Listed buildings in Southampton

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In total there are 317[1] listed buildings in the city of Southampton, of which 13 are Grade I, 20 are Grade II* and the remainder Grade II.

Key[edit]

Grade Criteria [2]
Grade I Buildings of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* Particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II Buildings of national importance and special interest.

Listed buildings[edit]

Name Photograph Grade Date Location[A] Description[B] Link to English Heritage database[C] Link to Images of England database[D] Link to British Listed Buildings database[E]
Bargate, The The Bargate Bargate from the south side I ca. 1180 SU4189311700
50°54′10″N 1°24′15″W / 50.9027°N 1.40415°W / 50.9027; -1.40415 (Bargate)
The Bargate was built as a town gateway with Guildhall at first floor level. Further alterations were made to the building around 1290, when large drum towers were added to the north side, with arrow slit windows. A two-storey extension was made to the south side towards the end of the thirteenth century, with four windows lighting the upstairs room. In the middle of the four windows is a statue of George III in Roman dress. The embattled north front was added to the building around 1400. The Bargate was separated from the adjoining town walls in the 1930s. This is one of the finest town gateways in England and is scheduled as an ancient monument. [1] [2] [3]
Canute's Palace Canute's Palace I late 12th century SU4194811002
50°53′49″N 1°24′18″W / 50.8970°N 1.40490°W / 50.8970; -1.40490 (Canute's Palace)
The remains of a two storey merchant's house of upper hall-house type, which may have been used as a counting-house. Little now remains other than the exterior walls. Scheduled as an ancient monument. [4] [5] [6]
King John's Palace King John's Palace I ca. 1170 SU4182211285
50°53′58″N 1°24′24″W / 50.8995°N 1.4068°W / 50.8995; -1.4068 (King John's Palace)
Remains of a merchant's house which originally stood on the quayside. The west wall was incorporated in the city defences after the French raid of 1338. This house is one of the most complete of the larger 12th century town houses surviving in the country. Scheduled as an ancient monument. The building is misnamed as historians originally believed that King John stayed in the building in the early 1300s.[3] [7] [8] [9]
Medieval Merchant's House Medieval Merchant's House I late 13th or early 14th century SU4191711180
50°53′55″N 1°24′19″W / 50.8986°N 1.4053°W / 50.8986; -1.4053 (Medieval Merchant's House)
Merchant's house with shop with galleried interior. Also known as 58 French Street, this is claimed to be the earliest complete mediaeval house surviving in England. Scheduled as an ancient monument. [10] [11] [12]
St. Julien's Church St. Julien's Church I ca. 1190 SU4204110951
50°53′47″N 1°24′13″W / 50.8965°N 1.4036°W / 50.8965; -1.4036 (St. Julien's Church)
This was the chapel of the Hospital of St. Julien or God's House which was founded circa 1185 as an almshouse and hostel for travellers on pilgrimage to Canterbury. It was used regularly by French Protestants from the 16th century until 1939 and is thus also known as the French Church. [13] [14] [15]
St. Mary's Church, South Stoneham St. Mary's Church, South Stoneham I 12th century SU4398815419
50°56′11″N 1°22′31″W / 50.9365°N 1.3753°W / 50.9365; -1.3753 (St. Mary's Church, South Stoneham)
One of the two remaining medieval churches in the city. Parts of the building date from the Norman period and the chancel arch is 12th century. The church lies in a secluded position off Wessex Lane, near the north-eastern edge of Southampton and is almost hidden in the Southampton University accommodation campus. [16] [17] [18]
St. Michael's Church St.  Michael's Church I ca. 1070 SU4192711291
50°53′59″N 1°24′18″W / 50.8996°N 1.4051°W / 50.8996; -1.4051 (St. Michael's Church)
The oldest building still in use in the city and the only church still active of the five originally in the medieval walled town. Underneath the church in the north-west corner is a late mediaeval vault which is a scheduled ancient monument. [19] [20] [21]
Town Walls: Northern section Southampton Town Walls: Northern section I 14th century SU4209211627
50°54′09″N 1°24′10″W / 50.9026°N 1.4028°W / 50.9026; -1.4028 (Southampton Town Walls: Northern section)
Section of wall running west from Polymond Tower to remains of semi-circular tower to east of Bargate. The wall is scheduled as an ancient monument. [22] [23] [24]
Town Walls: North-western section Southampton Town Walls:  North-western section I 14th century SU4186411591
50°54′08″N 1°24′22″W / 50.9023°N 1.4061°W / 50.9023; -1.4061 (Southampton Town Walls: North-western section)
