List of works by Jean Metzinger

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Jean Metzinger, photograph circa 1912

This is an incomplete list of works by the French modern artist Jean Metzinger (June 24, 1883 – November 3, 1956). He is admired as a painter, theorist, writer, critic and poet.

Between 1902 and 1907 Metzinger worked in a combination of Neo-Impressionist, Divisionist and Fauvist styles. A Cézannian component in his work during this phase produced some of the earliest proto-Cubist works.

In the words of S.E. Johnson, an in-depth analysis of Metzinger's Pre-Cubist period—his first artistic peak—"can only class that painter, in spite of his youth, as being already one of the leading artistic personalities in that period directly preceding Cubism. [...] In an attempt to understand the importance of Jean Metzinger in Modern Art, we could limit ourselves to three considerations. Firstly, there is the often overlooked importance of Metzinger's Divisionist Period of 1900-1908. Secondly, there is the role of Metzinger in the founding of the Cubist School. Thirdly, there is the consideration of Metzinger's whole Cubist Period from 1909 to 1930. In taking into account these various factors, we can understand why Metzinger must be included among that small group of artists who have taken a part in the shaping of Art History in the first half of the Twentieth Century."[1]

From 1908 Metzinger experimented with the faceting of form, a style that would soon become known as Cubism. His involvement in Cubism saw him both as an influential artist and principal theorist of the movement.[2][3][4]

Metzinger, a sensitive and intelligent theoretician of Cubism, sought to communicate the principles of this movement through his paintings as well as his writings.[5]

Many exhibitions document the painter's national and international success.[6] His works can be found in private and public collections and institutions around the world.

The artist died in Paris on November 3, 1956.

Paintings[edit]

