List of wars involving India

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The following is a historical overview of wars and conflicts involving India.

Maurya Empire (322 BC–185 BC)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
321 BC 320 BC Conquest of the Nanda Empire Maurya Empire Nanda Empire Victory
  • Nanda Dynasty falls; start of Maurya Empire.
305 BC 303 BC Seleucid–Mauryan war Maurya Empire Seleucid Empire Victory

Gupta Empire 320 CE–600s CE[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)

Chalukya dynasty (543 CE –753 CE)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
730 730 Battle of Rajasthan Gurjara-Pratihara Umayyad Caliphate Victory

Pala Empire (750 CE – 1174 CE)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)

Mughal Empire (1526–1857)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1525 First Mughal–Rajput War  Mughal Empire Rajputs Victory
  • Mughal expansion to Punjab.
1558 1578 Second Mughal–Rajput War  Mughal Empire Mewar.svg Mewar
Rajputs
Victory
  • Further Mughal expansion to India.
1615 1682 Ahom–Mughal War  Mughal Empire Ahom insignia plain.svg Ahom kingdom Defeat
  • Ahom influence extended to the Manas river.
1622 1623 First Mughal–Persian War  Mughal Empire Safavid Flag.png Safavid Empire Defeat
  • Kandahar falls to Safavid.
1649 1653 Second Mughal–Persian War  Mughal Empire Safavid Flag.png Safavid Empire Defeat
1679 1684 Tibetan-Ladakh War Ladakh
 Mughal Empire
Tibet
Zungar Empire
Victory
  • Mughal victory then withdrew after signing a treaty with the Ladakhis.
  • With the help of reinforcements from the Zungar Empire, the Tibetans were victorious in another attacked in 1684.
  • Treaty of Tingmosgang.
1681 1707 Deccan Wars  Mughal Empire  Maratha Empire Defeat
  • Permanent end to Mughal expansion in Deccan/Peninsular India.
1686 1690 Child's War  Mughal Empire East India Company Victory
  • The English were obliged to conclude peace with the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1689.
1738 1739 Third Mughal–Persian War  Mughal Empire Nadir Shah Flag.svg Afsharid dynasty Defeat
1739 February 13, 1739 Battle of Karnal Nadir Shah Flag.svg Persian Afsharid Empire Defeat
1741 Siege of Trichinopoly  Mughal Empire  Maratha Empire Defeat
1741 1748 Expeditions in Bengal  Mughal Empire  Maratha Empire Defeat
  • Nawab of Bengal ceded territory up to the river Suvarnarekha to the Marathas.
1754 1763 Seven Years' War  France

Austria Austria
Russian Empire Russia (until 1762)
Spain Spanish Empire (from 1761)
Sweden Sweden (1757–62)
 Saxony
 Mughal Empire (from 1757)

 Prussia

 Great Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
Armoiries de La Falloise.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Flag of the Iroquois Confederacy.svg Iroquois Confederacy
Portugal (from 1761)
Flag of Hesse.svg Hesse-Kassel
Flagge Fürstentum Schaumburg-Lippe.svg Schaumburg-Lippe

Defeat
  • Status quo ante in Europe. Transfer of colonial possessions between Great Britain, France, and Spain.
  • France cedes New France (excluding Louisiana), to Great Britain and recognizes British supremacy in Bengal.
  • Spain cedes Florida to Great Britain.
  • France cedes Louisiana to Spain.
  • Great Britain returns Cuba and Manilla (Philippine Islands) to Spain.
1857 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857  Mughal Empire
 Maratha Empire
Company Raj Defeat

