List of wars involving Great Britain

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This is a list of wars involving the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from 1922 to the present day, those involving the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1707–1801 and those involving the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801–1922.

During its history, British forces or forces with a British mandate have invaded, had some control over or fought conflicts in 171 of the world's 193 countries that are currently UN member states, or nine out of ten of all countries (or 89% of UN Nations).[1]

Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1801)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding Britain) Outcome
Opposed Powers Side 1 (Britain) Opposed Powers Side 2
1700 1721 The Great Northern War
Russia Tsardom of Russia

Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate
Denmark Denmark–Norway
 Electorate of Saxony
Province of Hanover Hanover

Sweden Swedish Empire

 Ottoman Empire
 United Provinces
Coat of Arms of Brunswick-Lüneburg.svg Brunswick-Lüneburg

Coalition victory:
1701 1714 The War of the Spanish Succession


Holy Roman Empire Austria

 Dutch Republic
Portugal Portugal


Bavaria Bavaria

Treaty of Utrecht:
  • Territory in Canada and the West Indies ceded from France
  • Territory in Europe ceded from Spain
1715 1715 Civil War:

Jacobite rising of 1715

Government forces Jacobites


Jacobite restoration attempt defeated
1717 1720 The War of the Quadruple Alliance


 Holy Roman Empire

 Dutch Republic


Jacobites (against the British Crown and Government only)

Treaty of The Hague:
  • Spanish attempt at expansion fails
1721 1725 Dummer's War  France Capture of Norridgewock
1740 1748 The War of the Austrian Succession


Holy Roman Empire Austria

Province of Hanover Hanover
 Dutch Republic
East India Company


Spain Spain

Bavaria Bavaria
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples and Sicily
Sweden Sweden
Kingdom of France French East India Company

Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle:
1745 1746 Civil War:

Jacobite rising of 1745

Government forces


Jacobite restoration attempt defeated
1749 1754 The Second Carnatic War East India Company

Mughal Empire Forces of Nasir Jang Mir Ahmad
Mughal Empire Forces of Mohamed Ali Khan Walajan

Kingdom of France French East India Company
Mughal Empire Forces of Chanda Shahib

Mughal Empire Forces of Muhyi ad-Din Muzaffar Jang Hidayat

Treaty of Pondicherry:
1756 1763 Seven Years' War  Prussia

Province of Hanover Hanover
Portugal and her colonies
Hesse Hesse-Kassel


 Holy Roman Empire
 Russian Empire
Spain Spain


Treaty of Paris:
  • Extensive North American lands (incl. all of Canada) ceded from France
  • Caribbean colonies ceded from France
  • Senagal River colony (excluding Gorée) ceded from France
  • Florida ceded from Spain
1757 1763 The Third Carnatic War East India Company  France

Kingdom of France French East India Company

Treaty of Paris:
  • French trading posts in India administered by British
  • Sumatra ceded from France
1758 1761 Anglo-Cherokee War Cherokee Pro-British Attakullakulla becomes Cherokee leader
1763 1766 Pontiac's Rebellion Confederation of First Nation Tribes Stalemate:
  • British policy change
  • British suzerainty over First Nation Tribes
  • Niagara Falls area ceded from Seneca Nation
1766 1769 First Anglo-Mysore War East India Company

 Maratha Empire
Hyderabad State

Kingdom of Mysore British defeat, Hyderabad cedes territory to Mysore
1774 1783 First Anglo-Maratha War East India Company  Maratha Empire Treaty of Salbai:
  • Salsette Island ceded from Maratha Empire
  • Territory west of Jumna River ceded to Maratha Empire
  • Maratha support for Britain against Mysore
1775 1783 American Revolutionary War
American War of Independence




 United States

Spain Spain
 Dutch Republic
Vermont Republic
Kingdom of Mysore
Oneida tribe
Tuscarora tribe
Watauga Association
Catawba tribe

Treaty of Paris:
  • 13 North American colonies recognised as the independent United States
  • Territory in North America ceded to new United States
  • Senegal River colony returned to France
  • French recognises British suzerainty over the Gambia river
  • Territory in India returned to France
  • Minorca ceded to Spain
  • East & West Florida ceded to Spain
    • All British settlers to be expelled from Florida
  • De-militarisation of British Honduras
  • Territory in India ceded by the Dutch
1780 1784 2nd Anglo-Mysore War East India Company

