List of works by Caspar David Friedrich

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Gerhard von Kügelgen, Portrait of Caspar David Friedrich (c. 1810–20)

This is an incomplete list of works by the German Romantic artist Caspar David Friedrich (1774–1840) by completion date where known. Friedrich was a prolific artist who produced over 500 attributed works; however, he is generally known for only a small number of works seen as emblems of Romanticism.[1]

In line with Romantic ideals of the time, Friedrich intended that his paintings would function visually only, and thus he was cautious that the titles given to his work were not overly descriptive or evocative. It is likely that some of today's relatively literal titles, such as The Stages of Life, were not given by the artist himself, but were instead adopted during one of the revivals of interest in the artist during the late 19th or early 20th century.[2]

Complications arise when dating Friedrich's work, mainly because he often did not directly name or date his canvases. However, he kept a carefully detailed notebook on his output, which has been used by scholars to tie paintings to their completion dates.[1]

Paintings[edit]

Painting Name German name Year Technique Dimensions City Gallery Notes
LandscapewithTempleinRuin1797.jpg Landscape with Temple Ruins 1797 Oil on canvas
Caspar David Friedrich 044.jpg Wreck in the Ice-sea Wrack im Eismeer 1798 Oil on canvas 31.4x23.6 cm Hamburg Kunsthalle The attribution of this work to Friedrich is disputed.[citation needed]
Caspar David Friedrich - Blick auf Arkona mit aufgehendem Mond.jpg View of Arkona with Rising Moon and Nets Blick auf Arkona mit aufgehendem Mond und Netzen 1803 Oil on canvas Private collection of Jan Krugier
Caspar David Friedrich 065.jpg West Facade of the Eldena Ruins with Bakehouse and Barn Westfassade der Ruine Eldena mit Backhaus und Scheune 1806 Oil on canvas Angers Musée des Beaux-Arts
Caspar David Friedrich - Meeresstrand mit Fischer (ca.1807).jpg Seashore and Fisherman Meeresstrand mit Fischer c. 1807 Oil on canvas 33.5 x 51 cm Vienna Österreichische Galerie Belvedere
Caspar David Friedrich - Der Sommer (Landschaft mit Liebespaar).jpg The Summer Der Sommer 1807 Oil on canvas 71.4 x 103.6 cm Münich Neue Pinakothek
Huenengrab im Schnee (C D Friedrich).jpg Dolmen in the Snow Hünengrab im Schnee 1807 Oil on canvas 61.5x80 cm Dresden Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister
Caspar David Friedrich - Meeresstrand im Nebel.jpg Fog Nebel 1807 Oil on canvas 34.5 x 52 cm Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum
Caspar David Friedrich - Das Kreuz im Gebirge.jpg Cross in the Mountains (Tetschen Altar) Das Kreuz im Gebirge (Tetschener Altar) 1808 Oil on canvas 115 x 110 cm Dresden Galerie Neue Meister [3]
Portrait of Friedrich's Father.jpg Portrait of a Man 1808-1810 Oil on canvas 51.7 x 42.4 cm Hanover Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum
Caspar David Friedrich 033.jpg Morning Fog in the Mountains Morgennebel im Gebirge 1808 Oil on canvas 71x104 cm Rudolstadt Museum Schloss Heidecksburg
Caspar David Friedrich - Der Heldstein bei Rathen an der Elbe (1828).jpg The Heldstein near Rathen 1808 Oil on canvas
Caspar David Friedrich 046 (Monk in the Snow).jpg Winter Winter (Klosterruine Eldena) 1808 Oil on canvas NA NA 1931- destroyed by fire in the Glaspalast, Munich
The Monk by the Sea (Friedrich).jpg The Monk by the Sea Der Mönch am Meer 1809 Oil on canvas 115 x 110 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich - Riesengebirge Landscape with Rising Fog - WGA8257.jpg Giant Mountains Landscape with Rising Fog Abtei im Eichwald 1809-1810 Oil on canvas 110 x 171 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie [4]
The Abbey in the Oakwood.jpg The Abbey in the Oakwood Riesengebirgslandschaft mit aufsteigendem Nebel 1809-1810 Oil on canvas 54.9 x 70.4 cm cm Munich Neue Pinakothek