Maratha Empire (1674–1818)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1681 1707 Deccan Wars  Maratha Empire  Mughal Empire Victory
  • Permanent end to Mughal expansion in Deccan/Peninsular India.
1739 Battle of Vasai  Maratha Empire Flag Portugal (1707).svg Portuguese Empire Victory
1741 Siege of Trichinopoly  Maratha Empire  Mughal Empire Victory
1741 1748 Expeditions in Bengal  Maratha Empire  Mughal Empire Victory
  • Nawab of Bengal ceded territory up to the river Suvarnarekha to the Marathas.
1757 1758 Conquest of North-West India  Maratha Empire Flag of Herat until 1842.svg Durrani Empire Victory
1767 1769 First Anglo-Mysore War Company Raj
 Maratha Empire
Nawab of the Carnatic
Hyderabad
 Mysore Stalemate
1775 1782 First Anglo-Maratha War  Maratha Empire Company Raj Victory
1785 1787 Maratha-Mysore War  Maratha Empire  Mysore Victory
  • Treaty of Gajendragad.
1789 1792 Third Anglo-Mysore War Company Raj
 Maratha Empire
Hyderabad
 Travancore
 Mysore Victory
1798 1799 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Company Raj
 Maratha Empire
Hyderabad
 Travancore
 Mysore Victory
1803 1805 Second Anglo-Maratha War  Maratha Empire Company Raj Defeat
1817 1818 Third Anglo-Maratha War  Maratha Empire Company Raj Defeat
  • Formal end of the Maratha Empire.
1857 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857  Mughal Empire
 Maratha Empire
Company Raj Defeat

Company rule in India (1757–1858)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1757 Battle of Plassey Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNG Nawab of Bengal
Royal Standard of the King of France.svg French East India
Victory
1764 Battle of Buxar Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India  Mughal Empire Victory
1767 1769 First Anglo-Mysore War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India
 Maratha Empire
Nawab of the Carnatic
Hyderabad
 Mysore Stalemate
1775 1782 First Anglo-Maratha War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India  Maratha Empire Defeat
1779 1784 Second Anglo-Mysore War  Great Britain

 Hanover

 Mysore
 France
 Dutch Republic
Defeat
1789 1792 Third Anglo-Mysore War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India
Maratha Empire
Hyderabad
Flag of Kingdom of Travancore.svg Travancore
 Mysore Victory
1798 1799 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India  Mysore Victory
  • Defeat of Mysore.
1803 1805 Second Anglo-Maratha War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India  Maratha Empire Victory
1814 1816 Anglo-Nepalese War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India
Tehga.svg Garhwal Kingdom
Patiala flag.svg Patiala State
Pre 1962 Flag of Nepal.png Nepal Victory
1817 1818 Third Anglo-Maratha War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India  Maratha Empire Victory
1824 1826 First Anglo-Burmese War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Burmese Empire Victory
1839 1842 First Anglo-Afghan War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan Defeat
  • British withdrawal from Afghanistan.
1839 1842 First Opium War  Great Britain  China Victory
1845 1846 First Anglo-Sikh War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India
 Patiala
 Sikh Empire Victory
1848 1849 Second Anglo-Sikh War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India  Sikh Empire Victory
1852 Second Anglo-Burmese War Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Burmese Empire Victory
1856 1857 Anglo-Persian War United Kingdom United Kingdom

Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan

Amir Kabir Flag.svg Iran Victory
1857 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg Company rule in India
United Kingdom British Army
 Mughal Empire
 Maratha Empire
Victory

British India (1858–1947)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1856 1860 Second Opium War United Kingdom United Kingdom

France France

 China Victory
1864 1865 Bhutan War United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Bhutan (1949-1956).svg Bhutan Victory
  • Bhutanese territorial cessions to India.
1878 1880 Second Anglo-Afghan War United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan Victory
1881 1899 Mahdist War United Kingdom United Kingdom

 Egypt
Ethiopian Pennants.svg Ethiopia

Mahdist Sudan Victory
1882 Anglo-Egyptian War United Kingdom United Kingdom

Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg Tewfik Pasha

Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg Ahmed Orabi Victory
1885 Third Anglo-Burmese War United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Burmese Empire Victory
  • The province of Burma became part of the British Raj.
1888 Sikkim Expedition  India Tibet Tibet Victory
  • Tibetan forces expelled from Sikkim.
1891 Hunza-Nagar Campaign  India Hunza
Nagar
Victory
1899 1901 Boxer Rebellion Empire of Japan Empire of Japan
Russian Empire Russia
British Empire United Kingdom

