List of women in the Heritage Floor

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This list documents all 999 mythical, historical and notable women who are displayed on the handmade white tiles of the Heritage Floor as part of Judy Chicago's The Dinner Party art installation (1979). The names appear as they are spelled on the floor. Since 2007 the installation has been on permanent exhibition at the Brooklyn Museum, New York.

This is a sort-able list. Click on the column headers to reorder .
Name Birthdate Location Group Notes
Abella of Salerno 1350Flourished c. 1350 Salerno, Italy Trotula Taught medicine at Schola Medica Salernitana, focusing on embryology,[1] and published two treatises.[2]
Abigail -965Flourished c. 965 BCE[3] Ancient Israel Judith Earliest female pacifist in biblical record.[4] Her husband defied King David and to avoid war, she went behind her husband's back and prepared food for David, in order to keep the peace. Her husband died from the shock of her actions, and she would go on to become the third wife of David.[3][4]
Abigail Adams 1744 1744 Massachusetts, United States Anne Hutchinson abolitionist, women's education advocate, influential political figure.[5]
Adela of Blois 1067c. 1067[6] France Eleanor of Aquitaine Filled as regent while her husband, Stephen Henry, participated in the First Crusade.[6][7]
Adela Zamudio-Ribero 18541854[8] Cochabamba, Bolivia[8] Virginia Woolf Poet, intellectual and founder of the Bolivian feminist movement.[8]
Adelaide 931931[9] France Theodora Empress of the Holy Roman Empire.[9][10]
Adelaide Labille-Guiard 17491749 France Artemisia Gentileschi Portrait painter, member of the Académie Royale, women's education advocate.[11][12]
Adelaide of Susa 1016c. 1016 Italy Eleanor of Aquitaine Philanthropist, heiress, countess of Savoy.[13] She also led an army to defend Turin.[14]
Adelberger 7018th century Italy Trotula Physician, member of the Guild of Lay Healers.[15] Possibly Adelperga, daughter of Desiderius, who fought against Charlemagne. Little to no information is easily available about the lay healer, Adelberger.
Adelheid Popp 18691869 Vienna, Austria Susan B. Anthony Leader of the Austrian Socialist Women's Movement, served in Austrian government.[16]
Eudocia 400c. 400[17] Athens; Jerusalem Theodora Philanthropist, politician, poet, was an Orthodox Christian who fought for the protection of Jews and pagans[17][18]
Eudoxia 380380[17] Constantinople Theodora Empress of Byzantium who influenced the political work of her husband, Emperor Arcadius.[17][19]
Aemilia 300c. 300 Gaul Hypatia Poet and physician, rejected marriage as it was a hindrance to her career.[20] Wrote books about gynecology and obstetrics.[21]
Æthelburg 673c. 673 England Theodora Queen of Wessex alongside husband King Ine of Wessex. Fought battles alongside Ine. In 728 they relinquished the crown to her brother and lived amongst the poor in Rome.[22]
Ethelberga 614c. 614[23] England Hrosvitha Daughter of Bertha of Kent and Æthelberht of Kent. After her husband, King Edwin of Northumbria, died, she founded the first Benedictine nunnery in England.[24]
Æthelflæd 869869 England Theodora Led troops against the Vikings. After her husband, Æthelred died, she became the sole ruler of Mercia.[6][22]
Agatha 235c. 235[25] Sicily Hypatia Rejected the advances of Roman military officials and was tortured by having her breasts cut off,[21] then, she was sentenced to burn at the stake but was saved by an earthquake. She died in prison and became a saint in the Catholic faith.[25] She is the patron saint of breast cancer patients.[26]
Aglaonice -200Between 2nd and 4th century BCE[17][27][28] Greece Aspasia Believed to be the first woman astronomer. She could predict lunar eclipses and was accused of sorcery; as people believed her ability to predict was actually the ability to create the eclipses.[17][27][28]
Agnes d'Harcourt 120113th century France Hildegarde of Bingen Abbess of the Abbey of Longchamp and author. She wrote the first biography about Saint Isabel, whom she also served as personal assistant to.[29][30]
Agnes 1184Flourished c. 1184 Germany Hrosvitha Abbess of St. Mary's in Quedlinburg, where fine needlework and weavings were created, as well as manuscript illustrations. Agnes encouraged artistic creation and supported a healthy art industry with her nuns' creations.[31][32]
Agnes 12111211[25] Bohemia Hildegarde of Bingen Former Bohemian princess who founded the Poor Clares religious order, an abbey, and a hospital. Canonized in 1989, she is the patron saint of Bohemia.[30]
Agnes of Poitou 1025c. 1024[33] France Eleanor of Aquitaine Second wife of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor; she governed the empire until her son, Henry IV came of age to rule.[14] She opposed Pope Gregory VII and helped to elect Cadalus, his rival, to throne. In 1062 her son Henry was kidnapped, and as ransom to save his life, she resigned as regent and remained the rest of her life in a convent.[33]
Agnes of Dunbar 13121312 Scotland Christine de Pisan Known as "Black Agnes," she successfully defended her family's castle while her husband, Patrick V, Earl of March, was at war, in 1337.[34][35]
Agnes Sampson 150116th century Scotland Petronilla de Meath A healer, she was a chief witness at the North Berwick witch trials. She was tortured, and forced to confess to conspiring with 200 other women to work with the devil to try to kill King James VI. She was found guilty and executed in 1591.[36][37]
Agnes Smedley 18921892 United States Virginia Woolf Journalist, who traveled to Berlin in 1920 and helped opened Germany's first birth control clinic. She continued to travel the world, seeing human and political rights violations first hand. She wrote numerous books, including an autobiography and coverage on China during World War II.[38][39]
Agnès Sorel 1422c. 1422[40][41] France Isabella d'Este Mistress of King Charles VII of France and the first to be publicly acknowledged.[41][42] All four of their children were also acknowledged and she died of dysentery at age 28, but some believe she was poisoned.[41]
Agnes Waterhouse 1503c 1503[32] England Petronilla de Meath She was the first woman executed for witchcraft in England.[32][43]
Agnodice 505c 505[27] Greece Aspasia The first female gynecologist.[44] She disguised herself as a man in order to go to medical school. She became a gynecologist, and when male doctors realized women preferred her services, they charged her with malpractice. She outed herself, and they tried to pass a law prohibiting women to practice medicine. The law was eventually changed, due to women speaking out, until the 12th century AD.[27]
Agrippina I -14c 14 BCE[45][46] Rome Marcella Married Germanicus and accompanied him into battle during wartime. After his death, she became a voice representing the political struggle of Rome, and her and her two teenage sons were accused of trying to over throw Tiberius and they were eventually exiled.[42][45]
Agrippina II 1515 CE Rome Marcella Julia Agrippina, Roman noble woman, the wife of the emperor Claudius and mother of Nero, who effectively ruled the empire for two decades through her influence over both her husband and son.
Aisha 110112th century Spain Hrosvitha Spanish poet whom presented her work at the Royal Academy of Córdoba, Andalusia.[31]
Ajysyt -10000Mythical Siberia Primordial Goddess The Siberian goddess of birth.[47][48]
Albertine Necker de Saussure 17661766 France Emily Dickinson The cousin of writer Germaine de Staël,[49] whom she collaborated frequently with and wrote about. Women's rights advocate and supporter of physical education for girls.[50]
Aleksandra Kollantay 18721872 Russia Margaret Sanger Her surname is commonly spelled Kollontai.[51] Women's rights activist, and socialist. She fled Russia in 1905 and lived in Germany, advocating women's issues. After the 1917 Revolution she returned to Russia and was elected Commissar of Social Welfare.[52]
Alessandra Giliani 13071307[44] Italy Isabella d'Este She invented a way to draw blood from veins and arteries of cadavers, and then replaced the blood with fluid dyes. These dyes allowed the veins to remain marked for students to study. She died suddenly at age 19.[44] to make them more visible. She was a medical illustrator and assistant to Mondino de Liuzzi.[53]
Aletta Jacobs 18541854 Netherlands Susan B. Anthony The first woman to graduate from a Dutch university and the first female physician in the Netherlands. She was also a women's rights advocate and translated Charlotte Perkins Gilman's Women and Economics into Dutch, helping spread feminist ideals through the country. After World War I she created the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.[54][55]
Alexandra of Jerusalem -139139 BCE Judea Boadaceia Took over the throne of Judea after the death of her husband, Alexander Jannaeus, in 76 BCE.[56] She was a peacekeeper in the region and led Judea into a prosperous period during her rule. Upon her death in 67 BCE, civil war began immediately as her son came to the throne.[57]
Alexandra van Grippenberg 1857c. 1857 Finland Susan B. Anthony An early advocate for temperance and women's rights. Established a branch of the International Council of Women in Finland.[54][58]
Alfonsina Storni 18921892 Argentina Virginia Woolf Storni was a poet, actress, educator and feminist. She founded the Argentine Society of Writers.[59] She had breast cancer, which moved to her throat. Failed treatments curbed her interest in further treatment, and she went to the ocean and killed herself by walking into the water.[60]
Alice Kyteler 1324c. 1324[61] Ireland Petronilla de Meath She was called the Witch of Kilkenny, and was one of the earliest women in Ireland to be accused of witchcraft. All of her husbands died during marriage,[61] leaving her wealthy, and she was accused of murdering them. She was able to escape further accusations of witchcraft due to her aristocratic connections and escaped to England in 1325.[62]
Alice Milliat 18841884[63] France Elizabeth Blackwell She founded the Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale[63] and launched the Women's World Games, also called the Women's Olympics.[63] The WWG led to the Olympic Committee to open up track-and-field events at the 1928 games to women.[64]
Alice Paul 18851885 United States Susan B. Anthony One of the most important leaders in the American suffragist movement, she wrote the Equal Rights Amendment and founded the National Woman's Party in the United States.[65]
Alice Pike Barney 18571857 United States Natalie Barney The mother of Natalie Barney, she was an advocate for the arts, an artist, and a philanthropist. She hosted salon evenings, with the who's who of Washington, D.C.'s society.[66] She gave her home, fully intact, to the Smithsonian Institution, who proceeded to sell it and its contents.[67]
Alice Samuel 150116th century England Petronilla de Meath As an elderly woman, she was accused of being a witch by the children of her employer. Her trial was held in 1593, and she was hung, along with two relatives, as the results of the children's testimony.[68]
Alice Stone Blackwell 18571857 United States Susan B. Anthony Daughter of Lucy Stone, she edited the Woman's Journal and assisted with the formation of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.[69]
Aliénor de Poitiers 1450Flourished late 15th century France Christine de Pisan An author, she wrote Les honneurs de la cour, a book about court ritual and etiquette for all social classes. She was described as the Emily Post of the 15th century.[70]
Alison Rutherford 17121712 Scotland Mary Wollstonecraft A lyricist, Rutherford moved to Edinburgh in 1753 after becoming a widow and hung out in circles of Scotland's literary elite. She wrote a version of the Scottish folk song Flowers of the Forest.[71]
Almucs de Castelnau 1140c. 1140 France Eleanor of Aquitaine She was a French troubadour.[72]
Aloara 90110th century Italy Trotula After the death of her husband, Pandolf, in 981, she ruled Capua until her death in 992.[15]
Alpis de Cudot 1156c. 1156[73] France Hildegarde of Bingen Cudot, who suffered from leprosy, had visions incited by her illness. Often religious in nature, one vision led her to believe that the earth was flat. As she promoted the concept, people did not believe her. She was canonized in the 19th century.[74]
Althea Gibson 1927 United States Elizabeth Blackwell The first African American woman to compete in the Wimbledon Championships and the US Open. She went on to play golf, and became the first African American woman to participate in the Ladies Professional Golf Association.[75]
Alukah -10000Mythical Canaan Kali A succubus or vampire, Alukah may be associated with Lilith.[76]
Amat-Mamu -1750Flourished c. 1750 BCE Babylonia Ishtar She was a priestess and temple scribe in Sippar.[77]
Amelia Earhart 1897 United States Elizabeth Blackwell Aviator and women's rights activist.
Amelia Holst 17581758[78] Germany Susan B. Anthony Her name is actually spelled Amalia Holst. The German counterpart of Mary Wollstonecraft, she was an outspoken feminist and educator.[78] She wrote the first book in German arguing for women's educational opportunities.[54]
Amelia Villa 1900 Bolivia Elizabeth Blackwell The first female physician from Bolivia.[79]
Amy Beach 1867 United States Ethel Smyth American pianist and first female composer in the United States.[80]
Ana Betancourt 1832 Cuba Sacajawea She was a mambisa, and was one of the first generation Cuban feminists.[81]
Anaconda 1474 Haiti Sacajawea The correct spelling of her name is Anacaona. She was a Taino chief, a poet and a songwriter.[82]
Anahita -10000Mythical Persia Ishtar Virgin goddess of fertility, love and war.[83]
Anaïs Nin 1903 Europe, United States Virginia Woolf Author and diarist. One of the first female authors to write erotica.[84]
Anastasia 1400 Flourished c. 1400 France Christine de Pisan Manuscript illumination artist.[85]
Anastasia 301Flourished early 4th century CE Rome Marcella She was arrested and prosecuted in the last wave of Christian persecutions, dying in 304. She was sainted in the 5th century.[86]
Anath -10000Mythical Canaan Ishtar Goddess of love and warfare.[87]
Anasandra -201Flourished 3rd century BCE Greece Sappho The correct spelling of her name is Anaxandra. She was a painter.[88]
Andrea Villarreal 1881 Mexico; United States Sacajawea Teacher, poet, labor organizer and feminist who co-published La Mujer Moderna (English: The Modern Woman), with her sister.[89]
Angela Merici 1474 c. 1474 Italy Christine de Pisan Founded the Ursulines. She was canonized in 1807.[90]
Angelberga 801Flourished in the 9th century Italy Trotula Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, co-ruled with her husband, Louis II of Italy. In 869 became abbess of San Sisto in Piacenza, which she had founded.[91]
Angéle de la Barthe 1230c. 1230 France Petronilla de Meath A noblewoman, she was accused of witchcraft and under torture she confessed. She was convicted and burned alive. The city of Toulouse has no records of her trial and historians question the validity of the story.[92]
Angelica Balabanoff 1878 Ukraine Margaret Sanger Russian socialist writer. She moved to Italy and became a leading member of the Italian Socialist Party then moved back to Russia to become active in the Bolshevik Party and worked with Emma Goldman, Lenin and Leon Trotsky.[93]
Angelica Kauffman 1741 Switzerland-Italy Artemisia Gentileschi A leading Italian portrait painter who was admitted to the academies of Florence, Bologna, and Rome, and in 1768 was a co-founder of the Royal Academy of Art, in London.[94]
Angelina Grimké 1805 United States Sojourner Truth Christian women's rights activist and abolitionist. Wrote the first tract in the United States about women's rights, Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women (1838).[95]
Angelique du Coudray 1712 France Caroline Herschel Court midwife to Louis XV of France who trained around 4,000 poor French women as midwives. Invented the first lifesize obstetrical mannequin, for practicing mock births.[96]
Ageltrude Benevento 8019th century Italy Trotula Holy Roman Empress. Used her political power to have her son, Lambert, confirmed as Roman emperor and also to support the election of Pope Stephen VI.[97]
Ann Lee 1736 United States Anne Hutchinson Joined the Shakers and moved to America after being placed in an English prison for a vision which influenced the Shaker belief system about celibacy. She went to jail again in New York for treason after refusing to pledge allegiance. She was called "Mother Ann" and preached in New England. Her work inspired her followers to found the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing.[98]
Anna Dalassena Comnena 1025 Byzantine Theodora Byzantine noblewoman and mother to emperor Alexios I Komnenos. Ruled as empress during her son's absence in military campaigns.[99]
Anna Karsch 1722 Germany Emily Dickinson Dubbed "the German Sappho". The daughter of an innkeeper, Karsch received no formal education and had a difficult life, marked by poverty and two abusive marriages. Her natural abilities as a poet, however, stunned her contemporaries.[100]
Anna Comnena 1083 Byzantine Theodora Wrote the Alexiad, which recounts the political and military history of the Byzantine empire under her father, Alexios I Komnenos.[101]
Anna Maria Schwagel 1729 Bavaria Petronilla de Meath Schwägel or Schwegelin was an alleged German (Bavarian) witch, who was long considered the last person to be executed for witchcraft in Germany. It is now believed she died forgotten in prison.[102]
Anna Manzolini 1714 Italy Caroline Herschel Anatomist and anatomical wax modeler. She was elected professor of anatomy at the University of Bologna in 1755.[103]
Anna Pavlova 1881 Russia Georgia O'Keeffe Russian ballerina whose delicacy and grace mesmerized audiences and inspired a generation of dancers and choreographers.[104]
Anna Schabanoff 1848 Russia Elizabeth Blackwell A pioneering Russian woman pediatrician and women's rights activist.[105]
Anna Sophia 1532 Denmark Elizabeth R. Danish princess who became the became the electress of Saxony. She was a pioneer in horticulture and agrarian reform.[106]
Annabella Drummond 1350 Scotland Isabella d'Este Queen Consort of Scotland as the wife of Robert III of Scotland. As the Kings health declined she acted strongly to secure the succession of their son David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay.