Caspar David Friedrich 020.jpg Mountain Landscape and Rainbow Gebirgslandschaft mit Regenbogen 1810 Oil on canvas 70x102 cm Essen Museum Folkwang
Caspar David Friedrich 048.jpg Bohemian Landscape with Mount Milleschauer Böhmische Landschaft mit dem Milleschauer 1808 Oil on canvas 70 x 104 cm Dresden Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister
Morning in the Riesengebirge.jpg Morning in the Giant Mountains 1810-1811 Oil on canvas 108 x 170 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich 027.jpg Landscape with Rainbow Landschaft mit Regenbogen c. 1810 Oil on canvas 59 x 84.5 cm NA NA Missing since 1945
Caspar David Friedrich - Winterlandschaft (London).jpg Winter Landscape Winterlandschaft 1811 Oil on canvas 32 x 45 cm London National Gallery, London
Winter Landscape by Caspar David Friedrich.jpg Winter Landscape Winterlandschaft 1811 Oil on canvas 32.5 x 45 cm Schwerin Staatliches Museum [5]
Caspar David Friedrich - Winter Landscape with Church - WGA08245.jpg Winter Landscape with Church Winterlandschaft mit Kirche 1811 Oil on canvas 33 x 45 cm Dortmund Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte
Caspar David Friedrich - Felspartie im Harz.jpg Rocks in the Harz mountain Felspartie im Harz 1811 Oil on canvas 32 x 45 cm Dresden Galerie Neue Meister
Caspar David Friedrich 025.jpg The Cross in the Mountains Das Kreuz im Gebirge 1812 Oil on canvas 45 x 37 cm Düsseldorf Museum Kunst Palast [6]
Caspar David Friedrich 021.jpg Old Heroes' Graves Gräber gefallener Freiheitskrieger 1812 Oil on canvas 49.5 × 70.5 cm Hamburg Kunsthalle
Friedrich Kreuz im Wald.jpg Cross in the Mountains Kreuz im Wald 1813 Oil on canvas 42 x 32 cm Stuttgart Staatsgalerie Inv. Nr. L 569
Caspar David Friedrich 068.jpg The Chasseur in the Forest Der Chasseur im Walde 1814 Oil on canvas 66 x 47 cm Private collection
Kreuzimgebirge.jpg Cross in the Mountains Kreuz im Gebirge (Der Ilsenstein) Perhaps 1814 Oil on canvas 71.7 cm wide, 128 cm at highest point Gotha Schlossmuseum
Caspar David Friedrich 024.jpg The Cross beside the Baltic Kreuz an der Ostsee 1815 Oil on canvas 45 x 33,5 cm Berlin Schloss Charlottenburg [7]
Caspar David Friedrich - Segelschiff.jpg Sailing Ship Segelschiff 1815 Oil on canvas 72.3 x 51 cm Chemnitz Städtische Kunstsammlungen Inv. n. 215
Caspar David Friedrich - View of a harbour.png View of a Harbour 1815-16 Oil on canvas 90 x 71 cm Berlin Charlottenburg Palace
Caspar David Friedrich 064.jpg Greifswald in Moonlight Greifswald im Mondschein 1816-17 Oil on canvas 22.5 x 30.5 cm Oslo National gallery
Two Men by the Sea by Caspar David Friedrich.jpg Two Men by the Sea 1817 Oil on canvas 51 x 66 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Coastal Landscape in Twilight Küstenlandschaft in der Dämmerung 1816-18 Oil on canvas 22 x 31 cm Lübeck Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte Inv. Nr. 1950/5
Caspar David Friedrich 036.jpg Neubrandenburg c. 1817 Oil on canvas 91 x 72 cm Greifswald Pommersches Landesmuseum
Caspar David Friedrich - Wanderer above the sea of fog.jpg The Wanderer above the Mists Der Wanderer über dem Nebelmeer 1817-18 Oil on canvas 94,8 x 74,8 cm Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg [8]
TheCathedral1818.jpg The Cathedral 1818 Oil on canvas 70 x 152 cm
Caspar David Friedrich 069.jpg Garden Bower in Greifswald Gartenlaube in Greifswald 1818 Oil on canvas 30.0 x 21.5 cm Munich Neue Pinakothek Inv.-Nr. FV 10
Caspar David Friedrich's Chalk Cliffs on Rügen.jpg Chalk Cliffs on Rügen Kreidefelsen auf Rügen c. 1818 Oil on canvas 90,5 x 71 cm Winterthur Stiftung Oskar Reinhart [9]
Caspar David Friedrich - Frau am Strand von Rügen (ca.1818).jpg Woman on the Beach of Rügen Frau am Strand von Rügen c. 1818 Oil on canvas Winterthur Stiftung Oskar Reinhart
