List of world records in swimming

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Michael Phelps currently holds the most world records in swimming with seven. Note Phelps is wearing a now banned version of the LZR Racer.

The world records in swimming are ratified by the international governing body of swimming FINA. Records can be set in long course (50 metres) or short course (25 metres) swimming pools. FINA recognises world records in the following events for both men and women.[1]

The long course (LCM) records are significantly older than the short course (SCM) records, and are generally viewed as more prestigious of two. LCM records originate as early as the early 1900s (later in the cases of butterfly evolving out of breaststroke). As for SCM, FINA first began the recognition process for these records in March 1991, with the establishment/setting of a standard time in each event (generally tied to the then-known World Best Time (WBT)), which had to be bettered in order for FINA's initially recognized "World Record" in the short course event.

The ratification process is described in FINA Rule SW12,[1] and involves submission of paperwork certifying the accuracy of the timing system and the length of the pool, satisfaction of FINA rules regarding swimwear and a negative doping test by the swimmer(s) involved. Records can be set at intermediate distances in an individual race and for the first leg of a relay race. Records which have not yet been fully ratified are marked with a '#' symbol in these lists.

Most of the records below were established by swimmers wearing bodysuits or suits made of polyurethane or other non-textile materials allowed in the race pool from February 2008 until December 2009.[citation needed] On the eve of the 2009 FINA World Championships in Rome, the international governing body for five Olympic aquatic sports voted to ban the use of bodysuits and all suits made of non-textile materials starting 1 January 2010.[2][3] The suits seemed to improve the performance in those with larger physiques, boosting performance in some athletes more than others, depending on morphology and physiology,[4] and creating an angle of buoyancy that was improved in some more than on others.[citation needed].

On July 25, 2013 FINA Technical Swimming Congress voted to allow world records in the long course mixed 400 free relay and mixed 400 medley relay, as well as in six events in short course meters: the mixed 200 medley and 200 free relays, as well as the men's and women's 200 free relays and the men's and women's 200 medley relays.[5] FINA will establish “standards” before something can be recognized as the first World Record in these events.[6]

Long course[edit]

Men[edit]

