Lister Medal

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Graeme Clark (right) receiving the 2010 Lister Medal from John Black (left), the President of the Royal College of Surgeons of England

The Lister Medal is an award presented by the Royal College of Surgeons of England in recognition of contributions to surgical science. It is named after the English surgeon Joseph Lister (1827-1912), whose work on antiseptics established the basis of modern sterile surgery.

The medal has its origins in the Lister Memorial Fund, started by the Royal Society, which was raised by public subscription after Lister's death, with the object of creating a lasting mark of respect to his memory. In 1920, the Royal College of Surgeons of England became the trustees and administrators of the fund. They were entrusted with the task of awarding a monetary prize and a bronze medal (gold since 1984) every three years, irrespective of nationality, to those who had made outstanding contributions to surgical science. The triennial award is decided by a committee representing the Royal Society, the Royal College of Surgeons of England, the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, the University of Edinburgh, and the University of Glasgow.

The Lister Medal, although it is not always awarded to a surgeon, is one of the most prestigious honours a surgeon can receive. The obverse of the medal consists of a representation of a bust of Lord Lister. The reverse side has the recipient's name across centre, and around the edge of the medal is text naming the award along with the dedication:

FOR DISTINGUISHED CONTRIBUTIONS TO SURGICAL SCIENCE

On the occasion of the award, the medallist delivers the Lister Oration (sometimes called the "Lister Memorial Lecture"). The first award was announced in 1924, with the presentation and the lecture taking place the following year. The most recent award was made in 2010, with a total of 26 people having received the medal to date.

Medallists[edit]

Year Medallist Date of lecture Title of lecture Notes
1924 William Watson Cheyne[1] 14 May 1925 'Lister and his Achievement' [nb 1]
1927 Anton Eiselsberg[2] 7 July 1927 [Reported under various titles - see notes] [nb 2]
1930 Harvey Williams Cushing[3] 9 July 1930 'Neurohypophysial mechanisms from a clinical standpoint'
1933 Charles Alfred Ballance[4] 5 April 1933 'On Nerve Surgery' [nb 3]
1936 Robert Muir[5] 7 April 1936 'Malignancy with illustrations from the pathology of the mamma'
1939 René Leriche[6] 5 April 1939 'The Listerian Idea in the Year 1939'
1942 Evarts Ambrose Graham[7] 25 September 1947 'Some Aspects of Bronchiogenic Carcinoma'
1945 Howard Florey[8] 11 October 1945 'The Use of Micro-organisms for Therapeutic Purposes' [nb 4]
1948 Geoffrey Jefferson[9] 9 June 1949 'The Mind of Mechanical Man' [nb 5]
1951 James Rognvald Learmonth[10] 4 April 1952 'After Fifty-Six Years'
1954 Victor Ewings Negus[11] 5 April 1955 'The Comparative Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory Tract in Relation to Clinical Problems' [nb 6]
1957 William Stewart Duke-Elder[12] 28 March 1958 'The Emergence of Vision in the Animal World' [nb 7]
1960 Wilder Graves Penfield[13] 27 April 1961 'Activation of the Record of Human Experience' [nb 8]
1963 Charles Frederick William Illingworth[14] 9 April 1964 'On the Interdependence of Science and the Healing Art' [nb 9]
1966 Russell Claude Brock[15] 4 April 1967 'Surgery and Lister' [nb 10]
1969 Michael Francis Addison Woodruff[16] 8 April 1970 'Biological aspects of individuality' [nb 11]
1972 John Webster Kirklin[17] 11 April 1973 'An Academic Surgeon's Work' [nb 12]
1975 John Charnley[18] 26 May 1976 'Aspects of total asepsis in the operating room with special reference to clean air systems' [nb 13]
1978 Francis Daniels Moore[19] 23 May 1979 'Science and service' [nb 14]
1981 John Cedric Goligher[20] 6 April 1983 'The Skeptical Chirurgeon' [nb 15]
1984 Roy Yorke Calne[21] 21 May 1985 'Organ transplantation: from laboratory to clinic' [nb 16]
1987 Patrick Forrest[22] 7 April 1988 'Breast cancer: 121 years on' [nb 17]
1990 Harold Horace Hopkins[23] 11 April 1991 'The development of the modern endoscopes - present and future prospects' [nb 18]
1994 Norman Edward Shumway[24] 'Transplantation of the heart'
1997 Peter John Morris[25] 10 September 1998 'Kidney transplantation: a remarkable story of science and surgery'
2010 Graeme Clark[26] 4 November 2010 'What can electrical stimulation with a cochlear implant tell us about Brain Function and Human Consciousness?' [nb 19]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See also: Memorial Lecture 'On Lister's Great Achievement' (report published in The Lancet, in the issue of 16 May 1925). This was followed by the more substantial publication of the lecture in book form.
  2. ^ See also: 'The Lister Medallist' (report published in The Lancet, in the issue of 16 July 1927) and Lister: A Continental Appreciation (report published in the British Medical Journal, in the issue of 16 July 1927).
  3. ^ See also: 'Lister and his Time' (abstract published in The Lancet, in the issue of 15 April 1933). This was followed by the more substantial publication of the lecture in book form.
  4. ^ Florey's award was made "for the outstanding importance to surgical science of his work on penicillin and its application".
  5. ^ Jefferson's award was made for his "knowledge of the functions and structure of the nervous system, made as a philosophical biologist, practising neurosurgery".
  6. ^ Negus's award was made in recognition of "services to the advancement of knowledge in the surgery of the nose and throat by means of his researches into the comparative anatomy and physiology of the larynx and paranasal sinuses".
  7. ^ Duke-Elder's award was made "in recognition of his services to the advancement of knowledge by means of his researches and writings in ophthalmic medicine and surgery".
  8. ^ Penfield's award was made "in recognition of his service to the advancement of medical and biological knowledge, especially in the fields of neurology, surgical neurology, and psychology; and equally as humane surgical healer and as scientific researcher".
  9. ^ Illingworth's's award was made "for his devotion to surgical science over a long period; and in particular for his contributions to knowledge of jaundice and diseases of the biliary tract, of peptic ulcer, and of the endocrine aspects of the treatment of cancer; and for his perception of the importance of the use of oxygen in treatment under hyperbaric conditions as a field for physiological research".
  10. ^ Brock's award was made "for his distinguished contributions to the surgery of the heart and lungs; and in particular his elucidation of the broncho-pulmonary segments which inspired the segmental surgery of the lung, and to his pioneer work on the correction of valvular derangements of the heart, and the use of hypothermia in cardiac surgery".
  11. ^ Woodruff's award was made "for his continuing development of experimental and laboratory endeavour in transplantation immunology and the application of the scientific principles emerging from his work to the practice of transplantation surgery".
  12. ^ Kirklin's award was made "in recognition of his work in the development of open-heart surgery and his ability in organizing a department of surgery".
  13. ^ Charnley's award was made "for his original and distinguished contributions, both scientific and technical, in the development of total joint replacement". The lecture title was variously announced as 'The origins of post-operative sepsis in elective surgery' and 'Aspects of total asepsis in the operating room with special reference to clean air systems'. The latter title is given on page 255 of John Charnley: the man and the hip (1990, Springer-Verlag), by William Waugh, who reports that the lecture was not published.
  14. ^ Moore's award was made "for his original and distinguished contributions, both scientific and clinical, to the study and application of metabolic care of the severely ill patient".
  15. ^ Goligher's award was made "for his original and distinguished contributions to clinical surgery, which have been influential throughout the field of gastrointestinal surgery but especially in the treatment of colorectal carcinoma and ulcerative colitis".
  16. ^ Calne's award was made "in recognition of [...] distinguished contributions to transplantation surgery over the past 25 years, during which period he has been a pioneer in this field. He introduced the first successful use of chemical immunosuppression, initiated one of the earliest renal transplant programmes in the United Kingdom, has pioneered the first European clinical liver grafting programme [...] and has introduced cyclosporin as an effective immunosuppressive agent."
  17. ^ Forrest's award was made "in recognition of his outstanding contribution to surgical science, particularly in the field of breast cancer".
  18. ^ Hopkins' award was made "in recognition of his contribution in the field of fibreoptics and its applications". The theme of his lecture followed that of a paper he published a decade earlier in 1980: 'The development of the modern endoscope'.
  19. ^ Clark's award was made "in recognition of his contribution to surgical science" relating to his research on "the multi-channel cochlear implant".

