Lithophone

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This postcard from 1906 illustrates the method of early lithophone performances in Luray Caverns, Virginia, United States

A lithophone is a musical instrument consisting of a rock or pieces of rock which are struck to produce musical notes. Notes may be sounded in combination (producing harmony) or in succession (melody). The lithophone is an idiophone similar to the bars on instruments such as the glockenspiel, metallophone, xylophone and marimba.

Notable examples[edit]

A more sophisticated lithophone trims and mounts individual stones to achieve a full-scale idiophone:

  • Probable prehistoric lithophone stones have been found at Sankarjang in Odisha, India.[1]
  • Vietnamese lithophones dating back to ancient times, called đàn đá, have been discovered and revived in the 20th century.
  • The ritual music of Korea features the use of stone chimes called pyeongyeong, derived from the Chinese bianqing.
  • The Musical Stones of Skiddaw from Cumbria, England, have been made into an instrument found in Keswick Museum and Art Gallery.
  • A lithophone called the Musical Stones has been created at Brantwood, the former home of John Ruskin in Cumbria, England, and may be played there by visitors.[2]
  • The Silex Piano, circa 1885, employed suspended flints of various sizes which were struck with other flints to produce sounds.
  • Composer-vibraphonist Wolfgang Lackerschmid uses an instrument called the gramorimba, which is featured alongside the vibraphone and marimba in a trio setting.
  • Icelandic post-rock band Sigur Rós constructed a slate marimba from rocks found in Iceland, this is demonstrated in their DVD Heima.[3]
  • The stone marimba.

The German composer Carl Orff calls for a lithophone called Steinspiel in his later works. Some lithophones include electric pickups to amplify the sounds.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ P. Yule/M. Bemmann, Klangsteine aus Orissa Die frühesten Musikinstrumente Indiens?, Archaeologia Musicalis 2.1, 1988, 41–50 (also in English and French).
  2. ^ "Musical Stones: Rock music from the Cumbrian Hills". Brantwood Trust. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  3. ^ A clip of Sigur Rós playing the slate marimba can be found here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lk3D5431SPs&feature=related

External links[edit]

  • The British composer Will Menter[1] invented the llechiphone, a marimba with keys made of slate, while working in North Wales.[2]
  • Other slate lithophones, called stonaphones, are made in the U.S. state of Maine by Jim Doble out of recycled slate roofing.[3]
  • An installation in Quark Park by Perry Cook and Jonathan Shor, consisting of 17 bars stretched over a 35-foot (11 m) long path.
  • Audio and video of Stalacpipe Organ on Sound Tourism site
  • lithophones.com Photographs, audio clips, and videos of lithophones from around the world, historical and contemporary.

Video[edit]