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50 m freestyle 20.91 Cielo , César César Cielo  Brazil 18 December 2009 Brazilian Championships São Paulo, Brazil [7][8]
100 m freestyle 46.91 Cielo , César César Cielo  Brazil 30 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [9][10]
200 m freestyle 1:42.00 Biedermann , Paul Paul Biedermann  Germany 28 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [11][12]
400 m freestyle 3:40.07 Biedermann , Paul Paul Biedermann  Germany 26 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [13][14]
800 m freestyle 7:32.12 Zhang Lin  China 29 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [15][16]
1500 m freestyle 14:31.02 Sun Yang  China 4 August 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [17]
50 m backstroke 24.04 Tancock , Liam Liam Tancock  Great Britain 2 August 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [18][19]
100 m backstroke 51.94 Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol  United States 8 July 2009 US Championships Indianapolis, United States [20][21]
200 m backstroke 1:51.92 Peirsol , Aaron Aaron Peirsol  United States 31 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [22][23]
50 m breaststroke 26.62 sf Peaty , Adam Adam Peaty  Great Britain 22 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [24]
100 m breaststroke 58.46 van der Burgh , Cameron Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 29 July 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [25][26]
200 m breaststroke 2:07.01 Yamaguchi , Akihiro Akihiro Yamaguchi  Japan 15 September 2012 National Games Gifu, Gifu, Japan [27]
50 m butterfly 22.43 sf Muñoz , Rafael Rafael Muñoz  Spain 5 April 2009 Spanish Championships Málaga, Spain [28][29]
100 m butterfly 49.82 Phelps , Michael Michael Phelps  United States 1 August 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [30][31]
200 m butterfly 1:51.51 Phelps , Michael Michael Phelps  United States 29 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [32][33]
200 m individual medley 1:54.00 Lochte , Ryan Ryan Lochte  United States 28 July 2011 World Championships Shanghai, China [34][35]
400 m individual medley 4:03.84 Phelps , Michael Michael Phelps  United States 10 August 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [36][37]
4×100 m freestyle relay 3:08.24
 United States 11 August 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China [38][39]
4×200 m freestyle relay 6:58.55
 United States 31 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [40][41]
4×100 m medley relay 3:27.28
 United States 2 August 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [42][43]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50 m freestyle 23.73 Steffen , Britta Britta Steffen  Germany 2 August 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [44][45]
100 m freestyle 52.07 Steffen , Britta Britta Steffen  Germany 31 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [46][47]
200 m freestyle 1:52.98 Pellegrini , Federica Federica Pellegrini  Italy 29 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [48][49]
400 m freestyle 3:58.37 Ledecky , Katie Katie Ledecky  United States 23 August 2014 Pan Pacific Championships Gold Coast, Australia [50]
800 m freestyle 8:11.00 Ledecky , Katie Katie Ledecky  United States 22 June 2014 Woodlands Senior Invitational Meet Shenandoah, United States [51]
1500 m freestyle 15:28.36 Ledecky , Katie Katie Ledecky  United States 24 August 2014 Pan Pacific Championships Gold Coast, Australia [52]
50 m backstroke 27.06 Zhao Jing  China 30 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [53][54]
100 m backstroke 58.12 Spofforth , Gemma Gemma Spofforth  Great Britain 28 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [55][56]
200 m backstroke 2:04.06 Franklin , Missy Missy Franklin  United States 3 August 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [57]
50 m breaststroke 29.48 sf Meilutytė , Rūta Rūta Meilutytė  Lithuania 3 August 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [58]
100 m breaststroke 1:04.35 sf Meilutytė , Rūta Rūta Meilutytė  Lithuania 29 July 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [59]
200 m breaststroke 2:19.11 sf Pedersen , Rikke Møller Rikke Møller Pedersen  Denmark 1 August 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [60]
50 m butterfly 24.43 Sjöström , Sarah Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 5 July 2014 Swedish Championships Borås, Sweden [61]
100 m butterfly 55.98 Vollmer , Dana Dana Vollmer  United States 29 July 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [62]
200 m butterfly 2:01.81 Liu Zige  China 21 October 2009 Chinese National Games Jinan, China [63]
200 m individual medley 2:06.15 Kukors , Ariana Ariana Kukors  United States 27 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [64][65]
400 m individual medley 4:28.43 Ye Shiwen  China 28 July 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [66]
4×100 m freestyle relay 3:30.98
 Australia 24 July 2014 Commonwealth Games Glasgow, United Kingdom [67]
4×200 m freestyle relay 7:42.08
 China 30 July 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy [68][69]
4×100 m medley relay 3:52.05
 United States 4 August 2012 Olympic Games London, United Kingdom [70]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Mixed relay[edit]

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
4×100 m freestyle relay 3:23.29
 Australia 1 February 2014 BHP Billiton Aquatic Super Series Perth, Australia [71]
4×100 m medley relay 3:44.02
 Great Britain 19 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [72]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Short course[edit]

Men[edit]