 Maratha Empire
Hyderabad State

Kingdom of Mysore Treaty of Mangalore:
1785 1795 Northwest Indian War Western Confederacy United States United States Treaty of Greenville
1789 1792 3rd Anglo-Mysore War East India Company

 Maratha Empire
Hyderabad State

Kingdom of Mysore


Treaty of Seringapatnam:
  • Half of Mysore territory ceded to East India Company
1793 1797 The War of the First Coalition Holy Roman Empire Austria

Kingdom of France French Royalists
Spain Spain
Kingdom of Portugal
 Kingdom of Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples and Sicily
Italian states
 Ottoman Empire
 Dutch Republic

France French Republic

Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) French satellite states
Poland Polish Legions

Treaty of Campo Formio
1793 1796 War in the Vendée Kingdom of France French Royalists France French Republic British-backed rebellion defeated
1795 1816 Hawkesbury and Nepean Wars United Kingdom Loyalists
Burrberongal Tribe
Irish-convict sympathisers
British Victory
Displacement of Aborigines from their land
1798 1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798 Kingdom of Ireland Kingdom of Ireland United Irishmen

France French Republic

Rebellion defeated

1801 Act of Union

1798 1799 4th Anglo-Mysore War East India Company

 Maratha Empire
Hyderabad State

Kingdom of Mysore

France French Republic

Complete annexation of Mysore by Britain and allies
1799 1802 War of the Second Coalition Holy Roman Empire Austria

Kingdom of France French Royalists
 Two Sicilies
 Ottoman Empire

France French Republic

Poland Polish Legions
French client republics:

Treaty of Amiens:
  • General French victory
  • Britain recognises the French Republic
  • Cape Colony returned to the French client Batavian Republic
  • British withdrawal from Egypt
  • French withdrawal from the Papal States
  • Trinidad and Tobago ceded from France
  • Ceylon ceded from the Batavian Republic

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922)[edit]

Start Finish Name of conflict Belligerents (excluding Britain) Outcome
Opposed Power Side 1 (Britain) Opposed Power Side 2
1801 1807 Temne War Susu tribes Kingdom of Koya Northern shore of Sierra Leone ceded by Koya
1802 1805 Second Anglo-Maratha War East India Company  Maratha Empire Extensive territory in India ceded by the Maratha Empire
1803 1805 First Kandyan War Kandy Territory captured from Kandy
1803 1803 Civil War: Forces of Robert Emmet Rebellion defeated
1803 1805 War of the Third Coalition  Austrian Empire

 Russian Empire
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples and Sicily

France French Empire

Netherlands Batavia
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Italy
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Etruria
Bavaria Bavaria
Kingdom of Württemberg Württemberg

Fourth Peace of Preßburg:
1806 1807 War of the Fourth Coalition  Prussia

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily

France French Empire

Confederation of the Rhine

Polish Legions
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Italy
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Etruria
Netherlands Holland
Switzerland Swiss Confederation

Treaties of Tilsit:
  • French victory
  • Half of Prussia ceded to French allies
  • Russia exits the war
  • Anglo-Russian War begins
1806 1807 British invasions of the Río de la Plata  Spain Invasion defeated
1806 1807 Ashanti-Fante War  Ashanti Empire Fante Confederacy

Netherlands Dutch Empire

1807 1809 Anglo-Turkish War  Ottoman Empire Treaty of the Dardanelles:
  • Turkish victory
  • Commercial and legal concessions to British interests within the Ottoman Empire
  • Promise to protect the empire against French encroachment
1807 1814 Gunboat War Denmark Denmark-Norway Treaty of Kiel:
  • Denmark and Norway split up
  • Heligoland ceded from Denmark
1807 1812 Anglo-Russian War  Russian Empire Treaty of Örebro:
  • Anglo-Russian-Swedish pact against France
1807 1814 Peninsular War  Spain


France French Empire Treaty of Paris:
  • Bourbon dynasty restored
  • Tobago, St. Lucia, Mautitius ceded from France
  • All other French possessions restored as per 1792 borders
  • Abolition of French Slave Trade
  • Swiss independence
1809 1809 War of the Fifth Coalition  Austrian Empire

