List of wars involving Russia

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The Poles surrender the Moscow Kremlin to Prince Pozharsky in 1612.

This is an incomplete list of wars and conflicts involving Russia since end of the Tatar rule in 1480.

Grand Duchy of Moscow (1480–1547)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
Great stand on the Ugra river
(8 october 1480)
The Golden Horde Victory
  • End of Mongol rule
First Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1492-1494) Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania Victory
Russo-Swedish War (1495–1497) Sweden Inconclusive
Second Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1500-1503) Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order

Victory
Third Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1507-1508) Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Inconclusive
Fourth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1512-1522) Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Fifth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1534-1537) Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Indecisive

Tsardom of Russia (1547–1721)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
Livonian War
(1558-1583)
Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia
Kingdom of Livonia
Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Confederation

Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark–Norway
Flag of Sweden.svg Swedish Empire
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
(before 1569 the Polish–Lithuanian union)

Defeat
Russo-Turkish War (1568–1570) Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire

Military flag of the Crimean Tatars.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Russo-Swedish War (1590–1595) Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia Flag of Sweden.svg Swedish Empire Victory
Polish–Muscovite War (1605–1618) Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia
Flag of Sweden.svgKingdom of Sweden (1609–1610)
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Defeat but Russia independence
Ingrian War
(1610-1617)
Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia Flag of Sweden.svg Swedish Empire Defeat
Smolensk War
(1632-1634)
Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Defeat
Russian–Manchu border conflicts
(1652-1689)
Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia
Cossacks
Qing Empire

Joseon Dynasty

Defeat
Russo-Polish War (1654–1667) Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia
Herb Viyska Zaporozkogo (Alex K).svg Ukrainian Cossacks
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Russo-Swedish War (1656–1658) Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia Flag of Sweden.svg Swedish Empire Inconclusive
Russo-Turkish War (1676–1681) Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia Ottoman flag.svg Ottoman Empire

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Russo-Turkish War (1686–1700) Imperial Coat of arms of Russia (17th century).svg Tsardom of Russia
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg Habsburg Empire

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate

Ottoman flag.svg Ottoman Empire

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Great Northern War
(1700-1721)
Denmark Denmark–Norway

(1700, 1709–)
 Electorate of Saxony
(1700–6, 1709–)
Poland–Lithuania
(1700–4, 1709–)
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1700–8)
 Prussia (1715–)
Province of Hanover Hanover (1715–)
 Great Britain (1717–19)

Sweden Swedish Empire

Wappen Herzogtum Holstein 1703.gif Holstein-Gottorp
Poland–Lithuania (1704–9)
 Ottoman Empire (1710–4)
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1708–9)
 Great Britain (1700, 1719–21)

Victory

Victory against Sweden

Defeat against Ottoman Empire

Russian Empire (1721–1917)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
Russo-Persian War (1722–1723)  Russia
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svgUkrainian Cossacks

Georgia
Armenia

Flag of Shah Tahmasp I.svg Safavid Persian Empire Victory
War of the Polish Succession
(1733-1738)
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under  

  Augustus III of Poland
 Russia
 Habsburg Empire of Austria
 Saxony
 Prussia

Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under

  Stanisław Leszczyński
 France (Bourbons)
 Spain (Bourbons)
 Kingdom of Sardinia

Indecisive
Russo-Austrian-Turkish War (1735–1739)  Russia
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (Protectorate of Russian Empire)

 Habsburg Monarchy

 Ottoman Empire Victory
Bashkir Rebellion
(1735-1740)
 Russia Bashkirs Victory
Russo-Swedish War (1741–1743)

Part of the War of the Austrian Succession

 Russia Sweden Sweden Victory
War of the Austrian Succession
(1740-1748)
 Habsburg Monarchy

 Great Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
 Dutch Republic
 Saxony (1743–45)
 Kingdom of Sardinia

 Kingdom of Prussia

(1740–42) (1744–45)
Spain Kingdom of Spain (1740–1746)
 Russia
 Kingdom of France
Bavaria Bavaria (1741–45)
 Saxony (1741–42)
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples and Sicily
 Republic of Genoa
Sweden Sweden (1741–43)