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50 m freestyle 20.26 Manaudou , Florent Florent Manaudou  France 5 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [73]
100 m freestyle 44.94 Leveaux , Amaury Amaury Leveaux  France 13 December 2008 European SC Championships Rijeka, Croatia [74][75]
200 m freestyle 1:39.37 Biedermann , Paul Paul Biedermann  Germany 15 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [76][77][78]
400 m freestyle 3:32.25 Agnel , Yannick Yannick Agnel  France 15 November 2012 French Nationals Angers, France [79]
800 m freestyle 7:23.42 Hackett , Grant Grant Hackett  Australia 20 July 2008 Victoria SC Championships Melbourne, Australia [80]
1500 m freestyle 14:10.10 Hackett , Grant Grant Hackett  Australia 7 August 2001 Australian SC Championships Perth, Australia [81]
50 m backstroke 22.22 Manaudou , Florent Florent Manaudou  France 6 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [82]
100 m backstroke 48.94 r Thoman , Nick Nick Thoman  United States 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom [83]
200 m backstroke 1:46.11 Vyatchanin , Arkady Arkady Vyatchanin  Russia 15 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [78]
50 m breaststroke 25.25 van der Burgh , Cameron Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 14 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [78]
100 m breaststroke 55.61 van der Burgh , Cameron Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 15 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [78]
200 m breaststroke 2:00.48 Gyurta , Dániel Dániel Gyurta  Hungary 31 August 2014 World Cup Dubai, United Arab Emirates [84]
50 m butterfly 21.80 Deibler , Steffen Steffen Deibler  Germany 14 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [78]
100 m butterfly 48.44 le Clos , Chad Chad le Clos  South Africa 4 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [85]
200 m butterfly 1:48.56 le Clos , Chad Chad le Clos  South Africa 5 November 2013 World Cup Singapore, Singapore [86]
100 m individual medley 50.66 Deibler , Markus Markus Deibler  Germany 7 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [87]
200 m individual medley 1:49.63 Lochte , Ryan Ryan Lochte  United States 14 December 2012 World SC Championships Istanbul, Turkey [88]
400 m individual medley 3:55.50 Lochte , Ryan Ryan Lochte  United States 16 December 2010 World SC Championships Dubai, United Arab Emirates [89]
4×50 m freestyle relay 1:22.60
 Russia 6 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [90]
4×100 m freestyle relay 3:03.30
 United States 19 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom [91]
4×200 m freestyle relay 6:49.04
 Russia 16 December 2010 World SC Championships Dubai, United Arab Emirates [92]
4×50 m medley relay 1:30.51  Brazil 4 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [93]
4×100 m medley relay 3:19.16
 Russia 20 December 2009 Vladimir Salnikov Cup Saint Petersburg, Russia [94]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
50 m freestyle 23.24 Kromowidjojo , Ranomi Ranomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands 7 August 2013 World Cup Eindhoven, Netherlands [95]
100 m freestyle 51.01 Trickett , Libby Libby Trickett  Australia 10 August 2009 Australian SC Championships Hobart, Australia [96]
200 m freestyle 1:50.78 Sjöström , Sarah Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 7 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [97]
400 m freestyle 3:54.52 Belmonte García , Mireia Mireia Belmonte García  Spain 11 August 2013 World Cup Berlin, Germany [98]
800 m freestyle 7:59.34 Belmonte García , Mireia Mireia Belmonte García  Spain 10 August 2013 World Cup Berlin, Germany [99]
1500 m freestyle 15:19.71 Belmonte García , Mireia Mireia Belmonte García  Spain 12 December 2014 Spanish Championships Sabadell, Spain [100]
50 m backstroke 25.67 Medeiros , Etiene Etiene Medeiros  Brazil 7 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [101]
100 m backstroke 55.03 Hosszú , Katinka Katinka Hosszú  Hungary 4 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [102]
200 m backstroke 1:59.23 Hosszú , Katinka Katinka Hosszú  Hungary 5 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [103]
50 m breaststroke 28.80 Hardy , Jessica Jessica Hardy  United States 14 November 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [104]
100 m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Meilutytė , Rūta Rūta Meilutytė  Lithuania 12 October 2013 World Cup Moscow, Russia [105]
100 m breaststroke 1:02.36 = Atkinson , Alia Alia Atkinson  Jamaica 6 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [106]
200 m breaststroke 2:14.57 Soni , Rebecca Rebecca Soni  United States 18 December 2009 Duel in the Pool Manchester, United Kingdom
50 m butterfly 24.38 Alshammar , Therese Therese Alshammar  Sweden 22 November 2009 World Cup Singapore, Singapore [107]
100 m butterfly 54.61 Sjöström , Sarah Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 7 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [108]
200 m butterfly 1:59.61 Belmonte Garcia , Mireia Mireia Belmonte Garcia  Spain 3 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [109]
100 m individual medley 56.70 Hosszú , Katinka Katinka Hosszú  Hungary 5 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [110]
200 m individual medley 2:01.86 Hosszú , Katinka Katinka Hosszú  Hungary 6 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [111]
400 m individual medley 4:19.86 Belmonte Garcia , Mireia Mireia Belmonte Garcia  Spain 3 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [112]
4×50 m freestyle relay 1:34.24
 Netherlands 7 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [113]
4×100 m freestyle relay 3:26.53
 Netherlands 5 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [114]
4×200 m freestyle relay 7:32.85
 Netherlands 3 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [115]
4×50 m medley relay 1:44.04
 Denmark 5 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [116]
4×100 m medley relay 3:45.56
 United States 16 December 2011 Duel in the Pool Atlanta, United States [117][118]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Mixed relay[edit]

