Lithium citrate

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Lithium citrate
Lithium citrate
Identifiers
CAS number 919-16-4 YesY
PubChem 13520
ChemSpider 12932 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL1201170 N
RTECS number TZ8616000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula Li3C6H5O7
Molar mass 209.923 g mol−1
Appearance Odorless white powder
Melting point decomposes at 105 °C
Hazards
R-phrases R22 R36 R37 R38
Main hazards Toxic
Flash point N/A
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Lithium citrate (Li3C6H5O7) (brand names Litarex, Demalit) is a chemical compound of lithium and citrate that is used as a mood stabilizer in psychiatric treatment of manic states and bipolar disorder.[1] There is extensive pharmacology of lithium, the active component of this salt.

Lithia water contains various lithium salts, including the citrate. An early version of Coca-Cola available in pharmacies' soda fountains called Lithia Coke was a mixture of Coca-Cola syrup and lithia water.[2] The soft drink 7Up was originally named "Bib-Label Lithiated Lemon-Lime Soda" when it was formulated in 1929 because it contained lithium citrate. The beverage was a patent medicine marketed as a cure for hangover. Lithium citrate was removed from 7Up in 1948.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Medical use
  2. ^ And Now Lithium in Water
  3. ^ Gielen, Marcel; Edward R. T. Tiekink (2005). Metallotherapeutic drugs and metal-based diagnostic agents: The use of metals in medicine. John Wiley and Sons. p. 3. ISBN 0-470-86403-6.