Lithium chlorate

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Lithium chlorate
Identifiers
CAS number 13453-71-9 YesY
PubChem 23682463
ChemSpider 55520
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula LiClO3
Molar mass 90.39 g/mol
Melting point 127.6 to 129 °C (261.7 to 264.2 °F; 400.8 to 402.1 K)[1][2][3]
Solubility in water 241g/100mL (0 °C)
777g/100mL (60 °C)
Related compounds
Other anions Lithium chloride
Lithium hypochlorite
Lithium perchlorate
Other cations Sodium chlorate
Potassium chlorate
Caesium chlorate
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Lithium chlorate is the inorganic chemical compound with the formula LiClO3. Like all chlorates, it is an oxidizer and may become unstable and possibly explosive if mixed with organic materials, reactive metal powders, or sulfur.

It can be manufactured by the reaction of hot, concentrated lithium hydroxide with chlorine:

3 Cl2 + 6 LiOH → 5 LiCl + LiClO3 + 3 H2O

References[edit]

  1. ^ S. S. Wang, D. N. Bennion: "The Electrochemistry of Molten Lithium Chlorate and Its Possible Use with Lithium in a Battery" in J. Electrochem. Soc. 1983, 130(4), S. 741-747. Abstract
  2. ^ A. N. Campbell, E. M. Kartzmark, W. B. Maryk: "The Systems Sodium Chlorate - Water - Dioxane and Lithium Chlorate - Water - Dioxane, at 25°" in Can. J. Chem. 1966, 44, S. 935-937. Volltext
  3. ^ http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServlet?prog=normal&id=JESOAN000130000004000741000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=yes&ref=no