Event Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
4×50 m freestyle relay 1:28.57
 United States 4 December 2014 World SC Championships Doha, Qatar [119]
4×50 m medley relay 1:37.17
 United States 21 December 2013 2013 Duel in the Pool Glasgow, United Kingdom [120]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Record holders' rankings[edit]

By nation[edit]

Nation Record
tally
LC SC Total LC SC Total LC SC Total
Men Women Mixed
 United States 25 9 4 13 7 3 10 2 2
 Germany 7 2 3 5 2 2
 China 6 2 2 4 4
 Spain 6 1 1 5 5
 Australia 5 2 2 1 1 2 1 1
 Hungary 5 1 1 4 4
 South Africa 5 1 4 5
 Brazil 4 2 1 3 1 1
 France 4 4 4
 Great Britain 4 2 2 1 1 1 1
 Netherlands 4 4 4
 Russia 4 4 4
 Sweden 4 1 3 4
 Lithuania 3 2 1 3
 Denmark 2 1 1 2
 Italy 1 1 1
 Jamaica 1 1 1
 Japan 1 1 1
Total 91 20 23 43 20 24 44 2 2 4

By athlete (men)[edit]

Record
count
Name Nationality Events
7 Michael Phelps  United States 100m butterfly LC
200m butterfly LC
400m individual medley LC
4×100m freestyle relay LC
4×200m freestyle relay LC
4×100m medley relay LC
4×100m freestyle relay SC
4 Ryan Lochte 200m individual medley LC
4×200m freestyle relay LC
200m individual medley SC
400m individual medley SC
3 Cesar Cielo  Brazil 50m freestyle LC
100m freestyle LC
4×50m medley relay SC
Paul Biedermann  Germany 200m freestyle LC
400m freestyle LC
200m freestyle SC
Cameron van der Burgh  South Africa 100m breaststroke LC
50m breaststroke SC
100m breaststroke SC
Aaron Peirsol  United States 100m backstroke LC
200m backstroke LC
4×100m medley relay LC

By athlete (women)[edit]

Record
count
Name Nationality Events
5 Mireia Belmonte  Spain 400m freestyle SC
800m freestyle SC
1500m freestyle SC
200m butterfly SC
400m individual medley SC
4 Katinka Hosszú  Hungary 100m backstroke SC
200m backstroke SC
100m individual medley SC
200m individual medley SC
Ranomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands 50m freestyle SC
4×50m freestyle relay SC
4×100m freestyle relay SC
4×200m freestyle relay SC
3 Rūta Meilutytė  Lithuania 50m breaststroke LC
100m breaststroke LC
100m breaststroke SC
Sarah Sjöström  Sweden 50m butterfly LC
200m freestyle SC
100m butterfly SC
Katie Ledecky  United States 400m freestyle LC
800m freestyle LC
1500m freestyle LC
Rebecca Soni 4×100m medley relay LC
200m breaststroke SC
4×100m medley relay SC
Dana Vollmer 100m butterfly LC
4×100m medley relay LC
4×100m medley relay SC
Missy Franklin 200m backstroke LC
4×100m medley relay LC
4×100m medley relay SC

Gallery of record holders[edit]

