List of wars involving Russia

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This is an incomplete list of wars and conflicts involving Russia since the Grand Duchy of Moscow (1283).

Grand Duchy of Moscow (1283–1547)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding Duchy of Moscow) Outcome
Allies Enemies
8 October 1480 Great stand on the Ugra river The Golden Horde Victory, end of Mongol rule
1492 1494 First Muscovite-Lithuanian War Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania Victory
1495 1497 Russo-Swedish War (1495–1497) Sweden Inconclusive
1500 1503 Second Muscovite-Lithuanian War Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order

Victory
1507 1508 Third Muscovite-Lithuanian War Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Inconclusive
1512 1522 Fourth Muscovite-Lithuanian War Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
1534 1537 Fifth Muscovite-Lithuanian War Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Indecisive

Tsardom of Russia (1547–1721)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding Tsardom of Russia) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1558 1583 Livonian War Kingdom of Livonia Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Confederation

Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark–Norway
Sweden-Flag-1562.svg Swedish Empire
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
(before 1569 the Polish–Lithuanian union)

Defeat
1568 1570 Russo-Turkish War (1568–1570) Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire

Military flag of the Crimean Tatars.PNG Crimean Khanate

Victory
1590 1595 Russo-Swedish War (1590–1595) Sweden-Flag-1562.svg Swedish Empire Victory
1605 1618 Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618) Sweden-Flag-1562.svgKingdom of Sweden (1609–1610) Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Defeat but Russia independence
1610 1617 Ingrian War Sweden-Flag-1562.svg Swedish Empire Defeat
1632 1634 Smolensk War Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Defeat
1652 1689 Russian–Manchu border conflicts Cossacks Qing Empire

Joseon Dynasty

Defeat
1654 1667 Russo-Polish War (1654–67) Herb Viyska Zaporozkogo (Alex K).svg Ukrainian Cossacks Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
July 1656 21 June 1658 Russo-Swedish War (1656–1658) Sweden-Flag-1562.svg Swedish Empire Inconclusive
1676 1681 Russo-Turkish War (1676–1681) Ottoman flag.svg Ottoman Empire

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

1686 1700 Russo-Turkish War (1686–1700) Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg Habsburg Empire

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate

Ottoman flag.svg Ottoman Empire

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
1700 1721 Great Northern War Denmark Denmark–Norway

(1700, 1709–)
 Electorate of Saxony
(1700–6, 1709–)
Poland–Lithuania
(1700–4, 1709–)
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1700–8)
 Prussia (1715–)
Province of Hanover Hanover (1715–)
 Great Britain (1717–19)

Sweden Swedish Empire

Wappen Herzogtum Holstein 1703.gif Holstein-Gottorp
Poland–Lithuania (1704–9)
 Ottoman Empire (1710–4)
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1708–9)
 Great Britain (1700, 1719–21)

Victory against Sweden

Defeat against Ottoman Empire

Russian Empire (1721–1917)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents (excluding Russian Empire) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1722 1723 Russo-Persian War Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svgUkrainian Cossacks

Georgia
Armenia

Flag of Shah Tahmasp I.svg Safavid Persian Empire Victory
1733 1738 War of the Polish Succession Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under  

  Augustus III of Poland
 Russia
 Habsburg Empire of Austria
 Saxony
 Prussia

Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under

  Stanisław Leszczyński
 France (Bourbons)
 Spain (Bourbons)
 Kingdom of Sardinia

Indecisive
1735 1739 Russo-Austrian-Turkish War (1735–1739) Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (Protectorate of Russian Empire)

 Habsburg Monarchy

 Ottoman Empire Victory but Habsburg defeat
1735 1740 Bashkir Rebellion Bashkirs Victory
1741 1743 Russo-Swedish War (1741–1743)

Part of the War of the Austrian Succession

Sweden Sweden Victory
16 December 1740 18 October 1748 War of the Austrian Succession  Habsburg Monarchy

 Great Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
 Dutch Republic
 Saxony (1743–45)
 Kingdom of Sardinia

 Kingdom of Prussia

(1740–42) (1744–45)
Spain Kingdom of Spain (1740–1746)
 Kingdom of France
Bavaria Bavaria (1741–45)
 Saxony (1741–42)
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples and Sicily
 Republic of Genoa
Sweden Sweden (1741–43)

Defeat
1744 1747 Chukchi War (1744-1747) Chukchis Defeat
1756 1763 Seven Years' War
  • Russian involvement until 1762
 France

 Habsburg Monarchy
 Spain
 Sweden
 Saxony

 Prussia

 Great Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Portugal
Hesse Hesse-Kassel
Schaumburg-Lippe
Flag of the Iroquois Confederacy.svg Iroquois Confederacy

Truce with Prussia

Defeat of Russia's former allies

1768 1772 War of the Bar Confederation Kingdom of France Kingdom of France

Poland Bar Confederation

Victory
1768 1774 Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774) Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
1787 1792 Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792) Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
1788 1790 Russo-Swedish War (1788–1790) Sweden Sweden Inconclusive
1792 Polish–Russian War of 1792 Targowica Confederates Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Victory
1796 Persian Expedition of 1796 Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire Victory
1799 1802 War of the Second Coalition
  • Russia left the coalition in 1799
 Habsburg Monarchy

 Holy Roman Empire
 Great Britain
Kingdom of France French Royalists
Portugal
 Two Sicilies
 Ottoman Empire

France French Republic

 Spain
Denmark Denmark-Norway
Poland Polish Legions
French client states

Coalition defeat
1803 1806 War of the Third Coalition  Austrian Empire

 United Kingdom
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Kingdom of Sicily
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Kingdom of Naples
Portugal
 Sweden

France First French Empire

French client states

Defeat
1804 1813 Russo-Persian War (1804–1813) Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire Victory
1806 1807 War of the Fourth Coalition  Prussia

 United Kingdom
 Saxony
 Sweden
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily

France French Empire

Confederation of the Rhine

 Polish Legions
French client states  Spain

Defeat
1806 1812 Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812) Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
21 February 1808 17 September 1809 Finnish War Sweden Sweden Victory
3 June 1809 15 July 1809 War of the Fifth Coalition
  • Galician campaign: minimal Russian involvement
FranceFrench Empire
Duchy of Warsaw
 Austria * Treaty of Schönbrunn
24 June 1812 14 December 1812 French invasion of Russia France French Empire

French client states
Austrian Empire Austria
Kingdom of Prussia Prussia
Spain Spain

Victory
1813 1814 War of the Sixth Coalition  Austrian Empire

 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Sweden
Spain Spain
Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia

France First French Empire

French client states

Victory
20 March 1815 8 July 1815 War of the Seventh Coalition  Austrian Empire

 Prussia
 United Kingdom
Province of Hanover Hanover
Nassau
Brunswick
 Sweden
 United Netherlands
 Spain
Portugal
 Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Tuscany Tuscany
Switzerland Switzerland
Kingdom of France French Royalists

France First French Empire

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples

Victory
1826 1828 Russo-Persian War (1826–1828) Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire Victory
20 October 1827 Battle of Navarino  United Kingdom

France France

 Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire Eyalet of Egypt
Ottoman Empire Vilayet of Tunisia

Victory
1828 1829 Russo-Turkish War (1828–1829) Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
29 November 1830 21 October 1831 November Uprising Poland Congress Poland Victory
1853 1856 Crimean War French Empire

 Ottoman Empire
 British Empire
 Kingdom of Sardinia

Defeat
22 January 1863 11 April 1864 January Uprising January Uprising.svg Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian insurgents Victory
1877 1878 Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) Samara flag.png Bulgarian volunteers

Romania Romania
Serbia Serbia
 Montenegro

Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
2 November 1899 7 September 1901 Boxer Rebellion Eight-Nation Alliance:

 Japan
 United Kingdom
France France
 United States
 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Italy

Righteous Harmony Society

 Qing Empire

Victory
8 February 1904 5 September 1905 Russo-Japanese War  Principality of Montenegro  Empire of Japan Defeat
1914 1918 World War I Allies:

 France
 United Kingdom
 Russia
 United States
Republic of China (1912–49) China
 Italy
 Japan
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 South Africa
 India
 Serbia
 Romania
 Belgium
 Greece
 Portugal
 Brazil

Central Powers:

 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Ottoman Empire
 Bulgaria

Allied Victory

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1917–1922)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Head of Government
Russian Civil War
(1917–1922)
 Russian SFSR
 Far Eastern Republic
Mongolian Communists

Makhnovshchina
Left SR
Green armies

Russia White Movement
Mountain Republic
Black Army
Left SR
Green armies

 British Empire
 Empire of Japan
 Czechoslovakia
 Greece
 United States
 France
 Serbia
 Romania
 Italy
 China


Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921).svg Mongolia

Victory
Vladimir Lenin
Ukrainian War of Independence
(1917–1921)
 Russian SFSR
Ukrainian SSR
RPAU flag.svg Makhnovshchina
UNR
ZUNR
Ukrainian State
Victory
Finnish Civil War
(1918)
 Russian SFSR
Red flag.svg Red Guard
Flag of Finland 1918 (state).svg White Guard
German Empire Germany
Defeat
  • German hegemony until 11 November 1918.
Latvian War of Independence
(1918–1920)
 Russian SFSR
 Latvian SSR
Latvia Latvia
Lithuania Lithuania
Defeat
  • Independence of Latvia.
Estonian War of Independence
(1918–1920)
 Russian SFSR
Commune of Estonia
Estonia Estonia
Baltische Landeswehr
Defeat
  • Independence of Estonia.
Lithuanian–Soviet War
(1918–1919)
 Russian SFSR
LBSSR
Lithuania Republic of Lithuania
 Saxon Volunteers
Defeat
  • Bolshevik forces driven out.
Georgian-Ossetian Conflict
(1918–1920)
 Russian SFSR
Red flag.svg Ossetian rebels
Transcaucasian Federation
Georgia
Defeat
  • Ossetian rebellion crushed.
Polish–Soviet War
(1919–1921)
 Russian SFSR
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian SSR
Poland Poland
 Ukraine
Defeat
Invasion of Azerbaijan
(1920)
 Russian SFSR
 Azerbaijan SSR
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Victory
  • Overthrow of the ADR government.
Invasion of Georgia
(1921)
 Russian SFSR
 Turkey
Georgia Victory
February Uprising
(1921)
 Russian SFSR Armenia ARF Victory
  • Bolshevik forces recapture Yerevan.
East Karelian Uprising
(1921–1922)
 Russian SFSR KarelianNationalFlag.svg Forest Guerrillas
Finland Finnish volunteers
Victory
  • Uprising put down.

