Lithium hypochlorite

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Lithium hypochlorite
Li+.svg Hypochlorit-Ion.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 13840-33-0 YesY
PubChem 23665767
ChemSpider 55593 YesY
RTECS number NH3486000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula LiClO
Molar mass 58.39 g/mol
Appearance white solid
Odor chlorine-like odor
Density 0.531 g/cm3 (20 °C)
Melting point 135 °C (275 °F; 408 K)
Boiling point 1,336 °C (2,437 °F; 1,609 K)
Solubility in water soluble
Hazards
Autoignition temperature > 180 °C
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Lithium hypochlorite is the colorless, crystalline lithium salt of hypochlorous acid with the chemical formula of LiClO. It is used as a disinfectant for pools and a reagent for some chemical reactions.

Safety[edit]

Doses of 500 mg/kg cause clinical signs and significant mortality in rats.[1] The use of chlorine-based disinfectants in domestic water, although widespread, has led to some controversy due to the formation of small quantities of harmful byproducts such as chloroform. Studies showed no uptake of lithium if pools with lithium hypochlorite have been used.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoberman A. M., Deprospo J. R., Lochry E. A., Christian M. S. (1990). "Developmental toxicity study of orally administered lithium hypochlorite in rats". Journal of the American College of Toxicology 9 (3): 367–379. doi:10.3109/10915819009078746. 
  2. ^ McCarty J. D., Carter S. P., Fletcher M. J., Reape M. J. (1994). "Study of lithium absorption by users of spas treated with lithium ion". Hum Exp Toxicol 13 (5): 315–9. doi:10.1177/096032719401300506. PMID 8043312. 
  • Weiner ML, Batt KJ, Putman DL, Curren RD, Yang LL (1990). "Genotoxicity evaluation of lithium hypochlorite". Toxicology 65 (1–2): 1–22. doi:10.1016/0300-483X(90)90075-R. PMID 2274961. 
  • Davies NL (1991). "Lithium toxicity in two dogs". J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc. 62 (3): 140–142. PMID 1770485.