Some of the current world record holders in swimming in alphabetical order.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "FINA Technical Rules SW12.1 and 12.2". International Swimming Federation. Retrieved 11 May 2009. 
  2. ^ "High-tech records to stand". Times Live. 18 January 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  3. ^ Dillman, Lisa (25 July 2009). "FINA bans bodysuits that have led to spate of world records". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  4. ^ Dampf, Andrew (22 June 2011). "New Suits Mean No More Records in Swimming". ABC News. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  5. ^ "FINA Swimming Rules 2013 - 2017 incl. World Record Application Form". FINA. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  6. ^ Braden Keith (3 October 2013). "FINA Disallows Michigan, Indiana, Iowa “World Records”". www.swimswam.com. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "2009 Brazilian Championships full results" (PDF) (in Brazilian Portuguese). Confederação Brasileira de Desportos Aquáticos. 18 December 2009. p. 15. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Brazil Long Course Championships: Cesar Cielo Sets World Record". Swimming World Magazine. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Men's 100 m freestyle final results". Omega Timing. 30 July 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  10. ^ Lord, Craig (30 July 2009). "WR: Cielo Cracks Out 46.91 100 Free". swimnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  11. ^ "Men's 200 m freestyle final results". Omega Timing. 30 July 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  12. ^ Lord, Craig (28 July 2009). "WR: Biedermann Blasts Phelps Away in 1:42.00". swimnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  13. ^ "Men's 400 m freestyle final results". Omega Timing. 30 July 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  14. ^ Lord, Craig (26 July 2009). "WR: Biedermann Takes Down Thorpe: 3:40.07". swimnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  15. ^ "Men's 800 m freestyle final results". Omega Timing. 30 July 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  16. ^ Lord, Craig (29 July 2009). "WR: Zhang Zips Up For 7:32.12 800 Free". swimnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  17. ^ "Men's 1500m Freestyle Results". www.london2012.com. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Men's 50 m backstroke final results". Omega Timing. 2 August 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  19. ^ "Tancock claims gold for Britain". BBC News. 2 August 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  20. ^ "Men's 100 m backstroke final results". Omega Timing. 8 July 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  21. ^ "Aaron Peirsol reclaims 100 back world mark". ESPN. AP. 8 July 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2009. 
  22. ^ "Men's 200 m backstroke final results". Omega Timing. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  23. ^ Lord, Craig (31 July 2009). "WR: Peirsol's Reply - 1:51.92 200 Back". swimnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  24. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Semifinal Results". Microplus Informatica. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  25. ^ "Men's 100 m breaststroke final results". www.london2012.com. 29 July 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  26. ^ "2012 London Olympics: Cameron van der Burgh's World Record Ends Kosuke Kitajima's Threepeat Bid in 100 Breast". Swimming World Magazine. 29 July 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  27. ^ Schoolboy Akihiro Yamaguchi breaks 200m breaststroke world record
  28. ^ "Men's 50 m butterfly semifinal results" (in Spanish). Royal Spanish Swimming Federation. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  29. ^ Lord, Craig (5 April 2009). "In Malaga Matador Muñoz Mashes WR 50 'Fly: 22.43". swimnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  30. ^ "Men's 100 m butterfly results". Omega Timing. 1 August 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  31. ^ Lord, Craig (1 August 2009). "WR: 49.82 Phelps; Cavic On 49.95". swimnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  32. ^ "Men's 200 m butterfly results". Omega Timing. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009. 
  33. ^ Lord, Craig (29 July 2009). "WR: Phelps Answers With 1:51.51 200 'Fly". swimnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  34. ^ "Men's 200 m individual medley results". Omega Timing. 28 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  35. ^ "FINA World Championships, Swimming: Ryan Lochte Sets First Post Techsuit-Era World Record". Swimming World Magazine. 28 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  36. ^ "Men's 400 m individual medley final results" (PDF). The Official Report of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games (BOCOG) 4: 1300. 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  37. ^ Bishop, Greg (9 August 2008). "Phelps smashes world record to win gold". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 August 2008. 
  38. ^ "Men's 4×100 m freestyle relay final results" (PDF). The Official Report of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games (BOCOG) 4: 1303. 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  39. ^ Crouse, Karen (10 August 2008). "Lezak, Not Phelps, puts on a show". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 August 2008. 