Section of wall running west from Bargate to Arundel Tower and then south to point just south of Castle Water Gate. It includes Arundel Tower, Catchcold Tower, Garderobe Tower, The 40 Steps, Castle Water Gate and Castle Vault. Scheduled as an ancient monument. [25] [26] [27]
Town Walls: South-eastern section Southampton Town Walls: South-eastern section I 14th century SU4209610976
50°53′48″N 1°24′10″W / 50.8967°N 1.4028°W / 50.8967; -1.4028 (Southampton Town Walls: South-eastern section)
Section of wall running north from God's House along back of the Walls to Round Tower, incorporating a 13th-century half drum tower. Scheduled as an ancient monument. [28] [29] [30]
Town Walls: Western section Southampton Town Walls: Western section I 14th century SU4180511253
50°53′57″N 1°24′25″W / 50.8993°N 1.4069°W / 50.8993; -1.4069 (Southampton Town Walls: Western section)
Sections of Mediaeval City Wall running south along Western Esplanade from south-west corner of Simnel Street to University Air Squadron Headquarters at south end of Bugle Street. Includes The Arcades, The West Gate, Blue Anchor Postern and Biddles Gate. Scheduled as an ancient monument. [31] [32] [33]
Tudor House Tudor House I 14th century SU4186911290
50°53′59″N 1°24′22″W / 50.8996°N 1.4060°W / 50.8996; -1.4060 (Tudor House)
Late Mediaeval town house, built in its present form mainly by Sir John Dawtrey at some time between 1491 and 1518, but incorporating a banqueting hall built a hundred years earlier. Now open to the public as the "Tudor House Museum".[4] [5] Scheduled as an ancient monument. [34] [35] [36]
Wool House, TheThe Wool House The Wool House I late 14th century SU4186411064
50°53′51″N 1°24′22″W / 50.8975°N 1.4061°W / 50.8975; -1.4061 (The Wool House)
This was built, after the French raid of 1338, by Cistercian Monks as a storehouse for wool to be exported to Europe. It is the only surviving freestanding mediaeval warehouse in Southampton. Scheduled as an ancient monument. Until 2011, this was the home of the Southampton Maritime Museum. [37] [38] [39]
Bugle Street, 11 & 1311 & 13 Bugle Street II* mid 18th century SU4184711128
50°53′53″N 1°24′23″W / 50.8981°N 1.4063°W / 50.8981; -1.4063 (11 & 13 Bugle Street)
This is a fine example of a mid 18th century house. It has five sash windows with stone cills. The central door is in a deep recess with a stone surround of Doric columns with an entablature having a triglyph frieze and pediment over. [40] [41] [42]
Bugle Street, 4949 Bugle Street II* 17th century SU4186211237
50°53′57″N 1°24′22″W / 50.89907°N 1.4061°W / 50.89907; -1.4061 (49 Bugle Street)
This house was originally built in the 17th century but rebuilt in the 18th century. It has three storeys and a basement. The exterior brickwork is painted and it has a curved Dutch gable. The six panelled door has an architrave surround. [43] [44] [45]
Bugle Street, 5353 Bugle Street 53 Bugle Street II* early 19th century SU4186211249
50°53′57″N 1°24′22″W / 50.8992°N 1.4061°W / 50.8992; -1.4061 (53 Bugle Street)
"Bugle House", formerly "The Vicarage", is built of yellow brick and has three storeys, attics and a basement. At the top it has a three light semi-circular window to attic storey. The porch has Doric columns and pilasters with a frieze with Greek key pattern and moulded cornice. The interior has a contemporary curved staircase with cast iron balusters, cornices and good door surrounds with female masks in the corners. It is now occupied by the Southampton & Fareham Chamber of Commerce.[6] [46] [47] [48]
Cenotaph, TheThe Cenotaph The Cenotaph, Southampton II* 1919 SU4191312412
50°54′35″N 1°24′19″W / 50.9097°N 1.4052°W / 50.9097; -1.4052 (The Cenotaph)
Designed by Edwin Lutyens and erected to commemorate those who died in the First World War. The cenotaph is in the form of a five-tier tapering stone pylon to a platform topped with a stone sarcophagus, on which is draped a recumbent effigy of a dead soldier. Flanking it to the west is a stone of remembrance and to the north and south flush with the eastern face, two shorter single-tier pillars surmounted by fir cones (symbols of eternity); the latter being joined to the pylon by a seat and a wall. [49] [50] [51]
Chapel Mills American Wharf building II* 1781 SU4285711596
50°54′06″N 1°23′26″W / 50.9017°N 1.39045°W / 50.9017; -1.39045 (Chapel Mills)
Chapel Mills was the third steam mill constructed in England, but is today the last early generation steam mill of its kind in the country. It supplied the Royal Navy with ships' biscuits during the American War of Independence and the Napoleonic Wars. Today, with the steam mill, bakehouse and grain store still intact, it is the last example standing. It is currently being converted into housing and office units.[7] [52] [53] [54]
Civic Centre Southampton Civic Centre II* 1928–1939 SU4182512229
