Litchfield Historic District

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This article focuses on the National Historic Landmark historic district. For the larger historic district, also called Litchfield Historic District, that includes the NHL district and is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a local historic district, see Litchfield (borough), Connecticut.
Litchfield Historic District
A white building with a pointed clock tower and colonnaded front on the right partially obscured by trees on the left
South elevation and west profile of First Congregational Church, 2010
Litchfield Historic District is located in Connecticut
Litchfield Historic District
Location Litchfield, CT
Coordinates 41°44′50.6″N 73°11′24.5″W / 41.747389°N 73.190139°W / 41.747389; -73.190139Coordinates: 41°44′50.6″N 73°11′24.5″W / 41.747389°N 73.190139°W / 41.747389; -73.190139
Architect William Sprat (original)
Unknown (increase)
Architectural style Georgian (original)
Greek Revival, Late Victorian (increase)
Governing body Litchfield Historic District Commission
NRHP Reference # 68000050 (original)
78003456 (increase)
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 24, 1968 (original)
November 29, 1978 (increase)[1]
Designated NHLD November 24, 1968[2]

Litchfield Historic District, in Litchfield, Connecticut, is a National Historic Landmark historic district designated in 1968 as a notable example of a typical late 18th century New England village.[3] It is the core area of a larger historic district that includes the entire borough of Litchfield and was designated a state historic district in 1959 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.[2][4]:72[5]

This residential district is anchored by the Litchfield meetinghouse (1829) and is predominantly Georgian with clapboarding, gables and hipped roofs.[2]

Litchfield Town Green[edit]

At the center of the district is the Litchfield Town Green in the area of the intersection between U.S. Route 202 and Route 63, the main through routes of the town of Litchfield. The village green was originally established in 1720 and was primarily used as a common pasture ground, in addition to being the site of the first town meetinghouse, which was constructed in 1723. In the following years, other buildings were built on the green, including the first schoolhouse in the area in 1732, and the county courthouse in 1751, when Litchfield became the county seat of newly constituted Litchfield County. The use of the green as pasture ceased after the Revolutionary War and became used as a military parade ground. Its transformation into a park began in 1836, when it was officially designated by the town as such. The green was used as the center for recruitment during the Civil War and was also the place returning soldiers were welcomed. In the 20th century, various trees and shrubs were planted, and benches added as well. Several war monuments as well as a memorial fountain were also constructed.

1812 building on the green

South Street[edit]

Stick style house at or adjacent to 127 South Street
77 South Street

Along South Street are many houses. On South Street is the Tapping Reeve House and Law School, also known as Litchfield Law School, a one-room schoolhouse that was the first law school in the United States and where Aaron Burr, John C. Calhoun and others studied.

North Street[edit]

Sheldon Tavern, on North Street

Sheldon Tavern, on North Street, is one of the contributing properties.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b c "Litchfield Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  3. ^ Charles W. Snell (November 13, 1967), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Litchfield Historic District PDF (32 KB), National Park Service  and Accompanying 40 or so photos, from 1967 and possibly other dates PDF (32 KB)
  4. ^ David F. Ransom (January 12, 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Litchfield Historic District". National Park Service.  and Accompanying 23 photos from 1977
  5. ^ Borough of Litchfield Historic District Commission, Town of Litchfield website, accessed January 28, 2010

External links[edit]

All of the following Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) documentation is filed under Litchfield, Litchfield County, CT: