms of England (1154-1189).svg Supporters of Empress Matilda and Henry Curtmantle Treaty of Wallingford
  • Stephen ousted, Henry crowned King of England.
1145 1149 Second Crusade Kingdom of Jerusalem

Kingdom of France
Holy Roman Empire
Kingdom of Portugal
Castile
County of Barcelona
León
Byzantine Empire
Kingdom of Sicily

Sultanate of Rum

Almoravids
Almohads
Zengids
Abbasids
Fatimids

Muslims victory
1189 1192 Third Crusade Armoiries de Jérusalem.svg Kingdom of Jerusalem

France Ancient.svg France
Holy Roman Empire Arms-single head.svg Holy Roman Empire
Alex K Kingdom of Hungary.svg Kingdom of Hungary

Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Ayyubids

Flag of Jihad.svg Zengids
Sultanate of Rum
Palaiologos-Dynasty-Eagle.svg Byzantine Empire
Aragon-Sicily Arms.svg Kingdom of Sicily

Treaty of Ramla
  • Partial Crusader victory

13th century[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding England) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1215 1217 First Barons' War England COA.svg Pro-Angevin forces Rebel Barons

France Ancient.svg France

French invasion, followed by return to antebellum status quo.
1242 1242 Saintonge War France Ancient.svg France French victory
1264 1267 Second Barons' War Rebel barons Monarchic victory
1271 1272 Ninth Crusade France Ancient.svg France

Armoiries Chypre.svg Kingdom of Cyprus
Armoiries de Jérusalem.svg Kingdom of Jerusalem
Armoiries Bohémond VI d'Antioche.svg County of Tripoli
Ilkhanate
Armoiries Héthoumides.svg Armenian Cilicia

Mameluke Flag.svg Mamluks Mamluk Victory
1296 1328 First War of Scottish Independence Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg Kingdom of Scotland Scottish victory

14th century[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding England) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1321 1322 Despenser War Marcher Lords Royalist victory
1324 1324 War of Saint-Sardos France Ancient.svg France French victory
1332 1357 Second War of Scottish Independence Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg Kingdom of Scotland

France Ancient.svg France

Scottish victory
1337 1453 Hundred Years' War Ancient Flag of Burgundy.svg Duchy of Burgundy

COA fr BRE.svg Duchy of Brittany (Montfort)
PortugueseFlag1248.svg Portugal
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg Navarre
Blason Nord-Pas-De-Calais.svg Flanders
Hainaut Modern Arms.svg Hainaut
Luxembourg New Arms.svg Luxembourg
 Holy Roman Empire

CoA France moderne.svg France

Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Castile
Royal coat of arms of Scotland.svg Scotland
Flag of Genoa.svg Genoa
Armoiries Majorque.svg Majorca
Flag of Bohemia.svg Bohemia
Estandarte de la Corona de Aragon.svg Aragon
COA fr BRE.svg Brittany (Blois)

French victory
1377 1575 Anglo-Scottish Wars Royal coat of arms of Scotland.svg Scotland Stalemate
1381 1382 Third Ferdinand War PortugueseFlag1385.svg Portugal Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg Castile Castillian victory

15th century[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding England) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1400 1415 Glyndŵr Rising
Part of the Hundred Years' War
Wales Total English victory
1455 1485 Wars of the Roses Lancashire rose.svg House of Lancaster Yorkshire rose.svg House of York Lancastrian victory, founding of the House of Tudor
1470 1474 Anglo-Hanseatic War Hanseatic League Hanseatic victory
1497 1497 Cornish Rebellion of 1497 Cornish rebels English victory

16th century[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding England) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1511 1516 War of the League of Cambrai Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg Papal States

Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice.svg Venice
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spain
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806).svg Holy Roman Empire
Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Swiss mercenaries

Pavillon royal de la France.png France

Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg Duchy of Ferrara
Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland

French and Venetian victory
1521 1526 Italian War of 1521–26 Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg Papal States

Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spain
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806).svg Holy Roman Empire