50°54′29″N 1°24′23″W / 50.9080°N 1.4065°W / 50.9080; -1.4065 (Civic Centre)
Designed by Ernest Berry Webber, the Civic Centre comprises four buildings with their facades facing outwards, all in a classical style, faced in Portland stone. At the centre, facing east, is the Guildhall which comprises a large gabled public assembly hall with a flat-roofed entrance hall with an Ionic portico. The southern block, which houses the municipal offices, has a pedimented centrepiece with the entrance within a tall arched recess above which is the City's Arms. On both sides there are lower wings which form a shallow courtyard. The northern block, which contains the Art Gallery and Central Library, mirrors that on the south comprising a centrepiece with flanking wings and side blocks to form a courtyard. The western block, which formerly house the Police headquarters and Law Courts, has its entrance in an arched recess, flanked by two-storey wings. The whole edifice is surmounted by the tall, gently tapering clock tower which has an open bell stage and low pyramidal roof. [55] [56] [57]
Dolphin Hotel Dolphin Hotel, Southampton II* ca. 1760 SU4203511352
50°54′00″N 1°24′13″W / 50.9001°N 1.4036°W / 50.9001; -1.4036 (Dolphin Hotel)
Although most of the present structure was built in the mid 18th century, there had been an inn on this site for several hundred years before then. There are some 16th century buildings in the hotel courtyard and the hotel was a well-established coaching inn in the 17th century.[8] The main building is built of red brick with a rusticated stuccoed ground floor; there are two large bow windows at first and second floor levels either side of the central arched opening to the courtyard. Above the arch is a railed balcony. The first floor dining room has features from the 18th century, including a pair of carved stone fireplaces "in the manner of Henry Cheere". The hotel is now part of the Mercure Hotels group.[9] [58] [59] [60]
Holyrood Church Holyrood Church II* 1320 SU4204511300
50°53′59″N 1°24′13″W / 50.8997°N 1.4035°W / 50.8997; -1.4035 (Holyrood Church)
Holyrood Church was one of the original five churches serving the old walled town. The church was destroyed by enemy bombing during the blitz in November 1940. In 1957 the shell of the church was dedicated as a memorial to the sailors of the Merchant Navy. Following the destruction during the blitz, the only parts of the church still standing are the tower at the south-western corner and the chancel at the eastern end, together with large parts of the north walls. The wooden spire was lost as was the great west window, whilst the central area of the church was completely destroyed. [61] [62] [63]
Jesus Chapel ("St. Mary Extra") Jesus Chapel II* 1620 SU4409311799
50°54′14″N 1°22′27″W / 50.9040°N 1.3743°W / 50.9040; -1.3743 (Jesus Chapel)
The church was built to serve that part of the parish of St. Mary, Southampton ("St. Mary Extra") which lay on the south side of the River Itchen. It was the first church to be consecrated in Southampton after the Reformation. The church was extensively rebuilt throughout the 19th century, with the addition of a west porch and south transept (1822), a north aisle (1846), an east aisle (1866) and a new chancel and south chapel (1883). The only part of the original building remaining is the centre west gable crowned by a small gabled bell turret with one bell. [64] [65] [66]
National Provincial Bank National Provincial Bank II* 1867 SU4200011296
50°53′59″N 1°24′15″W / 50.8996°N 1.4041°W / 50.8996; -1.4041 (National Provincial Bank)
The former premises of the National Provincial Bank, situated in the High Street, opposite Holyrood Church, were designed by John Gibson in the Italianate style. The facade has a round-headed recessed entrance flanked by Ionic columns supporting entablature hood on scroll brackets with large sculptured coat of arms above incorporating statuary of female figures, lions and swags. The interior has an entrance foyer with a round-arched coffered ceiling and massive composite columns. Until June 2011, the premises were occupied by the NV restaurant. This closed in financial difficulties[10] and was briefly re-opened as the 129 Club,[11] before becoming The Treasury restaurant and dining venue.[12] [67] [68] [69]
Old Farm House, TheThe Old Farm House II* 1611 SU4280612986
50°54′53″N 1°23′33″W / 50.9148°N 1.3925°W / 50.9148; -1.3925 (Old Farm House)
The present building is dated 1611, but the core is older. There was a grange of St. Denys Priory on the site in the Middle Ages. The Southampton map of 1560 shows a farmhouse on the site. Today, the pub is operated by the Hungry Horse group.[13] [70] [71] [72]
Red Lion Inn Red Lion Inn, Southampton II* late 15th and early 16th century SU4204511222
