Lithium citrate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lithium citrate
Lithium citrate
Names
Other names
Trilithium citrate
trilithium 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
Identifiers
919-16-4 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL1201170 N
ChemSpider 12932 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 13520
RTECS number TZ8616000
Properties
Li3C6H5O7
Molar mass 209.923 g mol−1
Appearance Odorless white powder
Melting point decomposes at 105 °C
Hazards
Main hazards Toxic
R-phrases R22 R36 R37 R38
Flash point N/A
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Lithium citrate (Li3C6H5O7) (brand names Litarex, Demalit) is a chemical compound of lithium and citrate that is used as a mood stabilizer in psychiatric treatment of manic states and bipolar disorder.[1] There is extensive pharmacology of lithium, the active component of this salt.

Lithia water contains various lithium salts, including the citrate. An early version of Coca-Cola available in pharmacies' soda fountains called Lithia Coke was a mixture of Coca-Cola syrup and lithia water.[2] The soft drink 7Up was originally named "Bib-Label Lithiated Lemon-Lime Soda" when it was formulated in 1929 because it contained lithium citrate. The beverage was a patent medicine marketed as a cure for hangover. Lithium citrate was removed from 7Up in 1948.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Medical use
  2. ^ And Now Lithium in Water
  3. ^ Gielen, Marcel; Edward R. T. Tiekink (2005). Metallotherapeutic drugs and metal-based diagnostic agents: The use of metals in medicine. John Wiley and Sons. p. 3. ISBN 0-470-86403-6.