Defeat
Seven Years' War
(1756-1763)
  • Russian involvement until 1762
 France

 Habsburg Monarchy
 Spain
 Sweden
 Russia
 Saxony

 Prussia

 Great Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Portugal
Hesse Hesse-Kassel
Schaumburg-Lippe
Flag of the Iroquois Confederacy.svg Iroquois Confederacy

White peace

Defeat of Russia's former allies

War of the Bar Confederation
(1768-1772)
 Russia Kingdom of France Kingdom of France

Poland Bar Confederation

Victory
Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774)  Russia Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792)  Russia Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
Russo-Swedish War (1788–1790)  Russia Sweden Sweden Inconclusive
Polish–Russian War of 1792
(1792)
 Russia
Targowica Confederates
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Victory
Persian Expedition of 1796
(1796)
 Russia Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire Victory
War of the Second Coalition
(1799-1802)
  • Russia left the coalition in 1799
 Habsburg Monarchy

 Holy Roman Empire
 Great Britain
 Russia
Kingdom of France French Royalists
Portugal
 Two Sicilies
 Ottoman Empire

France French Republic

 Spain
Denmark Denmark-Norway
Poland Polish Legions
French client states

Coalition defeat
War of the Third Coalition
(1803-1806)
 Austrian Empire

 United Kingdom
 Russia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Kingdom of Sicily
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Kingdom of Naples
Portugal
 Sweden

France First French Empire

French client states

Defeat
Russo-Persian War (1804–1813)  Russia Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire Victory
War of the Fourth Coalition
(1806-1807)
 Prussia

 United Kingdom
 Saxony
 Sweden
 Russia
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily

France French Empire

Confederation of the Rhine

 Polish Legions
French client states  Spain

Defeat
Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812)  Russia Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
Finnish War
(1808-1809)
 Russia Sweden Sweden Victory
War of the Fifth Coalition
(1809)
  • Galician campaign: minimal Russian involvement
FranceFrench Empire
Duchy of Warsaw
 Russia
 Austria Victory
French invasion of Russia
(1812)
 Russia France French Empire

French client states
Austrian Empire Austria
Kingdom of Prussia Prussia
Spain Spain

Victory
War of the Sixth Coalition
(1813-1814)
 Austrian Empire

 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Sweden
 Russia
Spain Spain
Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia

France First French Empire

French client states

Victory
War of the Seventh Coalition
(1815)
 Austrian Empire
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Russia
Province of Hanover Hanover

Nassau
Brunswick
 Sweden
 United Netherlands
 Spain
Portugal
 Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Tuscany Tuscany
Switzerland Switzerland
Kingdom of France French Royalists

France First French Empire
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Victory
Russo-Persian War (1826–1828)  Russia Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire Victory
Battle of Navarino
(1827)
 United Kingdom
France First French Empire
 Russia
 Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire Eyalet of Egypt
Ottoman Empire Vilayet of Tunisia
Victory
Russo-Turkish War (1828–1829)  Russia Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
November Uprising
(1830-1831)
 Russia Poland Congress Poland Victory
Crimean War
(1853-1856)
 Russia French Empire
 Ottoman Empire
 British Empire
 Kingdom of Sardinia
Defeat
January Uprising
(1863-1864)
 Russia Coat of arms of the January Uprising.svg Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian insurgents Victory
Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878)  Russia
Samara flag.png Bulgarian volunteers
Romania Romania
Serbia Serbia
 Montenegro
Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Victory
Boxer Rebellion
(1899-1901)
Eight-Nation Alliance:

 Japan
 United Kingdom
 Russia
France France
 United States
 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Italy

Righteous Harmony Society

 Qing Empire

Victory

Russo-Japanese War
(1904-1905)

 Russia
 Principality of Montenegro
 Empire of Japan Defeat
World War I
(1914-1918)
Allies:

 France
 United Kingdom
 Russia
 United States
Republic of China (1912–49) China
 Italy
 Japan
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
 Serbia
 Romania
 Belgium
 Greece
 Portugal
 Brazil