[107]

Anne Askew 15201520/1521 England Anna van Schurman English poet who was condemned as a heretic. She was one of the earliest female poets to compose in the English language and the first Englishwoman to demand a divorce.[108]
Anne Bacon c1528 England Elizabeth R. A lady and scholar. She made a lasting contribution to English religious literature with her translation from Latin of John Jewel's Apologie of the Anglican Church (1564). She was the mother of Francis Bacon.[109]
Anne Baynard 1672/73 England Anna van Schurman A British natural philosopher who was held up as model of piety. She made a particular appeal to her own sex to make an effort to educate themselves.[110]
Anne Bonney 1702 Ireland Natalie Barney An Irish woman who became a infamous pirate, operating in the Caribbean. Her numerous love affairs, adventurous life, and sword fighting skills have inspired several film portrayals.[111]
Anne Bradstreet c 1616 British North America Anne Hutchinson The first poet and first female writer in the British North American colonies to be published. Her first volume of poetry was The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America, (1650). It was met with a positive reception in both the Old World and the New World.[112]
Anne Clough 1820 England Emily Dickinson A pioneer in women's education, who was determined to create public educational opportunities for young women. She opened her first school in the family home in 1841. She later became the principal of Newnham College, Cambridge which opened in 1875 and was one of the first university colleges for women.[113]
Anne Dacier c 1651 France Anna van Schurman The foremost classical scholar of her day. Her annotated prose editions of the Iliad and the Odyssey made her famous throughout Europe.[114]
Anne Ella Carroll 1815 United States Sojourner Truth American politician, pamphleteer and lobbyist who served as an advisor to Abraham Lincoln.[115]
Anne Halkett 1623 England Caroline Herschel Known for her candid autobiographical writings and religious meditations. Lady Halkett's Memoirs, begun in 1677–78, focuses on her pursuit of love.[116]
Anne of Beaujeu 1461 Belgium Isabella d'Este Shared the regency of France from 1483 to 1491 during the minority of her brother, Charles VIII. She was one of the most powerful women of the late fifteenth century and was referred to as "Madame la Grande".[117]
Anna 1204 Bohemia Hildegarde of Bingen Anne of Bohemia was married to Henry II, duke of Silesia, in 1216. She was widowed in 1241 and served as regent of Silesia on behalf of her sons. She was responsible for the founding of several religious institutions, including a nunnery of Poor Clares at Breslau.[118]
Anne of Brittany 1477 France Isabella d'Este Duchess of the semi independent Brittany Anne was forced into two marriages with French kings. As twice queen of France she introduced learning and erudition to the court. She sponsored the writing, translation, and publication of literary works about women, especially the first French edition of Christine de Pisan's Book of the City of Ladies.

[119]

Anne Redfearne Unknown , late 15 century England Petronilla de Meath Hanged as a witch in 1612 as one of the eleven Witches of Pendle in the most famous witch trial in English history. She consistently refused to admit her guilt to the end, and gave no evidence against any of the other accused.

[120]

Annie Jump Cannon 1863 United States Caroline Herschel A pioneering woman astronomer she cataloged over 350,000 stars and discovered 300 variable stars, five novae, and one binary star in her lifetime. She was also dedicated to the cause of women's suffrage. In 1929, the National League of Women Voters listed her as one of the twelve greatest living American women.

[121]

Annie Kenney 1879 England Susan B. Anthony Militant working class suffragette who held leading positions in the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) which campaigned for women's suffrage.

[122]

Annie Smith Peck 1850 United States Susan B. Anthony A professor of Latin at Smith College in Massachusetts , she enthusiastically took up mountain climbing in 1894 and became a celebrity for her feats. At the age of sixty-one, she claimed Mount Coropuna in Peru and placed a pennant on the summit that read "Votes for Women."

[123]

Annie Wood Besant 1847 England Susan B. Anthony A prominent British socialist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule. She later became a leading member of the mystical Theosophical Society and moved to India.[124]
Antigone Legendary Greece Sophia A tragic character from Greek myth, she was the daughter of Oedipus. She defied King Creon who sentenced her to die by being sealed in a cave.[125]
Antiope -1300Legendary Greece Amazon An Amazon warrior queen. She was the sister of the Amazon queen Hippolyte and the daughter of Ares, god of war.

[126]

Antonia Brico 1902 Netherlands Ethel Smyth The first woman to gain international recognition as a conductor of professional symphony orchestras.

[127]

Antonia Padoani Bembo circa 1640 Venice Ethel Smyth Composer and singer, she composed numerous serenatas, arias, religious and secular cantatas, and the opera Ercole amante (1707).

[128]

Amyte (sic) circa 225 Greece Sappho An Arcadian poet, correctly spelled as Anyte, admired by her contemporaries and later generations for her charming epigrams and epitaphs.

[129]

Aphra Behn 1640 English Anna van Schurman One of the first English professional female literary writers, producing over 19 plays, plus poetry, translation and novels.

[130]

Aphrodite Mythical Greece Ishtar Goddess of love and beauty .

[131]

Arachne Legendary Greece Sophia Inventor of woven cloth and net making.