  40. ^ "Men's 4×200 m freestyle relay final results". Omega Timing. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2009. 
  41. ^ Lord, Craig (31 July 2009). "WR: USA Takes 4x200m In 6:58.55". swimnews.com. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  42. ^ "Men's 4×100 m medley relay final results". Omega Timing. 2 August 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2009. 
  43. ^ Lord, Craig (2 August 2009). "WR: USA Medley Relay Guns A 3:27.28". swimnews.com. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  44. ^ "Women's 50 m freestyle final results". Omega Timing. 2 August 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  45. ^ Lord, Craig (2 August 2009). "WR: Steffen Hydrofoils To 23.73 Stunner". swimnews.com. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  46. ^ "Women's 100 m freestyle final results". Omega Timing. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  47. ^ Lord, Craig (31 July 2009). "WR: Steffen Speeds to 52.07 100 Free". swimnews.com. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  48. ^ Lord, Craig (29 July 2009). "WRs 20 & 21: Pellegrini And Van Der Burgh". swimnews.com. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  49. ^ "Women's 200 m freestyle final results". Omega Timing. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  50. ^ "Katie Ledecky Breaks 400 Freestyle World Record". Associated Press. 23 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  51. ^ "Katie Ledecky Smashes 800 Free World Record in Conroe, Texas". 22 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  52. ^ "Pan Pacific Championships: Day Four Finals Live Recap; Huge World Record for Katie Ledecky". Swimming World Magazine. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  53. ^ "Women's 50 m backstroke final results". Omega Timing. 30 July 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  54. ^ Lord, Craig (30 July 2009). "WR: Zhao Zips To A 27.06 50 Back Win". swimnews.com. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  55. ^ "Women's 100 m backstroke final results". Omega Timing. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  56. ^ Lord, Craig (28 July 2009). "WR: Spofforths Speeds To 58.12 100 Back". swimnews.com. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  57. ^ "Womens 200m Backstroke Results". www.london2012.com. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  58. ^ "15th FINA World championships 50m Breaststroke Women's Heats Results". Omega Timing. 3 August 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  59. ^ "15th FINA World championships 100m Breaststroke Women's Semifinal Results". Omega Timing. 29 July 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  60. ^ "15th FINA World championships 200m Breaststroke Women's Semifinal Results". Omega Timing. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  61. ^ "Sarah Sjostrom Smashes 25-Second Barrier With World Record in 50 Fly in Sweden". Swimming World Magazine. 5 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  62. ^ "2012 London Olympics: Dana Vollmer Clears 56-Second Barrier, Sets World Record in 100 Fly". Swimming World Magazine. 29 July 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  63. ^ Lord, Craig (21 October 2009). "Liu Zige Takes 200th Shiny Suits WR: 2:01 200 'Fly". swimnews.com. Retrieved 21 October 2009. 
  64. ^ "Women's 200 m individual medley final results". Omega Timing. 27 July 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  65. ^ Lord, Craig (27 July 2009). "WR: Kukors Cracks Out 2:06.15 200IM". swimnews.com. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  66. ^ "2012 London Olympics: China's Ye Shiwen Crushes World Record". Swimming World Magazine. 28 July 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  67. ^ "Flash! Commonwealth Games: Australia Breaks World Record in 400 Free Relay". Swimming World Magazine. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  68. ^ "Women's 4×200 m freestyle relay final results". Omega Timing. 30 July 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  69. ^ Lord, Craig (30 July 2009). "WR: CHN In Rome 2009: 7:42.08". swimnews.com. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  70. ^ "Swimming – Women's 4x100–Meter Medley Relay Live - London Olympics". Yahoo! Sports Philippines. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  71. ^ "Mixed 4×100m Freestyle Results". Swimming Australia. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  72. ^ "Mixed 4x100m Medley Results". Microplus Informatica. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  73. ^ "Florent Manaudou Stuns Crowd With Blazing 50 Free World Record at Worlds". Swimming World Magazine. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  74. ^ "Men's 100 m freestyle final results". Omega Timing. 13 December 2008. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  75. ^ Lord, Craig (13 December 2008). "100th WR of Year: Leveaux's 44.94 100 Free Bombshell". swimnews.com. Retrieved 14 December 2008. 
  76. ^ "Men's 200 m freestyle final results". Omega Timing. 15 November 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  77. ^ Lord, Craig (15 November 2009). "Phelps Produces Best Swim Of The Day". swimnews.com. Retrieved 14 December 2008. 
  78. ^ a b c d e "FINA/ARENA Swimming World Cup 2009, Berlin (GER): Full Results Book: Records Broken By Record Type". Omega Timing. 15 November 2009. p. 117. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 
