List of works by Henry Payne

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Main article: Henry Payne (artist)
West Window, Hook Church: The "Good Shepherd" window by Henry Payne. A mix of a typical English country scene, with lambs and a stream, but with lions behind the wicker fence and a biblical king complete with what appears to be a zither.

List of works by Henry Payne Details of some of the major works of the stained glass artist Henry Payne.

Payne worked for a period as a student of Christopher Whall and in turn, when teaching at the Birmingham School of Art, included A.J. Davies, Florence Camm, and Margaret Rope amongst his pupils.

Works[edit]

Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery[edit]

Payne window in Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery

The Birmingham Art Gallery Birmingham, Warwickshire have a Payne window which came from a Methodist chapel in Cradley Heath. It was executed in 1922 and served as a War Memorial for the men of the Chapel's congregation who gave their lives in the First World War. The work was entitled "Peace and Goodwill".[1] In Payne’s composition angels appear to the shepherds to announce the Birth of Jesus. The title is part of the words "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men". There are three vignettes at the base of the window which depict the Annunciation, the Nativity and the Crucifixion. The window was designed and made by Payne at his studio in the Cotswolds.

The Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery have another window which shows Payne's prowess as a designer. It is called "Rumour" and dates to 1908. It was made by a pupil of Payne's under his supervision and was Payne's own design. The subject is "History" protected by a cloak of vigilance (the artist has used eyes to show this), threatened by deceipt and false witness. The telegraph poles in the background indicate the speed with which "rumour" can fly, and remind us that technology can be used for good and evil purposes. The subject reflected the concern at the time about the independence and responsibility of the mass media.[2]

St James[edit]

St James church in Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire featured in "England’s Thousand Best Churches" by Simon Jenkins. Payne completed the five-light East window in 1925 in memory of those who served in the Great War.[3] 15th Century glass was used in the tracery.

The window is inscribed-

"IN MEMORY OF THOSE WHO FELL/ IN THANKFULNESS TO GOD FOR PEACE/ AND IN THANKFULNESS FOR THOSE/ WHO CAME BACK 1914-1918/ "AND US THEY TRUSTED; WE THE TASKS INHERIT; THE UNFINISHED TASK FOR WHICH THEIR LIVES WERE SPENT"

— Window inscription

In the first light we have depictions of St James, St George with sword and shield, St James leaving his boat to follow Jesus and the Fereby Arms. In light two we have angels who look towards Christ in the next light to their right, St Catherine with her wheel, Moses holding up his hands and a depiction of the parish church. In the third light Payne depicts Christ, the Madonna and Child, a shepherd with his flock and the Arms of Canterbury. The fourth light depicts more angels, again looking towards Christ on the left, St John the Baptist, Elijah with horses and the Chariot of Fire and the Arms of Grevel House. The fifth light depicts St Martin and the beggar at Amiens, St Michael the Archangel weighing the souls of men and the Arms of the See of Gloucester. The inclusion of St Martin reminds us that the Armistice had been signed on St Martin’s Day.

List of works[edit]

The following list is a partial list of Payne's works:

Church Location Date(s) Subject, notes and references
All Saints’ Hutton Rudby, Yorkshire 1932 Payne completed a three-light traceried window for All Saints’ entitled "Fides, Caritas, Spes" (translates "Faith, Charity and Hope"). The window is inscribed "In memory of Margaret the Dearly loved wife of Sir John H Ropner. Bart.of Skutterskelfe.1932". The photograph shown in this article appears courtesy Dave Webster.[4]
All Saints’ Malvern Wells, Worcestershire This church designed by Arthur Troyte Griffith has stained glass by Payne.[5]
All Saints’ Turkdean, Gloucestershire 1937 This church has a South-East window in the South Aisle by Henry Payne, who was assisted by his son Edward.[6]
Church of the Good Shepherd Hook Common, Worcestershire 1908 One three-light window in this church is entitled "The Good Shepherd" A Saint sits under a banner proclaiming- "Oh Lord how manifest Thy Works" and looks out at various scenes; a labourer goes off to work carrying a scythe, sheep graze in another, lions roam under a moonlit sky and horses pull a plough. The window was given in memory of Captain Grice-Hutchinson who was Conservative M.P. for Aston Manor from 1891 to 1900. He died in 1906. The window in the North East Nave is by Edward Payne, Henry's son. It depicts the story of Ruth.[7]
Church of St John the Evangelist Elkstone, Gloucestershire 1929 The original stained glass in the tiny East window was replaced in 1929 with a Virgin and Child by Henry Payne[8]
Corpus Christi College Chapel Oxford, Oxfordshire 1931 Payne completed an East window for the college chapel.[9]
Little Chapel Rodborough, Gloucestershire 1936 Payne designed the window depicting the Nativity in the chapel’s sanctuary area and his son Edward added "The Light of the World" in 1947 based on William Holman Hunt’s painting.[10]
Madresfield Court Madresfield, Worcestershire Over the years Madresfield Court has had many alterations and the biggest changes were made around 1865 by the architect

Philip Hardwick(1792–1870). The seventh Earl was a patron of the Arts and Crafts movement and he engaged Charles Robert Ashbee to create the library which is rich in carvings by Alec Miller and Will Hart. Payne painted frescoes in the chapel using egg tempera on dry plaster and executed some stained glass windows as well as decorations on the gallery balustrades and organ case. Madresfield is well known for its associations with Evelyn Waugh and Waugh partly based the house in "Brideshead Revisited" on Madresfield and especially the Chapel and most of his main characters were said to be drawn from members of the Lygon family.[11]

Seynckley House Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire This large Grade II detached house was purchased by Henry Payne in 1908 and he engaged Sidney Barnsley to carry out some alterations to it. He designed and made one window for the house which was at one time known as St Loe’s House[12]
St Agatha’s Church Sparkbrook, Birmingham 1901 Payne was responsible for the East window in the church but sadly it was destroyed by German bombing in the Second World War. Somewhat ironically the theme was the "Resurrection". Photograph of this window shown courtesy Aidan McRae.[13]
St Agnes Church Moseley, Birmingham 1909 The church dates back to 1883 and is built in the Decorated Gothic style whilst the furnishings are Perpendicular Gothic.