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lister Medal, Br Med J. 1924 July 19; 2(3316): 133.
  2. ^ Lister Medal, Br Med J. 1926 October 23; 2(3433): 746.
  3. ^ Lister Memorial Lecture, Br Med J. 1930 July 19; 2(3628): 123.
  4. ^ Royal College of Surgeons of England, Br Med J. 1932 May 21; 1(3724): 961.
  5. ^ Lister Medal, Br Med J. 1935 May 25; 1(3881): 1082.
  6. ^ Lister Medal, Br Med J. 1938 May 28; 1(4038): 1166.
  7. ^ Lister Medal, Br Med J. 1941 October 25; 2(4216): 588.
  8. ^ Lister Medal, Br Med J. 1945 May 26; 1(4403): 754–755.
  9. ^ Lister Medal, Br Med J. 1948 July 24; 2(4568): 213.
  10. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1951 May; 8(5): 353.
  11. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1954 September; 15(3): 173.
  12. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1956 November; 19(5): 330.
  13. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1961 January; 28(1): 15.
  14. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1963 November; 33(5): 281.
  15. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1965 December; 37(6): 391.
  16. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1969 August; 45(2): 127.
  17. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1972 June; 50(6): 382.
  18. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1975 June; 56(6): 339-340.
  19. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1978 July; 60(4): 355.
  20. ^ Lister Medal, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1981 May; 63(3): 223.
  21. ^ Lister Medal, 1984, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1984 July; 66(4): supplement: College and Faculty Bulletin, page 7.
  22. ^ College and Faculty News, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1987 July; 69(4): supplement: College and Faculty Bulletin, page 3.
  23. ^ Lister Medal and Oration, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1991 March; 73(2): supplement: College and Faculty Bulletin, page 33.
  24. ^ The names and dates of the medallists for the 1994 and 1997 awards, and the long gap until the next award in 2010, is sourced from the following Word document: Fellowship Election and Prize Committee Regulations and Procedures (11/10/2010). This document is available from: Membership of the College (RCSE website), accessed 1 February 2011. The list of recent medallists forms part of the details of the Lister Medal (section 16, page 32).
  25. ^ 'Lister Oration', College and Faculty Bulletin (published by the Royal College of Surgeons of England), Volume 79, Number 5 (September 1997), p.216.
  26. ^ Cochlear implant pioneer wins surgical award, press release on Royal College of Surgeons of England website, dated 2 November 2010, accessed 1 February 2011

External links[edit]