[132]

Aretaphila of Cyrene c. 50 BCE Cyrene - ancient Greek colony in North Africa Cyrenean noble woman who is said to have deposed tyrant Nicocrates
Arete of Cyrene c. 5th, 4th century BCE Cyrene - ancient Greek colony in North Africa Cyrenaic/ancient Greek philosopher, said to have written many books and taught natural and moral philosophy at academies of Attica.
Ariadne Mythical Crete Helped Theseus overthrow Minos and married him.
Arianrhod Mythical Wales Death goddess
Arinitti Mythical Anatolia Main deity, queen of Hatti, Heaven and earth. Also known as Arinna.
Aristoclea c. 6th Century BCE Greece Priestess at Delphi; philosopher; taught Pythagoras his moral doctrines.[133]
Arsinoe II c. 316 BCE Greece Queen of Thrace, Macedonia, and later co-ruler of Egypt with brother. Shared all brother's titles, won chariot races in the Olympics,[134] had her image printed on coins, and even founded her own cult.
Artemis Mythical Greece Snake Goddess agricultural deity, moon goddess, watcher of forests ... many meanings in many cultures
Artemisia I c. 480 BCE Greece Queen of Halicarnassus, fought for Xerxes I (commanding naval ships) against the Greeks during the Second Persian Invasion of Greece.
Artemisia II
Asherah Mythical Canaan Ishtar Goddess of sexuality and procreation
Ashtoreth Mythical Hebrew Ishtar Goddess of fertility and reproduction
Aspasia of Athens c. 470 BCE Greece Hosted intellectual gatherings in Athens, attracting some of the most influential writers and thinkers of the era. Her teachings may have influenced Socrates.
Astarte Mythical Phoenicia Ishtar fertility goddess
Atalanta Legendary Greece Sophia hunter, warrior, sportswoman
Athaliah c. 9th century BCE Jerusalem Judith Daughter of Jezebel, Queen regent who seized control of the throne of Judah and fought to establish worship of her god, Baal, instead of Yahweh. [2]
Athanarsa circa 790 Byzantine Empire Hrosvitha A saint known for her miraculous healing of the sick and those seen as possessed. She was for a while adviser to the Empress Theodora II. [3]
Athene Mythical Greece Snake Goddess Virgin goddess, warrior and patron of culture, deity of artists and architects, weavers, protector of Athens
Atira Mythical North America Primordial Goddess Goddess of the Earth in Pawnee mythology
Augusta Fickert 1855 Austria (Auguste Fickert) Austrian feminist and social reformer
Augusta Savage 1892 United States Georgia O'Keeffe Influential African-American Sculptor associated with Harlem Renaissance;
Augusta Schmidt 1833 Germany Susan B. Anthony Pioneering German feminist, educator, journalist and women's rights activist.
Augustina Saragossa 1786 Spain Margaret Sanger Also known as Agustina de Aragón, she was the 'Spanish Joan of Arc'. Fought as an officer in the Peninsular War / Spanish War of Independence.
Awashonks 17th century United States Sachem (chief) of the Sakonnet tribe in Rhode Island. Historical figure connected to colonial history of the U.S.
Axiothea c. 350 BCE Greece Student of Plato and Speusippus, who studied at the academy dressed as a man.[135]
Baba Petkova 1826 Bulgaria Emily Dickinson Pioneer of women's education. Founded the first girls' schools in Bulgaria.
Babe Didrikson June 26, 1911 United States Elizabeth Blackwell Excelled at multiple sports in the early-to-mid twentieth century. Olympic gold medalist; in the top ten of multiple "Greatest Athlete" lists.
Baptista Malatesta c. 1384 Italy Renaissance poet.
Baranamtarra -2500c. 2500 BCE Sumer Co-ruled w/husband city of Lagash, early philanthropist
Barbara Bodichon 1827 United Kingdom Mostly known for her activism for women's rights.
Barbara Hepworth 1903 United Kingdom Modernist artist and sculptor from England.
Barbara Strozzi 1619 Italy Isabella d'Este Baroque composer and singer
Barbara Uttman c1514 Germany Anna van Schurman Established the lacemaking industry in her city around 1560.[136]
Barbe de Verrue 13th Century France French Trouvère and singer
Baroness de Beausoleil c1600 France Pioneering French Woman Mining Engineer and Mineralogist who travelled extensively in Europe in search of mineral deposits.
Basilea Mythical Ancient Greece Boadaceia The first queen of the legendary Kingdom of Atlantis in ancient Greek folk tradition.
Basine c438 Thuringia Queen of Thuringia in the middle of the fifth century.
Bathilde c626 Anglo-Saxon of Elite Birth, Wife and Queen of Clovis II
Bathsua Makin c1600 England Proto-Feminist, middle-class Englishwoman who contributed to the emerging criticism of woman's position in the domestic and public spheres
Baudonivia 7th century France French nun and scholar. Created memoir of saint and convent founder Radegund.
Beatrice de Die c1175 French Trobairitz
Beatrice Webb
Beatrix Galindo 15th Century Spain Writer, humanist and a teacher of Queen Isabella of Castile and her children.
Begga
Bel-Shalti-Narrar -540c. 540 BCE Babylonia high priestess, together with father responsible for first museum collection.
Belva Lockwood 1830 United States Activist for women's rights, including suffrage, property rights, and education. One of the first female lawyers in the United States, and the first to serve on the Supreme Court. She was also the first woman to appear on a ballot for US president.
Berenguela
Berengaria
Bernarda de la Cerda
Bertha Lutz
Bertha of England
Bertha of Sulzbach
Bertha von Suttner
Bertha of France 800 CE France Hrosvitha Daughter of Charlemagne, who forbid his daughters to marry. She focused on scholarly pursuits, but was banished to a convent when her illegitimate children by an official in her father's court were discovered. .[137]
Berthe Morisot
Berthildis
Bertille
Bertha
Elizabeth Talbot
Bessie Smith 1894 United States American blues singer, nicknamed the "Empress of the Blues" [138]
Betsy Kjelsberg
Bettina von Arnim
Bettisia Gozzadini
Blanche of Castile
Blandina
Blodeuwedd Mythical Wales Goddess of the white flower
Bona-Dea Mythical Rome "Good Goddess", procreation, agriculture
Bourgot
Bridget Bevan 1698 Wales Welsh philanthropist and public benefactor.
Birgitta
Bridget Tott 1610 Denmark Produced the first translations of Roman Classical literature into Danish.
Brigh Brigaid 50 CE Ireland Celtic brehon (judge). Some of her work was cited as legal precedences for centuries.
Brigid Mythical Celtic Ireland Fertility goddess
Britomartis Mythical Crete Moon goddess, huntress, ruler of women's societies
Brunhilde 543 Spain, France Visigoth Queen Regent known for both political acumen and ruthlessness.
Beruiah 1012nd century Palestine Judith Mentioned in the Talmud as a sage with extensive knowledge of Jewish rabbinical law. Typically spelled Bruriah.
Brynhild
Buto Mythical Egypt Snake Goddess Also called Wadjet. The patron and protector of Lower Egypt.
Caelia Macrina
Cambra
Camilla Legendary Rome hunter, warrior, Diana avenged her death
Candelaria Figueredo
Capillana 16th century Peru Peruvian ruler who befriended Spanish conquistadors.
Lady Carcas Legendary France Legendary Saracen Princess who headed the army of Carcas and saved the city by tricking Charlemagne's forces into believing Carcas was unseizable.
Cardea Mythical Rome Goddess of changing seasons
Carlota Matienzo 1881 Puerto Rico Puerto Rican feminist and educator. Worked for educational reform and one of the founders of two women's rights organizations.
Carlotta Ferrari
Carmenta
Caroline Norton
Caroline Schlegel
Carrie Chapman Catt
Carrie Nation
Cartismandua
Cassandra Fidelis
Cassandra Legendary Greece Apollo fell in love with her, among other tales
Caterina Cornaro
Caterina Sforzia
Caterina van Hemessen 1528 Antwerp, Southern Netherlands Renaissance painter She was a member of the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke
Catharine Fisher
Catherine Beecher
Catherine de Rambouillet
Catherine Deshayes
Catherine Greene
Catherine
Catherine of Aragon
Catherine Adorni
Catherine of Siena
Catherine Pavlovna 1788 Russia / Germany Elizabeth R. Daughter of Paul I, emperor of Russia her second marriage to Wilhelm, crown prince of Württemberg allowed her to create the earliest welfare state in Europe.[4]
Catherine II (The Great) 1729 Russia Elizabeth R. The most renowned and the longest-ruling female leader of Russia. A example of an enlightened despot, she was a correspondent of Voltaire and an amateur opera librettist. Catherine presided over the age of the Russian Enlightenment.[5]
Celia Fiennes 1662 England Mary Wollstonecraft Diarist and travel writer . [6]
Cerridwen Mythical Wales Ishtar Barley and moon goddess who symbolised the continuous cycle of life and death.[7]
Charitas Pirckheimer 1466 Germany Anna van Schurman A learned woman who maintained a correspondence with many of the great scholars of her day.[8]
Charlotte Brontë 1816 England Emily Dickinson Author of the novel Jane Eyre which mirrors Brontë's own struggle for integrity and self-sufficiency. [9]
Charlotte Corday 1768 France Mary Wollstonecraft The assassin of French Revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat. At her trial, Corday revealed her idealistic ambition, allegedly proclaiming, "I killed one man to save 100,000." [10]
Charlotte Guest
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Chicomecoatl Mythical Mesoamerica maize goddess
Chiomara
Christabel Pankhurst
Christina of Sweden 1626 Sweden Queen regent of Sweden for a brief period, but abdicated and went to Italy where she became involved in music and theater. Scandalized the Swedish court with her androgynous appearance and penchant for cross dressing, though the truth of her sexuality and gender identity is not truly known.[139]
Christina Rossetti 1830 United Kingdom English poet famous for her long poem Goblin Market.
Circe Legendary Greece Odyssey, turned men into swine, lived alone on her island
Clara Barton
Clara Hatzerlin 1430 Germany Professional scribe in 15th century Augsburg.
Clara Schumann
Clara Zetkin
Clare of Assisi
Claricia
Claudine de Tencin
Clémence Royer
Cleobuline
Cleopatra
Clodia
Clotilda
Clytemnestra Legendary Greece Sister of Helen of Troy, murdered second husband, who forced her to marry him and had her daughter sacrificed.
Coatlicue Mythical Mesoamerica Aztec earth goddess
Cobhlair Mor
Colette
Constance Lytton
Constantia
Corinna of Tanagra
Cornelia Scipio
Cornelia Gracchi
Cresilla
Cristina Trivulzio
Sibyl of Cumae c. 500 BCE Rome Prophet
Cunegund
Cybele Mythical Phrygia Mountain mother, personification of earth
Cynane
Cynisca c. 440 BCE Greece Greek princess of Sparta who became the first woman in history to win at the ancient Olympic Games.
Damelis
Damo
Danu (Irish goddess) Mythical Celtic Ireland Goddess of plenty
Daphne Legendary Greece Nymph, hunter
Deborah Sampson
Deborah
Demeter Mythical Greece Goddess of agriculture
Dervorguilla
Dhuoda
Dido c. 850 BCE North Africa Phoenician princess, founded Carthage
Diemud
Diotima
Djuna Barnes
Dolores Ibárruri
Dorcas
Doris Lessing
Dorotea Bucca
Dorothea Dix
Dorothea Lange
Dorothea Leporin-Erxleben
Dorothea von Rodde
Dorothy Arzner
Dorothy Richardson
Dorothy Wordsworth
Douceline de Digne
Anna Amalia
Eachtach
Eadburga
Eanswith
Edith Cavell
Edith Evans
Edith c. 1025 England English Queen who was also a highly educated, multilingual royal advisor. Was crowned, unlike most queens of her era.
Edith Sitwell
Edith Wharton
Edmonia Lewis
Edna St. Vincent Millay 1892 United States Pulitzer prize-winning lyrical poet and playwright; feminist activist; bisexual icon
Egee Legendary, 12th century BCE Libya Amazonian leader of women's army
Ehyophsta
Eileen Gray
Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleonora Duse
Elfrida Andree
Elin Kallio
Elisabeth de La Guerre
Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun
Elisabetta Gonzaga 1471 Italy Influential noblewoman of the Italian Renaissance.
Elisabetta Sirani
Eliška Krásnohorská
Eliza Lucas Pinckney
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Elizabeth Bekker
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Elizabeth Carter
Elizabeth Cellier
Elizabeth Cheron 1648 France 17th century poet, musician, artist, and academic.
Elizabeth Danviers
Elizabeth Druzbacka
Elizabeth Farren
Elizabeth Fry
