List of women who led a revolt or rebellion

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This is a list of women who led a revolt or rebellion. A revolt is an organized attempt to overthrow an existing body of state authority through a rebellion, or uprising.

Armed conflict[edit]

Before 1000 AD[edit]

Queen Zenobia's Last Look Upon Palmyra, by Herbert Schmalz.
  • In the 9th century BC, according the legendary history of Britain, Queen Gwendolen gathered an army and fought her ex-husband, Locrinus, in a civil war for the throne of Britain. She defeated him and became the monarch.[1][2]
  • In 60–61, Boudica, a Celtic chieftain in Britain, led a massive uprising against the occupying Roman forces.[5] The Romans attempted to raise the morale of their troops by informing them that her army contained more women than men.[6]
  • In 378, Queen Mavia led a rebellion against the Roman army[9] and defeated them repeatedly. The Romans finally negotiated a truce with her on her conditions.[10]

1000 – 1899[edit]

  • In 1716, Maria leads a slave rebellion on Dutch Curacao.
  • In 1763, Gabriela Silang led a revolution against the Spanish to establish an independent Ilocos, which was started by his husband, Diego Silang in after her husband was assassinated in 1763.
  • In 1782, Bartolina Sisa, an Aymara woman who led an indigenous uprising against the Spanish in Bolivia, is captured and executed.
  • In 1796-1798, Wang Cong'er is the leader and commander of the White Lotus rebellion in China.
  • In 1824, Kittur Chennamma led an armed rebellion against the British in response to the Doctrine of lapse. The resistance ended in her martyrdom.[21] She was the first woman to fight against British governance and the kappa tax.

1900 onward[edit]

Non-violent revolutions and rebellions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geoffrey of Monmouth, translated by Lewis Thorpe (1966). The History of the Kings of Britain. London, Penguin Group. p. 286. 
  2. ^ Geoffrey of Monmouth, p.77
  3. ^ Leon, p. 202
  4. ^ Lu Mu - mother of a revolution
  5. ^ Hazel, John (2001). Who's Who in the Roman World. Routledge, London, UK. ISBN 0-415-22410-1. 
  6. ^ Salmonson, p.39
  7. ^ Lendering, Jona. "Veleda". Livius. Retrieved December 2, 2006. 
  8. ^ An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors
  9. ^ Sue M. Sefscik. "Zenobia". Women's History. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  10. ^ Jensen, 1996, pp. 73-75.
  11. ^ Kessler, David (1996). The Falashas: A Short History of the Ethiopian Jews. Routledge. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-7146-4646-6. 
  12. ^ Salmonson, p. 163
  13. ^ Anna Nzinga Biography
  14. ^ Government of Jamaica, national heroes listing
  15. ^ Salmonson, p. 58
  16. ^ Salmonson, p. 26
  17. ^ Jennifer S. Uglow,Maggy Hendry. The Northeastern dictionary of women's biography. UPNE, 1999 ISBN 978-1-55553-421-9, p. 81: "Greek freedom fighter."
  18. ^ Kirstin Olsen. Chronology of women's history. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1994 ISBN 978-0-313-28803-6, p. 110.
  19. ^ David E. Jones. Women warriors: a history. Brassey's, 2000 ISBN 978-1-57488-206-3, p. 131: "the Greek woman warrior tradition continued into the 18th century with Laskarina Bouboulina. Born in 1783, she developed into a Greek naval commander"
  20. ^ Bernard A. Cook. Women and war: a historical encyclopedia from antiquity to the present, Vol. 1. ABC-CLIO, 2006 ISBN 978-1-85109-770-8, p. 225: "...of the 1,500 Greek combatants in the crucial battle 1,000 were women. Nevertheless, Laskarina Bouboulina and Manto Mavrogenous, the most famous women fighters of the Greek Revolution were not from mountain villages but islands."
  21. ^ Kittur Chennamma Fort
  22. ^ The Death of Comandanta Ramona
  23. ^ The Women's March on Versailles
  24. ^ 'People Power' Leader Toppled Philippine Dictator, The Washington Post (1 August 2009)
  25. ^ WOMENS PEACE MOVEMENT OF LIBERIA
  26. ^ CNN, October 31, 2009
  27. ^ Ukraine's 'goddess of revolution', BBC News (5 December 2004)
  28. ^ Arab Women Lead the Charge
  29. ^ "Women play vital role in Egypt's uprising" (transcript). National Public Radio. February 4, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  30. ^ "Revolutionary blogger Asma threatened". Gulf News. February 5, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  31. ^ The New York Times
  32. ^ Egypt: The viral vlog of Asmaa Mahfouz
  33. ^ The Canadian Charger
  34. ^ "Ivory Coast women defiant after being targeted by Gbagbo's guns" (article). The Guardian (London). March 11, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  35. ^ "A plea for help from an Ivorian women's leader amid the violent power struggle" (radio broadcast). BBC Radio. March 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  36. ^ "Ivory Coast: women shot dead at anti-Gbagbo rally" (article). Euronews. March 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  37. ^ Smith, David (April 1, 2011). "Ivory Coast's well-armed rebels making quick work of revolution" (article). The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2011-04-01. 
  38. ^ "Women in Ivory Coast lead the revolution against Gbagbo" (article). Newscast Media. March 9, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-09. 

External links[edit]