Kingdom of Prussia Black Brunswickers
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily

France French Empire

Flag of the Duchy of Warsaw.svg Warsaw
Confederation of the Rhine

Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Kingdom of Italy
SwitzerlandSwiss Confederation
Netherlands Holland

Treaty of Schönbrunn:
  • Complete Austrian surrender
  • Peninsular War continued
1810 1817 Merina Conquest of Madagascar Merina Kingdom France French Empire Merina control of Madagascar

Merina pro-British policies

1811 1812 4th Xhosa War Xhosa tribes Xhosa tribes pushed beyond the Fish River, reversing their gains in the previous Xhosa wars
1811 1811 Ga-Fante War  Ashanti Empire

Ga tribes
Netherlands Dutch Empire

Fante Confederacy

Akwapim tribes
Akim tribes

Tantamkweri ceded to Akwapim tribes
1812 1815 War of 1812 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Great Britain
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British North America
United States United States Treaty of Ghent:
1815 1815 Second Kandyan War Kandy Kandyan Convention:
  • Dissolution of the Kandy royal line
  • British King declared King of Kandy
1815 1815 Hundred Days

War of the Seventh Coalition


France France
German Confederation
 Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

France French Empire


Treaty of Paris:
  • General French defeat
  • Restoration of the House of Bourbon
  • Abolition of the slave trade (all signatories)
  • ₣100,000,000 compensation from France
1817 1818 Third Anglo-Maratha War East India Company  Maratha Empire Virtually all territory south of the Sutlej River controlled by Britain
1818 1819 5th Xhosa War Khoikhoi Forces Forces of Xhosa Chief Maqana Nxele Xhosa pushed beyond Keiskama River
1820 1830 Greek War of Independence Greece Greek revolutionaries

Ionian Islands

 Ottoman Empire

Egypt Egypt

Establishment of the Kingdom of Greece
1823 1831 First Ashanti War  Ashanti Empire British retreat to Sierra Leone
1824 1826 First Anglo-Burmese War East India Company

Native tribes

Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Kingdom of Burma Treaty of Yandabo:
  • Assam, Manipur, Rakhine, and Taninthayi coast south of Salween river ceded from Burmah
  • £1,000,000 compensation from Burma
1828 1834 Portuguese Civil War Liberal Forces of Queen Maria II

Spain Spain

Absolutist Forces of King Miguel Concession of Evoramonte:
  • Defeat and exile of King Miguel
1833 1840 First Carlist War Spain Forces of Queen Isabella II

France French Kingdom
Portugal Forces of Queen Maria II

Carlists: British mediated Convention of Vergara
1834 1836 The 6th Xhosa War United Kingdom Free Khoikhoi Xhosa tribes Extensive territorial gains from Xhosa
1837 1838 Rebellions of 1837 United Kingdom Great Britain
United Kingdom Province of Upper Canada

United Kingdom Province of Lower Canada

Supported by:
United States United States

Flag of the Patriote movement (Lower Canada).svg Patriotes
Hunters' Lodges
Reform Movement
Government victory
1839 1842 First Anglo-Afghan War East India Company Emirate of Afghanistan British retreat from Afghanistan
1839 1842 First Opium War  Manchu-China Treaty of Nanking:
  • Five Chinese ports open to foreign trade
  • $21,000,000 compensation from the Qing Empire
  • Hong Kong Island ceded from the Qing Empire
1839 1851 Uruguayan Civil War Colorados

Argentina Argentine Unitarians
France French Kingdom
Riograndense Republic
Italian Legion


 Argentine Confederation

British and French withdrawal before war's conclusion
Peace treaty with the Argentine Confederation[2][3]

Eventual Colorados victory

1845 1846 First Anglo-Sikh War East India Company
Patiala flag.svg Patiala State
Nishan Sahib.svg Sikh Empire Treaty of Lahore:
  • Extensive territory ceded from the Sikh Empire
  • Partial control over Sikh foreign affairs
1845 1846 Flagstaff War Forces of Tāmati Wāka Nene Ngāpuhi Iwi Stalemate
1846 1846 Hutt Valley Campaign Te Āti Awa Iwi Ngāti Toa Iwi Ngāti Toa Iwi retreat
1846 1847 The 7th Xhosa War