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson
Elizabeth Gurley Flynn
Elizabeth Hamilton
Elizabeth Hoby
Jane Weston
Elizabeth Lucar
Elizabeth Montagu 1718 England British Social reformer and founder of Bluestockings group.
Elizabeth Ney
Elizabeth
Elizabeth of Schönau
Elizabeth Petrovna
Elizabeth Southern
Elizabeth Stagel
Elizabeth Vesey 1715 Ireland Wealthy intellectual connected to the Bluestockings group - a women's social and educational circle.
Ellen Richards
Elpinice
Emilia Pardo-Bazán
Emilie du Chatelet
Emilie Snethlage
Emily Blackwell
Emily Brontë
Emily Carr
Emily Faithfull
Emma Goldman
Emma Paterson
Emma Willard
Emmeline Pankhurst
Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence
Emmy Noether
Matilda
Enheduanna c. 2050 BCE Sumer Sumerian priestess of Inanna. Earliest recorded author. Wrote poetry and hymns.
Ende
Engleberga
Epicharis
Ereshkigal Mythical Sumer Goddess of death
Erinna
Esther
Etheldreda
Ethylwyn
Eugenia
Europa Mythical Crete Carried off to Crete by Zeus, married King of Crete, Minos.
Euryleon
Eurynome Mythical Greece Goddess of all things
Eurypyle Mythical Near East Amazon leader of women's expedition against Babylon
Eustochium
Eve
Failge
Fanny Burney
Fanny Mendelssohn
Faustina Bordoni
Fede Galizia
Federica Montseny
Fibors
Finola O'Donnel
Flavia Julia Helena
Florence Nightingale
Fortuna Mythical Rome Goddess of turning wheel, divination, fertility
Frances Brooke
Frances Harper
Frances Perkins
Frances Power Cobbe
Frances Willard
Frances Wright
Francesca Caccini
Francesca of Salerno
Francisca de Lebrija
Françoise de Maintenon
Frau Ava
Frau Cramer
Fredegund
Frederika Bremer
Freya Mythical Norway Goddess of love, marriage, fertility
Frida Kahlo
Frija Mythical Germany Goddess of marriage, love and home
Gabriela Mistral
Gabriele Münter
Gabrielle Petit
Gaia (mythology) Mythical Greece Earth mother
Galla Placidia
Gaspara Stampa
Gebjon Mythical Sweden Fertility goddess
Geillis Duncan
Genevieve d'Arconville
Genevieve
George Eliot 22 November 1819 England Author, translator, journalist. Wrote Middlemarch, Silas Marner, Daniel Deronda, Adam Bede, among other works.
George Sand
Georgiana Cavendish
Germaine de Staël
Gertrude Käsebier
Gertrude of Hackeborn
Gertrude of Nivelles
Gertrude Stein 1874 United States, France Celebrated modernist writer, poet, and playwright. Patron of the arts. Famous works include "The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas", which was actually her own autobiography with the name of her wife/partner, Alice. Stein is also famous for her salons, which were frequented by the likes of Picasso and Hemingway.
Gertrude Svensen
Gertrude the Great
Gisela of Kerzenbroeck
Gisela
Giustina Renier Michiel
Glueckel von Hameln
Golda Meir 1898 Kiev, Russian Empire, Present-day Ukraine; Israel Fourth Prime Minister of Israel, one of 24 signatories (including two women) of the Israeli Declaration of Independence.
Goody Glover
Gormlaith
Grace O'Malley
Gracia Mendesa
Guda
Guillemine
Gunda Beeg
Hannah Adams
Hannah Arendt
Hannah Crocker
Hannah Höch
Hannah More
Hannah Senesh
Hannah Woolley
Hannahanna Mythical Hittite Empire "grandmother" major deity
Harlind d.750 Belgium Saint and Benedictine abbess, created illuminated manuscript of the Christian Gospels with her sister Relindis of Maaseik
Reinhild d.750 Belgium Saint and Benedictine abbess, created illuminated manuscript of the Christian Gospels with her sister Herlindis of Maaseik
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Hosmer
Harriet Martineau
Harriet Tubman
Hartense Lepaute 1723–1788 France Mathematician and astronomer. Full name is Nicole-Reine Lepaute, known as Hortense Lepaute.
Hashop c. 2420 BCE Egypt Hatshepsut Another name for "Hatshepsut", who was Egypt's first woman pharaoh.
Hasta Hansteen
Hathor Mythical Egypt mother of sun god
Hawisa
Hecate Mythical Greece goddess of the moon and underworld
Hecuba Legendary Greece In Iliad, Queen of Troy
Hedwig Nordenflycht
Hedwig
Hel (being) Mythical Norway goddess of underworld
Helen Cornaro
Helen Diner
Helen Keller
Helen of Troy Legendary Greece Husband's attempts to lure her back started Trojan War
Helena
Helena Blavatsky 1831 Russia Leading figure in the New Age movement, co-founded the Theosophical Society.
Helene Kottauer
Héloïse
Henrietta Johnston
Henrietta Szold 1860 United States Jewish Zionist leader and founder of Hadassah,
Hera Mythical Greece chief feminine deity, married to Zeus
Hermine Veres 1815–1895 Hungary Educator and feminist, founded the first secondary school for girls in Hungary
Herrad of Landsberg
Hersend
Hersilia c. 800 BCE Rome Hero of the Rape of the Sabine Women
Hester Stanhope
Hestiaea Alexandrea Troas near modern Turkey Greek grammarian and Homeric scholar, influenced Strabo's Homeric scholarship
Hiera Mythical Asia Minor General of army of Mysian women who fought in Trojan War
Hilda of Whitby
Hipparchia
Hippo
Hippolyte 13th century BCE Scythia Co-ruler with sisters of Amazon capital of Themiscyra
Honorata Rodiana
Hortensia
Hortensia von Moos 1659 Switzerland Anna van Schurman Swiss scholar who had extensive knowledge of many subjects, including theology and medicine. Known for her writings on the status of women and is regarded as a precursor by the Swiss women's movement.[140]
Huldah
Hygeburg
Ida B. Wells
Ida Kaminska
Ida Pfeiffer
Ilmatar Mythical Finland Virgin daughter of air
Iltani c. 1685 BCE Babylonia wealthy priestess
Ima Shalom
Imogen Cunningham
Inanna Mythical Sumer Queen of heaven
Inessa Armand
Ingrida
Irène Joliot-Curie
Irene
Irkalla Mythical Babylonia Babylonian goddess of the Underworld
Isabel de Guevara
Isabel of France
Isabel Pinochet
Isabela Czartoryska
Isabella Andreini
Isabella Bird Bishop
Isabella Cortese
Isabella de Forz
Isabella de Joya Roseres
Isabella Losa
Isabella I of Castile
Isabella of Lorraine
Isadora Duncan
Isak Dinesen
Isis Mythical Egypt Mother of Heaven/Queen of all Gods
Isotta Nogarola
Jacobe Felicie
Jadwiga
Jane Addams
Jane Anger
Jane Austen
Jane Harrison
Jane of Sutherland
Jane Weir
Jeanne Campan
Jeanne d'Albret
Jeanne de Montfort
Jeanne de Pompadour
Jeanne Dumée
Jeanne Louise Farrenc
Jeanne Mance
Jeanne Manon Roland
Jeanne Marie Guyon
Jeanne Recamier
Jeannette Rankin
Jenny Lind
Jezebel
Jeanne of Navarre
Joan of Arc
Joanna Baillie
Joanna Koerton
Joanna
Josefa Amar
Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez
Josephine Baker 1906 United States, France Bisexual American/French actress and performer. First African-American woman to star in a major motion picture. Contributed to the Civil Rights movement in the US and refused to perform before segregated audiences. Also helped the French resistance in WW2, receiving the medal Croix de Guerre and was made a Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur for her service.
Josephine Kablick
Jovita Idar
Judith Leyster 1609 Haarlem, Northern Netherlands Dutch Golden Age painter She was a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke
Judith Murray
Julia Domma
Julia Maesa
Julia Mamaea
Julia Margaret Cameron
Julia Morgan
Juliana Bernes
Juliana of Norwich
Julie de Lespinasse
Juno Mythical Rome Moon goddess
Justina Dietrich
Jutta
Kaahumanu 1768 Hawaii Queen Regent of Hawaii, champion of Hawaiian women's rights, powerful political figure.
Kallirhoe Parren
Karen Horney 1885 Germany Psychoanalyst who questioned Freudian theories, credited with founding feminist psychology in response to Freud's theory of penis envy.
Karoline Pichler 1793 Austria Novelist most famous for historical romance.
Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead
Katharine Hepburn
Käthe Kollwitz
Kathe Schirmacher
Katherine Bethlen 1700 Hungary One of the earliest writers of memoirs in Hungary.
Katherine Sheppard
Katti Moeler
Kenau Hasselaer
Khuwyt c. 1950 BCE Egypt One of first female musicians recorded in history
Kora Flourished circa 650 B.C.E. Sicyon, ancient Greece Credited , along with her father, with the invention of modeling in relief in the seventh century B.C.E.
Kubaba c. 2573 BCE Sumer former innkeeper and beer seller, came to throne, founded 3rd dynasty, queen
La Malinche
Eleanor Butler
Sarah Ponsonby
Lady Beatrix
Lady Godiva
Margaret Beaufort
Lady Uallach
Lalla
Lamia
Lampedo Legendary, 13th century BCE Greece Amazon queen mentioned in Roman historiography, co-ruled with sister Marpesia. The two were said to be the daughters of Mars.
Las Huelgas
Laura Bassi
Laura Battiferri Ammanati
Laura Cereta
Laura Torres
Lavinia Fontana 1552 Italy Italian painter. Considered first female 'artist' outside a court or convent.
Laya
Leah
Leonor d'Almeida
Leela of Granada
Leonora Baroni
Leontium
Leoparda late 4th–early 5th century, Rome Physician
Levina Teerling
Liadain
Libana
Lili Boulanger
Lilith
Lilliard
Lioba
Livia Drusilla
Loretta
Lorraine Hansberry
Lou Andreas-Salomé
Louise Labé
Louise Le Gras
Louise Michel
Louise Nevelson
Louyse Bourgeois
Lucretia Marinelli
Lucretia Mott
Lucretia c. 600 BCE Etruria Killed herself after being raped due to fear of being accused as an adulteress
Lucrezia Borgia
Lucrezia Tornabuoni
Lucy Stone
Luisa de Carvajal
Luisa Moreno
Luisa Roldan
Luise Gottsched
Luise Otto-Peter
Luiza Todi
Lydia
Lysistrata Legendary Greece Heroine of the play
Maacah
Mabel
Macha of the Red Tresses
Macha Mythical Celtic Ireland Fertility goddess
Macrina
Maddalena Buonsignori
Madderakka Mythical Lapland Goddess of childbirth
Madeleine de Demandolx
Madeleine de Sable
Madeleine de Scudéry
Magda Portal
Mahaut of Artois
Makeda b. 1020 BCE North Africa Queen of Sheba
Mama Oclo c. 12th century Peru Co-founder of Inca Dynasty
Manto
Margaret Brent
Margaret Cavendish
Margaret of Lincoln
Margaret Fell Fox
Margaret Fuller
Margaret Jones
Margaret Mead
Margaret Murray Washington
Margaret Murray 1863 United Kingdom Important English Egyptologist, archaeologist, anthropologist, and folklorist. First female to be appointed as a lecturer in archaeology in the United Kingdom.
Margaret O'Connor
Margaret of Austria
Marguerite of Bourgogne
Margaret of Desmond
Margaret of Porète
Margaret of Scandinavia
Margaret Paston
Margaret Philipse
Margaret Roper
Margareta Karthauserin
Margarete Forchhammer
Margarethe Dessoff
Margery Jourdemain
Margery Kempe
Marguerita-Louise Couperin
Margaret of Navarre
Marguerite Gerard
Marguerite-Antoinette Couperin
Maria Agnesi
Maria Alphaizuli
Maria Antonia Walpurgis
Maria Bartola
Maria Christine de Lalaing
Maria Cunitz
Maria de Abarca
Maria de Agreda
Maria de Coste Blanche
María del Refugio García
Maria de Ventadorn
Maria de Zozoya
Maria Edgeworth
Maria Kirch
Maria Luisa Sanchez 1910 Chile More commonly known as María Luisa Bombal, she was an internationally acclaimed[141] Chilean author.
Maria Mitchell
Maria Montessori
Maria Montoya Martinez
Maria Salvatori
Maria Sibylla Merian
Maria Stewart
Maria Theresa
Maria Theresia von Paradis
Marian Anderson
Marianna Alcoforado
Marianne Beth
Marie Bashkirtsev
Marie Bovin
Marie Champmeslé
Marie Colinet
Marie Curie
Marie de France
Marie de l'Incarnation
Marie de Lafayette
Marie de Miramion
Marie de Sévigné
Marie de' Medici
Marie du Deffand
Marie Dugès
Marie Durocher
Marie Geoffrin
Marie Heim-Vögtlin
Marie Iowa
Marie LaChapelle
Marie Laurencin
Marie Lavoisier
Maria Le Jars de Gournay
Marie of Champagne
Marie Popelin
Marie Sallé
Marie Stopes
Marie Tussaud
Marie Vernier
Martesia Mythical, c. 13th century, B.C.E Greece Amazon queen. co-ruled with sister Lampedo
Martha Baretskaya
Martha Graham
Martha Mears
Martha of Bethany
Martia Proba
Mary "Mother" Jones
Mary Alexander
Mary Müller
Mary Radcliffe
Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Mary Astell
Mary Baker Eddy
Mary Bonaventure
Mary Cassatt
Mary Church Terrell
Mary Dyer
Mary Walker
Mary Esther Harding
Mary Goddard
Mary Hays
Mary Lamb
Mary Lee
Mary Livermore
Mary Lou Williams
Mary Louise McLaughlin
Mary Lyon
Mary Magdalene 1st century Galilee Marcella A female disciple of Jesus who stood by him during his crucifixion after most of his male disciples had abandoned him; revered as a saint by the Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican and Lutheran churches. It is popularly believed that Mary Magdalene was a prostitute, and she is often depicted as the "penitent Magdalene,"

