List of wars involving Georgia (country)

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The following is an incomplete list of major wars fought by Georgia, by Georgian people or regular armies during periods when independent Georgian states existed, from antiquity to the present day. It also includes wars fought outside of Georgia by Georgian military. The list gives the name, the date, combatants, and the result of these conflicts following this legend:

      Georgian victory
      Georgian defeat
      Another result (e.g. a treaty or peace without a clear result, status quo ante bellum, result of civil or internal conflict, result unknown or indecisive)
      Ongoing conflict

Diaokhi[edit]

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1118-845 BC The intervention of the Assyrian Empire Diauehi Assyria Defeat
Mid-8th century BC Intervention Urartu Diauehi Urartu Defeat

Colchis and Iberia[edit]

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
720s BC Invasion of the Western Georgian power of Colchis by Scythians and Cimmerians. Colchis Scythia
Cimmeria
Colchis weakened
End of 3rd century BC Unification of Eastern Georgian tribes into the kingdom of Iberia (or Kartli) under Prince Pharnavaz Kingdom of Iberia Seleucid Empire Independence from the Seleucid Empire.
65 BC Pompey's Georgian campaign Kingdom of Iberia Roman Republic Defeat
65 BC Pompey's campaign in Caucasian Albania Kingdom of Iberia
Roman Republic
Caucasian Albania Victory
51 Armenia–Iberia War
Kingdom of Iberia Kingdom of Armenia Victory
58-63 Roman–Parthian War Roman Empire
Kingdom of Iberia
Parthian Empire
Kingdom of Armenia
Compromise
482-484 King Vakhtang I Gorgasali's war of resistance against the Persian invaders in Kartli. Kingdom of Iberia
Byzantine Empire
Sassanid Empire Defeat
526-532 Iberian War Byzantine Empire
Kingdom of Iberia
Sassanid Empire
Lakhmids
Status quo ante bellum
541-562 Lazic War Sassanid Empire
Lazica (541-548)
Byzantine Empire
Lazica (after 548)
Status quo ante bellum
602-628 Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628 Sassanid Empire
Kingdom of Iberia
Byzantine Empire
Western Turkic Khaganate
Status quo ante bellum
735-737 Marwan ibn Muhammad's invasion of Georgia Kingdom of Iberia
Lazica
Umayyad Caliphate Defeat
914 Sajid invasion of Georgia First Kingdom of Kakheti Sajid dynasty The aggressor has not reached the goal

United Kingdom[edit]

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1080 Great Turkish Invasion Sakartvelo - drosha.svg Kingdom of Georgia
First Kingdom of Kakheti
Seljuq flag.png Great Seljuq Empire Defeat
1014-1023 Byzantine–Georgian wars Sakartvelo - drosha.svg Kingdom of Georgia
Palaiologos-Dynasty-Eagle.svg Byzantine Empire Defeat
1074 Battle of Partskhisi Sakartvelo - drosha.svg Kingdom of Georgia Seljuqs Eagle.svg Great Seljuq Empire Victory
1104 Battle of Ertsukhi KingDavidtheBuilderFlag.svg Kingdom of Georgia Seljuqs Eagle.svg Great Seljuq Empire Victory
1121 Battle of Didgori KingDavidtheBuilderFlag.svg Georgian Empire Seljuqs Eagle.svg Great Seljuq Empire Victory
1122 Capture Emirate of Tbilisi KingDavidtheBuilderFlag.svg Georgian Empire Emirate of Tbilisi Victory
1124 Capture State Shirvanshakhs KingDavidtheBuilderFlag.svg Georgian Empire Seljuqs Eagle.svg Great Seljuq Empire Victory
1195 Battle of Shamkor QueenTamarFlag.svg Georgian Empire Atabegs of Azerbaijan Victory
1195 Battle of Basian QueenTamarFlag.svg Georgian Empire Sultanate of Rum Victory
1204 Intervention in Chaldia QueenTamarFlag.svg Georgian Empire Palaiologos-Dynasty-Eagle.svg Byzantine Empire Victory
1210 Expedition of Georgian army in Iran QueenTamarFlag.svg Georgian Empire Atabegs of Azerbaijan Victory
1225-1231 Khwarezmian invasion of Georgia Sakartvelo - drosha.svg Georgian Empire Khwarazmian dynasty Defeat
1235-1236 Mongol invasions of Georgia and Armenia Sakartvelo - drosha.svg Georgian Empire
  • Zakarid Armenia
Mongol Empire Defeat
1260-1323 Mongol invasions of the Levant Flag of Ilkhanate.gif Ilkhanate of the Mongol Empire
Rubenid Flag.svg Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Sakartvelo - drosha.svg Kingdom of Georgia
Sultanate of Rum
Armoiries Bohémond VI d'Antioche.svg Principality of Antioch
Armoiries Tripoli.svg County of Tripoli