Central Powers:

 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Ottoman Empire
 Bulgaria

Defeat

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1917–1922)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Russian Civil War
(1917–1922)
 Russian SFSR
 Far Eastern Republic
Mongolian Communists

Makhnovshchina
Left SR
Green armies

Russia White Movement
Mountain Republic
Black Army
Left SR
Green armies

 British Empire
 Empire of Japan
 Czechoslovakia
 Greece
 United States
 France
 Serbia
 Romania
 Italy
 China


Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921).svg Mongolia

Victory
Ukrainian War of Independence
(1917–1921)
 Russian SFSR
Ukrainian SSR
RPAU flag.svg Makhnovshchina
UNR
ZUNR
Ukrainian State
Victory
Finnish Civil War
(1918)
 Russian SFSR
Red flag.svg Red Guard
Flag of Finland 1918 (state).svg White Guard
German Empire Germany
Defeat
  • German hegemony until 11 November 1918.
Latvian War of Independence
(1918–1920)
 Russian SFSR
 Latvian SSR
Latvia Latvia
Lithuania Lithuania
Defeat
  • Independence of Latvia.
Estonian War of Independence
(1918–1920)
 Russian SFSR
Commune of Estonia
Estonia Estonia
Baltische Landeswehr
Defeat
  • Independence of Estonia.
Lithuanian–Soviet War
(1918–1919)
 Russian SFSR
LBSSR
Lithuania Republic of Lithuania
 Saxon Volunteers
Defeat
  • Bolshevik forces driven out.
Georgian-Ossetian Conflict
(1918–1920)
 Russian SFSR
Red flag.svg Ossetian rebels
Transcaucasian Federation
Georgia
Defeat
  • Ossetian rebellion crushed.
Polish–Soviet War
(1919–1921)
 Russian SFSR
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian SSR
Poland Poland
 Ukraine
Defeat
Invasion of Azerbaijan
(1920)
 Russian SFSR
 Azerbaijan SSR
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Victory
  • Overthrow of the ADR government.
Invasion of Georgia
(1921)
 Russian SFSR
 Turkey
Georgia Victory
February Uprising
(1921)
 Russian SFSR Armenia ARF Victory
  • Bolshevik forces recapture Yerevan.
East Karelian Uprising
(1921–1922)
 Russian SFSR KarelianNationalFlag.svg Forest Guerrillas
Finland Finnish volunteers
Victory
  • Uprising put down.

Soviet Union (1922–1991)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
August Uprising
(1924)
 Soviet Union Damkom Victory
  • Consolidation of Soviet rule in Georgia.
Sino-Soviet conflict
(1929)
 Soviet Union Taiwan China Victory
  • Provisions of 1924 agreement were upheld.
Soviet–Japanese border conflicts
(1932–1941)
 Soviet Union
Mongolia Mongolia
 Empire of Japan
 Manchukuo
Victory
Islamic Rebellion in Xinjiang
(1937)
Taiwan Xinjiang
 Soviet Union
Russian Empire White Movement
Taiwan China Victory
  • Sheng Shica's regime established its rule over the whole territory of Xinjiang province.
Invasion of Poland
(1939)
 Germany
Slovakia Slovakia
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Poland Poland Victory
  • Polish territory divided between Germany, the Soviet Union, Lithuania and Slovakia.
Winter War
(1939–1940)
Soviet Union Soviet Union  Finland Victory
Occupation of the Baltic states
(1940)
 Soviet Union  Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Victory
Continuation War
(1941–1944)
Soviet Union Soviet Union  Finland
Nazi Germany Germany
Victory
Lapland War
(1944–1945)
 Finland
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Nazi Germany Germany Victory
  • German retreat from Finnish territory.
World War II
(1941–1945)
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
 Yugoslavia
 Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil
 Mexico
 Ethiopia
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
 Hungary
 Romania
 Bulgaria
 Finland
 Thailand
 Manchukuo
 Croatia
 Slovakia
Victory
Guerilla war in the Baltic states
(1944–1956)
 Soviet Union  Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Victory
  • Defeat of national partisans.
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
 United Nations
 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
Ceasefire
Uprising of 1953 in East Germany
(1953)
 Soviet Union
 East Germany
East Germany East German Demonstrators Victory
  • Uprising suppressed
Hungarian Revolution
(1956)
 Soviet Union
Hungary ÁVH
Revolutionaries Victory
  • Revolution crushed.
Invasion of Czechoslovakia
(1968)
 Soviet Union
Bulgaria
 East Germany
Hungary
Poland
Czechoslovakia Victory
War of Attrition
(1969–1970)
 Egypt
 Soviet Union
 Israel Both sides claim victory
  • Continued Israeli occupation of Sinai
Eritrean War of Independence
(1974–1990)
Ethiopia Ethiopia
 Cuba
 Soviet Union
 South Yemen
ELF
EPLF
Defeat
  • Eritrea gains independence after communist withdrawal.
Angolan Civil War
(1975-2002)
Angola MPLA
SWAPO
MK
 Cuba (1975-91)
 East Germany (1975-89)
 Soviet Union(1975-89)
South Africa EO (1992-95)
 Tanzania
Mozambique Mozambique
 Portugal
UNITA
FNLA
FLEC
 South Africa (1975-89)
 Zaire (1975)
Perez

Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 China

Victory
  • Withdrawal of all foreign forces in 1989
  • Transition towards a multiparty political system in 1991/92
  • Dissolution of the armed forces of FNLA
  • Participation of UNITA and FNLA, as political parties, in the new political system, from 1991/92 onwards, but civil war continues
  • Jonas Savimbi killed in 2002
  • Immediate peace agreement and dissolution of the armed forces of UNITA in 2002
  • Resistance of FLEC continued beyond 2002
Ethio-Somali War
(1977–1978)
Ethiopia
 Cuba
 South Yemen
 Soviet Union
Somalia Somalia
WSLF
Victory
  • Somali withdrawal
  • Somalia breaks all ties with the Second World except for China.
Soviet War in Afghanistan
(1979–1989)
 Soviet Union
Afghanistan Afghanistan
Peshawar Seven
Tehran Eight
Withdrawal

Russian Federation (1991–present)[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
War of Transnistria
(1992)
 Transnistria
 Russia
 Moldova Victory
  • Transnistria gains de facto independence.
East Prigorodny Conflict
(1992)
North Ossetia–Alania North Ossetia
 South Ossetia
 Russia
Ingush militia Victory
Civil War in Tajikistan
(1992–1997)
 Tajikistan
 Russia
 Uzbekistan
UTO
Afghanistan
Taliban
UN armistice
  • The UTO is promised 30% of the ministerial positions in Tajik government.
Georgian Civil War
(1993)
Georgia (country) Georgia
 Russia
Georgia (country) Zviadists Victory
  • Zviadist revolt crushed.
South Ossetian War
(1991-92)
 Russia
 South Ossetia
 North Ossetia-Alania
 Georgia Victory
  • South Ossetia became a de facto independent republic, but internationally was recognised as part of Georgia.
War in Abkhazia
(1991-94)
 Russia
 Abkhazia
Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus
 Georgia Victory
  • Abkhazia became a de facto independent republic, but internationally was recognised as part of Georgia.
First Chechen War
(1994–1996)
 Russia Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Mujahideen
Defeat
  • Chechnya's de facto independence.
War of Dagestan
(1999)
 Russia IIPB Victory
Second Chechen War
(1999–2009)
 Russia Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Caucasian Front
Mujahideen
Victory
Russo-Georgian War
(2008)
 Russia
 South Ossetia
 Abkhazia
 Georgia Victory
  • Expansion of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
North Caucasus Insurgency
(2009–)
 Russia Caucasus Emirate
Mujahideen
Ongoing
  • Ongoing insurgency.
Intervention in Ukraine
(2014–)
 Russia
Novorossiya
 Ukraine Ongoing

See also[edit]

References[edit]