http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/eascfa/dinner_party/heritage_floor/mary_magdalene.php

Mary Manley
Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary Monckton
Mary Musgrove
Mary of Bethany
Mary of Hungary
Mary Read
Mary Shelley 1797 London Mary Wollstonecraft Author of Frankenstein and daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft.[142]
Mary Sidney
Mary Somerville
Mary Wortley Montagu
Maryann
Mata Hari
Mathilda of Germany
Mathilde of Tuscany
Matilda of Flanders
Mathilda
Maude 877–968 Germany Saint Matilda, Duchess Consort of Saxony and German Queen, founded several convents and a canonry
Maximilla 1012nd century Phrygia Saint Bridget One of the founders and prophets of Montanism, an early Christian movement
Maya Deren
Meave
Mechthild of Hackeborn
Mechthild of Magdeburg
Medb
Medusa c. 1290 BCE Greece Leader of Gorgons, Amazon
Megalostrata
Melisande
Mentuhetop c. 2300 BCE Egypt Hatshepsut Correct spelling - Mentuhotep. Queen of 11th Dynasty at Thebes. Practiced Medicine.
Mercy Otis Warren
Metrodora
Milla Granson
Millicent Garrett Fawcett
Minna Canth
Minna Cauer
Miranda Stuart
Miriam
Modesta Pozzo
Moero
Molly Pitcher
Morrigan Mythical Celtic Ireland great queen
Mother Hutton
Muirgel
Myrine Mythical Libya Amazon Led 30,000 Libyan women to battle against Gorgons, another Amazon tribe
Myrtis
Nadezhda Krupskaya
Nadia Boulanger
Nammu Mythical Sumer "Controller of Primeval Waters"
Nancy Ward
Nanno
Naomi
Naqi'a Flourished circa 680–627 B.C.E. Assyria (modern-day Iraq) Hatshepsut Naqi'a-Zakutu, Assyrian queen, royal advisor.
Natalia Goncharova
Nathalie Zand
Nefertiti c. 1300 BCE Egypt Egyptian Queen
Neith Mythical Egypt Wove the world on her loom, virgin goddess
Nell Gwyn
Nelly Sachs
Neobule
Nephthys Mythical Egypt goddess of death
Nerthus Mythical Britain/Germany Earth mother
Nicaula c. 980 BCE Ethiopia Scholar, queen
Nicobule
Aruru Mythical Babylonia Helped create humans out of clay
Ninhursaga Mythical Sumer Mother of the Land
Ninon de l'Enclos
Ninti Mythical Sumer healing deity, cured Enkin's rib, related to myth of Adam's rib
Nitocris 6th century BCE Assyria (mythical?) Queen of Babylon
Nofret c. 1900 BCE Egypt Queen, "ruler of all women", progressive leader of Egyptian women's rights
Nossis
Novella d'Andrea
Nut (goddess) Mythical Egypt Goddess of the sky
Octavia
Odilla
Ofelia Uribe de Acosta
Olga
Oliva Sabuco
Olive Schreiner
Olympe de Gouges
Olympia Morata
Olympia
Olympias
Omeciuatl Mythical Mesoamerica Creator of spirit of human life
Orithyia Legendary, c. 13th century B.C.E Scythia Amazon queen. Co-ruled with sisters Antiope and Hippolyte
Phamphile
Pandora Legendary Greece Pandora's box
Pasiphae Mythical Crete Moon goddess
Paula Modersohn-Becker
Penelope Barker
Penthelia Exact date uncertain, Memphis, ancient Egypt Sappho Egyptian priestess-musician who served the creator god Ptah, the god of fire, in the temple of Memphis Ancient Egypt. Some sources ascribe to her the true authorship of the Iliad and the Odyssey.[143]
Penthesilea d. 1187 BCE North Africa last Amazon queen
Perictyone
Pernette Du Guillet
Kore Mythical Greece Persephone, raped by Zeus, many stories
Phantasia 12th century BCE Egypt storyteller, musician, poet
Phile
Philippa of Hainault
Phillipe Auguste
Phillis Wheatley
Philotis
Phoebe
Pierrone
Plotina 1st century CE Hispania, Rome Roman Empress who used her influence to improve the quality of life for Roman society by creating fairer taxes, improving education, etc.
Pocahontas
Pope Joan
Porcia
Praxagora Legendary Greece Leader of group of cross dressing women in play by Aristophanes
Praxilla
Ebba
Wanda
Priscilla
Properzia de' Rossi
Prudence Crandall
Puduhepa c. 1280–1250 BCE Hittite Empire Queen, priestess
Pulcheria
Pythia Legendary Greece Consulted by psychics in temple named after her
Python (mythology) Mythical Greece Female serpent lived near temple of Delphi
Rachel Carson 1907 United States American marine biologist and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.
Rachel Katznelson 1885 Israel Prominent figure in Zionist movement. First Lady of Israel from 1963-1973, who was active in politics.
Rachel Ruysch 1664 The Hague, Northern Netherlands 17th-century and 18th-century flower painter She is recorded as earning well from her paintings and lived to a great age
Rachel Varnhagen 1771 Germany German writer who hosted one of the most prominent salons of the late 18th and early 19th century
Rachel
Radclyffe Hall 1880 United Kingdom English poet and author. Famous for the lesbian classic, "The Well of Loneliness", which caused a public uproar and subsequently subjected to an obscenity trial, after which it was banned for a while in the UK and the States.
Radegund
Rahonem Old Kingdom Egypt Queen, priestess, music leader
Rachel
Rebecca Lee 1831 United States First African-American woman to become a physician in the United States.
Rebecca West 1892 England Feminist author, literary critic, journalist, and travel writer. Involved in women's suffrage movement.
Rebekah
Renée Vivien 1877 England, France Symbolist poet known both for her work and her open lifestyle within the lesbian coterie of Paris, which included a long relationship with Natalie Barney.
Rhea (mythology) Mythical Crete earth mother
Rhea Silva Legendary Rome priestess, mother of Romulus and Remus
Rhiannon Mythical Wales Great queen, magician, deity.
Romaine Brooks 1874 United States, France American painter who lived in Europe, mostly in Paris. Famous mostly for her portraits of cross-dressing and gender-defying women, and for influencing Aubrey Beardsley's illustrations. A popular and prominent figure in the sapphic "sewing circles" of Paris. Partner of the infamous salon hostess Natalie Barney, and briefly the partner of the Russian dancer and Belle Epoque muse Ida Rubenstein.
Rosa Bonheur
Rosa Luxemburg
Rosalba Carriera 1673 Italy Venetian Rococo portrait artist who was famous and sought-after throughout much of Europe, especially in France.
Rosalia of Palermo
Rosana Chouteau
Rose de Burford 14th century London, England 14th century merchant and business woman. The embroidered garments she sold adorned royalty and even the pope.
Rose Mooney 1740 Ireland Itinerant harpist.
Ruth
Ruth Benedict 1887 United States American anthropologist and folklorist. President of American Anthropological Association, first woman to be recognized as prominent leader of learned profession.
Saaredra Villanueva 1897 Bolivia Full name Etelvina Villanueva y Saavedra. Bolivian poet and educator who founded an important feminist group, Legión Femenina de Educación Popular de America
Sabina von Steinbach Early 13th Century...??? Alsace/Eastern France Legendary stonemason and daughter of Erwin von Steinbach, master builder at Notre Dame de Strasbourg. While it was not unthinkable for a woman to be a stonemason in the 13th century, scholars debate whether or not she actually existed.
Barbara
Fabiola Flourished 4th century C.E. Rome Marcella Was a Roman matron among the company of noble Roman women who, under the influence of the Church father St. Jerome, gave up all earthly pleasures and devoted themselves to the practice of Christian asceticism and to charitable work.[144]
Lucy 283, Sicily Saint Bridget A young Christian martyr who died during the Diocletianic Persecution.[145]
Marcellina circa 330/335 Rome Marcella She was the only sister of Saint Ambrose of Milan who received the veil of consecrated virginity to live a life of perpetual virginity and to devote herself to the practice of prayer and asceticism.[146]
Margaret 1242 Hungary Hildegarde of Bingen A royal princess who took solemn vows at the age of eighteen and thereafter lived in a convent a life of extreme austerity and penance that included ceaseless body mortification.[147]
Margaret 1045circa 1045 England/ Scotland Eleanor of Aquitaine Born in exile in Hungary, she was an Anglo-Saxon princess who fled to the Kingdom of Scotland following the Norman conquest of England of 1066. Around 1070 she married Malcolm III of Scotland and became Queen. She was considered an exemplar of the just ruler and had an important influence on Scottish culture introducing continental customs and fashion to the Scottish court and embarking on a reform program in the Scottish church.[148]
Paula 347 Rome Marcella Early Christian who was a noble Roman convert who followed St Jerome.[149]
WalpurgisWalpurgis 710circa 710 England Trotula Became a missionary and worked with her brothers, Wynnebald and Willibald, in Germany until she settled in a convent at Heidenheim. Walpurgis Night, a spring celebration held in parts of Germany, Finland, Sweden, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania, and the Czech Republic, celebtates her.[150]
Salomée Halpir 1718 Poland Elizabeth Blackwell A successful medical doctor who specialized as an oculist. The first female doctor from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Her memoirs, written in 1760, are a unique example of a travel memoir and women's literature.[151]
Salpe Flourished before the 3rd century B.C.E. Ancient Greece Aspasia A midwife, physician and medical writer who favored the use of bodily fluids as curatives. Described in texts by Pliny the Elder.[152]
Sarah Bernhardt 1844/45 France Georgia O'Keeffe Widely considered the most significant French actress of the nineteenth century. She developed a reputation as a serious dramatic actress, earning the nickname "The Divine Sarah."[153]
Sarah Grimké 1792 United States Sojourner Truth American abolitionist, writer, and suffragist. Authored the first women's rights tract in the U.S., Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women (1838).[154]
Sarah Jennings 1660 England Elizabeth R. She rose to be one of the most influential women of her time through her close friendship and counsel with Queen Anne of Great Britain.[155]
Sarah of St. Gilles Flourished circa 1326 France Trotula A medieval medical practitioner . Her practice and medical knowledge is known through a contract with her student. This document is the earliest and best known example of this type of teacher-student contract.[156]
Sarah Peale 1800 US Anne Hutchinson A successful portrait painter mainly of American politicians and military figures, and the occasional still life. Lafayettesat for her four times.[157]
Sarah Siddons 1755 Wales Artemisia Gentileschi An actress, the best-known tragedienne of the 18th century. She was most famous for her portrayal of the Shakespearean character, Lady Macbeth, a character she made her own.[158]