In the West end of the North Aisle is a window by Payne with the theme "Suffer the little children".[14]

St Andrew Aylestone, Leicestershire 1930 Payne's East window entitled "Ascension" has beautiful colouring and various angels are depicted surrounding the Risen Lord. The church’s website states "The magnificent East window, Christ in Ascension, was designed in 1930 by Henry Payne, of the Bromsgrove School of Artists. The overall style has a definite pre-Raphaelite flavour despite the late date. The visual impact of the window always leaves a lasting impression on visitors"[15]
St Andrew’s Church Roker, Sunderland 1908 This church is known as one of the masterpieces of the Arts and Crafts "free" style in church architecture. It was built by Edward Schroeder Prior in 1904-7. Payne designed the two main windows in the church, the East window which depicts the Ascension and the South Transept window depicting the biblical text "Come unto me all ye that are heavy laden". In the lower lights of the South Transept window, Payne drew his figures in contemporary dress and in the upper lights a group of angels are shown carrying Christ’s cross.[13]
St Botolph Carlton-in-Cleveland, Yorkshire For this church Payne designed the three-light traceried East window and two memorial windows added after the First World War. The present church was completed in 1897 and designed by Temple Moore.[16]
St Catherine Sacombe Green, Hertfordshire Payne's three-light traceried East window depicts the risen Christ with St Mary and St John on either side and two sleeping soldiers at Our Lords’ feet.[17][18]
St Cuthbert Holme Lacy, Herefordshire This is a redundant church and part of The Churches Conservation Trust. The church has a Henry Payne three-light traceried East window depicting the Archangel Michael weighing souls. The window is in memory of Sir Robert Lucas-Tooth, the 1st Baronet, who died in 1915. See St Cuthbert's Church, Holme Lacy.[13]
St James Goldenacre, Edinburgh, Lothian 1921 This 14th century gothic church has stained glass by Douglas Strachan and a Henry Payne window in the North East Chancel.[19]
St John the Baptist Stokesay, Shropshire Another church featured in Simon Jenkins England's Thousand Best Churches[20] The two-light window depicts angels announcing Christ’s Birth to the shepherds. At the bottom the window is inscribed

“GLORY TO GOD IN THE HIGHEST AND ON EARTH PEACE GOODWILL TOWARD MEN”

— Window inscription

St John the Evangelist Elkstone, Gloucestershire 1929 Payne completed a small single light East window in the Apse area depicting Mary and The Christ Child.[8]
St Martin’s Church Kensal Rise, Inner London Payne produced several windows for this church[21][22]
West Ashton Parish Church West Ashton, Wiltshire 1920 The East window in this Trowbridge, Wiltshire church serves as a War Memorial.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The art of Christmas in Birmingham". birminghamnewsroom.com. 2010-11-26. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  2. ^ Information displayed by Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery next to the stained glass window
  3. ^ "UK National Inventory of War Memorials : St James Church - WW1 Window". Ukniwm.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  4. ^ "History". CommuniGate. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  5. ^ Morley, Christopher (2012-06-08). "Making a mark on Malvern and Elgar - Music - Birmingham Culture - Life & Leisure". Birmingham Post. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  6. ^ http://www.bestcotswold.com/pevsner.pdf
  7. ^ "Upton upon Severn - The Church of the Good Shepherd, The Hook". Upton.uk.net. 1912-08-20. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  8. ^ a b "Elkstone Church « Elkstone Village". Elkstonevillage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  9. ^ Sherwood, Jennifer and Nikolaus Pevsner. "The Buildings of England- Oxfordshire". ISBN 0 14 0710 45 0. Note: Describes as "The showy east window by Henry A Payne".
  10. ^ Good Stuff IT Services (2009-06-22). "Little Chapel, Rodborough". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  11. ^ Good Stuff IT Services (2009-06-22). "Madresfield Court". Birmingham Art Gallery and Museum. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  12. ^ Good Stuff IT Services (1960-06-28). "Seynckley House Including Courtyard Walls - Minchinhampton - Gloucestershire - England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  13. ^ a b c Catalogue for the exhibition "Christopher Whall 1849-1924: Arts & Crafts Stained Glass Worker" organised by the William Morris Gallery, London Borough of Waltham Forest from 17 November 1979 to 3 February 1980 included several Henry Payne designs for stained glass windows which were displayed at that exhibition.
  14. ^ "The windows of St Agnes". St Agnes' website. Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  15. ^ "St Andrews - Buildings". Aylestonechurches.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  16. ^ A Church Near You. "St Botolph, Carlton-in-Cleveland - North Yorkshire | Diocese of York". Achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  17. ^ "St Catherine.Sacombe Green". Flickr photograph taken by Glass Mouse. Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  18. ^ "St Catherine.Sacombe Green". Stained Glass Records. Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  19. ^ http://www.scottishchurches.org.uk/sites/site/id/5984/name/St+James%2C+Goldenacre+Edinburgh+Lothian
  20. ^ "Website with photograph of Stokesay window". Discovershropshirechurches.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  21. ^ "history of our church". Stmartinskensalrise.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  22. ^ "St Martin's Kensal Rise". Stained Glass Records. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  23. ^ "St Thomas' | St John's, West Ashton". Stthomastrowbridge.org. Retrieved 2012-08-16.