Pavillon royal de la France.png France

Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice.svg Venice

Spanish victory
1526 1530 War of the League of Cognac Pavillon royal de la France.png France

Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg Papal States
Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice.svg Venice
Flag of Florence.svg Florence
Flag of Milan.svg Duchy of Milan

Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spain

Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806).svg Holy Roman Empire
Flag of Genoa.svg Republic of Genoa

Spanish-Imperial Victory
1542 1546 Italian War of 1542–46 Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spain

Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806).svg Holy Roman Empire
Flag of Electoral Saxony.svg Saxony
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png Brandenburg

Pavillon royal de la France.png France

Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1453-1517).svg Ottoman Empire
Armoiries Guillaume de Clèves.png Jülich-Cleves-Berg

Inconclusive
1543 1550 Rough Wooing Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Treaty of Norham, Scottish victory
1549 1549 Prayer Book Rebellion Southwestern Catholics Edwardian victory
1551 1559 Italian War of 1551–59 Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spain

Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806).svg Holy Roman Empire
Medici Flag of Tuscany.png Duchy of Florence
Savoie flag.svg Duchy of Savoy

Pavillon royal de la France.png France

Siena-Stemma.png Republic of Siena
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1453-1517).svg Ottoman Empire

Spanish victory, Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis
1566 1648 Eighty Years' War Prinsenvlag.svg Dutch Republic

Royal Standard of the King of France.svg France
Huguenots
German Protestants

Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spain

Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806).svg Holy Roman Empire

Peace of Münster, independent Netherlands

16th century[edit]

Beginning End Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding England) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1580 1583 War of the Portuguese Succession Portugal Portugal loyal to Prior of Crato

 France
 United Provinces

Spain Spain

Portugal Portugal loyal to Philip of Spain

Defeat
1585 1604 Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)  United Provinces

 France
Portugal Portuguese loyal to Prior of Crato
French Huguenot forces

Spain Spain

French Catholic League
O'Neill Clan.png Irish alliance
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John

Stalemate
1594 1603 Nine Years' War (Ireland) O'Neill Clan.png Alliance of Irish clans

Spain Spain
Scottish Gaelic mercenaries

Victory

17th century[edit]

1602[edit]

Dutch-Portuguese War (1602–1661)

1625[edit]

Anglo-Spanish War (1625–1630)

1627[edit]

Anglo-French War (1627–1629)

1639–1653[edit]

Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Bishops' Wars (1639–1640) (England v Scotland) Irish Confederate Wars (1641–1653)

1642[edit]

English Civil War (1642–1651)

1652[edit]

First Anglo-Dutch War (1652–1654)

1654[edit]

Anglo-Spanish War (1654–1660)

1665[edit]

Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665–1667)

1672[edit]

Third Anglo-Dutch War (1672–1674) Franco-Dutch War (1672–1678)

1672[edit]

Rampjaar (1672)

1688[edit]

Nine Years' War (1688–1697) (England/Scotland, Germany, Netherlands, Savoy, Spain, and Sweden v France)

18th century[edit]

1701[edit]

War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) (Great Britain (from 1707), Germany, Dutch Republic, Portugal, and Savoy v France, Spain, Mantua, and the electorates of Bavaria and Cologne)

List of civil wars[edit]

  1. Rebellion of 1088 – in England and Normandy
  2. The Anarchy (1135–54) – in England
  3. Revolt of 1173–74 – in England, Normandy, and Anjou
  4. First Barons' War (1215–17) – in England
  5. Second Barons' War (1264–67) – in England
  6. Welsh Uprising (1282) – in England and Wales
  7. Peasants' Revolt (1381) – in England
  8. Wars of the Roses (1455–1485) – in England and Wales; Richard III was the last English king to die in combat
  9. Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1639–1651) – in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
  10. Monmouth Rebellion (1685) – in England
  11. Jacobite Rebellions (1689–91; 1715–16; 1719; 1745–46) – in England, Scotland and Ireland

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geoffrey Parker p.73