Sara Winnemucca 1844 Shoshonean tribe Sacajawea An advocate for Native Americans who founded the Peabody School for Native American children near Lovelock, Nevada, where children were taught in their own language but also learned English. The curriculum included the study of Native American history and culture.[159]
Sarah -1800Reputedly flourished circa 1800 B.C.E. Middle east Judith The wife of Abrahamand the mother of Isaacas described in the Hebrew Bible and the Quran.[160]
Scholastica 480c.480 Italy Saint Bridget She was the twin sister of the founder of the Benedictine Order, Saint Benedict. She was a nun and the leader of an early monastery for women, perhaps the first.[161]
Selina Hastings 1707 England Anne Hutchinson The aristocratic Countess of Huntingdon, she was a pivotal figure in England's evangelical revival of the eighteenth century. She converted to Methodism and then founded her own sect of Calvinistic Methodists financed by her wealth.[162]
Selma Lagerlöf 1858 Sweden Virginia Woolf In 1909 she became the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. She is most widely known for her children's book Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige (The Wonderful Adventures of Nils).[163]
Semiramis -8999th century BCE Assyria Hatshepsut Legendary Queen of King Ninus. One of only two women to lead Babylon she is credited with vast building works across the region.[164]
Shibtu -1700c. 1700 BCE Syria Ishtar Queen of Mari. Many tablets of correspondence between Shibtu and her husband, King Zimri-Lim survive and show that she often managed the affairs of the kingdom.[165]
Shub-Ad of Ur -2500c. 2500 BCE Sumer Ishtar Queen or priestess of 1st Dynasty of Ur. Her un-looted tomb was excavated between 1922 and 1934 and found to contain a rich collection of grave goods.[166]
Sigrid Undset 1882 Norway Virginia Woolf A novelist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928. Her texts often explore women's identity as a struggle between a true self and prescribed sexual and social roles.[167]
Simone de Beauvoir 1908 France Virginia Woolf A writer, intellectual, existentialist philosopher, political activist, feminist and social theorist . She wrote The Second Sex, a detailed analysis of women's oppression and a foundational tract of contemporary feminism.[168]
Simone Weil 1909 France Virginia Woolf A philosopher, educator, revolutionary, advocate for human rights , and mystic.[169]
Sobeya 950Flourished late 10th century Spain Eleanor of Aquitaine A sultana who ruled the Caliph of Córdoba in Islamic Spain as a regent for her son Hisham II al-Hakam.[170]
Sofia Kovalevskaya 1850 Russia Elizabeth Blackwell The first major Russian female mathematician, responsible for important original contributions to analysis, differential equations and mechanics, and the first woman appointed to a full professorship in Northern Europe.[171]
Sonia Delaunay 1885 France / Ukraine Georgia O'Keeffe A painter, print-maker, and textile designer. Co-founded the Orphismart movement, noted for its use of strong colours and geometric shapes.[172]
Sonja Henie 1912 Norway Elizabeth Blackwell Winner of ten consecutive world figure skating championships and three Olympic gold medals in 1928, 1932, and 1936. She had a further career as a Hollywood star.[173]
Sophia Haydn 1868 United States / Chile Georgia O'Keeffe The first woman accepted to the architecture program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a pioneer for women in the profession of architect.[174]
Sophia Heath 1896 Ireland Elizabeth Blackwell A pioneer Irish aviatrix and proponent of women's events in the Olympic Games.[175]
Sophia Perovskaya 1853 Russia Margaret Sanger A Russian revolutionary and a member of Narodnaya Volya. She helped to orchestrate the successful assassination of Alexander II of Russia for which she was executed.[176]
Baroness of Adlersparre 1823 Sweden Susan B. Anthony Women's rights activist, publisher, editor, writer, debater, and co-founder of Sweden's first wave of feminism.[177]
Sophie Blanchard 1778 France Elizabeth Blackwell The first female aeronaut and baloonist. Between 1805 and 1819 she conducted 59 balloon flights over Paris.[178]
Sophie de Condorcet 1764 France Natalie Barney Was a prominent salon hostess from 1789 until the Reign of Terror, and again from 1799 until her death in 1822. Her salons were frequented by British and French intelligentsia.[179]
Sophie Drinker 1888 United States Ethel Smyth An amateur musician and musicologist. She is considered a founder of women's musicological and gender studies.[180]
Sophie Germain 1776 France Caroline Herschel Mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. Despite opposition from her parents and difficulties presented by society, she gained education from books in her father's library and from correspondence with famous mathematicians.[181]
Sophia of Mecklenburg 1557 Germany Elizabeth R. A German noble and Queen of Denmark and Norway. Her interest in science manifested in her patronage of the astronomer Tycho Brahe.[182]
Sophie Taeuber-Arp 1889 Switzerland Georgia O'Keeffe Artist, painter, sculptor, and dancer, considered one of the most important artists of geometric abstraction of the 20th century.[183]
Sophonisba Angussola 1532c 1532 Italy Artemisia Gentileschi An Italian Renaissance painter whose skill was recognized by Michelangelo and who made a career as a court painter.[184]
Sor Juana de la Cruz 1648 Mexico Sacajawea A talented Mexican nun, self-taught scholar writer, and poet of the Baroqueschool who amassed a major library. When she was criticsed by the Church she published a defense of women's right to knowledge, the Respuesta a sor Filotea de la Cruz .[185]
Stephanie de Genlis 1746 France Natalie Barney A writer, harpist and educator whose work included the well-received novelAdèle et Théodore; ou, Lettres sur l'éducation of 1782.[186]
Stephanie de Montaneis 1210Flourished mid-13th century France Trotula A physician in Lyons at a time when it difficult for any women to enter the medical field. It is believed she was trained by her father Étienne de Montaneis.[187]
Sulpicia 50Flourished circa C.E. 90 Ancient Rome Hypatia There are two Roman poets named Sulpicia. The one on the heritage floor refers to Sulpicia II [188] A poet who's best known works are a group of poems describing in explicit detail her relationship with her husband, and a second poem, in the form of a dialogue between Sulpicia and Calliope, the muse of epic poetry, which protests the banishing of philosophers from Rome in C.E. 94.[189]
Susan la Flesche Piccotte 1865 United States Elizabeth Blackwell The first American Indian woman to become a physician in the United States. She was of mixed Omaha , Ponca, Iowa, French and Anglo-American descent, she grew up with her parents on the Omaha Reservation.[190]
Susanna Lorantffy 1602 Hungary Anna van Schurman Assisted her husband a Prince of Transylvania. in his successful struggle to introduce Protestant reforms in the Transylvanian church. Under her influence, John Amos Comenius, a prominent Calvinist teacher, took up residence in Sárospatak.[191]
Susanna Rowson 1762 British-American Emily Dickinson Author of the 1791 novel Charlotte Temple, the most popular best-seller in American literature up to 1852.[192]
Susanna Wesley 1669 England Anne Hutchinson Known as the Mother of Methodism because of her inlfuence on her two sons, John Wesley and Charles Wesley who founded it.[193]
Susanne Langer 1895 United States Virginia Woolf American philosopher of mind and of art . She was one of the first women to achieve an academic career in philosophy and the first to be popularly and professionally recognized as an American philosopher.[194]
Suzanne Necker 1737 Switzerland Mary Wollstonecraft A salonist and writer. She hosted one of the most celebrated salons of the Ancien Régime.[195]
Suzanne Valadon 1865 France Georgia O'Keeffe A French artist who became the first woman painter admitted to the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts.[196]
Sylvia Ashton-Warner 1908 New Zealand Margaret Sanger Writer, novelist, educator, theorist, painter, and memoirist.[197]
Sylvia 350Mid fourth century Aquitaine, France Saint Bridget Saint Sylvia of Aquitaine, an abbess, is known for her journal describing her travels to holy sites in the Near East between 385 and 388AD. It is considered to be one of the earliest travel books ever written.[198]
Sylvia Pankhurst 1882 England Susan B. Anthony A campaigner for the suffragist and working class movements in the United Kingdom.[199]
Tanaquil -570c. 570 BCE Etruria Hatshepsut Roman queen, prophet, artist and politician.[200]
Tanith -10000Mythical Carthage Ishtar Goddess of heaven and the moon. Also spelled Tanit.
Tarquinia Molza 1542 Italy Isabella d'Este A celebrated Italian singer, poet, and natural philosopher.[201]
Tefnut -10000Mythical Egypt Primordial Goddess Goddess of dew and rain . Tefnut is often depicted as a cat, a symbol of war, relating to a myth in which she fought with Shu and fled Egypt.[202]
Telesilla -550fl. 510 BCE Argos , Ancient Greece Aspasia A poet who led the women and slaves of Argos to defend the city against the Spartans who had killed all its men.[203]
Tellus Mater -10000Mythical Rome Fertile Goddess Roman goddess of fecundity. Her festival, held annually on April 15, was called the Fordicia and required the sacrifice of pregnant cows.[204]
Teresa de Cartagena 1425 Spain Christine de Pisan A nun who authored The Admiraçión operum Dey (Wonder at the Works of God) considered as the first feminist tract written by a Spanish woman.[205]
Teresa Villarreal 18831883 Mexico and Texas Sacajawea Revolutionary labor and feminist organizer, who supported the Partido Liberal Mexicano (PLM) during the Mexican Revolution of 1910–1917
Tetisheri -1650c. 1650 BCE Egypt Hatshepsut Mother of the New Kingdom
Thalestris -325c. 325 BCE Asia Minor Amazon Amazon queen
The Furies -10000Mythical Greece Kali The Roman goddesses of vengeance who killed Clytemnestra, among other tales
The Norns -10000Mythical Norway Kali The Norse goddesses of fate
Theano -550Flourished circa 550 B.C.E. Ancient Greece Aspasia The pupil, and daughter or wife of Pythagoras. She directed Pythagoras's school after his death and is credited with writing the treatise on the Golden Mean.[206]
Thecla 1012nd century CE Turkey Saint Bridget A saint of the early Christian Church, and a reported follower of Paul the Apostle.[207]
