Litchfield Historic District
- This article focuses on the National Historic Landmark historic district. For the larger historic district, also called Litchfield Historic District, that includes the NHL district and is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a local historic district, see Litchfield (borough), Connecticut.
Litchfield Historic District
South elevation and west profile of First Congregational Church, 2010
|Architect||William Sprat (original)
|Architectural style||Georgian (original)
Greek Revival, Late Victorian (increase)
|Governing body||Litchfield Historic District Commission|
|NRHP Reference #||68000050 (original)
|Added to NRHP||November 24, 1968 (original)
November 29, 1978 (increase)
|Designated NHLD||November 24, 1968|
Litchfield Historic District, in Litchfield, Connecticut, is a National Historic Landmark historic district designated in 1968 as a notable example of a typical late 18th century New England village. It is the core area of a larger historic district that includes the entire borough of Litchfield and was designated a state historic district in 1959 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.:72
Litchfield Town Green
At the center of the district is the Litchfield Town Green in the area of the intersection between U.S. Route 202 and Route 63, the main through routes of the town of Litchfield. The village green was originally established in 1720 and was primarily used as a common pasture ground, in addition to being the site of the first town meetinghouse, which was constructed in 1723. In the following years, other buildings were built on the green, including the first schoolhouse in the area in 1732, and the county courthouse in 1751, when Litchfield became the county seat of newly-constituted Litchfield County. The use of the green as pasture ceased after the Revolutionary War and became used as a military parade ground. Its transformation into a park began in 1836, when it was officially designated by the town as such. The green was used as the center for recruitment during the Civil War and was also the place returning soldiers were welcomed. In the 20th century, various trees and shrubs were planted, and benches added as well. Several war monuments as well as a memorial fountain were also constructed.
Along South Street are many houses. On South Street is the Tapping Reeve House and Law School, also known as Litchfield Law School, a one-room schoolhouse that was the first law school in the United States and where Aaron Burr, John C. Calhoun and others studied.
Sheldon Tavern, on North Street, is one of the contributing properties.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Connecticut
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Litchfield County, Connecticut
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Litchfield Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- Charles W. Snell (November 13, 1967), PDF (32 KB), National Park Service and PDF (32 KB)
- David F. Ransom (January 12, 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Litchfield Historic District". National Park Service. and Accompanying 23 photos from 1977
- Borough of Litchfield Historic District Commission, Town of Litchfield website, accessed January 28, 2010
- First Congregational Church, Litchfield, CT, home page
All of the following Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) documentation is filed under Litchfield, Litchfield County, CT:
- HABS No. CT-381, "Law School, South Street", 1 photo, supplemental material
- HABS No. CT-384, "Ozias Seymour Homestead, South Street", 1 photo, supplemental material
- HABS No. CT-382, "Gerret P. Welch House", 1 photo, supplemental material
- HABS No. CT-383, "Major David Welch House", 1 photo, supplemental material
- HABS No. CT-79, "Phelps' Tavern, East Street", 2 photos, 4 data pages, supplemental material
- HABS No. CT-220, "Elisha Sheldon House", 2 photos, supplemental material
- HABS No. CT-177, "First Congregational Church", 8 photos, supplemental material