The War of the Axe

Xhosa tribes Territory ceded from Xhosa
1847 1847 Wanganui Campaign Māori Kupapa Māori Iwis Stalemate

12 year peace and trade

1848 1849 Second Anglo-Sikh War East India Company Nishan Sahib.svg Sikh Empire Complete annexation of the Punjab by the East India Company
1851 1853 The 8th Xhosa War

Mlanjeni's War

Xhosa tribes

Khoikhoi tribes
United Kingdom Native Kafir Police

Xhosa-Khoi attacks defeated

Status quo ante bellum

1852 1853 Second Anglo-Burmese War Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Kingdom of Burma Burmese revolution ended fighting

Lower Burma annexed

1853 1856 Crimean War France French Empire

 Ottoman Empire
 Kingdom of Sardinia

 Russian Empire

Bulgaria Bulgarian Legion

Treaty of Paris
1856 1857 The National War in Nicaragua  Costa Rica

Nicaragua Rebel Forces of Patricio Rivas
The Mosquito Coast



Sonora/Nicaraguan government defeat

Slavery outlawed
William Walker's army is defeated and he is arrested by the U.S. Navy.

1856 1860 Second Opium War

Arrow War

France French Empire

 United States

 Manchu-China The Treaty of Tientsin:
  • Kowloon ceded from the Qing Empire
  • Peking opened to foreign trade
  • 11 more Chinese ports opened to foreign trade
  • Yangtze River opened to foreign warships
  • 4,000,000 taels of silver compensation
  • China banned from referring to subjects of the crown as barbarians
1856 1857 Anglo-Persian War Afghanistan

East India Company



Persian withdrawal from Herat
1857 1858 Indian Mutiny East India Company

Pre 1962 Flag of Nepal.png Nepal
Jammu and Kashmir
Princely states:

Sepoys of the East India Company

 Mughal Empire
अवध ध्वज.gif Awadh
7 Princely states

Act for the Better Government of India:
1860 1861 First Taranaki War

Second Māori War

Māori Iwis

Māori King Movement

1863 1864 Second Ashanti War  Ashanti Empire Stalemate
1863 1866 Invasion of Waikato

Third Māori War

Māori Kupapa Māori King Movement Māori King Movement defeated, confined to King Country
1864 1865 Bhutan War  India Bhutan Treaty of Sinchula:
  • Bhutan cedes Assam Duars and Bengal Duars to India
  • Bhutan cedes territory in Dewangiri to India
1867 1874 Klang War

Selangor Civil War

Forces of Raja Abdullah of Klang

British Straits Settlements

Forces of Raja Mahadi
1868 1869 Titokowaru's War

Part of the New Zealand land wars

Māori Kupapa Ngāti Ruanui Iwi Ngāti Ruanui Iwi withdrawal
1868 1868 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia  India  Abyssinia British hostages freed

War of the Abyssinian Succession begins

1868 1872 Te Kooti's War

Part of the New Zealand land wars

Māori Kupapa Māori Iwis End of New Zealand land wars

Territory ceded by Māori Iwis

1869 1869 Red River Rebellion  Dominion of Canada

Métis Loyalists

Métis Forces of Louis Riel Defeat of rebellion

Manitoba Act:

1873 1874 Third Ashanti War  Ashanti Empire Treaty of Fomena:
  • 50,000 oz of gold compensation from Ashanti Empire
  • Ashanti withdrawal from coastal areas
  • Ashanti banned from practicing human sacrifice
1877 1878 The 9th Xhosa War Mfengu Tribe Xhosa Gcaleka Tribe All Xhosa territory annexed to the Cape Colony
1878 1880 Second Anglo-Afghan War  India Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan British control over Afghan foreign affairs
1879 1879 Anglo-Zulu War United Kingdom Natal Zulu Kingdom Zululand annexed to Natal
1880 1881 First Boer War  South African Republic Pretoria Convention:
  • South African Republic granted self-government
1884 1889 Mahdist War  Egypt