  79. ^ "Flash! Yannick Agnel Downs World Record in 400 Free at French Nationals". Swimming World Magazine. 15 November 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  80. ^ "Grant Hackett Crushes 800 Free World Record Over Short Course". Swimming World Magazine. 19 July 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  81. ^ Lord, Craig; Hanson, Ian; Dennett, Belinda; Whitten, Phillip (7 August 2001). "Aussie Short Course Champs, Day 5: Another Stunning WR for Grant Hackett, Aussie 800 Relay Squad". Swimming World Magazine (Sports Publications International). Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  82. ^ "Men's 50m Backstroke Results". Omega Timing. 6 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  83. ^ "British Gas Duel in the Pool: United States Team vs European Select Team: December 18-19 - 2009 Manchester (GBR): Full Results Book: Records Broken By Record Type". Omega Timing. 19 December 2009. p. 32. Retrieved 25 December 2009. 
  84. ^ "Men's 200m Breaststroke Results". Omega Timing. 31 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  85. ^ "Men's 100m Butterfly Result". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  86. ^ "Men's 200m Butterfly Result". Omega Timing. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  87. ^ "Men's 100m IM Results". Omega Timing. 7 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  88. ^ -Ryan-Lochte-Crushes-1:50-Barrier-in-200-IM-for-World-Record "Flash! Ryan Lochte Crushes 1:50 Barrier in 200 IM for World Record". Swimming World Magazine. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  89. ^ "Men's 400m IM Results". Omega Timing. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  90. ^ "Men's 4×50m Freestyle Relay Results". Omega Timing. 6 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  91. ^ "4x50 m Freestyle - Men Preliminary" (PDF). Omega Timing. Omega SA. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  92. ^ "Men's 4x200m Freestyle Relay Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. Omega SA. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  93. ^ "Men's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  94. ^ "Salnikov Cup: Russian Foursome Breaks World Record". Swimming World Magazine. 20 December 2009. Retrieved 25 December 2009. 
  95. ^ "Women's 50m Freestyle Result". Omega Timing. 7 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  96. ^ "Three WRs fall at short course champs". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 11 August 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  97. ^ "Women's 200m Freestyle Results". Omega Timing. 7 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  98. ^ "Women's 400m Freestyle Result". Omega Timing. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  99. ^ "Women's 800m Freestyle Result". Omega Timing. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  100. ^ "Swimmer Mireia Belmonte sets new world record". www.as.com. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  101. ^ "Women's 50m Backstroke Results". Omega Timing. 7 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  102. ^ "Women's 100m Backstroke Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  103. ^ "Women's 200m Backstroke Results". Omega Timing. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  104. ^ "Results Women's 50m Breaststroke". OmegaTiming.com. 2009-11-11. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  105. ^ "Women's 100m Breaststroke Result". Omega Timing. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  106. ^ "Women's 100m Breaststroke Results". Omega Timing. 6 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  107. ^ Lord, Craig (22 November 2009). "World Cup Farce Ends With 3 More 'WRs'". SwimNews.com. Retrieved 22 November 2009. 
  108. ^ "Women's 100m Butterfly Results". Omega Timing. 7 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  109. ^ "Women's 200m Butterfly Results". Omega Timing. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  110. ^ "Women's 100m Individual Medley Results". Omega Timing. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  111. ^ "Women's 200m IM Results". Omega Timing. 6 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  112. ^ "Women's 400m IM Results". Omega Timing. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  113. ^ "Women's 4×50m Freestyle Relay Results". Omega Timing. 7 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  114. ^ "Women's 4×100m Freestyle Relay Results". Omega Timing. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  115. ^ "Women's 4×200m Freestyle Relay Results". Omega Timing. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  116. ^ "Women's 4×50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  117. ^ "Duel in the Pool: World Record Opens Night One". Swimming World Magazine. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  118. ^ "Women's 4x100m Medley Relay Result". Omega Timing. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011. 
  119. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Freestyle Relay Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  120. ^ "Duel in the Pool: Team USA Uses World Record in Tiebreaker Mixed Relay to Win 132-131". Swimming World Magazine. 21 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 

External links[edit]