Soviet Union (1922–1991)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results General Secretary of
the Communist Party
August Uprising
(1924)
 Soviet Union Damkom Victory
  • Consolidation of Soviet rule in Georgia.
Joseph Stalin
Sino-Soviet conflict
(1929)
 Soviet Union Taiwan China Victory
  • Provisions of 1924 agreement were upheld.
Islamic Rebellion in Xinjiang
(1937)
Taiwan Xinjiang
 Soviet Union
Russian Empire White Movement
Taiwan China Victory
  • Sheng Shica's regime established its rule over the whole territory of Xinjiang province.
Soviet–Japanese border conflicts
(1932–1941)
 Soviet Union
Mongolia Mongolia
 Empire of Japan
 Manchukuo
Victory
Invasion of Poland
(1939)
 Germany
Slovakia Slovakia
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Poland Poland Victory
  • Polish territory divided between Germany, the Soviet Union, Lithuania and Slovakia.
Winter War
(1939–1940)
Soviet Union Soviet Union  Finland Victory
Occupation of the Baltic states
(1940)
 Soviet Union  Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Victory
World War II
(1942–1945)
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
 Yugoslavia
 Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil
 Mexico
 Ethiopia
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
 Hungary
 Romania
 Bulgaria
 Finland
 Thailand
 Manchukuo
 Croatia
 Slovakia
Victory
Guerilla war in the Baltic states
(1944–1956)
 Soviet Union  Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Victory
  • Defeat of national partisans.
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
 United Nations
 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
Ceasefire
Hungarian Revolution
(1956)
 Soviet Union
Hungary ÁVH
Revolutionaries Victory
  • Revolution crushed.
Nikita Khrushchev
Invasion of Czechoslovakia
(1968)
 Soviet Union
Bulgaria
 East Germany
Hungary
Poland
Czechoslovakia Victory
Leonid Brezhnev
War of Attrition
(1969–1970)
 Egypt
 Soviet Union
 Israel Both sides claim victory
  • Continued Israeli occupation of Sinai
Eritrean War of Independence
(1974–1990)
Ethiopia Ethiopia
 Cuba
 Soviet Union
 South Yemen
ELF
EPLF
Defeat
  • Eritrea gains independence after communist withdrawal.
Ethio-Somali War
(1977–1978)
Ethiopia
 Cuba
 South Yemen
 Soviet Union
Somalia Somalia
WSLF
Victory
  • Somali withdrawal
  • Somalia breaks all ties with the Second World except for China.
Soviet War in Afghanistan
(1979–1989)
 Soviet Union
Afghanistan Afghanistan
Peshawar Seven
Tehran Eight
Withdrawal

Russian Federation (1991–present)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results President
War of Transnistria
(1992)
 Transnistria
 Russia
 Moldova Victory
  • Transnistria gains de facto independence.
Boris Yeltsin
East Prigorodny Conflict
(1992)
North Ossetia–Alania North Ossetia–Alania
 South Ossetia
 Russia
Ingush militia Victory
Civil War in Tajikistan
(1992–1997)
 Tajikistan
 Russia
 Uzbekistan
UTO
Afghanistan
Taliban
UN armistice
  • The UTO is promised 30% of the ministerial positions in Tajik government.
Georgian Civil War
(1993)
Georgia (country) Georgian Government
 Russia
Georgia (country) Zviadists Victory
  • Zviadist revolt crushed.
First Chechen War
(1994–1996)
 Russia Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Mujahideen
Defeat
  • Chechnya's de-facto independence.
War of Dagestan
(1999)
 Russia IIPB Victory
Second Chechen War
(1999–2009)
 Russia Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Caucasian Front
Mujahideen
Victory
Russo-Georgian War
(2008)
 Russia
 South Ossetia
 Abkhazia
 Georgia Victory
  • Expansion of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Dmitry Medvedev
North Caucasus Insurgency
(2009–)
 Russia Caucasus Emirate
Mujahideen
Ongoing
  • Ongoing insurgency.
2014 Crimean crisis (intervention)
(2014)
 Russia  Ukraine Victory
Vladimir Putin


See also[edit]

References[edit]