Golden Horde flag 1339.svg Golden Horde of the Mongol Empire (1259-1264)
Flag of England.svg Kingdom of England
Cross of the Knights Templar.svg Knights Templar

Mameluke Flag.svg Mamluk Sultanate

Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Ayyubids
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg Golden Horde of the Mongol Empire (after 1264)
Karamanid Dynasty flag.svg Karamanid rebels
Black flag.svg Abbasid Caliphate

Treaty of Aleppo
1281 Second Battle of Homs Ilkhanate
Georgia (country) Kingdom of Georgia
Rubenid Flag.svg Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Mameluke Flag.svg Mamluk Sultanate| Defeat
1330 King George V of Georgia expels the Mongols and restores the integrity of the Kingdom of Georgia Georgia (country) Kingdom of Georgia Ilkhanate Victory
1386-1403 Timur's invasions of Georgia Georgia (country) Kingdom of Georgia Timurid.svg Timurid dynasty Peace was concluded
1407-1502 Turkmen invasions of Georgia Georgia (country) Kingdom of Georgia

Safavid Empire (1502)

Kara Koyunlu (1407-1468)
Aq Qoyunlu (1468-1502)
Victory

Kingdoms and principalities[edit]

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1545 Battle of Sokhoista Georgia (country) Kingdom of Imereti
Principality of Mingrelia
Principality of Guria
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1453-1517).svg Ottoman Empire Defeat
1567 Battle of Digomi Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli Safavid Flag.svg Safavid Empire Victory
1558 Battle of Garisi Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli Safavid Flag.svg Safavid Empire Pyrrhic victory
1578 Battle of Çıldır Flag of Persia 1502.png Safavid Empire
Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (1453-1517).svg Ottoman Empire Defeat
1609 Battle of Tashiskari Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli  Ottoman Empire
Gerae-tamga.png Crimean Khanate
Victory
1625 Battle of Martqopi Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli Flag of Persia 1502.png Safavid Empire Victory
1625 Battle of Marabda Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli Flag of Persia 1502.png Safavid Empire Defeat
1659 Bakhtrioni Uprising Kakheti CoA tr.png Kingdom of Kakheti Flag of Persia 1502.png Safavid Empire Defeat
1722-1723 Russo-Persian War (1722–23)  Russian Empire
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Ukrainian Cossacks
Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli
Flag of Shah Tahmasp I.svg Safavid Persian Empire The planned aid from Russia did not come
1757 Battle of Khresili Georgia (country) Kingdom of Imereti  Ottoman Empire Victory
1770 Battle of Aspindza Kartl-Kakheti  Ottoman Empire Victory
1751 Battle of Kirkhbulakh Kartl-Kakheti Flag of Persia 1502.png Safavid Empire Victory
1768-1774 Russo-Turkish War (1768–74)  Russian Empire

Greek Revolution flag.svg Greek insurgents
Flag of Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti.svg Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti
Imeretiflag.jpg Kingdom of Imereti

 Ottoman Empire Victory
1795 Battle of Krtsanisi Flag of Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti.svg Kartli-Kakheti
Georgia (country) Imereti
Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire
* Ganja Khanate
* Erivan Khanate
Defeat
1806-1812 Russo-Turkish War (1806–12) Russia Russian Empire
Principality of Mingrelia
Banner of Guria.svg Principality of Guria
Principality of Abkhazia (1810-1812)
Wallachia
 Ottoman Empire
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimean Khanate
Republic of Dubrovnik Flag.png Republic of Ragusa
Principality of Abkhazia (1808-1810)
Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire
Victory
16th-19th Lekianoba Kakheti CoA tr.png Kingdom of Kakheti
Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli
Flag of Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti.svg Kartli-Kakheti
Georgia (country) Imereti
Lezgian Beginning in 1801, with the annexation of Georgia by the Russian Empire, the Dagestani inroads weakened significantly.
1817-1864 Caucasian War Russia Russian Empire
Principality of Mingrelia
Banner of Guria.svg Principality of Guria
Principality of Svaneti (1817-1829)
Principality of Abkhazia
Thirdimamateflag.svg Caucasian Imamate
Flag of Adygea.svg Circassia
Abkhazian insurgents
Big Kabarda (to 1825)
Khanate of Kazi-Kumukh
Dagestan free
Avar Khanate (1829–1859)
Caucasus annexed into Russia.

