List of works influenced by Don Quixote

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The novel Don Quixote (/ˌdɒn kˈht/; Spanish: About this sound Don Quijote , fully titled The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha, Spanish: El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha), was written by Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes. Published in two volumes a decade apart (in 1605 and 1615), Don Quixote is one of the most influential works of literature from the Spanish Golden Age in the Spanish literary canon. As a founding work of modern Western literature, it regularly appears high on lists of the greatest works of fiction ever published.[1] It has been the inspiration for a wide array of cultural adaptations.

Influence on literature[edit]

Drama[edit]

Novels and other literature[edit]

  • 1742 Joseph Andrews by Henry Fielding notes on the title page that it is "written in Imitation of the Manner of Cervantes, Author of Don Quixote".
  • 1752 The Female Quixote (1752), a novel by Charlotte Lennox. A major influence on Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey.
  • 1759–1767 The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman by Laurence Sterne was influenced by Cervantes' novel in several ways, including its genre-defying structure and the Don Quixote-like character of Uncle Toby. Intentional nods include Sterne's own description of his characters' "Cervantic humour" and naming Parson Yorick's horse 'Rocinante'.
  • 1760-1762 The Life and Adventures of Sir Launcelot Greaves by Tobias Smollett. Smollett shows the influence of Don Quixote in many of his novels (e.g. the character of Lismahago in Humphry Clinker), but this is his "own explicit version of the D[on] Q[uixote] story." Smollett had also produced his own translation of Don Quixote in 1755.[5]
  • 1773 The Spiritual Quixote by Richard Graves is a satire on Methodism.
  • 1856 Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert was heavily influenced by Don Quixote.[6] In the view of the critic Howard Mancing, "of all the many female incarnations of Don Quixote, Emma [Bovary] is the most original, profound and influential. Flaubert's admiration for Cervantes knew no bounds. It has been suggested that it was his reading of Don Quixote in childhood which convinced Flaubert to become a novelist rather than a dramatist." In Madame Bovary, the heroine, like Don Quixote, tries to escape from the tedium of provincial life through books, in Bovary's case women's romances and historical novels.[7]
  • 1869 The Idiot by Dostoyevsky. Prince Myshkin, the title character of the novel, was explicitly modeled on Don Quixote.[8]
  • 1917-1919 (published posthumously in 1948) "The Truth About Sancho Panza" by Franz Kafka imagines Sancho as Author.
  • 1914 Vida de Don Quijote y Sancho (usually translated into English as Our Lord Don Quixote) by Miguel de Unamuno often perceived one of the earliest works applying existential elements to Don Quixote. The book, on Unamuno's own admission, is of mixed genre with elements of personal essay, philosophy and fiction.
  • 1927 The Return of Don Quixote by G. K. Chesterton tells the tale of the librarian Michael Herne, who, after performing as the lead actor in a medieval theater play, finds contemporaneous realities unacceptable and decides to carry on with medieval costume, then gets elected to a dictatorial real kingship, but disappoints the rich who helped him get there, and then has to roam the country in the fashion of Don Quixote, since persecuted by the police after losing his shortlived power.
  • 1939 "Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote" by Jorge Luis Borges is a short story about a fictional 20th-century writer who re-authors Don Quixote. According to the story, "The text of Cervantes and that of Menard are verbally identical, but the second is almost infinitely richer."
  • 1960 The Art of the Novel by Milan Kundera extensively references and extols Cervantes' Don Quixote as the first, and perhaps best, novel. Kundera writes that his own novels are an homage to Cervantes.
  • 1966 The Order of Things by Michel Foucault. Quixote's confusion in Cervantes' novel plays an important part in Foucault's book, serving as an illustration of the transition to a new configuration of thought in the late sixteenth century.
  • 1982 Monsignor Quixote by Graham Greene is a pastiche of Cervantes' novel. Greene's character Monsignor Quixote regards himself as a descendant of Don Quixote.
  • 1985 City of Glass in The New York Trilogy by Paul Auster. In this postmodern detective story, the protagonist, Daniel Quinn, is modeled after Don Quixote. The novella includes an explicit discussion of Don Quixote's authorship.
  • 1986 Don Quixote: Which Was a Dream, a novel by Kathy Acker, revisits the themes of Cervantes' text to highlight contemporary issues.
  • 1995 The Moor's Last Sigh by Salman Rushdie, with its central themes of the world being remade and reinterpreted, draws inspiration (as well as names and characters) from Cervantes's work.
  • 1998 Yo-Yo Boing!, a Spanglish comic novel by Giannina Braschi, features conversations between Don Quijote, Sancho Panza, and Dulcinea, who have been transported into 20th-century New York.
  • 2009 The Shadow Dragons, the fourth novel in James A. Owen's series The Chronicles of the Imaginarium Geographica, features Don Quixote as one of its major characters.

