List of National Coordinate Reference Systems

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The list of national Coordinate Reference systems (or list of official geographic projections, ...) lists geographic projections officially recommended for existing countries. Given that each geographic projection of a country and its spheric reality onto a plane surface generate specific and well known distances, shapes, areas deformations, each country needs are different in order to reduce these distortions. Also, each country, in order to represent its geographic space, need to choose a suitable, low distortion geographic projection. These national projections, or national Coordinate Reference Systems are officially announced by the relevant national agencies. The list below is a collection of available official national Coordinate Reference systems.

For Europe, recommendation are available for each country (Annoni & al. 2001:43-44), as well as for the European Union of 15, of 27, and of the larger geographic Europe (Annoni & al. 2001:16). The most important project collecting geographic projections is the EPSG Geodetic Parameter Dataset project including about 4.000 subjects and associated suitable projections, with notorious projections for all major countries. These projections and frames are publicly available online on various sites.[1]

Table[edit]

Countries[edit]

Author Projection name Code name (EPSG) Area of interest
 ? Lambert-93.[2] Metropolitan France
 ? Lambert Conformal Conic SR-ORG:7408[3][4] Mainland China & Taiwan
Hellenic Geodetic Reference System 1987 Greece
Ordnance Survey National Grid Great Britain
Iraq National Grid EPSG:3893 Iraq[5]
Irish grid reference system Ireland
Israeli Transverse Mercator Israel
Swedish grid Sweden
CH1903 Switzerland
United States National Grid United States

Supra national areas[edit]

Author Projection name Code name (EPSG) Area of interest
National Geographic Winkel tripel projection[6][7] World
(QGis) Equirectangular, aka "lat/long WGS84 lat/lon (EPSG:4326) World

Source[edit]

  1. ^ http://spatialreference.org/ref/
  2. ^ décret du 26 décembre 2000
  3. ^ Cheng, Pengfei; Wen, Hanjiang; Cheng, Yingyan, China Geodetic Coordinate System 2000 (in 18th United Nations Regional Cartographic Conference for Asia and the Pacific (2009)), Beijing, China: Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping .
  4. ^ other resource on China: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/china/admin/bnd90/bnd90desc.html
  5. ^ epsg.io, georepository.com
  6. ^ "Winkel Tripel Projections". Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Winkel tripel projection". Retrieved 27 December 2012.