Painting Name French name Year Technique Dimensions City Gallery Notes
Rose Flower in a Vase Fleur rose dans un vase 1902 oil on canvas 22 x 27 cm Paris Private collection
The Clearing Clairière c. 1903 oil on canvas 54 x 72.5 cm Private collection
Landscape Paysage 1904 oil on canvas 54 x 65.1 cm Chapel Hill, NC Ackland Art Museum, University of North Carolina
The Low Tide La Marée Basse c. 1904 oil on canvas 32.3 x 40.2 cm Private collection
Le Chemin a travers les champs c. 1904 oil on canvas 39 × 46.5 cm Private collection
Landscape Paysage c. 1904 oil on canvas 65 × 92 cm Private collection
The Sea Shore Bord de mer (Le Mur Rose) 1904-05 oil on canvas 64.5 x 91.2 cm Indianapolis Indianapolis Museum of Art
La Tour de Batz au coucher du soleil 1904-05 oil on canvas 54 x 73 cm
Le Château de Clisson 1904-05 oil on canvas 54.5 x 73.5 cm Nantes Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes
Paysage au deux Cypres 1904-05 oil on canvas 60.1 x 81.2 cm Private collection
Paysage 1904-05 oil on canvas 43 x 64 cm Private collection
Femme assise au bouquet de feuillage 1905 oil on canvas 65.5 x 54 cm Private collection
Still Life Nature morte 1905 oil on canvas 38 x 47 cm Private collection
Jeune Fille au Fauteuil Femme nue au chignon assise 1905 oil on canvas 91.8 x 73 cm. New York Private collection
Neo-Impressionist Landscape Paysage Neo-Impressionniste 1905 oil on canvas 41 x 33 cm Troyes Musée d'art moderne de Troyes
Jean Metzinger, c.1905-06, Nu dans un paysage, oil on canvas, 73 x 54 cm.jpg Nude in a landscape Nu dans un paysage 1905-06 oil on canvas 73 x 54 cm Private collection
Two Nudes in a Garden Deux nus dans un jardin 1905-06 oil on canvas 91.4 x 63.8 cm Iowa City University of Iowa Museum of Art
Jean Metzinger, 1905-06, Baigneuse, Deux nus dans un jardin exotique (Two Nudes in an Exotic Landscape), oil on canvas, 116 x 88.8 cm.jpg Two Nudes in an Exotic Landscape Baigneuses: Deux nus dans un jardin exotique 1905-06 oil on canvas 116 × 88.8 cm Madrid Carmen Cervera Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection[7][8]
Basse-Normandy 1905-06 oil on canvas 88.4 x 128.4 cm Private collection
A Peakock 1906 oil on canvas 61 x 47.2 cm Private collection
Jean Metzinger, 1906, Coucher de Soleil No. 1 (Landscape), oil on canvas, 72.5 x 100 cm, Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, Netherlands.jpg Landscape Coucher de Soleil No. 1 c. 1906 oil on canvas 72.5 x 100 cm Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum
Jean Metzinger, 1906, La dance (Bacchante), oil on canvas, 73 x 54 cm DSC05359...jpg The Dance La danse (Bacchante) c. 1906 oil on canvas 73 x 54 cm Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum[9]
Flamingos c. 1906 oil on canvas 32.5 x 40.3 cm Private collection
Parc Montsouris, Morning Matin au Parc Montsouris 1906 oil on canvas 49.9 x 67.7 cm Private collection
Nude Nu 1906 oil on canvas 47 x 63.5 cm West Palm Beach Norton Museum of Art
Landscape with a round tree Paysage a l'arbre rond c. 1906 Oil on panel 22 x 27.5 cm Köln Städtische Museen im Überblick
Petit port, pêcheurs et bateaux au quai 1906 oil on canvas 54 x 73 cm Private collection
Portrait of Delaunay Portrait de Delaunay 1906 oil on canvas 64.8 x 53.3 cm Location unknown
Saint-Tropez 1906 oil on canvas 54.5 x 73 cm Private collection
Jean Metzinger, c.1906, Femme au Chapeau (Woman with a Hat), oil on canvas, 44.8 x 36.8 cm, Korban Art Foundation..jpg Woman with a Hat Femme au Chapeau 1906 oil on canvas 44.8 x 36.8 cm Korban Art Foundation[10]
Landscape with Fountain 1906-07 oil on canvas 53.3 x 73.6 cm Private collection
Paysage pointilliste 1906-07 oil on canvas 54.5 x 73 cm Private collection
Tropical Landscape Paysage Tropical 1906-07 oil on canvas 89.5 x 62.7 cm
Jean Metzinger, 1907, Paysage coloré aux oiseaux aquatique, oil on canvas, 74 x 99 cm, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.jpg Colored Landscape with Aquatic Birds Paysage coloré aux oiseaux aquatique 1906-07 oil on canvas 74 x 99 cm Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
Les Ibis 1907 oil on canvas 54 x 73 cm Private collection
Jean Metzinger, 1908-1909, Bagneuses (Bathers), illusrated in Gelett Burgess, The Wild Men of Paris, The Architectural Record, Document 3, May 1910, New York, location unknown.jpg Bathers Baigneuses c. 1908 oil on cardboard 27 x 21.5 cm Location unknown
Landscape Paysage c. 1908-09 Location unknown Illustrated in Gelett Burgess, The Wild Men of Paris, The Architectural Record, 1910[11]
Metzinger, Nu à la cheminée (Nu), 1910, Salon d'Automne, Les Peintre Cubist, Apollinaire published 1913.jpg Nude Nu à la cheminée (Nu) 1910 oil on canvas Location unknown
Portrait of Apollinaire Portrait d'Apollinaire 1910 oil on canvas 55 x 46 cm Private collection
