List of wars involving Sri Lanka

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This is a list of wars involving Sri Lanka.

Lanka[edit]

Conflict Sri Lanka and allies Opponents Results Sri Lankan commanders Sri Lankan losses
King General SL
forces
Civilians
Anuradhapura Kingdom
Battle of Vijithapura
(162 or 161 BC)
 Anuradhapura Kingdom Elara Victory
Dutugamunu
Unknown Unknown
Anuradhapurian invasion of Chola
(120)
 Anuradhapura Kingdom  Chola dynasty
Gajabahu I
Unknown Unknown
Anuradhapura invasion of Pandya
(853)
 Anuradhapura Kingdom  Pandyan Dynasty
Sena I
Sena II
General Kuttaka
Unknown Unknown
Anuradhapura invasion of Pandya
(917)
 Anuradhapura Kingdom  Pandyan Dynasty
Kassapa IV
Unknown Unknown

(946)
 Anuradhapura Kingdom
Dappula V
General Viduragga
Unknown Unknown
Chola rule in Sri Lanka
(993)
 Anuradhapura Kingdom  Chola dynasty Defeat
Mahinda V
Unknown Unknown
Polonnaruwa Kingdom
Polonnaruwa–Pagan War
(1164–1165)
 Polonnaruwa Kingdom Pagan Kingdom Victory
Parakramabahu I
Unknown Unknown
Chola invasion of Pandya
(1167–1183)
 Polonnaruwa Kingdom
 Pandyan Dynasty
 Chola dynasty Victory
Parakramabahu I
Lankapura Dandanatha
Unknown Unknown
Kingdom of Kotte
Ming–Kotte War
(1410 or 1411)
 Kingdom of Kotte Ming Dynasty Defeat
Alagakkonara
Kingdom of Sitawaka
Sinhalese–Portuguese War
(1538-1640)
 Kingdom of Sitawaka
 Kingdom of Kandy
 Dutch East India Company
 Portuguese Empire

 Kingdom of Kotte

Victory
Various
Various
 ?  ?
Jaffna Kingdom
Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna kingdom
(1619)
 Jaffna Kingdom
 Kingdom of Kandy
Supported by:
Thanjavur Nayak kingdom
 Portuguese Empire Defeat
  • Cankili II imprisoned and executed by Portuguese
  • 11 February 1621: Tamils sovereignty ended
Cankili II
Unknown Unknown
Chiefdom of Vanni (Vanni Bandara)
Vanniyar Rebellion
(1782)
Chiefdom of Vanni
 Kingdom of Kandy
 Dutch Republic Victory
  • Vanni region liberated from Dutch rule
Pandara Vanniyan
Unknown Unknown
British Expedition to Ceylon
(1803)
Chiefdom of Vanni
 Kingdom of Kandy
 Dutch Republic
 British Empire
Defeat
  • Vanni region lost to the British
  • The last Tamil resistance against colonial rule was crushed.
Pandara Vanniyan
Unknown Unknown
Kingdom of Kandy
Dutch–Portuguese War
(1602–1663)
 Kingdom of Kandy
 Dutch Republic
 Kingdom of England
(until 1640)
Johor Johor Sultanate
Kingdom of Kongo
Kingdom of Ndongo
Rio Grande Tupis
Nhandui Tarairiu Tribe
Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
Supported by:
 Crown of Castile
(until 1640)
 Kingdom of Cochin
Potiguara Tupis
Treaty of Hague
Senarat
Rajasinghe II
 ?  ?  ?
British Expedition to Ceylon
(1803-1804)
 Kingdom of Kandy  British Empire Victory  ?  ?  ?  ?
Kandyan Wars
(1796–1818)
 Kingdom of Kandy  British Empire Defeat
  • Victory of the British forces
  • Effectively ending the 2357 years old independence of the Sinhalese
Sri Vikrama Rajasinha
 ?  ?  ?

British Ceylon[edit]

Conflict Ceylon and allies Opponents Results Governor(s) Ceylonese losses
Ceylon
forces
Civilians
Matale Rebellion
(1848)
 British Ceylon Kandyan Opposition Victory
The Viscount Torrington
 ?  ?
Second Boer War
(1899–1902)
 British Ceylon
 British Empire
 Orange Free State

 South African Republic Foreign volunteers from:

Victory
  • Treaty of Vereeniging:
    • All Boers to surrender arms and swear allegiance to the Crown
    • Dutch language permitted in education
    • Promise to grant Boer republics self-government
    • £3,000,000 compensation "reconstruction aid" to Afrikaners
West Ridgeway
 ?  ?
World War I
(1914–1918)
The Allies
Central Powers and Allies
Victory

Treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Trianon:

Russia pulls out in 1917

Creation of League of Nations:

Robert Chalmers
Reginald Edward Stubbs
John Anderson
Reginald Edward Stubbs
William Manning
 ?  ?
World War II
(1931–1945)
The Allies
Axis Powers
Victory
Graeme Thomson
Francis Graeme Tyrrell
Reginald Edward Stubbs
Maxwell MacLagan Wedderburn
Andrew Caldecott
Henry Monck-Mason Moore
 ?  ?

Sri Lanka[edit]

Conflict Sri Lanka and allies Opponents Results Sri Lankan commanders Sri Lankan losses
Head(s) of Government Defense Minister(s) SL
forces
Civilians
1971 JVP Insurrection
(1971)
 Sri Lanka Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna Victory
  • Rebel forces surrender
  • Ceylonese government reestablishes control over entire island
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
53 1,200
1987–89 JVP Insurrection
(1987–1989)
 Sri Lanka Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna Victory
J. R. Jayewardene
 ?  ?
Sri Lankan Civil War
(1983–2009)
 Sri Lanka
 India
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Victory
J. R. Jayewardene
Ranasinghe Premadasa 
Dingiri Banda Wijetunga
Chandrika Kumaratunga
Mahinda Rajapaksa
Ranasinghe Premadasa
Ranjan Wijeratne
Dingiri Banda Wijetunga
Tilak Marapana
Mahinda Rajapaksa
23,327 60,000–100,000

Peacekeeping[edit]

Conflict Sri Lanka and allies Country Results Sri Lankan commanders Sri Lankan losses
Head(s) of Government Defense Minister(s)
United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
(1978–Present)
 Sri Lanka  Lebanon Ongoing
J. R. Jayewardene
0
United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti
(2004–Present)
 Sri Lanka  Haiti Ongoing
Chandrika Kumaratunga
 ?
United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad
(2007–2010)
 Sri Lanka  Central African Republic
 Chad
Ended
Mahinda Rajapaksa
 ?

References[edit]

See also[edit]