List of wars involving Switzerland

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This article is an incomplete list of wars and conflicts involving Switzerland, since the creation of the Old Swiss Confederacy.

Old Swiss Confederacy[edit]

Growth (1291–1523)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
15 November 1315 Battle of Morgarten

part of

Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy Austria Archduchy of Austria Decisive Swiss victory

Pact of Brunnen

9 July 1386 Battle of Sempach

part of

Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy Austria Archduchy of Austria Decisive Swiss victory
2 November 1440 12 June 1446 Old Zürich War Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy Canton of Zurich Imperial City of Zürich

Austria Archduchy of Austria
Blason France moderne.svg Kingdom of France

Swiss Confederation victory
1474 1477 Burgundian Wars Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy

Blason France moderne.svg Kingdom of France

Burgundy Duchy of Burgundy Franco-Swiss victory
January 1499 September 1499 Swabian War Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy  Holy Roman Empire
Swiss Confederation victory

Treaty of Basel (1499):

  • Further independence of the Swiss Confederation from the Holy Roman Empire
1511 1516 War of the League of Cambrai Switzerland Swiss mercenaries

 Papal States
 Spain
 Holy Roman Empire
 England Flag of the Duchy of Milan (1450).svg Duchy of Milan

 Venice

 France
 Scotland
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg Duchy of Ferrara

Defeat

Reformation (1523–1648)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
1531 Second War of Kappel
  • Civil War of religions
Catholic cantons victory
30 June 1422 Battle of Arbedo Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy Flag of the Duchy of Milan.png Duchy of Milan Defeat:
  • End of Swiss expansionism

Ancien Régime (1648–1798)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
January 1653 June 1653 Swiss peasant war of 1653
  • Civil War
Military victory of the ruling city councils
1656 and 1712 Battles of Villmergen
  • Civil Wars of religions

Napoleonic Era and Restoration (1798–1848)[edit]

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
1798 1799 French Revolutionary Wars
  • Swiss Campaign
Switzerland becomes a battlefield for Revolutionary France

French victory: creation of the Helvetic Republic, a French client state

1799 1802 War of the Second Coalition France French Republic

Poland Polish Legions
French client states

Holy Roman Empire Austria

 Russia
 Great Britain
Kingdom of France French Royalists
Portugal
 Two Sicilies
 Ottoman Empire

French Republic victory
1802 Stecklikrieg
  • Civil war
Collapse of the Helvetic Republic, French Act of Mediation and creation of the Swiss Confederation (Napoleonic)
1806 1807 War of the Fourth Coalition France First French Empire

French client states

 Prussia
 Russia
 United Kingdom
 Saxony[a]
 Sweden
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily
French victory
10 April 1809 14 October 1809 War of the Fifth Coalition France First French Empire

French client states

 Austria
  • Tyrol (in rebellion against Bavaria)

 United Kingdom
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia
Black Brunswickers

French victory
1813 1814 War of the Sixth Coalition France First French Empire

French client states

 Russia
 Prussia
 Austria
 United Kingdom
 Sweden
Spain Spain
Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia
Defeat
20 March 1815 8 July 1815 War of the Seventh Coalition Seventh Coalition:

 Austrian Empire
 Russian Empire
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
Province of Hanover Hanover
Nassau
Brunswick
 Sweden
 United Netherlands
 Spain
Portugal
 Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Tuscany Tuscany
Switzerland Switzerland
Kingdom of France French Royalists

France First French Empire
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Coalition victory
3 November 1847 29 November 1847 Sonderbund War
  • Civil war
Rise of Switzerland as a federal state

Switzerland as a federal state[edit]

See also[edit]