Jean Metzinger, 1910-11, Deux Nus (Two Nudes), dimensions and whereabouts unknown..jpg Two Nudes Deux nus 1910-11 oil on canvas Location unknown
Standing Nude Nu debout 1910-11 oil on canvas Location unknown
Madame Metzinger c. 1911 oil on canvas 26.7 x 21 cm Philadelphia Philadelphia Museum of Art
Portrait of Madame Metzinger c. 1911 Pencil and ink on paper 22.6 x 15.7 cm Los Angeles Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Dame au décolleté c. 1911 oil on canvas 72.9 x 60 cm New York Private collection
Jean Metzinger, Le goûter, Tea Time, 1911, 75.9 x 70.2 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art.jpg Tea Time Le Goûter 1911 oil on canvas 75.9 x 70.2 cm Philadelphia Philadelphia Museum of Art The Mona Lisa of Cubism (André Salmon)[12][13][14][15]
Jean Metzinger, 1911, Etude pour Le Goûter, graphite and ink on paper, 19 x 15 cm, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.jpg Study for Tea Time Etude pour Le Goûter 1911 graphite and ink on paper 19 x 15 cm Paris Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou
Still Life Nature morte 1911 oil on canvas 61 x 50 cm Private collection
Jean Metzinger, ca 1911, Nature morte, oil on canvas, 93.5 by 66.5 cm.jpg Still Life Nature morte (Compotier et cruche décorée de cerfs) 1911-12 oil on canvas 93.5 by 66.5 cm Private collection
Jean Metzinger, 1911-12, The Harbor, location unknown, reproduced in Du "Cubism" 1912.jpg The Harbor Le Port 1911-12 oil on canvis Location unknown
Jean Metzinger, 1911-12, Man with a Pipe (Portrait of an American Smoker), oil on canvas, 92.7 x 65.4 cm (36.5 x 25.75 in), Lawrence University, Appleton, Wisconsin.jpg Man with a Pipe (Portrait of an American Smoker) 1911-12 oil on canvas 92.7 x 65.4 cm Appleton Lawrence University, Appleton, Wisconsin
Jean Metzinger, 1911, Etude pour le portrait de Guillaume Apollinaire, Mine graphite sur papier vergé rose, 48 x 31.2 cm, Musée national d'Art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.jpg Study for the portrait of Apollinaire Etude pour le portrait de Guillaume Apollinaire 1911 graphite on paper 48 x 31.2 cm Paris Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou
Jean Metzinger, 1911-12, La Femme au Cheval - The Rider.jpg Woman with a horse La Femme au Cheval 1911-12 oil on canvas 162 x 130 cm Copenhagen Statens Museum for Kunst[16]
Portrait 1912 oil on canvas 64.8 x 54 cm. Cambridge Fogg Museum, Harvard University
Sailboats Scène du port c. 1912 oil on canvas 54 x 46 cm. Ithaca Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University
The Harbor Le port 1912 oil on canvas 85 x 100.3 cm Dallas Dallas Museum of Art
Jean Metzinger, 1912, Danseuse au café, Dancer in a café, oil on canvas, 146.1 x 114.3 cm, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York.jpg Dancer in a café Danseuse au café 1912 oil on canvas 146.1 x 114.3 cm Buffalo, New York Albright-Knox Art Gallery
Jean Metzinger, 1912-13, Femme à l'Éventail, Woman with a Fan, oil on canvas, 90.7 x 64.2 cm, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY.jpg Woman with a Fan Femme à l'Éventail 1912 oil on canvas 90.7 x 64.2 cm New York Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Femme au chapeau rose et collier de perles 1912 oil on canvas 92 x 65 cm Private collection
La Plume Jaune The Yellow Feather 1912 oil on canvas 73 x 54 cm Private collection
Jean Metzinger, 1912, Landscape (Marine, Composition Cubiste), oil on canvas, 51.4 x 68.6 cm, Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University.jpg Landscape Marine, Composition Cubiste 1912 oil on canvas 51.4 x 68.6 cm. Cambridge Fogg Museum, Harvard University
Metzinger cycle track.jpg At the Cycle-Race Track Au Vélodrome (Le cycliste) 1912 oil on canvas 130.4 x 97.1 cm Venice Peggy Guggenheim Collection
The Bathers Les Baigneuses 1912-13 oil on canvas 148.3 x 106.4 cm Philadelphia Philadelphia Museum of Art
Jean Metzinger, 1912-1913, L'Oiseau bleu, (The Blue Bird) oil on canvas, 230 x 196 cm, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris..jpg The Blue Bird L'Oiseau bleu 1913 oil on canvas 230 x 196 cm Paris Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris[17]
Jean Metzinger, 1913, Le Canot, En Canot, Femme au Canot et a l'Ombrelle, Im Boot, approximate dimensions 150 x 116.5 cm.jpg In the Canoe, The Boat (Im Boot) En Canot (Femme au Canot et à l'Ombrelle) 1913 oil on canvas 150 x 116 cm Missing, presumed destroyed
Jean Metzinger, 1913, La Femme à l'Éventail, Woman with a Fan, oil on canvas, 92.8 x 65.2 cm, Art Institute of Chicago..jpg Woman with a Fan Femme à l'Éventail 1913 oil on canvas 92.7 x 65.7 cm Chicago Art Institute of Chicago
The Smoker Le fumeur 1914 charcoal on paper 56.1 x 45.2 cm New York City Museum of Modern Art
Soldier at a Game of Chess Le Soldat a la partie d'échecs 1915-16 oil on canvas 81.3 x 61 cm Chicago Smart Museum of Art