Caspar David Friedrich 019.jpg Woman before the Rising Sun (Woman before the Setting Sun) Frau vor untergehender Sonne (Sonnenuntergang, Sonnenaufgang, Frau in der Morgensonne) 1818-20 Oil on canvas 22 x 30 cm Essen Museum Folkwang [10]
C. D. Friedrich - Greifswald Harbour.jpg Greifswald Harbour Schiffe im Hafen von Greifswald 1818-20 Oil on canvas 90 x 70 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie [11]
Caspar David Friedrich - Auf dem Segler.jpg On the Sailing Boat Auf dem Segler c. 1819 Oil on canvas 71 x 56 cm St. Petersburg Hermitage Museum
Caspar David Friedrich 049.jpg Monastery Graveyard in the Snow (Cloister Cemetery in the Snow) Klosterfriedhof im Schnee 1819 Oil on canvas destroyed 1945
Caspar David Friedrich 070.jpg Dolmen in the Fall Hünengrab im Herbst c. 1820 Dresden Galerie Neue Meister
Caspar David Friedrich 045 light.jpg Two Men Contemplating the Moon Zwei Männer in Betrachtung des Mondes 1819-20 Oil on canvas 35 x 44 cm Dresden Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister [12]
Eiche im Schnee - Caspar David Friedrich.jpg Oak in the Snow 1820 Oil on canvas 44 x 34,5 cm Cologne Wallraf-Richartz Museum
Caspar David Friedrich 034.jpg The Sisters on the Balcony Nacht im Hafen (Schwestern) c. 1820 Oil on canvas 74 x 52 cm St. Petersburg Hermitage Museum [13]
Caspar David Friedrich 054.jpg Drifting Clouds Ziehende Wolken c. 1820 Oil on canvas 18,3 x 24,5 cm Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg
Caspar David Friedrich 008.jpg Evening Der Abend c. 1820-1821 Oil on canvas 22 x 30.5 Hannover Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum
Caspar David Friedrich 009.jpg Morning Der Morgen c. 1820-1821 Oil on canvas 22 x 30.5 Hannover Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum
Caspar David Friedrich - Blick auf die Ostsee.jpg View of the Baltic 1820-25 Oil on canvas 34,5 x 44 cm Düsseldorf Museum Kunst Palast
Caspar David Friedrich Fog in the Elbe Valley.jpg Fog in the Elbe Valley 1821 Oil on canvas 33 x 43 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich - Mondaufgang über dem Meer.jpg Moonrise by the Sea Mondaufgang am Meer c. 1821 Oil on canvas 135 x 170 cm St. Petersburg Hermitage Museum
Friedrich, Caspar David - Morning in the Mountains.jpg Morning in the Mountains 1822-23 Oil on canvas 135 x 170 cm St. Petersburg Hermitage Museum
Caspar David Friedrich - Mondaufgang am Meer - Google Art Project.jpg Moonrise Over the Sea Mondaufgang am Meer 1822 Oil on canvas 55 x 71 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich The Tree of Crows.jpg The Tree of Crows Krähen auf einem Baum c. 1822 Oil on canvas 59 x 73 cm Paris Musée du Louvre
Caspar David Friedrich - Der einsame Baum - Google Art Project.jpg Village Landscape in Morning Light (The Lone Tree) 1822 Oil on canvas 55 x 71 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich 043.jpg Meadows near Greifswald Wiesen bei Greifswald c. 1822 Oil on canvas 34,5 x 48,3 cm Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg
Caspar David Friedrich 018.jpg Woman at a Window 1822 Oil on canvas 44 x 37 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich - Felsenlandschaft im Elbsandsteingebirge (1822-23).jpg Rocky Ravine Felsenlandschaft im Elbsandsteingebirge 1822-23 Oil on canvas 94 x 74 cm Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum
Caspar David Friedrich - Klosterruine Eldena (ca.1825).jpg Ruins of Eldena, near Greifswald Klosterruine Eldena bei Greifswald 1825 Oil on canvas 35 x 49 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie Inv. Nr. A II 574
Caspar David Friedrich 006.jpg The Sea of Ice Das Eismeer (Die gescheiterte Hoffnung) 1824 Oil on canvas 96,7 x 126,9 cm Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg
Hill and Ploughed Field near Dresden by Caspar David Friedrich.jpg Hill and Ploughed Field near Dresden 1824 Oil on canvas 22,2 x 30,5 cm Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg
Caspar David Friedrich 028.jpg Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon Mann und Frau in Betrachtung des Mondes c. 1824 Oil on canvas 34 x 44 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich - Abend (1824).jpg Evening Oct 1824 Oil on cardboard 20 x 27,5 cm Mannheim Kunsthalle Mannheim
ReefsbytheSeashore1824.jpg Rocky Reef on the Sea Shore c. 1824 Oil on canvas 22 x 31 cm Karlsruhe Staatliche Kunsthalle
Caspar David Friedrich 058.jpg Trees and Bushes in the Snow Bäume und Sträucher im Schnee c.1825 Oil on canvas 31 x 25.5 cm Dresden Galerie Neue Meister
Caspar David Friedrich 053.jpg The Cemetery Entrance 1825 Oil on canvas 143 x 110 cm Dresden Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister
Churchyard Gate by Friedrich.jpg The Cemetery Gate (The Churchyard) 1825-30 Oil on canvas 31 x 25 cm Bremen Kunsthalle Bremen
Seashore with Shipwreck by Moonlight.jpg Seashore with Shipwreck by Moonlight 1825-30 Oil on canvas 77 x 97 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Watzmann by Friedrich.jpg The Watzmann 1824-25 Oil on canvas 135 x 170 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich 052.jpg Graveyard under Snow 1826 Oil on canvas 31 x 25 cm Leipzig Museum der bildenden Künste
Oak Tree in the Snow.jpg The Oaktree in the Snow 1829 Oil on canvas 71 x 48 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich - Schiffe im Hafen am Abend.jpg Boats in the Harbour at Evening Schiffe im Hafen am Abend c. 1828 Oil on canvas 76,5 x 88,2 cm Dresden Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister
Caspar David Friedrich - Tannen am Wasserfall.jpg The Evergreens by the Waterfall Tannen am Wasserfall 1828 Oil on canvas 44,2 x 34,8 cm Hamburg Hamburger Kunsthalle
Caspar David Friedrich 022.jpg The Temple of Juno in Agrigento Junotempel in Agrigent c. 1828-1830 Oil on canvas 53.3 x 71.5 cm Dortmund Museum am Ostwall Inv. Nr. C 5022
Sunset by Caspar David Friedrich.jpg Evening Landscape with Two Men 1830-35 Oil on canvas 25 x 31 cm St. Petersburg Hermitage Museum
Caspar David Friedrich 016.jpg The Giant Mountains 1830-35 Oil on canvas 72 x 102 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Schwaene im Schilf (C D Friedrich).jpg "Swans in the Reeds at Dawn Schwäne im Schilf beim ersten Morgenrot c. 1832 Oil on canvas 38 x 44 cm Frankfurt/M., Freies Deutsches Hochstift Frankfurter Goethe-Museum
Caspar David Friedrich 007.jpg The Grosse Gehege near Dresden Das Große Gehege (Ostra-Gehege) bei Dresden c. 1832 Oil on canvas 73,5 x 102,5 cm Dresden Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister
Caspar David Friedrich 039.jpg Neubrandenburg in Flames
(Sunrise near Neubrandenburg)
c. 1835 Oil on canvas 72 x 101 cm Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg [14]
Wreck in the Moonlight.jpg Wreck in the Moonlight c. 1835 Oil on canvas 31,3 x 42,5 cm Berlin Alte Nationalgalerie
Caspar David Friedrich 013.jpg The Stages of Life Die Lebensstufen 1835 Oil on canvas 72.5 x 94 cm Leipzig Museum der bildenden Künste
Caspar David Friedrich 072.jpg Landschaft mit dem Rosenberg in der böhmischen Schweiz c. 1835 Oil on canvas 34.9 x 48.5 cm Frankfurt am Main Städelsches Kunstinstitut Inv. Nr. 1821
Caspar David Friedrich - Küste bei Mondschein.jpg Seashore in Moonlight Meeresufer im Mondschein 1835 Hamburg Kunsthalle
Caspar David Friedrich - Wald im Spätherbst.jpg Wald im Spätherbst (Waldwasser, Herbstwald) 1835 Oil on canvas 35 x 44 cm Erfurt Angermuseum Inv. Nr. 3626
MemorialMonumenttoGoethe1835.jpg Monument to Goethe 1835 Oil on canvas
Caspar David Friedrich 026.jpg Countryside in the Character of the Bohemian Central Uplands (Giant Mountains) Landschaft im Charakter des böhmischen Mittelgebirges (Riesengebirge) c. 1830-1835 Oil on canvas 27 x 103 cm NA NA Missing since 1945
Caspar David Friedrich 011.jpg The Dreamer Der Träumer 1820-1840 Oil on canvas 27 x 21 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage

Drawings, watercolours, and prints[edit]

Artwork Name
German name Year Technique Dimensions City Gallery Notes
Schriftblatt: Gott hat selbst in unsere Schmerzen December 1, 1788 Pen, ink and watercolour 207 x 329 mm Greifswald Museum der Stadt Greifswald
Weiblicher Akt nach Preissler.jpg
Female Nude in the Style of Johann Daniel Preißler Weiblicher Akt nach Preißler 1790-94 Pencil 321 x 201 mm Greifswald Museum der Stadt Greifswald
Die Luisen-Quelle in Frederiksdahl 1797 Pen, ink and watercolour 289 x 244 mm Hamburg Hamburger Kunsthalle
Die Frederiksberger Quelle bei Kopenhagen I July 9, 1797 Brown ink and watercolour 217 x 168 mm Dresden Kupferstich-Kabinett
Landscape with pavilion.jpg
Landscape with Pavilion c. 1797 Pen, ink and watercolour 167 x 217 mm Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg [15]
Fishing Boat Fischerboot 1798 Pencil 103 x 168 mm Greifswald Museum der Stadt Greifswald
Tree, Ship, and Nets Baum, Boot, Netze c. 1798 Pencil 150 x 165 mm Greifswald Museum der Stadt Greifswald
Studie eines sitzendes Jünglings May 7, 1798 Pen, ink and watercolour 289 x 244 mm Prague National Gallery in Prague
Portrait of the Pastor and Poet Ernst Theodor Johann Brûckner Bildnis des Pastors und Dichters Ernst Theodor Johann Brûckner c. 1798 Black chalk 251 x 199 mm Berlin Staatliche Museen, Berlin
Caspardavidfriedrich self1.jpg
Self-Portrait 1800 Black chalk 420 x 276 mm Copenhagen Statens Museum for Kunst [16]
Mother Heiden by Caspar David Friedrich.jpg Mother Heiden 1798–1802 Black chalk 420 x 276 mm Greifswald Pommersches Landesmuseum [17]
Bildnis des Adolf Gottlieb Friedrich.jpg Portrait of Adolph Gottlieb Friedrich Bildnis des Vaters Adolph Gottlieb Friedrich c. 1798-1802 Black chalk 250 x 205 mm Greifswald Museum der Stadt Greifswald
Scene from Schiller.jpg Scene from Schiller's "The Robbers" 1800–1801 Pen and sepia 203 x 263 mm Greifswald Pommersches Landesmuseum
Self-Portrait with Cap and Sighting Eye-Shield.jpg
Self-Portrait with Cap and Sighting Eye-Shield 1802 Pencil, brush and ink 175 x 105 mm Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg [18]
Hiker at the Milestone by Friedrich.jpg
Hiker at the Milestone 1802 Sepia
Adolf Gottlieb Friedrich, Reading.jpg
Adolf Gottlieb Friedrich, Reading 1802 Black chalk 346 x 320 mm Mannheim Kunsthalle Mannheim
The Woman with the Cobweb by Caspar David Friedrich.jpg
The Woman with the spider's web between bare trunks 1803 Woodcut; block cut by Friedrich's brother Christian 171 x 119 mm Various (block in Hamburg Kunsthalle) [19]
Pilgrimage at Sunset (Sunrise).jpg
Pilgrimage at Sunset (Sunrise) 1805 Sepia 405 x 620 mm Weimar Kunstsammlungen
Friedrich7.jpg
View from the Painter's Studio 1805-6 Sepia Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum
RuinsofEldena1825.jpg
Ruins of Eldena Klosterruine Eldena 1806 Watercolor and ink
Cross in the Mountains 1805-06 Pencil and sepia 640 x 931 mm Berlin Kupferstichkabinett (Print room) at Kulturforum, Staatliche Museen
Giant grave by the sea.jpg
Giant Grave by the Sea 1806-07 Pen, brush and sepia over graphite 645 x 950 mm Weimar Staatliche Kunstsammlungen
Caspar David Friedrich self portrait.jpeg
Self-Portrait 1810 Black chalk 228 x 182 mm Berlin Kupferstichkabinett (Print room) at Kulturforum, Staatliche Museen [8]
Window-Looking-over-the-Park.jpg
Window Looking over the Park c.1810-11 Sepia and pencil 39.8x30.5 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage
The Marketplace in Greifswald by Caspar Davis Friedrich.jpg
The Marketplace in Greifswald 1818 Pencil, ink and watercolour
ViewofGreifswaldfromEast1818.jpg
View of Greifswald from the East 1818 Watercolour
RuinsofEldenaAbbey1824.jpg
The Ruins of Eldena c. 1825 Pencil, ink and watercolour 178 x 229 mm Private collection [20]
Kreidefelsen 1010.jpg
Watercolor possibly related to Chalk Cliffs on Rügen 1824-6 Watercolour 25 x 32 cm
Caspar David Friedrich - Das Neurathener Felsentor.jpg
The Rock Gates in Neurathen c.1826-28 Watercolor over pencil 27.9x24.5 cm. St. Petersburg The Hermitage
RuinsofTeplitzCastle1828.jpg
Ruins of Teplitz Castle 1828 Pencil, ink and watercolour
Mountainous River Landscape (Night Version).jpg
Mountainous River Landscape (Night Version) 1830-35 Mixed media on transparent paper 77 x 127 cm Kassel Staatliche Museen
Mountainous River Landscape (Day Version).jpg
Mountainous River Landscape (Day Version) 1830-35 Mixed media on transparent paper 77 x 127 cm Kassel Staatliche Museen [21]
TwoYoungMenontheSeashorebytheRisingoftheMoon1835.jpg
Two Young Men on the Sea Shore by the Rising Moon 1835 Sepia
VultureonaSpade1805.jpg
Vulture on a Spade 1835 Sepia
Moonrise drawing by CDF.jpg
Moonrise Mondaufgang c.1835-7 Sepia and pencil 24.5x34.5 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage
Owl in a Gothic Window by Caspar David Friedrich.jpg
Owl in a Gothic Window Eule im Gotischen Fenster c.1836 Sepia and pencil 37.8x25.6 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage
Landscape with Owl, Grave, and Coffin.jpg
Landscape with Grave, Coffin and Owl 1836-37 Sepia over pencil 385 x 383 mm Hamburg Kunsthalle Hamburg [22]
Caspar David Friedrich - Eule auf einem Grabkreuz.jpg
Owl upon the Grave Marker Eule auf Grabkreuz 1836-37 Sepia over pencil Moscow Pushkin Museum
Owl-Flying-against-a-Moonlit-Sky.jpg
Owl Flying against a Moonlit Sky 1836-37 Sepia over pencil 27.9x24.4 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage
Caspar David Friedrich - Boot auf dem Strand, Mondaufgang.jpg
Boat on the Shore, Moonrise 1837-39 Sepia over pencil 24.4x41.6 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage
Friedrich12.jpg
Landscape in the Giant Mountains Unknown Watercolor over pencil Winterthur Oskar Reinhart Foundation