Theoclea -599flourished 6th century BCE Delphi in Ancient Greece Aspasia A Greek priestess, she was a tutor of the philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras.[208]
Theodelinda 570c. 570 Lombardy Theodora Queen of the Lombards she played a major role in establishing Nicene Christianity in Lombardy and Tuscany.[209]
Theodora III 980 Byzantine Empire Theodora A Byzantine Empress who was the last of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled the Byzantine Empire for almost two hundred years, she was co-empress with her sister Zoe and then sole empress.[210]
Theodora the Senatrix 870c 870 Rome Trotula Theodora was a powerful Roman senatrix (female senator) during a period labeled the Pornocracy, or Rule of the Harlots (circa 904–963), by some later Roman Catholic scholars.[211]
Theodora II 815c. 815 Byzantine empire Theodora Byzantine empress during the reign of Theophilus (ruled 829–842). She was canonized after her death for reversing the policy of Iconoclasm (prohibition on the worship of icons).[212]
Theresa of Avila 1515 Ávila, Spain Hildegarde of Bingen A mystic and a major figure in the Catholic Church, she is credited as a leader of the Counter Reformation and with reviving religious spirit in Spain .[213]
Theroigne de Mericourt 1762 France Mary Wollstonecraft A French woman who was a predominant figure in the French Revolution. An eloquent speaker, she delivered fiery orations in clubs, before the National Assembly, and in the streets.[214]
Thoma 1080d 1127 Spain Hrosvitha Legal scholar and author of books on grammar.[215][216]
Tiamat -10000Mythical Babylonia Primordial Goddess The Chaos goddess in Babylonian mythology, Tiamat is a chaos monster, a primordial goddess of the salt water ocean, who mated with Abzû, the god of fresh water, to produce the first generation of deities.[217]
Timarete -4995th century BCE Ancient Greece Sappho An ancient Greek painter, the daughter of the painter Micon the Younger of Athens. According to Pliny the Elder, she "scorned the duties of women and practised her father's art." She is best known for a panel painting of the goddess of Diana that was kept at Ephesus.[218]
Tituba 1650circa 1650 Massachusetts Petronilla de Meath Tituba was a 17th-century Carib Indian slave from Barbados or Guiana, belonging to Samuel Parris of Salem, Massachusetts. Tituba was one of the first three people accused of practicing witchcraft during the Salem witch trials which took place in 1692. Tituba confessed and implicated other women in the colony in order to save herself from execution. She was later sold by Parris and relocated outside of Salem.[219]
Tiy -1398c. 1398 BCE Egypt Hatshepsut Queen of Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III. Her mummy was identified as The Elder Lady found in the Tomb of Amenhotep II. Amenhotep III seems to have relied on Tiy's political advice, being more interested in sports and the outdoors than in his pharaonic duties.[220]
Tomyris -530circa 530 BCE Central Asia Boadaceia A queen who reigned over the Massagetae, an Iranian people of Central Asia east of the Caspian Sea. She defeated the Persian king Cyrus II in war.[221]
Tuchulcha -10000Mythical Etruria Kali A half human, half donkey, daemon of the Etruscan underworld. She had a vulture's beak, wings, and hair made of serpents.[222]
Tullia d'Aragona 1510 c. 1510 Renaissance Italy Isabella d'Este An upper-class courtesan, author and philosopher, she published a Neoplatonic essay on the nature of love in which she insists on women's autonomy in romantic relationships.[223]
Urraca 1151 Portugal Trotula A Portuguese infanta (princess), daughter of Afonso I, 1st King of Portugal and his wife Maud of Savoy. She married Ferdinand II of León. The marriage did not stop her father declaring war on her husband and this eventually led to the annulment of the marriage in 1175.[224]
Ursley Kempe 1525c. 1525 England Petronilla de Meath An English woman accused of causing the death of three people and hung for witchcraft.
ValadaValada 1001 Córdoba, Spain Hrosvitha A poet during Córdoba's golden age under Islamic rule, she hosted a vibrant literary salon. Her father's death when she was at the age of thirty gave her a rich legacy which allowed her to live independently and flout many of the conventions imposed on women of her time. She composed satirical, often caustic verse, much of it dedicated to her lover, the poet Ibn Zaydún.
The Valkyries -10000Mythical Germany Kali Minor female deities, dressed as warriors, who conducted the souls of the most heroic German warriors after their deaths, to join Odin's army.[225]
Vashti -480Biblical, flourished c 450 BCE Persia Judith Vashti is mentioned in the Old Testament Book of Esther as the wife of King Ahasuerus of Persia. The king boasted to other men that his wife was the most beautiful and he ordered her to appear naked before them. Vashti refused and was consequently banished from his household and possibly beheaded. The king took Esther as his wife in her place.
Veleda 50Flourished circa C.E. 50 North Germany Boadaceia A celebrated virgin prophet of the Bructeri, a tribe from northern Germany. In C.E. 69/70, she correctly prophesied the initial successes of the Batavian Rebellion against Roman rule.
Vera Figner 1852 Russia Margaret Sanger Russian revolutionary and narodnik born in Kazan. She was leader of Narodnaya Volya (the People's Will), a revolutionary socialist organization which aimed to depose the state regime through terrorism and was involved in the planning of several terrorist acts, including the assassination of Czar Alexander II in 1881.[226]
Vera Zasulich 1849 Russia Margaret Sanger Russian Marxist writer and revolutionary. In 1883, she helped found the Liberation of Labor, the first Russian Marxist group. Later, she served on the editorial board of Iskra, a revolutionary Marxist newspaper. After the Russian Social Democratic Party split in 1903, Zasulich became a leader of the Menshevik faction.[227]
Veronica Gambara 1485 Italy Isabella d'Este Italian poet, stateswoman and political leader. Married to the lord of Correggio, after his death in 1518 she took charge of the state as well as the education of her two children.[228]
Vesta -800Mythical Rome circa 753 B.C.E. – C.E. 476 Sophia The virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family in Roman religion.[229]
Victoria Woodhull 1838 United States Susan B. Anthony American leader of the woman's suffrage movement. She was a radical who advocated the eight-hour day, a progressive income tax, profit sharing, and social welfare programs. In 1872, she ran for president of the United States.[230]
Vida Goldstein 1869 Australia Susan B. Anthony A pioneering Australian feminist politician who campaigned for women's suffrage and social reform. She stood for parliament five times, was a vocal opponent of capitalism and the White Australia policy, and a staunch pacifist, campaigning for peace during World War I.[231]
Violante 1365c1365 France Eleanor of Aquitaine French noblewoman who married John I of Aragon and became queen of the medieval Iberian kingdom of Aragon. John's ill-health, meant she wielded considerable power on his behalf. She transformed the Aragonese court into a center of culture, especially cultivating Provençal troubadours.[232]
Virgin Mary 1Biblical, New Testament Galilee Eleanor of Aquitaine Identified in the New Testament and in the Quran as the mother of Jesus who conceived through divine intervention. Revered for centuries as the feminine aspect of the divine.
Virginia -465c465 BCE Rome Sophia Commonly known as Verginia, her honor killing by her father inspired political revolt in Rome which overthrew the decemviri ruling council and restored the republic.
Vita Sackville-West 1892 England Virginia Woolf Author, poet and gardener whose successful 50-year bisexual open marriage scandalised society.
Vittoria Colonna 1490 Italy Isabella d'Este Italian noblewoman and poet, considered the most influential woman of the Italian Renaissance and friend and muse to Michelangelo.
Wanda Landowska 1879 Polish, later naturalized French Ethyl Smyth Musical prodigy who's harpsichordist performances, teaching, recordings and writings played a large role in reviving the popularity of the harpsichord in the early 20th century.
Wetamoo 1635c. 1635 Wampanoag people, Rhode Island Sacajawea Native American noblewoman whose life was recorded in the children's historical novel The Royal Diaries'
Willa Cather 1873 United States Virginia Woolf American author who famous for her novels of frontier life on the Great Plains.
Witch of Endor 1001c 1000 BCE Kingdom of Israel Judith A woman seer who called up the ghost of the recently deceased prophet Samuel, at the demand of King Saul.
Xochitl 1001c. 11th century CE Mesoamerica Sacajawea Toltec Queen from 990 to 1040. She helped forge the Toltec state and legend says she died in battle.[233]
Yekaterina Breshkovskaya 1844 Russia Margaret Sanger Russian socialist revolutionary nicknamed The "Babushka" (Little Grandmother) of the Russian Revolution.[234]
Yekaterina Dashkova 1743 Russia Mary Wollstonecraft The closest female friend of Empress Catherine the Great and a major figure of the Russian Enlightenment. One of the best educated women of her time.[235]
Yolanda of Aragon (sic) 1384 France Isabella d'Este Chicago's description fits Yolande of Aragon, an important figure in French history who supported Joan of Arc's army financially.[236]
Yvette 11581158 Belgium Hildegarde of Bingen A religious figure and prophet in the town of Huy, Belgium
Zenobia 240240 Palmyrene Empire Boadaceia Queen of the breakaway Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria. She led a revolt against Rome expanding her empire, by conquering Egypt and expelling the Roman prefect. She ruled over Egypt until 274, when she was defeated and taken as a hostage to Rome by the Emperor Aurelian.[237]
Zipporah -1500c. 1500 BCE Hebrew Judith Zipporah or Tzipora is described in the Book of Exodus as the wife of Moses. She is described as dark skinned, possibly African. She came to Moses' aid by speedily circumcising their son at a critical juncture.[238]
Siva -10000Mythical Russia Primordial Goddess Slavic goddess of life, love, and fertility. Commonly spelled Živa.
Zoe 978c. 978 Constantinople Theodora Reigned as co-empress of the Byzantine Empire with her sister Theodora from April 19 to June 11, 1042
Zora Neale Hurston 1891 United States Sojourner Truth Harlem Renaissance writer