Femme à la dentelle 1916 oil on canvas 65 x 54 cm Paris Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
Jean Metzinger, 1916, Fruit and a Jug on a Table, oil and sand on canvas, 115.9 x 81 cm, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston..jpeg Fruit and a Jug on a Table 1916 oil on canvas 115.9 x 81 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Woman with Grapes 1916-17 oil on canvas 81.4 x 100.2 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Jean Metzinger, 1916-17, Paysage (Landscape), oil on canvas, 59.2 x 73 cm, published in Der Sturm, 5 January 1921, Art Institute of Chicago.jpg Landscape Paysage 1916-17 oil on canvas 59.2 x 73 cm Chicago Art Institute of Chicago
Still Life, Playing Cards, Coffee Cup and Apples 1917 oil on canvas 81 x 65 cm Private collection
Table by a window 1917 oil on canvas 81 x 65.1 cm New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art
Still Life 1918 oil on canvas 73 x 54.3 cm Chicago Art Institute of Chicago
Cubist Composition, Still Life c.1918 oil on canvas New Orleans New Orleans Museum of Art
Femme face et profil (Femme au verre) 1919 oil on canvas 65 x 50 cm Paris Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou
Still life in an oval Nature morte oval 1919 oil on canvas Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum
Woman with a Coffee Pot La Femme à la cafetière 1919 oil on canvas 115.3 × 81 cm London Tate Gallery
City Landscape 1919-20 oil on canvas 53.3 × 80.9 cm Iowa City University of Iowa Museum of Art
Still life with a jug and a pipe 1919 oil on canvas Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum
La Tricoteuse 1919 oil on canvas 116.5 x 81 cm Paris Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou
Still Life 1919 oil on canvas 79.5 x 62.5 cm Madrid Fundación Telefónica
Still life Nature morte 1919 oil on canvas 73.3 x 100 cm Bilbao Bilbao Fine Arts Museum
Landscape Paysage c. 1921 oil on canvas 60 x 81.3 cm Scottish National Gallery
Still Life Nature morte 1921 oil on canvas Minneapolis Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Embarkation of Harlequin Arlequin 1922-23 oil on canvas 162 x 112 cm Private collection
Le Bal masque (Carnaval a Venise) 1922 oil on canvas 60 x 81 cm location unknown
Jeune Femme à la Mandoline 1923(?) oil on canvas 100 x 73 cm Private collection
Clown with a banjo Clown au banjo 1924 oil on canvas 100 x 73.3 cm Private collection
Portrait of Léonce Rosenberg Portrait de Léonce Rosenberg 1924 pencil on paper 50 x 36.5 cm Paris Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou
Le Bal masqué, La Comédie Italienne 1924 oil on canvas 88.9 x 130.2 cm Private collection
Salome 1924 oil on canvas 92.2 x 64.8 cm Private collection
Young woman with a guitar Femme à la guitare 1924 oil on canvas Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum
Equestrienne 1924 oil on canvas Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum
Les Arlequins 1925 oil on canvas 97.8 x 146 cm Private collection
Woman with pheasant Pêches et faisan 1926 oil on canvas Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum
Still life with black vase 1926 oil on canvas Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum
La Roulette 1926 oil on canvas 97.8 x 146 cm Private collection
Still Life With Roulette Wheel 1926 oil on canvas 38.1 x 56 cm Iowa City University of Iowa Museum of Art
Jeune fille à la partition 1927 oil on canvas 92 x 73 cm Private collection
Still life with a green head 1927 oil on canvas Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum
Composition allegorique 1928-29 oil on canvas 54 x 73 cm Paris Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
L'Isthme de Corinthe 1928 oil on canvas 73 x 54 cm Private collection
Nautical still life 1930 oil on canvas 54.0 x 73.4 cm Melbourne National Gallery of Victoria
Femme stylisée au masque 1930 oil on canvas 91.8 x 65 cm Private collection
Globe and Banjo 1930 oil on canvas 56 x 92 cm Chicago Art Institute of Chicago
Nu au Soleil 1935 oil on canvas 162 x 130 cm Paris Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
Nu aux hortensias 1935 oil on canvas 120.5 x 89.5 cm Private collection
Allegorie 1935 oil on canvas Otterlo Kröller-Müller Museum
The Bather, Nude La Baigneuse, Nu 1936-37 oil on canvas 130 x 89 cm Private collection
Yachting 1937 oil on canvas 116 x 80 cm Private collection
La Rêveuse, Jeune femme assise dans une fauteuil 1938 oil on canvas 65 x 54 cm Private collection
Reclining Figure Nu Couché 1946 oil on canvas 54 x 73 cm Private collection
Reclining Nude Nu allongé 1945-50 oil on canvas 100 x 73 cm Private collection
The Green Dress La robe verte c. 1950 oil on canvas 160 x 96 cm Paris Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris

Published writings[edit]

Jean Metzinger was a highly prolific painter. He was also a published writer and theorist, not only on the topic of Cubism (for which he was the first with Note sur la peinture, 1910), but on the arts in general, on other artists, such as Henri Le Fauconnier, Robert Delaunay, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Albert Gleizes and Alexandre Mercereau. His writings are infused with references to science, mathematics, philosophy, politics, and culture. He was also a published poet. He left behind a number of personal letters and journal entries. The following incomplete list contains some of his important published works.

  • Note sur la peinture, Pan (Paris), October–November 1910
  • Cubisme et tradition, Paris Journal, 16 August 1911
  • Alexandre Mercereau, Vers et prose 27 (October–November 1911): 122-129
  • Du "Cubisme", written with Albert Gleizes, Edition Figuière, Paris, 1912 (First English edition: Cubism, Unwin, London, 1913)
  • Art et esthétique, Lettres Parisiennes, suppl. 9 (April 1920): 6-7
  • Réponse à notre enquête - Où va la peinture moderne?, written with Fernand Léger, Bulletin de l'Effort moderne, February 1924, 5-6
  • L'Evolution du coloris, Bulletin de l'Effort moderne, Paris, 1925
  • Enquête du bulletin, Bulletin de l'Effort moderne, October 1925, 14-15
  • Metzinger, Chabaud, Chagall, Gruber et André Mouchard répondent à l'enquête des Beaux-Arts sur le métric, Beaux-Arts, 2 October 1936, 1
  • Un souper chez G. Apollinaire, Apollinaire, Paris, 1946
  • Ecluses, Preface par Henri Charpentier, Paris: G.L. Arlaud, 1947
  • 1912-1946, Afterword to reprint of Du "Cubisme" by A. Gleizes and J. Metzinger, pp. 75–79, Paris, Compagnie française des Arts Graphiques, 1947
  • Le Cubisme apporta à Gleizes le moyen d'écrire l'espace, Arts spectacles, no. 418, 3-9, July 1953
  • Structures de peinture, Structure de l'esprit, Hommage à Albert Gleizes, with essays, statements and fragments of works by Gleizes, Metzinger, André Beaudin, Gino Severini, et al., Lyons, Atelier de la Rose, 1954
  • Suzanne Phocas, Paris, Galerie de l'Institut, February 1955
  • Le Cubisme était né, Souvenirs, Chambéry, Editions Présence, 1972

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ S. E. Johnson, 1964, Metzinger, Pre-Cubist and Cubist Works, 1900-1930, International Galleries, Chicago
  2. ^ Joann Moser, Jean Metzinger in Retrospect, Pre-Cubist works, 1904–1909, The University of Iowa Museum of Art, J. Paul Getty Trust, University of Washington Press, 1985, pp. 34-42
  3. ^ Daniel Robbins, Jean Metzinger: At the Center of Cubism, 1985, Jean Metzinger in Retrospect, The University of Iowa Museum of Art, J. Paul Getty Trust, University of Washington Press, pp. 9-23
  4. ^ Many of the dates are tentative, based on dates the works were published, exhibition dates and stylistic similarities to dated works.
  5. ^ Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Lucy Flint-Gohlke, Thomas M. Messer, Handbook, the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, Abrams, 1983
  6. ^ Art Directory
  7. ^ Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza collection, Jean Metzinger, Bañistas (Two Nudes in an Exotic Landscape)
  8. ^ Baronesa Carmen Thyssen, Bañistas: dos desnudos en un paisaje exótico (Two Nudes in an Exotic Landscape), 1905-06, by Jean Metzinger, exhibited in Gauguin y el viaje a lo exótico, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid, 9 October 2012 - 13 January 2013
  9. ^ Catalogus van de schilderijen verzameling van Mevrouw H. Kröller-Müller, Samensteller H.P. Bremmer, Published 1921(?) in 'S-Gravenhage, no. 844 (in Dutch)
  10. ^ Purchased at Christie's New York
  11. ^ Gelett Burgess, Wild Men of Paris, The Architectural Record, May 1910, documents p. 3
  12. ^ André Salmon, L'Art Vivant, Paris, 1920
  13. ^ André Salmon, Artistes d'hier et d'aujourd'hui, L'Art Vivant, 6th edition, Paris, 1920
  14. ^ Guillaume Apollinaire, Dorothéa Eimert, Anatoli Podoksik, Le Cubisme, 2010, ISBN 978-1-78042-777-5
  15. ^ Philadelphia Museum of Art, Tea Time (Woman with a Teaspoon), Provenance
  16. ^ Statens Museum for Kunst, Permanent collection, Metzinger, Woman with a horse
  17. ^ Agence Photographique de la Réunion des musées nationaux et du Grand Palais des Champs-Elysées, Metzinger, L'Oiseau bleu, page 1 of 5

External links[edit]