50°53′56″N 1°24′13″W / 50.89893°N 1.4037°W / 50.89893; -1.4037 (Red Lion Inn)
The present facade is a 20th-century pastiche, but behind this is a well preserved late mediaeval timber-framed hall house. The west part, of two storeys and gabled attic, probably represents the original solar. Behind is the very high hall of three bays long which rises the whole height of the building. Below the hall is a mediaeval vault, probably remaining from an earlier house on the site, reputed to be the "Court room" where the intending assassins of Henry V were tried in 1415. The inn is reputed to be haunted by more than twenty ghosts.[14] [73] [74] [75]
Redbridge Bridge Redbridge Bridge II* 17th century SU3699513713
50°55′18″N 1°28′30″W / 50.9217°N 1.4750°W / 50.9217; -1.4750 (Redbridge Bridge)
This bridge crosses the River Test on the western edge of city. The present structure was built in the 17th century on the site of an earlier bridge and is of mediaeval type. It has five semi-circular arches with double archings and cut-waters on the downstream side and a solid parapet. [76] [77] [78]
South Stoneham House South Stoneham House II* 1708 SU4387115433
50°56′12″N 1°22′37″W / 50.9367°N 1.3770°W / 50.9367; -1.3770 (South Stoneham House)
This was the family home of Edmund Dummer, the former Surveyor of the Navy, and has been attributed to Nicholas Hawksmoor,[15] while its gardens were laid out after 1722 by Capability Brown[16] (although very little of the original landscaping remains). It is now occupied by the University of Southampton as a hall of residence. [79] [80] [81]
Southampton Castle wall Southampton Castle wall II* late 14th century SU4190811513
50°54′06″N 1°24′19″W / 50.9016°N 1.4054°W / 50.9016; -1.4054 (Southampton Castle wall)
Remains of the drum towers flanking the principal gateway to Southampton's Mediaeval Castle. These twin drum towers were added to the defensive bailey wall of the Royal Castle. Stone rubble walls to a height of nearly 20 ft with several arches, some now blocked. Scheduled as an ancient monument. [82] [83] [84]
Star Hotel Star Hotel, Southampton II* pre-1800 SU4203011425
50°54′03″N 1°24′13″W / 50.9008°N 1.4037°W / 50.9008; -1.4037 (Star Hotel)
This former coaching inn was built in the late 18th century. The lower three storeys are probably pre-1800 with the fourth storey added in the 1830s. The roof is concealed by a ball moulded balustrade at roof level with central Royal Arms in colour. The inscription to left of central arch on a stone reads "Coach to London (Sundays excepted) Alresford, Alton performs 10 hours". [85] [86] [87]
Terminus House Terminus House II* 1839–1840 SU4253511101
50°53′52″N 1°23′47″W / 50.8978°N 1.3965°W / 50.8978; -1.3965 (Terminus House)
This was Southampton's original station and is one of the earliest surviving pieces of railway architecture of any scale in England. Only the facade and shell of the central building are original. The main building is in the Italianate style and was designed by Sir William Tite. Now used as a casino, operated by the Genting Group.[17] [88] [89] [90]
Tudor Merchant's Hall The Tudor Merchants Hall (l) and the West Gate (r) II* early 15th century SU4179311209
50°53′56″N 1°24′26″W / 50.8989°N 1.4071°W / 50.8989; -1.4071 (Tudor Merchants Hall)
Now known as Westgate Hall. Built before 1428, this building originally stood in St Michael's Square. The upper floors were used as the town Woollen Cloth Hall and the open arcaded ground floor as the Fishmarket. By the 17th century it had become derelict and was sold for re-erection on the present site as a warehouse, at which time the arcaded ground floor was filled in. Now available for hire as a venue for civil marriages, wedding receptions, private parties, concerts, lectures, meetings and conferences.[18] [91] [92] [93]
Undercroft, TheThe Undercroft The Undercroft II* early 14th century SU4188911352
50°54′00″N 1°24′21″W / 50.9001°N 1.4057°W / 50.9001; -1.4057 (The Undercroft)
A ground floor room or undercroft of a mediaeval house thought to have been built by a stonemason from Beaulieu Abbey. The undercroft was originally a shop and there was living accommodation above. Two intersecting quadripartite rib vaults with two fine bosses one probably a Head of Christ, the other a female head. This undercroft is the most elaborate of the surviving stone vaulted undercrofts of Southampton. Scheduled as an ancient monument. [94] [95] [96]
Weigh House , TheThe Weigh House Weigh House, Southampton II* mid 13th and 15th centuries SU4192811108
50°53′52″N 1°24′19″W / 50.8979°N 1.4052°W / 50.8979; -1.4052 (Weigh House)
The shell of a mediaeval building which probably originally housed the king's weigh beam. It is mentioned in 1454 as the Paysage House of the Earl of Warwick. Scheduled as an ancient monument. [97] [98] [99]