Music, opera and ballet[edit]

  • 1719 Don Chisciotte in Sierra Morena - comical opera by Francesco Bartolomeo Conti written for the Viennese court. Highly popular at the time, it was an object for some borrowings from other composers.
  • 1721 Les folies de Cardenio - ballet de cour by Michel Richard de Lalande based on an episode from the novel; some roles in the ballet were danced by young Louis XV.
  • 1743 Don Quichotte chez la Duchesse, a short ballet with vocals by Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, was loosely adapted from the novel's chapters dealing with the frivolous Duke and Duchess, who play practical jokes on Quixote.
  • 1761 Don Quichotte auf der Hochzeit des Camacho, an opera by Georg Philipp Telemann, was based on an episode from the novel.
  • 1767 Don Quichotte orchestral suite by Georg Philipp Telemann
  • 1827 Die Hochzeit des Camacho is an early opera by Felix Mendelssohn based on the same section of the book on which Telemann based his opera.
  • 1861 Don Quijote, a zarzuela by Francisco Asenjo Barbieri, had its premiere on 23 April 1861, the anniversary of Cervantes' death.
  • 1869 "Combate de Don Quijote contra las Ovejas" is a scherzo for orchestra by the Spanish composer Ruperto Chapí.
  • 1869 Ludwig Minkus composed the music for Marius Petipa's ballet Don Quixote, which was staged for the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow in 1869, and was revised in more elaborate production for the Imperial Ballet of St. Petersburg in 1871. The libretto was based on the same chapters in the novel which attracted Mendelssohn and Telemann. Petipa's ballet was substantially revised by Alexander Gorsky in 1900 for the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, a version which was staged for the Imperial in 1902. Gorsky's 1902 staging was revisited by several other choreographers in the twentieth century in Soviet Russia, and has since been staged by ballet companies all over the world. In 1972, Rudolf Nureyev filmed his version of the ballet with the Australian Ballet.
  • 1898 (premiere) Don Quixote, a tone poem by Richard Strauss (subtitled "Fantastic Variations for Large Orchestra on a Theme of Knightly Character"). The music makes explicit reference to several episodes in the novel, including the sheep (described by flutter-tongued brass) and windmill episodes.

Selected film adaptations[edit]

Paintings and illustrations[edit]

Don Quixote has inspired many illustrators, painters and sculptors, including Gustave Doré, Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí and Antonio de la Gandara. The French artist Honoré Daumier produced 29 paintings and 49 drawings based on the book and characters of Don Quixote, starting with an exhibition at the 1850 Paris Salon, which would later inspire Pablo Picasso. In 1863, Gustave Doré produced a large set of drawings based on Don Quixote. On 10 August 1955, Pablo Picasso drew an illustration of Don Quixote and Sancho Panza for the journal weekly Les Lettres françaises (week of 18–24 August 1955), which quoted from the Daumier caricature of a century before. Widely reproduced, today it is the iconic image used by the Spanish government to promote Cervantes and Don Quixote.

Illustrations by Gustave Doré, originally published 1863[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The top 100 books of all time". The Guardian (London). 8 May 2002. Retrieved 1 May 2010.  "Don Quixote gets authors' votes". BBC News. 7 May 2002. Retrieved 3 September 2010. 
  2. ^ Ardila
  3. ^ Ardila p.6
  4. ^ Brean Hammond in Ardila, p. 97
  5. ^ Cervantes Encyclopedia L-Z p.682
  6. ^ http://www.sussex-academic.co.uk/sa/titles/literary_criticism/Fox.htm
  7. ^ Cervantes Encyclopedia A-K p.140
  8. ^ Penguin Classics: Features
  9. ^ a b c d Sadoul, Georges and Peter, Morris Dictionary of films University of California Press p. 91 ISBN 0-520-02152-5
  10. ^ Películas sobre Don Quijote - Quixote Films (Spanish)
  11. ^ "Don Quixote – Tales of La Mancha @ Toonarific Cartoons". 
  12. ^ The Man Who Killed Don Quixote (2011) at the Internet Movie Database

Sources[edit]

  • The Cervantean Heritage: Reception and Influence of Cervantes in Britain ed. J.A. Ardila (MHRA, 2009)
  • Howard Mancing The Cervantes Encyclopedia L-Z (Greenwood, 2004)

Further reading[edit]

  • Bloom, Harold (Ed.) (2000) Cervantes's Don Quixote (Modern Critical Interpretations). Chelsea House Publishers ISBN 0-7910-5922-7
  • D' Haen, Theo (Ed.) (2009) International Don Quixote. Editions Rodopi B.V. ISBN 90-420-2583-2
  • Echevarría, Roberto González (Ed.) (2005) Cervantes' Don Quixote: a casebook Oxford University Press USA ISBN 0-19-516938-7
  • Duran, Manuel and Rogg, Fay R. (2006) "Fighting Windmills: Encounters with Don Quixote". Yale University Press ISBN 978-0-300-11022-7
  • Johnson, Carroll B (Ed.) (2006) Don Quijote Across Four Centuries: 1605-2005. Juan de la Cuesta-Hispanic Monographs ISBN 1-58871-088-2

External links[edit]