Democratic Republic of Georgia[edit]

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1914-1918 Caucasus Campaign  Russian Empire (1914–17)

 United Kingdom (1918)
Armenia Armenia
(1918)

Central Caspian Dictatorship (1918)


 Russian SFSR (1918)
Baku Commune (1918)

 Ottoman Empire

Azerbaijan Azerbaijan (1918)
 German Empire (1914–17)


 German Empire (1918)
Georgia (1918)

Compromise
1918 Turkish-Georgian war Democratic Republic of Georgia  Ottoman Empire Compromise
1918 German Caucasus Expedition German Empire German Empire

Democratic Republic of Georgia


Ottoman flag.svg Ottoman Empire

 Russian SFSR Indecisive
1918-1919 Sochi conflict Flag of Georgia (1990-2004).svg  Democratic Republic of Georgia

Flag of Abkhazia.svg  Abkhazians within Georgia

Russia  White movement

Flag of Russian SFSR (1918-1937).svg  Kuban-Black Sea Soviet Republic

Defeat
1918 Georgian–Armenian War  Democratic Republic of Georgia  First Republic of Armenia Indecisive
1918-1920 Georgian–Ossetian conflict (1918–20) Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic
Democratic Republic of Georgia
Ossetian rebels
 Russian SFSR
Victory
1920 1920 Georgian coup attempt Democratic Republic of Georgia  Russian SFSR
Georgian and armenian Bolsheviks
Victory
1921 Red Army invasion of Georgia Democratic Republic of Georgia  Russian SFSR
 Armenian SSR
 Azerbaijan SSR
Turkey Turkish Provisional Government
Defeat

Georgian SSR[edit]

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1924 August Uprising  Soviet Union

 Georgian SSR

Georgia (country) Committee for the Independence of Georgia
other Georgian guerrilla groups
Victory
1941-1945 World War II  Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
 Yugoslavia
 Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil
 Mexico
 Ethiopia
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
 Hungary
 Romania
 Bulgaria
 Finland
 Thailand
 Manchukuo
 Croatia
 Slovakia
Victory
1979-1989 Soviet War in Afghanistan  Soviet Union
Afghanistan Afghanistan
Peshawar Seven
Tehran Eight
Withdrawal

Republic of Georgia[edit]

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
1993 Georgian Civil War Georgia (country) Zviadists Georgia (country) Georgia
 Russia
The new government to destabilize the country
1991-1992 South Ossetian War  Georgia  Russia
 South Ossetia
 North Ossetia-Alania
Defeat
1991-1994 War in Abkhazia  Georgia  Russia
 Abkhazia
Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
Defeat
2003-2004 2004 Adjara crisis Georgia (country) Georgia Flag of Ajara, 2000-2004.svg Adjara
  • State Security of Adjara
  • Pro-Abashidze forces and protesters
Victory
2008 Russo-Georgian War  Georgia  Russia
 South Ossetia
 Abkhazia
Defeat
2001-2014 War in Afghanistan  United States
 Afghanistan
ISAF
 United Kingdom
 Germany
 Denmark
 Italy
 France
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 El Salvador
 Armenia
 Georgia
 Norway
 Sweden
 Poland
 Estonia
 Romania
 Turkey
 Bulgaria
 Hungary
 Luxembourg
 Portugal
 Austria
 Jordan
 Albania
 Iceland
Northern Alliance
Afghanistan Taliban
al-Qaeda
Mujahideen
IMU
Haqqani network
ETIM
Islamic Jihad Union
Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin
Flag of Jihad.svg United Tajik Opposition
Victory
2003-2011 Iraq War  United States
 Iraq
 United Kingdom
 South Korea
 Italy
 Poland
 Australia
 Georgia
 Ukraine
 Estonia
 Netherlands
 Spain
 Denmark
MNF–I INC
Iraq New Iraqi Army
KDP
PUK
 Turkey (Political Support)
Iraq Iraq
Ba'ath Loyalists
SCJL
Naqshbandi Army
Islamic State of Iraq
Al-Qaeda
Mahdi Army
Special Groups
Badr Brigades
Victory
2015–present War in Afghanistan (2015–present) Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Advisers, Non-combat support, & Counter-terrorism operations:

Resolute Support

Afghanistan Taliban

Flag of Jihad.svg al-Qaeda
Haqqani network
Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin
Flag of Jihad.svg United Tajik Opposition

Ongoing

See also[edit]