Mahdist Sudan Sudan ruled by Britain and Egypt
1885 1885 Third Anglo-Burmese War Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Kingdom of Burma Upper Burma annexed to British Raj
1888 1888 Sikkim Expedition  India TibetTibet Tibet recognizes British suzerainty over Sikkim
1896 1896 Anglo-Zanzibar War Zanzibar Pro-British Sultan installed
1899 1901 Boxer Rebellion  Japan

France France
 United States

Righteous Harmony Society


Boxer Protocol:
  • Anti-foreign societies banned in China
1899 1902 Second Boer War  Orange Free State

 South African Republic
Foreign volunteers

Treaty of Vereeniging:
  • All Boers to surrender arms and swear allegiance to the Crown
  • Dutch language permitted in education
  • Promise to grant Boer republics self-government
  • £3,000,000 compensation "reconstruction aid" to Afrikaners
1901 1902 Anglo-Aro War Flag of the Aro Confederacy.svg Aro Confederacy Aro Confederacy destroyed
1903 1904 British expedition to Tibet  India  Tibet Status quo ante bellum
1914 1918 World War I  India

 Dominion of Canada
 New Zealand
 South Africa
United States United States
Other Allies



 Ottoman Empire

Treaty of Versailles:
  • German demobilisation

Treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Trianon:

Russia pulls out in 1917

  • Russian Civil War
    • Creation of the Soviet Union

Creation of League of Nations:

1918 1920 Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War

United Kingdom British Empire
France France
 United States

 Soviet Russia

 Far Eastern Republic

Allied withdrawal from Russia

Bolshevik victory over White Army

  • Soviet Union new Russian Power
  • Josef Stalin Rise to power
1919 1923 Turkish War of Independence  Greece

France France
Armenia Armenia

Turkey Turkish Nationalists Treaty of Lausanne:
  • Turkish Nationalist victory
  • British withdrawal
  • End of the Ottoman Empire
1919 1919 Third Anglo-Afghan War  India  Afghanistan Full Afghan independence
1919 1921 Irish War of Independence United Kingdom Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) Republic of Ireland Irish Republic Anglo-Irish Treaty:
1920 1920 Somaliland campaign (1920)  British Somaliland

East Africa Protectorate British East Africa

Dervish State Demise of the Dervish State
1920 1920 Great Iraqi Revolution of 1920 Iraqi rebels Revolt suppressed, greater autonomy given to Iraq

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present)[edit]

Conflict Opposed Powers Side 1 (Britain) Opposed Powers Side 2 Outcome
Great Arab Revolt in Palestine
Jewish Settlement Police
Jewish Supernumerary Police
Special Night Squads
Peulot Meyuhadot
Peace Bands
Arab Higher Committee Revolt suppressed
British–Zionist conflict
Lehi.jpg Lehi
British withdrawal and creation of Israel
World War II
The Allies
Axis Powers
Total defeat for Axis Powers. British, French, American,and Soviet troops occupy Germany until 1955. Italy and Japan lose all of their colonies.
Indonesian National Revolution

 Japan (Until 1945)

Netherlands recognises Indonesian Independence

(Greek Civil War)

Kingdom of Greece Kingdom of Greece

 United States

Albania Albania

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia

Bulgaria Bulgaria

Soviet Union Soviet Union

Britain withdraws most support from March 1947, US provides support, Greek Government overcomes revolt. At least 1 Battalion UK troops still in Greece till 1948

(Operation Masterdom)


France France
Japan Japan

North Vietnam Viet Minh
First Indochina War begins
Malayan Emergency

 New Zealand
 Southern Rhodesia

Flag of the Communist Party of Malaya.png Malayan Communist Party

Flag of the Malayan National Liberation Army.svg Malayan Races Liberation Army

Communist retreat from Malaya

Malayan independence

Korean War
 South Korea

 United States
 United Nations

 North Korea

 People's Republic of China
 Soviet Union

  • Communist invasion of South Korea defeated
  • UN invasion of North Korea repulsed
Suez Canal Zone Emergency
Egypt Agreement for Britain to withdraw from Canal zone Bases, last British troops left June 1956
Mau Mau Uprising
 British East Africa Kenya Mau Mau Defeat of Mau Mau

