^Difficult to determine, as it is used to write a very large number of languages with sizeable fluctuations of literacy rates among them.
^Based on sum of 1.335 billion PRC citizens with a 92% literacy rate (1.22 billion), and 120 million Japanese Kanji users with a near-100% literacy rate.
^Hanja has been banned in North Korea and is increasingly being phased out in South Korea. It is mainly used in official documents to identify Chinese roots to Korean words.
^Based on a population of about 420 million speakers and a 74% literacy rate in India; a population of 26.5 million, 90% of whom use a Devanagari-using language, and a 66% literacy rate. Diaspora populations not monitored for fluency in native languages, and thus not taken into account.
^Based on a population of 150 million with a 60% literacy rate (Bangladesh); a population of 91 million with a 77% literacy rate (West Bengal); a population of 82 million speaking East Nagari-using languages in Assam with a 73.18 literacy rate; 10 million speakers in surrounding regions with a regional average of 73% literacy rate. Diaspora populations not monitored for fluency in native languages, and thus not taken into account.
^Based on Japanese population of roughly 120 million and a literacy rate near 100%.
^Since around 1945 Javanese script has largely been supplanted by Latin script to write Javanese
^Excluding figures related to North Korea, which does not publish literacy rates.
^Tamil Nadu has an estimated 80% literacy rate and about 72 million Tamil speakers.