Notes[edit]

  • A Location is given first as a grid reference, based on the British national grid reference system (or OSGB36) of the Ordnance Survey;[19] and second as World Geodetic System 84coordinates, used by the Global Positioning System.
  • B Unless otherwise stated, the descriptions are based on those on the English Heritage database.
  • C The English Heritage database is the official listing and includes a description of the property, the reasons for designation, the date of listing and an extract from the Ordnance Survey map at a scale of 1:2500 pinpointing the exact location of the building.
  • D The Images of England database includes the details of the property from the English Heritage database with a photograph of the listed building.
  • E The British Listed Buildings database also includes the details of the property from the English Heritage database, together with links to Google/street view, Ordnance Survey and Bing maps/birds eye view.

Grade II listed buildings[edit]

These are listed separately:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Calculated from a count of the entries on Southampton City Council's "Listed Buildings in Southampton" dated 9 January 2012, with duplicate entries eliminated.
  2. ^ Listed Buildings, English Heritage, 2010, retrieved 5 February 2012 
  3. ^ "History of King Johns Palace". Tudor House and Garden. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Tudor House and Garden". Museums and Galleries. Southampton City Council. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "Tudor House and Garden". Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Contact us". Hampshire Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  7. ^ "Chapel Mills set for conversion despite appearing on Heritage At Risk list". Southampton Echo. 19 October 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  8. ^ Simpson, Jake. "The Dolphin". Southampton Local Historian. Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "Mercure Southampton Centre Dolphin Hotel - a brief history". Mercure Group. Retrieved 12 February 2012. 
  10. ^ Russell, Tara (6 June 2011). "Mystery after NV restaurant in Southampton shuts suddenly". Southampton Echo. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  11. ^ Russell, Tara (19 July 2011). "Former NV restaurant in Southampton to reopen as Club 129". Southampton Echo. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  12. ^ "About us". The Treasury, Southampton. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "Welcome To Hungry Horse - The Old Farmhouse, Southampton". Hungry Horse. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  14. ^ "Welcome to The Red Lion Southampton". The Red Lion, Southampton. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  15. ^ "South Stoneham House". The Willis Fleming Historical Trust. Retrieved 1 November 2009. 
  16. ^ The Times, 13 Jun 1804
  17. ^ "Welcome to Genting Club Terminus Terrace". Genting Casinos. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  18. ^ "Westgate Hall". Museums and Galleries. Southampton City Council. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  19. ^ Guide to National Grid, Ordnance Survey, retrieved 5 February 2012 

Sources[edit]