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Charles George Herbermann (1912). The Catholic encyclopedia;: an international work of reference on the constitution, doctrine, discipline, and history of the Catholic church;. Appleton. p. 398. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Abella of Salerno". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Abella of Salerno. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Abigail". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Abigail. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Chicago, 69.
  5. ^ "Abigail Adams". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Abigail Adams. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c Margaret Schaus (2006). Women and gender in medieval Europe: an encyclopedia. CRC Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-415-96944-4. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Adela of Blois". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Adela of Blois. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c "Adela Zambudia-Ribero". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Adela Zambudia-Ribero. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Chicago, 104.
  10. ^ "Adelaide". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Adelaide. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  11. ^ "Adelaide Labille-Guiard". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Adelaide Labille-Guiard. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  12. ^ Chicago, 157.
  13. ^ "Adelaide of Susa". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Adelaide of Susa. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  14. ^ a b Chicago, 121.
  15. ^ a b Chicago, 116.
  16. ^ Chicago, 210.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Marjorie Lightman; Benjamin Lightman (December 2007). A to Z of ancient Greek and Roman women. Infobase Publishing. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-8160-6710-7. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  18. ^ "Eudocia". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Eudocia. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  19. ^ Chicago, 106.
  20. ^ "Aemilia". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Aemilia. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  21. ^ a b Chicago, 86.
  22. ^ a b Chicago, 105.
  23. ^ Cathy Hartley (17 December 2003). A historical dictionary of British women. Psychology Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-1-85743-228-2. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  24. ^ Chicago, 111.
  25. ^ a b c Sarah Gallick (13 March 2007). The big book of women saints. HarperCollins. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-06-082512-6. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  26. ^ "Agatha". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Agatha. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  27. ^ a b c d Chicago, 78.
  28. ^ a b "Aglaonice". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Aglaonice. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  29. ^ Chicago, 129.
  30. ^ a b "Agnes D'Harcourt". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Agnes D'Harcourt. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  31. ^ a b Chicago, 109.
  32. ^ a b c "Agnes". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Agnes. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  33. ^ a b Guida Myrl Jackson-Laufer (1999). Women rulers throughout the ages: an illustrated guide. ABC-CLIO. pp. 11–12. ISBN 978-1-57607-091-8. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  34. ^ Chicago, 138.
  35. ^ "Agnes of Dunbar". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Agnes of Dunbar. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  36. ^ Chicago, 135.
  37. ^ "Agnes Sampson". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Agnes Sampson. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  38. ^ Chicago, 255–256.
  39. ^ "Agnes Smedley". Master spies. Spy Museum. 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  40. ^ "Agnes Sorel". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Agnes Sorel. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  41. ^ a b c Betsy Prioleau; Elizabeth Stevens Prioleau (26 October 2004). Seductress: Women Who Ravished the World and Their Lost Art of Love. Penguin. pp. 210–211. ISBN 978-0-14-303422-3. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  42. ^ a b Chicago, 146.
  43. ^ Terrie Waddell (2003). Cultural expressions of evil and wickedness: wrath, sex, crime. Rodopi. p. 86. ISBN 978-90-420-1015-4. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  44. ^ a b c Elizabeth H. Oakes (2007). Encyclopedia of world scientists. Infobase Publishing. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-8160-6158-7. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  45. ^ a b "Agrippina I". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Agrippina I. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  46. ^ Joyce E. Salisbury (2001). Women in the ancient world. ABC-CLIO. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-57607-092-5. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  47. ^ Chicago, 36.
  48. ^ Michael Jordan (August 2004). Dictionary of gods and goddesses. Infobase Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-8160-5923-2. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  49. ^ "Albertine Necker de Saussure". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Albertine Necker de Saussure. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  50. ^ Chicago, 226.
  51. ^ "Aleksandra Kollantay". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Aleksandra Kollantay. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  52. ^ Chicago, 238.
  53. ^ Chicago, 145.
  54. ^ a b c Chicago, 206.
  55. ^ "Aletta Jacobs". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Aletta Jacobs. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  56. ^ Chicago, 82.
  57. ^ "Alexandra of Jerusalem". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alexandra of Jerusalem. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  58. ^ Janet K. Boles; Diane Long Hoeveler (2004). Historical dictionary of feminism. Scarecrow Press. p. 328. ISBN 978-0-8108-4946-4. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  59. ^ "Alfonsina Storni". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alfonsina Storni. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  60. ^ Chicago, 256.
  61. ^ a b Chicago, 134.
  62. ^ "Alice Kyteler". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alice Kyteler. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  63. ^ a b c Chicago, 218.
  64. ^ "Madame A. Milliat". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Madame A. Milliat. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  65. ^ "Alice Paul". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alice Paul. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  66. ^ "Alice Pike Barney". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alice Pike Barney. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  67. ^ Chicago, 245.
  68. ^ "Alice Samuel". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alice Samuel. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  69. ^ "Alice Stone Blackwell". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alice Stone Blackwell. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  70. ^ "Aliénor de Poitiers". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Aliénor de Poitiers. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  71. ^ "Alison Rutherford". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alison Rutherford. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  72. ^ "Almucs De Castenau". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Almucs De Castenau. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  73. ^ Gallick, 333.
  74. ^ "Alpis de Cudot". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alpis de Cudot. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  75. ^ "Althea Gibson". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Althea Gibson. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  76. ^ "Alukah". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Alukah. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  77. ^ "Amat-Mamu". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Amat-Mamu. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  78. ^ a b "Amelia Holst". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Amelia Holst. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  79. ^ Windsor, 204.
  80. ^ "Amy Beach". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Amy Beach. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  81. ^ "Ana Betancourt". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Ana Betancourt. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  82. ^ "Anaconda". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Anaconda. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  83. ^ "Anahita". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Anahita. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  84. ^ "Anaïs Nin". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Anaïs Nin. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  85. ^ "Anastasia". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Anastasia. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  86. ^ "Anastasia". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Anastasia. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  87. ^ "Anath". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Anath. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  88. ^ "Anasandra". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Anasandra. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  89. ^ "Andres Villareal". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Andres Villareal. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  90. ^ "Angela Merici". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Angela Merici. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  91. ^ "Angelberga". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Angelberga. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  92. ^ "Angéle de la Barthe". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Angéle de la Barthe. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  93. ^ "Angelica Balabanoff". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  94. ^ "Angelica Kauffman". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  95. ^ "Angelina Grimké". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  96. ^ "Angelique du Coudray". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  97. ^ "Ageltrude Benevento". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  98. ^ "Ann Lee". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  99. ^ "Anna Dalassena Comnena". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  100. ^ "Anna Karsch". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  101. ^ "Anna Comnena". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  102. ^ : Anna Maria Schwagel Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed March 2012
  103. ^ "Anna Manzolini". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  104. ^ Anna Pavlova Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  105. ^ Anna Shabanova Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  106. ^ Anna Sophia Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  107. ^ Annabella Drummond Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  108. ^ Anne Askew Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 27 January 2014.
  109. ^ Anne Bacon Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 27 January 2014.
  110. ^ "Anne Baynard". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  111. ^ "Anne Bonney". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  112. ^ "Anne Bradstreet". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  113. ^ "Anne Clough". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  114. ^ "Anne Dacier". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  115. ^ "Anne Ella Carroll". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  116. ^ "Anne Halkett". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  117. ^ "Anne of Beaujeu". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  118. ^ "Anna". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  119. ^ Anne of Brittany.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  120. ^ Anne Redfearne.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  121. ^ Annie Jump Cannon.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  122. ^ Annie Kenney.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  123. ^ Annie Smith Peck.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  124. ^ Annie Wood Besant.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  125. ^ Antigone.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  126. ^ Antiope.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  127. ^ Antonia Brico.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  128. ^ Antonia Padoani Bembo.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  129. ^ Amyte.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  130. ^ Aphra Behn.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  131. ^ Aphrodite.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  132. ^ Arachne.Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  133. ^ Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Eminent Philosophers
  134. ^ Elizabeth Donnelly Carney (2013). Arsinoe of Egypt and Macedon: A Royal Life. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-536551-1
  135. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, "Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers" iii. 46.
  136. ^ Barbara Uttman Brooklyn Museum., Accessed 2015
  137. ^ [1] Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  138. ^ Chris Albertson: Bessie: Empress of the Blues (London: Sphere Books, 1972; ISBN 0-300-09902-9), pp. 192–195
  139. ^ Buckley, Veronica (2004). Christina, Queen of Sweden: The Restless Life of a European Eccentric (HarperCollins, ISBN 9780060736187)
  140. ^ Hortensia von Moos Brooklyne Museum, Heritage Floor dinner party Database.
  141. ^ Amoia, edited by Alba; Knapp, Bettina L. (2002). Multicultural writers from antiquity to 1945 a bio-bibliographical sourcebook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 34–37. ISBN 0313016488
  142. ^ "Mary Shelley". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Maryshelley. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  143. ^ Penthelia Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Penthelia. Accessed April 2012
  144. ^ "Fabiola". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  145. ^ "Lucy". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  146. ^ "Marcellina". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  147. ^ "Margaret". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  148. ^ "Margaret". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  149. ^ "Paula". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  150. ^ "Walpurgis". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: . Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  151. ^ Salomée Halpir Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 27 January 2014.
  152. ^ Salpe Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 27 January 2014.
  153. ^ Sarah Bernhardt Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 27 January 2014.
  154. ^ Sarah Grimké Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 27 January 2014.
  155. ^ Sarah Jennings Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 27 January 2014.
  156. ^ Sarah of St. Gilles Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 27 January 2014.
  157. ^ Sarah Peale Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 27 January 2014.
  158. ^ Sarah Siddons Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 25 January 2014.
  159. ^ Sarah Winnemucca Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 25 January 2014.
  160. ^ Sarah Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 25 January 2014.
  161. ^ Scholastica Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 25 January 2014.
  162. ^ Selina Hastings Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 25 January 2014.
  163. ^ Selma Lagerlöf Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 25 January 2014.
  164. ^ Semiramis Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 20 January 2014.
  165. ^ Shibtu Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 20 January 2014.
  166. ^ Shub-Ad of Ur Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 20 January 2014.
  167. ^ Sigrid Undset Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 20 January 2014.
  168. ^ Simone de Beauvoir Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 20 January 2014.
  169. ^ Simone Weil Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 20 January 2014.
  170. ^ Sobeya Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 20 January 2014.
  171. ^ Sofia Kovalevskaya Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 18 January 2014.
  172. ^ Sonia Delaunay Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 18 January 2014.
  173. ^ Sonja Henie Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 18 January 2014.
  174. ^ Sophia Hayden Bennett Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 18 January 2014.
  175. ^ Sophia Heath Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 18 January 2014.
  176. ^ Sophia Perovskaya Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 15 January 2014.
  177. ^ Baroness of Adlersparre Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 15 January 2014.
  178. ^ Sophie Blanchard Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 15 January 2014.
  179. ^ Sophie de Condorcet Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 15 January 2014.
  180. ^ Sophie Drinker Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 15 January 2014.
  181. ^ Sophie Germain Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 14 January 2014.
  182. ^ Sophia of Mecklenburg Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 14 January 2014.
  183. ^ Sophie Taeuber-Arp Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 14 January 2014.
  184. ^ Sophonisba Angussola Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Accessed 14 January 2014.
  185. ^ Sor Juana de la Cruz Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  186. ^ Stephanie de Genlis Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  187. ^ Stephanie de Montaneis Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  188. ^ Brooklyn Museum. "Sulpicia". Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Sulpicia. Brooklyn Museum, March 10th, 2007. Web. Retrieved September 12th, 2014. <http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/eascfa/dinner_party/heritage_floor/sulpicia.php>.
  189. ^ Sulpicia Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  190. ^ Susan la Flesche Piccotte Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Agatha. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  191. ^ Susanna Lorantffy at the Dinner Party database , Brooklyn Museum . Accessed Jan 2014
  192. ^ Susanna Rowso, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  193. ^ Susanna Wesley, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor . Accessed January 2014
  194. ^ Suzanne Langer, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  195. ^ Suzanne Necker , Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  196. ^ Suzanne Valadon, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  197. ^ Sylvia Ashton-Warner, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  198. ^ Sylvia, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  199. ^ Sylvia Pankhurst, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  200. ^ Tanaquil , Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  201. ^ Tarquinia Molza, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  202. ^ Tefnut, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  203. ^ Telesilla , Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  204. ^ Tellus Mater , Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  205. ^ Teresa de Cartagena , Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed January 2014
  206. ^ Theano Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. Accessed June 2012
  207. ^ Thecla Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. Accessed June 2012
  208. ^ Theoclea Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor, Brooklyn Museum. Accessed 14 February 2012
  209. ^ _Theodelinda Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed June 2012.
  210. ^ Theodora III Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed June 2012.
  211. ^ Theodora the Senatrix Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed June 2012.
  212. ^ Theodora II Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed June 2012.
  213. ^ Theresa of Avila Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed June 2012.
  214. ^ Theroigne de Mericourt Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed April 2012.
  215. ^ Thoma Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed April 2012.
  216. ^ Chicago, Judy (2007). The dinner party: from creation to preservation. Merrell. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-85894-370-1. 
  217. ^ Tiamat Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed April 2012.
  218. ^ Timarete Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed April 2012.
  219. ^ Tituba Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed April 2012
  220. ^ Tiy Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed April 2012
  221. ^ Tomyris Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed April 2012
  222. ^ Tuchulcha Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed April 2012
  223. ^ Tullia d'Aragona Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor. Accessed April 2012
  224. ^ Urraca Brooklyn Museum Dinner, Party Heritage Floor. Accessed March 2012
  225. ^ Valkyries, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  226. ^ Vera Figner, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  227. ^ Vera Zasulich , Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  228. ^ Veronica Gambara, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  229. ^ Vesta, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2012.
  230. ^ Victoria Woodhull, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 06 February 2012.
  231. ^ Vida Goldstein , Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 06 February 2012.
  232. ^ Violante, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 06 February 2012.
  233. ^ Chicago, Judy. The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation. London: Merrell (2007). ISBN 1-85894-370-1 Page 180
  234. ^ Yekaterina Breshkovskaya Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Madame A. Milliat. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  235. ^ Yekaterina Dashkova Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Madame A. Milliat. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
  236. ^ Yolanda of Aragon Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Madame A. Milliat. Brooklyn Museum. 2007. Retrieved 20 December 2011.
  237. ^ "Zenobia". The Arab American National Museum. 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2011. 
  238. ^ David M. Goldenberg. The curse of Ham: race and slavery in early Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, chapter 8. Pg 124

References[edit]

  • Chicago, Judy. The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation. London: Merrell (2007). ISBN 1-85894-370-1
  • Gallick, Sarah. The Big Book of Women Saints. New York: HarperOne (2007). ISBN 0-06-082512-X
  • Hurd-Mead, Kate Campbell. A History of Women in Medicine: From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century. Self Published (1938).
  • Windsor, Laura. Women in Medicine: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO (2002). ISBN 1-57607-392-0