France France
 United States
German Empire Germany
 Austria-Hungary
Kingdom of Italy Italy

Yihetuan Movement
 China
Victory
  • The rebellion was suppressed.
  • Signing of the Boxer Protocol.
  • Provisions for foreign troops to be stationed in Beijing.
1897 1898 First Mohmand Campaign  India Mohmands Victory
1899 1902 Second Boer War  United Kingdom  Orange Free State
 South African Republic
Victory
1903 1904 British expedition to Tibet  India  Tibet Victory
1914 1918 World War I  France
 United Kingdom

 Russian Empire
 Italy
 United States
 Serbia
 Japan
 Belgium
 Greece
 Romania
 Portugal
 Brazil

 Germany  Austria-Hungary
 Ottoman Empire
 Bulgaria
South African Republic South African Republic
Victory
1919 1923 Turkish War of Independence  Greece

France France

Armenia Armenia
 United Kingdom

Georgia

Turkey Ankara Government
Turkey Kuva-yi Milliye
Defeat[1]
1919 Third Anglo-Afghan War United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Afghanistan (1919–1921).svg Afghanistan No clear victor
1919 First Waziristan Campaign  India Flag of Waziristan resistance (1930s).svg Waziristan Victory
  • Suppression of insurrection by independent Wazir tribes.
1920 Iraqi revolt United Kingdom United Kingdom Iraqi rebels Victory
1925 Pink's War  India Mahsud tribesmen Victory
  • Tribal leaders accept terms.
1935 Second Mohmand Campaign  India Mohmands Victory
1936 1939 Second Waziristan Campaign  India Flag of Waziristan resistance (1930s).svg Waziri tribesmen Victory
  • Suppression of insurrection by independent Wazir tribes.
1939 1945 World War II  Soviet Union
 United States

 United Kingdom

 Republic of China
 South Africa
 Australia
 Canada
 New Zealand
 France
 Poland
 Yugoslavia
 Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia

 Germany

 Italy
 Japan

 Hungary
 Romania
 Bulgaria

Victory
1945 1947 Indonesian National Revolution Netherlands Netherlands
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Indonesia Indonesia Withdrawal
  • Indian withdrawal after independence in 1947.
  • The Netherlands recognises Indonesian independence.
1945 1946 Operation Masterdom United Kingdom United Kingdom

France France
Japan Japan

Flag of North Vietnam 1945-1955.svg Viet Minh Withdrawal

India (1947–Present)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
1947 1948 First Indo-Pakistani War  India  Pakistan
Liwa-e-Ahmadiyya 1-2.svg Furqan Force
Ceasefire
  • Partitioning of Jammu and Kashmir.
1948 Operation Polo  India Hyderabad Victory
1961 Invasion of Goa  India Portugal Portugal Victory
  • Incorporation of Goa into India.
1962 Sino-Indian War  India  China Defeat
1965 Second Indo-Pakistani War  India  Pakistan Ceasefire
1971 Third Indo-Pakistani War  India
Flag of Bangladesh (1971).svg Bangladesh
 Pakistan Victory
1984 Operation Blue Star  India Nishan Sahib.svg Sikh militants Victory
1984 Operation Meghdoot  India  Pakistan Victory
  • Siachen Glacier comes under Indian control.
1987 1990 Sri Lankan Civil War  India
 Sri Lanka
Flag of Tamil Eelam.svg Tamil Tigers Withdrawal
1988 Operation Cactus  India
Maldives Maldives
Bandera del PLOTE (Tàmils).svg PLOTE
Maldives Maldivian rebels
Victory
1999 Kargil War  India  Pakistan Victory

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chester Neal Tate, Governments of the world: a global guide to citizens' rights and responsibilities, Macmillan Reference USA/Thomson Gale, 2006, p. 205.
  2. ^ "Pakistani opposition presses for Sharif's resignation". Wsws.org. 1999-08-07. Retrieved 2012-06-15.