Kenyan independence

Cyprus emergency
EOKA.jpg EOKA Independence of Cyprus
Suez Crisis
France France


Egypt Egypt Israeli occupation of Sinai
Anglo-French withdrawal
Border Campaign
IrishRepublicanFlag.png Irish Republican Army IRA campaign fails
Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation

 New Zealand

 Indonesia Indonesia recognises Malaysian rule over former North Borneo
Dhofar Rebellion

Iran Iran

Various insurgents Insurgency defeated
Modernisation of Oman
Aden Emergency
Federation of South Arabia Federation of South Arabia People's Democratic Republic of Yemen NLF
British withdrawal
People's Republic of South Yemen established
The Troubles
IrishRepublicanFlag.png Irish Republican paramilitaries (OIRA, PIRA, INLA etc.)

Opposed by Republicans:
Northern Ireland Loyalist terrorists (UDA etc.) Northern Ireland Ulster Defence Regiment

Northern Ireland 'B' Specials

United Kingdom (Secret collusion) "Rogue" : British soldiers & police officers

Good Friday Agreement:
  • Devolution in Northern Ireland
  • Power-sharing deal
Falklands War
 Argentina The Falklands are retaken from Argentina
Multinational Force in Lebanon

 United States

 Syria Britain provides smaller contribution than other 3 powers from Feb 1983, while the 3 others had intervened in Aug 1982, Britain, US, and Italy left in Feb 1984, with the French leaving by March 31, 1984.
Gulf War

 United States
 Saudi Arabia
Other Allies

Iraq Kuwait regains its independence
Bosnian War
 NATO  Republika Srpska Dayton Accords
Operation Desert Fox
 United States  Iraq Ceasefire; objectives largely achieved
Kosovo War
 United States

UCK KLA.png Kosovo Liberation Army

 Yugoslavia Kosovo occupied by Nato forces

Kosovo administered by UNMIK

Sierra Leone Civil War
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Rebels


Rebels defeated
War in Afghanistan

Fourth Anglo-Afghan War[4](2001-2014)

 United States
Germany Germany
Italy Italy
France France
Poland Poland
Romania Romania
Turkey Turkey
Australia Australia
Spain Spain
ISAF-Logo.svg ISAF

Afghanistan Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Fall of Taliban régime

Osama bin Laden killed
Ongoing Taliban insurgency

Iraq War
 United States

 Iraq after the fall of Saddam Hussein
 Iraqi Kurdistan

 Iraq under Saddam Hussein

Various insurgents

Fall of Ba'athist rule in Iraq

Occupation of southern Iraq
British withdrawal in 2009, conflict ended in 2011

Libyan intervention
Many NATO NATO members acting under United Nations UN mandate, including:

 United States
Libya Anti-Gaddafi forces
Arab League several Arab League states
Sweden Sweden

Libya Pro-Gaddafi forces Fall of Gaddafi regime

Muammar Gaddafi killed
National Transitional Council take control

International intervention against ISIL
Intervention in Iraq:
 United States
 Iraqi Kurdistan
 New Zealand

Iranian-led Coalition:
Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq
Badr Organization
Kata'ib Hezbollah

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Opposed by ISIL and Coalition:
al-Nusra Front

Ahrar ash-Sham

Operation Inherent Resolve is in play.

2014 Iraqi intervention against ISIL
Airstrikes on ISIL and al-Qaeda affiliates positions in Iraq and Syria
Multinational humanitarian effort
In mid 2014, The U.S launched a rescue mission in Syria in attempt to rescue James Foley and other hostages being held by ISIL.
Arming and support for local ground forces
2 American journalists, 1 American humanitarian supporter, 1 American oil worker, 2 British humanitarian supporters, and 1 French tourist executed by ISIL.
American-led intervention in Syria
Spillover of the Syrian Civil War

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Laycock, S. (2012). All the Countries We've Ever Invaded - And the Few We Never Got Round To. The History Press. 
  2. ^ Rosa, José María (1974) [1970]. Historia Argentina [History of Argentina] (in Spanish) V. Buenos Aires: Editorial Oriente S.A. pp. 279–288. 
  3. ^ Abad de Santillán, Diego. Historia Argentina (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: TEA (Tipográfica Editora Argentina). p. 383. 
  4. ^ The Fourth Afghan War is lost The Daily Telegraph, 4 September 2009