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Siegel, 3
  2. ^ "caspar david friedrich inventing romanticism". designboom.com. Retrieved on October 21, 2008.
  3. ^ Wolf, 28
  4. ^ Vaughan, 122
  5. ^ Malerei des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts
  6. ^ Vaughan, 86
  7. ^ Vaughan, 124
  8. ^ a b Vaughan, 94
  9. ^ Wolf, 52
  10. ^ "A German Dream: Masterpieces of Romanticism from the Nationalgalerie Berlin". National Gallery of Ireland, September 2004. Retrieved on November 21, 2008.
  11. ^ Vaughan, 162
  12. ^ Siege, 102
  13. ^ Vaughan, 115
  14. ^ Vaughan, 301
  15. ^ Vaughan, 32
  16. ^ Vaughan, 37
  17. ^ Wolf, 94
  18. ^ Vaughan, 50
  19. ^ Griffiths, Antony and Carey, Francis; German Printmaking in the Age of Goethe, p. 206, 1994, British Museum Press, ISBN 0-7141-1659-9
  20. ^ Vaughan, 191
  21. ^ Vaughan, 271
  22. ^ Siegel, 131

Sources[edit]

  • Siegel, Linda. Caspar David Friedrich and the Age of German Romanticism. Branden Publishing Co, 1978. ISBN 0-8283-1659-7.
  • Vaughan, William. Friedrich. London: Phaidon Press, 2004. ISBN 0-7148-4060-2.
  • Wolf, Norbert. Friedrich. Cologne: Taschen, 2003. ISBN 3-8228-2293-0.

External links[edit]